Elgin Gay Baylor (born September 16, 1934 in Washington, DC) was one of the most graceful and acrobatic forwards to ever play the game of basketball playing 13 seasons for the NBA's Minneapolis and Los Angeles Lakers.
Elgin Baylor played college basketball at the College of Idaho and Seattle University, leading the SU Chieftains to the NCAA championship game in 1958 (where they lost to the Kentucky Wildcats). Following his junior season, Baylor joined the Minneapolis Lakers for the 1958-1959 season and moving with them to Los Angeles in 1960.
In 1959, Baylor won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award and from the 1960-61 to the 1962-63 seasons, he averaged 34.8, 38.3 and 34.0 points per game, leading the Lakers to the NBA Finals eight times (although never winning). Baylor was a 10-time All-NBA First Team selection and went to the NBA All-Star Game 11 times.
Baylor began to be hampered with knee problems during the 1963-64 season and, while still a very powerful force, was never quite the same player, never averaging above 30 points per game again. During Baylor's career, the Lakers were a consistently powerful team, but were continuously overshadowed by the Boston Celtics dynasty of the time.
Baylor finally retired during the 1971-72 season because of his nagging knee problems. His retirement resulted in two great ironies. First, the Lakers' next game after his retirement was the first of an NBA record of 33 consecutive wins. Second, the Lakers went on to win the NBA Championship that season, something that Baylor never achieved. He finished his career with an astonishing 23,149 points, 3,650 assists and 11,463 rebounds over 846 games.
In 1974, Baylor was hired to be an assistant coach and later the head coach for the New Orleans Jazz, but had a lackluster 86-135 record and retired following the 1978-79 season. In 1986, Baylor was hired by the Los Angeles Clippers as the team's vice president of basketball operations, where he still is today.
In 1977, Baylor was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame and in 1980 he was named to the NBA 35th Anniversary All-Time Team and again in 1996, he was named to the NBA 50th Anniversary All-Time Team.
Baylor ranked #11 on SLAM Magazine's Top 75 NBA Players of all time in 2003.
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Baylor ranked #11 on SLAM Magazine's Top 75 NBA Players of all time in 2003. The name was proposed by Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld who along with Cornelis Johannes van Houten and Tom Gehrels discovered the asteroid on September 24, 1960. In 1977, Baylor was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame and in 1980 he was named to the NBA 35th Anniversary All-Time Team and again in 1996, he was named to the NBA 50th Anniversary All-Time Team. Honoring Spirit's great contribution to the exploration of Mars, the asteroid 37452 has been named Spirit. In 1986, Baylor was hired by the Los Angeles Clippers as the team's vice president of basketball operations, where he still is today. Ephemeris data generated by JPL Horizons indicates that Opportunity would have been able to observe the transit from the start until local sunset at about 19:23 UTC Earth time, while Spirit would have been able to observe it from local sunrise at about 19:38 UTC Earth time until the end of the transit. In 1974, Baylor was hired to be an assistant coach and later the head coach for the New Orleans Jazz, but had a lackluster 86-135 record and retired following the 1978-79 season. They were able to observe transits of Deimos across the Sun, but at 2' angular diameter, Deimos is about 20 times larger than Mercury's 6.1" angular diameter.
He finished his career with an astonishing 23,149 points, 3,650 assists and 11,463 rebounds over 846 games. Theoretically, this could have been observed by both Spirit and Opportunity, however camera resolution did not permit seeing Mercury's 6.1" angular diameter. Second, the Lakers went on to win the NBA Championship that season, something that Baylor never achieved. A transit of Mercury from Mars took place on January 12, 2005 from about 14:45 UTC to 23:05 UTC. First, the Lakers' next game after his retirement was the first of an NBA record of 33 consecutive wins. Some of Spirit's star gazing was designed to look for a predicted meteor shower caused by Halley's Comet but no images of meteors have been formally released. His retirement resulted in two great ironies. These observations included a "lunar" (or rather phobal) eclipse as Spirit watched Phobos disappear into Mars's shadow.
Baylor finally retired during the 1971-72 season because of his nagging knee problems. In fall of 2005 Spirit took advantage of a favorable energy situation to make multiple nighttime observations of both of Mars' moons Phobos and Deimos. During Baylor's career, the Lakers were a consistently powerful team, but were continuously overshadowed by the Boston Celtics dynasty of the time. It also took the only photo of Earth from another world in early March. Baylor began to be hampered with knee problems during the 1963-64 season and, while still a very powerful force, was never quite the same player, never averaging above 30 points per game again. Spirit pointed its cameras towards the sky and observed a transit of the Sun by Mars' moon Deimos (see Transit of Deimos from Mars). Baylor was a 10-time All-NBA First Team selection and went to the NBA All-Star Game 11 times.
In 1959, Baylor won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award and from the 1960-61 to the 1962-63 seasons, he averaged 34.8, 38.3 and 34.0 points per game, leading the Lakers to the NBA Finals eight times (although never winning). Spirit's total odometry as of sol 735 (January 27, 2006) was 6,279.01 meters (3.9 miles). Following his junior season, Baylor joined the Minneapolis Lakers for the 1958-1959 season and moving with them to Los Angeles in 1960. There has been a large effort to maximize driving prior to this. Elgin Baylor played college basketball at the College of Idaho and Seattle University, leading the SU Chieftains to the NCAA championship game in 1958 (where they lost to the Kentucky Wildcats). Spirit entered restricted sols on sol 715 and now is only able to drive every other day. Elgin Gay Baylor (born September 16, 1934 in Washington, DC) was one of the most graceful and acrobatic forwards to ever play the game of basketball playing 13 seasons for the NBA's Minneapolis and Los Angeles Lakers. Spirit is making its way to "Home Plate", where it should receive adequate sunlight during the Martian winter.
This also marks the first time dust devils had been spotted by either Spirit or Opportunity, easily one of the top highlights of the mission to date. NASA scientists speculate a dust devil must have swept the solar panels clean, possibly significantly extending the duration of the mission. On 9 March 2005 (probably during the Martian night), the rover's solar panel efficiency jumped from around 60% of what it had originally been to 93%, followed on 10 March by the sighting of dust devils. Squyres said of the discovery, "We're still trying to work out what this means, but clearly, with this much salt around, water had a hand here".
The soil also contained a high amount of phosphorus in its composition, however not nearly as high as another rock sampled by Spirit, "Wishstone". Spirit also investigated some targets along the way, including the soil target, "Paso Robles", which contained the highest amount of salt found on the red planet. The scientists at this time were trying to conserve as much energy as possible for the climb. By Sol 390 (Mid-February 2005), Spirit was advancing towards "Larry's Lookout", by driving up the hill backwards in reverse.
Spirit ground it with the RAT tool on Sol 373. On Sol 371, Spirit arrived at a rock named "Peace" near the top of Cumberland Ridge. Slowly, Spirit has made its way around the summit of Husband Hill, and at Sol 344 was ready to climb over the newly designated "Cumberland Ridge" and into "Larry's Lookout" and "Tennessee Valley". From Sols 239 to 262, Spirit powered down for solar conjunction.
Following Clovis came the targets of Ebenezer (Sols 226-235), Tetl (Sol 270), Uchben and Palinque (Sols 281-295), and Lutefisk (Sols 296-303). Clovis was ground and analyzed from Sol 210 to Sol 225. By Sol 203, Spirit had driven southward up the hill and arrived at the rock dubbed "Clovis". From here, Spirit took a northernly path along the base of the hill towards the target Wooly Patch, which was studied from Sol 192 to Sol 199.
Within Hank's Hollow was the strange looking rock dubbed "Pot of Gold". Hank's Hollow was studied for 23 sols. On Sol 159, Spirit reached the first of many targets at the base of the Columbia Hills called West Spur. A long, snaking sand dune stretches away from its southwestern side, and Spirit went around it.
Lahonten is about 60 yards across and about 10 yards deep. It then reached Lahonten crater on Sol 118, and drove along the rim until Sol 120. The rover skirted the northern rim, and continued to the southeast. Missoula crater was not considered a high priority target due to the older rocks it contained.
The crater is roughly 100 yards across and 20 yards deep. Spirit reached Missoula crater on Sol 105. Spirit drove along the southern rim, tore up some sand dunes, and continued to the southwest towards the Columbia Hills. JPL decided that it would be a bad idea to send the rover down into the crater, as they saw no targets of interest inside.
This crater is 150 yards across and about 30 yards deep. On 11 March 2004, the Spirit rover reached Bonneville crater after a 400 yard journey. (Press release). If this interpretation holds true, the minerals were most likely dissolved in water, which was either carried inside the rock or interacted with it at a later stage, after it formed.
Louis, reported during a NASA press conference: "If we found this rock on Earth, we would say it is a volcanic rock that had a little fluid moving through it." In contrast to the rocks found by the twin rover Opportunity, this one was formed from magma and then acquired bright material in small crevices, which look like crystallized minerals. Ray Arvidson of Washington University, St. Dr. On March 5, 2004, NASA announced that Spirit had found hints of water history on Mars in a rock dubbed "Humphrey".
Mimi could have been subjected to pressure either through burial or impact, or may have once been a dune that was cemented into flaky layers, a process that sometimes involves the action of water. Mimi's flaky appearance leads scientists to a number of hypotheses. Mimi is only one of many features in the area known as "Stone Council", but looks very different from any rock that scientists have seen at the Gusev crater site so far. This color image taken by the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit's panoramic camera on Sol 40 is centered on an unusually flaky rock called Mimi.
Following up that glorious circular brushing — it's like back-to-back homers.". In fact, when we saw virtually a complete circle, I was thrilled beyond anything I could have ever dreamed. "With the docile cutting parameters we set, I didn't think that it would cut this deep. "The RAT performed beyond our expectations," beamed Steve Gorevan, of Honeybee Robotics, New York, lead scientist for the rock abrasion tools on both rovers.
The rock abrasion tools on both Mars Exploration Rovers were supplied by Honeybee Robotics, New York, N.Y. This image was taken by Spirit's panoramic camera, providing a quick visual check of the success of the grinding. The hole is 2.65 millimeters (0.1 inch) deep, exposing fresh interior material of the rock for close inspection with the rover's microscopic imager and two spectrometers on the robotic arm. 6, 2004.
The Rock Abrasion Tool on NASA's Spirit rover ground off the surface of a patch 45.5 millimeters (1.8 inches) in diameter on a rock called Adirondack during Spirit's 34th sol on Mars, Feb. The round, shallow depression in this image resulted from history's first grinding of a rock on Mars. On 6 February (Sol 33), the rover was restored to its original working condition, and science activities resumed. After realizing what the problem was, the engineers deleted some files, and eventually reformatted the entire flash memory system.
Most of these files contained unneeded in-flight data. NASA engineers finally came to the conclusion that there were too many files on the filesystem, which was a relatively minor problem. The engineers indicated that they had initially believed that this was a serious problem, and as a result, performed operations that only exacerbated the minor situation. The flash hardware was in fact believed to be working correctly but the file management module in the software was "not robust enough" for the operations the Spirit was engaged in when the problem occurred, indicating that the problem was caused by a software bug as opposed to faulty hardware.
Spirit communicated successfully at 120 bits per second for nearly an hour. In this mode, the rover obeyed commands about communicating and going into sleep mode. Spirit was placed in "crippled mode," operating using RAM instead of flash. On 24 January the rover repair team announced that the problem was with Spirit's flash memory and the software that wrote to it.
Indications were that the cause of the reset was not always perceived by the rover's diagnostics to be the same each time. The processor was not resetting immediately, however, with a delay of up to an hour. The rover had also been in a processor reset loop of some type since Wednesday, in which the processor would repeatedly wake, load the flight software, and uncover a condition that would cause it to reset. This suggested difficulties with the rover's high-gain antenna.
Spirit was commanded to transmit engineering data, and on 23 January sent several short low-bitrate messages before finally transmitting 73 megabits via X band to Mars Odyssey. This was described as a very serious anomaly, but potentially recoverable if it was a software or memory corruption issue rather than a serious hardware failure. The next day the rover radioed a 7.8 bit/s beep, confirming that it had received a transmission from Earth but indicating that the spacecraft believed it was in a fault mode. On 21 January (Sol 18), Spirit abruptly ceased communicating with mission control.
This, however, is only the tip of the iceberg, as this image, received on 6 January 2004, is about one eighth of a single pancam panorama and isn't stereo. There are actually 12 million pixels in this image, it's 4,000 high by 3,000 wide. "We're seeing a panoramic mosaic of four pancam images high by three wide," said camera designer Jim Bell of Cornell. It is the highest resolution image ever taken on the surface of another planet.
To the right is the first color image of Mars taken by the panoramic camera on the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit. "Just as the ancient mariners used sextants for 'shooting the Sun,' as they called it, we were successfully able to shoot the Sun with our panorama camera, then use that information to point the antenna," said JPL's Matt Wallace, mission manger. It is 9 meters (30 feet) across and about 12 meters (40 feet) north of the lander. NASA scientists were very interested in this crater.
"Sleepy Hollow," a shallow depression in the Mars ground near NASA's Spirit rover, was targeted as an early destination when the rover drove off its lander platform. An archive of approximately weekly updates on the rover's status can be found at Spirit Update Archive (NASA/JPL site). The following paragraphs discuss the more notable findings. A detailed but incomplete chronology of events and discoveries may be found in the Spirit rover timeline entry.
The mission received several extensions and by January, 2006 had passed 720 sols. The primary surface mission for Spirit was planned to last 90 sols.
On February 2, the astronauts on Columbia's final mission were further memorialized when NASA named a set of hills to the east of the landing site the Columbia Hills Complex, denoting seven peaks in that area Anderson, Brown, Chawla, Clark, Husband, McCool and Ramon. On January 27 NASA memorialized the crew of Apollo 1 by naming three hills to the north of "Columbia Memorial Station" as the Apollo 1 Hills. The MER team named the landing site "Columbia Memorial Station," in honor of the seven astronauts killed in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. A panorama  shows a slightly rolling surface, littered with small rocks, with hills on the horizon up to 27 km away.
The rover, parachute, heat shield and several bounce marks are visible in a picture taken by Mars Global Surveyor. Spirit landed in Gusev crater about 10 km from the center of the target ellipse at latitude 14.5718° S ± 30 meters, longitude 175.4785° E ± 0.5 meters . . Spirit was named by a winning entry in a student essay competiton—see Naming of Spirit and Opportunity.
Her twin Opportunity landed successfully on Mars on January 24, 2004. She successfully landed on Mars at 04:35 Ground UTC on January 4, 2004 and has operated successfully for over one full Martian year and two Earth years. Spirit (official designation: MER-A) is the first of the two Mars Exploration Rover missions.