College football(Redirected from College Football) A college football game between Colorado State University and the Air Force Academy.
College football was the venue through which American football first gained popularity in the United States. College football remains extremely popular today among students, alumni, and other fans of the sport.
HistoryA college football game between Texas Tech University and the U.S. Naval Academy.
The first game played between teams representing different colleges or universities was played on November 6, 1869 between Rutgers University and Princeton University, at College Field (now the site of the College Avenue Gymnasium), New Brunswick, New Jersey. Rutgers won, by a score of 6 to 4. As the score would seemingly indicate, the game bore little resemblance to the game of today. The rules of that game were the 1863 rules of the English Football Association, the basis of the modern form of soccer.
The development of the American game can be traced to a meeting between the Harvard University and McGill University football teams in 1874. The two teams were used to playing different brands of football — the McGill team played a rugby-style game, while Harvard played a soccer-style game. The teams agreed to play under compromise rules, and from this meeting the game of football began to evolve in both the United States and Canada.
The game increased in popularity through the remainder of the 19th century. It also became increasingly violent. President Theodore Roosevelt threatened, in 1906, to ban the sport following a series of player deaths from injuries suffered during games. The response to this was the formation of what became the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which set rules governing the sport. One of the rules changes to emerge from this attempt at alleviating the violence of the sport was the introduction of the forward pass. Another was the banning of "mass momentum" plays (many of which, like the infamous "flying wedge", were sometimes literally deadly).
Prior to the founding of the National Football League, and for a few decades thereafter, college football was the predominant venue for American football. Innovations in strategy and style of play originated in college football and spread to the pro game gradually. It was not until the post-World War II era that the pro game achieved ascendancy in the eyes of the average American sports fan.
The season schedule
Division 1A college football begins two to three weeks earlier than the NFL, towards the end of August. Until 2003, the regular season was officially ushered in by the Kickoff Classic, held in recent years in New Jersey (although other pre-season games such as the Eddie Robinson Classic and the Pigskin Classic have also been played), but recent NCAA policy changes have eliminated some of these games, and so the season now largely starts out with regular games. The regular season then continues through early December (generally ending with the annual Army-Navy Game).
The college post-season is ushered in by the annual presentation of the Heisman Trophy Award, considered the most prestigious award in all of college football, given to the top player of the year as determined by a panel consisting of media voters and former winners of the award. This is then followed by a series of bowl games that showcase (usually) the top college team in a particular conference, as well as the consensus "national champion", which is determined not by a true playoff, but by a controversial confederation of voters, broadcast networks, bowls and conferences known as the Bowl Championship Series. A series of all-star bowl games round out the season for the balance of January, including the East-West Shrine Game, the Senior Bowl (for many decades the official final game of the season), the Hula Bowl, and the Gridiron Classic (in recent years, the Hula and Gridiron have alternated as the final game of the season).
In spring 2005, the NCAA ruled that teams could schedule 12 regular-season games beginning in the 2006 season. This decision was met with some criticism, as some teams, such as Alabama and Auburn, who traditionally have a bye week on Thanksgiving weekend, will have to play eight games consecutively some seasons.
NCAA divisions and conferences
NCAA Division I-A
NCAA Division I-AA
NCAA Division II
NCAA Division III
Conferences that formerly sponsored football
Division I colleges that no longer play football
Last season played in parentheses
College football bowl games for 2004-2005
Please see NCAA football bowl games, 2004-05
College football bowl games played for 2004-2005
In spring 2005, the NCAA ruled that teams could schedule 12 regular-season games beginning in the
The regular season then continues through early December (generally ending with the annual Army-Navy Game). Also along with Ortiz, Ramirez hit back-to-back home runs six times, tying the major league single season set by Hank Greenberg and Rudy York (Detroit Tigers) and Frank Thomas and Magglio Ordóñez (Chicago White Sox). Until 2003, the regular season was officially ushered in by the Kickoff Classic, held in recent years in New Jersey (although other pre-season games such as the Eddie Robinson Classic and the Pigskin Classic have also been played), but recent NCAA policy changes have eliminated some of these games, and so the season now largely starts out with regular games. In addition, Ramírez and David Ortiz became the first pair of American League teammates to hit 40 home runs, have 100 RBI, and bat .300 since the Yankees Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in 1931, and the first Red Sox duo with 40 homers since Tony Armas and Jim Rice (1984). Division 1A college football begins two to three weeks earlier than the NFL, towards the end of August. He led the American League in home runs (43), slugging average (.613) and OPS (1.009); finished 3rd in RBI (130), 6th in on base percentage (.397), 8th in base on balls (82), 10th in runs (108), and posted a .308 batting average. It was not until the post-World War II era that the pro game achieved ascendancy in the eyes of the average American sports fan. Coupled with impressive play on the field, this absolved Ramírez in the eyes of many Boston fans and sportswriters.
Innovations in strategy and style of play originated in college football and spread to the pro game gradually. He displayed a good attitude and an enthusiasm for playing, two qualities his critics had charged that he lacked. Prior to the founding of the National Football League, and for a few decades thereafter, college football was the predominant venue for American football. In 2004, nevertheless, Ramírez silenced his critics. Another was the banning of "mass momentum" plays (many of which, like the infamous "flying wedge", were sometimes literally deadly). All 29 other teams passed, due to the length and costs of his contract. One of the rules changes to emerge from this attempt at alleviating the violence of the sport was the introduction of the forward pass. After the season, the Red Sox put him on irrevocable waivers, meaning he was had but for the asking.
The response to this was the formation of what became the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which set rules governing the sport. Some Red Sox fans criticized the outfielder, saying he should have played despite the ailment. When it was learned that he had been seen in a hotel lobby with close friend, Yankees infielder Enrique Wilson, the controversy grew, causing Boston manager Grady Little to bench Ramírez for one game. President Theodore Roosevelt threatened, in 1906, to ban the sport following a series of player deaths from injuries suffered during games. In the summer of 2003, Ramírez found himself as the latest victim of the Boston Sports Media's thirst for blood when he missed several games with pharyngitis. It also became increasingly violent. He is aggressive playing balls off the Green Monster and holding runners to singles. The game increased in popularity through the remainder of the 19th century. Ramirez is an adept left fielder in Fenway Park, as he's learned to play all the corners and angles.
The teams agreed to play under compromise rules, and from this meeting the game of football began to evolve in both the United States and Canada. He still has trouble at times with footwork, his range is limited, but his arm is fairly strong, he has soft hands, and his hard work improves every aspect of his game. The two teams were used to playing different brands of football — the McGill team played a rugby-style game, while Harvard played a soccer-style game. As a fielder, he's not going for any Gold Glove Awards. The development of the American game can be traced to a meeting between the Harvard University and McGill University football teams in 1874. He has good power that way and seems content to go with the pitch, but he is not afraid to take the occasional free walk. The rules of that game were the 1863 rules of the English Football Association, the basis of the modern form of soccer. He does most of his hitting from center field to the right field line.
As the score would seemingly indicate, the game bore little resemblance to the game of today. He combines power, contact and patience at the plate, against left-handed pitchers and righties equally well, but he still doesn't pull the ball very often for a power hitter. Rutgers won, by a score of 6 to 4. Arguably, Ramírez is the best all-around righthanded hitter in the American League. The first game played between teams representing different colleges or universities was played on November 6, 1869 between Rutgers University and Princeton University, at College Field (now the site of the College Avenue Gymnasium), New Brunswick, New Jersey. He has totaled 390 home runs and 1270 RBI in 1535 games. College football remains extremely popular today among students, alumni, and other fans of the sport. Through the 2004 season, Ramírez is a career .316 hitter, with a .397 on base percentage and a .613 slugging average.
College football was the venue through which American football first gained popularity in the United States. Though originally from the Dominican Republic, he grew up in the Washington Heights section of New York City a short walk away from Yankee Stadium. NCAA football bowl games, 2004-05. He bats and throws right-handed. Bowl Championship Series. Previously, Ramírez played with the Cleveland Indians (1993-2000). Doak Walker Award. Manny Ramírez [rah-MEE-rez], born Manuel Arístides Ramírez (May 30, 1972 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic), is an outfielder in Major League Baseball who plays for the Boston Red Sox (since 2001).
Johnny Unitas Golden Arm Award. He was featured on the cover of the Electronic Arts Sports electronic game MVP Baseball 2005  (http://www.easports.com/games/mvp2005/home.jsp). Jim Thorpe Award. Ramírez appealed to fans by joining the 2004 Red Sox tradition of growing a unique hairstyle, maintaining a solid set of dreadlocks throughout the season. Mosi Tatupu Award. His 165 RBI total in 1999 was the highest by any player since Jimmie Foxx in 1938; and made him the first player to have more RBI's than games played in a season since Ted Williams in 1949. Dave Rimington Trophy. He made the All-Star team four times, and hit 127 homers and 432 RBI in 415 games over last three seasons.
Walter Payton Award. 1993-2000: Ramírez collected 236 home runs and 804 RBI in 967 games, including a career-high 45 home runs in 1998, and a team-record career-high 165 RBI in 1999, when he hit .333 with 44 homers and 131 runs (also a career-high). Outland Trophy. 129 intentional walks - 12th and 56th. Davey O'Brien Award. 1.010 OPS - 3rd and 9th. Bronko Nagurski Trophy. 785 extra base hits - 18th and 89th.
Maxwell Award. .599 slugging average - 3rd and 8th. Manning Award. .411 on base percentage - 9th and 35th. Lombardi Award. 1270 RBI - 12th and 98th. Harlon Hill Trophy. 390 home runs - 12th and 43rd.
Heisman Trophy. .316 batting average - 4th and 69th. Lou Groza Award. Career rankings among active players and on the All-Time lists
Dick Butkus Award. 5-time Top 10 AL in RBI (1995, 1998, 2000-01, 2004). Buck Buchanan Award. 6-time Top 10 AL in home runs (1998-2003). Fred Biletnikoff Award. 7-time Top 10 AL MVP (1998-2004). Chuck Bednarik Award. 8-time Top 10 AL in total bases (1996-99, 2001-04).
College Football All-America Teams: originally selected by Walter Camp. Twice led AL in intentional walks (2001, 2003). Shrine Bowl - Little Rock, Arkansas (1948). Twice led AL in on base percentage (2002-03). Seattle Bowl - Seattle, Washington (2001 -2002). 3-time led AL in OPS (1999-2000, 2004). San Diego East-West Christmas Classic - San Diego, California (1921 - 1922). 3-time led AL in slugging percentage (1999-2000, 2004).
Salad Bowl - Phoenix, Arizona (1948 - 1952). Led AL in RBI (1999). Raisin Bowl - Fresno, California (1946 - 1949). Led AL in home runs (2004). Presidential Cup Bowl - College Park, Maryland (1950). Won American League batting crown (2002, .349). Pasadena Bowl - Pasadena, California (1967 - 1971). 5-time Silver Slugger Award (1995, 1999-2002).
Oil Bowl - Houston, Texas (1946 - 1947). Hank Aaron Award (1999). Oahu Classic - Honolulu, Hawaii (1998 - 2000). World Series MVP Award (2004). Mercy Bowl - Los Angeles, California (1961; 1971). 8-time All-Star (1995, 1998-2004). Los Angeles Christmas Festival - Los Angeles, California (1924).
Harbor Bowl - San Diego, California (1947 - 1949). Great Lakes Bowl - Cleveland, Ohio (1947). Gotham Bowl - New York, New York (1961 - 1962). Garden State Bowl - East Rutherford, New Jersey (1978 - 1981).
Freedom Bowl - Anaheim, California (1984 - 1994). Fort Worth Classic - Fort Worth, Texas (1921). Dixie Classic - Dallas, Texas (1922, 1925, 1934). Dixie Bowl - Birmingham, Alabama (1948 - 1949).
Delta Bowl - Memphis, Tennessee (1948 - 1949). Cherry Bowl - Pontiac, Michigan (1984 - 1985). Camellia Bowl - Lafayette, Louisiana (1948). California Bowl - Fresno, California (1981 - 1991).
Bluegrass Bowl - Louisville, Kentucky (1958). Bluebonnet Bowl - Houston, Texas (1959 - 1987). Bacardi Bowl - Havana, Cuba (1937). Aviation Bowl - Dayton, Ohio (1961).
Aloha Classic - Honolulu, Hawaii (1982 – 2000). All-American Bowl - Birmingham, Alabama (1977 - 1990) (formerly Hall of Fame Classic). Sun Bowl - El Paso, Texas, (since 1936) (originally Sun Bowl, later John Hancock Bowl). Sugar Bowl - New Orleans, Louisiana, (since 1935).
Silicon Valley Football Classic - San Jose, California, (since 2000). Senior Bowl - Jacksonville, Florida (1950), Mobile, Alabama (since 1951). Rose Bowl - Pasadena, California, (1902, continuously since 1916). Peach Bowl - Atlanta, Georgia, (since 1968).
Outback Bowl - Tampa, Florida, (since 1986) (was Hall of Fame Bowl). Orange Bowl - Miami, Florida, (since 1946). New Orleans Bowl - New Orleans, Louisiana, (since 2001). Music City Bowl - Nashville, Tennessee, (since 1998).
MPC Computers Bowl - Boise, Idaho, (since 1997) (was Humanitarian Bowl). Motor City Bowl - Detroit, Michigan, (since 1997). Liberty Bowl - Memphis, Tennessee, (since 1959). Las Vegas Bowl - Las Vegas, Nevada, (since 1992).
Insight Bowl - Phoenix, Arizona, (since 1989) (was Copper Bowl). Independence Bowl - Shreveport, Louisiana, (since 1976). Hula Bowl - Hawaii (different cities since 1946). Holiday Bowl - San Diego, California, (since 1978).
Houston Bowl- Houston, Texas, (since 2000). Hawaii Bowl- Honolulu, Hawaii, (since 2002). GMAC Bowl - Mobile, Alabama, (since 1999). Gator Bowl - Jacksonville, Florida, (since 1946).
Fort Worth Bowl - Fort Worth, Texas, (since 2003). Fiesta Bowl - Tempe, Arizona, (since 1971). Emerald Bowl - San Francisco, California, (since 2002) (was San Francisco Bowl). East-West Shrine Game - Stanford, California (1925-2000), San Francisco, California (since 2001).
Cotton Bowl - Dallas, Texas, (since 1937). Continental Tire Bowl - Charlotte, North Carolina, (since 2002). Champs Sports Bowl - Orlando, Florida, (since 1990). Capital One Bowl - Orlando, Florida, (since 1947) (was Tangerine Bowl and Florida Citrus Bowl).
Blue-Gray Football Classic - Montgomery, Alabama (1938-2001), Troy, Alabama (since 2003). Alamo Bowl - San Antonio, Texas, (since 1993). Xavier University (Cincinnati) (1973). University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (1974).
Wichita State University (1986). University of Vermont (1974). University of Texas at Arlington (1985). Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi (1966).
Stetson University (1956). Siena College (2003). Seton Hall University (1981). Santa Clara University (1992).
University of San Francisco (1971). Mary's College of California (2003). St. Saint Louis University (1949).
Joseph's University (1939). St. John's University, New York (2002). St.
Francis College (New York) (1935). St. Bonaventure University (1951). St.
Rider University (1951). Providence College (1941). University of Portland (1949). Pepperdine University (1961).
University of the Pacific (1995). The school has never sponsored football since becoming an independent institution in 1962. At that time, Old Dominion was a two-year division of The College of William and Mary. Old Dominion University (1941)
Niagara University (1950). Mount Saint Mary's University (1950). Mercer University (unknown). University of Maryland Eastern Shore (1979).
Marquette University (1960). Manhattan College (1942). 1930). Loyola University Chicago (c.
Loyola Marymount University (1951). Loyola College in Maryland (1933). Long Island University (1940). Lamar University (1989).
University of Illinois, Chicago (1973). High Point University (1950). Gonzaga University (1941). George Washington University (1966).
Fairfield University (2002). University of Evansville (1997). East Tennessee State University (2003). Drexel University (1973).
University of Detroit Mercy (1964). 1938). DePaul University (c. University of Denver (1960).
Creighton University (1942). College of Charleston (1938). Centenary College of Louisiana (1947). Canisius College (2002).
1953). Campbell University (c. California State University, Northridge (2001). California State University, Long Beach (1991).
California State University, Fullerton (1992). University of California, Santa Barbara (1991). University of California, Riverside (1975). Bradley University (1970).
Boston University (1997). Birmingham-Southern College (c. 1941). American University (unknown). Yankee Conference.
Wisconsin State University Conference. Southwest Conference. Skyline Conference. Pacific Coast Athletic Association.
Nebraska-Iowa Athletic Conference. Nebraska Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Missouri Valley Conference. Indiana Collegiate Athletic Conference.
Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Big West Conference. Big Eight Conference. Big Seven Conference.
Big Six Conference. NAIA independent schools. Upper Midwest Athletic Conference. Mid-States Football Association.
Mid-South Conference. Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference. Heart of America Athletic Conference. Great Plains Athletic Conference.
Frontier Conference. Dakota Athletic Conference. Central States Football League. NCAA Division III independent schools.
Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. USA South Athletic Conference. Upstate Collegiate Athletic Association. University Athletic Association.
Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference. Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Presidents' Athletic Conference. Old Dominion Athletic Conference.
Ohio Athletic Conference. Northwest Athletic Conference. North Coast Athletic Conference. New Jersey Athletic Conference.
New England Small College Athletic Conference. New England Football Conference. Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Midwest Conference.
Middle Atlantic Corporation. Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Illini-Badger Football Conference.
Heartland Collegiate Athletic Conference. Freedom Football Conference. Centennial Conference. College Conference of Illinois and Wisconsin.
Atlantic Central Football Conference. American Southwest Conference. NCAA Division II independent schools. West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. South Atlantic Conference. Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference. Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference.
Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference. North Central Conference. Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Lone Star Conference.
Gulf South Conference. Great Northwest Athletic Conference. Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Eastern Conference.
Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association. NCAA Division I-AA Independent Schools. Southwestern Athletic Conference. Southland Conference.
Southern Conference. Pioneer Football League. Patriot League. Ohio Valley Conference.
Northeast Conference. Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference. Ivy League.
Great West Football Conference. Gateway Football Conference. Big South Conference. Big Sky Conference.
Atlantic Ten Conference. NCAA Division I-A Independent Schools. Western Athletic Conference. Sun Belt Conference.
Southeastern Conference. Pacific Ten Conference. Mountain West Conference. Mid-American Conference.
Conference USA. Big Twelve Conference. Big Ten Conference. Big East Conference.
Atlantic Coast Conference. NAIA national football championship. NCAA Division III national football championship. NCAA Division II national football championship.
NCAA Division I-AA national football championship. NCAA Division I-A national football champions.