Indiana Jones

Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones

Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s.

Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Biography

When not adventuring, Jones is a respectable professor

Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. Henry Jones Sr. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey. "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers.

In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes.

His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. He participated in the Western Front. He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I.

When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer.

Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict.

Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion.

Dr. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition.

When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch.

Appearances

Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride.

The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures.

The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie.

TV films

Harrison Ford makes a cameo appearance as 50 year old Indy in Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues.
  • Chapter 1: My First Adventure
  • Chapter 2: Passion for Life
  • Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid
  • Chapter 4: Travels with Father
  • Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance
  • Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure
  • Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song
  • Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell
  • Chapter 9: Demons of Deception
  • Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom
  • Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life
  • Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen
  • Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service
  • Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades
  • Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert
  • Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence
  • Chapter 17: Masks of Evil
  • Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye
  • Chapter 19: Winds of Change
  • Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues
  • Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920
  • Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies

Theatrical films

  • Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984)
  • Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989)
  • Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production")
  • Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced.
  • Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel.

Novels

Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. These are only available in German and French respectively.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House

  • Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books

  • The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno

Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy

German novels by Goldmann Verlag

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. L. Stine

Comics

There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books.

Dark Horse Comics Stories

  • Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil
  • Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold
  • Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
  • Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death
  • Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece
  • Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny
  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix

Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories

  • Ikons of Ikammanen
  • The Devil's Cradle
  • Gateway to Infinity
  • Club Nightmare
  • Africa Screams
  • The Gold Goddess
  • The Fourth Nail
  • Deadly Rock
  • Demons
  • The Sea Butchers
  • The Search for Abner Ravenwood
  • The Cuban Connection
  • Beyond the Lucifer Chamber
  • End Run
  • Dragon by the Tail
  • The Secret of the Deep
  • Revenge of the Ancients
  • Good as Gold
  • Trail of the Golden Guns
  • Tower of Tears
  • Shot by Both Sides
  • Fireworks
  • Big Game
  • Double Play
  • Magic, Murder & The Weather
  • Something’s Gone Wrong Again

Star Wars Tales

  • Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown

Video games

Various video and computer games have also been produced. The games include:

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft)
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis)
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear)
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name)
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64)
  • Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color)
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox)
  • Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie

Attractions

Action on the set of the Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular

George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:

  • The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995.
  • The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001.

Pinball

Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner.

Origins

Indiana Jones with his famous bull-whip.

Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. Lucas responded that he had something better than that.

Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip.

Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. [1]

Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films.

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain.

The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name.

Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé.

Portrayers

  • Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11)
  • River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13)
  • Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21)
  • Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50)
  • George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93)

DVD release

TV films

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie.

McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV.

Theatrical films

The 2003 DVD release of Chapters 23-25.

Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003.

Features

  • Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French
  • Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround)
  • Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered

Bonus disc features

  • A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy
  • From the Lucasfilm Archives:
    • The Stunts of Indiana Jones
    • The Sound of Indiana Jones
    • The Music of Indiana Jones
    • The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones
  • Original trailers
  • Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview

References

  • "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003. IndianaJones.com.

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Bonus disc features. Kayaks designed for Slalom canoeing have a hull for manouverability and since the early 1970's, low profile decks. Features. Besides being portable, inflatable kayaks generally are stable and easy to master, but they take more effort to paddle and are slower than traditional kayaks. Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003. They are made of hypalon (a kind of neoprene), pvc, or polyurethane coated cloth. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV. The pressure sounds low, almost always below 3 psi.

Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. They can be inflated with foot pumps, a variety of hand pumps, or electric pumps. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. Inflatable kayaks usually can be transported by hand using a carry bag. McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. Another special type of kayak is the inflatable kayak. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie. Surf Skis were originally created for surf and are still used in surf races in countries such as New Zealand, Australia, South Africa.

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. A highly specialized variant of flatwater racing kayak called a Surf Ski has an open cockpit and can be twenty-one feet long but only eighteen inches wide, requiring expert balance and paddling skill. Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé. Flatwater racing kayaks are closely related to flatwater racing canoes, and are usually paddled out of a common club or team, although it is rare for paddlers to compete in both canoes and kayaks. His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name. In spite of this, these boats still require fairly large areas to turn. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). The rudder is controlled by the feet of the paddler (the foremost paddler in multiperson designs).

The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. Due to their long length (a one person sprint kayak will be on the order of 17 feet long), sprint boats come equipped with a rudder to help with turning. The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". These boats are raced at the Olympic level by both men and women, over courses of 200m, 500m and 1000m. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain. The most common types of flatwater racing kayaks (sometimes termed 'sprint boats') are K-1, K-2 and K-4. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. The beam of a flatwater boat is typically barely wider than the hips of the person who paddles it, allowing for a very long and narrow shape to reduce drag.

Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. They require a good level of expertise to paddle well, but are extremely fast in the hands of proficient users. Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. They are thin, extremely unstable, and expensive, with a competitive boat running in the $4000 range. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). Flatwater racing kayaks are generally made out of lightweight materials, and as such, are somewhat weak; they are not intended for anything other than flat water on a relatively calm day. Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Most canoe/kayak clubs will offer indroductory instruction programs in recreational boats as a way to enter into the sport.[1].

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Using less expensive materials like polyethylene and including fewer options keep these boats inexpensive (USA$300–$800). Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films. Compared to other kayaks recreational kayaks have a larger cockpit for easier entry and exit and a wider beam (27–30 inches) for more stability on the water; they are generally less than twelve feet in length and have limited cargo capacity. [1]. Recreational kayaks are designed for the casual paddler interested in fishing, photography, or a peaceful paddle on a lake or flatwater stream; they presently make up the largest segment of kayak sales. Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. Elite waveski surfers are able to more closely imitate surfboard manouveres.

Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip. Although the waveski utilises similar dynamics, in terms of paddling technique and surfing performance on the waves, construction can be very similar to surfboard designs. Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. A variation on the closed cockpit surf kayak is an open cockpit design called a Waveski. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. While typically seven or eight feet in length, competition surf kayaks can be nearly twelve feet long to increase both planing speed while on a wave and to provide faster paddling speed for catching waves. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. Surf Kayaks are similar in design to whitewater kayaks, except they have a planing hull (flat side to side) to carve into a wave face, like a surfboard.

The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. Ultra-low-volume kayaks that are designed to be paddled both on and below the surface of the water are used in Squirt Boating. After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. In "freestyle" competition ("kayak rodeo"), whitewater kayakers use features of rapids to do tricks, typically while remaining in one place on the river. Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). Their speed comes from their ability to ride the crest of flowing river. Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. Whitewater boats, however, do not need inherent speed.

Lucas responded that he had something better than that. Whitewater kayaks are among the most maneuverable types made, however they are much slower than many other styles of boat. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. The size usually ranges from 6 to 10 feet/2 to 3 metres long; the trend was toward the shorter boats, but this is now reversing slightly to longer boats of around 7 to 8 feet that can become airborne more easily. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. They are shorter than other types of kayaks. Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. Whitewater kayaks are generally made out of high impact plastic, usually polyethylene.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner. Of all modern kayaks, they are closest relatives to the skin-and-frame boats of the past. If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life. Folding kayaks exhibit many of the same paddling characteristics as the original skin-and-frame vessels of the circumpolar north. Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). Folders are known for their durability, stability, and longevity: The Klepper Aerius I, a single-seater, has been used successfully for white-water kayaking, due to its durability and excellent manouvrability, while many Kleppers have been in frequent use for more than 20 years. George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:. Many types have integral air sponsons inside the hull, making the kayaks virtually unsinkable.

The games include:. A folder is a modern kayak that uses a collapsible frame, of wood, aluminum or plastic, or a combination thereof, and a skin, of some sort of water-resistant and tough fabric. Various video and computer games have also been produced. A special type of skin-on-frame kayak is the folding kayak, the direct descendant of the original Inuit kayak. Star Wars Tales. Lending maneuverability traits more adapted to the local environment. Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories. East Greenland kayaks appear similar to the West Greenland boat, but are often more snugly fitted to the boater and possess a steeper angle between gunwale and stem.

Dark Horse Comics Stories. Possessing often fewer chines they are more angular in shape, the gunwales rising to a point at the bow and stern. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books. West Greenland kayaks are what most neo-traditional polymer boats are modeled after. Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Their more rounded shape and high number of chines give them an almost Blimp-like appearance. There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. Baidarkas, from the Alaskan & Aleutian seas, and are a much older design.

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books. This spelling of the word kayak has evolved to be synonymous with “traditional kayak” and often encompasses three subcategories of boats separated by development local:. German novels by Goldmann Verlag. The Dutch were some of the first Europeans to take interest in the indigenous American boat design, spelling the name for these Inuit & Aleut boats, Qajaq. Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books. They are often the lightest kayaks, and traditionally made of drift wood pegged and or lashed together and seal skin stretched over it, as those were the easiest materials to source in the arctic regions. Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books. Often an umbrella term for several types of kayaks, Skin on Frame boats are primarily considered a more traditional boat in design, materials, construction, and technique.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House. Greenland style boats are typically narrower, and are paddled with greenland paddles, typically wooden, long and narrow. These are only available in German and French respectively. For the Inuit, without modern floatation devices or cold water protection, being thrown into the freezing waters of the Arctic Ocean was almost certain death in any event. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. This meant that what is now known as a 'wet exit' (getting out of a kayak that has overturned, righting it, and getting back in) was impossible, leading to the importance of the eskimo roll maneuvre, where the kayak is righted without leaving the cockpit. Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. Because the user was sewn into the boat, it was almost like a piece of clothing, 'worn' by the boater.

Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie. Kayaks were used to hunt on the coastal and open waters of the Arctic Ocean, usually with harpoons and lances, but also with bird hooks. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. This measurement style confounded early European explorers who tried to duplicate the kayak because each kayak was a little different. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. The man would measure the frame for the kayak based on his forearm, and a typical kayak is about 19ft long. The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. The skin jacket of the hunter is then sewn into the skins of the kayak, to create a waterproof seal.

Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures. Kayaks were originally built by the man who would use them (with substantial assistance from his wife, who would typically sew the skins). The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. These first kayaks were constructed as a wooden frame covered by an animal skin such as seal skin. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. The word "kayak" means "man's boat". One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. Kayaks were originally developed by the Inuit, the indigenous peoples living in the Arctic regions of North America and Greenland.

This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. . The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. A special type of kayak using pedals allows the kayaker to propel the vessel with underwater "flippers" . His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride. Most kayaks are rigid hulled, although folding kayaks that can be transported easily, and inflatable kayaks are not uncommon. Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. There are, of course, many more elements of kayak design— see the external links for more information.

It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch. Radical changes in design philosophy, however, have lead to whitewater kayaks with very flat hulls that allow them to sit on top of the water (planing hull) rather than in the water (displacement hull) like most other boats. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. Until recently, whitewater kayaks had very rounded hulls. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. Thus, sea kayaks, which are meant to be taken into open water and rough conditions, are generally narrower (22-25 inches) and less stable feeling than recreational kayaks, which are wider (26-30+ inches) and have a flatter hull shape. When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. The same boats that have lower primary stability will generally be easier to right once they are tipped too far in one direction.

His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition. Secondary stability refers to the ease of righting a kayak once it has been put off balance. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). However, if one plans to take his or her kayak into rough water, secondary stability may be more important. He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. Although every kayak will have some amount of side-to-side rocking, a wide kayak normally feels less likely to capsize than a narrow one, and a flat-bottomed boat will feel more stable than one with a rounded or V-shaped hull. In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). Primary stability refers to the feeling of "tippiness" one has when seated in the kayak on flat water.

Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). After directional stabilty, the next most important design difference among kayaks is the tradeoff between primary and secondary stability. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. Similarly, although a whitewater boat may only be a few feet shorter than many recreational kayaks, because the whitewater boat is heavily rockered its waterline is far shorter and its maneuverability far greater. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. Although kayak hulls are not so extremely curved as a hoop, it is analogous to what happens when a kayak with rocker is sitting in the water: although the overall length of the boat may be 18 feet, the length at waterline may only be 16 feet. Dr. When set on its edge on a table, only a small portion of that hoop touches the table.

At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion. For example, imagine a hoop 30 inches in diameter. Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. A heavily "rockered" boat curves more than a boat with little or no rocker, meaning that the effective waterline of the rockered boat is less than for a kayak with no rocker. Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict. A second design element that should be considered is rocker, or the curvature of the kayak from bow to stern. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer. Although length is an important feature of directional stability, length alone is a poor basis for guessing at the maneuverability of a kayak.

Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. The design of recreational kayaks is an attempt to compromise between tracking and maneuverability, while keeping costs reasonable; their length generally ranges from nine to fourteen feet. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. These kayaks rarely exceed eight feet in length, and some specialized boats such as playboats may be only six feet long. When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Whitewater kayaks, which generally depend upon river current for their forward motion, are built quite short, to maximize maneuverability. He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I. Flat water racing kayaks, which are built for maximum speed and efficiency, may be over 20 feet in length.

He participated in the Western Front. Kayaks that are built to cover longer distances such as touring and sea kayaks are themselves longer, generally between 15 and 18 feet. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. Longer boats also have a higher maximum non-planing hull speed, but the effect is largely offset by increased friction, and only becomes a significant factor at racing speeds. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. A longer hull creates a smoother transition from the narrow bow to the widest part of the boat and so "cuts" through the water with less resistance much like a sharp knife cuts more easily than a dull one. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian. As a general rule, a longer boat is faster while a shorter boat may be turned more quickly.

He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. The first trade-off important to all kayaks is between directional stability ("tracking") and maneuverability. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. The design of different types of kayak is largely a matter of two types of trade-offs. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. Some sit-on-top boats are also called kayaks, as the paddler propels the boat with a double-ended paddle. His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University. They come in one, two, and occasionally three person models.

This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes. Modern kayaks are made of plastic, fiberglass, kevlar, carbon fiber, canvas, other fabrics, or wood. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. These types may also be subdivided. In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. In modern times kayaks have been further developed into several types including: whitewater, playboats, surfing, sea kayaks, flat-water racing, downriver racing, slalom, canoe polo and recreational. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers. This manoeuvre is known as an Eskimo Roll.

adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. This stops water splashing over the boat from entering it, and makes it possible that, should the kayak (capsize), the kayak will not fill with water, and the paddler, with skill, can right the kayak again without taking on water. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. The paddler sits in a hole in the cockpit which may be sealed off with a spray skirt (or spraydeck). "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. The top of the kayak is covered with a deck. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey. The user or paddler sits down in the kayak with feet facing forward.

Henry Jones Sr. A kayak is a type of small human-powered boat and is a covered variant of a canoe, it is often called a canoe in Great Britain and Ireland, typically used with a double-bladed paddle instead of a canoe's single bladed paddle. Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. . A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark.

He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s. Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). IndianaJones.com. "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003.

Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview. Original trailers. The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones. The Music of Indiana Jones.

The Sound of Indiana Jones. The Stunts of Indiana Jones. From the Lucasfilm Archives:

    . A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy.

    Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered. Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround). Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French. George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93).

    Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50). Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21). River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13). Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11).

    The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001. The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998. The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995. The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.

    Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie. Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox). Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color). Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC).

    Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name). Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC). Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear). Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy). The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade). Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600). Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown. Something’s Gone Wrong Again.

    Magic, Murder & The Weather. Double Play. Big Game. Fireworks.

    Shot by Both Sides. Tower of Tears. Trail of the Golden Guns. Good as Gold.

    Revenge of the Ancients. The Secret of the Deep. Dragon by the Tail. End Run.

    Beyond the Lucifer Chamber. The Cuban Connection. The Search for Abner Ravenwood. The Sea Butchers.

    Demons. Deadly Rock. The Fourth Nail. The Gold Goddess.

    Africa Screams. Club Nightmare. Gateway to Infinity. The Devil's Cradle.

    Ikons of Ikammanen. Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix. Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny. Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece.

    Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death. Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates. Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis. Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient.

    Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold. Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss. Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes. Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine.

    Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer. Stine.

    L. Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. Stine. L. Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R.

    Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy.

    Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor.

    Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor.

    The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno. Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay. William Stine.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay. William Stine. Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H.

    Fox. N. Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin.

    Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV.

    After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production"). Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989).

    Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984). Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies. Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920.

    Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues. Chapter 19: Winds of Change. Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye. Chapter 17: Masks of Evil.

    Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence. Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert. Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades. Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service.

    Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen. Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life. Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom. Chapter 9: Demons of Deception.

    Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell. Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song. Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure. Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance.

    Chapter 4: Travels with Father. Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid. Chapter 2: Passion for Life. Chapter 1: My First Adventure.

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