Halliburton

For other uses, see Haliburton.
For information on the early 20th century explorer of the same name, see Richard Halliburton

Halliburton Energy Services NYSE: HAL is a multinational corporation based in Houston, Texas. With revenues exceeding $20.46 (billion U.S. FY 2004) and over 95,000 employees, Halliburton operates in two major business segments. The Energy Services Group provides technical products and services for oil and gas exploration and production. The KBR group is a major construction company of mainly refineries, oilfields & pipelines, and chemical plants.

Business Overview

Energy Services, the company's historical bedrock, includes: drilling & formation evaluation, digital & consulting solutions, production volume optimization, and fluid Systems. This business continues to be profitable, and the company is a world leader in this industry; Schlumberger is the company's closest competitor.

With the acquisition of Dresser Industries in 1998, the Kellogg-Brown & Root division (in 2002 renamed to KBR) was formed by merging Halliburton's Brown & Root (acquired 1962) subsidiary and the M.W. Kellogg division of Dresser (which Dresser had merged with in 1988). KBR is a major international construction company, which is a highly volatile undertaking subject to wild fluctuations in revenue and profit. Asbestos-related litigation from the Kellogg acquisition caused the company to book over $4.0 (billion U.S.) in losses from 2002 through 2004.

As a result of the asbestos-related costs, Halliburton lost approximately $900 million U.S. a year from 2002 through 2004.

At a meeting for investors and analysts in August 2004, a plan was outlined to divest the KBR division through a possible sale, spin-off or initial public offering. Analysts at Deutsche Bank value KBR at up to $2.15 billion, while others believe it could be worth closer to $3 billion by the time management decides what to do with the business in 2005.

History

1919 to 1990

Mr. and Mrs. Erle P. Halliburton first tried to find work cementing oil wells in Burkburnett, Texas then moved their business (New Method Oil Well Cementing Company) to the Healdton field near Ardmore, Oklahoma.

  • 1920: reorganized - Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company
  • 1921: headquarters - Duncan, Oklahoma
  • 1924: incorporation
  • 1948: New York Stock Exchange listing
  • 1957: acquisition of Welex Jet Services of Fort Worth, Texas
  • 1960: name shortened to Halliburton Company
  • 1961: headquarters - Dallas, Texas
  • 1962: acquisition of Brown and Root of Houston, Texas
  • 1988: acquisition of Geophysical Service Incorporated from Texas Instruments
  • 198?: acquisition of Geosource
  • 198?: Halliburton Logging Services
  • 1982: workforce - 115,000
  • 1982: energy industry decline
  • 1991: workforce - 73,000

1990s

  • In the aftermath of Operation Desert Storm in Kuwait in 1991, Halliburton crews helped bring 320 burning oil wells under control.
  • In the early 1990s Halliburton was found to be in violation of federal trade barriers in Iraq and Libya, having sold these countries dual-use oil drilling equipment and, through its former subsidiary, Halliburton Logging Services, sending six pulse neutron generators to Libya. After having pleaded guilty, the company was fined $1.2 million, with another $2.61 million in penalties.
  • In the Balkans conflict in the 1990s, KBR supported U.S. peacekeeping forces in Bosnia, Croatia and Hungary with food, laundry, transportation and other lifecycle management services.
  • In 1995 Dick Cheney became chairman and CEO
  • In 1998 Halliburton merged with Dresser Industries, which included Kellogg.


2000s

  • On 10 April 2001 the Dresser division (excluding the former Kellogg division) entered an agreement to separate itself once again from Halliburton by management purchasing its equity, the new company to be called Dresser Inc.
  • In 2001 it was reported by The Wall Street Journal that a subsidiary of Halliburton Energy Services called Halliburton Products and Services Ltd. opened an office in Tehran. The company, HPS, operated "behind an unmarked door on the ninth floor of a new north Tehran tower block." Although HPS was incorporated in the Cayman Islands in 1975 and is "non-American", it shares both the logo and name of Halliburton Energy Services and, according to Dow Jones Newswires offers services from Halliburton units world-wide through its Tehran office. Such behaviour, undertaken while Cheney was CEO of Halliburton, may have violated the Trading with the Enemy Act. A Halliburton spokesman, responding to inquiries from Dow Jones, said "This is not breaking any laws. This is a foreign subsidiary and no US person is involved in this. No US person is facilitating any transaction. We are not performing directly in that country." No legal action has been taken against the company or its officials.
  • In 2002, Judicial Watch, a public action lawfirm, filed suit on behalf of shareholders against Halliburton, its current and former directors, and its accounting firm, Arthur Andersen LLP and Arthur Andersen Worldwide, for alleged accounting irregularities, said to be profit inflation by accounting for cost overruns as revenue. The Securities and Exchange Commission investigated the same issue. Halliburton counters that the practice was approved by its accounting firm, Arthur Andersen, and conforms to generally accepted accounting practices. In August, 2004, Halliburton paid a $7.5 million fine to settle the issue.
  • In April 2002, KBR was awarded a $7 million contract to construct steel holding cells at Camp X-Ray. More recently, the subsidiary was awarded a no-bid contract to conduct oil well firefighting in Iraq worth an estimated $1 billion. In May 2003, Halliburton's role under contract with regard to Iraqi oilfields was expanded to include "operation of facilities and distribution of products". [1]
  • In May 2003, Halliburton revealed in a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission that its KBR subsidiary had paid a Nigerian official $2.4 million in bribes in order to receive favorable tax treatment. [2] [3]
  • As of 2003, Halliburton was still operating in Iran. CNN, in a report entitled "US companies are operating in Iran despite sanctions," reported that a Halliburton spokesperson told the news agency that HPS helps Iran build oil rigs in the country's south.

Iraq Controversy

Wikinews has news related to this article: Civilians testify to Halliburton fraud, coercion

KBR has contracts in Iraq worth up to $18 billion, including a single no-bid contract known as "Restore Iraqi Oil" (RIO) which has an estimated worth of $7 billion.

Today KBR employ over 30,000 men and women in Iraq. Halliburton's work in Iraq is diverse and complicated. In addition to troop support, Halliburton also provides air traffic control support; produces 74 million gallons of water a month for consumption, hygiene and laundry; deploys as many as 700 trucks a day to deliver essentials to American forces; and provides firefighter and crash-rescue services, as well as working to restore Iraqi oil infrastructure.

Despite cronyism allegations, the company's contracts in Iraq are much less profitable than its core energy business. They are expected to have generated more than $13 billion in sales by the time they start to expire in 2006 but most offer low margins - less than 2% on average in 2003 and just 1.4% this year for the logistics work.

Halliburton is the only company mentioned by terrorist Osama bin Laden in an April 2004 tape where he claims that "this is a war [in Iraq] that is benefiting major companies with billions of dollars."

An audit of KBR by The Pentagon’s Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) found $108 million in "questioned costs" and, as of mid-March 2005, said they still had "major" unresolved issues with Halliburton.

Dick Cheney ties

In recent years the company has become the center of many controversies involving the 2003 Iraq War and the company's ties to US Vice President Dick Cheney.

Bill Gertz, defense reporter for The Washington Times, wrote: "Vice President Dick Cheney was chief executive officer of Halliburton from 1995 until 2000, and Democrats repeatedly have tried to link the administration to claims of government favoritism toward the firm." [4].

Cheney retired from the company during the 2000 U.S. presidential election campaign with a severance package worth $20 million.

Cheney's deferred compensation from Halliburton, which appeared on Cheney's 2001 financial disclosure statement, generated an income between $50,000 to $100,000 for the vice president. Dick Cheney also retains 433,000 share-equivalent unexercised stock options at Halliburton.

On the question of Cheney's deferred compensation from Halliburton, officials of the Bush-Cheney campaign said that before entering office in 2001, Cheney bought an insurance policy that guaranteed a fixed amount of deferred payments from Halliburton each year for five years so that the payments would not depend on the company's fortunes. The officials also said he had promised to donate to charity any after-tax profits he made from exercising his stock options. These steps are not unusual for corporate executives who enter government.

Allegations of fraud

Allegations of fraud by Halliburton, specifically with regard to its operations in Iraq, have persisted since before the Iraq War. The associations between U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney and Halliburton, had led many to speculate with regard to improprieties and profiteering from the war.

On June 27, 2005, the Democratic Party held a public committee, aired on C-SPAN 3, at which former civilian employees based in or administering operations in Iraq, testified to specific instances of waste, fraud, and other abuses and irregularities by Halliburton and its subsidiary Kellogg, Brown and Root (KBR).

Among the senators and representatives present at the hearing were Byron Dorgan (presiding), Henry Waxman, Frank Lautenberg, and Mark Dayton.

Among those testifying were Bunny Greenhouse, former Chief Contracting Officer of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Rory Mayberry, former Food Program Manager for Halliburton subsidiary, and Allan Waller, of the Lloyd-Owen International security and operations firm.

Greenhouse, who provided the bulk of testimony, spoke for several minutes about her involvement in the evaluation and crafting of government Army contracts, and explaining how her superiors undermined and dismissed her concerns of illegal business practices. "Ultimately my main was concern was the repeated insistence RIO contract be awarded to KBR without competitive bidding," Greenhouse said. She testified to have been given misinformation in answer to her complaints, saying she was "overtly misled."

Mayberry, still in Iraq, testified by video from questions prepared by the committee. He said that KBR routinely sold expired food rations to the Army.

The recorded interviewer asked, "Are you saying that Halliburton deliberately falsified the number of meals they prepared and then submitted false claims for reimbursement and that they did this to make up for past amounts auditors had disallowed?" Mayberry firmly answered "yes." He said that serving expired food rations was "an everyday occurrence, sometimes every meal." He also explained that Halliburton systematically overcharged for the number of meals as well, saying, "they were charging for 20,000 meals and they were only serving 10,000 meals." Dorgan later commented, "obviously there's no honor here, by a company that would serve outdated food to our troops in Iraq."

Mayberry also claimed would-be whistleblowers were threatened "to be sent to Falluja" and other "places under fire" if they talked to media or governmental oversight officials. In 2003 and 2004, Falluja had been well known as dangerous for foreign troops and civilians. "I personally was sent to Falluja for three weeks. The manager told me that I was being sent away until the auditors were gone, because I had talked to the auditors," Mayberry said.

"The threat of being sent to a camp under fire was their way of keeping us quiet. The employees who talked to auditors were sent to camps under more fire than other camps, and Anaconda." This report led Dorgan and others to voice considerable outrage.

Allan Waller testified to specific examples of how KBR officials had conspired in blocking of Lloyd-Owen fuel transports, and using other coersive means against is competitor. British based Lloyd-Owen has a direct contract with the Iraq government to provide fuel to various parts of the country.

In his introductory remarks, Dorgan explained that Senate Republicans had blocked any attempts at having a formal bi-partisan hearing, resulting in a separate committee.


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In his introductory remarks, Dorgan explained that Senate Republicans had blocked any attempts at having a formal bi-partisan hearing, resulting in a separate committee. Paradoxically, many media organizations that use these terms are, in fact, aiming to eliminate bias, on the basis that one person's "terrorist" is another person's "freedom fighter"; these words are avoided because they imply that the writer either supports or opposes the attacks carried out by such people. British based Lloyd-Owen has a direct contract with the Iraq government to provide fuel to various parts of the country. Accusations of bias are often prompted by the use of neutral words such as 'militants' or 'guerrillas'. Allan Waller testified to specific examples of how KBR officials had conspired in blocking of Lloyd-Owen fuel transports, and using other coersive means against is competitor. Similarly, Reuters is accused by the left of exhibiting a pro-west and pro-corporate bias, being itself a western multinational corporation, based in London. The employees who talked to auditors were sent to camps under more fire than other camps, and Anaconda." This report led Dorgan and others to voice considerable outrage. It has been pejoratively referred to as Al Reuters which is a reference to the Al Jazeera television channel.

"The threat of being sent to a camp under fire was their way of keeping us quiet. However, the company, along with many other major media organizations, has been accused by American right-wing and conservative people of showing left-wing or liberal bias. The manager told me that I was being sent away until the auditors were gone, because I had talked to the auditors," Mayberry said. Reuters has asserted adherence to principles of journalistic integrity ([3]). "I personally was sent to Falluja for three weeks. In March 2003, Reuters acquired Multex.com, Inc., a provider of global financial information. In 2003 and 2004, Falluja had been well known as dangerous for foreign troops and civilians. In October 2001, the Group disposed of its majority stake in VentureOne Corp.

Mayberry also claimed would-be whistleblowers were threatened "to be sent to Falluja" and other "places under fire" if they talked to media or governmental oversight officials. Also during the year, the Group acquired 100% of Diagram fip SA and 92% of ProTrader Group LP. The recorded interviewer asked, "Are you saying that Halliburton deliberately falsified the number of meals they prepared and then submitted false claims for reimbursement and that they did this to make up for past amounts auditors had disallowed?" Mayberry firmly answered "yes." He said that serving expired food rations was "an everyday occurrence, sometimes every meal." He also explained that Halliburton systematically overcharged for the number of meals as well, saying, "they were charging for 20,000 meals and they were only serving 10,000 meals." Dorgan later commented, "obviously there's no honor here, by a company that would serve outdated food to our troops in Iraq.". On September 28, 2001, completed the largest acquisition in its history acquired certain businesses and assets of Bridge Information Systems Inc. He said that KBR routinely sold expired food rations to the Army. In May 2001 Instinet completed an IPO on NASDAQ; Reuters retains the majority of the shares. Mayberry, still in Iraq, testified by video from questions prepared by the committee. Reuters announced in early 2000 a range of major initiatives designed to accelerate its use of internet technologies, open new markets and migrate its core business to an internet-based model.

She testified to have been given misinformation in answer to her complaints, saying she was "overtly misled.". In July 1999 TIBCO completed an IPO on NASDAQ; Reuters retains a substantial proportion of the shares. "Ultimately my main was concern was the repeated insistence RIO contract be awarded to KBR without competitive bidding," Greenhouse said. In May 1999, Reuters entered a joint venture with long-time rival, Dow Jones & Company, to form Factiva [2], a business news and information provider. Greenhouse, who provided the bulk of testimony, spoke for several minutes about her involvement in the evaluation and crafting of government Army contracts, and explaining how her superiors undermined and dismissed her concerns of illegal business practices. Notable investments include:. Army Corps of Engineers, Rory Mayberry, former Food Program Manager for Halliburton subsidiary, and Allan Waller, of the Lloyd-Owen International security and operations firm. Robinson starred in a Hollywood film about the company called A Dispatch from Reuters.

Among those testifying were Bunny Greenhouse, former Chief Contracting Officer of the U.S. In 1940, Edward G. Among the senators and representatives present at the hearing were Byron Dorgan (presiding), Henry Waxman, Frank Lautenberg, and Mark Dayton. In 1995, Reuters established its "Greenhouse Fund" to take minority investments in a range of start-up technology companies, initially in the United States. On June 27, 2005, the Democratic Party held a public committee, aired on C-SPAN 3, at which former civilian employees based in or administering operations in Iraq, testified to specific instances of waste, fraud, and other abuses and irregularities by Halliburton and its subsidiary Kellogg, Brown and Root (KBR). A Reuters Radio News service was also set up to compete with Independent Radio News. Vice President Dick Cheney and Halliburton, had led many to speculate with regard to improprieties and profiteering from the war. In the mid-1990s the company had a brief foray into the radio sector with London Radio's two stations, London News 97.3 FM and London News Talk 1152 AM, which replaced LBC in 1994.

The associations between U.S. Recent key product launches include Equities 2000 (1987), Dealing 2000-2 (1992), Business Briefing (1994), Reuters Television for the financial markets (1994), 3000 Series (1996) and the Reuters 3000 Xtra service (1999). Allegations of fraud by Halliburton, specifically with regard to its operations in Iraq, have persisted since before the Iraq War. Reuters began to grow rapidly in the 1980s, widening the range of its business products and expanding its global reporting network for media, financial and economic services. These steps are not unusual for corporate executives who enter government. These principles set out the company's aim to preserve its independence, integrity and freedom from bias in its news reporting [[1]]. The officials also said he had promised to donate to charity any after-tax profits he made from exercising his stock options. It holds one "Founders Share" which can outvote all other shares in the event that an attempt is made to alter any of the rules relating to the Reuters Trust Principles.

On the question of Cheney's deferred compensation from Halliburton, officials of the Bush-Cheney campaign said that before entering office in 2001, Cheney bought an insurance policy that guaranteed a fixed amount of deferred payments from Halliburton each year for five years so that the payments would not depend on the company's fortunes. This is a company whose sole task is to protect the integrity of the company's news output. Dick Cheney also retains 433,000 share-equivalent unexercised stock options at Halliburton. At the same time, as a further measure to protect the independence of Reuters news reporting, The Reuters Founders Share Company was set up. Cheney's deferred compensation from Halliburton, which appeared on Cheney's 2001 financial disclosure statement, generated an income between $50,000 to $100,000 for the vice president. The acquisition meant that Murdoch then held more than 15% and he was obliged to reduce the holding to less than 15% in line with the rules. presidential election campaign with a severance package worth $20 million. This rule was applied in the late 1980s when Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, which already held around 15% of Reuters, bought an Australian news company which also had a holding in Reuters.

Cheney retired from the company during the 2000 U.S. If this limit is exceeded the directors can order the shareholder to reduce the holding to less than 15%. Bill Gertz, defense reporter for The Washington Times, wrote: "Vice President Dick Cheney was chief executive officer of Halliburton from 1995 until 2000, and Democrats repeatedly have tried to link the administration to claims of government favoritism toward the firm." [4]. To counter this possibility, the constitution of the company at the time of flotation included a rule that no individual was allowed to hold more than 15% of the company. In recent years the company has become the center of many controversies involving the 2003 Iraq War and the company's ties to US Vice President Dick Cheney. However, there were concerns that the company's tradition for objective reporting might be jeopardised if control of the company later fell into the hands of a single shareholder. An audit of KBR by The Pentagon’s Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA) found $108 million in "questioned costs" and, as of mid-March 2005, said they still had "major" unresolved issues with Halliburton. Reuters was floated as a public company in 1984 on the London Stock Exchange and on NASDAQ in the US.

Halliburton is the only company mentioned by terrorist Osama bin Laden in an April 2004 tape where he claims that "this is a war [in Iraq] that is benefiting major companies with billions of dollars.". It operates in 200 cities in 94 countries, supplying text in 19 languages. They are expected to have generated more than $13 billion in sales by the time they start to expire in 2006 but most offer low margins - less than 2% on average in 2003 and just 1.4% this year for the logistics work. Today, almost every major news outlet in the world subscribes to Reuters. Despite cronyism allegations, the company's contracts in Iraq are much less profitable than its core energy business. Reuter's agency built a reputation in Europe for being the first to report scoops from abroad, like the news of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. In addition to troop support, Halliburton also provides air traffic control support; produces 74 million gallons of water a month for consumption, hygiene and laundry; deploys as many as 700 trucks a day to deliver essentials to American forces; and provides firefighter and crash-rescue services, as well as working to restore Iraqi oil infrastructure. The company was founded by Paul Julius Reuter, a German-Jewish immigrant to London who as early as 1851 began transmitting stock-market quotes between Paris and London via the new Calais-Dover telegraph cable.

Halliburton's work in Iraq is diverse and complicated. . Today KBR employ over 30,000 men and women in Iraq. These include market data, such as share prices and currency rates, research and analytics, as well as trading systems that allow dealers to buy and sell such things as currencies and shares on a computer screen instead of by telephone or on a trading floor like that of the New York Stock Exchange. KBR has contracts in Iraq worth up to $18 billion, including a single no-bid contract known as "Restore Iraqi Oil" (RIO) which has an estimated worth of $7 billion. Its main focus is on supplying the financial markets with information and trading products.
. However, news reporting accounts for less than 10% of the company's income.

Halliburton first tried to find work cementing oil wells in Burkburnett, Texas then moved their business (New Method Oil Well Cementing Company) to the Healdton field near Ardmore, Oklahoma. See International Phonetic Alphabet." class="IPA" style="white-space: nowrap; font-family:'Code2000', 'Chrysanthi Unicode', 'Doulos SIL', 'Gentium', 'GentiumAlt', 'TITUS Cyberbit Basic', 'Bitstream Vera', 'Bitstream Cyberbit', 'Arial Unicode MS', 'Lucida Sans Unicode', 'Hiragino Kaku Gothic Pro'; font-family /**/:inherit; text-decoration: none">[ˈrɔɪt ə z]) is best known as a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. Erle P. Reuters Group plc (pronounced IPA: // . The KBR group is a major construction company of mainly refineries, oilfields & pipelines, and chemical plants.

The Energy Services Group provides technical products and services for oil and gas exploration and production. FY 2004) and over 95,000 employees, Halliburton operates in two major business segments. With revenues exceeding $20.46 (billion U.S. Halliburton Energy Services NYSE: HAL is a multinational corporation based in Houston, Texas.

CNN, in a report entitled "US companies are operating in Iran despite sanctions," reported that a Halliburton spokesperson told the news agency that HPS helps Iran build oil rigs in the country's south. As of 2003, Halliburton was still operating in Iran. [2] [3]. In May 2003, Halliburton revealed in a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission that its KBR subsidiary had paid a Nigerian official $2.4 million in bribes in order to receive favorable tax treatment.

[1]. In May 2003, Halliburton's role under contract with regard to Iraqi oilfields was expanded to include "operation of facilities and distribution of products". More recently, the subsidiary was awarded a no-bid contract to conduct oil well firefighting in Iraq worth an estimated $1 billion. In April 2002, KBR was awarded a $7 million contract to construct steel holding cells at Camp X-Ray.

In August, 2004, Halliburton paid a $7.5 million fine to settle the issue. Halliburton counters that the practice was approved by its accounting firm, Arthur Andersen, and conforms to generally accepted accounting practices. The Securities and Exchange Commission investigated the same issue. In 2002, Judicial Watch, a public action lawfirm, filed suit on behalf of shareholders against Halliburton, its current and former directors, and its accounting firm, Arthur Andersen LLP and Arthur Andersen Worldwide, for alleged accounting irregularities, said to be profit inflation by accounting for cost overruns as revenue.

We are not performing directly in that country." No legal action has been taken against the company or its officials. No US person is facilitating any transaction. This is a foreign subsidiary and no US person is involved in this. A Halliburton spokesman, responding to inquiries from Dow Jones, said "This is not breaking any laws.

Such behaviour, undertaken while Cheney was CEO of Halliburton, may have violated the Trading with the Enemy Act. The company, HPS, operated "behind an unmarked door on the ninth floor of a new north Tehran tower block." Although HPS was incorporated in the Cayman Islands in 1975 and is "non-American", it shares both the logo and name of Halliburton Energy Services and, according to Dow Jones Newswires offers services from Halliburton units world-wide through its Tehran office. opened an office in Tehran. In 2001 it was reported by The Wall Street Journal that a subsidiary of Halliburton Energy Services called Halliburton Products and Services Ltd.

On 10 April 2001 the Dresser division (excluding the former Kellogg division) entered an agreement to separate itself once again from Halliburton by management purchasing its equity, the new company to be called Dresser Inc. In 1998 Halliburton merged with Dresser Industries, which included Kellogg. In 1995 Dick Cheney became chairman and CEO. peacekeeping forces in Bosnia, Croatia and Hungary with food, laundry, transportation and other lifecycle management services.

In the Balkans conflict in the 1990s, KBR supported U.S. After having pleaded guilty, the company was fined $1.2 million, with another $2.61 million in penalties. In the early 1990s Halliburton was found to be in violation of federal trade barriers in Iraq and Libya, having sold these countries dual-use oil drilling equipment and, through its former subsidiary, Halliburton Logging Services, sending six pulse neutron generators to Libya. In the aftermath of Operation Desert Storm in Kuwait in 1991, Halliburton crews helped bring 320 burning oil wells under control.

1991: workforce - 73,000. 1982: energy industry decline. 1982: workforce - 115,000. 198?: Halliburton Logging Services.

198?: acquisition of Geosource. 1988: acquisition of Geophysical Service Incorporated from Texas Instruments. 1962: acquisition of Brown and Root of Houston, Texas. 1961: headquarters - Dallas, Texas.

1960: name shortened to Halliburton Company. 1957: acquisition of Welex Jet Services of Fort Worth, Texas. 1948: New York Stock Exchange listing. 1924: incorporation.

1921: headquarters - Duncan, Oklahoma. 1920: reorganized - Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company.

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