Ford Focus

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(Tagged January 2006)

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available.

In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets).

Focus Mk I

Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later.

Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002.

The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement.

It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia.

Engines

  • 1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets)
  • 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci)
  • 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America)
  • 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60. (All Markets)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (Latin America)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe)
  • 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards. (America)

Body styles (Offerings vary by market)

  • 3-door Hatchback
  • 5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002)
  • 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand)
  • 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America)

In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation.

Transmissions

  • 5-speed manual
  • 6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT)
  • 4-speed automatic

Trim levels

United Kingdom

Standard

  • CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4)
  • LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
  • Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
  • Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.
  • ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only

Special Editions

  • Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS
  • MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio
  • Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates
  • Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS
  • Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags
  • Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS
  • Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags
  • Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS
  • Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS
  • Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats
  • RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.
    • Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light

Motorsport

In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm.

Competition

Europe

  • Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4)
  • Fiat Stilo
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra
  • Mazda 3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Peugeot 307
  • Renault Megane
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

North America

  • Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006)
  • Chevrolet Cobalt
  • Dodge Neon
  • Honda Civic
  • Hyundai Elantra
  • Mazda3
  • Mitsubishi Lancer
  • Nissan Sentra
  • Pontiac Vibe
  • Saturn Ion
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Volkswagen Golf

Sales and history

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan.

Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe.

Reliability

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.

USA Focus Mk II

In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Fusion
  • Ford Taurus
  • Ford Five Hundred
  • Ford Crown Victoria

Saleen S121

Two 2006 Saleen S121s

Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers.

European Focus Mk II

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks.

The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:

  • Ford Ka
  • Ford Fiesta
  • Ford Focus
  • Ford Mondeo

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand.

Engines and Chassis

The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm.

Petrol

  • 1.4 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec
  • 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT
  • 2.0 L Duratec-HE
  • 2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder

Diesel

  • 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type)
  • 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type)
  • 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10)

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling.

Changes

The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual.

Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design.

The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf.

Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin.

There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Another new model is the Focus ST. It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW).

Awards

Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7].

In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car.

Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards.


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The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards. At least two prehistoric creatures from the fossil record have been named after Godzilla:. Auto Express in 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk II "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. " Giant Billy and Mandy: All Out Attack". In 2001 and 2002, Focus was the world’s best selling car. Here is a partial list of such references:. Motor Trend magazine has also given the Focus favorable reviews, writing comments like "As entry-level sedans go, few can touch Ford's Focus on the fun-to-drive front" [7]. As with any pop culture icon, Godzilla has been parodied, referenced to and homaged in many movies, TV shows, comic books, internet articles, and so on.

The North American version has been a favorite of Car and Driver magazine, which has elected it to its Ten Best list every year since its introduction in 2000 [6]. Godzilla and his fellow monsters have appeared in several video games, including:. In 2005, in a poll by the Men & Motors TV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time. Several manga have been derived from specific Godzilla films, and both Marvel and Dark Horse have published Godzilla comic book series (1977–1979 and 1987–1999, respectively). The Focus was on Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for five consecutive years (2000 through 2004). The series make several homages to the Shōwa films and several antagonist monsters have been inspired by extant Toho creations. Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best family car ever (Autocar UK 2003). Saturday morning cartoons, both featuring an investigative scientific team who call upon Godzilla as an ally.

It uses the same powerplant from the Volvo S40 T5, a turbocharged 2.5 L 5-cylinder engine capable of achieving 220 hp DIN (166 kW). The success of the Godzilla franchise has also spawned two U.S. Another new model is the Focus ST. Putting the Godzilla films' suits and effects crew to further use were several Japanese television shows; Ultraman and some shows inspired by it used the suits occasionally for cameos but Godzilla Island primarily followed the further adventures of the kaiju featured in the films. The vehicle will have a metal folding roof. Hedorah, has acquired permission to make a 40-minute film for IMAX theaters, and has secured close to complete funding. There is much talk about a cabriolet (convertible) version, named the Vignale, designed with Pininfarina and due to be lauched in 2006. Yoshimitsu Banno, director of Godzilla vs.

Although the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall Astra and Volkswagen Golf have much improved handling (over their respective predecessors), the Focus is still regarded as the class-leader in ride and handling, even over its mechanically similar Mazda3 cousin. (Please note that the titles listed below are Toho's preferred English titles; for further discussion, see Toho Kingdom.). Dynamically, the Focus is still held in high regard by the motoring press. All of these, with the lone exception of the 23rd, were produced by Toho Studios in Japan. The new car has gained the best ever Euro NCAP ratings for its class, beating such contenders as the Renault Mégane and Volkswagen Golf. Since 1954, there have been 29 official Godzilla films produced. The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober styling and better quality plastics than the ageing first generation design. It is later killed by the "true" Godzilla from a hit to the tail, and its radioactive breath.

The new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the original Focus which were never signed off for production. In Godzilla: Final Wars (2004) a kaiju named Zilla, of identical to design to the American interpretation of Godzilla, attacks Sydney, Australia. Stylistically, the Mk II's styling has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness of its predecessor. The monster that had appeared in New York was not, in fact, Godzilla, but an entirely different yet similar monster. It also features either a Durashift 6-speed manual, Durashift 4-speed automatic transmission or the all-new Durashift advanced manual transmission or just the standard manual. The Gotham attack was referred to in the 2001 movie Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack. The interior and dashboard are made from far higher quality plastics than before, and the overall feeling of solidity of the car has been increased markedly in a deliberate attempt to emulate the standards set by the Volkswagen Golf. In response to negative fan reaction to the 1998 American Godzilla film, Toho inserted derogatory references to the American film and creature design in two of its Millennium movies.

New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems. The exceptions: In Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack and in the VS series, he was 60 meters to 80, and in Godzilla: Final Wars and Godzilla VS Destoroyah, he was 100 meters (he was supposed to be 50 meters in Final Wars, but budgetary cutbacks in miniature sets forced this size change). The car has a more Italianate feel in its exterior styling. Godzilla's most prominent size in this series is 55 meters. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. Since the films are different, the sizes are different in some cases. The Focus Mk II is larger than its Mk I predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. The common theme to this era is that all movies use Godzilla (1954) as the jumping-off point.

The basic suspension design has been carried over largely unchanged from the Mk I, although Ford claims that the stiffer bodyshell further improves the Focus' handling. The rest follow entirely different timelines. Diesel. Only two of the films in this era, Godzilla Against Mechagodzilla and Godzilla: Tokyo SOS, are directly related to one another. Petrol. Unlike the previous two series, this era does not feature a continuous timeline. The Focus ST's engine uses a turbo and offers a healthy 236 lb ft torque peaking as low as 1,600rpm. Destoroyah.

The new Focus ST, however, has a 2.5L 220bhp 5 cylinder straight engine, derived from Volvo as used in the S40 T5. The Millennium Series is the official term for the series of Godzilla movies, unofficially called the "Shinsei Series" (or even the "Alternate Reality Series") by American fans, made after the VS Series ended with Godzilla vs. The PSA-developed Duratorq diesel engine in 1.6 L 100 bhp and 110 bhp editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L 115 hp diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo). Examples of this changed behavior include the American Godzilla running away and hiding from the military instead of fighting, a lack of radioactive fire-breath, the laying of eggs by Godzilla, and the ease with which the monster is dispatched by the military at the end of the film. The 1.4 L and 1.6 L (100 bhp and Ti-VCT 115 bhp) units, although named "Duratec", are in fact revised versions of the old Zetec-SE units, while the 2.0 L versions are the Mazda-derived Duratec-HE units. Also, the behavior of the American Godzilla is viewed as running contrary to the long-established Japanese Godzilla traditions. The engine lineup for the Mk II is a mixture of old and new, with the Zetec petrol (gasoline) engines of the original having been superseded by the newer Duratec range. Instead, he resembles a gigantic bipedal iguana or Komodo dragon.

This new Focus is also built in South Africa for export to Australia and New Zealand. The Godzilla in this movie is almost entirely computer-animated, and bears little resemblance in look or manner to his Japanese counterpart. The European Ford Focus is in the middle of a line of saloon/hatchback cars (smallest to largest) by Ford:. However, the biggest change is in the Godzilla character itself. The four-door sedan version was previewed as a concept developed by Ford Australia at the Beijing Motor Show in mid-2004 and joined the range after the hatchbacks. Another is that it is produced by a different company. It was launched at the Paris Motor Show on September 23, 2004 as a three and five-door hatchback and a station wagon. The most obvious is that the American movie restarts the saga from the beginning, setting the main action in New York City.

The Focus Mk II, codenamed C307, uses a new platform called C1 shared with the Volvo S40, Mazda3 and Focus C-Max. GINO is so called for multiple reasons. The S121 is sold as new at many Ford dealers. The monster in the 1998 film has since been dubbed GINO (Godzilla In Name Only) by many Godzilla fans. It includes a 150 hp (112 kW) engine and updated brakes, suspension, and body kit. Set in New York City and produced by Columbia Pictures, this movie is not considered to be part of any of the three eras of the Godzilla series. Tuner Saleen modified the Mark II USA Focus into the S121 performance car. In the 1998 film, Godzilla had been a reptile mutated after a French atomic test, on a French Polynesian island.

The American Ford Focus fits smallest into a line of sedans (smallest to largest) by Ford:. The $136 million US boxoffice fell far short of marketing expectations, thus the film is generally viewed as a failure despite turning a profit worldwide. Ford apparently decided that a completely new car would not be profitable in this heavily price and incentive-driven market. Despite being one of the highest grossing films of the year when factoring in overseas profits, the film was widely panned by cult followers of the Godzilla franchise, critics on both sides of the Pacific, and movie-goers in general. In North America, a major facelift occurred for the 2005 model year, but on the old CW170 platform. The only Godzilla movie not made by Toho is the 1998 film Godzilla, directed by Roland Emmerich. This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability. Hence, The Return of Godzilla brought the series back to form.

The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between 1 to 3 years old on the German car market [5]. However, the further Godzilla was taken away from his roots, the less popular he became. The car has also received a Consumers Digest Best Buy Rating, [4] an award that takes numerous factors into consideration, including reliability and recall history. When it was discovered that Godzilla was popular with children, sequels were toned down in obvious screen violence, and Godzilla was made out to be a good guy instead of an indestructible, abhorrent mistake of men. The Focus now at Ford dealerships has Consumer Reports Best in Class rating for small cars [3]. The reason for the continuity shift was based on a realization that the marketing of the movies had removed the reason it was so loved. In fact, there have been no Focus recalls in the United States since 2002 [2]. Destoroyah after a run of seven films.

In the US spec models, despite a series of major recalls early in the car's life [1], reliability has steadily been improving. Known as the VS Series, (unofficially known to American fans as the "Heisei Series", for the ruling emperor of the time), the continuity ended in 1995's Godzilla vs. A convertible version was another notable omission, although there is talk of producing a drop-top version of the Mk II for Europe. The timeline was revamped in 1984 with The Return of Godzilla; this movie was created as a direct sequel to the 1954 film, and ignores the continuity of the Showa series. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. The American release Godzilla, King of the Monsters! (1956) incorrectly stated Godzilla's height to be 400 feet, an inaccuracy that lingers today. Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. In all films of this original series, Godzilla was 50 meters tall, and weighed 20,000 tons.

The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a panel van body style. This period featured a rough continuity, although the chronology is confused, as some of the later movies were set in an arbitrary future time, often 1999. In Europe, the original had a very subtle facelift in 2001. The Showa period saw the addition of many monsters into the Godzilla continuity, three of which (Mothra, Rodan and Varan) had their own solo movies, as well as a movie for the Toho-ized King Kong. The Focus won the North American Car of the Year award for 2000. The films Son of Godzilla and All Monsters Attack were aimed largely at youthful audiences, featuring the appearance of Godzilla's son, Minya. It was elected Car of the Year in 1999. Starting with Ghidorah, the Three-Headed Monster (made 10 years after the first Godzilla film), Godzilla became a semi-playful antihero, and as years went by, he evolved into an anthropomorphic superhero.

This was the best-selling car in the world in 2000 and 2001. Godzilla, which had the highest ticket sales of any Godzilla movie. Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. This tendency started with King Kong vs. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the sedan. Godzilla, this period also featured a somewhat more lighthearted Godzilla. Ford attempted to market the sedan in Europe as a mini-executive car by only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. With the exception of the serious Godzilla (1954) and the semi-serious sequels Godzilla Raids Again and Mothra vs.

In Europe, the hatchback is the biggest selling bodystyle. This Showa timeline spanned from 1954, with Godzilla (1954), to 1975, with Terror of Mechagodzilla. North America. The initial series of movies is named for the Showa period in Japan (as all of these films were produced before Emperor Hirohito's death in 1989). Europe. The Godzilla series is generally broken into three eras, reflecting the broader division of daikaiju eiga into the Shōwa era, Heisei era, and Millennium era. The next version of the Focus WRC hit the special stages on the 2005 Rally Australia with Toni Gardemeister and Roman Kresta, notching victory on its 'full' championship debut on the 2006 Monte Carlo Rally in the hands of Marcus Gronholm. Godzilla would go on to inspire Gorgo, Gamera, and many others.

Subsequent variants followed, piloted by such men as Colin McRae, Carlos Sainz, Markko Martin and Francois Duval. The Japanese version of Godzilla was greatly inspired by the commercial success of King Kong, and the 1953 success of The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms. In 1999, Ford revealed its first version for the World Rally Championship: the Focus WRC. Such an ability was used in Godzilla, Mothra, King Ghidorah; where Godzilla's heart beats after Godzilla explodes. Special Editions. This would make it possible for Godzilla to continue indefinitely, even though he appears to die. Standard. In Godzilla 2000, it is discussed that Godzilla possesses a component known as "Organizer G-1", or "Regenerator G-1" in the English version of the film, which allows him to heal from any wound, possibly even regenerate himself from mere fragments.

United Kingdom. In the subsequent films, another of Godzilla's species take his place or Godzilla simply doesn't stay dead (there is some debate about this). In the US, the four body styles are coded with a ZXx designation. Nonetheless, Gojira - or Godzilla - returned in a series of films, all from Toho. It is produced by factories in: Saarlouis, Germany; Valencia, Spain; Pacheco, Argentina; and Wayne, Michigan in which the US Knocked down kits are supplied for assembly to Vsevolzhsk near Saint Petersburg, Russia. Serizawa's oxygen destroyer, killed Godzilla at the end of the first movie, dissolving his flesh and bone into nothingness. As a result, the Focus had bold styling, increased quality and critically-acclaimed handling and refinement. The deoxygenation of Tokyo bay, caused by Dr.

After the Escort Mk IV was criticised by the motoring press as being designed by the "bean counters" and for its mediocre ride, handling and quality, Ford decided to take more risks in its replacement. On his 50th (Japanese) birthday, on 29 November 2004, Godzilla got a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The Focus is arguably the biggest indication of the change in Ford's design and engineering philosophy. Creator and producer Tomoyuki Tanaka accepted on his behalf via satellite but was joined by "Godzilla" himself. Like the Mondeo, most of the design and engineering work took place in Europe. Destoroyah, Godzilla received an award for Lifetime Achievement at the MTV Movie Awards. The Focus, like the Mondeo Mk I, was a "world car", which saw Ford coordinate and pool its resources from all over the globe. In 1996, after his then-final appearance in Godzilla vs.

The engines used are the well-proven Zetec and Zetec-SE units, with the Endura diesel (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s), although the Duratorq unit replaced this in 2002. The creature also made an appearance in a Nike commercial, in which Godzilla went one-on-one with NBA star Charles Barkley. Mechanically, it drew heavily from other European Ford models, using a sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") derived from the Short-Long Arm system used in the Mondeo station wagon (estate), giving the Focus class-leading handling and ride. The Blue Öyster Cult song "Godzilla" also contributed to the popularity of the movies. The daring styling made it largely unchanged when it entered production three years later. Sony currently holds some of those rights, as well as the rights to every Godzilla film produced from 1991 onward. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 took the world by storm at the design's apparent boldness - further developing Ford's "New Edge" styling philosophy first seen in the Ka and Cougar. The American company UPA contracted with Toho to distribute its monster movies of the time, and UPA continues to hold the license today for the Godzilla films of the 1960s and 1970s.

Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Much of Godzilla's popularity in the United States can be credited with TV broadcasts of the Toho Studios monster movies during the 1960s and 1970s. Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion, the original Focus took its eventual name from a Ghia concept car which was shown in 1991. Toho immediately followed it with 1999's Godzilla 2000: Millennium, which began the current series of films, known informally as the Mireniamu or Millennium series. . All but one of the 29 films were produced by Toho: a version was made in 1998 by TriStar Pictures and set in the United States by the directors of Independence Day (ID4) and is somewhat despised by most Godzilla fans. In Australia, New Zealand, Japan and other countries in the region, it replaced the Laser, based on the Mazda 323 (called the Mazda Protege in some markets). Films have been made over the last five decades, each reflecting the social and political climate in Japan.

Unlike previous Fords in the North American market, the Pinto and the Escort, no luxury Mercury version is available. Some have pointed out the parallels, conscious or unconscious, between Godzilla's relationship to Japan and that of the United States; first a terrible enemy who causes enormous destruction, but then becoming a good friend and defender in times of peril. A new version of the Focus was launched in Europe in January 2005, while the United States received an updated version of the old model. The Versus and Millennium Series have largely continued this concept. Since then, it has become the most popular car in the United Kingdom, following in the success of the Escort, its predecessor. The radioactive contamination of the Japanese fishing boat Daigo Fukuryu Maru through the United States' Castle Bravo thermonuclear device test on Bikini Atoll, on March 1, 1954 lead to much press coverage in Japan preceding the release of the first movie in 1954. It was launched in 1998 in Europe, and in 2000 in North America. Godzilla was originally an allegory for the effects of the hydrogen bomb, and the unintended consequences that such weapons might have on Earth.

The Ford Focus is an automobile made by the Ford Motor Company and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. As a result, the monster came to be known as "Godzilla" also in Japan (the belief that American distributors were responsible for the name "Godzilla" is a misconception, since Toho came up with the name for international markets to begin with). 2.0 L Duratorq (PSA DW10). In 1956, it was adapted by an American company into Godzilla, King of the Monsters (based on Toho's international title), edited and with added, principal scenes featuring Raymond Burr, and this version became an international success. 1.8 L Duratorq (Ford "Lynx" type). Gojira was first released in the United States in 1955 in Japanese-American communities only, under Toho's international title, Godzilla. 1.6L (100bhp and 110bhp) Duratorq (PSA type). But since Gojira was neither a gorilla nor a whale, the name "Gojira" was devised in a different way for the film's story; Gojira's name was "originally" spelled in katakana (呉爾羅).

2.5 L Duratec-HE 5-cylinder. The name was allegedly originally a nickname of a large worker at Toho Studios. 2.0 L Duratec-HE. The name "Gojira" is a combination of gorira which means "gorilla" and kujira, which means "whale" in Japanese. 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT. the first Godzilla movie always appilies to all Subsequent movies, most of the time the creature is described as prehistoric, often a surviving dinosaur, and its first attacks on Japan are linked to atomic testing in the Pacific Ocean, including but not limited to using nuclear mutation as an explanation for the creature's great size and strange powers. 1.6 L Duratec. .

1.4 L Duratec. Although much of Godzilla's significance as an anti-war symbol has been lost in the transition to pop culture, the nuclear breath remains as a visual vestige of the creature's early Cold War politics. Ford Mondeo. The earliest two Godzilla films visually and thematically evoke the US bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the aftermath and human damage of Godzilla's attacks. Ford Focus. Godzilla is characterized as amphibious, nearly indestructible and highly regenerative, and breathing a sort of nuclear fire or "heat-ray". Ford Fiesta. (For a list of these films, see below.).

Ford Ka. A new film is slated to be produced by Advanced Audiovisual Productions. Ford Crown Victoria. In 1998 TriStar Pictures produced a nominal remake of the original set in contemporary New York city. Ford Five Hundred. To date, Toho has produced 28 Godzilla films. Ford Taurus. Godzilla (ゴジラ - Gojira) is a giant Japanese movie monster (kaiju) first seen in the 1954 Japanese tokusatsu film Gojira, produced by Toho Film Company Ltd.

Ford Fusion. Dakosaurus andiniensis, a crocodile from the Jurassic Period, was nicknamed "Godzilla" before being scientifically classified. Ford Focus. Gojirasaurus quayi is a theropod dinosaur that lived in the Triassic Period; a partial skeleton was unearthed in Quay County, New Mexico. Volkswagen Golf. There is a drink in Malaysia called "Milo Godzilla", consisting of a cup of Milo with ice cream and/or whipped cream on top of it. Toyota Corolla. The Fairly OddParents.

Saturn Ion. Rugrats. Pontiac Vibe. Invader Zim. Nissan Sentra. Jimmy Neutron. Mitsubishi Lancer. Animaniacs.

Mazda3. Garfield and Friends. Hyundai Elantra. Reign Storm. Honda Civic. Godzilla has cameoed or inspired likenesses in several other (usually animated) shows:

    . Dodge Neon. One The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy episode is titled.

    Chevrolet Cobalt. However, his name gives away that he is a parody of Godzilla. Chevrolet Cavalier(Until 2006). There is a Warcraft creature called Gahz'rilla who is a hydra. Volkswagen Golf. However, when they visit Tokyo, Ultraman flies by them, waves, and then starts dancing and singing with Godzilla. Toyota Corolla. In Olive the Other Reindeer, a show often shown on Cartoon Network during the Christmas season, Olive, Santa, and Santa's reindeer sing a song titled "Merry Christmas After All" while traveling the world delivering presents.

    Renault Megane. Mariah Carey's video for "Boy (I Need You)", which takes place in a futuristic Japanese metropolis, features a yellow, fire-breathing Godzilla-like monster, also brought to life by suitmation. Peugeot 307. It is identified by a civilian as Godzilla, but another civilian corrects him, stating that it only looks like Godzilla due to copyright issues. Mitsubishi Lancer. In Austin Powers in Goldmember, Austin crashes his car into a dinosaur like parade float while in Japan, causing it to roll around the streets uncontrollably. Mazda 3. In The Fairly Oddparents TV movie School's Out: The Musical before the Mayor starts singing it shows Godzilla destroying the city.

    Opel Astra/Vauxhall Astra. In the episode of the Comedy Central animated reality show parody Drawn Together entitled "Super Nanny", Godzilla plays a minor role as Ling-Ling's conscience (with his size probably meant as a subtle joke to Ling-Ling's cultural responsibility). Hyundai Elantra. Godzilla is distracted by Mothra, Rodan and Gamera, allowing the plane to escape. Honda Civic. In the last scene of The Simpsons 10th season finale "Thirty Minutes Over Tokyo", Godzilla attacks a plane going from Japan to the USA that the Simpsons are on. Fiat Stilo. Featured in the Animaniacs short, "Warners and the Beanstalk" where Yakko tells the Giant, "Would you like it in Japan with Godzilla and Rodan?"(a parody of Green Eggs and Ham) The Giant ignores Yakko's offer resulting in Godzilla burning him with his Atomic breath, and Rodan blowing him away.

    Citroën Xsara (recently, Citroën C4). Godzilla: Save the Earth. Special features included: Rally-derived suspension, wide track, Thatcham Cat 1 alarm, leather sparco seats, metal pedals, alloy gear nob, air conditioning, 6CD multichanger radio, start button, blue backlit dials, turbo boost guage and change up warning light. Godzilla: Domination. RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback.

      . Godzilla: Destroy All Monsters Melee. Also, Amadine blue pattern seats, leather gear nob and blue collection floormats. Super Godzilla.

      Special features included: Official ford body kit comprising side skirts, front bumper with mesh lower grill and round fog lights and rear bumper with mesh lower grill and cut out for exhaust. Godzilla: Monster of Monsters. Collection (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

        . Godzilla: The Series. Special features included: 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Machine Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, heated front windscreen, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, rear disc brakes and ABS. The Godzilla Power Hour. Silver (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
          . Monster Planet Of Godzilla.

          Special features included: Ink Blue paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, chrome tailpipe, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), Midnight Black heated leather seats, titanium effect scuff plates and ABS. Godzilla Island. Ink (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.

            . Meteor Man Zone. Special features included: 15" steel wheels with wheeltrims, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. Ultra Q. Flight (1.6 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback.
              . Ultraman.

              Special features included: Moondust Silver paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, side airbags and ABS. He can release a powerful atomic energy beam, usually blue but in some films red, from his mouth (which is ominously signalled when his dorsal fins glow/flash in the same color as the atomic beam). Elle (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                . He is virtually indestructible, impervious to all modern weaponry. Special features included: Spoiler (commonly known as the Collection spoiler), 16" 5 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, titanium effect radio surround and side airbags. His iconic design (a charcoal-colored monster-like figure with small pointed ears, rough bumpy scales, powerful tail, and bony colored dorsal fins shaped like maple leaves). Edge (1.6 petrol, 115PS diesel), 3/5-door hatchback.
                  .

                  Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1.5 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black heated leather seats, 6 disc cd autochanger radio, air conditioning, heated front windscreen, titanium finish scuff plates, ABS, traction control, parking sensors and side airbags. Ebony (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                    . Special features included: Magnum Grey paint, chrome tailpipe, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, Midnight Black heated leather seats, air conditioning, heated front windscreen and ABS. Chic (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                      .

                      Special features included: Panther Black paint, 15" 3x2 spoke alloy wheels, mesh Upper Grill (commonly known as the Collection Mk1 Grill), chrome tailpipe, Midnight Black leather heated seats, air conditioning, heated fron windscreen and scuff plates. Black (1.6 petrol), 3-door hatchback.

                        . Special features included: 17" 7 spoke alloy wheels, limited paint colour choice (Metropolis Blue or Moondust Silver), Harlequin Blue seat trim and MP3 compatible radio. MP3 (1.8 petrol), 3-door hatchback.
                          .

                          Special features included: Millennium Yellow paint, heated leather seats and ABS. Millennium (1.8 petrol), 5-door hatchback.

                            . ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback only. Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon.

                            Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate. LX (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate. CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (only available in UK with 1.4). 4-speed automatic.

                            6-speed manual (Euro ST, US SVT). 5-speed manual. 4-door Wagon (Estate) (Only available in Europe, Japan and North America). 4-door Sedan (Saloon) (Not available in Japan or New Zealand).

                            5-door Hatchback (Part of the original line in Europe, added for North America starting in 2002). 3-door Hatchback. (America). 2.3 L Duratec From 2004 onwards.

                            (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: RS Only; 212BHP; 19.9MPG; 144MPH top speed; 6.4s 0-60. (Europe). 2.0 L Duratec: ST170 Only; 170BHP; 25MPG; 133MPH top speed; 8.2s 0-60.

                            (Latin America). 2.0 L Duratec: From 2004 onwards. (All Markets). 2.0 L Zetec: 128BHP; 33.1MPG; 125MPH top speed; 9.0s 0-60.

                            (America). 2.0 L SPI: Sedan (Saloon) style only. (America). 2.0 L CVH: Sedan (Saloon) style only.

                            1.8 L Duratorq diesel: 100 PS (75 kW) and 115 PS (86 kW) common rail (Europe) (TDci). 1.8 L Endura-D diesel: 75 PS (56 kW) and 90 PS (67 kW) non-common-rail (Europe) (TDi/TDdi). (All Markets). 1.8 L Zetec: 113BHP; 37.2MPG; 123MPH top speed; 10.2s 0-60.

                            1.6 L Zetec: (Other Markets). (Europe). 1.6 L Zetec-SE: 99BHP; 40.9MPG; 115MPH top speed; 10.9s 0-60. (Europe).

                            1.4 L Zetec-SE: 74BHP; 42.8MPG; 106MPH top speed; 14.1s 0-60.

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