Indiana Jones

Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones

Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s.

Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release.

Spoiler warning: Plot and/or ending details follow.

Biography

When not adventuring, Jones is a respectable professor

Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. Henry Jones Sr. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey. "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers.

In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes.

His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. He participated in the Western Front. He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I.

When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer.

Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict.

Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion.

Dr. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition.

When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch.

Appearances

Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride.

The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures.

The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie.

TV films

Harrison Ford makes a cameo appearance as 50 year old Indy in Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues.
  • Chapter 1: My First Adventure
  • Chapter 2: Passion for Life
  • Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid
  • Chapter 4: Travels with Father
  • Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance
  • Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure
  • Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song
  • Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell
  • Chapter 9: Demons of Deception
  • Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom
  • Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life
  • Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen
  • Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service
  • Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades
  • Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert
  • Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence
  • Chapter 17: Masks of Evil
  • Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye
  • Chapter 19: Winds of Change
  • Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues
  • Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920
  • Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies

Theatrical films

  • Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984)
  • Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981)
  • Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989)
  • Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production")
  • Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced.
  • Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel.

Novels

Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. These are only available in German and French respectively.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House

  • Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. N. Fox
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. William Stine
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay
  • Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books

  • The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno

Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor
  • Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin
  • Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy
  • Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy

German novels by Goldmann Verlag

  • Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein
  • Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books

  • Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. L. Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer
  • Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk
  • Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes
  • Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss
  • Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. L. Stine

Comics

There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books.

Dark Horse Comics Stories

  • Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil
  • Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold
  • Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis
  • Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates
  • Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death
  • Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece
  • Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny
  • Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix

Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories

  • Ikons of Ikammanen
  • The Devil's Cradle
  • Gateway to Infinity
  • Club Nightmare
  • Africa Screams
  • The Gold Goddess
  • The Fourth Nail
  • Deadly Rock
  • Demons
  • The Sea Butchers
  • The Search for Abner Ravenwood
  • The Cuban Connection
  • Beyond the Lucifer Chamber
  • End Run
  • Dragon by the Tail
  • The Secret of the Deep
  • Revenge of the Ancients
  • Good as Gold
  • Trail of the Golden Guns
  • Tower of Tears
  • Shot by Both Sides
  • Fireworks
  • Big Game
  • Double Play
  • Magic, Murder & The Weather
  • Something’s Gone Wrong Again

Star Wars Tales

  • Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown

Video games

Various video and computer games have also been produced. The games include:

  • Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft)
  • The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis)
  • Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis)
  • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear)
  • Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System)
  • Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name)
  • Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64)
  • Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC)
  • Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color)
  • Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox)
  • Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie

Attractions

Action on the set of the Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular

George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:

  • The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995.
  • The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998.
  • The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001.

Pinball

Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner.

Origins

Indiana Jones with his famous bull-whip.

Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. Lucas responded that he had something better than that.

Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip.

Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. [1]

Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films.

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain.

The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name.

Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé.

Portrayers

  • Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11)
  • River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13)
  • Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21)
  • Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50)
  • George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93)

DVD release

TV films

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie.

McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV.

Theatrical films

The 2003 DVD release of Chapters 23-25.

Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003.

Features

  • Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French
  • Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround)
  • Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered

Bonus disc features

  • A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy
  • From the Lucasfilm Archives:
    • The Stunts of Indiana Jones
    • The Sound of Indiana Jones
    • The Music of Indiana Jones
    • The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones
  • Original trailers
  • Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview

References

  • "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003. IndianaJones.com.

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Bonus disc features. They were once thought by early astronomers to be literal lakes. Features. There are dark basaltic plains on the Moon, similar to lunar maria but smaller, that are called lacus (singular lacus, Latin for "lake"). Chapters 23-25 of the Indiana Jones series (The Temple of Doom, Raiders of the Lost Ark, and The Last Crusade, respectively) were released on DVD as a boxed set of all three films plus a fourth disc of bonus materials in 2003. Some photographs taken during the Galileo mission appear to show lakes of liquid sulfur on the surface. If all goes well, the plan is to tie the DVD release to the theatrical debut of Indy IV. Jupiter's small moon Io is volcanically active due to tidal stresses, and as a result sulfur deposits have accumulated on the surface.

Work has been ongoing for about 18 months on the Young Indy DVDs, with about another 18 months worth of work yet to be done. Under current conditions this water will quickly evaporate or freeze unless insulated in some manner, such as by a coating of volcanic ash. The discs will include some 66 historical featurettes, now in production. It is also possible that volcanic activity on Mars will occasionally melt the subsurface ice, forming large lakes. McCallum expects there to be 22 Young Indiana Jones Chronicles DVDs in all, 3 of which have been completed. However geologic evidence appears to confirm that ancient lakes once formed on the surface. The company has already put in two years of work on creating these DVDs, so as to have bonus features for each movie. At present the surface of the planet Mars is too cold to permit pooling of liquid water on the surface.

The DVDs for Chapters 1-22 are expected to be released sometime in 2007, according to a statement by series producer, Rick McCallum of Lucasfilm. As of 2005, it is again rapidly losing water, giving rise to the fear that it will be completely dried up by 2010. Spielberg also admitted that an important inspiration for the style and atmosphere of the adventures of Indiana Jones were the adventures of the Belgian comic character Tintin by Hergé. Neusiedler See, located in Austria and Hungary, dried up several times for a number years during the past centuries. His name is also said to be derived from the character "Nevada Smith," played by Steve McQueen in the 1966 film of the same name. News sources reported government officials theorized that this strange phenomena may have been caused by a shift on soil underneath the lake which drained water to channels leading to Oka River. The origin of the name "Indiana" is the same in the real world as in the fiction: It was the name of an Alaskan malamute Lucas had in the 1970s (the same dog was also the inspiration for Chewbacca). On June 3, 2005 in Bolotnikovo, Russia, a lake called White Lake vanished in a short period of time (minutes).

The name was thus changed early in the production of Raiders of the Lost Ark. A prime example of this is Lake Cerknica in Slovenia. The character was originally named Indiana Smith, but Spielberg disliked the name and Lucas casually suggested "Indiana Jones". Some lakes can also disappear seasonally; they are called Intermittent lakes and are typical of karstic terrain. [4] However, the most likely inspiration was the fictional character Allan Quatermain. In the very last stages of succession, more trees would grow in, eventually turning the wetland into a forest. Another very strong candidate is the famed adventurer and anthropologist Schuyler Jones. In lowland river valleys (allowing the river to meander), the presence of peat is explained by the closing of historical oxbow lakes.

Other candidates include explorer Gene Savoy [2], Yale University historian and explorer Hiram Bingham III and University of Chicago archeologist Robert Braidwood [3]. Gradually, the lake closes, and young peat may form, forming a fen. Religious archaeologist Vendyl "Texas" Jones claims that he was the inspiration, citing his names (he notes that his first name trimmed becomes Endy — very similar to Indy), but this claim has reportedly been denied by Spielberg. They become a new habitat for other plants (like peat moss, when conditions are right) and animals, many of which are very rare. Another person cited as a possible inspiration is the Italian archaeologist and circus strongman Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823). A "disappearing" lake (barely noticeable on a human timescale) typically has a water's edge with extensive plant mats. Probably the most cited person is famous paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews. Turbid lakes, and lakes with much plant-eating fish, tend to disappear slower.

Many people have been called the real-life inspiration of the Indiana Jones character. Large water plants (typically reeds) accelerate this closing process significantly because they trap sediment. Tom Selleck was the first choice for the role, but couldn't get out of a television series commitment (Magnum, P.I.), so Lucas went with Harrison Ford, who he had worked with previously on American Graffiti and his Star Wars films. An important difference exists between lowland and highland lakes: lowland lakes are more placid, are less rocky/more sedimentary, have a less sloping bottom, and generally contain more plant life. [1]. A lake may be infilled with deposited sediment, and gradually, the lake becomes a wetland, such as a swamp or marsh. Indy's revolver is a .38/200 calibre Webley Mk IV, but he is also seen with the .45ACP Colt M1911A1, the 9mm Browning Hi-Power, the Webley Mk VI, and the Smith & Wesson New Century (both in .455 Webley calibre) in the movies, as well as a .45 ACP Smith & Wesson Hand Ejector 2nd model. In the daytime, the lake can cool the land beside it with local winds, resulting in a sea breeze; in the night, it can warm it, forming a land breeze.

Other elements of the outfit include the jacket, the bag, which was a modified World War II gas mask bag; and the whip. A lake moderates the surrounding region's temperature and climate because water has a very high specific heat capacity (4186). Today, the collection of props and clothing from the films, especially the Fedora, has become a subculture/hobby for aficianados of the Indiana Jones franchise. It is commonly used to test eutrophication. Although multiple hats were used throughout the movies, the distinctive profile of the Fedoras remained the same. The depth at which the disk is no longer visible, is the Secchi depth, and is a measure for transparency. Swales of Herbert Johnson Hatters in London, England. This is a 20 cm disk with alternating white and black quadrants.

The original Fedora for the movie trilogy was constructed by Mr. The light depth or transparency is measured by using a Secchi disk. After examining many hats, the designers chose an urban version of the classic Australian fedora, the Akubra. Piscivorous fish eat plant-eating (planktonivorous) fish, thus increasing the number of algae (see aquatic trophic cascade). Upon requests by Spielberg and Lucas the costume designer was given the task to make the character have a distinctive recognizable silhouette through the style of the hat (much like Dick Tracy). Bottom-dwelling detritivorous fish are responsible for turbid waters, because they stir the mud in search for food. Spielberg wanted Indiana to be a James Bond-like figure that got into difficult situations and worked his way out. The turbidity is a decisive factor in the transparency of the water.

Lucas responded that he had something better than that. A sediment particle is in suspension if its weight is less than the random turbidity forces acting upon it. Spielberg told Lucas how he wanted to direct a James Bond film. Biological particles are algae and detritus. The two friends first discussed the project while in Hawaii during the time of release of the first Star Wars film. In very shallow water bodies, iron oxides make water reddish brown. Indiana Jones, "Obtainer of Rare Antiquities", is modeled after the strong-jawed heroes of the matinee serials and pulp magazines that Lucas and Spielberg enjoyed in their childhoods, such as the Republic Pictures serials, and Doc Savage. Decaying plant matter for instance is responsible for a yellow or brown color, while algae result in greenish water.

This was the first game to use Williams/Midway's DCS Sound System, with the music composed by Chris Granner. These particles can be sedimentary or biological in origin and are responsible for the color of the water. If you complete all 12 stages, you will enter the game's "Wizard Mode", called Eternal Life. The depth which light can reach in lakes depends on the density and motion of particles. Indiana Jones: The Pinball Adventure (1993, Williams), designed by Mark Ritchie, is a widebody pinball game that features sound clips from all three theatrical films, and features 12 different stages (four stages each based on different scenes from the movies, including three video modes). Limnology divides lakes in three zones: littoral zone, which is a sloped area that is close to land; open-water zone, where sunlight is abundant; and deep-water zone, where little sunlight can reach. George Lucas has collaborated with Walt Disney Imagineering on four occasions to create attractions for Disney theme parks worldwide:. Artificial lakes can also be made deliberately by digging one or by flooding an open-pit mine.

The games include:. Some of the world's largest lakes are reservoirs. Various video and computer games have also been produced. A reservoir (French: réservoir) is an artificial lake created by flooding land behind a dam. Star Wars Tales. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air, and the released carbon dioxide flows down the river valley. Marvel Comics The Further Adventures of Indiana Jones Stories. Under these circumstances even carbon dioxide is toxic.

Dark Horse Comics Stories. As the water surfaces, and the pressure drops, a vast amount of gas cab comes out of solution. Indy also had a cameo in a Star Wars story in an issue of the Star Wars Tales comic books. The amount of gas that can be dissolved in water is pressure related. Later Dark Horse Comics produced a number of Indiana Jones Comics. Exceptional events, like earthquakes or landslides, which do cause mixing, that brings up the deep layers, can release a vast cloud of toxic gas. There was a comic book published by Marvel Comics in the early 1980s featuring the talents of John Byrne among others. The deeper layer becomes oxygen starved, and can become saturated with carbon dioxide, and possibly other gases, like sulfur dioxide, if there is even a trace of volcanic activity.

Find Your Fate Adventure Books by Ballantine Books. Since the water of deep tropical lakes never reaches the temperature where water reaches its maximum density, there is no process that makes the water mix. German novels by Goldmann Verlag. The reservoir of deep, cold water allows cities to tap that reservoir for deep lake water cooling. Indiana Jones Adult Novels by Bantam Books. Deep Temperate lakes can maintain a reservoir of cold water year-round. Young Indiana Jones Novels by Ballantine Books. When the density of surface water differs from that of the deeper water there is a marked barrier layer, the thermocline, that prevents mixing.

Young Indiana Jones Novels by Random House. When the temperature of the water at the surface of a lake reaches the temperature at which water is most dense all the water in the lake can mix, bringing oxygen starved water up from the depths, and bringing oxygen down to decomposing sediments. These are only available in German and French respectively. Fresh water is most dense at about 4 degrees Celsius. In Germany, there was a series of adult novels by author Wolfgang Hohlbein, and in France a Young Indiana Jones series by Joseph Jacobs and Richard Beugne. Because of the unusual relationship between water's temperature and its density, the water in lakes in temperate climates mixes twice a year. Apart from novel adaptations of the movies, and several Young Indiana Jones episodes, there is also a series of original paperback novels about the adventures of Indiana Jones, and another series of novels about Young Indiana Jones for younger readers. The are kept liquid because the overlying ice acts as a thermal insulator retaining energy introduced to its underside by friction, water percolating through crevasses, by the pressure from the mass of the ice sheet above or by geothermal heating below.

Jim Ward, Vice President of Lucasfilm, has said in a recent press conference that a new Indiana Jones video game is expected that same year, around the time of the movie. There are many such lakes, but Lake Vostok in Antarctica is by far the largest. The upcoming fourth Indiana Jones movie, once again to star Harrison Ford, has been in the planning stages for several years; it is in pre-production and is not expected to be released until February 2007 at the earliest. They can occur under glaciers and ice caps or ice sheets. The series starred Harrison Ford as Jones. A subglacial lake is one which is permanently covered by ice. The popular trilogy of theatrical films: Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, were made from 1981–1989, created by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg. A periglacial lake is one in which part of its margin is formed by an ice sheet, ice cap or glacier, the ice having obstructed the natural drainage of the land.

Every episode began with a 93-year-old Indy, a grey-haired professor, talking about one of his old childhood adventures. Such lakes are of little use, and have a poor ecosystem. The stories spanned from Indy’s childhood travels with his father (who was on, what seemed, one continuous Medieval studies lecture tour) to the solo journeys of his youth and even into World War I. Lakes typically reach this condition due to human activities, such as heavy use of fertilizers in the lake catchment area. The show ran for 44 episodes, with each pairing of episodes forming a feature-length TV film. These lakes typically have poor clarity and are subject to algal blooms. One of the last Young Indiana Jones TV movies featured a cameo appearance by Harrison Ford, reprising the role of Indy as a man in his 50s. A hypertrophic lake is a water body that has been highly enriched with nutrients.

This inspired a number of made-for-TV and made-for-video movies featuring Flanery as young Indy. Eutrophic lakes are enriched with nutrients, resulting in good plant growth and possible algal blooms. The television series, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, aired from 1992 to 1996, with the 17-year-old Indy played by Sean Patrick Flanery, 93-year-old Indy by George Hall, and 10-year-old Indy by Corey Carrier. Mesotropic lakes have good clarity and an average level of nutrients. His popularity has allowed him to make appearances in three more feature films, a three-season TV series, dozens of novels, comic books, and video games, and even had his own amusement park ride. Nutrient poor lakes are said to be oligotrophic, and are generally clear, having a low concentration of plant life. Since his introduction in 1981's Raiders of the Lost Ark, the character of Indiana Jones has become a cultural icon for adventure. Lakes can be categorized on the basis of their richness of nutrients, which typically effects plant growth.

It is yet to be chronicled as to what adventure led Indy to wear an eyepatch. As climate conditions and human water requirements vary, these will create fluctuations in the lake level. He seems remarkably spry for a man in his 90s—whether that is because of his drinking from the Grail is unknown. Output sources are evaporation from the lake; surface and groundwater flows, and any extraction of lake water by humans. Sporting an eyepatch and cane, he was stopping anyone within earshot to regale them with tales of his exploits. The significant input sources are precipitation onto the lake; runoff carried by streams and channels from the lake's catchment area; groundwater channels and aquifers, and man-made sources from outside the catchment area. When last seen in 1993, Jones was living in New York City with his daughter and her family. The change in level of a lake is controlled by the difference between the sources of inflow and outflow, compared to the total volume of the lake.

His life during World War II is unknown, but in 1947 he was deceived by the recently born CIA to search the mechanism of the Babylonian Infernal Machine, in confrontation with a Soviet expedition. Some lakes come into existence as a result of sinkhole activity. In 1938, Indy rescued his father from the Nazis and became embroiled in the search for the Holy Grail (Last Crusade). The Crater Lake in Oregon is a lake located within the caldera of an extinct volcano. He continued to take on infrequent missions for the government over the ensuing years. Some lakes, like Lake Baikal and Lake Tanganyika are volcanic in origin, and lie on geological fault lines. In 1936, he was contacted by the United States government to retrieve the Ark of the Covenant before the Nazis (Raiders of the Lost Ark). The pressure from ice and the internal chemical composition means that if the lake were drilled into, it may result in a fissure and spraying in the same manner as a shaken can of soda.

Immediately afterword, he faced the gangster Lao Che and the followers of the cult of Kali (Temple of Doom). Lake Vostok is an under-ice lake in Antarctica, possibly the largest in the world. He divided his time between teaching and archaeological expeditions, including a journey to China and India in 1935 where he raced Nazis to a mystical gem called "The Heart of the Dragon" from the ancient tomb of a Chinese emperor. This gap now forms the main passage for the river and the ends of the bend become silted up. Jones abruptly left the Ravenwoods in 1926 and did not contact them for 10 years. Eventually a horseshoe bend is formed and the river cuts through the narrow neck. Dr. The slow-moving river forms a sinuous shape as the outer side of bends is torn away more rapidly than the inner side.

At the same time, he became romantically involved with the Professor's daughter Marion. Small, crescent-shaped lakes called oxbow lakes can form in river valleys as the result of meandering. Sometime after the war, Jones returned to the United States, where he studied archaeology at the University of Chicago under Professor Abner Ravenwood. Examples of salt lakes include the Great Salt Lake, the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea. Jones and Remy then tranfered to the French Army, and Jones worked as an intelligence officer, vied with Ernest Hemingway for the affections of a young nurse, and worked as a translator for the Treaty of Versailles, seeing the war come to its conclusion but laying down the groundwork for a second conflict. Saline lakes can form where there is no natural outlet or the water evaporates rapidly, and the drainage surface of the water table has a higher than normal salt content. Also while in Africa, Jones took ill, and was treated by Albert Schweitzer. When the ice retreated, the result was an immense flood that created the Dry Falls at Sun Lakes, Washington.

Among missions (depicted in the television series), the team destroyed a giant cannon mounted on a train, and they kidnapped the (real-life) German military genius Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck in a balloon, but they were forced to release him. An example of the latter occurred during the last ice age in the state of Washington, when a huge lake formed behind a glacial flow. Jones' inability to read maps properly caused him to lose his intended unit, and he instead fought along side a team of old men under the British Army. Lakes can also form by means of landslides or by glacial blockages. When they arrived in Africa, Jones and Remy were commissioned as lieutenants. Such lakes are common in Scandinavia, Siberia and Canada. He was taken prisoner by the Germans, escaped, encountered (and lost his virginity to) Mata Hari eventually making his way to Africa at the beginning of World War I. The advance and retreat of glaciers can scrape depressions in the surface where lakes accumulate.

He participated in the Western Front. A recent tectonic uplift of a mountain range can create bowl-shaped depressions that accumulate water and form lakes. He then traveled to England, getting involved with the suffrage movement, and then him and Remy joined the Belgian Army. There are a number of natural processes that can form lakes. With Remy, he left Mexico and traveled to Ireland just in time for the Easter Rising. Most lakes are young, as the natural results of erosion will tend to wear away one of the basin sides containing the lake. It is here that he also met his friend Remy, a Belgian. .

He joined this army of revolutionaries, playing a part in the Mexican Revolution in 1916, under Pancho Villa. Over 60% of the world's lakes are in Canada; this is because of the deranged drainage system that dominates the country. He ended up in Mexico and was kidnapped by Mexican revolutionaries. The Great Lakes of North America originated in the ice age. To escape this, he ran away from home by train. Finland is known as The Land of the Thousand Lakes (actually there are 187,888 lakes in Finland, of which 60,000 are large) and Minnesota is known as The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes. His father wanted Indiana to go to Princeton University. Many lakes are artificial and are constructed for hydro-electric power supply, recreation (swimming, wind surfing,...), water supply, etc.

This was also the time when he first developed his aversion to snakes. The term lake is also used to describe a feature such as Lake Eyre, which is dry most of the time but becomes filled under seasonal conditions of heavy rainfall. It was here, while attempting to secure the Cross of Coronado from thieves, Indy first learned to use the bullwhip and received his trademark fedora, as well as the scar on his chin. Large lakes are sometimes referred to as "inland seas" and small seas are sometimes referred to as lakes. In 1912, Indy was living in Utah and was a member of the Boy Scouts with the rank of Life Scout. The majority of lakes are fresh water, and most lie in the Northern Hemisphere at higher latitudes. It is not known for sure when he first did this, except that he was referred to as Indiana during childhood by his peers. A lake is a body of water surrounded by land.

adopted the name of his beloved dog Indiana for himself, insisting he be referred to as Indiana Jones. Before the current city boundaries came into effect in 2001, this status was held by Lake Ramsey, also in Sudbury. Although his father called him "Junior," Henry Jr. The largest lake located completely within the boundaries of a single city is Lake Wanapitei in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. "Junior" accompanied his father on his travels throughout Europe, where he learned to speak, read, and write 27 languages, including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Russian, Swedish, Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Vietnamese, Swahili, Latin and Chinese, as well as some Hindi, apart from English. Lake Titicaca is the largest freshwater lake in South America. (played by Lloyd Owen in the TV series and by Sean Connery in the films), and his wife Anna on July 1, 1899, in Princeton, New Jersey. It however lies at sea level with a relatively wide opening to sea, so it is better described as a bay.

Henry Jones Sr. Lake Maracaibo can be considered as the largest lake in South America. Indiana Jones was born Henry Jones Jr. to Scottish-born Professor of Medieval literature, Dr. It is a part of the Great Lakes of Africa. . Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. A fourth film has also been announced for a likely 2007 release. The largest freshwater lake in Europe is Lake Ladoga, followed by Lake Onega, both in north-western Russia.

Indiana Jones is also the general name given to the series as a whole, which is comprised of three films, a TV series, various novels, comics, video games, and other media. Lake Toba on the island of Sumatra is located in what is probably the largest resurgent caldera on Earth. An older version (93) of Jones, played by George Hall, also appeared in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles. The largest lake located on an island is Nettilling Lake on Baffin Island. Younger versions of the character were also played by River Phoenix (in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade), and by Corey Carrier and Sean Patrick Flanery (in The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles). The largest freshwater-lake island is Manitoulin Island on Lake Huron, with a surface area of 2,766 square km. Jones was originally portrayed by Harrison Ford in Raiders of the Lost Ark. It is also one of the lakes with highest salt concentration.

He first appeared in a series of films produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg in the 1980s. The world's lowest lake is the Dead Sea, currently (2005) 418 m (1,371 ft.) below sea level. Indiana Jones is a fictional bullwhip-toting, fedora-wearing archaeologist with an overdeveloped ophidiophobia (fear of snakes). The world's highest lake is Lhagba Pool in Tibet at 6,368 m. IndianaJones.com. It is also the second largest lake in South America. "Making Raiders of the Lost Ark." September 23, 2003. The highest navigable lake is lake Titicaca, at 3821 m above sea level.

Weblink to exclusive content including dozens of behind-the-scenes photos, an animatic sequence from Raiders and a PC game preview. The world's oldest lake is Lake Baikal, followed by Lake Tanganyika (Tanzania). Original trailers. The deepest lake is Lake Baikal in Siberia, with a bottom at 1,637m (5,371 ft.) and is the world's largest freshwater lake by volume. The Light and Magic of Indiana Jones. All these are part of the Great Lakes of North America. The Music of Indiana Jones. km, sometimes designated Lake Michigan-Huron.

The Sound of Indiana Jones. However, Lake Huron and Lake Michigan form a single hydrological system with surface area 117,350 sq. The Stunts of Indiana Jones. km. From the Lucasfilm Archives:

    . The largest freshwater lake, and second largest lake altogether, is Lake Superior with a surface area of 82,414 sq. A new, feature-length documentary of the making of the trilogy. km., it has a surface area greater than the next six largest lakes combined.

    Contains all three films in their original format (2.35:1 anamorphic widescreen aspect ratio or in Pan and Scan format), restored and digitally remastered. With a surface area of 394,299 sq. Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround). The largest lake in the world by surface area is the Caspian Sea. Available Subtitles: English, Spanish, French. George Hall (Chapters 1-22) (age 93).

    Harrison Ford (Chapter 20, Chapters 23-26) (ages 36-39, 50). Sean Patrick Flanery (Chapters 6-22) (ages 17-21). River Phoenix (Chapter 25) (age 13). Corey Carrier (Chapters 1-5) (ages 9-11).

    The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Crystal Skull" opened at Tokyo DisneySea in Chiba, Japan, with the park in 2001. The "Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular" show opened at the Disney-MGM Studios in Lake Buena Vista, Florida in 1998. The "Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye" opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in 1995. The "Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril" rollercoaster opened at Disneyland Paris in Marne-la-Vallee, France, in 1993.

    Untitled 2007 game, likely of same title as title of 2007 movie. Indiana Jones and the Emperor's Tomb (PC, PlayStation 2, Microsoft Xbox). Indiana Jones and the Infernal Machine (PC, Nintendo 64, Nintendo Game Boy Color). Indy's Desktop Adventures (PC).

    Indiana Jones and the Lost Kingdom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis (PC, Amiga, Macintosh, C64) (also a comic book of the same name). Indiana Jones in Revenge of The Ancients (PC). Indiana Jones' Greatest Adventures (Super Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Game Gear). Instruments of Chaos starring Young Indiana Jones (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Genesis). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Sega Master System - European release).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Game Boy). The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles (Nintendo Entertainment System). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Ubi Soft). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (Nintendo Entertainment System - Taito).

    Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Action Game (C64, Amiga, Macintosh, PC). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (C64). Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (Nintendo Entertainment System).

    Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (arcade). Raiders of the Lost Ark (Atari 2600). Star Wars Tales #19: Into the Great Unknown. Something’s Gone Wrong Again.

    Magic, Murder & The Weather. Double Play. Big Game. Fireworks.

    Shot by Both Sides. Tower of Tears. Trail of the Golden Guns. Good as Gold.

    Revenge of the Ancients. The Secret of the Deep. Dragon by the Tail. End Run.

    Beyond the Lucifer Chamber. The Cuban Connection. The Search for Abner Ravenwood. The Sea Butchers.

    Demons. Deadly Rock. The Fourth Nail. The Gold Goddess.

    Africa Screams. Club Nightmare. Gateway to Infinity. The Devil's Cradle.

    Ikons of Ikammanen. Indiana Jones and the Iron Phoenix. Indiana Jones and the Spear of Destiny. Indiana Jones and the Golden Fleece.

    Indiana Jones and the Dance of Death. Indiana Jones and the Sargasso Pirates. Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis. Indiana Jones: Thunder in the Orient.

    Indiana Jones and the Arms of Gold. Indiana Jones and the Shrine of the Sea Devil. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Ape Slaves of Howling Island - by R. Indiana Jones and the Gold of Genghis Khan - by Ellen Weiss. Indiana Jones and the Lost Treasure of Sheba - by Rose Estes. Indiana Jones and the Dragon of Vengeance - by Megan Stine.

    Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Fates - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Legion of Death - by Richard Wenk. Indiana Jones and the Cup of the Vampire - by Andrew Helfer. Stine.

    L. Indiana Jones and the Cult of the Mummy's Crypt - by R. Stine. L.

    Indiana Jones and the Giants of the Silver Tower - by R. Stine. L. Indiana Jones and the Curse of Horror Island - by R.

    Indiana Jones und das Erbe von Avalon (Indiana Jones And The Legacy Of Avalon) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Labyrinth des Horus (Indiana Jones And The Labyrinth Of Horus) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Geheimnis der Osterinseln (Indiana Jones And The Secret Of Easter Island) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schwert des Dschingis Khan (Indiana Jones And The Sword of Genghis Khan) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones und das verschwundene Volk (Indiana Jones And The Vanished People) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Gold von El Dorado (Indiana Jones And The Gold Of El Dorado) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und die Gefiederte Schlange (Indiana Jones And The Feathered Snake) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein. Indiana Jones und das Schiff der Götter (Indiana Jones And The Ship Of The Gods) - by Wolfgang Hohlbein.

    Indiana Jones and the Secret of the Sphinx - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Hollow Earth - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Dinosaur Eggs - by Max McCoy. Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone - by Max McCoy.

    Indiana Jones and the White Witch - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Sky Pirates - by Martin Caidin. Indiana Jones and the Interior World - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Genesis Deluge - by Rob MacGregor.

    Indiana Jones and the Seven Veils - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Dance of the Giants - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Unicorn's Legacy - by Rob MacGregor. Indiana Jones and the Peril at Delphi - by Rob MacGregor.

    The Mata Hari Affair - by James Luceno. Young Indiana Jones and the Eye of the Tiger - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Face of the Dragon - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Mountain of Fire - by William McCay.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Secret City - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Gypsy Revenge - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Ruby Cross - by William McCay. William Stine.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Journey to the Underworld - by Megan Stine and H. Young Indiana Jones and the Circle of Death - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Ghostly Riders - by William McCay. Young Indiana Jones and the Princess of Peril - by Les Martin.

    Young Indiana Jones and the Tomb of Terror - by Les Martin. Young Indiana Jones and the Plantation Treasure - by William McCay. William Stine. Young Indiana Jones and the Lost Gold of Durango - by Megan Stine and H.

    Fox. N. Young Indiana Jones and the Pirates Loot - by J. Young Indiana Jones' Titanic Adventure - by Les Martin.

    Chapter 28: (unproduced) Based on the fact that The Temple of Doom could be counted as a prequel, rather than a sequel. This would leave room open for yet another sequel that is yet to be produced. He now denies plans for a fourth sequel, claiming he never intended to do beyond three, but that the fourth film was "a brilliant idea he had." In saying he had a deal for four sequels, one could also speculate that he might not have counted The Temple of Doom as a sequel, and instead a prequel, which it was. He now has announced his work on the third sequel, Indiana Jones IV.

    After the first three, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, and Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, Lucas announced he was finished with the theatrical films, leaving two of his promised sequels unmade. Chapter 27: (unproduced) Originally, George Lucas had signed a deal with Paramount Pictures for four theatrical sequels to Raiders of the Lost Ark. Chapter 26: Indiana Jones 4 (2007) (categorized as "in production"). Chapter 25: The Last Crusade (1989).

    Chapter 24: Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Chapter 23: The Temple of Doom (1984). Chapter 22: Hollywood Follies. Chapter 21: Scandal of 1920.

    Chapter 20: Mystery of the Blues. Chapter 19: Winds of Change. Chapter 18: Treasure of the Peacock's Eye. Chapter 17: Masks of Evil.

    Chapter 16: Tales of Innocence. Chapter 15: Daredevils of the Desert. Chapter 14: Espionage Escapades. Chapter 13: Adventures in the Secret Service.

    Chapter 12: Attack of the Hawkmen. Chapter 11: Oganga, the Giver and Taker of Life. Chapter 10: Phantom Train of Doom. Chapter 9: Demons of Deception.

    Chapter 8: Trenches of Hell. Chapter 7: Love's Sweet Song. Chapter 6: Spring Break Adventure. Chapter 5: Journey of Radiance.

    Chapter 4: Travels with Father. Chapter 3: The Perils of Cupid. Chapter 2: Passion for Life. Chapter 1: My First Adventure.

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