Dodge Dakota

The Dakota is a midsize pickup truck from DaimlerChrysler's Dodge brand. It was introduced in 1987 alongside the redesigned Dodge Ram 50. The Dakota was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award for 2000.

The Dakota has always been sized above the compact (Ford Ranger, Chevrolet S-10) and below the full-sized (Ford F-150, Chevrolet Silverado) pickups and Dodge's own Ram. It is a conventional design with body-on-frame construction and leaf spring/live axle rear end. The Dakota has also long been the only midsize pickup with an optional V8 engine. One notable feature was the Dakota's rack and pinion steering, a first in work trucks.

1987

The first generation of the Dakota was produced from 1987 through 1996. Straight-4 and V6 engines were offered along with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission. Four wheel drive was available only with the V6. Both 6.5 ft (2 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) beds were offered. Fuel injection was added to the 3.9 L V6 for 1988 but the output remained the same.

1989 saw the unusual Dakota convertible. The first convertible pickup since the Ford Model T, it featured a fixed roll bar and complicated manual top. Just 2,482 were sold that first year. Another important addition that year was Carroll Shelby's V8-powered Shelby Dakota, his first rear wheel drive vehicle in two decades.

An extended "Club Cab" model was added for 1990, still with two doors. This model allowed the Dakota to boast capacity for six passengers, although the rear seat was best suited for children and shorter adults.

For 1991, the front of the Dakota received a more aerodynamic grille and hood, and Dodge added the 5.2 L V8 as an option, inspired by the earlier Shelby Dakota option. This engine produced 170 hp (127 kW). Both of the V-configuration engines were updated to Magnum specs the next year, providing a tremendous power boost.

In 1996, the first generation's final year, the K-based 2.5 L I4 engine was out of production and had been considered vastly underpowered compared to the competition, so Dodge borrowed the Jeep 2.5 L I4 (rated at 120 hp) and installed it as the base engine in the Dakota. It was the only major change for 1996, and would be carried over as the base engine in the new, larger 1997 model.

Engines:

  • 1987-1988 - 2.2 L K I4, SOHC, 96 hp (72 kW)
  • 1987-1991 - 3.9 L LA V6, 125 hp (93 kW)
  • 1989-1995 - 2.5 L K I4, 99 hp (74 kW)
  • 1991 - 5.2 L LA V8, 170 hp (127 kW)
  • 1992-1993 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 180 hp (134 kW)
  • 1991-1993 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 230 hp (172 kW)
  • 1994-1996 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 175 hp (131 kW)
  • 1994-1996 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 220 hp (164 kW)
  • 1996 - 2.5 L AMC I4, 120 hp (90 kW)

1997

The second-generation Dakota was built from 1997 through 2004. It inherited the semi truck look of the larger Ram but remained largely the same underneath. 1998 saw the introduction of the R/T model with the big 5.9 L 250 hp (186 kW) Magnum V8.

Four-door "Quad-Cab" models were added for 2000 with a slightly shorter bed, 63.1 in (160.2 cm), but riding on the Club Cab's 130.9 in (332.5 cm) wheelbase. The smaller V8 was replaced by a new high-tech V8 as well.

2002 was the final year for the four-cylinder engine in the Dakota, as Chrysler was ending production of the former AMC design. Most buyers ordered the V6 or V8 engines, which were considerably more powerful and, in the case of the V6, which was made standard for 2003, nearly as fuel-efficient with a manual transmission.

2004 was the end of the old OHV V6 and the big R/T V8.

Engines:

  • 1997-2002 - 2.5 L AMC I4, 120 hp (90 kW)
  • 1997-2003 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 175 hp (131 kW)
  • 1997-1999 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 230 hp (172 kW)
  • 1998-2003 - 5.9 L Magnum V8, 250 hp (186 kW)
  • 2000-2004 - 4.7 L PowerTech V8, 230 hp (175 kW)
  • 2004 - 3.7 L PowerTech V6, 210 hp (157 kW)

2005

The redesigned 2005 Dakota shares its platform with the new Dodge Durango SUV. This model is 3.7 in longer and 2.7 in wider, and features a new front and rear suspension, and rack-and-pinion steering. There are one V6 and two V8 engines available: The standard engine is a 3.7 L PowerTech V6 (specs below). Two 4.7 L V8 engines are available as well. The Dakota is built at Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan.

Engines:
  • 2005 - 3.7 L PowerTech V6, 210 hp (157 kW) at 5200 rpm and 235 ft·lbf (319 N·m) at 4000 rpm
  • 2005 - 4.7 L PowerTech V8, 230 hp (172 kW) at 4400 rpm and 290 ft·lbf (393 N·m) at 3600 rpm
  • 2005 - 4.7 L HO PowerTech V8, 260 hp (194 kW) at 5200 rpm and 310 ft·lbf (420 N·m) at 5200 rpm

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The Dakota is built at Warren Truck Assembly in Warren, Michigan.
. Two 4.7 L V8 engines are available as well. Look for another complete redesign for 2007, along with the introduction of a new gas 6.4L twin-trubo V8 Powerstroke Diesel engine, manufactured by International/Navistar. There are one V6 and two V8 engines available: The standard engine is a 3.7 L PowerTech V6 (specs below). The Powerstroke Diesel was also modified, boosting torque from 560ft/lb to 570ft/lb, but horsepower stayed at 325. This model is 3.7 in longer and 2.7 in wider, and features a new front and rear suspension, and rack-and-pinion steering. The engines were also upgraded, with the new 3 valve 5.4L V8 and 6.8L V10 putting out 300 and 362 horsepower, respectively.

The redesigned 2005 Dakota shares its platform with the new Dodge Durango SUV. These included a new grille, new interior, and factory installed trailer brake controller and uplitter switches. Engines:. For 2005 the "Super Duty" model was redesigned. 2004 was the end of the old OHV V6 and the big R/T V8. The F-150 will have a new Harley-Davidson trim line in 2006 with an available all-wheel drive, while the Super Duty will have an available Amarillo package or the Chrome Package for the Lariat. Most buyers ordered the V6 or V8 engines, which were considerably more powerful and, in the case of the V6, which was made standard for 2003, nearly as fuel-efficient with a manual transmission. Additionally, over 912,000 F-150s were sold in 2004, giving it a single-year sales record.

2002 was the final year for the four-cylinder engine in the Dakota, as Chrysler was ending production of the former AMC design. It also beat the three-time winning Chevrolet Silverado for Car and Driver magazine's Best Pickup Truck for 2004 and 2005. The smaller V8 was replaced by a new high-tech V8 as well. The new F-150 won the North American Truck of the Year award and was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 2004. Four-door "Quad-Cab" models were added for 2000 with a slightly shorter bed, 63.1 in (160.2 cm), but riding on the Club Cab's 130.9 in (332.5 cm) wheelbase. The previous F-150 was continued in production until the summer of 2004 as the Heritage model. 1998 saw the introduction of the R/T model with the big 5.9 L 250 hp (186 kW) Magnum V8. Work-oriented versions with an available 4.2 L Triton V6 and manual transmission will debut for 2005.

It inherited the semi truck look of the larger Ram but remained largely the same underneath. Initially, only Ford's 4.6 L Triton and new 3-valve 5.4 L 3V Triton V8 engines and automatic transmissions were offered on the new luxurious trucks. The second-generation Dakota was built from 1997 through 2004. In 2004, Ford redesigned the F-Series using the new P2 platform. Engines:. Engines:. It was the only major change for 1996, and would be carried over as the base engine in the new, larger 1997 model. 1997 also marked introduction of Ford's modular Single Overhead cam (SOHC) engines into F-150.

In 1996, the first generation's final year, the K-based 2.5 L I4 engine was out of production and had been considered vastly underpowered compared to the competition, so Dodge borrowed the Jeep 2.5 L I4 (rated at 120 hp) and installed it as the base engine in the Dakota. The F-150 was Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year for 1997. Both of the V-configuration engines were updated to Magnum specs the next year, providing a tremendous power boost. Ford's sales dropped, however, for the final years of this generation as the redesigned Dodge trucks were released. This engine produced 170 hp (127 kW). Sales of the F-150 surged in the tenth generation to 750,000 to over 900,000 in 2001 as the General Motors and Dodge products lagged. For 1991, the front of the Dakota received a more aerodynamic grille and hood, and Dodge added the 5.2 L V8 as an option, inspired by the earlier Shelby Dakota option. The super-duty F-250 and F-350 were retained on the old chassis until 1999.

This model allowed the Dakota to boast capacity for six passengers, although the rear seat was best suited for children and shorter adults. In 2001 the SuperCrew cab was introduced. An extended "Club Cab" model was added for 1990, still with two doors. A new Lightning was introduced in 1999, and Harley-Davidson and King Ranch versions were also created. Another important addition that year was Carroll Shelby's V8-powered Shelby Dakota, his first rear wheel drive vehicle in two decades. A wide variety of body options were available: regular cab and SuperCab, standard or flareside boxes, and short and long beds. Just 2,482 were sold that first year. With the arrival of the Super Duty, this F-250 "light duty" was offered as the "7700" package for the F-150 (noted on the tailgate emblem).

The first convertible pickup since the Ford Model T, it featured a fixed roll bar and complicated manual top. The "Super Duty" F series did not yet exist, so an F-250 was offered which was an F-150 with heavier duty axles and suspension, along with odd 7 lug wheels. 1989 saw the unusual Dakota convertible. Ford took the aero styling to its conclusion for 1997 with an extremely round nose on the new F-series. Fuel injection was added to the 3.9 L V6 for 1988 but the output remained the same. Engines:. Both 6.5 ft (2 m) and 8 ft (2.4 m) beds were offered. 500,000 F-Series trucks were sold in 1992, but this rose to nearly 800,000 by 1996, and the Ford had overtaken the combined Chevrolet and GMC pickup sales for the first time in a decade.

Four wheel drive was available only with the V6. Ford trailed rival General Motors trucks for much of the ninth generation, though sales steadily rose each year. Straight-4 and V6 engines were offered along with either a 5-speed manual or 4-speed automatic transmission. Following the lead of the Explorer, an Eddie Bauer trim line was added for 1995. The first generation of the Dakota was produced from 1987 through 1996. A CD player option was new for 1994, as was a driver's-side airbag and "CHMSL" third brake light. . The Lightning appeared in 1993.

One notable feature was the Dakota's rack and pinion steering, a first in work trucks. The 1992 truck was much more rounded and aerodynamic-looking, and the flareside returned until 1996. The Dakota has also long been the only midsize pickup with an optional V8 engine. Engines:. It is a conventional design with body-on-frame construction and leaf spring/live axle rear end. The 5.0 L truck also had an optional "Touch Drive" electronic transfer case. The Dakota has always been sized above the compact (Ford Ranger, Chevrolet S-10) and below the full-sized (Ford F-150, Chevrolet Silverado) pickups and Dodge's own Ram. Four wheel drive improvements included the addition of automatic locking hubs for the F-150 in 1989, and for the rest in 1991.

The Dakota was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award for 2000. 1988 also saw the replacement of the 6.9L diesel with a 7.3L International Harvester IDI diesel. It was introduced in 1987 alongside the redesigned Dodge Ram 50. For 1987 the 4.9L had standard fuel injection; for 1988, the 5.8L and 7.5L also gained fuel injection, with 1988 being the first year no carbureted engines were offered. The Dakota is a midsize pickup truck from DaimlerChrysler's Dodge brand. The manual transmission was revised with five speeds in 1988, and the flareside box was dropped. 2005 - 4.7 L HO PowerTech V8, 260 hp (194 kW) at 5200 rpm and 310 ft·lbf (420 N·m) at 5200 rpm. Rear antilock brakes were now standard, the first truck to boast this.

2005 - 4.7 L PowerTech V8, 230 hp (172 kW) at 4400 rpm and 290 ft·lbf (393 N·m) at 3600 rpm. The design was more streamlined, and maintenance items were made simpler. 2005 - 3.7 L PowerTech V6, 210 hp (157 kW) at 5200 rpm and 235 ft·lbf (319 N·m) at 4000 rpm. The 1987 refresh was evolutionary. 2004 - 3.7 L PowerTech V6, 210 hp (157 kW). Engines:. 2000-2004 - 4.7 L PowerTech V8, 230 hp (175 kW). In 1986 this became the only 5.0L offered.

1998-2003 - 5.9 L Magnum V8, 250 hp (186 kW). In 1985 fuel injection became optional in the 5.0L. 1997-1999 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 230 hp (172 kW). The base model was renamed to the now-familiar F-150 for 1984. 1997-2003 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 175 hp (131 kW). The big-block V8 was dropped for 1980, but added again in 1983 along with a Diesel option. 1997-2002 - 2.5 L AMC I4, 120 hp (90 kW). Trim options were now XL, XLT, and XLT Lariat.

1996 - 2.5 L AMC I4, 120 hp (90 kW). The Ranger trim line was dropped in 1982, since that name was to be applied to the new Ford Ranger compact pickup. 1994-1996 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 220 hp (164 kW). The new truck had a squarer look, with sharp lines and flat panels. 1994-1996 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 175 hp (131 kW). The next major redesign came in 1980. 1991-1993 - 5.2 L Magnum V8, 230 hp (172 kW). Engines:.

1992-1993 - 3.9 L Magnum V6, 180 hp (134 kW). That same year, the F-series became the best-selling vehicle in America, a position it has continued to hold since. 1991 - 5.2 L LA V8, 170 hp (127 kW). A luxury Lariat trim was introduced for 1978. 1989-1995 - 2.5 L K I4, 99 hp (74 kW). Other changes included the introduction of the Twin I-Beam suspension, a name that is still used, and the 1974 introduction of the extended super cab version. 1987-1991 - 3.9 L LA V6, 125 hp (93 kW). The truck was redesigned in 1973 with an automatic transmission option.

1987-1988 - 2.2 L K I4, SOHC, 96 hp (72 kW). Engines:. The fifth generation F-series is also locally produced in Brazil. The top trim for 1970 was named Ranger XLT. A 4-door crew cab version was introduced in 1969, still a popular option.

The front leaf springs were replaced by coil springs in F-100s in 1968 along with a powertrain refresh. Another refresh came in 1967 along with a now-familiar name: the upscale Ranger trim line. Engines:. Power was over 200 hp with the 1965 refresh of the powertrain.

The truck was completely redesigned for 1961 with a wider look, and styleside trucks got an integrated cab and box. Engines:. Four wheel drive, now a common feature, was a new addition to the truck in 1959. In the back, the traditional separate-fender body was now called flareside, while a new smooth-sided look was styleside.

The truck was restyled again in 1957 with the hood now merging with the fenders. Engines:. Interior amenities were new, including a dome light, lighter, arm rests, and sun visors. The pickups also acquired their familiar names: F-100, F-250, and the heavy-duty F-350.

The F-series was redesigned for 1953 with a more integrated look. Engines:. The F-series was available as three models:. It was a modern-looking truck with a one-piece windshield and integrated headlights.

The first F-series truck from Ford was introduced in 1948, replacing the company's previous car-based pickup line. . Analysts estimate that the F-Series alone makes up half of the Ford Motor Company's profits in recent years. It has been the best-selling vehicle in the world for 23 years and the best-selling truck in the United States (and possibly the world) for 28 years.

The most popular variant of the F-Series is the F-150. The F-Series is a series of full-size pickup trucks from Ford Motor Company sold for over 5 decades. URL accessed on November 8, 2004.. Edmunds.com.

A Ford F-Series History. 1999-2003 - 7.3 L Power Stroke turbo-Diesel V8, 235 hp/500 ft.lbf (Super Duty). 1999-2003 - 6.8 L Triton V10, 275 hp/410 ft.lbf (Super Duty). 1999-2004 - 5.4 L supercharged Triton V8, 340 hp (02-03 Harley-Davidson).

2001-2004 - 5.4 L supercharged Triton V8, 380 hp (01-04 Lightning). 1999-2000 - 5.4 L supercharged Triton V8, 360 hp (99-00 Lightning). 1999-2003 - 5.4 L Triton V8, 260 hp/350 ft.lbf. 1997-1998 - 5.4 L Triton V8, 235 hp/330 ft.lbf.

1999-2003 - 4.6 L Triton V8, 231 hp/293 ft.lbf. 1997-1998 - 4.6 L Triton V8, 220 hp/280 ft.lbf. 1997-2003 - 4.2 L Essex V6, 202 hp/252 ft.lbf. 1995-1996 - 7.3 L Power Stroke turbo-Diesel V8, 210 hp/425 ft.lbf.

1993-1995 - 5.8 L Windsor V8, FI, 240 hp Lightning. 1992-1996 - 5.8 L Windsor V8, FI, 210 hp. 1992-1996 - 5.0 L Windsor V8, FI, 185 hp. 1992-1996 - 7.3 L Turbo IDI Diesel V8, 190 hp/395 ft.lbf.

1992-1996 - 7.3 L IDI Diesel V8, 185 hp/360 ft.lbf. 1992-1996 - 7.5 L 385 V8, FI, 240 hp. 1992-1996 - 4.9 L straight-6, FI, 150 hp. 1988-1991 - Windsor 5.8 L V8, FI, 210 hp.

1987-1991 - Windsor 5.0 L V8, FI, 185 hp. 1988-1991 - 7.3 L International Harvester IDI Diesel V8, 180 hp. 1988-1991 - 385 7.5 L V8, FI, 230 hp. 1987 - 7.5 L 385 V8, 245 hp (183 kW).

1987 - 6.9 L Diesel V8, 170 hp (127 kW). 1987 - Windsor 5.8 L V8. 1987-1991 - 4.9 L straight-6, FI, 150 hp (112 kW). 1983-1986 - 6.9 L Diesel V8, 170 hp (127 kW).

1983-1986 - 7.5 L 385 V8, 245 hp (183 kW). 1980-1982 - 400 in³ (6.6 L) Cleveland V8. 1983-1986 - Windsor 5.8 L V8. 1980-1982 - 351 in³ (5.8 L) Cleveland V8.

1985-1986 - Windsor 5.0 L V8, FI, 185 hp. 1980-1985 - 302 in³ (4.9 L) Windsor V8. 1980-1986 - 300 in³ (4.9 L) straight-6. 1978-1979 - 300 in³ (4.9 L) straight-6, 114 hp (85 kW).

1977-1979 - 400 in³ (6.6 L) Cleveland V8, 169 hp (126 kW). 1977-1979 - 351 in³ (5.8 L) Cleveland V8, 163 hp (122 kW). 1973-1979 - 460 in³ (7.5 L) 385 V8. 1973-1977 - 302 in³ (4.9 L) Windsor V8.

1973-1977 - 390 in³ (6.4 L) FE V8. 1973-1976 - 360 in³ (5.9 L) FE V8. 1973-1977 - 352 in³ (5.8 L) FE V8. 1973-1977 - 300 in³ (4.9 L) straight-6.

1973-1977 - 240 in³ (3.9 L) straight-6. 1970-1972 - 302 in³ (4.9 L) Windsor V8, 220 hp (164 kW). 1968-1972 - 390 in³ (6.4 L) FE V8. 1968-1972 - 360 in³ (5.9 L) FE V8.

1967 - 352 in³ (5.8 L) FE V8. 1967-1972 - 300 in³ (4.9 L) straight-6. 1967-1972 - 240 in³ (3.9 L) straight-6. 1965-1966 - 352 in³ (5.8 L) FE V8, 208 hp (155 kW).

1965-1966 - 300 in³ (4.9 L) straight-6, 170 hp (127 kW). 1965-1966 - 240 in³ (3.9 L) straight-6, 150 hp (112 kW). 1961-1964 - 292 in³ (4.8 L) Y-block V8, 186 hp (139 kW). 1961-1964 - 223 in³ (3.7 L) straight-6, 137 hp (102 kW).

1959-1960 - 292 in³ (4.8 L) Y-block V8, 186 hp (139 kW). 1958 - 272 in³ (4.5 L) Y-block V8, 173 hp (129 kW). 1958-1960 - 223 in³ (3.7 L) straight-6, 137 hp(102 kW). 1956 - 272 in³ (4.5 L) Y-block V8, 173 hp (129 kW).

1956 - 223 in³ (3.7 L) "Mileage Maker" straight-6, 137 hp (102 kW). 1954-1955 - 239 in³ (3.9 L) Y-block "Power King" V8, 130 hp (97 kW). 1954-1955 - 223 in³ (3.7 L) "Mileage Maker" straight-6, 115 hp (86 kW). 1953 - 215 in³ (3.5 L) straight-six, 101 hp (75.3 kW).

1953 - 239 in³ (3.9 L) Flathead V8, 100 hp (74.6 kW). 1951-1952 - 215 in³ (3.5 L) straight-six, 101 hp (75.3 kW). 1948-1952 - 239 in³ (3.9 L) Flathead V8, 100 hp (74.6 kW). 1948-1950 - 226 in³ (3.7 L) straight-six, 95 hp (71 kW).

F-3 - Heavy Duty. F-2 - three-quarter-ton. F-1 - half-ton.

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