George Michael

This article is about the musician. George Michael is also the name of a former radio DJ and current sports presenter. See The George Michael Sports Machine.
George Michael

George Michael (born June 25, 1963) is a British pop singer/songwriter born in Bushey, Hertfordshire.

Wham!

Born Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou, Michael began his career by forming a band called 'The Executives' together with Andrew Ridgeley. The band didn't survive for long though. It wasn't until he formed the duo Wham! together again with his best friend Andrew Ridgeley in the early 1980s that the success came for the band. Their first album, 'Fantastic', was an instant success and within a year they had released their classic debut single, Wham Rap, while their second single, Young Guns (Go For It!) became the first in a string of Top 10 hits. They were rapidly followed by titles such as Club Tropicana, Wake Me Up Before You Go Go, Careless Whisper, Last Christmas, Everything She Wants, I'm Your Man, and many more. Michael also sang on the original Band Aid recording of "Do They Know It's Christmas and donated the profits from 'Last Christmas' to the charity. After the success of his solo releases "Careless Whisper" and "Different Corner" stories of an impending split intensified. After a series of sell-out concerts at Wembley in 1986 the band was ended.

Solo career

Some of his biggest hit singles as a solo artist include the single "Faith" (taken from his debut album Faith that not only became No.1 on both sides of the Atlantic but also resulted in stunning 6 No.1 singles in America) and many more.

"Careless Whisper" (written when he was 17) became one of the most played songs of the decade and voted Londoner's Favourite record of all time in January 1995 in a competition run jointly by the capital's leading evening newspaper and radio station. He was then also voted Best Male Singer by the same radio station and by the readers of a national newspaper. Some of his other hits include "Father Figure", "One More Try", "Freedom 90", "Fastlove", "Jesus To A Child", "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" (a duet with Elton John), 2002's "Freeek!" and "Shoot The Dog".

His work covers a variety of pop styles, from ballads to funky dance tracks. In a career spanning more than 20 years, George Michael has been responsible for more than 80 million album sales.

Having decided to release his new material through a number of labels on a single-by-single basis, George found a home at Sony for his new, highly anticipated album Patience. It was released in March 2004 after two unstellar singles came out on Polydor and it debuted at number one on the UK album charts and number 2 in Australia.

Notoriety

Michael was involved in a court case concerning his record contract after his record company CBS was taken over by Sony. Amongst Michael's complaints was that Sony had not fully supported the release of his second solo album resulting in its poor performance in the US compared to "Faith". Sony responded that Michael had refused to appear in promotional videos and it was this that had caused the poor response to the album. The case was heard in London and was found against Michael. As a consequence Michael declared he would not release any new material until he had completed the minimum of his contractual obligations to Sony.

Michael is also well known for his 1998 arrest for "engaging in a lewd act" in a public restroom in a Beverly Hills city park. He was arrested by an undercover Beverly Hills police officer named Marcelo Rodriguez.

George Michael: "Well, I was followed into the restroom, and then, this cop - well, I didn't know he was a cop at the time obviously – he started playing this game. I think it's called ‘I'll show you mine, you show me yours, and then when you show me yours, I'm gonna nick you!'" [1] (http://gaytoday.badpuppy.com/garchive/people/110998pe.htm)

After pleading "no contest" to the charge, Michael was fined $810 and sentenced to 80 hours of community service. After that incident, he became open about his homosexuality.

Soon afterwards, Michael made a video for his single "Outside" which was clearly based on the public restroom incident and which featured men dressed up as policemen kissing. Rodriguez, the police officer, claimed that this video "mocked" him, and also that Michael had slandered him in interviews, and in 1999 filed a ten million dollar lawsuit in California against the singer. The court dismissed the case on the grounds related to the officer's status as a kind of public official, but an appeals court reinstated the case on December 3, 2002.

George has often taken a public political stance. George Michael sang as part of Band Aid on the charity song "Do They Know It's Christmas?" for famine relief in Ethiopia and Wham! played at Live Aid in 1985. In the 1980s, George Michael was very critical of Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government and its cruise missile alliance with the United States. George said that he felt bad, since through his taxes he was paying for these weapons, yet was obliged to never dodge his tax obligations to his home country.

In December 2004 Elton John stated in an interview that he believed George Michael should 'get out more'. As both John and Michael were openly gay and had performed together on several occasions many were surprised at the public spat. In an open letter response Michael claimed he and Elton were not good friends and that John had little knowledge of his personal life other than what he might glean from gossip.

Future career

George Michael announced that Patience will be the last record on sale to the public. He told BBC Radio 1 on March 10, 2004 that future music that he puts out will be available for download with fans encouraged to make a donation to charity. He said: "I've been very well remunerated for my talents over the years so I really don't need the public's money. I'd like to have something on the Internet which is a charitable download site where anyone can download my music for free. I'll have my favourite charities up there and people will hopefully donate to that."

He states that the decision will put less pressure to produce a new album every so often and allow him to have more of a private life with his partner Kenny Goss.

Discography

Albums

  • As part of Wham!
    • Fantastic (1983) #1 UK, #83 US
    • Make It Big (1984) #1 UK, #1 US
    • Music From The Edge of Heaven (1986) #10 US
    • The Final (1986) (compilation) #2 UK
    • If You Were There (The Best of Wham) (1997) #4 UK
  • As a solo artist
    • Faith (1987) #1 UK, #1 US
    • Listen without Prejudice, Vol. 1 (1990) #1 UK, #2 US
    • Five live (with Queen & Lisa Stansfield) (1992) #1 UK (singles chart), #46 US
    • Older (1996) #1 UK, #6 US
    • Ladies & Gentlemen (Best Of George Michael) (1998) #1 UK, #24 US
    • Songs from the Last Century (1999) #2 UK, #157 US
    • Patience (2004) #1 UK, #12 US

Hit singles

  • from Fantastic!
    • 1982 "Young Guns (Go For It)" #3 UK
    • 1983 "Wham Rap" #8 UK
    • 1983 "Bad Boys" #2 UK
    • 1983 "Club Tropicana" #4 UK
  • non-album single
    • 1983 "Club Fantastic Megamix" #15 UK
  • from Make It Big
    • 1984 "Wake Me Up Before You Go Go" #1 UK, #1 US
    • 1984 "Careless Whisper" (credited to George Michael solo) #1 UK, #1 US
    • 1984 "Freedom" #1 UK, #3 US (1985 release)
    • 1984 "Everything She Wants" #2 UK (double A-side with Last Christmas in the UK), #1 US (1985 release)
  • from Music from the Edge of Heaven
    • 1985 "I'm Your Man" #1 UK, #3 US
    • 1985 "Last Christmas" (re-issue) #6 UK
    • 1986 "The Edge of Heaven" #1 UK (double A-side with Where Did Your Heart Go in the UK), #10 US
    • 1986 "A Different Corner" #1 UK, #7 US
  • from Aretha (Aretha Franklin album)
    • 1987 "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (with Aretha Franklin) #1 US, #1 UK
  • from Faith
    • 1987 "I Want Your Sex" #3 UK, #2 US
    • 1987 "Faith" #2 UK, #1 US
    • 1988 "Father Figure" #11 UK, #1 US
    • 1988 "One More Try" #8 UK, #1 US
    • 1988 "Monkey" #13 UK, #1 US
    • 1988 "Kissing a Fool" #18 UK, #5 US
  • from Listen without Prejudice, Vol. 1
    • 1990 "Praying for Time" #6 UK, #1 US
    • 1990 "Waiting for That Day" #23 UK, #27 US
    • 1990 "Freedom 90" #28 UK, #8 US
    • 1991 "Heal the Pain" #31 UK
  • non-album single
    • 1991 "Don't Let the Sun Go down on Me" (with Elton John) #1 UK, #1 US
  • from Red Hot + Dance various artists charity album
    • 1992 "Too Funky" #4 UK, #10 US
  • from Five Live EP
    • 1993 "Somebody to Love" #30 US
  • from Older
    • 1996 "Jesus to a Child" #1 UK, #7 US
    • 1996 "Fast Love" #1 UK, #8 US
    • 1996 "Spinning the Wheel" #2 UK
    • 1997 "Older/I Can Make You Love Me" #3 UK
    • 1997 "Star People '97" #2 UK
  • non-album single
    • 1997 "Waltz Away Dreaming" (Toby Bourke feat. George Michael) #10 UK
  • from Older
    • 1997 "You Have Been Loved/The Strangest Thing '97" #2 UK
  • from Ladies & Gentlemen: The Best of George Michael
    • 1998 "Outside" #2 UK
    • 1999 "As" (with Mary J. Blige) #4 UK
  • from Greatest Hits (Whitney Houston album)
    • 2000 "If I Told You That" (with Whitney Houston) #9 UK
  • from Patience
    • 2002 "Freeek!" #7 UK
    • 2002 "Shoot the Dog" #12 UK
    • 2004 "Amazing" #4 UK
    • 2004 "Flawless (Go to the City)" #8 UK
    • 2004 "Round Here" #32 UK

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He states that the decision will put less pressure to produce a new album every so often and allow him to have more of a private life with his partner Kenny Goss.
. I'll have my favourite charities up there and people will hopefully donate to that.".
. I'd like to have something on the Internet which is a charitable download site where anyone can download my music for free.
. He said: "I've been very well remunerated for my talents over the years so I really don't need the public's money. A paperback version of the book, released in 2003, included a handful of writings that were not offered in the initial release.

He told BBC Radio 1 on March 10, 2004 that future music that he puts out will be available for download with fans encouraged to make a donation to charity. The writings begin in the late 1980s, around the time the band started, and end in 1994. George Michael announced that Patience will be the last record on sale to the public. The journal pages are reproduced in color, and there is a section added at the back that has explanations and transcripts of some of the less legible pages. In an open letter response Michael claimed he and Elton were not good friends and that John had little knowledge of his personal life other than what he might glean from gossip. The book is 280 pages with a simple black cover; the pages are arranged somewhat chronologically (although Cobain generally did not date them). As both John and Michael were openly gay and had performed together on several occasions many were surprised at the public spat. In November 2002, a sampling of these writings was published as Journals.

In December 2004 Elton John stated in an interview that he believed George Michael should 'get out more'. Cobain wrote in a journal often, leaving 22 notebooks filled with his writing when he died. George said that he felt bad, since through his taxes he was paying for these weapons, yet was obliged to never dodge his tax obligations to his home country. Many also point out that Grohl and Novoselic have remained silent in the matter, and that they would certainly have spoken out had they believed that Kurt was murdered. In the 1980s, George Michael was very critical of Margaret Thatcher's Conservative government and its cruise missile alliance with the United States. Most cite Cobain's persistent drug addiction, clinical depression, and handwritten suicide note as conclusive proof. George Michael sang as part of Band Aid on the charity song "Do They Know It's Christmas?" for famine relief in Ethiopia and Wham! played at Live Aid in 1985. However, while the murder theories remain popular among a core group of hardcore Nirvana fans, the official verdict of death by self-inflicted gunshot wound is still generally accepted by the public.

George has often taken a public political stance. Over the next couple of years, Halperin and Wallace collaborated with Grant to write a second book, 2004's Love and Death: The Murder of Kurt Cobain, where they claim to conclusively prove that Cobain was murdered. The court dismissed the case on the grounds related to the officer's status as a kind of public official, but an appeals court reinstated the case on December 3, 2002. On their insistence, Grant played some the tapes for the journalists to prove his claims. Rodriguez, the police officer, claimed that this video "mocked" him, and also that Michael had slandered him in interviews, and in 1999 filed a ten million dollar lawsuit in California against the singer. A notable element of the book included their discussions with Tom Grant, who had taped nearly every conversation that he had undertaken while he was under Courtney Love's employ. Soon afterwards, Michael made a video for his single "Outside" which was clearly based on the public restroom incident and which featured men dressed up as policemen kissing. Their inital work, the 1999 book Who Killed Kurt Cobain? drew a similar conclusion to Broomfield's film: while there wasn't enough evidence to prove a conspiracy, there was more than enough to demand that the case be reopened.

After that incident, he became open about his homosexuality. Journalists Ian Halperin and Max Wallace took a similar path and attempted to investigate the conspiracy for themselves. After pleading "no contest" to the charge, Michael was fined $810 and sentenced to 80 hours of community service. In the end, however, Broomfield felt he hadn't uncovered enough evidence to conclude the existence of a conspiracy. He was arrested by an undercover Beverly Hills police officer named Marcelo Rodriguez. Broomfield titled the finished documentary Kurt & Courtney, and it was released in 1998. Michael is also well known for his 1998 arrest for "engaging in a lewd act" in a public restroom in a Beverly Hills city park. Broomfield inadvertantly captured El Duce's last interview, as he died under mysterious circumstances days later.

As a consequence Michael declared he would not release any new material until he had completed the minimum of his contractual obligations to Sony. Most notably, Broomfield spoke to a man named El Duce, who claimed that Courtney had offered him $50,000 to kill Cobain, and passed a polygraph. The case was heard in London and was found against Michael. Filmmaker Nick Broomfield decided to investigate the story for himself, and took a film crew to visit a number of people associated with Kurt and Courtney, including Courtney's father, Kurt's aunt, and one of the couple's former nannies. Sony responded that Michael had refused to appear in promotional videos and it was this that had caused the poor response to the album. (see website link below). Amongst Michael's complaints was that Sony had not fully supported the release of his second solo album resulting in its poor performance in the US compared to "Faith". Many, however, see Grant as an opportunist, capitalizing on Kurt's death by selling "kits" about the conspiracy via his website.

Michael was involved in a court case concerning his record contract after his record company CBS was taken over by Sony. Grant cites the official toxicology report, which claims that Kurt's heroin level was three times the lethal dosage at the time of his death, as the key piece of evidence of murder, arguing that Kurt could not have injected himself with such a dose and still be able to pull the trigger. It was released in March 2004 after two unstellar singles came out on Polydor and it debuted at number one on the UK album charts and number 2 in Australia. Grant was hired by Courtney to find Kurt after his disappearance from rehab, and was still under her employ when Kurt's body was found. Having decided to release his new material through a number of labels on a single-by-single basis, George found a home at Sony for his new, highly anticipated album Patience. In addition, Tom Grant, a private investigator once employed by Love, adamantly believes that Cobain's death was homicide. In a career spanning more than 20 years, George Michael has been responsible for more than 80 million album sales. His ongoing documentary has been running since the week after Cobain's demise.

His work covers a variety of pop styles, from ballads to funky dance tracks. According to some, notably public access host Richard Lee of Seattle, Kurt Cobain was murdered. Some of his other hits include "Father Figure", "One More Try", "Freedom 90", "Fastlove", "Jesus To A Child", "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" (a duet with Elton John), 2002's "Freeek!" and "Shoot The Dog". It showed that even in the turmoil of his final days, Kurt still had the gift for melody that he had demonstrated so many years earlier in songs like "About a Girl". He was then also voted Best Male Singer by the same radio station and by the readers of a national newspaper. But, for many, the most exciting track on the entire box was a solo demo of a song called "Do Re Mi", recorded by Cobain just a few short weeks before his death. "Careless Whisper" (written when he was 17) became one of the most played songs of the decade and voted Londoner's Favourite record of all time in January 1995 in a competition run jointly by the capital's leading evening newspaper and radio station. Of note to serious Nirvana fans were unfinished studio recordings of "Old Age" and "Verse Chorus Verse" (different from "Sappy") recorded during the Nevermind sessions.

Some of his biggest hit singles as a solo artist include the single "Faith" (taken from his debut album Faith that not only became No.1 on both sides of the Atlantic but also resulted in stunning 6 No.1 singles in America) and many more. The box set contained a vast array of early Cobain demos, rough rehearsal recordings, and live tracks recorded throughout the band's history. After a series of sell-out concerts at Wembley in 1986 the band was ended. November of 2004 finally saw the release of the Nirvana box set, titled With the Lights Out. After the success of his solo releases "Careless Whisper" and "Different Corner" stories of an impending split intensified. Some have used Cobain's feeling of being "written-out" as one possible explanation for his suicide. Michael also sang on the original Band Aid recording of "Do They Know It's Christmas and donated the profits from 'Last Christmas' to the charity. For example, a 1989 performance of the song "Breed" (then titled "Immodium") was included on Wishkah, recorded a full two years before the song's release on Nevermind.

They were rapidly followed by titles such as Club Tropicana, Wake Me Up Before You Go Go, Careless Whisper, Last Christmas, Everything She Wants, I'm Your Man, and many more. He had always made a point of working on new material during the tour and playing it differently every night so that by the time the tour ended they would have the songs worked out, ready to be recorded. Their first album, 'Fantastic', was an instant success and within a year they had released their classic debut single, Wham Rap, while their second single, Young Guns (Go For It!) became the first in a string of Top 10 hits. It was revealed in the liner notes of the Nirvana album that Cobain was concerned that he had not been able to write anything substantial during their last tour and had little material with which to go into the studio. It wasn't until he formed the duo Wham! together again with his best friend Andrew Ridgeley in the early 1980s that the success came for the band. Following its release, many long-time fans complained about the song selection, noting that the alternate version of "Been a Son" (from the Blew EP) was not the band's preferred version, and that the disc lacked songs such as "Sappy" (released as "Verse Chorus Verse") that had received significant radio airplay following Kurt's death. The band didn't survive for long though. On top of "You Know You're Right", the album contained hit singles from their three studio albums as well as several alternate mixes and recordings of familiar Nirvana songs.

Born Georgios Kyriacos Panayiotou, Michael began his career by forming a band called 'The Executives' together with Andrew Ridgeley. Nirvana was released on October 29, 2002. George Michael (born June 25, 1963) is a British pop singer/songwriter born in Bushey, Hertfordshire. Even though the studio version turned out itself to be a rough draft with unfinished lyrics, fans and non-fans alike adored the song, leading it to become one of the most-played songs on Alternative radio in both 2002 and 2003. 2004 "Round Here" #32 UK. As the court case neared completion in September of 2002, the entire song unexpectedly leaked, days before the announcement of the release of Nirvana. 2004 "Flawless (Go to the City)" #8 UK. For fans, the first real confirmation of its existence came in 2001 when fragments of the studio recording leaked on the Internet, sending anticipation into a fever pitch.

2004 "Amazing" #4 UK. In the years that followed, rumors of the existence of a studio version of the song perpetuated through Nirvana's fanbase, and it grew to almost mythic proportions. 2002 "Shoot the Dog" #12 UK. A live rough draft version of the song performed by Nirvana at their October 23, 1993 concert at the Aragon Ballroom in Chicago surfaced in Nirvana tape-trading circles a few months later. 2002 "Freeek!" #7 UK. Nirvana fans' first taste of "You Know You're Right" came in early 1995 when Courtney Love played a version of the song with her band Hole on MTV Unplugged under the title "You've Got No Right". from Patience

    . In turn, Love agreed to donate cassette demos recorded by Cobain for use on the box set.

    2000 "If I Told You That" (with Whitney Houston) #9 UK. After more than a year of often public and sometimes bizarre legal maneuvering, the parties settled, agreeing on the immediate release of the greatest hits package including "You Know You're Right", titled simply Nirvana. from Greatest Hits (Whitney Houston album)

      . Love, however, argued that the song was more important than just a generic "rarity", and should be included on a single-disc greatest hits compilation. Blige) #4 UK. Grohl and Novoselic wanted to include the song on the box set, essentially releasing all of the rarities at one time. 1999 "As" (with Mary J. Much of the legal wrangling centered on a single unreleased song, "You Know You're Right", the band's final studio recording.

      1998 "Outside" #2 UK. What followed was a protracted legal battle over the ownership of Nirvana's music that lasted for more than a year. from Ladies & Gentlemen: The Best of George Michael

        . However, shortly before the release date, Courtney Love filed an injunction to stop the box set's release and sued Grohl and Novoselic, claiming that Cobain's former bandmates were hijacking Nirvana's legacy for their own personal interests. 1997 "You Have Been Loved/The Strangest Thing '97" #2 UK. Four years later, it was announced that the box set was complete, and would see release in September to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the release of Nevermind. from Older
          . In 1997, word spread that Grohl and Novoselic were organizing a box set of Nirvana rarities.

          George Michael) #10 UK. The live disc, a compilation of Nirvana concert recordings, finally saw release in October of 1996, titled From the Muddy Banks of the Wishkah. 1997 "Waltz Away Dreaming" (Toby Bourke feat. However, for the two surviving band members, Grohl (now a member of the band Foo Fighters) and Novoselic (who went on to form Sweet 75 and later Eyes Adrift), sorting through the treasure trove of Nirvana recordings so soon after Kurt's passing became too emotionally overwhelming. non-album single

            . The original intention was to release the MTV Unplugged set in a double-disc package, with a second disc of live electric material to balance the acoustic set. 1997 "Star People '97" #2 UK. Memorable footage from the video included an infamous incident with a bouncer at a Texas club in October of 1991, as well as the band's performance of "Aneurysm" donned in dresses at Rock in Rio in Brazil in January of 1993.

            1997 "Older/I Can Make You Love Me" #3 UK. Cobain himself had compiled a good portion of the video, which documented much of the Nevermind tour. 1996 "Spinning the Wheel" #2 UK. Two weeks after the release of Unplugged in New York, a video compilation of Nirvana performances, titled Live! Tonight! Sold Out!!, was released. 1996 "Fast Love" #1 UK, #8 US. This album included guest appearances by members of the Meat Puppets and cover versions of Meat Puppets, Leadbelly, and David Bowie material. 1996 "Jesus to a Child" #1 UK, #7 US. The first came in November of 1994 with the release of the band's subdued and eerily morbid performance for MTV Unplugged, Unplugged in New York.

            from Older

              . Several Nirvana albums have been released since Cobain's death. 1993 "Somebody to Love" #30 US. A week later, on Friday, April 8, 1994, Cobain's body was discovered at his Seattle home, dead of an apparent suicide, effectively dissolving Nirvana. (Some have disputed the suicide verdict; see below.). from Five Live EP
                . After less than a week in rehab, Cobain climbed over the wall of the facility and flew back to Seattle. 1992 "Too Funky" #4 UK, #10 US. An intervention was organized, and Cobain was convinced to check into rehab.

                from Red Hot + Dance various artists charity album

                  . In the ensuing weeks, Cobain's heroin addiction resurfaced. 1991 "Don't Let the Sun Go down on Me" (with Elton John) #1 UK, #1 US. The rest of the tour was canceled, including a planned leg in the UK. non-album single
                    . The doctor told a press conference that the singer had reacted to a combination of prescription Rohypnol and alcohol. 1991 "Heal the Pain" #31 UK. On the morning of March 4th, Cobain was found unconscious by Courtney Love and rushed to the hospital.

                    1990 "Freedom 90" #28 UK, #8 US. The next night's show at the same venue was canceled. 1990 "Waiting for That Day" #23 UK, #27 US. Following a tour stop at Terminal Einz in Munich, Germany, on March 1st, Cobain was diagnosed with bronchitis and severe laryngitis. 1990 "Praying for Time" #6 UK, #1 US. While the tour started off well, the performances gradually declined, with Kurt looking bored and distracted during the shows. 1

                      . In early 1994, the band embarked on a European tour.

                      from Listen without Prejudice, Vol. It became a hallmark moment of Nirvana's history, if not amplified by the tragedy soon to follow. 1988 "Kissing a Fool" #18 UK, #5 US. The song selection also demonstrated Cobain's broad musical interests through his choice of cover songs. 1988 "Monkey" #13 UK, #1 US. The sessions revealed the depth of Cobain's songwriting, which had often been buried under the sonic fury of the band's sound. 1988 "One More Try" #8 UK, #1 US. In November of 1993, the band decided to change direction, and sat down for an appearance on MTV Unplugged.

                      1988 "Father Figure" #11 UK, #1 US. When the band embarked on the US In Utero tour (with Pat Smear of the punk rock band The Germs as second guitarist), its first major tour of the States since the success of "Smells Like Teen Spirit", it regularly played to half-filled arenas, stymied by the lack of tour support for Nevermind and the challenging new release. 1987 "Faith" #2 UK, #1 US. While "Heart-Shaped Box" was received warmly by alternative radio, and In Utero debuted at number one on the Billboard Album chart, the album didn't enjoy the same success as Nevermind. 1987 "I Want Your Sex" #3 UK, #2 US. When asked about the edited version, Kurt noted that he could relate to the small-town residents that had no other local music stores and were forced to buy their music at Wal-Mart. from Faith

                        . Other than the inclusion of Litt's mix of "Pennyroyal Tea", however, the music on the album was identical to the wider release.

                        1987 "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (with Aretha Franklin) #1 US, #1 UK. The band decided to abide by the request, and compiled a version of the album with "clean" artwork and "Rape Me" retitled "Waif Me". from Aretha (Aretha Franklin album)

                          . Giant store chain Wal-Mart refused to carry the album, citing song titles like "Rape Me" and Kurt's plastic-fetus collage on the album's artwork as too controversial for the "family-oriented" chain. 1986 "A Different Corner" #1 UK, #7 US. With In Utero, the band also faced corporate censorship. 1986 "The Edge of Heaven" #1 UK (double A-side with Where Did Your Heart Go in the UK), #10 US. Litt also remixed "Pennyroyal Tea", but Albini's version was used on the album.

                          1985 "Last Christmas" (re-issue) #6 UK. producer Scott Litt was called in to help remix those two songs, with Cobain adding additional instrumentation and backing vocals. 1985 "I'm Your Man" #1 UK, #3 US. Longtime R.E.M. from Music from the Edge of Heaven

                            . Specifically, they thought the bass levels were too low, and Cobain felt that "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies" didn't sound "perfect". 1984 "Everything She Wants" #2 UK (double A-side with Last Christmas in the UK), #1 US (1985 release). While popular perception after the fact was that the band wanted this distorted masterpiece, they were actually unhappy with certain aspects of Albini's mixes.

                            1984 "Freedom" #1 UK, #3 US (1985 release). One song on In Utero featuring long periods of shrill feedback noise was titled, ironically, "Radio Friendly Unit Shifter". (In the industry, a "radio-friendly unit shifter" describes an "ideal" album: one capable of heavy radio play and ultimately selling many copies, or "units".) However, Cobain insisted that Albini's sound was simply the one he'd always wanted Nirvana to have: a "natural" recording without layers and layers of studio trickery. 1984 "Careless Whisper" (credited to George Michael solo) #1 UK, #1 US. Some saw bringing in Albini as a deliberate move on Nirvana's part to give the album a rawer, more unpolished sound: that the band wanted to alienate or distance some of their new "mainstream" audience who'd paid little or no attention to the alternative, obscure, or experimental bands Nirvana saw as their forebearers. 1984 "Wake Me Up Before You Go Go" #1 UK, #1 US. The sessions with Albini were productive and notably quick: the initial version of the album was recorded and mixed in two weeks, a far cry from the months spent recording and mixing Nevermind. from Make It Big

                              . For 1993's In Utero, the band brought in producer Steve Albini, perhaps best known for his work on the highly influential Pixies album Surfer Rosa.

                              1983 "Club Fantastic Megamix" #15 UK. The album contained such fan favorites as "Sliver" and "Aneurysm" as well as covers of songs by The Vaselines, a band that became more popular as a result of Nirvana's covers. non-album single

                                . It is believed that they did so to circumvent bootleggers. 1983 "Club Tropicana" #4 UK. Nirvana released Incesticide, a collection of B-sides and rarities, in December of 1992. 1983 "Bad Boys" #2 UK. Cobain entered the stage in a wheelchair as a practical joke, then proceeded to get up and join the rest of the band in tearing through an assortment of old and new material.

                                1983 "Wham Rap" #8 UK. Just weeks later, Nirvana performed one of its most popular concerts, headlining at the Reading Festival. 1982 "Young Guns (Go For It)" #3 UK. When the band began their performance, Kurt strummed the first few bars of "Rape Me", giving the MTV execs a solid shock before jumping into "Lithium". from Fantastic!

                                  . MTV was appalled at the idea of a song called "Rape Me", and eventually agreed that the band could play "Lithium" instead. Patience (2004) #1 UK, #12 US. MTV had wanted the band to play "Teen Spirit", but the band wanted to play a new song called "Rape Me".

                                  Songs from the Last Century (1999) #2 UK, #157 US. Just days after Frances Bean's birth, Nirvana put on a memorable performance at the MTV Video Music Awards. Ladies & Gentlemen (Best Of George Michael) (1998) #1 UK, #24 US. Courtney gave birth to a daughter, Frances Bean, in August. Older (1996) #1 UK, #6 US. In February of 1992, following an Australian tour, Cobain married Courtney Love in Hawaii. Five live (with Queen & Lisa Stansfield) (1992) #1 UK (singles chart), #46 US. Citing exhaustion, the band decided not to undertake another US tour in support of Nevermind, instead opting to make a handful of performances later that year.

                                  1 (1990) #1 UK, #2 US. The popularity of "alternative" rock — as well as the sidelining of hair metal — is often credited to Nevermind. Listen without Prejudice, Vol. The highly infectious single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" received heavy airplay on MTV, inspiring a slew of imitators, bringing the grunge sound, as well as so-called alternative rock and alternative culture, into the mainstream. Faith (1987) #1 UK, #1 US. Nevermind was a massive, unexpected success, selling millions of copies. As a solo artist

                                    . Later Cobain would complain in the press that Wallace had made Nevermind sound too slick, although Wallace had been his own choice and the bandmembers themselves had been involved in the mixing process.1 Wallace, however, had tempered the band's indie rock leanings, and had created a mainstream-ready rock sound that others would attempt to duplicate for the next decade.

                                    If You Were There (The Best of Wham) (1997) #4 UK. Cobain did not want to use mixers that had worked with other bands he liked because he did not want to sound like them, so he decided to call in the guy at the bottom of the list after whose name it read 'Slayer': Andy Wallace. The Final (1986) (compilation) #2 UK. DGC sent them a list with possible options. Music From The Edge of Heaven (1986) #10 US. After recording, Vig initially started off to mix the album as well but both Vig and Nirvana were not satisfied with their results so they decided to call in someone else to mix the album. Make It Big (1984) #1 UK, #1 US. The album was produced by Butch Vig, who had previously worked with Sonic Youth and Smashing Pumpkins.

                                    Fantastic (1983) #1 UK, #83 US. The result, Nevermind, is now regarded as a classic. As part of Wham!

                                      . Following repeated recommendation by Sonic Youth's Kim Gordon, David Geffen signed Nirvana to DGC Records in 1990 and the band began recording their first major label album. [1] (http://www.subpop.com/scripts/main/bands_page.php?id=163) Nirvana continued touring aftwards, including a stint with Sonic Youth chronicled in the documentary 1991: The Year Punk Broke. Hardcore punks Scream.

                                      In 1990, Buzz Osbourne of The Melvins later hooked them up with Dave Grohl, who drummed with D.C. After a few weeks with Dale Crover of The Melvins filling in, they drafted Mudhoney drummer Dan Peters, with whom they recorded the song "Sliver". During the sessions, Kurt and Krist realized that Chad wasn't quite the drummer the band needed, and he was let go after the sessions were complete. In early 1990, the band began working with producer Butch Vig on recordings for the follow-up to Bleach.

                                      After the album's completion, Everman had a brief and contentious tenure with the band as a second guitar player, but was ousted following their first US tour. Not long after, he briefly played bass with Soundgarden, and later formed the band Mind Funk. Though he did not actually play on the album, Jason Everman was credited as playing guitar on Bleach because he put up the money for the recording sessions. Bleach was highly influenced by Cobain's then-favorite band, The Melvins, as well as the heavy dirge-rock of Mudhoney. Channing played on their first album, Bleach, released by Sub Pop records.

                                      They worked with a series of drummers (Aaron Burckhard, Dan Peters and Dale Crover of The Melvins, who played on their first demos), before settling on Chad Channing. Both were fans of The Melvins, and both were interested in forming a band. Cobain and Krist Novoselic met in 1985. Many critics and historians hail Nirvana as the "flagship band" of "Generation X".

                                      The group disbanded in 1994 upon the death of its leader, Kurt Cobain. Their music was an offshoot of punk and alternative rock and was labeled grunge rock by the mainstream press and media of the time. Nirvana was a popular rock band founded in 1987 in Aberdeen, Washington. See Nirvana (1960s band) for the British psychedelic rock band of the 1960s of the same name, or Nirvana (disambiguation) for other meanings..

                                      This article is about the 1980s-1990s grunge band Nirvana. Steve Newman - Bass. Mike Dillard - Drums. John Duncan - Guitar.

                                      Greg Hokanson - Drums. Dave Foster - Drums. Buzz Osborne - Bass. Pat Smear - guitar (1993-1994).

                                      Dave Grohl - drums (1990-1994). Dan Peters - drums (1990). Chad Channing - drums (1988-1990). Jason Everman - guitar (1989).

                                      Dale Crover - drums (1987-1988, 1990). Aaron Burckhard - drums (1987). Krist Novoselic - bass. Kurt Cobain - vocals, guitar.

                                      Download sample of "Come As You Are" from Nevermind.

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