Indiana Jones

Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones

Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s.

Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Biography

When not adventuring, Jones is a respectable professor

Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. Henry Jones Sr. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey. "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers.

In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes.

His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. He participated in the Western Front. He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I.

When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer.

Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict.

Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion.

Dr. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition.

When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch.

Appearances

Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride.

The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures.

The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie.

TV films

Harrison Ford makes a cameo appearance as 50 year old Indy in Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues.
  • Chapter 1: My First Adventure
  • Chapter 2: Passion for Life
  • Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid
  • Chapter 4: Travels with Father
  • Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance
  • Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure
  • Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song
  • Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell
  • Chapter 9: Demons of Deception
  • Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom
  • Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life
  • Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen
  • Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service
  • Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades
  • Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert
  • Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence
  • Chapter 17: Masks of Evil
  • Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye
  • Chapter 19: Winds of Change
  • Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues
  • Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920
  • Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies

Theatrical films

  • Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984)
  • Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989)
  • Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production")
  • Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced.
  • Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel.

Novels

Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. These are only available in German and French respectively.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House

  • Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books

  • The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno

Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy

German novels by Goldmann Verlag

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. L. Stine

Comics

There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books.

Dark Horse Comics Stories

  • Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil
  • Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold
  • Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
  • Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death
  • Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece
  • Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny
  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix

Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories

  • Ikons of Ikammanen
  • The Devil's Cradle
  • Gateway to Infinity
  • Club Nightmare
  • Africa Screams
  • The Gold Goddess
  • The Fourth Nail
  • Deadly Rock
  • Demons
  • The Sea Butchers
  • The Search for Abner Ravenwood
  • The Cuban Connection
  • Beyond the Lucifer Chamber
  • End Run
  • Dragon by the Tail
  • The Secret of the Deep
  • Revenge of the Ancients
  • Good as Gold
  • Trail of the Golden Guns
  • Tower of Tears
  • Shot by Both Sides
  • Fireworks
  • Big Game
  • Double Play
  • Magic, Murder & The Weather
  • Something’s Gone Wrong Again

Star Wars Tales

  • Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown

Video games

Various video and computer games have also been produced. The games include:

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft)
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis)
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear)
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name)
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64)
  • Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color)
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox)
  • Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie

Attractions

Action on the set of the Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular

George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:

  • The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995.
  • The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001.

Pinball

Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner.

Origins

Indiana Jones with his famous bull-whip.

Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. Lucas responded that he had something better than that.

Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip.

Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. [1]

Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films.

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain.

The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name.

Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé.

Portrayers

  • Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11)
  • River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13)
  • Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21)
  • Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50)
  • George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93)

DVD release

TV films

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie.

McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV.

Theatrical films

The 2003 DVD release of Chapters 23-25.

Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003.

Features

  • Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French
  • Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround)
  • Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered

Bonus disc features

  • A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy
  • From the Lucasfilm Archives:
    • The Stunts of Indiana Jones
    • The Sound of Indiana Jones
    • The Music of Indiana Jones
    • The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones
  • Original trailers
  • Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview

References

  • "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003. IndianaJones.com.

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Bonus disc features. This philosophy continues to permeate the glass beadmaking world today, resulting in a huge diversity of approaches, styles and beads. Features. Techniques diffused through the population, via early books such as Cindy Jenkins' You can make Glass Beads; the SGB's annual conference and their online forum; and just generally the philosophy of sharing ideas, tips and techniques. Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003. This group eventually formed basis for the Society of Glass Beadmakers, which recently changed its name to the International Society of Glass Beadmakers. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV. The "stump shaper" a popular shaped paddle, is named after Loren Stump, for example.

Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. However, they shared their information, and some of them started small businesses developing tools, torches and other equipment. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. Their early efforts, by today's standards, were crude-not surprising when there was almost no documentation, and none of the modern tools. McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. Thirty or so years ago, some American artists started experimenting with the form. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie. Lampworked beads (with the exception of Asian and African beadmaking) have pretty much strictly been the provenance of Italian, and, later, Bohemian lampworkers for the last four hundred years or so who kept the techniques secret.

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. It should be noted that as torches get bigger and more powerful, the cross-over between lampworking and furnace glass continues to increase. Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé. Chevron beads are multi-layer beads once exclusively made using hot-shop techniques to produce the original tubing; but now some lampworkers make similar designs on their torches (using borosilicate,--Kevin O'Grady, demonstration, 2004 Gathering) before lapping the ends to reveal the various layered colors. His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name. "Furnace glass" beads, more elaborate versions of the old seed bead technique described above, are also being made. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). Beads can be sandblasted; they can be faceted, using lapidary techniques.

The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. Lampwork (and other) beads can be painted with glass paints. The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". African beads, such as the famed Kiffa beads, are made using ground glass.) Molded ground glass, if painted into the mold, is called pate de verre, and the technique can be used to make beads, though pendants and cabochons are more typical. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain. (Soda lime glass can be blown at the end of a metal tube, or, more commonly wound on the mandrel to make a hollow bead, but the former is unusual and the latter not a true mouth-blown technique.) In addition, beads can be fused from sheet glass or using ground glass (e.g. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. Lead glass (for neon signs) and, especially borosilicate is available in tubing, making true blown beads possible.

Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. Large or complex beads go into an annealing kiln immediately; smaller ones may be allowed to cool slowly, as with a fiber blanket or by being plunged into vermiculite, and then "batch annealed" at a later time. Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. Good quality glass beads, like any warm or hot-glass item, are then annealed. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). These are typically applied as very fine leaf, slightly thicker foil, as fine wire, as fine mesh, or even as a metallic deposit (fuming.). Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Thomspson enamels) in which the bead can be rolled; it can also be decorated with metals---silver, gold, copper, palladium, and platinum.

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Glass can also be broken into very small chunks (frit) or even finely ground powders (e.g. Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films. Another very old, traditional design involves sagging one part of a striped bead by heating it more, or rubbing it with the paddle to shift the design into waves. [1]. Additionally, a sharp pointed object---for example, a tungsten rake (or pick) or stringer of glass can be dragged through the surface design to make feathers, hearts or other designs. Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. Dots are particularly versatile and can be piled on top of each other in many intriguing ways.

Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip. One is to draw with a stringer, or fiber (a small thread, usually 3mm or less in diameter) of glass on the surface, making dots, lines, or combinations. Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. There are many ways to decorate a bead. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. Other common tools for shaping beads are mashers, tweezers, picks, and even the rod of glass itself. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. Some beadmakers rely solely upon heat and gravity to shape their beads; most at least use a graphite paddle to coax the bead into the shape they want.

The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. Getting a good shape is quite often the longest part of the process, though onlookers tend to be most impressed with surface decoration. After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. Czech beadmakers, who can produce up to 1200 (identical) lampwound beads in 2--3 days, are particularly known for their use of jigs to help rapidly shape the bead into the desired silhouette. Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). The beadmaker can use a paddle, a small slab of graphite or brass to shape the glass in different ways---long thin barrels, bicones, tabs, and so on. Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. The usual beginner bead is a simple donut shape.

Lucas responded that he had something better than that. When both glass and mandrel are sufficiently warm, the beadmaker starts rotating the mandrel (usually with the non-dominant hand) while allowing the glass to wind upon it---sort of like pulling out a strand of cotton candy, or wool batt while spinning. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. The mandrel must also be heated, or the glass will not stick. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. The flameworker then selects rods of glass which she heats in the flame of her torch. Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. Some brands allow for drying in the flame.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner. In any case, the beadmaker starts by dipping a mandrel, or wire (stainless steel welding wire, cut into 9 or 12inch lengths is typical, at least in the USA) into a clay based substance similar to kiln wash and letting it dry. If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life. At one time, soft (soda lime and lead) and hard (boro) glasses had distinctly different looking palettes, but demand on the part of soft-glass artists for the silver strike colors on the one hand, and the development of the bright, cadmium based `crayon colors' in the boro line on the other, has softened the distinctions between them considerably. Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). Donald Schneider (personal conversation, late 1990s) recalls how years ago he had to make all of his own borosilicate colors (he still makes a tin white.) Northstar, and new Glass Alchemy (started by a former chemist at Northstar) now offer many colors, introducing several new ones every year. George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:. Sue Ellen Fowler is credited for developing many of the original recipes for colored borosilicate glasses, which became the basis for the Northstar company's first products.

The games include:. This is laboratory glass, such as Pyrex. Various video and computer games have also been produced. Finally, beadmakers can and do use borosilicate glass, a very hard glass requiring greater heat. Star Wars Tales. Satake, Czech and German glasses (the latter being marketed primarily to glassblowers) all come in lead versions. Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories. Lead glasses are distinguished by their lower viscosity, heavier weight, and somewhat greater tolerance for coe mismatches.

Dark Horse Comics Stories. In addition to soda lime glass, lampworkers can use lead glass. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books. New firms seem to be springing up like weeds to serve the glass beadmaking market, which in the USA has grown from "about 30" to 70,000 people (Kate Drew Wilkerson, interview, Dale Smeltzer's internet-only glass talk radio). Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Japanese Satake, Czech (Ornela) and even Indian (PIG) soda lime glasses are also known. There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. Spectrum, Uroboros make 96coe glasses.

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books. Perhaps the second most popular soda-lime glass (in the USA) is made by Bullseye, which markets their product as being particularly compatible (find/link/write article about glass coe/compatibility). German novels by Goldmann Verlag. Effetre is a soda-lime glass, and, again is the type most commonly used by lampworkers. Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books. Confusing matters is that a cousin started a rival company; their product is called Vetrofond, and is very similar. Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books. Before it was sold, it was called Moretti, and some people still call it that.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House. The most popular lampworking glass comes from Italy and is currently made by the Effetre company. These are only available in German and French respectively. Window glass can actually be used, but usually isn't, because it's not formulated for flameworking (it's shocky, that is, cracks and shatters in the flame) and there is little in the way of color available. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. (Glass also comes in particles of various sizes, but these are typically surface decorations in lampworked beads.) Many manufacturers who once only sold their glass in sheet or very thick rod now provide rods for lampworking use. Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. Most lampworkers use rods of glass 7--8mm in diameter, though premade stringers come in 1, 2 and 3mm sizes (depending on the brand), and some brands come in very thick diameters (15mm or more.) Sheet glass can be cut with tools into strips, though they're easier to manipulate if attached to a rod first.

Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie. Their high lead content makes them sparkle more than other glass, but also makes them inherently fragile. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. Lead crystal beads are machine cut and polished. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. These beads require a large scale glass furnace and annealing kiln for manufacture. The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. No air is blown into the glass.

Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures. Furnace glass uses large decorated canes built up out of smaller canes, encased in clear glass and then extruded to form the beads with liner and twisting stripe patterns. The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. Italian glass blowing techniques such as latticinio and zanfirico are adapted here to make beads. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. Beads can be pressed, or made with traditional lampworking techniques. One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. Dichroic glass has a thin film of metal fused to the surface of the glass, resulting in a surface that has a metallic sheen that changes between two colors when viewed at different angles.

This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. Increasingly, dichroic glass is being used to produce high-end art beads. The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. American torches are usually mounted at about a 45 degree angle, a result of scientific glassblowing heritage; Japanese torches are recessed, and have flames coming straight up, like a large bunson burner; Czech production torches tend to be positioned nearly horizontally. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride. Also unlike metalworking, the torch is fixed, and the bead and glass move in the flame. Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. Unlike a metalworking torch, or burner as some people in the trade prefer to call them, a flameworking torch is usually "surface mix"; that is, the oxygen and fuel (typically propane, though natural gas is also common) is mixed after it comes out of the torch, resulting in a quieter tool and less dirty flame.

It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch. Modern beadmakers use single or duel fuel torches, so `flameworked' is replacing the older term. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. After this initial stage of the beadmaking process, the bead can be further fired in a kiln to make it more durable. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. When the base bead has been formed, other colors of glass can be added to the surface to create many designs. When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. Lampwork beads are made by using a torch to heat a rod of glass and spinning the resulting thread around a metal rod covered in bead release.

His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition. A third technique, the most labor intensive, is traditionally called lampworking, because once upon a time the beadmaker used an oil lamp to create lampwork beads. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). One `feed' of a hot rod might result in 10--20 beads, and a single operator can make thousands in a day. He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. By making canes (the glass rods fed into the machine) striped or otherwise patterned, the resulting beads can be more elaborately colored than seed beads. In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). The beads again are rolled in hot sand to remove flashing and soften seam lines.

Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). Thick rods (20cm?) are heated to molten and fed into a rube goldbergian contraption that stamps the glass, including a needle that pierces a hole. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. These were (and are) made in the Czech republic, in what was once called Bohemia. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. Increasing in labor costs are pressed or molded beads. Dr. Modern seed beads are extruded by machine and some, (Miyuki delicas) look like little tubes.

At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion. The tube was then chopped, the resulting beads rolled in hot sand to round the edges, sieved into sizes, and, usually, strung onto hanks. Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. Once upon a time, these beads were made by puntying up a gather of glass, blowing a bubble, attaching a second puntile and pulling molten glass in opposite directions, reportedly in lengths up to 200 feet long. Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict. The most common type of modern glass bead is the seed bead, a small type of bead typically less than 6mm, traditionally monochrome, and manufactured in very large quantities. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer. .

Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. Perhaps the earliest glass-like beads were Egyptian faience beads, a form of clay bead with a self-forming vitreous coating. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. Glass beads have been dated back to at least Roman times. When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Beads are amongst the oldest human art and technology, dating back 30,000 years (Dubin, 1987). He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I.

He participated in the Western Front. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian.

He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University.

This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers.

adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey.

Henry Jones Sr. Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. . A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark.

He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s. Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). IndianaJones.com. "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003.

Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview. Original trailers. The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones. The Music of Indiana Jones.

The Sound of Indiana Jones. The Stunts of Indiana Jones. From the Lucasfilm Archives:

    . A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy.

    Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered. Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround). Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French. George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93).

    Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50). Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21). River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13). Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11).

    The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001. The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998. The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995. The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.

    Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie. Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox). Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color). Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC).

    Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name). Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC). Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear). Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy). The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade). Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600). Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown. Something’s Gone Wrong Again.

    Magic, Murder & The Weather. Double Play. Big Game. Fireworks.

    Shot by Both Sides. Tower of Tears. Trail of the Golden Guns. Good as Gold.

    Revenge of the Ancients. The Secret of the Deep. Dragon by the Tail. End Run.

    Beyond the Lucifer Chamber. The Cuban Connection. The Search for Abner Ravenwood. The Sea Butchers.

    Demons. Deadly Rock. The Fourth Nail. The Gold Goddess.

    Africa Screams. Club Nightmare. Gateway to Infinity. The Devil's Cradle.

    Ikons of Ikammanen. Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix. Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny. Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece.

    Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death. Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates. Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis. Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient.

    Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold. Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss. Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes. Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine.

    Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer. Stine.

    L. Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. Stine. L. Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R.

    Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy.

    Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor.

    Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor.

    The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno. Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay. William Stine.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay. William Stine. Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H.

    Fox. N. Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin.

    Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV.

    After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production"). Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989).

    Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984). Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies. Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920.

    Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues. Chapter 19: Winds of Change. Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye. Chapter 17: Masks of Evil.

    Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence. Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert. Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades. Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service.

    Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen. Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life. Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom. Chapter 9: Demons of Deception.

    Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell. Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song. Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure. Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance.

    Chapter 4: Travels with Father. Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid. Chapter 2: Passion for Life. Chapter 1: My First Adventure.

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