Hollaback Girl

"Hollaback Girl" is a pop song written by American singer-songwriter Gwen Stefani and producer Pharrell Williams for Stefani's debut solo album, Love. Angel. Music. Baby (2004). The anthemic, beat-driven track was produced by Williams and Chad Hugo of The Neptunes. The central lyrical theme revolves around Stefani's declaration that she "ain't no hollaback girl".

"Hollaback Girl" was released as the third single from Love. Angel. Music. Baby. in the spring of 2005. Despite receiving a mixed reception from critics, it became an international success, peaking at number one in Australia and Canada, number eight in the United Kingdom, and number one in the United States. Besides being Stefani's first number-one single, "Hollaback Girl" was also the first non hip-hop, non American Idol number one hit since late 2001. In the United States, "Hollaback Girl" became the first digital download to exceed sales of one million. As of December 10th 2005, the song was nominated for the 2006 Grammy awards for "Record of the Year" and "Best Female Pop Vocal Performance".

Composition and meaning

Stefani had worked with The Neptunes during the early stages of writing her album. However, a case of writer's block left early collaborations uninspired and unsuccessful. She regained her confidence as the album neared completion, and approached The Neptunes for a second attempt. Stefani and Pharrell Williams wrote two songs together, but Stefani was soon prepared to abandon the effort. Before her departure, Williams called her back into the studio. Stefani commented, "I was tired. I wanted to go home, but he was like, 'Don't leave yet.' So I come back, and he starts playing me his solo album. If something's really good, I get really jealous. So I'm like, 'You are a fricking genius. I can't believe I'm sitting in here with you right now, and you have these songs. We have to write another song.' I'm greedy."[1] Although at the time Stefani felt there were already too many songs for the album, she and Williams completed "Hollaback Girl". Commenting later, Stefani explained, "I did the whole record, but I knew I didn't have my attitude song — my 'this is my history, fuck you because you can't erase it' song. I knew I wanted a song like that."[2]

In "Hollaback Girl", Stefani declares that, although she has been "around the track" a few times, she "ain't no hollaback girl". Near the end of the song, she additionally states that "this shit is bananas", and elaborates on that by asserting, "B-A-N-A-N-A-S." The song contains profanity, using the word "shit" thirty-eight times. The word is excised in the North American and Australian radio and music video versions.

Stefani never explained what the term hollaback girl means. In a line-by-line analysis of the song's lyrics, OC Weekly reviewer Greg Stacy speculated that "Gwen is apparently the captain of the cheerleader squad; she is the girl who 'hollas' the chants, not one of the girls who simply 'hollas' them back". Urban Dictionary claims that hollaback girl means, "someone who allows people to treat him/her like a doormat and walk all over him/her", and credits the term's invention to Stefani. However, "Hollaback" had gained popularity in 2002, when it was featured in the Fabolous hit "Young'n (Holla Back)." After Fabolous sang the hook "Holla back, young'n," the line was immediately followed by background vocals responding with "Whoo-whoo!"

Music

"Hollaback Girl" features few instruments. It is primarily anthemic and beat-driven. Each time the chorus is sung, the number of instruments increases.

It uses a Rick Rubin remix of the late '70s Queen hit single, We Will Rock You which was also used by Jay-Z for his single 99 Problems. Another reference to Queen is made with the ending lyric of a verse 'another one bites the dust', the title of their most disco-influenced song written by bassist John Deacon; the bass riff of this song accompanies the music for the short period while this line is spoken.

Critical response

"Hollaback Girl" had a polarizing effect on music critics. LAUNCHcast's Jennifer Nine described it as a "stomping, stripped-back track",[3] while All Music Guide said that it had the "thumping, minimal beats of The Neptunes."[4] Richard Smirke called it "a trademark Neptunes hip-hop stomp."[5] Rolling Stone was pleased with the song, and in their review for Stefani's Love. Angel. Music. Baby. album, wrote: "Stefani's gum-snapping sass brings out the beast in her beatmasters, especially the Neptunes in 'Hollaback Girl'."[6] Blender listed it as the eleventh best song of 2005.[7]

On the other hand, Jason Damas, in a review for PopMatters, described the song as sounding "almost exactly like Dizzee Rascal", and added, "lyrically, this is where Gwen sinks the lowest here, especially on a breakdown where she repeats, 'This shit is bananas/ B-A-N-A-N-A-S!' several times".[8] Eric Greenwood of DrawerB commented: "[The song is] moronic and embarrassingly tuneless. I’d quote the lyrics, but they’re so bad, I almost feel sorry for her. A 35-year-old woman singing about pom-poms and 'talking shit' in high school betrays such a delusional self-image that it's hard not to be taken aback. And on top of that, The Neptunes' beats are clunky and the production is senselessly bombastic."[9]

Nick Sylvester of Pitchfork insulted the track, referring to it as a "Queen pastiche [...] which has about as much club potential as a 13-year old with a milk moustache and his dad's ID."[10] Maxim was not thrilled with the song either, and in their September 2005 issue, published a list of the 20 Most Annoying Songs Ever; "Hollaback Girl" came in first place. It ranked higher than other number-one singles such as Céline Dion's "My Heart Will Go On" (number three) and the Spice Girls' "Wannabe" (number five).

Chart performance

The single was officially solicited to radio in North America on April 5, 2005, although the music video had been released two weeks earlier, on March 21. "Hollaback Girl" entered the Billboard Hot 100, the main U.S. chart, at number eighty-two, and within six weeks of its release, it had reached the number-one position, making it the fastest-rising single to reach the top in 2005; it also became Stefani's first U.S. number-one. It maintained the number-one for four weeks. The single spent thirty-three weeks on the Billboard Hot 100, thirty-one of which were in the top fifty. It was removed from the Hot 100 for the week ending October 29, 2005.

"Hollaback Girl" reaching number one on the Hot 100 made it the first non-R&B, non-hip hop, or non-American Idol song to reach number one since Nickelback's "How You Remind Me" in early 2002. However, some argue that the song achieved this due to its hip hop–influenced production. It peaked at number one on the Billboard Pop 100 for eight weeks, and topped its component chart, the Billboard Pop 100 Airplay, for four weeks. "Hollaback Girl" was a small success in the dance clubs, and only peaked at number fifteen on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart; it performed better on the Dance Radio Airplay by reaching the top five. The song was also a crossover success, and reached number four on the Rhythmic Top 40, and number eight on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart. Both positions were the highest that a non-R&B/hip hop solo artist had attained in the 2000s.

Digitally, "Hollaback Girl" also broke many records. It was the best-selling digital download for the latter three weeks of May 2005, and broke the record for the most downloads sold in one week, totaling over 60,000. The record had previously been held by 50 Cent's "Candy Shop", which sold approximately 50,000 downloads. However, Stefani did not hold the record for long, and in September 2005 it was broken by Kanye West's and Jamie Foxx's "Gold Digger". "Hollaback Girl" exceeded one million digital downloads for the week ending October 4, 2005, and was the first single to ever accomplish this; it was certified 5× platinum. Due to its downloads, it reached number one on both digital sales charts, the Hot Digital Songs and Hot Digital Tracks, concurrently.

The success of "Hollaback Girl" was duplicated in Canada, where the song debuted at number twelve on the Canadian Singles Chart. Six weeks after its release, the song reached number one, where it remained for three weeks before descending the chart. It remained in the top forty of the chart for the following four months. In the rest of the world, reaction to "Hollaback Girl" was generally positive, but not as overwhelming as it had been in North America. It was released in Australia on May 23, 2005 and in Europe on June 6, 2005; it debuted at number one in Australia for one week, and also peaked at number one in Iceland for two weeks. However, in the United Kingdom, "Hollaback Girl" did not perform as well as might have been expected from previous releases. The song's predecessors, "What You Waiting For?" and "Rich Girl", had both reached number four. "Hollaback Girl" debuted at number eight, and stalled at the same position the following week. Although its UK success was limited, widespread airplay guaranteed that it remained in the top forty for an additional ten weeks. The single largely was successful across Europe and Asia, and reached the top five in Germany and China, and the top ten in the Netherlands.

Music video

Stefani and her Harajuku Girls in the car, driving to the high school alongside the students.

The music video for "Hollaback Girl" was directed by Paul Hunter and shot in California, United States; it depicts Gwen Stefani spending a day with some students at a local high school. The teenagers first call out to Stefani as she takes photographs of her entourage of colorfully-dressed Harajuku Girls with her HP Harajuku Lovers camera (a Stefani designer edition digicam). Letting out a laugh, Stefani begins to sing, and the students — augmented by a marching band and Japanese cheerleaders — follow Stefani and her Harajuku Girls in a yellow car (with "Hollaback Girl" written on the hood) to the high school's outdoor campus. They stir things up by barging in on a football game, and are later seen at a grocery store, marching down the aisles, throwing cereal and other food products. The video is intercut with sequences filmed against a black background, of Stefani, the Harajuku Girls, and the cheerleaders dancing along to the marching band. The Harajuku Girls visualize the song's bridge by spelling out the word "bananas" with blue and white cue cards. At the end, the Harajuku Girls perform a choreographed dance, in which Stefani rises from the ground with her hands in the air. The camera zooms in on Stefani, and the video is then complete.

"Hollaback Girl" contains a tongue-in-cheek moment which appears frequently throughout the music video. In it, Stefani covers her mouth and looks around whenever she says the word "shit". In the middle of the video, Pharrell Williams, one of the song's coproducers, makes a cameo appearance. "Hollaback Girl" was successful on various video countdowns, including Total Request Live, where it reached the number one position, and was eventually retired from the program fifty days after its first appearance, becoming the first Stefani video to retire. Hollaback Girl also peaked at number one for two non-consecutive weeks on VH1's Top 20 Video Countdown. It debuted at number twenty-nine on Canada's MuchMusic Countdown, and reached number one two and a half months later, where it stayed for two weeks.

On August 28, 2005, "Hollaback Girl" won for Best Choreography in a Video at the 2005 MTV Video Music Awards.

Formats and track listings

These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "Hollaback Girl".

U.S. digital download

  1. "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal)

U.S. 12" single 1

  1. "Hollaback Girl" (radio clean version)
  2. "Hollaback Girl" (instrumental)
  3. "Hollaback Girl" (a cappella—radio clean version)
  4. "Hollaback Girl" (dirty album version)
  5. "Hollaback Girl" (instrumental)
  6. "Hollaback Girl" (a cappella—dirty album version)

U.S. 12" single 2

  1. "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal)
  2. "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal—clean)
  3. "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal—radio)
  4. "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix)
  5. "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix—instrumental)
  6. "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix—a cappella)

European CD single 1

  1. "Hollaback Girl" (album version)
  2. "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix by Diplo)
  3. "Hollaback Girl" (instrumental)
  4. "Hollaback Girl" (CD-ROM video)

European CD single 3

  1. "Hollaback Girl" (album version)
  2. "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix by Diplo)
  3. "Hollaback Girl" (Tyler Dunphy kardance mix)

Sample


Charts

Week-by-week chart positions (click image to view data in tabular form). "Hollaback Girl" was a number-one hit in the United States, Canada and Australia.

Notes

  1. ^  Nine, Jennifer. Gwen Stefani - 'Love, Angel, Music, Baby' LAUNCHcast. November 25, 2004. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2005.
  2. ^  Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Love.Angel.Music.Baby. All Music Guide. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2005.
  3. ^  Smirke, Richard. Love. Angel. Music. Baby. PlayLouder. November 23, 2004. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2005.
  4. ^  Damas, Jason. GWEN STEFANI - Love.Angel.Music.Baby.. PopMatters. November 29, 2004. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2005.
  5. ^  Greenwood, Eric. Gwen Stefani - Love Angel Music Baby. DrawerB. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2005.
  6. ^  Sylvester, Nick. Gwen Stefani's Love Angel Music Baby. Pitchfork. November 24, 2004. Retrieved Nov. 3, 2005.
  7. ^  Gwen Stefani Answers No Doubt Fans With 'Attitude Song'. MTV.com. Retrieved Nov. 19, 2005.
  8. ^  Gwen Stefani "Love Angel Music Baby". Rolling Stone. Retrieved Nov. 25, 2005.
  9. ^  (2006). The 100 Greatest Songs of 2005. Blender (January): 79.
  10. ^  Rolling Stone. Retrieved Nov. 27, 2005.

References

  • Jeckell, Barry A., managing ed. (2005). Billboard.com. Retrieved from http://www.billboard.com on October 30, 2005. Information from Billboard magazine charts.
  • "Hollaback Girl". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved from http://www.contactmusic.com/new/home.nsf/webpages/gwenstefanix28x04x05 on October 30, 2005. Stefani discusses her inspiration for writing "Hollaback Girl".
  • (2005). Top40-Charts.com. Retrieved from http://top40-charts.com on October 30, 2005. International charting information.
  • (2005). MuchMusic.com. Retrieved from http://www.muchmusic.com on November 6, 2005. MuchMusic countdown data.
  • "Gwen Stefani single hits digital platinum". Mp3.com. Retrieved from http://www.mp3.com/stories/1857.htmlhttp://www.mp3.com/stories/1857.html on November 12, 2005. Club favorite "Hollaback Girl" crosses one million digital downloads—the first track ever to hit that mark.
  • "70 Countries Worldwide Number 1 Hit Singles, week of August 5" (2005). Charly-1300. Retrieved from http://charly1300.site.voila.fr/planetcharts.htm on November 12, 2005.
  • "No Doubt" (Nov. 12, 2005). Rock on the Net. ARC Weekly Top 40 information.
  • "Hollaback Girl's spiritual antecedent 'Mickey'". Retrieved from http://www.edisonresearch.com/home/archives/2005/05/index.html on November 15, 2005.
  • "Hollaback Girl". (Nov. 23, 2005). Urban Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=hollaback.
  • "Gwen Stefani Answers No Doubt Fans With 'Attitude Song'". Retrieved from http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1497721/20050303/story.jhtml on November 23, 2005.

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. The Spanish Aerocar, built in 1916 from a design by Spanish engineer Leonardo Torres y Quevedo, is a cable car which takes passengers over the whirlpool on the Canadian side, below the Falls. These are the formats and track listings of major single releases of "Hollaback Girl". The Maid of the Mist cruises, named for an ancient Ongiara Indian mythical character, have carried passengers into the whirlpools beneath the Falls since 1846. On August 28, 2005, "Hollaback Girl" won for Best Choreography in a Video at the 2005 MTV Video Music Awards. Along the Niagara River, the Niagara River Recreational Trail runs the 56 km (35 miles) from Fort Erie to Fort George, and includes many historical sites from the War of 1812. It debuted at number twenty-nine on Canada's MuchMusic Countdown, and reached number one two and a half months later, where it stayed for two weeks. The observation deck of the nearby Skylon Tower offers the highest overhead view of the Falls, and in the opposite direction gives views as far as distant Toronto.6 With the Konica Minolta Tower, it is one of two towers in Canada with a view of the Falls.

Hollaback Girl also peaked at number one for two non-consecutive weeks on VH1's Top 20 Video Countdown. On the Canadian side, Queen Victoria Park features manicured gardens, platforms offering spectacular views of both the American and Horseshoe Falls, and underground walkways leading into observation rooms which yield the illusion of being within the falling waters. "Hollaback Girl" was successful on various video countdowns, including Total Request Live, where it reached the number one position, and was eventually retired from the program fifty days after its first appearance, becoming the first Stefani video to retire. The Niagara Scenic Trolley offers guided trips along the American Falls. In the middle of the video, Pharrell Williams, one of the song's coproducers, makes a cameo appearance. Nearby, the Cave of the Winds trail leads hikers down some three hundred steps to a point beneath Bridal Veil Falls. In it, Stefani covers her mouth and looks around whenever she says the word "shit". From the American side, the American Falls can be viewed from walkways along Prospect Park, which also features an observation tower.

"Hollaback Girl" contains a tongue-in-cheek moment which appears frequently throughout the music video. From the Canadian side, floodlights illuminate both sides of the Falls for several hours after dark (until midnight). The camera zooms in on Stefani, and the video is then complete. Peak numbers of visitors occur in the summertime, when Niagara Falls are both a daytime and evening attraction. At the end, the Harajuku Girls perform a choreographed dance, in which Stefani rises from the ground with her hands in the air. On August 4, 2005, professional golfer John Daly attempted to drive a golf ball over Niagara Falls, an approximate distance of 362 yards (331 m), falling just short in 20 attempts. The Harajuku Girls visualize the song's bridge by spelling out the word "bananas" with blue and white cue cards. With the recent influx of more international tourists, annual visits exceeded 14 million in 2003.

The video is intercut with sequences filmed against a black background, of Stefani, the Harajuku Girls, and the cheerleaders dancing along to the marching band. The Falls, or more particularly, the tourist-supported complex near the Falls, was the setting of the short-lived American television show Wonderfalls in early 2004. They stir things up by barging in on a football game, and are later seen at a grocery store, marching down the aisles, throwing cereal and other food products. Much of the episode Return of the Technodrome in the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon series take place near the Niagara Falls and its hydroelectric plant. Letting out a laugh, Stefani begins to sing, and the students — augmented by a marching band and Japanese cheerleaders — follow Stefani and her Harajuku Girls in a yellow car (with "Hollaback Girl" written on the hood) to the high school's outdoor campus. Later in the 20th century, the Falls was a featured location in 1980's movie Superman II, and was itself the subject of a popular IMAX movie. The teenagers first call out to Stefani as she takes photographs of her entourage of colorfully-dressed Harajuku Girls with her HP Harajuku Lovers camera (a Stefani designer edition digicam). Already a huge tourist attraction and favorite spot for honeymooners, Niagara Falls visits rose sharply in 1953 after the release of Niagara, a movie starring Marilyn Monroe.

The music video for "Hollaback Girl" was directed by Paul Hunter and shot in California, United States; it depicts Gwen Stefani spending a day with some students at a local high school. All survivors and stunters have passed over the Horseshoe Falls, where there are fewer boulders and the current can "throw" a person farther away from the brink and (hopefully) avoid the boulders. The single largely was successful across Europe and Asia, and reached the top five in Germany and China, and the top ten in the Netherlands. No human has ever survived a plunge over the American Falls, due to the many boulders and the relatively weak current. Although its UK success was limited, widespread airplay guaranteed that it remained in the top forty for an additional ten weeks. While it is still not known whether Jones was determined to commit suicide, he survived the 16-story fall with only battered ribs, scrapes, and bruises. "Hollaback Girl" debuted at number eight, and stalled at the same position the following week. Kirk Jones became the first person to plunge over the Horseshoe Falls without a flotation device on October 20, 2003.

The song's predecessors, "What You Waiting For?" and "Rich Girl", had both reached number four. His survival, which no one thought possible, made news throughout the world. However, in the United Kingdom, "Hollaback Girl" did not perform as well as might have been expected from previous releases. Roger was plucked from the roiling plunge pool beneath the Horseshoe Falls after grabbing a life ring thrown to him by the crew of the Maid of the Mist boat. It was released in Australia on May 23, 2005 and in Europe on June 6, 2005; it debuted at number one in Australia for one week, and also peaked at number one in Iceland for two weeks. In what some called the "Miracle at Niagara", Roger Woodward, a seven-year-old American boy, was swept over the Horseshoe Falls protected only by a life vest in July, 1960, as two tourists pulled his 17-year-old sister Deanne from the river at the lip of the American Falls. In the rest of the world, reaction to "Hollaback Girl" was generally positive, but not as overwhelming as it had been in North America. Englishman Captain Matthew Webb, the first man to swim the English Channel, drowned in 1883 after unsuccessfully trying to swim across the whirlpools and rapids downriver from the Falls.

It remained in the top forty of the chart for the following four months. Their wires ran across the gorge, near the current Rainbow Bridge, not over the waterfall itself. Six weeks after its release, the song reached number one, where it remained for three weeks before descending the chart. Starting with the successful passage by Jean François "Blondin" Gravelet in 1859, tightrope walkers have drawn large crowds to their exploits. The success of "Hollaback Girl" was duplicated in Canada, where the song debuted at number twelve on the Canadian Singles Chart. Other daredevils have made crossing the Falls their goal. Due to its downloads, it reached number one on both digital sales charts, the Hot Digital Songs and Hot Digital Tracks, concurrently. Magician David Copperfield more recently added his name to the list of these daredevils, successfully travelling (or perhaps, appearing to travel) over the Falls in 1990.

"Hollaback Girl" exceeded one million digital downloads for the week ending October 4, 2005, and was the first single to ever accomplish this; it was certified 5× platinum. Survivors of such stunts face charges and stiff fines, as it is illegal, on both sides of the border, to attempt to go over the Falls. However, Stefani did not hold the record for long, and in September 2005 it was broken by Kanye West's and Jamie Foxx's "Gold Digger". Some have survived unharmed, but others have drowned or been severely injured. The record had previously been held by 50 Cent's "Candy Shop", which sold approximately 50,000 downloads. Since Taylor's historic ride, 14 other people have intentionally gone over the Falls in or on a device. It was the best-selling digital download for the latter three weeks of May 2005, and broke the record for the most downloads sold in one week, totaling over 60,000. In 1901, 63-year-old Annie Edson Taylor was the first person to go over the Falls in a barrel; she survived virtually unharmed.

Digitally, "Hollaback Girl" also broke many records. This began a long tradition of daredevils trying to go over the Falls and survive. Both positions were the highest that a non-R&B/hip hop solo artist had attained in the 2000s. In October 1829, Sam Patch, who called himself The Yankee Leaper, jumped over the Horseshoe Falls and became the first known person to survive the plunge. The song was also a crossover success, and reached number four on the Rhythmic Top 40, and number eight on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart. It will be very difficult to solve the problem. "Hollaback Girl" was a small success in the dance clubs, and only peaked at number fifteen on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart; it performed better on the Dance Radio Airplay by reaching the top five. The result is that the viewing areas on the Canadian side are now often obscured by a layer of mist from the falls.

It peaked at number one on the Billboard Pop 100 for eight weeks, and topped its component chart, the Billboard Pop 100 Airplay, for four weeks. Students at the University of Guelph demonstrated, using scale models, that the air passes overtop of the new hotels, which causes a breeze to roll forward down the south sides of the buildings and spill down into the gorge under the falls, where it feeds into a whirlpool of moisture and air. However, some argue that the song achieved this due to its hip hop–influenced production. Recent construction of several tall buildings (most of them hotels) on the Canadian side of the falls has caused the airflow over the falls to change direction. "Hollaback Girl" reaching number one on the Hot 100 made it the first non-R&B, non-hip hop, or non-American Idol song to reach number one since Nickelback's "How You Remind Me" in early 2002. Even after this undertaking, Luna Island, the small piece of land between the main waterfall and the Bridal Veil, remained off limits to the public for years owing to fears that it was unstable and could collapse into the gorge at any time. It was removed from the Hot 100 for the week ending October 29, 2005. A plan to remove the huge mound of talus deposited in 1954 was abandoned owing to cost, and in November 1969, the temporary dam was dynamited, restoring flow to the American Falls.

The single spent thirty-three weeks on the Billboard Hot 100, thirty-one of which were in the top fifty. In June of that year, the Niagara River was completely diverted away from the American Falls for several months through the building of a temporary rock and earth dam (clearly visible in the photo at right), effectively shutting off the American Falls.5 While the Horseshoe Falls absorbed the extra flow, the US Army Corps of Engineers studied the riverbed and mechanically bolted faults which would otherwise have hastened the retreat of the American Falls. It maintained the number-one for four weeks. The most dramatic such work was performed in 1969. number-one. In addition to the effects of diversion of water to the power stations, erosion control efforts have included underwater weirs to redirect the most damaging currents, and actual mechanical strengthening of the top of the Falls. chart, at number eighty-two, and within six weeks of its release, it had reached the number-one position, making it the fastest-rising single to reach the top in 2005; it also became Stefani's first U.S. In 1950, the two countries signed the Niagara River Water Diversion Treaty, which more specifically addressed the issue of water diversion.

"Hollaback Girl" entered the Billboard Hot 100, the main U.S. On January 2, 1929 Canada and the United States reached an agreement on an action plan to preserve the Falls. The single was officially solicited to radio in North America on April 5, 2005, although the music video had been released two weeks earlier, on March 21. This process was slowed initially by diversion of increasing amounts of flow from the Niagara River into hydroelectric plants in both the United States and Canada. It ranked higher than other number-one singles such as Céline Dion's "My Heart Will Go On" (number three) and the Spice Girls' "Wannabe" (number five). Until the modern era, the Falls were receding southward owing to erosion from two to ten feet (0.6 to 3.0 m) per year. Nick Sylvester of Pitchfork insulted the track, referring to it as a "Queen pastiche [...] which has about as much club potential as a 13-year old with a milk moustache and his dad's ID."[10] Maxim was not thrilled with the song either, and in their September 2005 issue, published a list of the 20 Most Annoying Songs Ever; "Hollaback Girl" came in first place. On the Canadian side, the Niagara Parks Commission governs land usage along the entire course of the Niagara River, from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

And on top of that, The Neptunes' beats are clunky and the production is senselessly bombastic."[9]. Both organizations have proved remarkably successful operations that have restricted development on both sides of the Falls and the Niagara River. A 35-year-old woman singing about pom-poms and 'talking shit' in high school betrays such a delusional self-image that it's hard not to be taken aback. In the same year, Ontario established the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park for the same purpose. I’d quote the lyrics, but they’re so bad, I almost feel sorry for her. In 1885, New York state to begin to purchase land from developers, under the charter of the Niagara Reservation State Park. On the other hand, Jason Damas, in a review for PopMatters, described the song as sounding "almost exactly like Dizzee Rascal", and added, "lyrically, this is where Gwen sinks the lowest here, especially on a breakdown where she repeats, 'This shit is bananas/ B-A-N-A-N-A-S!' several times".[8] Eric Greenwood of DrawerB commented: "[The song is] moronic and embarrassingly tuneless. A series of Harrison's letters to newspapers in Boston and New York (collected in the 1882 pamphlet The Condition of Niagara Falls, and the Measures Needed to Preserve Them) were particularly influential in turning public opinion in favor of preservation [3].

Baby. album, wrote: "Stefani's gum-snapping sass brings out the beast in her beatmasters, especially the Neptunes in 'Hollaback Girl'."[6] Blender listed it as the eleventh best song of 2005.[7]. Public dissatisfaction led to the Free Niagara movement, which included the artist Frederick Church, the landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, and the journalist Jonathan Baxter Harrison. Music. Development and commercial ventures threatened the natural beauty of the area, and visitors sometimes had to pay entrepreneurs a fee to view the Falls through holes in a fence. Angel. For the first two centuries after European settlement of the area, land on both sides of Niagara Falls was privately owned. LAUNCHcast's Jennifer Nine described it as a "stomping, stripped-back track",[3] while All Music Guide said that it had the "thumping, minimal beats of The Neptunes."[4] Richard Smirke called it "a trademark Neptunes hip-hop stomp."[5] Rolling Stone was pleased with the song, and in their review for Stefani's Love. Nearby Niagara Falls International Airport and Buffalo Niagara International Airport were named after the waterfall, as were Niagara University, countless local businesses, and even one celestial body.4.

"Hollaback Girl" had a polarizing effect on music critics. The twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario and Niagara Falls, New York are connected by three bridges, including the Rainbow Bridge, just downriver from the Falls, which affords the closest view of the Falls, the Whirpool Bridge, and the newest bridge, the Lewiston-Queenston Bridge, located near the escarpment. Another reference to Queen is made with the ending lyric of a verse 'another one bites the dust', the title of their most disco-influenced song written by bassist John Deacon; the bass riff of this song accompanies the music for the short period while this line is spoken. Since then the region has declined economically. It uses a Rick Rubin remix of the late '70s Queen hit single, We Will Rock You which was also used by Jay-Z for his single 99 Problems. While the seaway diverted water traffic from nearby Buffalo and led to the demise of its steel and grain mills, other industries in the Niagara River valley flourished until the 1970s with the help of the electric power produced by the river. Each time the chorus is sung, the number of instruments increases. Ships can bypass Niagara Falls by means of the Welland Canal, which in the 1960s was improved and incorporated into the Saint Lawrence Seaway.

It is primarily anthemic and beat-driven. The project is expected to be completed in 2009, and will increase Sir Adam Beck's yearly output by about 1.6 TW·h. "Hollaback Girl" features few instruments. In August 2005, Ontario Power Generation, which is now responsible for the Sir Adam Beck stations, announced plans to build a new 10.4 km tunnel to tap water from farther up the Niagara river than is possible with the existing arrangement. However, "Hollaback" had gained popularity in 2002, when it was featured in the Fabolous hit "Young'n (Holla Back)." After Fabolous sang the hook "Holla back, young'n," the line was immediately followed by background vocals responding with "Whoo-whoo!". All together, Niagara's generating stations can produce about 4.4 GW of power. Urban Dictionary claims that hollaback girl means, "someone who allows people to treat him/her like a doormat and walk all over him/her", and credits the term's invention to Stefani. The most powerful hydroelectric stations on the Niagara River are Sir Adam Beck 1 and 2 on the Canadian side, and the Robert Moses Niagara Power Plant and the Lewiston Pump Generating Plant on the American side.

In a line-by-line analysis of the song's lyrics, OC Weekly reviewer Greg Stacy speculated that "Gwen is apparently the captain of the cheerleader squad; she is the girl who 'hollas' the chants, not one of the girls who simply 'hollas' them back". The water then passes through hydroelectric turbines that supply power to nearby areas of the United States and Canada before returning to the river well past the Falls. Stefani never explained what the term hollaback girl means. Currently between 50% and 75% of the Niagara River's flow is diverted via four huge tunnels that arise far upstream from the waterfalls. The word is excised in the North American and Australian radio and music video versions. The Government of Ontario eventually brought power transmission operations under public control in 1906, distributing Niagara's energy to various parts of that province. Near the end of the song, she additionally states that "this shit is bananas", and elaborates on that by asserting, "B-A-N-A-N-A-S." The song contains profanity, using the word "shit" thirty-eight times. Private companies on the Canadian side also began to harness the energy of the Falls, employing both domestic and American firms in their efforts.

In "Hollaback Girl", Stefani declares that, although she has been "around the track" a few times, she "ain't no hollaback girl". Morgan, John Jacob Astor IV, and the Vanderbilts, they had constructed giant underground conduits leading to turbines generating upwards of 100,000 horsepower (75 MW), and were sending power as far as Buffalo, twenty miles (32 km) away. I knew I wanted a song like that."[2]. By 1896, with financing from moguls like J.P. Commenting later, Stefani explained, "I did the whole record, but I knew I didn't have my attitude song — my 'this is my history, fuck you because you can't erase it' song. In 1883, the Niagara Falls Power Company, a descendant of Schoellkopf's firm, hired George Westinghouse to design a system to generate alternating current. We have to write another song.' I'm greedy."[1] Although at the time Stefani felt there were already too many songs for the album, she and Williams completed "Hollaback Girl". When Nikola Tesla, for whom a memorial was later built at Niagara Falls, invented the three-phase system of alternating current power transmission, distant transfer of electricity became possible.

I can't believe I'm sitting in here with you right now, and you have these songs. In 1881, under the leadership of Jacob Schoellkopf, enough power was produced to send direct current to illuminate both the Falls themselves and nearby Niagara Falls village. So I'm like, 'You are a fricking genius. In 1853, the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Mining Company was chartered, which eventually constructed the canals which would be used to generate electricity. If something's really good, I get really jealous. Augustus and Peter Porter purchased this area and all of American Falls in 1805 from the New York state government, and enlarged the original canal to provide hydraulic power for their gristmill and tannery. I wanted to go home, but he was like, 'Don't leave yet.' So I come back, and he starts playing me his solo album. The first known effort to harness the waters was in 1759, when Daniel Joncairs built a small canal above the Falls to power his sawmill.

Stefani commented, "I was tired. The enormous energy of the Falls was long recognized as a potential source of power. Before her departure, Williams called her back into the studio. The story of Niagara Falls in the 20th century is largely that of efforts to harness the energy of the Falls for hydroelectric power and to control the rampant development on both the American and Canadian sides which threatened the area's natural beauty. Stefani and Pharrell Williams wrote two songs together, but Stefani was soon prepared to abandon the effort. Especially after World War One, tourism boomed again as automobiles made getting to the Falls much easier. She regained her confidence as the album neared completion, and approached The Neptunes for a second attempt. In 1941 the Niagara Falls Bridge Commission completed the third current crossing in the immediate area of Niagara Falls with the Rainbow Bridge, carrying both pedestrian and vehicular traffic.

However, a case of writer's block left early collaborations uninspired and unsuccessful. just below the Falls. Stefani had worked with The Neptunes during the early stages of writing her album. Known today as the Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, it carries vehicles, trains, and pedestrians between Canada and the U.S. . The first steel archway bridge near the Falls was completed in 1897. As of December 10th 2005, the song was nominated for the 2006 Grammy awards for "Record of the Year" and "Best Female Pop Vocal Performance". In 1886 Leffert Buck replaced Roebling's wood and stone bridge with the predominantly steel bridge that still carries trains over the Niagara River today.

In the United States, "Hollaback Girl" became the first digital download to exceed sales of one million. This was supplanted by German-American John Augustus Roebling's Niagara Falls Suspension Bridge in 1855. Besides being Stefani's first number-one single, "Hollaback Girl" was also the first non hip-hop, non American Idol number one hit since late 2001. Demand for passage over the Niagara River led in 1848 to the building of a footbridge and then Charles Ellet's Niagara Suspension Bridge. Despite receiving a mixed reception from critics, it became an international success, peaking at number one in Australia and Canada, number eight in the United Kingdom, and number one in the United States. Napoleon's brother visited with his bride in the early 19th century. Baby. in the spring of 2005. During the 19th century tourism became popular, and it was the area's main industry by mid-century.

Music. Hennepin County in Minnesota was named after Father Louis Hennepin. Angel. His subsequently discredited claim that he also traveled the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico cast some doubt on the validity of his writings and sketches of Niagara Falls. "Hollaback Girl" was released as the third single from Love. Hennepin also first described the Saint Anthony Falls in Minnesota. The central lyrical theme revolves around Stefani's declaration that she "ain't no hollaback girl". Some credit Finnish-Swedish naturalist Pehr Kalm with the original first-hand description, penned during an expedition to the area early in the 18th century.3 Most historians however agree that Father Louis Hennepin observed and described the Falls much earlier, in 1677, after traveling in the region with explorer René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, thus bringing them to the world's attention.

The anthemic, beat-driven track was produced by Williams and Chad Hugo of The Neptunes. Members of his party reported to him on the spectacular waterfalls, which he wrote of in his journals but may never have actually visited. Baby (2004). The area was visited by Samuel de Champlain as early as 1604. Music. Some controversy exists over which European first gave a written, eyewitness description of the Falls. Angel. He-No caught her as she plummeted, and together their spirits are said to live forever in the Thunder God's sanctuary behind the Falls.

"Hollaback Girl" is a pop song written by American singer-songwriter Gwen Stefani and producer Pharrell Williams for Stefani's debut solo album, Love. She paddled her canoe into the swift current of the Niagara River and was swept over the brink. Retrieved from http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1497721/20050303/story.jhtml on November 23, 2005. Rather than marry, Lelawala chose to sacrifice herself to her true love He-No, the Thunder God, who dwelled in a cave behind the Horseshoe Falls. "Gwen Stefani Answers No Doubt Fans With 'Attitude Song'". Native American legend tells of Lelawala, a beautiful maid betrothed by her father to a brave she despised. Retrieved from http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=hollaback. The name "Niagara" is said to originate from an Iroquois word "Onguiaahra" meaning "The Strait." The region's original inhabitants were the Ongiara, an Iroquois tribe named the Neutrals by French settlers, who found them helpful in mediating disputes with other tribes.

Urban Dictionary. This volume is further halved at night, when most of the diversion to hydroelectric facilities occur. 23, 2005). The volume of water approaching the Falls during peak flow season is 202,000 ft³/s (5,720 m³/s).1,2 During the summer months, when maximum diversion of water for hydroelectric power occurs, 100,000 ft³/s (2,832 m³/s) of water actually traverses the Falls, some 90% of which goes over the Horseshoe Falls. (Nov. The larger Canadian Falls are about 2,600 feet (792 m) wide, while the American Falls are 1,060 feet (323 m) wide. "Hollaback Girl". The Falls drop about 170 feet (52 m), although the American Falls have a clear drop of only 70 feet (21 m) before reaching a jumble of fallen rocks which were deposited by a massive rock slide in 1954.

Retrieved from http://www.edisonresearch.com/home/archives/2005/05/index.html on November 15, 2005. Engineers are working to reduce the rate of erosion to retard this event as long as possible. "Hollaback Girl's spiritual antecedent 'Mickey'". Although erosion and recession have been slowed in this century by engineering, the falls will eventually recede far enough to drain most of Lake Erie, the bottom of which is higher than the bottom of the falls. ARC Weekly Top 40 information. Just upstream from the Falls' current location, Goat Island splits the course of the Niagara River, resulting in the separation of the Horseshoe Falls to the west from the American and Bridal Veil Falls to the east. Rock on the Net. The original Niagara Falls were near the sites of present-day Lewiston, New York, and Queenston, Ontario, but erosion of their crest has caused the waterfalls to retreat several miles southward.

12, 2005). All three formations were laid down in an ancient sea, and their differences of character derive from changing conditions within that sea. "No Doubt" (Nov. Submerged in the river in the lower valley, hidden from view, is the Queenston Formation (Upper Ordovician), which is composed of shales and fine sandstones. Retrieved from http://charly1300.site.voila.fr/planetcharts.htm on November 12, 2005. Because it erodes more easily, the river has undercut the hard cap rock and created the falls. Charly-1300. It is mainly shale, though it has some thin limestone layers, and contains large quantities of fossils.

"70 Countries Worldwide Number 1 Hit Singles, week of August 5" (2005). Immediately below, comprising about two thirds of the cliff is the weaker, softer and more crumbly and sloping Rochester Formation (Lower Silurian). Club favorite "Hollaback Girl" crosses one million digital downloads—the first track ever to hit that mark. It is composed of very dense, hard and very strong limestone and dolostone. Retrieved from http://www.mp3.com/stories/1857.htmlhttp://www.mp3.com/stories/1857.html on November 12, 2005. The aerial photo clearly shows the hard caprock, the Lockport Formation (Middle Silurian), which underlies the rapids above the falls and approximately the upper third of the gorge wall. Mp3.com. When the newly established river encountered the erosion-resistant Lockport dolostone, the hard layer eroded much more slowly than the underlying softer rocks.

"Gwen Stefani single hits digital platinum". Three major formations are exposed in the gorge that was cut by the Niagara River. MuchMusic countdown data. In doing so it exposed old marine rocks that are much older than the geologically recent glaciation. Retrieved from http://www.muchmusic.com on November 6, 2005. In time the river cut a gorge across the Niagara Escarpment, the north facing cliff or cuesta formed by erosion of the southwardly dipping (tilted) and resistant Lockport formation between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. MuchMusic.com. After the ice melted back, drainage from the upper Great Lakes became the present-day Niagara River, which could not follow the old filled valley, so it found the lowest outlet on the rearranged topography.

(2005). It is thought that there is an old valley, buried by glacial drift, at the approximate location of the present Welland Canal. International charting information. It dammed others with debris, forcing these rivers to make new channels. Retrieved from http://top40-charts.com on October 30, 2005. The glacier drove through the area like a giant bulldozer, grinding up rocks and soil, moving them around, and deepening some river channels to make lakes. Top40-Charts.com. Both the North American Great Lakes and the Niagara River are effects of this last continental ice sheet, an enormous glacier that crept across the area from eastern Canada.

(2005). The historical roots of Niagara Falls lie in the Wisconsin glaciation, which ended some 10,000 years ago. Stefani discusses her inspiration for writing "Hollaback Girl". . Retrieved from http://www.contactmusic.com/new/home.nsf/webpages/gwenstefanix28x04x05 on October 30, 2005. A popular tourist site for over a century, the natural wonder is shared between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, New York and Niagara Falls, Ontario. Contactmusic.com. Niagara Falls is renowned for its beauty, and is both a valuable source of hydroelectric power and a challenging project for environmental preservation.

"Hollaback Girl". With more than 168,000 cubic metres (6 million cubic feet) of water falling over the crestline every minute [1] it is the most powerful waterfall in North America [2] and possibly the best-known in the world. Information from Billboard magazine charts. While not exceptionally high, Niagara Falls is very wide. Retrieved from http://www.billboard.com on October 30, 2005. Niagara Falls (French: chutes Niagara) comprises three separate waterfalls: the Horseshoe Falls (sometimes called the Canadian Falls), the American Falls, and the smaller, adjacent Bridal Veil Falls. Billboard.com. Niagara Falls (43°4′54.68″N, 79°4′19.5″W) is a set of massive waterfalls located on the Niagara River in eastern North America, on the border between the United States and Canada.

(2005). Jeckell, Barry A., managing ed. 27, 2005. Retrieved Nov.

^  Rolling Stone. Blender (January): 79.. The 100 Greatest Songs of 2005. ^  (2006).

25, 2005. Retrieved Nov. Rolling Stone. ^  Gwen Stefani "Love Angel Music Baby".

19, 2005. Retrieved Nov. MTV.com. ^  Gwen Stefani Answers No Doubt Fans With 'Attitude Song'.

3, 2005. Retrieved Nov. November 24, 2004. Pitchfork.

Gwen Stefani's Love Angel Music Baby. ^  Sylvester, Nick. 31, 2005. Retrieved Oct.

DrawerB. Gwen Stefani - Love Angel Music Baby. ^  Greenwood, Eric. 31, 2005.

Retrieved Oct. November 29, 2004. PopMatters. GWEN STEFANI - Love.Angel.Music.Baby.

^  Damas, Jason. 31, 2005. Retrieved Oct. November 23, 2004.

PlayLouder. Baby. Music. Angel.

Love. ^  Smirke, Richard. 31, 2005. Retrieved Oct.

All Music Guide. Love.Angel.Music.Baby. ^  Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. 31, 2005.

Retrieved Oct. November 25, 2004. Gwen Stefani - 'Love, Angel, Music, Baby' LAUNCHcast. ^  Nine, Jennifer.

"Hollaback Girl" (Tyler Dunphy kardance mix). "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix by Diplo). "Hollaback Girl" (album version). "Hollaback Girl" (CD-ROM video).

"Hollaback Girl" (instrumental). "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix by Diplo). "Hollaback Girl" (album version). "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix—a cappella).

"Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix—instrumental). "Hollaback Girl" (Hollatronix remix). "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal—radio). "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal—clean).

"Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal). "Hollaback Girl" (a cappella—dirty album version). "Hollaback Girl" (instrumental). "Hollaback Girl" (dirty album version).

"Hollaback Girl" (a cappella—radio clean version). "Hollaback Girl" (instrumental). "Hollaback Girl" (radio clean version). "Hollaback Girl" (Dancehollaback remix by Tony Kanal).

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