Ford Focus

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(Tagged January 2006)

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available.

In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets).

Focus Mk I

Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later.

Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002.

The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement.

It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Engines

  • 1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets)
  • 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci)
  • 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (Latin America)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards. (America)

Body styles (Offerings vary by market)

  • 3-door Hatchback
  • 5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002)
  • 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand)
  • 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America)

In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation.

Transmissions

  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT)
  • 4-speed automatic

Trim levels

United Kingdom

Standard

  • CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4)
  • LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
  • Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.
  • ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only

Special Editions

  • Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS
  • MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio
  • Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates
  • Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS
  • Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags
  • Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS
  • Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS
  • Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS
  • Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats
  • RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light

Motorsport

In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm.

Competition

Europe

  • Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4)
  • Fiat Stilo
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra
  • Mazda 3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Peugeot 307
  • Renault Megane
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

North America

  • Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006)
  • Chevrolet Cobalt
  • Dodge Neon
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Mazda3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Nissan Sentra
  • Pontiac Vibe
  • Saturn Ion
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

Sales and history

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan.

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe.

Reliability

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.

USA Focus Mk II

In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Fusion
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Five Hundred
  • Ford Crown Victoria

Saleen S121

Two 2006 Saleen S121s

Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers.

European Focus Mk II

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks.

The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Mondeo

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand.

Engines and Chassis

The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm.

Petrol

  • 1.4 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT
  • 2.0 L Duratec-HE
  • 2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder

Diesel

  • 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type)
  • 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10)

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling.

Changes

The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual.

Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design.

The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf.

Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin.

There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Another new model is the Focus ST. It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW).

Awards

Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7].

In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car.

Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards.


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The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards. Hamilton is the surname of a renowned family from the Scottish Lowlands that has given its name to the town of Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, the Dukedom of Hamilton, and many people and places, the largest of which is the Canadian city of Hamilton, Ontario. Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. . In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car. Hamilton (Schooner) Schooner class ship during the War of 1812. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7]. Hamilton (movie), a Swedish-produced movie based on the character Carl Hamilton.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Hamilton Watch Company. In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time. Hamilton Boys' High School, New Zealand. The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). Hamilton College, New York, USA. Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). Hamilton, New South Wales, Australia.

It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW). Hamilton Island, Queensland, Australia. Another new model is the Focus ST. Hamilton, Victoria, Victoria, Australia. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Hamilton, Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia. There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. Hamilton, Ontario (township), Canada (unrelated township).

Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin. Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Hamilton, New Zealand. The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf. Hamilton, Leicester, England. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design. Hamilton Parish, Bermuda.

The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. Hamilton, Bermuda. Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, the original one and location of Hamilton Palace. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual. William Hamilton Township, Hyde County, South Dakota. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. Hamilton Township, Marshall County, South Dakota.

New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. Hamilton Township, Charles Mix County, South Dakota. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. South Dakota

    . As a result the interior and boot space has increased. Hamilton Township, Tioga County, Pennsylvania. The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. Hamilton Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania.

    The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling. Hamilton Township, McKean County, Pennsylvania. Diesel. Hamilton Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Petrol. Hamilton Township, Adams County, Pennsylvania. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm. Pennsylvania

      .

      The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. Hamilton Township, Warren County, Ohio. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). Hamilton Township, Lawrence County, Ohio. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. Hamilton Township, Jackson County, Ohio. The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. Hamilton Township, Franklin County, Ohio.

      This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand. Ohio

        . The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:. Hamilton Township, North Dakota. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks. North Dakota
          . It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. Hamilton Township, North Carolina.

          The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. North Carolina

            . The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers. Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. Hamilton Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey. Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. New Jersey
              .

              The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:. Hamilton Township, Nebraska. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market. Nebraska

                . In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. Hamilton Township, Harrison County, Missouri. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability. Hamilton Township, Caldwell County, Missouri.

                The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. Missouri

                  . The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history. Hamilton Township, Van Buren County, Michigan. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. Hamilton Township, Gratiot County, Michigan. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. Hamilton Township, Clare County, Michigan.

                  In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. Michigan

                    . A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe. Hamilton Township, Lee County, Illinois. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. Illinois
                      . Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. Hamilton Township, Hamilton County, Iowa.

                      The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. Hamilton Township, Franklin County, Iowa. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001. Hamilton Township, Decatur County, Iowa. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. Iowa

                        . It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. Hamilton Township, Sullivan County, Indiana.

                        This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. Hamilton Township, Jackson County, Indiana. Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. Hamilton Township, Delaware County, Indiana. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan. Indiana

                          . Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. Hamilton Township, Arkansas.

                          In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Arkansas

                            . North America. Hamilton County, Texas. Europe. Hamilton County, Tennessee. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm. Hamilton County, Ohio.

                            Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. Hamilton County, New York. In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Hamilton County, Nebraska. Special Editions. Hamilton County, Kansas. Standard. Hamilton County, Iowa.

                            United Kingdom. Hamilton County, Indiana. In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation. Hamilton County, Illinois. It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia. Hamilton County, Florida. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement. Hamilton City, California.

                            After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. Hamilton, Wisconsin. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. Hamilton, Washington. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. Hamilton, Virginia. The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Hamilton, Texas.

                            The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002. Hamilton, Ohio. Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. Hamilton, North Dakota. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later. Hamilton, North Carolina. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. Hamilton (town), New York.

                            Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Hamilton (village), New York. Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Hamilton, Nevada. . Hamilton, Montana. In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets). Hamilton, Missouri.

                            Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available. Hamilton, Mississippi. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model. Hamilton, Michigan. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. Hamilton, Massachusetts. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Hamilton, Kansas.

                            The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. Hamilton, Iowa. 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10). Hamilton, Illinois. 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type). Hamilton, Indiana. 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type). Hamilton, Georgia.

                            2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder. Hamilton, Alabama. 2.0 L Duratec-HE. Professor Hamilton, a supporting character from Superman comics. 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT. Marcus Hamilton, a character from the TV series Angel. 1.6 L Duratec. Carl Hamilton, the fictional spy created by Jan Guillou.

                            1.4 L Duratec. William Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Ford Mondeo. Walter Kerr Hamilton, English bishop. Ford Focus. Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist. Ford Fiesta. Thomas Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page.

                            Ford Ka. Terrick Hamilton, Scottish linguist. Ford Crown Victoria. Richard Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Ford Five Hundred. Hamilton, science fiction author. Ford Taurus. Peter F.

                            Ford Fusion. Patrick Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Ford Focus. Hamilton, Vice Chair of the 9/11 Commission. Volkswagen Golf. Lee H. Toyota Corolla. Hamilton, American horror and fantasy writer.

                            Saturn Ion. Laurell K. Pontiac Vibe. Jim Hamilton - Scottish footballer. Nissan Sentra. Keith Hamilton - former defensive tackle for the New York Giants. Mitsubishi Lancer. James Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page.

                            Mazda3. Ian Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Hyundai Elantra. Henry Hamilton, British general. Honda Civic. Hamilton, of the band British Sea Power. Dodge Neon. Guy Hamilton, British film director.

                            Chevrolet Cobalt. George Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006). Francis Hamilton, Scottish physician and geographer of the Bengal region. Volkswagen Golf. Lady Emma Hamilton, mistress of Lord Nelson. Toyota Corolla. Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish writer.

                            Renault Megane. Edmond Hamilton, science fiction writer. Peugeot 307. Edith Hamilton, writer on mythology. Mitsubishi Lancer. Eamon Hamilton, of the bands British Sea Power and Brakes. Mazda 3. Donald Hamilton - American writer.

                            Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra. David Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Hyundai Elantra. Charles Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Honda Civic. Billy Hamilton, baseball player. Fiat Stilo. Bethany Hamilton, surfer.

                            Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4). Anthony Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light. Andrew Hamilton - many people, see Disambiguation Page. RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                              . Alice Hamilton, American toxicologist. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats. Alexander Hamilton, American statesman.

                              Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                                . Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS. Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                                  .

                                  Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS. Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.

                                    . Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
                                      .

                                      Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS. Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                                        . Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
                                          .

                                          Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags. Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                                            . Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS. Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                                              .

                                              Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates. Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                                                . Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio. MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                                                  .

                                                  Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS. Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.

                                                    . ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only. Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.

                                                    Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate. LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate. CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4). 4-speed automatic.

                                                    6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT). 5-speed manual. 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America). 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand).

                                                    5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002). 3-door Hatchback. (America). 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards.

                                                    (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60.

                                                    (Latin America). 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (All Markets). 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60.

                                                    (America). 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America). 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only.

                                                    1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci). 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi). (All Markets). 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60.

                                                    1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets). (Europe). 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe).

                                                    1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60.

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