Dita Von TeeseOn the cover of Playboy, December 2002. Cover of a book by Midori, featuring Dita Von Teese in bondage.
Dita Von Teese (born Heather Sweet on September 28, 1972 in Rochester, Michigan) is a popular American burlesque artist.
Von Teese is fond of wearing elaborate lingerie such as corsets and stockings, and, in her words, "puts the tease back into striptease" with long, complex dance shows complete with props and characters.
She was featured in Playboy magazine in 1999, 2001 and 2002.
She is also a leading fetish model and has been compared to Bettie Page. She also acts, in such movies as Romancing Sara, Matter of Trust, in which she is billed as Heather Sweet, and also in two films by Andrew Blake: Pin Ups 2 and Decadence.
Appearances in Playboy Special Editions
On December 3, 2005, von Teese was married to American musician Marilyn Manson in a non-denominational ceremony at Curteen Castle in Kilsheelan (County Tipperary), Ireland, the home of Gottfried Helnwein. The wedding was officiated by surrealist film director and comic book writer Alejandro Jodorowsky. They reportedly exchanged vows in front of approximately 60 guests, including Lisa Marie Presley, and she wore a royal purple silk taffeta gown by Vivienne Westwood plus a tri-corned hat and matching corset. The two have been a couple since 2000.
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The two have been a couple since 2000. William Norman Grigg noted the seven-branch candle holder, the "Kinara," was not used in African traditions, and suggested a symbol of Judaism was borrowed to match the seven principles of Kwanzaa.. They reportedly exchanged vows in front of approximately 60 guests, including Lisa Marie Presley, and she wore a royal purple silk taffeta gown by Vivienne Westwood plus a tri-corned hat and matching corset. In contrast, the African American Cultural Center considers Kwanzaa not a religious holiday, but a cultural one which does not require people to compromise their religious beliefs.. The wedding was officiated by surrealist film director and comic book writer Alejandro Jodorowsky. Some are concerned that Christians who choose to celebrate Kwanzaa are diluting their love for Christ. On December 3, 2005, von Teese was married to American musician Marilyn Manson in a non-denominational ceremony at Curteen Castle in Kilsheelan (County Tipperary), Ireland, the home of Gottfried Helnwein. Bennetta believes that Kwanzaa is ill-designed as a holiday representing African-Americans, noting that the Swahili language used in Kwanzaa is spoken in eastern Africa, while most African-Americans are descended from the people of West Africa, over 2700 miles away..
. William J. She also acts, in such movies as Romancing Sara, Matter of Trust, in which she is billed as Heather Sweet, and also in two films by Andrew Blake: Pin Ups 2 and Decadence. Black civil rights activist Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson wrote, "the whole holiday is made up! You won’t find its roots in Africa or anywhere else.". She is also a leading fetish model and has been compared to Bettie Page. 2). She was featured in Playboy magazine in 1999, 2001 and 2002. Others refuse to celebrate Kwanzaa because it is not a true African tradition." (Jackson, p.
Von Teese is fond of wearing elaborate lingerie such as corsets and stockings, and, in her words, "puts the tease back into striptease" with long, complex dance shows complete with props and characters. In the book Kwanzaa (2005), author Sara McGill states, "there are many people of African descent who do not know the purpose of Kwanzaa or how to celebrate it. Dita Von Teese (born Heather Sweet on September 28, 1972 in Rochester, Michigan) is a popular American burlesque artist. Some criticize Kwanzaa because it is not a traditional holiday of African people, and because of its recent provenance, having been invented in 1966. ISBN 0060591676. The origins of Kwanzaa are not secret, and are openly acknowledged by those promoting the holiday.. Dita Von Teese, Burlesque and the Art of the Teese, Regan Books, 2006. There has been criticism of Kwanzaa's authenticity and relevance, and of the motiviations of its founder, Karenga.
Playboy's Sexy 100 February 2003. Karenga's most recent interpretation emphasizes that while every people have their various holiday traditions, all people can share in the celebration of our common humanity: "Any particular message that is good for a particular people, if it is human in its content and ethical in its grounding, speaks not just to that people, it speaks to the world.". 84 March 2002. In fact, it offers a clear and self-conscious option, opportunity and chance to make a proactive choice, a self-affirming and positive choice as distinct from a reactive one.". Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. And it is not an alternative to people's religion or faith but a common ground of African culture...Kwanzaa is not a reaction or substitute for anything. 78 March 2001. Currently, according to the Official Kwanzaa Website authored by Karenga and maintained by Organization US, which Karenga chairs, "Kwanzaa was not created to give people an alternative to their own religion or religious holiday.
Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. In 1997, Karenga changed his position, stating that while Kwanzaa is an African-American holiday, it can be celebrated by people of any race: "other people can and do celebrate it, just like other people participate in Cinco de Mayo besides Mexicans; Chinese New Year besides Chinese; Native American pow wows besides Native Americans.". 75 September 2000. In 1977, in Kwanzaa: origin, concepts, practice, Karenga stated, that Kwanzaa "was chosen to give a Black alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society.". Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. Bush's 2004 Presidential Message: Kwanzaa 2004, like in several previous messages, he said that during Kwanzaa, "millions of African Americans and people of African descent gather to celebrate their heritage and ancestry.". 74 July 2000 (pages 68-69). In President George W.
Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. In a 2003 interview Karenga asserted that 28 million people celebrate Kwanzaa. 72 March 2000. According to a marketing survey conducted by the National Retail Foundation in 2004, Kwanzaa is celebrated by 1.6% of all Americans, or about 4.7 million. Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. It is unclear how many people celebrate the holiday. 70 November 1999. To them, Kwanzaa is an opportunity to incorporate elements of their particular ethnic heritage into holiday observances and celebrations of Christmas.
Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. Frequently, both Christmas trees and kinaras, the traditional candle holder symbolic of African-American roots, share space in kwanzaa celebrating households. Playboy's Girlfriends September 1999 (pages 76-81). Today, many African-American families celebrate Kwanzaa along with Christmas and New Year's. 69 September 1999. They felt that doing so would violate the principle of kujichagulia (self-determination) and thus violate the integrity of the holiday, which is partially intended as a reclamation of important African values. Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. At first, observers of Kwanzaa eschewed the mixing of the holiday or its symbols, values and practice with other holidays.
67 May 1999 - Mizuno (pages 28-29). The greeting for each day of Kwanzaa is "Habari Gani", Swahili words for "What's the News?" . Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. A model Kwanzaa ceremony is described as a ceremony which includes drumming and musical selections, libations, a reading of the "African Pledge" and the Principles of Blackness, reflection on the Pan-African colors, a discussion of the African principle of the day or a chapter in African history, a candle-lighting ritual, artistic performance, and, finally, a feast. 66 March 1999. Libations are shared, generally with a common chalice, "Kikombe cha Umoja" passed around to all celebrants. Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. It is customary to include children in Kwanzaa ceremonies and to give respect and gratitude to ancestors.
64 November 1998 (pages 84-85). Families celebrating Kwanzaa decorate their households with objects of art, colorful African cloth, especially the wearing of the Uwole by women, and fresh fruits that represent African idealism. Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. These principles correspond to Karenga's notion that "the seven-fold path of blackness is think black, talk black, act black, create black, buy black, vote black, and live black." . Playboy's Body Language October 1998. Each of the seven days of Kwanzaa is dedicated to one of the following principles, which are explained by Karenga as follows:. 62 July 1998 (Mizuno, pages 14-15). Kwanzaa celebrates what its founder called "The Seven Principles of Kwanzaa", or Nguzo Saba (originally Nguzu Saba), which Karenga claimed "is a communitarian African philosophy" consisting of Karenga's distillation of what he deemed "the best of African thought and practice in constant exchange with the world." These seven principles comprise Kawaida, a Swahili term for tradition and reason that Karenga used to refer to his synthesized system of belief.
Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. According to Karenga's 1977 Kwanzaa: Origin, Concepts, Practice, the holiday was developed "to give a Black alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and history rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society." In 1967, a year after Karenga proposed this new holiday, he publicly espoused the view that "Jesus was psychotic" and that Christianity was a white religion that blacks should shun. However, as Kwanzaa gained mainstream adherents, Karenga altered his position so as not to alienate practicing Christians, then claiming in the 1997 Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community, and Culture, "Kwanzaa was not created to give people an alternative to their own religion or religious holiday." . Playboy's Real Sex February 1998. It is a celebration that has its roots in the civil rights era of the 1960s, and was established as a means to help African Americans reconnect with what Karenga characterized as their African cultural and historical heritage by uniting in meditation and study around principles that have their putative origins in what Karenga asserts are "African traditions" and "common humanist principles.". 58 November 1997 (Mizuno, pages 8-9). Kwanzaa is also sometimes spelled "kwaanza". Playboy's Book of Lingerie Vol. At the time there were seven children in Karenga's United Slaves Organization, each wanted to represent one of the letters in Kwanzaa Also, the name was meant to have a letter for each of what Karenga called the "Seven Principles of Blackness".
Playboy's Lingerie Model Search February 1997. An additional "a" was added to "Kwanza" so that the word would have seven letters. The choice of Swahili, an East African language, reflects its status as a symbol of Pan-Africanism, especially in the 1960's, though most African-Americans have West African ancestry. The name Kwanzaa derives from the Swahili phrase "matunda ya kwanza", meaning "first fruits". Karenga, a political activist, created Kwanzaa in California in 1966, during his leadership of the black nationalist United Slaves Organization (also known as the "US Organization").
. Karenga calls Kwanzaa the African American branch of "first fruits" celebrations of classical African cultures. It was founded by black nationalist Ron "Maulana" Karenga, and first celebrated from December 26, 1966, to January 1, 1967. Kwanzaa consists of seven days of celebration, featuring activities such as candle-lighting and pouring of libations, and culminating in a feast and gift-giving.
Kwanzaa (or Kwaanza) is a week-long secular holiday honoring African-American heritage, observed from December 26 to January 1 each year, almost exclusively by African-Americans in the United States of America. Hannity & Colmes (FOX News), 12/06/2005. Is Kwanzaa a Racist Holiday? By: Sean Hannity; Alan Colmes. Hannity & Colmes (FOX News), 12/22/2004.
Should African-Americans Celebrate Kwanzaa? By: Mike Gallagher; Alan Colmes. Tolerance in the News: Kwanzaa: A threat to Christmas? By Camille Jackson | Staff Writer, Tolerance.org, 12/22/2005. Tavis Smiley (NPR), 12/26/2003. Interview: Kwanzaa creator Maulana Karenga discusses the evolution of the holiday and its meaning in 2004 By: TONY COX.
Rituals of race, ceremonies of culture: Kwanzaa and the making of a Black Power holiday in the United States,1966--2000, Keith Alexander Mayes, PhD, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, 2002. Brown, PhD, CORNELL UNIVERSITY, 1999. The US Organization: African-American cultural nationalism in the era of Black Power, 1965 to the 1970s, Scot D. A program to raise the faith level in African-American children through Scripture, Kwanzaa principles and culture, Janette Elizabeth Chandler Kotey, DMin, ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY,1999.
URL accessed on December 20, 1999.. New American. ^ The True Spirit of Kwanzaa, Norman Grigg. ^ Official Kwanza Website FAQ, op.cit.
cit. ^ Peterson, op. URL accessed on September, 2000.. The Textbook League.
^ The Kwanzaa Hoax, William Benetta. URL accessed on December 29, 2004.. FrontPage Magazine.com. ^ Kwanzaa -- Racist Holiday from Hell, Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson.
URL accessed on 2005-12-30.. ^ The Official Kwanzaa Website - Founders Message. URL accessed on 2005-12-29.. ^ The Official Kwanzaa Website FAQ.
URL accessed on 2005-12-29.. ^ The Official Kwanzaa Website. URL accessed on 2005-12-29.. 110, cited at Believersweb.org.
^ Kwanzaa: A Celebration of Family, Community and Culture, p. URL accessed on 2005-12-29.. 21, cited at Believersweb.org. ^ Kwanzaa: origin, concepts, practice, p.
^ "2004 Holiday Spending by Region", 'Survey by BIGresearch, conducted for National Retail Foundation', 14 October 2004. ^ Kwanzaa Greeting. ^ A Model Kwanzaa Ceremony. ^ The story of Kwanzaa.
^  The Quotable Karenga, p.25, University of Sankore Press, 1967. ^ Believers web. Imani (Faith) To believe with all our heart in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. Kuumba (Creativity) To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it.
Nia (Purpose) To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness. Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics) To build and maintain our own stores, shops and other businesses and to profit from them together. Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility) To build and maintain our community together and make our brother's and sister's problems our problems and to solve them together. Kujichagulia (Self-Determination) To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves and speak for ourselves.
Umoja (Unity) To strive for and maintain unity in the family, community, nation and race.