Gene Vincent

Gene Vincent, real name Eugene Vincent Craddock (February 11, 1935 - October 12, 1971) was an American rockabilly musician, best known for his hit "Be-Bop-A-Lula". He started playing in various country bands in Norfolk, Virginia after leaving the Navy with a permanent leg injury. He signed at Capitol Records with his backing band The Blue Caps.

After "Be-Bop-A-Lula" became a huge hit in 1956, Gene Vincent & the Blue Caps were unable to follow it up with mainstream success in spite of critically acclaimed songs like "Bluejean Bop" and "Race with the Devil". The group's only other hit was "Lotta Lovin'" (1957). Vincent also became one of the first rock stars to star in a film, The Girl Can't Help It. By the 1960s, Vincent's career had mostly ended in the US, though he maintained an audience in Europe, especially England and France.

Gene Vincent is interred in the Eternal Valley Memorial Park, Newhall, California.

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Gene Vincent is interred in the Eternal Valley Memorial Park, Newhall, California. The cover track of the 1999 album The Ladder, Homeworld (The Ladder) was used in Relic Entertainment's Homeworld real-time strategy as the credits and outro theme. By the 1960s, Vincent's career had mostly ended in the US, though he maintained an audience in Europe, especially England and France. In 2003 a further remastering effort was begun by Rhino Records, this time including more original art, extensive booklet liner notes, and rare bonus tracks. Vincent also became one of the first rock stars to star in a film, The Girl Can't Help It. The initial CD releases appeared in the late 1980s, and the first remasters were released in the mid 1990s, with dramatically improved sound and much original album art restored. The group's only other hit was "Lotta Lovin'" (1957). The Yes Atlantic Records catalog has undergone at least two remasterings and re-releases on CD.

After "Be-Bop-A-Lula" became a huge hit in 1956, Gene Vincent & the Blue Caps were unable to follow it up with mainstream success in spite of critically acclaimed songs like "Bluejean Bop" and "Race with the Devil". Sleeve artwork for many of these albums was done by Roger Dean, who also designed the band's logo. He signed at Capitol Records with his backing band The Blue Caps. The classic line up is currently enjoying a somewhat revitalized presence in the public consciousness, especially after the celebration of their 35th anniversary in 2004. He started playing in various country bands in Norfolk, Virginia after leaving the Navy with a permanent leg injury. Fans short-changed in 1996 were delighted as Wakeman announced his return to the group in 2002 and a world tour for Yes followed, including a return to Australia after more than 30 years absence. Gene Vincent, real name Eugene Vincent Craddock (February 11, 1935 - October 12, 1971) was an American rockabilly musician, best known for his hit "Be-Bop-A-Lula". The band was not only backed by a 60-piece orchestra, but specific parts and arrangements were written and executed by the orchestra, sounding as if the orchestra was a permanent band member.

Both Sherwood and Khoroshev left the band before the recording of the 2001 orchestral release Magnification. Magnification, the only Yes album without keyboards, is considered by many as the best Yes studio album since the 1970s. The 1999 tour resulted in a live DVD from The House of Blues in Los Angeles. While Sherwood's influence seemed to take the band back in the direction of the 90125 lineup, the tour also featured keyboards from Russian keyboard player Igor Khoroshev, who was later made a full time member for the following album The Ladder. Open Your Eyes was released in 1997.

As fans waited for a tour of the classic lineup, Wakeman left the group again before the release of Keys To Ascension 2. Wakeman was replaced by Sherwood, who not only played guitar, but also now handled keyboard duties. The new studio cuts from those two albums were later reissued on a single CD called "Keystudio.". The resultant live recordings were released, together with new music, on the Keys To Ascension albums, considered by many fans to be their finest music since their 1970s zenith. Proving the truth of the old adage never say "never again," the band surprised and delighted fans by reforming with the classic '70s line-up of Anderson, Squire, White, Howe and Wakeman for a live performance in the Californian town of San Luis Obispo in 1996.

On the 1994 tour, guitarist/vocalist Billy Sherwood joined as a sixth member. In 1994, Yes released Talk, one of the group's poorest selling releases. Yes was suddenly back down to its popular 1980s lineup of Anderson, Squire, Rabin, Kaye, and White. After the tour, Bruford quit the band, followed shortly by Howe and then Wakeman.

Featuring tracks spanning the band's entire career, it was one of the highest grossing concert tours of 1991 and 1992. Law suits were followed by a remarkable turn of events, as Bruford, Wakeman, and Howe joined Anderson and the rest of Yes, which resulted in the album Union and a world tour which united all eight members in a short-lived "mega-Yes". While Yes was on break after the 1988 tour, Anderson began working with former Yes members Rick Wakeman, Steve Howe, and Bill Bruford. The group wanted to be called Yes, but Yes was technically still a current group with other members, so the group called themselves "Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe." Legal battles ensued. By the end of the 1980s, Anderson grew tired of the new Yes sound and wanted the band to return to its classic sound.

Yes had major success throughout the rest of the 1980s, playing arenas and scoring major hits with "Leave It," "Love Will Find a Way," and "It Can Happen.". Fans of this line-up are called "Generators", from this line-up's second album, Big Generator. The song Owner of a Lonely Heart from this album was even a hit in discos, resulting in the band's only number one single. It was simpler and harder, with modern (for the time) electronic effects.

The album, 90125 (produced by Trevor Horn), was a radical departure from their earlier sound. In late 1982, two years after the breakup of Yes, Squire and White met guitarist Trevor Rabin (late of the band Rabbitt) and formed a new group, initially dubbed Cinema, which also included original Yes keyboardist Tony Kaye. They played Jon Anderson some of their new music, who was very impressed and decided to join the project, thus resulting in the reformation Yes in 1983. The band was to be called XYZ, but nothing came of the sessions. Downes and Howe went on to form Asia, Horn went into producing, and Squire and White began sessions with Jimmy Page and Robert Plant, fresh from Led Zeppelin's recent breakup.

After the Drama tour, Yes broke up. While Drama was well received by many fans (named "Panthers" after a feature of the album's artwork), many other Yes followers missed Anderson's unique lyrics and vocal style. To their surprise, Downes and Horn were invited to join Yes as full-time members; they accepted the invitation and performed on the Drama album in 1980. Eventually though, Howe, Squire and White confessed that their singer and keyboards player had actually left the band.

Initally, the plan was that Downes and Horn would help shape the material, ready for the return of Wakeman and Anderson. Howe invited Buggles duo Geoffrey Downes (keyboards) and Trevor Horn (bass/vocals) to help out on a new Yes album. Meanwhile, Howe had heard an album called Age of Plastic by a band called The Buggles which contained the world-wide Number One hit, "Video Killed The Radio Star". This left Squire, Howe and White to start sessions for a new album without a singer or a keyboard player.

Wakeman had again grown disenchanted with the band, but this time so had Jon Anderson, who was enjoying success out of the band in partnership with Vangelis. In 1980, the band's career took a serious left turn, even by its own standards. Ironically, Yes outlasted almost all the groups of that era as well. The album, along with 1978's Tormato, was successful in spite of being released at the height of the punk rock era in Britain, during which Yes were often critisised by the music press as representing the most bloated excesses of early 1970s progressive rock.

Apart from the 15 minute track, "Awaken," the album Going for the One was mostly made up of shorter songs. However after hearing and being impressed by the new material he once again became a permanent band member. When Moraz left in 1976, the group commenced sessions for a new album without a keyboard player. After a considerable amount of negotiation Rick Wakeman rejoined the band on a "session musician" basis. Following an extended tour through 1975-76, each member of the group released their own solo album.

This reached no.1 in the Spanish charts. Wakeman was replaced by Swiss musician Patrick Moraz for Relayer in 1974. Again, the album featured a side-long track, "The Gates of Delirium," from which the "Soon" section was put out as a limited single release. Rick Wakeman, in particular, was not pleased with the album and increasing interpersonal tensions between him and the rest of the band led Wakeman to quit at the end of the Tales tour. Although extended compositions were by now a Yes hallmark -- the title track of Close To The Edge took up the entire first side of that album -- the four tracks, each roughly 20 minutes long, that comprised the two-disc Topographic Oceans earned mixed reviews and left many feeling that the band was beginning to overreach itself.

Their next studio album, Tales from Topographic Oceans marked a sea change in the band's fortunes, polarising fans and critics alike. The album was another best seller. Presented in one of the most lavish album packages to date, Roger Dean's artwork spread across a triple gatefold cover, and continued the cosmic-organic design concepts of the two previous albums. It was one of the first rock triple-album sets, featuring live versions of all-original material from the previous three studio albums.

Yessongs was a hugely ambitious project and undoubtedly a major gamble for their label, Atlantic Records. Shortly after the release of Close To The Edge, at the height of the band's success, Bill Bruford stunned fans with the news that he was quitting to join King Crimson; he was replaced by former Plastic Ono Band drummer Alan White who debuted on their next release, the three-record live collection Yessongs, recorded on their world tour in late 1972 and early 1973. Fans of this era commonly describe themselves as "Troopers", after the 3-part track "Starship Trooper" from The Yes Album. Some consider the album Close to the Edge to be the high point of the whole progressive rock genre.

Fragile also marked the beginning of a long collaboration with artist Roger Dean, who designed the group's logo and their album covers, as well as their light shows. They also notably benefitted from the tremendous advances in live music technology that were taking place at that time, and they were renowned for the high quality of both their sound and lighting. Yes enjoyed enormous commercial and critical success around the world and became one of the most popular concert attractions of the day. Fragile (1971) went Top Ten in America, and Close to the Edge (1972) was also a huge seller.

With Wakeman on board, Yes entered what some consider their most fertile and successful period, cutting two highly acclaimed LPs. It was both the end of one era -- their last non-original track -- and the beginning of another, showcasing all the elements of the new Yes sound in place. The first recording by this 'classic' lineup of the group (Anderson, Bruford, Howe, Squire and Wakeman) was a dynamic ten-minute interpretation of Paul Simon's America. Surrounded by banks of keyboards, his flowing blonde hair and sequinned cape provided a strong visual focus on stage, although they later became the object of ridicule in some quarters.

He also brought two vital new additions to the group's instrumentation -- the Mellotron and the Minimoog synthesiser. As a soloist, Wakeman proved to be a perfect foil for Steve Howe. He was replaced by classically trained Rick Wakeman, who had just left The Strawbs and was already a noted studio musician with credits including David Bowie and Lou Reed. In 1971 original keyboard player Tony Kaye left to form his own group, Badger.

The group's emerging style coalesced on their next LP, the critically acclaimed The Yes Album, which for the first time consisted entirely of original compositions by the band; it was also the record that united them with long-serving producer and engineer Eddie Offord; his studio expertise was a key factor in creating the Yes sound. The departure of Peter Banks in 1970 and his replacement by ex-Tomorrow guitarist Steve Howe gave Yes a new edge. Their first two Yes LPs (recorded with the lineup of Anderson, Banks, Bruford, Kaye and Squire) mixed original material with covers of songs by their major influences, including The Beatles, The Byrds and Simon & Garfunkel. The rhythm section of Squire and Bruford was considered by many to be one of the best in rock music at this time.

Squire was one of the first rock bass players to successfully adapt electronic guitar effects such as tremolo, phasing and the wah-wah pedal to the instrument. The most recognisable sonic features of this 'classic' period are Anderson's distinctive high-register lead vocals, their strong vocal harmonies, Wakeman and Howe's respective keyboard and guitar solos, Bruford's polyrhythmic drumming and the distinctive sound of Squire's Rickenbacker model 4001 stereo bass. Vocal verses alternated with atmospheric instrumental interludes, frenetic ensemble passages and extended guitar, keyboard and bass improvisations. Their repertoire often exceeded the standard three-minute pop-song structure with lengthy multi-part suites lasting 20 minutes or more.

These albums feature complex classically-influenced arrangements, unusual time signatures, virtuoso musicianship, dramatic dynamic and metrical changes and oblique, stream-of-consciousness lyrics. The early 1970s Yes recordings are still considered the classic Yes sound by many fans. Keep in mind that Yes was split up in 1981 and 1982. The following explains the different lineups of Yes.

Rick Wakeman, on the other hand, has joined and left the band at least four times. Founding members Jon Anderson and Chris Squire are often considered the core of the band since Squire has performed on all official Yes albums and Anderson has performed on all but one. Despite many lineup changes, occasional splits and many changes in popular music, the band has endured for over 30 years and still retains a strong international following. The popular music group Yes is a progressive rock band that formed in London in 1968.

Projected live retrospective CD box set. 2005

    . The Ultimate Yes: 35th Anniversary Collection (3-CD compilation). 2004

      2003 Yes Remixes (assembled by Virgil Howe, son of Steve). In a Word — Yes (5-CD compilation). Yestoday (Anderson Squire White Howe Sherwood Khoroshev). 2002


        Magnification (Anderson Squire White Howe with orchestra). Keystudio (compilation of studio material from both Keys to Ascension albums). 2001

          . The Best of (compilation).

          House Of Yes - Live from the House of Blues (live). The Masterworks — Mix Your Own CD (compilation). 2000

            . 1999 The Ladder (Anderson Squire White Howe Sherwood Khoroshev).

            Something's Coming / Beyond and Before (old live material - Anderson Squire Bruford Kaye Banks). Open Your Eyes (Anderson Squire White Howe Sherwood). Keys to Ascension Volume 1 & 2 (live/studio - Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman). Keys to Ascension 2 (live/studio - Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman).


              . 1996 Keys to Ascension (live/studio - Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman). 1994 Talk (Anderson Squire White Kaye Rabin). An Evening of Yes Music Plus* (live - Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe).

              Highlights — The Very Best of Yes (compilation). 1993

                . 1992 Yesstory (2-CD abridgement of Yesyears). Yesyears (4-CD compilation).

                Union (Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman Kaye Bruford Rabin). 1991

                  . 1987 Big Generator (Anderson Squire White Kaye Rabin). 1985 9012Live: The Solos (live - Anderson Squire White Kaye Rabin).

                  1983 90125 (Anderson Squire White Kaye Rabin; produced by Horn). 1981 Classic Yes (compilation). Yesshows (live double - Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman/Moraz). Drama (Horn Squire White Howe Downes).


                    . 1978 Tormato (Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman). 1977 Going for the One (Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman). Story of I (Patrick Moraz).

                    Fish out of Water (Chris Squire— Moraz and Bruford also play on the album). Beginnings (Steve Howe — White, Moraz and Bruford guest). Olias of Sunhillow (Jon Anderson — Anderson plays all instruments and sings all parts). Ramshackled (Alan White — Anderson and Howe guest on one track).

                    These were:

                      . 1976 In this year, rather than release a group album, each of the band members released a solo project, often guesting on each other's albums. 1975 Yesterdays (compilation from first two albums, plus Paul Simon's America). 1974 Relayer (Anderson Squire White Howe Moraz).

                      Tales from Topographic Oceans (double - Anderson Squire White Howe Wakeman). Yessongs (live triple - Anderson Squire Bruford/White Howe Wakeman). 1973

                        . Close to the Edge (Anderson Squire Bruford Howe Wakeman).

                        Fragile (Anderson Squire Bruford Howe Wakeman). 1972

                          . 1971 The Yes Album (Anderson Squire Bruford Kaye Howe). 1970 Time and a Word (Anderson Squire Bruford Kaye Banks).

                          1969 Yes (Anderson Squire Bruford Kaye Banks). Igor Khoroshev - keyboards (1998-2000). Billy Sherwood - guitar/vocals/keyboard (1994-1995, 1997-1999). Trevor Rabin - guitar/vocals (1983-1995).

                          Trevor Horn - vocals (1980). Geoff Downes - keyboards (1980). Patrick Moraz - keyboards (1975-1976). Bill Bruford - drums (1968-1972, 1991-1992).

                          Peter Banks - guitar (1968-1970). Tony Kaye - keyboards (1968-1971, 1983-1995). Chris Squire - bass/vocals (1968-present). Jon Anderson - lead vocals (1968-1979, 1983-present).

                          Alan White - drums (1972-present). Rick Wakeman - keyboards (1971-1974, 1977-1979, 1991-1992, 1996, 2002-present). Steve Howe - guitar/vocals (1970-1980, 1991-1992, 1996-present). Chris Squire - bass/vocals (1968-present).

                          Jon Anderson - lead vocals (1968-1979, 1983-present).

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