Ford Focus

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(Tagged January 2006)

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available.

In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets).

Focus Mk I

Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later.

Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002.

The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement.

It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Engines

  • 1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets)
  • 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci)
  • 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (Latin America)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards. (America)

Body styles (Offerings vary by market)

  • 3-door Hatchback
  • 5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002)
  • 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand)
  • 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America)

In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation.

Transmissions

  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT)
  • 4-speed automatic

Trim levels

United Kingdom

Standard

  • CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4)
  • LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
  • Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.
  • ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only

Special Editions

  • Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS
  • MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio
  • Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates
  • Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS
  • Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags
  • Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS
  • Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS
  • Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS
  • Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats
  • RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light

Motorsport

In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm.

Competition

Europe

  • Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4)
  • Fiat Stilo
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra
  • Mazda 3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Peugeot 307
  • Renault Megane
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

North America

  • Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006)
  • Chevrolet Cobalt
  • Dodge Neon
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Mazda3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Nissan Sentra
  • Pontiac Vibe
  • Saturn Ion
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

Sales and history

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan.

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe.

Reliability

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.

USA Focus Mk II

In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Fusion
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Five Hundred
  • Ford Crown Victoria

Saleen S121

Two 2006 Saleen S121s

Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers.

European Focus Mk II

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks.

The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Mondeo

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand.

Engines and Chassis

The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm.

Petrol

  • 1.4 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT
  • 2.0 L Duratec-HE
  • 2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder

Diesel

  • 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type)
  • 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10)

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling.

Changes

The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual.

Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design.

The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf.

Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin.

There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Another new model is the Focus ST. It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW).

Awards

Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7].

In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car.

Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards.


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The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards. The ROM images are stored on CompactFlash cards used in the GBA Movie Player. Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. Some firmware has been released for the GBA Movie Player to allow ROM images for old Game Boy games to be used on the GBA, as well as the Nintendo DS. In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car. However, it cannot play multiplayer GBA games or link to the Nintendo GameCube, and it is not backward-compatible at all with the original Game Boy or the Game Boy Color due to the lack of a Z80 processor. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7]. The Nintendo DS is able to play the large library of Game Boy Advance games.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Thousands of games are available for the Game Boy, which can be attributed in part to its sales in the amounts of millions, a well-documented design, and a typically short development cycle. In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time. 2004 brought about its 15th anniversary and in that time it has seen off many (often technically superior) rivals; most notably the Sega Game Gear and the Atari Lynx. The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). The Game Boy is unique in its stamina. Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). Most game consoles become obsolete as newer systems become available.

It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW). There are four types of cartridges used on Game Boy systems:. Another new model is the Focus ST. Even if this is bypassed, the game will not run, and an image on the screen will inform the user that the game is only meant for Game Boy Color systems; however, the Game Boy Pocket allows for bypassing of the notch. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Cartridges intended only for Game Boy Color (and not for the original Game Boy) use the space intended for the locking mechanism to prevent insertion into the original Game Boy. There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. The original Game Boy power switch was designed to prevent the player from being able to remove the cart while powered on.

Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin. This applies to almost all video game console using cartridges. Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Pulling a cart out of the Game Boy while the power is on may cause saved data or hardware to be damaged. The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf. This will freeze the game and may cause weird occurrences, such as rows of zeros appearing on the screen and the sound remaining at the same pitch as was emitted the instant the game was pulled out. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design. If the game cart is pulled out while the power is on, the Game Boy will exhibit undefined behavior.

The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. The game cart is inserted into the console cart slot. Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. If the developer wishes, they can include either a small battery or a flash chip within the cartridge, which allows game data to be saved; this allows the game to be continued at a later time. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual. The software contained within provides the data, logic, and rules of the game, accepts input from the console controls or buttons, and outputs the results to the screen display and speaker. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. Game Boy and GBC cartridges measure 5.8 cm by 6.5 cm.

New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. Each video game is contained in a small plastic cartridge (or "cart"). The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. The e-Reader was considered to be a general failure; although still selling in Japan, it was not released in Europe, and was quickly discontinued in North America. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. The content was added or unlocked by purchasing e-Reader cards and swiping them in. The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. Content includes mini-games, different worlds, or full and complete games.

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling. A peripheral released for the Game Boy Advance and SP that unlocks special content for certain games. Diesel. The feature's greatest usefulness is most evident in Pokémon FireRed, LeafGreen, and Emerald, where up to sixteen Wireless Adapter-connected players could convene in a "Union Room" of sorts. Petrol. As of 2005, fewer than twenty games support this feature. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm. The Wireless Adapter allows players to play wirelessly without a link cable.

The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. It uses the same color palette built into the cart instead of colorizing the games. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). It also has a link port so players can use multiplayer and e-Reader functions. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. The successor to the Super Game Boy, the Game Boy Player allows Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and Game Boy Advance games to be played on the Nintendo GameCube. The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. The device plugged into the parallel port of the PC and allowed dumping ROM and SRAM sumee data to PC, as well as rewriting flashcarts to play copies of Game Boy games.

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand. The (unofficial) GBX, produced by Bung Enterprises Ltd, was the best-known backup unit for Game Boy and Game Boy Color games. The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:. Pokémon Stadium 2 was compatible with all the Game Boy and Game Boy Color Pokémon games except for the Crystal Version. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks. The only exception was Pokémon Stadium, which allowed players to play Pokémon Red, Blue, and Yellow on the television screen. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. However, unlike the Super Game Boy, it was only for the transfer of Game Boy Color data to their N64 equivalents.

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. The Transfer Pak was a device that fit onto the Nintendo 64 controller. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers. A follow-up, the Super Game Boy 2 (primarily released in Japan, though some sold through QVC's shopping channel in the U.S.), included more colors, frames, and a link port for multiplayer support. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. The black-and-white games could be colorized by mapping colors to each of the four grays. Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. The Super Game Boy is a plug-in cartridge for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System that allowed Game Boy games to be played on a television screen.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:. Recently, the EyeToy accessory for the PlayStation 2 has vastly expanded upon the idea of using the image of the player in the game and as part of the game. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market. A picture of the user's head is inserted into several mini-games. In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. There are also several mini-games along with the camera. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability. The commercial at least indicates that Nintendo was at least referencing and/or parodying adult-geared portable systems.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. However, a commercial advertising the products showed a young kid using the devices, with an adult using a laptop looking over in astonishment. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history. It was never Nintendo's intention to transform the GB system into a PDA; any such claims are untrue. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The N64 magazine (published by Future) dedicated a monthly section to the device. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. Both items were marketed by Nintendo as light-hearted entertainment devices, in all three major videogame regions of the world: Japan, North America, and Europe.

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. The printer utilized heat-sensitive paper to "burn" any saved images, making a hard copy. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe. The camera could take basic black & white, often grainy, digital images using the 4-color palette of the Game Boy system. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. The Game Boy Camera & Printer are accessories for the Game Boy handheld gaming console and were released in 1998. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. [2].

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. It will sell for 16,800 yen ($145), compared with the current model's price of 15,000 yen ($130). In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001. It is also lighter, at 218g against 295g. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. It is smaller than the current DS model—133 × 73.9 × 21.5mm against 148.7 × 84.7 × 27.9. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. On January 26, 2006, Nintendo unveiled the Nintendo DS Lite, a redesigned version of the DS.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. It has been technically likened to the Nintendo 64. Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. The Nintendo DS can be considered a part of the portable family due to structural similarities to Game Boy and its ability to play Game Boy Advance cartridges (but not Game Boy Color or original Game Boy cartridges). It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan. Nintendo refers to it as their third pillar; their home consoles, such as the Nintendo GameCube, being the first, and their Game Boy line of portable-gaming devices being the second. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. In fact, its unusual design and touch-screen control distinguish it from the Game Boy line.

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. The Nintendo DS launched on November 20, 2004 in North America and December 4, 2004 in Japan, making it unusual as a Nintendo device to launch in North America before Japan. North America. The horitzontal orientation was later used for the Game Boy Advance and Game Boy Micro and the clamshell design of other games was used for the Nintendo DS. Europe. There were 58 different games and also included an alarm clock. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm. Designed by Gunpei Yokoi, thse are considered to be the predecessor to the Game Boy.

Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. There also other Nintendo handheld consoles that do not fit into the Game Boy category, but are similar. In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. The micro's North American launch price of $99.99 was lowered to $89.99 during the 2005 holiday season. Special Editions. It was released in Europe on November 4, 2005. Standard. It was released on September 19, 2005 in Japan and North America.

United Kingdom. The Game Boy micro is not backward compatible with Game Boy or Game Boy Color games. In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation. It is slightly smaller than the SP or GBA screens while maintaining the same resolution (240 × 160 pixels). It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia. A second Game Boy Advance redesign (third design), the Game Boy micro is four inches wide, two inches tall, and less than an inch deep and weighs 2.8 ounces, by far the smallest Game Boy created. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement. As of this writing, the Game Boy SP is the last Game Boy handheld to offer backward compatibility with Game Boy/Game Boy Color games.

After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. In mid September 2005, Nintendo released a new model that featured a new and improved backlit screen. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. The SP stands for Special [1]. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. It features a new smaller clamshell design with a flip-up screen (protecting the screen, an issue with the original), an internal frontlight, and a rechargeable battery, but was otherwise unchanged. The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Launched in March 2003, the Game Boy Advance SP resolved several problems with the original model.

The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002. It has also been accompanied alongside new titles such as Mario Kart Super Circuit and F-Zero: Maximum Velocity. Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. It was technically likened to the SNES and showed its power with successful ports of Super Mario World and Yoshi's Island. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later. It included a Z80 processor for backward-compatibility support. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The Game Boy Advance (also referred to as GBA) featured a 32 bit 16.8 MHz ARM.

Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. In June 2001, Nintendo released a significant upgrade to the Game Boy line. Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Technologically, it was likened to the NES from the 1980s. . This became a major feature of the Game Boy line, since it allowed each new launch to begin with a significantly larger library than any of its competitors. In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets). A major draw of the Game Boy Color was its backward compatibility (that is, a Game Boy Color is able to read older Game Boy cartridges and even play them in selectable color).

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available. It also has double the processor speed, twice as much memory, and an infrared communications port. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model. Released in November 1998, the Game Boy Color (also referred to as GBC) added a color screen to a form factor slightly larger than the Game Boy Pocket. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. Due to its rarity, it often sells for many times more than the other models. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. The Game Boy Light is the rarest Game Boy variant outside of Japan.

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It uses 2 AA batteries which give it approximately 20 hours with the light off and 12 with it on. 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10). Only available in Japan, the Game Boy Light was about the same size as the Pocket and had a backlit screen for improved visibility. 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type). The first version did not have a LED to show battery levels, but was soon added due to public demand. 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type). The screen was changed to a true black-and-white display, rather than the "pea soup" monochromatic display of the original Game Boy.

2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder. The port's design was used on all subsequent Game Boy models, up until the Game Boy micro. 2.0 L Duratec-HE. The Game Boy Pocket has a smaller link port, requiring an adapter for linkage with the older Game Boy. 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT. It had space for 2 AAA batteries, which would provide roughly 10 hours of game play. 1.6 L Duratec. In 1996, Nintendo released the Game Boy Pocket, a smaller, lighter unit that required fewer batteries.

1.4 L Duratec. This new unit is the same as the first version, except for the availabity of various colors. Ford Mondeo. In 1995, Nintendo released several colored Game Boy models, advertising them in the Play it Loud! campaign. Ford Focus. However, this feature was only supported in Faceball 2000. Ford Fiesta. In fact, it has been shown that the system could support 16 simultaneous players at once.

Ford Ka. The original Game Boy was the first cartridge-based system that supported more than four players at one time (via the link port). Ford Crown Victoria. The game that really pushed it into the upper reaches of success was Tetris. Ford Five Hundred. It played games from ROM-based media contained in small plastic detachable units called cartridges (sometimes abbreviated as carts). Ford Taurus. Based around a Z80 processor, it had a black and green reflective LCD screen, an eight-way directional pad, and two action buttons.

Ford Fusion. The original Game Boy was released on April 21, 1989 in Japan and in August 1989 in the United States. Ford Focus. The Game Boy console went through several design iterations, without significant changes to its computing power, since its release in 1989. Volkswagen Golf. To celebrate, Nintendo released the Classic NES Series and a NES-themed color scheme for the Game Boy Advance SP. Toyota Corolla. Game Boy celebrated its 15th anniversary in 2004, which nearly coincided with the 20-year anniversary to the original Nintendo Entertainment System (NES).

Saturn Ion. Game Boy continues its success to this day and many at Nintendo have dedicated the handheld in Yokoi's memory. Pontiac Vibe. By following this simple mantra, the Game Boy line managed to gain a vast following despite technically superior alternatives. Nissan Sentra. When Gunpei designed the original Game Boy, he knew that, to be successful, the system needed to be small, light, inexpensive, and durable, as well as have a varied, recognizable library of games upon its release. Mitsubishi Lancer. Some consider these early LCD-display handhelds to be a prototype of the Game Boy.

Mazda3. Yokoi was also responsible for the Game & Watch series of handhelds when Nintendo made the move from toys to video games. Hyundai Elantra. The gaming device was the brainchild of long-time Nintendo employee Gunpei Yokoi, who was the person behind the Ultra Hand, an expanding arm toy created and produced by Nintendo in 1970, long before Nintendo would enter the video game market. Honda Civic. Nintendo's Game Boy handheld was first released in 1989. Dodge Neon. .

Chevrolet Cobalt. The original Game Boy's design set the standard for handheld gaming consoles. Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006). It is one of the best-selling game system lines selling over 120 million units world wide to date, and has spawned many successful spin-offs. Volkswagen Golf. The Game Boy line (also: Gameboy, Game-boy; Japanese: ゲームボーイ Gēmu Bōi) is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. Toyota Corolla. Notably: 6955, Bit Shifter, Bubblyfish, Covox, Cow'P, dot.matrix, FirestARTer, Gameboy Music Club, Gameboyzz Orchestra, Glomag, Lo-bat, Bud Melvin, Nullsleep, OMAC, Saitone, etc.

Renault Megane. Numerous musical acts have appropriated the Game Boy as a musical instrument. Peugeot 307. Thomas Ian Nicholas' character plays "Tetris" for Game Boy in the 1993 film Rookie of the Year. Mitsubishi Lancer. However, many saw these commercials as petulant admissions that the Game Boy was thrashing the Game Gear in sales (as indeed it was). Mazda 3. Television commercials in the early 1990s for the Sega Game Gear often mocked the Game Boy, at one point alleging it had a "creamed spinach color" in contrast to its own full-color graphics.

Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra. The short-lived 1980s cartoon series Captain N: The Game Master featured a life-sized Game Boy character, who communicated via faces on its screen. Hyundai Elantra. However, the DS cannot use the multiplayer modes of some Game Boy Advance titles due to its lack of a link-cable port. Honda Civic. Advance cartridges are half the size of all earlier cartridges and can only be played on Game Boy Advance and beyond and on the Nintendo DS. Fiat Stilo. Roughly three quarters of Game Boy Color releases were clear cart games.

Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4). They do not physically fit in the Game Boy micro or DS due to their design. Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light. Clear cartridges can only be played on Game Boy Color and beyond. RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.

    . A small number of these games also had Super Game Boy enhancements. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats. Roughly one quarter of Game Boy Color releases was black cart games.

    Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Games such as Wario Land II DX, The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening DX, and Tetris DX were re-releases of gray cartridge games with additional content and in full color. Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

      . Pokémon Gold and Silver and Dragon Warrior I&II). Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS. Black cartridges are compatible with the Game Boy, Game Boy Pocket, and Game Boy Light systems, and are in full color on Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, and SP (e.g. Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
        . Many games produced from 1994 through 1998 also had Super Game Boy enhancements.

        Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS. These games were programmed in black and white; when used on the Game Boy Color or Game Boy Advance, the color of the graphics can be chosen at the start-up screen. Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.

          . Sometimes these cartridges came in other colors, such as red and blue for Pokémon Red and Blue or yellow for Donkey Kong Land and Pokémon Yellow. Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. All original Game Boy and Game Boy Pocket titles are of this type. Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
            . Gray cartridges can be used with all Game Boy systems except the Game Boy micro and the DS.

            Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS. The player's head becomes attached to a cartoon body, and he or she races against a mole and a bird for the finish line. Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

              . Run! Run! Run! is the bonus game, which is obtained by reaching a score of 2,000 or more in Space Fever II. Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. The player's head becomes the boss of each level. Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
                . In the game, the player controls a spaceship which fires missiles at other ships.

                Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags. Space Fever II is an exact port of its arcade version. Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                  . The player's head is the DJ. Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS. DJ, probably the most popular game on the Game Boy Camera, the player can mix and create his or her own music. Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                    . The head is the person juggling.

                    Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates. Ball is a juggling game, in which the player moves his or hand around to catch and throw balls. Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                      . Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio. MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                        .

                        Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS. Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.

                          . ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only. Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.

                          Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate. LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate. CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4). 4-speed automatic.

                          6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT). 5-speed manual. 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America). 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand).

                          5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002). 3-door Hatchback. (America). 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards.

                          (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60.

                          (Latin America). 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (All Markets). 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60.

                          (America). 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America). 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only.

                          1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci). 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi). (All Markets). 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60.

                          1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets). (Europe). 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe).

                          1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60.

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