G.I. Joe

Classic G.I. Joe Adventure Team Image, circa 1973

G.I. Joe is a cartoon soldier created by David Breger when he was asked to do a comic strip for United States military magazines during World War II. Breger came up with the title "G.I. Joe" from the military reference "Government Issue". His strip debuted June 17, 1942 in the military's YANK magazine and Stars and Stripes newspaper. In 1945, United Artists released a movie titled The Story of G.I. Joe [1], directed by William Wellman and starring Burgess Meredith as acclaimed war correspondent Ernie Pyle.

In 1964, the character G.I. Joe became a series of military-themed action figures produced by the Hasbro toy company. The toyline began with the aptly named G.I. Joe. Two years later, Hasbro began featuring members from all branches of the armed forces. The name, G.I. Joe, no longer referred to one specific character but to a toyline brand.

Incarnations

The following G.I. Joe toys came out:

  • G.I. Joe (1964-1969)
  • G.I. Joe Adventure Team (1970-1979)
  • G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (1982-1994)
  • G.I. Joe: Hall of Fame (1991-1994)
  • Sgt. Savage and the Screaming Eagles (1995)
  • G.I. Joe: Hall of Fame limited exclusives (1995-1997)
  • G.I. Joe Extreme (1996-1997)
  • G.I. Joe: Toys R Us Exclusives (1997-1998)
  • G.I. Joe: Classic Collection (1995-2004)
  • G.I. Joe: The Real American Hero Collection (2000-2002)
  • G.I. Joe vs. Cobra (2002)
  • G.I. Joe vs. Cobra: Spytroops (2003)
  • G.I. Joe: Valor vs. Venom (2004-2005)
  • G.I. Joe: Sigma 6 (2005-Present)

G.I. Joe (1964-1969)

Hasbro toy company's first "action figure" was introduced with the name of G.I. Joe. They were 12" tall. The toyline was dedicated to one character named G.I. Joe. Later on, the line featured members from America's Armed Forces and some foreign soldiers as well.

The 12-inch G.I. Joe was licenced to several countries:

G.I. Joe Adventure Team (1970-1979)

These were the years of the Adventure Team and the Kung Fu grip. It was also the period where there is a departure from its traditional military settings and began wading in to more fantastic concepts such as the introduction of the Intruders, alien invaders who are the Adventure Team's arch nemesis. With rising oil prices in 1977, a cost-saving measure of "shrinking" G.I. Joe to 8 inches was implemented with the name of Super Joe. The Super Joe series had the characters turned into superheroes. Finally in 1978, G.I. Joe was discontinued for the same reason Super Joe was introduced, the rising cost of petroleum.

G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (1982-1994)

After a few years of absence from the toy shelves and with the help of the Star Wars 3.75" figure successes, G.I. Joe was re-introduced in a 3.75" format. This toy series lasted through 1994, producing over 500 figures and 250 vehicles and playsets. Cobra was the main enemy force during this toy lines run. Each toy figure included a character bio, called a "file card." During the 12 year production, there were many "subsets" produced. There was also two series of cartoons, "Sunbow", and "DIC" produced with this toyline. There was also a Marvel Comic series that featured many of the toy characterizations.

G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero was renamed for the European market. The toyline and the accompanying television show and comics were renamed Action Force, presumably to make the toyline appear more international and less American-centric.

Sgt. Savage and the Screaming Eagles (1995)

Sgt. Savage and his Screaming Eagles were put on the toy shelves in a 4" size, World War II-based theme. This was the only year Sgt. Savage and his Screaming Eagles were produced. The series was not labeled G.I. Joe but it contains its themes. The enemy force was the Iron Army, cybernetically-enhanced WWII style criminals and robots. There was one cartoon featuring Sgt. Savage.

G.I. Joe Extreme (1996-1997)

G.I. Joe Extreme was introduced in a 5" tall, limited articulation format. These figures, as well as vehicles, took on a future premise storyline that had the Extreme team battling SKAR. Sgt. Savage is a part of this series. Dark Horse Comics produced the G.I. Joe Extreme comic. There was also a cartoon series that supported the toyline.

Toys R Us Exclusives (1997-1998)

Toys R Us began carrying a store-exclusive line that featured "re-produced" figures and vehicles from the G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero line.

The Return of A Real American Hero (2000-2005)

Some original 1982-1994 3.75 inch line toys were "re-produced" in "collector edition" 2-packs, along with vehicles. In 2001, the Devil's Due publishing company bought the rights to produce new comics that continued the storyline from Marvel Comics. The comic series was helpful in bringing back G.I. Joe's popularity. The basic 3.75" sized GI Joe toy sculpture style was changed in 2001 with the introduction of yearly themes. Each year's 3.75" series had a slight change in figure production construction. In 2002, the theme was "G.I. Joe vs. Cobra" and featured new style figures that had "T-crotches" with no "O-ring." New characters were introduced in that period and new molds for both old and new. 2003 was themed "Spytroops" and had many figures produced with "O-rings" again. There was a direct-to-video "Spytroops" CGI movie. 2004 featured the "Valor vs. Venom" theme up until the first half of 2005. "Valor vs. Venom" also had an OVA CGI movie.

The 3.75" sized figures were removed from toy shop shelves early in 2005, and sold exclusively through online retailers and through a new Hasbro online store, Hasbro Toy Shop. These figures were designed with the adult collector in mind, and while retaining the sculpting style of the 2002-2005 "themed years," produced toy characters from the "original 1982-1994" G.I. Joe series, as well as new toy characters.

G.I. Joe: Sigma 6 (2005-Present)

In the fall of 2005, Hasbro re-introduced G.I. Joe on the toy shelves with 8"-sized action figures, G.I. Joe: Sigma 6.

The comic is produced and published by Devil's Due Publishing and there is also a cartoon series airing on FOX and produced by GONZO.

Historical Overview

  • In 1943, a pigeon called G.I. Joe rescued over 1,000 people in Italy by delivering a crucial message.
  • In 1945, a hit movie, The Story of G.I. Joe, about war correspondent Ernie Pyle in World War II, was released.
  • Nearly 20 years later, seeing the market success of the Barbie doll, Stan Weston, toy creator and licensing agent, brought the idea of a soldier action figure to Don Levine at Hasbro. Inspired in part by the tv series " The Lieutenant", Hasbro saw the potential such an action figure for boys could have. Therefore, in 1964, they launched the G.I. Joe brand, naming it after the aforementioned movie. At that time, the G.I. Joe figures were about the size of the Barbie dolls (12 inches (305 mm) tall). In 1965, a Black Joe was introduced in selected markets.
  • In 1966, soldiers of international armed forces joined the G.I. Joe line up, and Hasbro decided that the entire toy line will be named G.I. Joe.
  • In 1967, G.I. Joe talking figures were introduced. Around this time the only full-sized female G.I. Joe action figure was produced - a nurse. It was not a success, the first real mis-step of the line.
  • By 1970, the war themes of the original G.I. Joe toys were eliminated due to the growing controversy over war toys in the wake of the Vietnam War.

The line became known as "The Adventures of G.I. Joe" for a time, and featured G.I. Joe as a Aquanaut for example.

Various G.I. Joe Action Figures, circa 1975

Now, G.I. Joe was the leader of the "Adventure Team", an adventuring/spy-like organization devised to fight evil. The look of the doll was also changed 1970, adding a flocked beard (an innovation developed in England by Palitoy's for their licensed version of Joe, 'Action Man') in most versions to further distance itself from the soldier version. A retooled black G.I. Joe was also introduced around this time.

  • By 1974, Kung Fu fever had arrived in the United States, so G.I. Joes started to be produced with a "kung fu grip." This involved redesigning the doll's hands in a softer plastic that allowed the fingers to curl and better grip objects in a more lifelike fashion. * In 1975, after a failed bid to gain the rights to the Six Million Dollar Man, Hasbro issued a bionic warrior figure named Mike Power, Atomic Man sold over one million units. Also added to the Adventure Team was a Superhero, Bulletman. Both figures were not in the mold of the rest of team, and further confused the GI Joe line. In 1976, The Intruders, a line of outer space arch rivals, was introduced.

Around the same time, G.I. Joe was given "eagle eye" vision--a movable eye mechanism to allow the toy to appear to be looking around when a lever in the back of the head was moved. This would be the last major innovation for the original toy-line

Image:Gi joe image25.jpg Atomic Man, 1976
  • In 1978, the petroleum crisis directly affected G.I. Joes. Since the toy was produced with plastic and petroleum is a major component in the manufacture of plastic, the cost of producing the toy rose substantially, and after a failed attempt to produce a smaller version called "Super Joe", Hasbro decided to discontinue it although the licensed versions outside the US continued for a while.
  • In 1982, the new figures were downsized to be produced at about the size of Star Wars action figures. The "Adventure Team" idea was modified and combined with the original military theme of the early action figures. This was the beginning of the 1980s G.I. Joe frenzy that would eventually lead to the production of posters, t-shirts, video games, board games, kites, animated movies, and even a cartoon series based on the characters. In 1983, Destro was introduced as one of the first characters at the service of the COBRA Commander.
  • In 1985, both Toy & Lamp and Hobby World magazines ranked G.I. Joe as the top-selling American toy.
  • In 1986, wrestler Robert Remus, aka Sgt. Slaughter, became the first real person to join the G.I. Joe forces. Football player William "Refrigerator" Perry followed suit in 1987. In 1988, Battle Force 2000 was introduced.
  • In 1991, the G.I. Joe Ecowarriors line was produced to raise environmental awareness. 12" figures were also re-introduced as part of an exclusive contract with Target retail stores. In 1992, G.I. Joe joined the war on drugs by introducing the Drug Elimination Force (DEF) line of figures.The line declined with sci-fi themes again, notably the Star Brigade. G.I. Joe also jumped on the Jurassic Park bandwagon and had a set of Dino-hunters.
  • In 1994 the 3 3/4 inch line was cancelled. Sgt. Savage and his Screaming Eagles figures debuted. This was also the 30th Anniversary of G.I. Joe and accordingly, Hasbro released a series of 12 inch and 3 3/4 inch figures based on the original 4 basic services represented in the first waves of the 1964 toy-line.
  • In 1995, G.I. Joe Extreme figures were introduced, along with a comic book, published by Dark Horse comics.
  • In 1997, the original G.I. Joe returned via the G.I. JOE MASTERPIECE EDITION ([2]), a unique book-and-figure product. G.I. Janes were introduced in a series called the Classic Collection, the first 12-inch female dolls in the G.I. Joe line-up since 1967; this doll was a helicopter pilot. The Classic Collection harkened back to the original all military theme of G.I. Joe with fairly realistic uniforms and gear. Soldiers from Australia, Britain, and other nations, as well as United States Forces were featured. The line also presented an all-new articulated GIJOE figure that formed the basis of many offerings to the present day.
  • In 2000, a Navajo Code Talker was introduced, one of only two 12-inch G.I. Joe talking figures (until this time) since the 1970s--The other being "Duke" from the Hall of Fame line. The figures included a toy bomb that "detonated" if handled incorrectly. The 3 3/4" G.I. Joe A Real American Hero Collection figures were also re-released.
  • In 2001, G.I. Joe honored the events of the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor by releasing a line of Pearl Harbor figures. Devil's Due Productions bought the license to publish the G.I. Joe comic book and hired Scott Wherle as editor and freelance writer, Steven Kurth as artist, and real-life fan and active-duty soldier Brian Savage Peterson as Military Consultant and freelance writer. Eventually, the entire creative team changed, with newcomer Brandon Jerwa taking over as writer and Tim Seeley as artist. Sales were unquestionably altered, causing Devil's Due to miss its chance to purchase the rights to reprint the Marvel Comics line.
  • In 2001 new 3 3/4" G.I. Joes were released under various themes including Spy Troops and Valor vs. Venom. The VvsV figures are the exact same scale as the original ARAH figures, while the Spy Troop figures are several mm's taller.
  • In 2004 The direct-to-DVD feature film G.I. Joe: Valor vs. Venom debuted, as well as a new trading card game based on the G.I. Joe vs. Cobra storyline.
  • 2005 brought a new size to the G.I. Joe team with a new line called G.I. Joe: Sigma 6, which is in no way related to the quality management program Six Sigma. These new larger figures are based out of the storyline that started in 1982, but are in a larger scale and will be accompanied by an Anime series made by Japanese animation house GONZO. The previous 12" and 3 3/4" lines were scheduled to go on hiatus near the middle of the year and replaced by Sigma 6. The 3 3/4" line resumed production after a very brief hiatus but is now sold exclusively on a direct-to-consumer basis, through Hasbro's website and select Internet retailers.

Additional Background

The basic premise of the series based on the figures is "good vs. evil". G.I. Joe is a highly capable branch of America's military whose purpose is to defend the world against enemy attack. Their main adversary is the COBRA Organization, a ruthless terrorist organization determined to rule the world.

GI Joe Image/Devils Due comic book cover from the early 21st century incarnation 'G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero'

The cast of each group is full of colorful and eccentric characters, each of whom have interesting abilities. The content of the animated show, although dealing with war and fighting, was still relatively mild as characters rarely, if ever, died even in the most dangerous circumstances. One example of this can be seen whenever an airplane was destroyed in combat; the characters inside were invariably shown parachuting out of the wreckage in the nick of time.

The show was also known for its public service announcements, where one of the Joes would give an important safety lesson to a group of children engaged in risky behavior. These PSAs always ended with the famous exchange: "Now we know!" "And knowing is half the battle".

There were several video game adaptations of G.I. Joe, some are Cobra Strike by Parker Brothers for the Atari 2600 (1983), G.I. Joe by Epyx for the Apple II and the Commodore 64 (1984), G.I. Joe by Taxan for the Nintendo Entertainment System (1991), Action Force by Virgin Games for the Commodore 64 (1987) and G.I. Joe: The Atlantis Factor by Capcom for the Nintendo Entertainment System (1992). [3]

G.I. Joe has also appeared as a comic book, with many of its characters being made into action figures. The comics, in contrast to the cartoons, were much more realistic in their portrayal of violence; some characters were even killed (but no major ones, except for one "special" issue in which more than a dozen named Joes were executed by a random Cobra soldier, an event which initially distressed Cobra Commander). Comic book writer Larry Hama is credited with developing most of the characters for the updated toy collection.

According to its 1980s animated series, "G.I. Joe is the code name for America's daring, highly-trained special mission force. Its purpose: to defend human freedom against COBRA, a ruthless terrorist organization determined to rule the world."

G.I. Joes represent characters of all branches of the United States military, both male and female, to fight against their "enemy", Cobra, also produced by Hasbro and marketed under the G.I. Joe brand.

The original G.I. Joe Action Figures (hitting the marketplace in 1964) were toys similar to Ken, Barbie's boyfriend, but with a much increased articulation range, and more rugged appearance. Joe stood 11.5 inches, with 21 points of articulation, making him the first 'Action Figure' (a title that Hasbro insisted on, to make Joe more palatable to parents reluctant to let their boys play with a 'doll')

Later, a much smaller G.I. Joe was created. These figures were almost four inches (10 cm) tall and also drove kids to beg their parents for new toys, but this time for a different reason. The main difference between the two lines was that the 12 in (30 cm) figure could change his clothes to meet any challenge, while the 3 3/4 in (10 cm) team had various figures who could each meet specific challenges. This time, instead of needing a wetsuit for G.I. Joe to wear, the G.I. Joe Team had a new member called Wetsuit whose military occupational speciality was a Navy SEAL. The smaller G.I. Joes also had a variety of additional weapons and vehicles which could be purchased to assist them on their missions.

In 1966, Palitoy Ltd. produced a British version of the 12-inch G.I. Joe line, under the Action Man name for the UK market. Initially these were the exact same designs as the American figures, and at first the same military theme which included figures from the Second World War. The line later expanded the line to include ALL men of action, like footballers and other sports figures. Later, they also adopted the Adventure Team line, calling themselves the 'Action Force'; the figures had the same appearance and codenames as the American G.I. Joes, but their identities and histories were international rather than purely American or British. In the 1980's sales in the UK fell off and by the late 80s UK production had ceased, replaced by G.I. Joe imports. Action Man under Hasbro has since made his reappearance.

The GI Joe line was also licensed to Germany under the Action Team name, including female figures - which were notably absent from the UK Action Man line.

The original 12-inch G.I. Joe line ended in America in 1977. Later that year a smaller 8 and a half inch version of G.I. Joe was produced and advertised on TV. This size was close in scale but slightly taller than the Mego 8 inch action figures popular at the time. This new version was called "Super Joe," and also known as the "Super Joe Adventure Team." Some of the costumes for the line had the name "Super G.I. Joe" sewn inside to the seam. A hybrid of superhero and space action lines, three of the Super Joe hero characters, Super Joe Commander, Super Joe (Caucasian) and Super Joe (African American), featured a "1-2 Punch" that could be activated by pressing panels on the figure's back. Two other heroic characters, The Shield and Luminos, were called "Night Fighters" and had light up battery powered features. The villains were Gor: King of the Terrons, Darkon: Half Man Half Monster and a large walking dinosaur-like alien called Terron: Beast From Beyond. Super Joe was discontinued by the end of 1978. The same basic body molds were used later by a subsidiary of Hasbro to produce a line of action figures based on the TV Series "Space Academy." Due to the poor quality of the materials used in manufacturing, very few if any of the Super Joe figures survive in intact condition.

Real life persons honored with G.I. Joe figures

The G.I. Joe brand has made promotional action figures based on real-life persons, both military and civilian (such as sports and pro wrestling stars, presidents, and a war correspondent), that the company deems Real American Heroes, as the G.I. Joe slogan says. Among these are:

  • Buzz Aldrin
  • Roy Benavidez
  • Robert Crippen
  • Francis E. Currey
  • John R. Fox
  • Bob Hope
  • Dwight Eisenhower
  • Mike Leonard
  • Douglas MacArthur
  • Audie Murphy
  • George Patton
  • William "Refrigerator" Perry
  • Francis J. Pierce
  • Colin Powell
  • Ernie Pyle
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Emil Sitka
  • "Sgt. Slaughter" né Robert Remus
  • George Washington
  • Ted Williams

The character is such a part of the U.S. vernacular that a 1997 movie starring Demi Moore was called G.I. Jane.


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Jane. Recording at 100 Mbits/s, it uses a better color compression method to give better color representation than a standard DV25 or MiniDV cassette and less compression artifacts. vernacular that a 1997 movie starring Demi Moore was called G.I. Broadcast-level HD cameras often record to hard-drives via a raw input/output or to tape or flash disks in formats that support higher bitrates than MiniDV cassettes such a DVCPro HD. The character is such a part of the U.S. All major Camcorder vendors provide camcorders in this segment. Among these are:. It records MPEG-2TS compressed HDTV video on standard DV media (DV or MiniDV cassette tape) and transfers it using Firewire.

Joe slogan says. The standard for consumer/prosumer HDTV acquisition is High-Definition Video (HDV). Joe brand has made promotional action figures based on real-life persons, both military and civilian (such as sports and pro wrestling stars, presidents, and a war correspondent), that the company deems Real American Heroes, as the G.I. Some DVD manufacturers such as Philips are licensing the DivX codec in order to play 720p/1080i content recorded on standard consumer DVD-R discs. The G.I. This upconversion process can improve the perceived picture quality of standard-definition video. The same basic body molds were used later by a subsidiary of Hasbro to produce a line of action figures based on the TV Series "Space Academy." Due to the poor quality of the materials used in manufacturing, very few if any of the Super Joe figures survive in intact condition. These players, however, are not considered to be true HD DVD players since they include only an integrated scaler to upconvert the standard-definition DVD video to high-definition video.

Super Joe was discontinued by the end of 1978. There are now some DVD players that will output enhanced or high-definition signals from standard-definition DVDs. The villains were Gor: King of the Terrons, Darkon: Half Man Half Monster and a large walking dinosaur-like alien called Terron: Beast From Beyond. Although they disagree about physical format technology, both the HD DVD and Blu-ray factions have selected the same three video codecs to be mandatory in their designs: specifically, MPEG-2 Part 2, VC-1, and H.264. Two other heroic characters, The Shield and Luminos, were called "Night Fighters" and had light up battery powered features. The Blu-ray format has already gained a majority support from almost every major movie studio in the USA, while the HD DVD format has received support from a smaller consortium of companies, many of whom have also pledged support for Blu-ray anyway. A hybrid of superhero and space action lines, three of the Super Joe hero characters, Super Joe Commander, Super Joe (Caucasian) and Super Joe (African American), featured a "1-2 Punch" that could be activated by pressing panels on the figure's back. A more likely possibility is that the PlayStation 3 console (manufactured by Sony, the main advocate of Blu-ray discs) will gain a major lead in sales for Blu-ray players when it launches in 2006.

Joe" sewn inside to the seam. A possible outcome of a messy format war could be the emergence of combo players, as the physical disc sizes are identical. This new version was called "Super Joe," and also known as the "Super Joe Adventure Team." Some of the costumes for the line had the name "Super G.I. As a result, this will likely lead to certain films becoming available only on one format. This size was close in scale but slightly taller than the Mego 8 inch action figures popular at the time. Both sides of the HD disc camp are likely to leverage studio partners against each other through exclusive arrangements. Joe was produced and advertised on TV. A format war is now very likely between the DVD Forum's HD DVD (formerly "Advanced Optical Disc") standard and the Blu-ray Disc Association's Blu-ray disc standard.

Later that year a smaller 8 and a half inch version of G.I. Recently, the DVD Forum and the Blu-ray Disc Association failed to agree on standards for high-definition 12-cm discs. Joe line ended in America in 1977. It was unclear to On2 and the arbitrator whether the Chinese government ever approved the EVD proposal as a standard. The original 12-inch G.I. On2 filed multiple breach of contract claims for arbitration, but in March of 2005 the arbitrator ruled that E-World had not broken the contract and owed nothing to On2. The GI Joe line was also licensed to Germany under the Action Team name, including female figures - which were notably absent from the UK Action Man line. Soon after the announcement that VP6 would be used on EVD, negotiations between On2 and E-World (the consortium pushing EVD to become a standard) broke down.

Action Man under Hasbro has since made his reappearance. studio will commit to movies in this format without some form of copy-protection, which is not yet specified. Joe imports. It is unlikely any major U.S. In the 1980's sales in the UK fell off and by the late 80s UK production had ceased, replaced by G.I. Very few titles were made available in any market for this format, although it is presumed that many would be needed to drive purchase of incompatible players. Joes, but their identities and histories were international rather than purely American or British. A low cost for the codec itself is not a significant advantage over DVD, however, as the standalone hardware players will be incompatible with standard DVD-Video unless the manufacturer pays the royalties for the technologies necessary to make the player DVD-compatible.

Later, they also adopted the Adventure Team line, calling themselves the 'Action Force'; the figures had the same appearance and codenames as the American G.I. As China starts to dominate manufacturing of TV and DVD units, the country's choice of standards becomes more important for everyone. The line later expanded the line to include ALL men of action, like footballers and other sports figures. As an advantage, VP6 would not require royalties on recorded media (although royalties would be charged for player devices at a similar cost as for other codecs). Initially these were the exact same designs as the American figures, and at first the same military theme which included figures from the Second World War. As reported, this was a result of China's desire to avoid royalties on WM9 or AVC. Joe line, under the Action Man name for the UK market. VP6 was reported by On2 to have been chosen by China for use in the Enhanced Versatile Disc (EVD) format initiative.

produced a British version of the 12-inch G.I. H.264 is also used by some for encoding video podcasts. In 1966, Palitoy Ltd. Since many movie trailers are released in QuickTime format, when movie distributors started releasing HD trailers on the web the format they chose was H.264. Joes also had a variety of additional weapons and vehicles which could be purchased to assist them on their missions. H.264 has made significant progress towards becoming a widespread video format on the internet thanks to Apple Computer's QuickTime software supporting the format as of version 7. The smaller G.I. Example of broadcasters concerns.

Joe Team had a new member called Wetsuit whose military occupational speciality was a Navy SEAL. However, this is currently a rumour and has not yet been challenged. Joe to wear, the G.I. In fact, there is some concern in the community that Microsoft may have appropriated itself the H.264 standard, modified and improved upon it and are trying to resell the solution as VC-1, without providing dues to the MPEG-LA. This time, instead of needing a wetsuit for G.I. The main areas of dominance of VC-1 seem currently to be in the Blu-Ray DVD (HD DVD have not yet announced support for VC-1) and, for obvious reason, the home PCs. The main difference between the two lines was that the 12 in (30 cm) figure could change his clothes to meet any challenge, while the 3 3/4 in (10 cm) team had various figures who could each meet specific challenges. It has been thought for a while that VC-1 was better adapted for the IPTV world than H.264, but press announcements have also already been made by some of the largest STB manufacturers like Amino, Pace, Kreatel demonstrating solutions based on H.264 standards.

These figures were almost four inches (10 cm) tall and also drove kids to beg their parents for new toys, but this time for a different reason. So far, only a handful of very minor broadcasters are seriously considering VC-1. Joe was created. H.264 was chosen for several reasons: The standard was validated as an open standard at least a year before VC-1 was seriously considered as a potential open standard, and, then, there is a lot of uncertainty on the levies Microsoft may want to impose once the algorithm is adopted. Later, a much smaller G.I. H.264 as a standard has already been selected and adopted by the biggest broadcasters in the USA (DirecTV, DISH Network) and Europe (BSkyB, Premiere, Canal+, TPS, ...). Joe stood 11.5 inches, with 21 points of articulation, making him the first 'Action Figure' (a title that Hasbro insisted on, to make Joe more palatable to parents reluctant to let their boys play with a 'doll'). Other codecs are in contention such as AVC (MPEG-4 part 10, also known as H.264, approved by the ITU-T and MPEG standards bodies in early-2003) and the VP6 and now VP7 codecs from On2 Technologies.

Joe Action Figures (hitting the marketplace in 1964) were toys similar to Ken, Barbie's boyfriend, but with a much increased articulation range, and more rugged appearance. The codec has been submitted to SMPTE and is in SMPTE's standardization process with an intent for it to become an official SMPTE standard known as VC-1 in the near-future. The original G.I. As of the start of 2005, Microsoft recommends a 3.0 GHz processor with 512 MB of RAM and a 128-MB video card for 1080p playback on Windows XP, though they are now commercially available DVD players, like the KiSS DP-600, that will play back WMV HD DVD ROMs in high definition on HDTV sets. Joe brand. Since then, more titles have become available in this format, such as the acclaimed surf documentary Step Into Liquid. Joes represent characters of all branches of the United States military, both male and female, to fight against their "enemy", Cobra, also produced by Hasbro and marketed under the G.I. As of November 2003, this format required a significant amount of processing power to encode and decode and the only commercially-available movie that used the codec was the Terminator 2: Extreme Edition DVD (see 1).

G.I. It remains to be seen if the codec will be adopted for widespread use, if only as a Wi-Fi industry standard. Its purpose: to defend human freedom against COBRA, a ruthless terrorist organization determined to rule the world.". Microsoft is marketing its high-definition Windows Media 9 Series codec as WMV HD. Joe is the code name for America's daring, highly-trained special mission force. In an attempt to provide a bitrate-compatible high-definition format for high-definition video on standard DVD-ROMs, Microsoft introduced their Windows Media 9 Series codec with the ability to compress a high-definition bitstream into the same space as a conventional NTSC bitstream (approximately 5 to 9 megabits per second for 720p and higher). According to its 1980s animated series, "G.I. It is expected to have a big impact on the HDTV market.

Comic book writer Larry Hama is credited with developing most of the characters for the updated toy collection. Sony will include a Blu-ray player in PlayStation 3, and it will be released during 2006. The comics, in contrast to the cartoons, were much more realistic in their portrayal of violence; some characters were even killed (but no major ones, except for one "special" issue in which more than a dozen named Joes were executed by a random Cobra soldier, an event which initially distressed Cobra Commander). Blu-ray uses a blue-laser optical disc with an MPEG-2 or MPEG-4 codec. Joe has also appeared as a comic book, with many of its characters being made into action figures. Blu-ray technology is currently available only in Japan with a Japanese satellite/terrestrial tuner, but is expected to be released in other world markets in 2006. G.I. HD programming may be recorded on optical disc using Blu-ray or on HD DVD.

[3]. D-Theater is currently a small niche market even within the niche HDTV community, and it appears as if the final D-Theater title was published in 2004. Joe: The Atlantis Factor by Capcom for the Nintendo Entertainment System (1992). This format is superior to broadcast HDTV due to its higher bandwidth and, of course, the ability to do non-realtime optimization of the encoding, which is not possible with broadcast HDTV. Joe by Taxan for the Nintendo Entertainment System (1991), Action Force by Virgin Games for the Commodore 64 (1987) and G.I. Comprising less than 100 titles and utilizing a 28-Mbit/s MPEG2 stream at 720p or 1080i with either Dolby Digital 5.1 or DTS encoding, D-Theater is an encrypted D-VHS format, and only D-Theater capable D-VHS players can play back these tapes. Joe by Epyx for the Apple II and the Commodore 64 (1984), G.I. Aside from scarce Japanese analog MUSE-encoded laser discs that are no longer produced, as of 2005 the only current available prerecorded HD media is D-Theater.

Joe, some are Cobra Strike by Parker Brothers for the Atari 2600 (1983), G.I. This encryption can prevent someone from recording content at all or simply limit the number of copies. There were several video game adaptations of G.I. This content is protected by encryption known as 5C. These PSAs always ended with the famous exchange: "Now we know!" "And knowing is half the battle". As of July 2004, boxes are not included in the FCC mandate. The show was also known for its public service announcements, where one of the Joes would give an important safety lesson to a group of children engaged in risky behavior. None of the DBS providers have offered this feature on any of their supported boxes.

One example of this can be seen whenever an airplane was destroyed in combat; the characters inside were invariably shown parachuting out of the wreckage in the nick of time. As part of the FCC's "plug and play" agreement, cable companies are required to provide customers that rent HD set-top boxes with a set-top box with "functional" Firewire (IEEE 1394) upon request. The content of the animated show, although dealing with war and fighting, was still relatively mild as characters rarely, if ever, died even in the most dangerous circumstances. Analog tape recorders with bandwidth capable of recording analog HD signals such as W-VHS recorders are no longer produced for the consumer market and are both expensive and scarce in the secondary market. The cast of each group is full of colorful and eccentric characters, each of whom have interesting abilities. Realtime MPEG-2 compression of an uncompressed digital HDTV signal is also prohibitively expensive for the consumer market at this time, but should become inexpensive within several years (although this is more relevant for consumer HD camcorders than recording HDTV). Their main adversary is the COBRA Organization, a ruthless terrorist organization determined to rule the world. However, the massive amount of data storage required to archive uncompressed streams make it unlikely that an uncompressed storage option will appear in the consumer market soon.

Joe is a highly capable branch of America's military whose purpose is to defend the world against enemy attack. D-VHS digitally records a 28.2-Mbit stream onto a classic VHS tape, using a FireWire (IEEE 1394) digital transport to carry a compressed MPEG-2 Transport Stream from the tuning device to the recorder. G.I. In the U.S., the only current archival option is D-VHS. evil". HDTV can be recorded to D-VHS (Data-VHS), W-VHS, to an HDTV-capable digital video recorder such as DirecTV's high-definition TiVo or Dish Network's DVR 921 or 942, or to a computer equipped with an HDTV capture card. The basic premise of the series based on the figures is "good vs. Lower-resolution sources like regular DVDs may be upscaled to the native resolution of the TV.

This would be the last major innovation for the original toy-line. An HDTV-compatible TV usually uses a 16:9 aspect ratio display with an integrated ATSC tuner. Joe was given "eagle eye" vision--a movable eye mechanism to allow the toy to appear to be looking around when a lever in the back of the head was moved. In the United States, HDTV specifications are defined by the ATSC. Around the same time, G.I. Viewers without HDTV sets will continue to receive their television programming through analog transmission approaches. Joe was also introduced around this time. Viewers with HDTV sets will receive picture resolution six times sharper than standard definition analog sets.

A retooled black G.I. In January 2006, Televisa's XEFB-TV and Multimedios' XHAW-TV in Monterrey, Nuevo Leon began HDTV transmissions on UHF channels 48 and 50, respectively. The look of the doll was also changed 1970, adding a flocked beard (an innovation developed in England by Palitoy's for their licensed version of Joe, 'Action Man') in most versions to further distance itself from the soldier version. San Antonio in Tijuana, Mexico with 403,000 watts, directed primarily northward at San Diego. Joe was the leader of the "Adventure Team", an adventuring/spy-like organization devised to fight evil. This affiliate of the American Fox TV Network is on UHF channel 23 broadcasting from Mt. Now, G.I. XETV in Tijuana, Baja California - across the border from San Diego, California - is on the air in HDTV using 720p format.

Joe as a Aquanaut for example. And one retailer, Elektra, started shipping televisions with HDTV receivers to support this broadcast. Joe" for a time, and featured G.I. Also, TV Azteca has planned to broadcast the Mexican football tournament in HDTV. The line became known as "The Adventures of G.I. Phase Two of the national rollout will bring HDTV services to six additional cities (Matamoros, Reynosa, Nuevo Laredo, Ciudad Juarez, Mexicali and Tijuana) through the first half of 2006. The comic is produced and published by Devil's Due Publishing and there is also a cartoon series airing on FOX and produced by GONZO. By the third quarter of 2006, HDTV transmissions will be available in Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey.

Joe: Sigma 6. The launch will be carried out in two phases. Joe on the toy shelves with 8"-sized action figures, G.I. In 2005, TV Azteca signed a deal with Harris Corporation's broadcast communications division for digital TV transmitters and HDTV encoding equipment to bring high-definition TV to nine Mexican cities. In the fall of 2005, Hasbro re-introduced G.I. During the first half of 2005, at least one cable provider in Mexico City (Cablevision) has begun to offer 5 HDTV channels to subscribers purchasing a digital video recorder (DVR). Joe series, as well as new toy characters. Some events are now broadcast in high definition.

These figures were designed with the adult collector in mind, and while retaining the sculpting style of the 2002-2005 "themed years," produced toy characters from the "original 1982-1994" G.I. Mexican television company Televisa made experimental HDTV broadcasts in the early-1990s, in collaboration with Japan's NHK. The 3.75" sized figures were removed from toy shop shelves early in 2005, and sold exclusively through online retailers and through a new Hasbro online store, Hasbro Toy Shop. It is required that at least 10 hours of HD content to be broadcast on a weekly basis during the first year of commercial digital service. Venom" also had an OVA CGI movie. From 2005, digital services are available in all the country. "Valor vs. After a long controversy between the government and broadcasters, ATSC was chosen over DVB-T.

Venom" theme up until the first half of 2005. It is reported that two million HD receivers have been sold in Japan already. 2004 featured the "Valor vs. Japan terrestrial broadcast of HD via ISDB-T started in December 2003. There was a direct-to-video "Spytroops" CGI movie. The old system is not compatible with the new digital standards. 2003 was themed "Spytroops" and had many figures produced with "O-rings" again. Japan had pioneered HDTV for decades with an analog implementation.

Cobra" and featured new style figures that had "T-crotches" with no "O-ring." New characters were introduced in that period and new molds for both old and new. The purpose of the label is create a single norm to simplify the purchase of a HDTV in Europe. Joe vs. A label "HD-ready" has been created to inform consumers of the benefits of High Definition. In 2002, the theme was "G.I. Although most of these channesl are pay tv, there are some free to air hd stations available(Prosieben & Sat 1), as well as technical transmissions by satellite. Each year's 3.75" series had a slight change in figure production construction. As for 2006, there has been a slow but steady increase in the number of HD channels available to european viewers in many countries.

The basic 3.75" sized GI Joe toy sculpture style was changed in 2001 with the introduction of yearly themes. Commercial HDTV services began in 2004 with Euro1080, an Belgian MPEG2/DVB-S pay channel. Joe's popularity. CBC officially launched HDTV programming on March 5, 2005. The comic series was helpful in bringing back G.I. as of early-2005. In 2001, the Devil's Due publishing company bought the rights to produce new comics that continued the storyline from Marvel Comics. CHUM Limited's Citytv in Toronto was the first HDTV broadcaster in Canada, however very few shows are shown in HDTV beyond the well-known ones such as CSI, ER, etc.

Some original 1982-1994 3.75 inch line toys were "re-produced" in "collector edition" 2-packs, along with vehicles. Other networks are continuing to announce availability of HD signals. Joe: A Real American Hero line. Global joined the crowd in late-2004. Toys R Us began carrying a store-exclusive line that featured "re-produced" figures and vehicles from the G.I. They were also the first to broadcast a terrestrial HD digital ATSC signal in Canada. There was also a cartoon series that supported the toyline. CTV Toronto broadcast in HD along with its western counterpart, BC CTV.

Joe Extreme comic. stations plus some PBS feeds and a couple of pay-TV movie channels. Dark Horse Comics produced the G.I. Bell ExpressVu, a Canadian satellite company, Rogers Cable and Videotron provide somewhat more than 21 HDTV channels to their subscribers including TSN HD, SportsNet HD, Discovery HD (Canadian Edition), The Movie Network HD, and several U.S. Savage is a part of this series. In Canada, on November 22, 2003, CBC had their first broadcast in HD, in the form of the Heritage Classic outdoor NHL game between the Edmonton Oilers and the Montreal Canadiens. Sgt. A complete testbed is expected for 2006 (see http://sbtvd.cpqd.com.br/ for updates).

These figures, as well as vehicles, took on a future premise storyline that had the Extreme team battling SKAR. Brazilian universities, research and government institutions are discussing the best policies for a digital television system for use in Brazil. Joe Extreme was introduced in a 5" tall, limited articulation format. However, most Australian DTV broadcasters are still experimenting with HDTV transmission and DTV delivery. G.I. Most cities in Australia that have a population of 40,000 or greater have at least one terrestrial DTV channel available (for example, Albany, Western Australia, has had DTV available for almost a year as of May, 2005). Savage. Australia started HD broadcasting in January 2001, but only in August 2003 was HD content mandated.

There was one cartoon featuring Sgt. See also: COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 92/38/EEC of 11 May 1992. The enemy force was the Iron Army, cybernetically-enhanced WWII style criminals and robots. The HD-MAC standard was abandoned in 1993, and since then all EU and EBU efforts have focused on the DVB system (Digital Video Broadcasting), which allows both SDTV and HDTV. Joe but it contains its themes. Thus, analogue HDTV could not replace conventional SDTV (terrestrial) PAL/SECAM, making HD-MAC sets unattractive to potential consumers. The series was not labeled G.I. HD-MAC could be used only by cable and satellite providers, where there is a wider bandwidth available.

Savage and his Screaming Eagles were produced. Another reason for HD-MAC's failure is that it was not realistic to use 36 MHz for a high-definition signal in terrestrial broadcasting (SDTV uses 6-, 7- (VHF), or 8-MHz (UHF)). This was the only year Sgt. HD-MAC (the high-definition variant of MAC) was left for transcontinental satellite links, however. Savage and his Screaming Eagles were put on the toy shelves in a 4" size, World War II-based theme. Owing to the advance of technology and the launch of middle-powered satellites by SES Astra, broadcasters could avoid MAC, and lower transmission costs. Sgt. It was required that all high-powered satellite broadcasters use MAC from that year.

The toyline and the accompanying television show and comics were renamed Action Force, presumably to make the toyline appear more international and less American-centric. However, it never became popular among broadcasters. Joe: A Real American Hero was renamed for the European market. The European Commission established a European standard for uncompressed digital HDTV in a 1986 directive (MAC). G.I. It broadcasts the same programs as BS-digital channel 103, but will end sometime in 2007. There was also a Marvel Comic series that featured many of the toy characterizations. Though Japan has since switched to a digital HDTV system based on ISDB, the original MUSE-based BS Satellite channel 9 (NHK BS Hi-vision) is still being broadcast.

There was also two series of cartoons, "Sunbow", and "DIC" produced with this toyline. The Japanese MUSE system, developed by NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories (STRL) in the 1980s, employed filtering tricks to reduce the original source signal to decrease bandwidth utilization. Each toy figure included a character bio, called a "file card." During the 12 year production, there were many "subsets" produced. Japan began broadcasting analog HDTV signals in the early 1990s using an interlaced resolution of 1035 lines (1035i). Cobra was the main enemy force during this toy lines run. Japan has the earliest working HDTV system still in use, with design efforts going back to 1979. This toy series lasted through 1994, producing over 500 figures and 250 vehicles and playsets. It was transmitted only on VHF channels, and a French 819-line TV channel occupied 14 MHz of bandwidth.

Joe was re-introduced in a 3.75" format. It was used only for black-and-white TV; color TV in 819-line SECAM never went beyond the experimental stage. After a few years of absence from the toy shelves and with the help of the Star Wars 3.75" figure successes, G.I. It was discontinued in 1986. Joe was discontinued for the same reason Super Joe was introduced, the rising cost of petroleum. The French "755i" 819-line HDTV system was used in only France, Belgium and Monaco, and in France only for the first French TV channel. Finally in 1978, G.I. When, in the late-1960s, a second TV channel and color TV were introduced in Europe, the UK dropped its 405-line TV system (completely in 1985) and France dropped its 819-line system, making all European countries agree to use 625 lines (576i) for their TV transmissions.

The Super Joe series had the characters turned into superheroes. The French 819-line (or 755i) HDTV system was introduced in the 1950s. Joe to 8 inches was implemented with the name of Super Joe. The French TV system thus became the world's first HDTV system, and, by today's standards, the French system could be called 755i (not all lines could be used for the actual image — some lines were lost during the vertical retrace). With rising oil prices in 1977, a cost-saving measure of "shrinking" G.I. The UK used 405 lines, most other countries 625 lines (both numbers include the vertical gap, the actual resolution were lower), but France decided in 1948 to go for 819 lines. It was also the period where there is a departure from its traditional military settings and began wading in to more fantastic concepts such as the introduction of the Intruders, alien invaders who are the Adventure Team's arch nemesis. in the late-1940s and early-1950s, different countries used different resolutions.

These were the years of the Adventure Team and the Kung Fu grip. When Europe resumed TV transmissions after WWII, i.e. Joe was licenced to several countries:. Most professionals in 3D technology foresee greater use of stereo visuals and animation as HDTV becomes the norm. The 12-inch G.I. The Discovery HD channel has already provided a small amount of science programing in 3D. Later on, the line featured members from America's Armed Forces and some foreign soldiers as well. A number of 3D stereoscopic major animation films like Polar Express, Disney's Chicken Little and 6 more scheduled for 2006 release, will be likely to be sold for home display in one or more of the new HD disk systems in 3D.

Joe. For more technical details see the articles on HDV, ATSC, DVB, and ISDB, respectively. The toyline was dedicated to one character named G.I. New HD compression and recording formats such as HDV use rectanglar pixels for more efficient compression and to open HDTV aquisition for the consumer market. They were 12" tall. The pixel aspect ratio of native HD signals is 1.0, or 1 pixel length = 1 pixel width. Joe. HDTV is capable of "theater-quality" audio because it uses the Dolby Digital (AC-3) format to support "5.1" surround sound.

Hasbro toy company's first "action figure" was introduced with the name of G.I. Recommended receiver is Humax PR-HD 1000, but others are announced as well as PCI cards. Joe toys came out:. Some German broadcasters already use MPEG-4 together with DVB-S2 (ProSieben, Sat1 and Three Premiere Channels). The following G.I. Some broadcasters also plan to use MPEG-4. . Although MPEG-2 supports up to 4:2:2 YUV chroma subsampling and 10-bit quantization, HD broadcasts use 4:2:0 and 8-bit quantization to save bandwidth.

Joe, no longer referred to one specific character but to a toyline brand. MPEG-2 is most commonly used as the compression codec for digital HDTV broadcasts. The name, G.I. NBC, Universal-HD (both owned by General Electric), CBS, HBO-HD, INHD, HDNet and TNT currently broadcast 1080i content. Two years later, Hasbro began featuring members from all branches of the armed forces. In North America, Fox, ABC, and ESPN (ABC and ESPN are both owned by Disney) currently broadcast 720p content. Joe. An LCD capable of native 1080i resolution still costs over a thousand US dollars.

The toyline began with the aptly named G.I. 720p appears at full resolution on a common 1280x1024 LCD, which can be found for under $250. Joe became a series of military-themed action figures produced by the Hasbro toy company. 720p Video also has lower storage and decoding requirements than 1080i or 1080p, and few people possess displays capable of displaying the 1920x1080 resolution without scaling. In 1964, the character G.I. In addition, 720p is used more often with internet distribution of HD video, as all computer monitors are progressive, and most graphics cards do a sub-optimal job of de-interlacing video in real time. Joe [1], directed by William Wellman and starring Burgess Meredith as acclaimed war correspondent Ernie Pyle. In general, 720p is more appropriate for fast action as it uses progressive fields, as opposed to 1080i which uses interlaced fields and thus can have a degredation of image quality with fast motion.

In 1945, United Artists released a movie titled The Story of G.I. The format depends on the broadcast company if destined for television broadcast, however in other scenarios the format choice will vary depending on a variety of factors. His strip debuted June 17, 1942 in the military's YANK magazine and Stars and Stripes newspaper. Noncinematic HDTV video recordings are recorded in either 720p or 1080i format. Joe" from the military reference "Government Issue". (See also: Deinterlacing). Breger came up with the title "G.I. These may be upconverted to a higher resolution format (720i), but removing the interlace to match the common 720p format may distort the picture or require filtering which actually reduces the resolution of the final output.

Joe is a cartoon soldier created by David Breger when he was asked to do a comic strip for United States military magazines during World War II. Older (pre-HDTV) recordings on video tape such as Betacam SP are often either in the form 480i60 or 576i50. G.I. (See also: Telecine). Ted Williams. One film frame is held for three video fields, (1/20 of a second) and then the next is held for two video fields (1/30 of a second) and then the process repeats, thus achieving the correct film rate with two film frames shown in 1/12 of a second. George Washington. In countries using the NTSC standard, (60 fps) a technique called 3:2 pulldown is used.

Slaughter" né Robert Remus. When shown on television in countries using PAL, film must be converted to 25 frames per second by speeding it up by 4%. "Sgt. Depending on the available bandwidth and the amount of detail and movement in the picture, the optimum format for video transfer is thus either 720p24 or 1080p24. Emil Sitka. Photographic film destined for the theatre typically has a high resolution and is photographed at 24 frame/s. Theodore Roosevelt. The lossy compression that is used in all digital HDTV systems will then cause the picture to be distorted.

Ernie Pyle. On the other hand, a very high resolution may require more bandwidth than is available. Colin Powell. The field and frame rate should match the source, as should the resolution. Pierce. The optimum format for a broadcast depends on the type of media used for the recording and the characteristics of the content. Francis J. In addition, the technical standards for broadcasting HDTV are also able to handle 16:9 aspect ratio pictures without using letterboxing, thus further increasing the effective resolution for such content.

William "Refrigerator" Perry. HDTV has at least twice the resolution of SDTV, thus allowing much more detail to be shown compared to analog television or regular DVD. George Patton. The most common are:. Audie Murphy. Most HDTV systems support some standard resolutions and frame or field rates. Douglas MacArthur. For example 24p means 24 progressive frames per second and 50i means 25 interlaced frames per second.

Mike Leonard. A frame or field rate can also be specified without a resolution. Dwight Eisenhower. It can then usually be assumed to be either 50 or 60, except for 1080p which is only supported as 1080p24, 1080p25 or 1080p30 by consumer HDTV displays. Bob Hope. Often the frame or field rate is left out. Fox. The format 1080i50 is 1920 × 1080 pixels, interlaced encoding with 50 fields (25 frames) per second.

John R. For example, the format 720p60 is 1280 × 720 pixels, progressive encoding with 60 frames per second. Currey. In the context of HDTV, the formats of the broadcasts are referred to using a notation describing:. Francis E. . Robert Crippen. This is a confusing use of the terms HD and HDTV.

Roy Benavidez. Even HD-ready sets do not necessarily have enough pixels to display video to the 1080-line (1920x1080) or 720-line (1280x720) HD standards in full resolution without interpolation, and HD-compatible sets are often just standard-definition sets with an HDMI input. Buzz Aldrin. They indicate that a TV or display is able to accept video over an HDMI connection, using a new connector design, the main purpose of which seems to be to ensure that digital video is only passed over an interface which, by agreement, incorporates copyright protection. The 3 3/4" line resumed production after a very brief hiatus but is now sold exclusively on a direct-to-consumer basis, through Hasbro's website and select Internet retailers. The terms HD ready and HD compatible are being used around the industrial world for marketing purposes. The previous 12" and 3 3/4" lines were scheduled to go on hiatus near the middle of the year and replaced by Sigma 6. The world used analog PAL, NTSC, SECAM and other standards for over half a century.

These new larger figures are based out of the storyline that started in 1982, but are in a larger scale and will be accompanied by an Anime series made by Japanese animation house GONZO. Most patents were expiring by the end of World War II leaving the market wide open and no worldwide standard for television agreed upon. Joe: Sigma 6, which is in no way related to the quality management program Six Sigma. It was patent interference lawsuits and deployment issues given the tumultuous financial climate of the late 20's and 30's. Joe team with a new line called G.I. Farnsworth, John Logie Baird and Vladimir Zworkin had each developed competing TV systems but resolution was not the issue that separated their substantially different technologies. 2005 brought a new size to the G.I. Historically, the term high-definition television was also used to refer to television standards developed in the 1930s to replace the early experimental systems, although, not so long afterwards, Philo T.

Cobra storyline. Except for early analog formats in Europe and Japan, HDTV is broadcast digitally, and therefore its introduction sometimes coincides with the introduction of digital television (DTV). Joe vs. High-definition television (HDTV) means broadcast of television signals with a higher resolution than traditional formats (NTSC, SÉCAM, PAL) allow. Venom debuted, as well as a new trading card game based on the G.I. TV Azteca Plans HDTV Mexican Rollout. Joe: Valor vs. High Definition (HD) Image Formats for Television Production, technical report from the EBU.

In 2004 The direct-to-DVD feature film G.I. High Definition for Europe - a progressive approach, article from the EBU technical review . The VvsV figures are the exact same scale as the original ARAH figures, while the Spy Troop figures are several mm's taller. Images formats for HDTV, article from the EBU technical review . Venom. DVB HDTV standard. Joes were released under various themes including Spy Troops and Valor vs. DTV channel protection ratios.

In 2001 new 3 3/4" G.I. United States Federal Standard 1037C. Sales were unquestionably altered, causing Devil's Due to miss its chance to purchase the rights to reprint the Marvel Comics line. MUSE had a bit-reduced stereo audio transmission system that was notable in its design as it was not psychoacoustical like Musicam. Eventually, the entire creative team changed, with newcomer Brandon Jerwa taking over as writer and Tim Seeley as artist. Considering the technological limitations of the time, MUSE was a very cleverly-designed analog system. Joe comic book and hired Scott Wherle as editor and freelance writer, Steven Kurth as artist, and real-life fan and active-duty soldier Brian Savage Peterson as Military Consultant and freelance writer. Whole-camera pans would result in a loss of 50% of horizontal resolution.

Devil's Due Productions bought the license to publish the G.I. Stationary images were transmitted at full resolution. Joe honored the events of the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor by releasing a line of Pearl Harbor figures. Moving images were thus blurred in a manner similar to using 16mm movie film for HDTV projection. In 2001, G.I. In the typical setup, three picture elements on a line were actually derived from three separate scans. Joe A Real American Hero Collection figures were also re-released. The increased clarity, and detail make larger screen sizes more comfortable and pleasing to watch.

The 3 3/4" G.I. Both systems will usually play current DVDs, and attempt to extract a near-HDTV-quality image from them, but they are not compatible with each other. The figures included a toy bomb that "detonated" if handled incorrectly. One is called HD DVD, the other is Blu-ray. Joe talking figures (until this time) since the 1970s--The other being "Duke" from the Hall of Fame line. Two new pre-recorded disc formats will be available in spring 2006. In 2000, a Navajo Code Talker was introduced, one of only two 12-inch G.I. The gaps between scaning lines are smaller or gone.

The line also presented an all-new articulated GIJOE figure that formed the basis of many offerings to the present day. The visual information is about 2-5 times more detailed overall. Soldiers from Australia, Britain, and other nations, as well as United States Forces were featured. The colors will generally look more realistic, due to the cleaner signal. Joe with fairly realistic uniforms and gear. Most HD programming and films will be presented in the 16x9 proportioned, semi-widescreen format (though some films created in even wider ratios will still display "letterbox" bars on the top and bottom of even 16:9 sets.) Older films and programming that retain their 4:3 ratio display will be presented in a version of letterbox commonly called "pillar box", displaying bars on the right and left of 16:9 sets (rendering the term "fullscreen" a misnomer.) Or, one can usually choose to enlarge the image to fill the screen, however this option will display a distorted, stretched-out picture. The Classic Collection harkened back to the original all military theme of G.I. You would never get a snowy, washed out, image, or vertical rolling.

Joe line-up since 1967; this doll was a helicopter pilot. All commercial HD is digital, so the signal will either deliver a good picture, a picture with large pixelation, a series of frozen pictures, or no picture. Janes were introduced in a series called the Classic Collection, the first 12-inch female dolls in the G.I. 60i (NTSC). G.I. 50i (PAL). JOE MASTERPIECE EDITION ([2]), a unique book-and-figure product. 60p.

Joe returned via the G.I. 50p. In 1997, the original G.I. 30p. Joe Extreme figures were introduced, along with a comic book, published by Dark Horse comics. 25p. In 1995, G.I. 24p (cinematic film).

Joe and accordingly, Hasbro released a series of 12 inch and 3 3/4 inch figures based on the original 4 basic services represented in the first waves of the 1964 toy-line. NTSC is typically 720x480. This was also the 30th Anniversary of G.I. Number of frames or fields per second. Savage and his Screaming Eagles figures debuted. Progressive frames (p) or interlaced fields (i). Sgt. The number of lines in the display resolution.

In 1994 the 3 3/4 inch line was cancelled. Joe also jumped on the Jurassic Park bandwagon and had a set of Dino-hunters. G.I. Joe joined the war on drugs by introducing the Drug Elimination Force (DEF) line of figures.The line declined with sci-fi themes again, notably the Star Brigade.

In 1992, G.I. 12" figures were also re-introduced as part of an exclusive contract with Target retail stores. Joe Ecowarriors line was produced to raise environmental awareness. In 1991, the G.I.

In 1988, Battle Force 2000 was introduced. Football player William "Refrigerator" Perry followed suit in 1987. Joe forces. Slaughter, became the first real person to join the G.I.

In 1986, wrestler Robert Remus, aka Sgt. Joe as the top-selling American toy. In 1985, both Toy & Lamp and Hobby World magazines ranked G.I. In 1983, Destro was introduced as one of the first characters at the service of the COBRA Commander.

Joe frenzy that would eventually lead to the production of posters, t-shirts, video games, board games, kites, animated movies, and even a cartoon series based on the characters. This was the beginning of the 1980s G.I. The "Adventure Team" idea was modified and combined with the original military theme of the early action figures. In 1982, the new figures were downsized to be produced at about the size of Star Wars action figures.

Since the toy was produced with plastic and petroleum is a major component in the manufacture of plastic, the cost of producing the toy rose substantially, and after a failed attempt to produce a smaller version called "Super Joe", Hasbro decided to discontinue it although the licensed versions outside the US continued for a while. Joes. In 1978, the petroleum crisis directly affected G.I. In 1976, The Intruders, a line of outer space arch rivals, was introduced.

Both figures were not in the mold of the rest of team, and further confused the GI Joe line. Also added to the Adventure Team was a Superhero, Bulletman. * In 1975, after a failed bid to gain the rights to the Six Million Dollar Man, Hasbro issued a bionic warrior figure named Mike Power, Atomic Man sold over one million units. Joes started to be produced with a "kung fu grip." This involved redesigning the doll's hands in a softer plastic that allowed the fingers to curl and better grip objects in a more lifelike fashion.

By 1974, Kung Fu fever had arrived in the United States, so G.I. Joe toys were eliminated due to the growing controversy over war toys in the wake of the Vietnam War. By 1970, the war themes of the original G.I. It was not a success, the first real mis-step of the line.

Joe action figure was produced - a nurse. Around this time the only full-sized female G.I. Joe talking figures were introduced. In 1967, G.I.

Joe. Joe line up, and Hasbro decided that the entire toy line will be named G.I. In 1966, soldiers of international armed forces joined the G.I. In 1965, a Black Joe was introduced in selected markets.

Joe figures were about the size of the Barbie dolls (12 inches (305 mm) tall). At that time, the G.I. Joe brand, naming it after the aforementioned movie. Therefore, in 1964, they launched the G.I.

Inspired in part by the tv series " The Lieutenant", Hasbro saw the potential such an action figure for boys could have. Nearly 20 years later, seeing the market success of the Barbie doll, Stan Weston, toy creator and licensing agent, brought the idea of a soldier action figure to Don Levine at Hasbro. Joe, about war correspondent Ernie Pyle in World War II, was released. In 1945, a hit movie, The Story of G.I.

Joe rescued over 1,000 people in Italy by delivering a crucial message. In 1943, a pigeon called G.I. Joe: Sigma 6 (2005-Present). G.I.

Venom (2004-2005). Joe: Valor vs. G.I. Cobra: Spytroops (2003).

Joe vs. G.I. Cobra (2002). Joe vs.

G.I. Joe: The Real American Hero Collection (2000-2002). G.I. Joe: Classic Collection (1995-2004).

G.I. Joe: Toys R Us Exclusives (1997-1998). G.I. Joe Extreme (1996-1997).

G.I. Joe: Hall of Fame limited exclusives (1995-1997). G.I. Savage and the Screaming Eagles (1995).

Sgt. Joe: Hall of Fame (1991-1994). G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (1982-1994).

G.I. Joe Adventure Team (1970-1979). G.I. Joe (1964-1969).

G.I.

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