Ford Focus

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(Tagged January 2006)

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available.

In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets).

Focus Mk I

Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later.

Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002.

The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement.

It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Engines

  • 1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets)
  • 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci)
  • 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (Latin America)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards. (America)

Body styles (Offerings vary by market)

  • 3-door Hatchback
  • 5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002)
  • 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand)
  • 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America)

In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation.

Transmissions

  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT)
  • 4-speed automatic

Trim levels

United Kingdom

Standard

  • CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4)
  • LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
  • Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.
  • ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only

Special Editions

  • Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS
  • MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio
  • Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates
  • Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS
  • Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags
  • Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS
  • Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS
  • Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS
  • Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats
  • RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light

Motorsport

In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm.

Competition

Europe

  • Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4)
  • Fiat Stilo
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra
  • Mazda 3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Peugeot 307
  • Renault Megane
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

North America

  • Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006)
  • Chevrolet Cobalt
  • Dodge Neon
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Mazda3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Nissan Sentra
  • Pontiac Vibe
  • Saturn Ion
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

Sales and history

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan.

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe.

Reliability

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.

USA Focus Mk II

In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Fusion
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Five Hundred
  • Ford Crown Victoria

Saleen S121

Two 2006 Saleen S121s

Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers.

European Focus Mk II

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks.

The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Mondeo

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand.

Engines and Chassis

The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm.

Petrol

  • 1.4 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT
  • 2.0 L Duratec-HE
  • 2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder

Diesel

  • 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type)
  • 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10)

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling.

Changes

The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual.

Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design.

The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf.

Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin.

There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Another new model is the Focus ST. It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW).

Awards

Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7].

In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car.

Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards.


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The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards. It should also be noted that some voice actors of the GTA III's major characters are well-known American actors, some of whom have stared in several films and television shows. Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. With the success of Grand Theft Auto III and its sequels, several of these characters or their relatives reappear in future GTA titles with major or minor roles, and their personal background expanded, particularly Leone Mafia don Salvatore Leone, media mogul Donald Love, Phil, the One-Armed Bandit, 8-Ball and Catalina. In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car. Most of the characters encountered center around corruption, crime and a fictional drug called "SPANK", which was a growing menace in the city. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7]. The storyline, while not a major draw of the game, shows the character development of several individuals and bosses as the player progresses though the game.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. This would imply that Rockstar could have conducted some or all such changes before the attacks and without the effects of the attacks. In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time. In particular case of Darkel, the removal of a character and the transfer of missions to other characters would had required additional time for last-minute programming and voice acting, which could had potentially resulted in GTA III's delay from public release if it had only begun after 9/11. The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). Argument against the theory that Rockstar was influenced by the September 11, 2001 attacks to perform all the mentioned modifications point that it may not be possible to cut or change any game contents within a short period, as the interval between 9/11 and GTA III's release date was only six weeks. Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). As the reason behind the removal of Darkel was never disclosed by Rockstar, gamers have speculated and suspected the removal of Darkel was due to his terrorism-like missions; other have also pointed out the manner of his attire, resembling that of a stereotypical Middle East terrorist, in addition to sporting a long beard [4][5].

It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW). Rockstar later decided that they would like to go back to the original system of giving out rampages as featured in Grand Theft Auto and Grand Theft Auto 2. Another new model is the Focus ST. Darkel was also originally expected to give out Rampage-esque missions and even had his voice recorded for this part. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. One scrapped mission involved stealing a bus, using it to pick up a certain number of passengers, then blowing it up. There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. Darkel was to be a revolutionary street urchin who vowed to bring down the city's economy.

Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin. A character by the name of Darkel, who made it into the pre-release version, was also deleted from the final version of the game but remains listed in the manual's credits, and has a character texture on the game's data files. Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. An obvious change was the new colour scheme of the LCPD which is modelled after the black and white like the LAPD, while the old colour scheme of blue stripes (seen in previews and the manual map) resembles that of the NYPD [3]. The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf. Although often rumoured, no airplane missions were altered or changed in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, as there were no missions to remove. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design. These included removing the ability to blow limbs off non-player characters and stopping the selection of certain character models when using cheat codes in the PlayStation 2 version of GTA III.

The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. A number of changes were suggested to be made in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center. Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. For similar reasons, a lawsuit has erupted over Grand Theft Auto: Vice City. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual. The lawsuit is still pending as of the end of 2004. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. District Court on October 29, 2003 that the "ideas and concepts as well as the 'purported psychological effects' on the Buckners are protected by the First Amendment's free-speech clause." The lawyer of the victims, Jack Thompson, denied that and is trying to get the lawsuit moved into a state court and actioned under Tennessee's consumer protection act.

New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. Rockstar and its parent company, Take Two, filed for dismissal of the lawsuit, stating in U.S. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. On October 20, 2003, the families of Aaron Hamel and Kimberly Bede, two young people shot by teens William and Josh Buckner (who in statements to investigators claimed their actions were inspired by GTA III) filed a USD$246 million lawsuit against publishers Rockstar Games and Take Two Interactive Software, retailer Wal-Mart, and PlayStation 2 manufacturer Sony Computer Entertainment America. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. Among other things, the censored version removed the ability to pick up prostitutes; however it was later found that standard gore (where limbs may actually be shot or blown off a non-player characters) was still available if unlocked by entering what in other countries' versions was a "nasty limbs" cheat code, and the uncensored version was also playable by changing the computer's time zone to that of the United States. The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. Interestingly, whilst the sequel Vice City was censored by the OFLC, the next sequel San Andreas was not, despite featuring more "mature" content (although San Andreas was once given a Refused Classification rating amid the "Hot Coffee" controversy), leading many to conclude that the only reason the game was banned in the first place was that the OFLC was angry at Rockstar for not submitting the game for review.

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling. Australia still does not have a R rating for videogames like it does for movies. Diesel. Lacking a suitable R18+ rating (the highest rating being MA15+), the game was "Refused Classification" and banned for sale because it was felt that the game was unsuitable for an audience older than 15, but younger than 18. Petrol. A key reason why this course of action was taken was that Rockstar did not submit GTA III to the Office of Film and Literature Classification (OFLC), the body that, among other things, rates videogames according to their content in Australia. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm. After its initial release in Australia, the game was banned—the only country to do so—and a censored version of the game was released in its place.

The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. It was because of GTA III that the Wal-Mart chain of retail stores announced that, for games rated "M" by the ESRB, its stores would begin checking the identification of purchasers who appeared to be under 17. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). Several minors arrested for car theft in the United States claimed their motivation was derived from playing the game. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. Various critics hypothesized that if children were to play the game, they might acquire sociopathic attitudes toward others. The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. In addition, all in-game crimes incurs the wrath of the police, and it is also possible to play without committing the aforementioned criminal acts.

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand. This action, while permitted ("sex" restores the player's health, up to 125% of its normal maximum), is never actually required. The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:. The player is rewarded with cash for various illegal and immoral actions: one allegation, frequently cited in the press, was that in the game, players had to carjack a car, pick up a prostitute, have (implied) sex with the prostitute, and then kill her and steal her money. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks. For examples of video game violence, many TV news channels often show a play session of GTA III where the main character is gunning down pedestrians and blowing up police cars. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. GTA III is controversial because of its violent and sexual content, and it generated moral panic upon its release.

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. Despite its roughness and glitches, the game featured a world draw distance that was unparalleled at the time, and an overall sense of ambience and immersion that many other developers have tried and failed to emulate, even years later. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers. Also, it was widely believed that GTA III lacked the vast development resources of its sequels, since it was considered a risky gamble at the time. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. Part of GTA III's technical problems was due to the need to accomodate the relatively underpowered PlayStation 2 (compared to the Xbox, PC and even Dreamcast in certain respects). Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. There were also serious recurring problems such as clipping (when characters and objects get "half-stuck" in walls and the ground), a bug which caused vehicles to disappear, relatively poor AI for NPCs; many of these issues were not fixed in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:. Such graphics are similar on the level of Half-Life and subpar to Quake III, but this was rarely criticized and GTA III routinely received higher graphics scores than other smaller-scaled yet better-looking games. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market. One example were the "ugliness" and simplicity of GTA III characters and objects which became especially noticeable if the main character was walking around instead of driving. In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. While GTA III's sequels undoubted improved on many aspects of gameplay, many technical gliches were also carried over. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability. Alternatively, many reviewers were biased in favour of the GTA series.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. In other words, GTA III and especially subsequent GTA games following the GTA III formula were so sure to be critically acclaimed blockbusters that they were not seriously scrutinized (most flaws were downplayed) during early reviews. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history. Aside from its violence (see #Controversy), there was criticism, often for the "lack of criticism" that surrounded the Grand Theft Auto series after the launch of Grand Theft Auto III. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. [1], [2]. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. The game was touted as revolutionary by several game review websites and publications, and received such rewards as Game of the Year from GameSpot, GameSpy, and Cheat Code Central, and Best Action Game of 2001 by IGN, receiving an average of about 95% from the review websites and publications.

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. All subsequent games in the series have followed the GTA III formula and have been best-selling and critically-acclaimed (and controversial) as a result. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe. As a result of these shrewd moves, the Grand Theft Auto series was now a blockbuster franchise. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. Also notable is that GTA III was the first in the series to be released on video game consoles before the PC, citing the growing size of the console market. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. Although multiplayer was discarded, it had a minimal impact as the many major improvements won legions of fans over to a series which formerly enjoyed a cult following.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. All of this is seemlessly integrated in the realistic setting of a (dysfunctional) urban environment which parodies a real-life city. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001. Grand Theft Auto III was the first game in the series to feature a deep storyline with high quality voice acting and navigable three-dimensional graphics. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. The Double Pack's success for Xbox was due to several factors, the critical acclaim (not just for the GTA series but also for the Xbox improvements) and controversial game content, two games in one, graphical improvements, and lastly the Double Pack debuted at half the price of a regular Xbox game. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. GTA III continued to sell well as part of the Xbox Double Pack, even though it was two years old when the Double Pack hit shelves in December 2003.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. This was a remarkable achievement in an industry where most games experience strong drops in sales despite price drops, as gamers have a strong tendency to purchase only the "next new thing". Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. Later discounted to $19.95 as part of Sony's "Greatest Hits" program, it continued to sell well and went on to become the second best-selling video game of 2002, behind only the next game in the series, 2002's Vice City. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan. Upon its release, GTA III unexpectedly emerged as a smash hit at its initial US$49.95 price and became the #1 selling video game of 2001 in the United States. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories (2005) was released for the PlayStation Portable, also set in the same location as GTA III, but taking place in 1998, three years before the events in GTA III.

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Grand Theft Auto Advance (2004) was initially intended as a Game Boy Advance port of GTA III, but has since introduced a new storyline set in Liberty City, roughly one year before the events in GTA III. North America. Two handheld titles based on GTA III have also been released. Europe. The Double Pack was not released for PC. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm. The Xbox version of the Double Pack has improved audio, polygon models, and reflections over the PC and PS2 versions of the game.

Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. However, the agreement was amended in 2003 and the Grand Theft Auto: Double Pack containing both GTA III and Vice City was released for PS2 and Xbox in December 2003. In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. The Xbox version was initially supposed to be released in spring 2002 but it was shelved when Sony signed an agreement with Take-Two Interactive (Rockstar Games' parent company), making the GTA series a PlayStation 2 exclusive until November 2004. Special Editions. The PC version does, however, support higher resolution textures and a custom option for MP3s playback in cars. Standard. This was due to technical issues; the game engine rendered everything within the draw distance, even things hidden behind buildings or trees, whereas Vice City only rendered what could actually be seen.

United Kingdom. The PC version of the game, released on May 21, 2002, has been criticized for performance problems, especially in light of the much smoother performance of the next game in the GTA series, Vice City. In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation. The list of Grand Theft Auto III radio stations is as followed:. It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia. The radio ads also gave out their official phone numbers which were also (apparently) registered by Rockstar; however in this case curious gamers only found an answer phone at the other end. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement. However, although looking very much like genuine online stores, all links to purchase or order the products actually led to Rockstargames.com.

After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. All of these sites actually existed; they were set up to tie in with the game. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. These ads often referred to their advertisers' official websites, such as Petsovernight.com. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. Each station featured various commercials at intervals. The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. One of the stations was a full-length talk show, and many of the callers were actually characters from the story missions, often demonstrating the same views and eccentricities that had become apparent to the player during the missions.

The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002. Much of the music was specially written for the game (as well as many songs originating from the first two GTAs), however the Xbox and PC ports allowed the player to use their own MP3s, and later games included actual, licenced music. Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. One of the game's subtler inclusions was a variety of radio stations (part of the official soundtrack). The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later. Some of these features, notably monetary awards and the top-down view, would eventually be removed in following GTA titles. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. These included monetary awards for crashing onto cars, blowing up vehicles, and killing pedestrians (although the last feature would require that the player pick up the money dropped by dead pedestrians on foot), a crusher, vehicle import-exports, train services, and an optional top-down camera view synonymous in the game's previous installments.

Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. As a direct descendent to Grand Theft Auto and Grand Theft Auto 2, Grand Theft Auto III retained several features that were common in the previous two titles. Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Pedestrians sometimes get into fights, and car accidents between non-player vehicles may occur on their own, without any player interference to trigger these events. . The game is also noted for the emergent behavior of its non-player characters. In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets). Law enforcement and members of rival gangs can be attacked and will respond with weapons of their own.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available. Citizens can be beaten up, robbed, run over, or shot, allowing the player to extract money and/or weapons. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model. Cars can be smashed or stolen; carjacking was often required if the player doesn't have (or had lost) their own vehicle and was required to travel quickly. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. Passing vehicles and pedestrians are not just cosmetic "flavor" for the environment, but are actually part of game play. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. The game is remarkable in its depiction of what seems to be a very large city with things happening all the time in different neighborhoods.

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. Thanks to the strikingly open-ended game design, it is quite possible—and common—for players to ignore the main missions and play the side missions, or simply cruise around enjoying Liberty City's sights. 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10). As the player completes missions for different gangs, rival gang members will come to recognize the character and subsequently shoot on sight (if armed). 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type). Similarly, the player's place within the story will affect his view in the "eyes" of non-playable characters. 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type). However, the nature of the game does demand some limits to the player's freedom: just as new areas become open, some will be permanently denied of access once the player fulfills their purpose.

2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder. As can be expected from a video game with a linear plot, new neighborhoods and districts in Liberty City will become open to the player's exploration as missions are completed and the game's story unfolds. 2.0 L Duratec-HE. Police and Fire Fighter missions are similarly available. 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT. If the player acquires a taxi cab, he can pick up designated non-player characters as fares and drop them off at different parts of the city for a cash payment; carjacking an ambulance lets the player pick up injured NPCs and drive them to the hospital for a cash reward. 1.6 L Duratec. Alternately, he may choose to drive around the city, stealing cars, running over pedestrians, and avoiding (or opposing) the police.

1.4 L Duratec. He is able to go on missions (shaking down a local business for "protection money", clearing the streets of drug dealers, or assassinating leaders of rival gangs, for example) in order to advance in the ranks of his current gang. Ford Mondeo. The player's character has a degree of freedom in his actions that, although being heavily inspired by Rockstar North's (then DMA Design) earlier Nintendo 64 game Body Harvest, was groundbreaking in 2001 and has arguably been only surpassed by the game's sequels. Ford Focus. However, if the main character attacks pedestrians or gang members, the cop will give chase. Ford Fiesta. If the main character is attacked by pedestrians or gang members, a patrolling cop will ignore the offending attackers.

Ford Ka. The police AI follows a double-standard. Ford Crown Victoria. Unfortunately, completing certain missions inevitably causes the player to gain the attention of local police enforcement. Ford Five Hundred. The only way to get rid of wanted levels is to pick up police-bribes or repaint the car the player is driving at the three local Pay 'N' Sprays. Ford Taurus. Gunning down pedestrians and destroying cars will further raise the wanted level (the maximum level is six stars) and eventually bring increasingly stronger police enforcement in the form of SWAT teams, FBI agents, and the National Guard.

Ford Fusion. Cops will chase after the player by foot and car but will do little else. Ford Focus. Minor infractions such as carjacking or fist assaults will cause a one-star wanted level. Volkswagen Golf. Any type of infractions will raise the player's wanted level and thus cause the police to give chase. Toyota Corolla. The Liberty City Police Department (LCPD) is the city's police agency.

Saturn Ion. These risk-reward balances give the game more subtlety than the nature of the in-game actions would suggest. Pontiac Vibe. However, attempting to car-jack a Mafia vehicle often results in pursuit by the former occupant (who is invariably armed). Nissan Sentra. Each car has its own particular performance characteristics; for instance, a "Mafia Sentinel" car is much faster and able to corner much better than a minivan. Mitsubishi Lancer. The principal activity in the game is carjacking: the player may walk up to the side of a passing car and press a single button to yank the driver out of the car, get in, and start driving.

Mazda3. He then takes on work as a local thug and rises in power as he works for multiple rival crime gangs. Hyundai Elantra. While he is being transferred, an attack on the police convoy sets him free. Honda Civic. He is double-crossed by his partner/girlfriend, Catalina, during a bank robbery and sent to jail. Dodge Neon. He received the name "Claude" in a brief cameo in the series' later game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas; because of this name he is theorized to be "Claude Speed" from GTA2).

Chevrolet Cobalt. Black". Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006). Throughout the story, the main character is never named (though he is referred to in the fan community variously as "Fido", "The Kid", or "Mr. Volkswagen Golf. The game takes place in Liberty City, a fictional city on the East Coast (based on New York City). Toyota Corolla. .

Renault Megane. It is the third in the Grand Theft Auto series and was the #1 selling game of 2001. Peugeot 307. Grand Theft Auto III, or GTA III, is a video game developed by DMA Design, published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based PCs, and in November 2003 for the Xbox video game console. Mitsubishi Lancer. Grenades (Slot 12). Mazda 3. Molotov cocktails (Slot 11).

Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra. Flamethrower (Slot 10). Hyundai Elantra. Rocket launcher (Slot 9). Honda Civic. Sniper rifle (Slot 8). Fiat Stilo. M-16 (Slot 7).

Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4). AK-47 (Slot 6). Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light. Shotgun (Slot 5). RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.

    . Uzi (Slot 4). Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats. Pistol (Slot 3).

    Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Baseball bat (Slot 2). Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

      . Fist (Slot 1). Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS. Chatterbox FM. Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
        . Flashback 95.6.

        Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS. MSX FM. Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.

          . Game Radio FM. Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. Lips 106. Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
            . Rise FM.

            Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS. K-Jah. Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

              . Double Cleff FM. Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. Head Radio. Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
                .

                Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags. Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                  . Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS. Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                    .

                    Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates. Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                      . Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio. MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                        .

                        Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS. Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.

                          . ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only. Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.

                          Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate. LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate. CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4). 4-speed automatic.

                          6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT). 5-speed manual. 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America). 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand).

                          5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002). 3-door Hatchback. (America). 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards.

                          (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60.

                          (Latin America). 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (All Markets). 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60.

                          (America). 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America). 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only.

                          1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci). 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi). (All Markets). 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60.

                          1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets). (Europe). 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe).

                          1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60.

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