Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh with the Spirit of St. Louis.

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974) was a pioneering United States aviator famous for piloting the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.

Early life

Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Swedish immigrants. He grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota. His father, Charles August Lindbergh, was a lawyer and later a U.S. congressman who opposed the entry of the U.S. into World War I; his mother was a chemistry teacher. Early on he showed an interest in machines. In 1922 he quit a mechanical engineering program, joined a pilot and mechanist training with Nebraska Aircraft, bought his own airplane, a Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny", and became a stunt pilot. In 1924, he started training as a U.S. military aviator with the United States Army Air Corps. After finishing first in his class, he worked as a civilian airmail pilot on the line St. Louis in the 1920s.

In April 1923, while visiting friends in Lake Village, Arkansas, Lindbergh made his first ever night-time flight over Lake Village and Lake Chicot.

First solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean

The Spirit of St. Louis on display at the Smithsonian.

Lindbergh gained sudden great international fame as the first pilot to fly solo and non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean, flying from Roosevelt Airfield (Nassau County, Long Island), New York to Paris on May 20-May 21, 1927 in his single-engine airplane The Spirit of St. Louis which had been designed by Donald Hall and custom built by Ryan Airlines of San Diego, California. He needed 33.5 hours for the trip. (His grandson Erik Lindbergh repeated this trip 75 years later in 2002.) Although Lindbergh was the first to fly from New York to Paris nonstop, he was not the first to make a Transatlantic flight. That had been done first in stages by the crew of the NC-4 in May 1919, with the first non-stop flight made by Alcock and Brown in June 1919.

Lindbergh's accomplishment won him the Orteig Prize of $25,000 on offer since 1919. A ticker-tape parade was held for him down 5th Avenue in New York City on June 13, 1927.[1] His public stature following this flight was such that he became an important voice on behalf of aviation activities until his death. He served on a variety of national and international boards and committees, including the central committee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in the United States. On March 21, 1929 he was presented the Medal of Honor for his historic trans-Atlantic flight.

Lindbergh is recognized in aviation for demonstrating and charting polar air-routes, high altitude flying techniques, and increasing aircraft flying range by decreasing fuel consumption. These innovations are the basis of modern intercontinental air travel.


Marriage, children, kidnapping

He married the author Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1929. He taught her how to fly and did much of the exploring and charting of air-routes together with her. The two had six children: Charles Augustus, Jr.(born 1930), Jon (1932), Land (1937), Anne (1940), Scott (1942) and Reeve (1945).

Main article: Lindbergh kidnapping

Their son Charles Augustus, 20 months old, was abducted on March 1, 1932 from their home. The boy was found dead on May 12 in Hopewell, New Jersey just a few miles from the Lindbergh's home, after a nation-wide ten week search and ransom negotiations with the kidnappers. More than three years later, a media circus ensued when the man accused of the murder, Bruno Hauptmann, went on trial. Tired of being in the spotlight and still mourning the loss of their son, the Lindberghs moved to Europe in December 1935. Hauptmann, who maintained his innocence until the end, was found guilty and was executed on April 3, 1936.

World War II

In Europe during the rise of fascism, Lindbergh traveled to Germany several times at the behest of the U.S. military, where he reported on German aviation and the Luftwaffe (air force). Lindbergh was intrigued, and stated that Germany had taken a leading part in a number of aviation developments, including metal construction, low-wing designs, dirigibles, and Diesel engines. Lindbergh also undertook a survey of aviation in the Soviet Union in 1938.

In 1938 the American ambassador to Germany, Hugh Wilson invited Lindbergh to a dinner with Hermann Göring at the American embassy in Berlin to improve American-German relations. The dinner included diplomats and three of the greatest minds of German aviation, Ernst Heinkel, Adolf Baeumaker, and Dr. Willy Messerschmitt. Göring decorated Lindbergh with German medal of honor (the Verdienstkreuz Deutcher Adler) for his services to aviation and particularly for his 1927 flight. Lindbergh's decoration later caused an outcry in the United States. Lindbergh declined to return the medal to the Germans because he claimed that to do so would be "an unnecessary insult" to the Nazi leadership. The Lindberghs lived in England and Brittany, France during the late 1930's in order to find tranquility and avoid the celebrity that followed them everywhere in the United States after the kidnapping trial. He would return to the United States as war broke out in Europe.

As Nazi Germany began World War II, Lindbergh became a prominent speaker in favor of isolationism, going so far as to recommended that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Germany during his January 23, 1941 testimony before Congress. Lindbergh was also the major spokesman for America First providing many speeches during 1940-1941. As American entry into the war began to seem inevitable, Lindbergh stated he would publicly name "the groups that were most powerful and effective in pushing the United States towards involvement in the war". At an America First rally in Des Moines, Iowa, on September 11, 1941, he made a speech titled: "Who Are the War Agitators?". In it, he pointed out that Americans had solidly opposed entering the war when it began, and that three groups had been "pressing this country toward war" -- the Roosevelt Administration, the British, and the Jews. In the same speech, Lindbergh clearly communicated that he considered Jewish-Americans to not be patriotic when he said; "But I am saying that the leaders of both the British and Jewish races, for reasons which are understandable from their viewpoint as they are inadvisable from ours, for reasons which are not American, wish to involve us in the war. We cannot blame them for looking out for what they believe to be their own interests, but we also must look out for ours. We cannot allow the natural passions and prejudices of other people to lead our country to destruction." Lindbergh resigned his commission in the U.S. Army Air Corps when President Franklin D. Roosevelt openly questioned his loyalty.

However, after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, he attempted to return to the Army Air Corps, but was denied when several of Roosevelt's cabinet secretaries registered objections. He went on to assist with the war effort by serving as a civilian consultant to aviation companies and the government, as well as flying about 50 combat missions (again as a civilian) in 1944 in the Pacific. His contributions include engine-leaning techniques that Lindbergh showed P-38 Lightning pilots. This improved fuel usage in cruise, and enabled aircraft to fly longer range missions such as the one that killed Admiral Yamamoto. He also showed Marine F4U pilots how to take off with twice the bomb load that the aircraft was rated for.

Later life

After World War II he lived quietly in Connecticut as a consultant both to the chief of staff of the U.S. Air Force and to Pan American World Airways. His 1953 book The Spirit of St. Louis, recounting his non-stop transatlantic flight, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1954. Dwight D. Eisenhower restored his assignment with the Army Air Corps and making him Brigadier General in 1954. In the 1960s, he became a spokesman for the conservation of the natural world, speaking in favor of the protection of whales, against super-sonic transport planes and was instrumental in establishing protections for the primitive Filipino group the Tasaday.

In 1927, Lindbergh was named the inaugural Time Man of the Year for his solo transatlatic flight.

From 1957 until his death in 1974, Lindbergh had an affair with a woman 24 years his junior, the German hat maker Brigitte Hesshaimer. They had three children together: Dyrk (born 1958), Astrid (born 1960), and David (born 1967). The two managed to keep the affair completely secret; even the children did not know the true identity of their father, whom they met sporadically when he came to visit. Astrid later read a magazine article about Lindbergh and found snapshots and more than a hundred letters written from him to her mother. She disclosed the affair in 2003, two years after both Brigitte Hesshaimer and Anne Morrow Lindbergh had died. DNA tests have confirmed the truth of these assertions.

Many believe that the tragic kidnapping and death of his son Charles Augustus psychologically influenced him to foster these children in secret so as to compensate for his terrible loss. Lindbergh spent his final years on the Hawaiian island of Maui, where he died of cancer on August 26, 1974. He was buried on the grounds of the Palapala Ho'omau Church. His epitaph, which quotes Psalms 139:9, reads: Charles A. Lindbergh Born: Michigan, 1902. Died: Maui, 1974. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea. — CAL

Close image of Charles Lindberg tombstone Overall image of Charles Lindberg grave

The Lindbergh Terminal at Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport was named after him and a replica of The Spirit of St. Louis hangs there. He also lent his name to San Diego's Lindbergh Field, which is also known now as San Diego International Airport.

Lindbergh in fiction

A fictional version of Lindbergh is a major character in Philip Roth's 2004 counterfactual alternative history novel, The Plot Against America; this portrayal engendered some controversy.

The Agatha Christie book and movie Murder on the Orient Express begin with a fictionalized depiction of the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.

James Stewart played Lindbergh in the biographical The Spirit of St. Louis, directed by Billy Wilder. The film begins with events leading up to the flight before giving a gripping and intense view of the flight itself.

Shortly after Lindbergh made his famous flight, the Stratemeyer Syndicate began publishing the Ted Scott Flying Stories by Franklin W. Dixon wherein the hero was closely modeled after Lindbergh.


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Dixon wherein the hero was closely modeled after Lindbergh. Buchanan appointed the following Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States:. Shortly after Lindbergh made his famous flight, the Stratemeyer Syndicate began publishing the Ted Scott Flying Stories by Franklin W.
. The film begins with events leading up to the flight before giving a gripping and intense view of the flight itself. "Wheatland" should not be confused with the Wheatland musical organization. Louis, directed by Billy Wilder. He was interred in Woodward Hill Cemetery, in Lancaster.

James Stewart played Lindbergh in the biographical The Spirit of St. Buchanan retired to his home "Wheatland," near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he died June 1, 1868, at the age of 77. The Agatha Christie book and movie Murder on the Orient Express begin with a fictionalized depiction of the Lindbergh baby kidnapping. Before he left office, seven slave states seceded, several seizing other federal forts and property within their boundaries. A fictional version of Lindbergh is a major character in Philip Roth's 2004 counterfactual alternative history novel, The Plot Against America; this portrayal engendered some controversy. As such, the first shots of the American Civil War were fired during the Buchanan Administration. He also lent his name to San Diego's Lindbergh Field, which is also known now as San Diego International Airport. As a result of the operation, Thompson resigned from the cabinet.

Louis hangs there. Receiving no assistance from Fort Sumter, it turned back to New York after suffering minor damage. The Lindbergh Terminal at Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport was named after him and a replica of The Spirit of St. The unarmed ship was caught in a crossfire. — CAL. In the early morning of January 9, 1861, South Carolina's batteries opened on the Star of the West. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea. Wigfall, still a United States senator from Texas, as well as from Buchanan's Secretary of the Interior, Jacob Thompson of Mississippi.

Died: Maui, 1974. Newspapers published stories that the ship was headed for Charleston, and South Carolina officials received confirmation from Louis T. Lindbergh Born: Michigan, 1902. However, the attempt to maintain secrecy failed. His epitaph, which quotes Psalms 139:9, reads: Charles A. As several Cabinet members resigned, he appointed Northerners, and chartered the civilian steamer Star of the West to secretly carry reinforcements and supplies to Fort Sumter. He was buried on the grounds of the Palapala Ho'omau Church. Then Buchanan took a more militant tack.

Lindbergh spent his final years on the Hawaiian island of Maui, where he died of cancer on August 26, 1974. He hoped for compromise, but secessionist leaders did not want it. Many believe that the tragic kidnapping and death of his son Charles Augustus psychologically influenced him to foster these children in secret so as to compensate for his terrible loss. President Buchanan, dismayed and hesitant, denied the legal right of states to secede but held that the Federal Government legally could not prevent them. DNA tests have confirmed the truth of these assertions. Rather than accept a Republican administration, the southern "Fire-Eaters" advocated secession. She disclosed the affair in 2003, two years after both Brigitte Hesshaimer and Anne Morrow Lindbergh had died. Consequently, when the Republicans nominated Abraham Lincoln, it was a foregone conclusion that he would be elected even though his name appeared on no southern ballot.

Astrid later read a magazine article about Lindbergh and found snapshots and more than a hundred letters written from him to her mother. Breckinridge, whom Buchanan refused to support. The two managed to keep the affair completely secret; even the children did not know the true identity of their father, whom they met sporadically when he came to visit. The southern wing walked out of the convention and nominated its own candidate for the presidency, incumbent vice-president John C. They had three children together: Dyrk (born 1958), Astrid (born 1960), and David (born 1967). Sectional strife rose to such a pitch in 1860 that the Democratic Party split. From 1957 until his death in 1974, Lindbergh had an affair with a woman 24 years his junior, the German hat maker Brigitte Hesshaimer. Bitter hostility between Northern and Southern members prevailed on the floor of Congress, where memories of the caning of Charles Sumner in 1856 by a Southern Democrat still burned.

In the 1960s, he became a spokesman for the conservation of the natural world, speaking in favor of the protection of whales, against super-sonic transport planes and was instrumental in establishing protections for the primitive Filipino group the Tasaday. The Federal Government reached a stalemate. Eisenhower restored his assignment with the Army Air Corps and making him Brigadier General in 1954. When Republicans won a plurality in the House in 1858, every significant bill they passed fell before southern votes in the Senate or a Presidential veto. Dwight D. Buchanan's administration, at the behest of Treasury Secretary Howell Cobb, began issuing deficit financing for the government, a move which flew in the face of two decades of Democratic support for hard-money policies and allowed Republicans to attack Buchanan for financial mismanagement. Louis, recounting his non-stop transatlantic flight, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1954. The government suddenly faced a shortfall of revenue, due in part to the Democrats' successful push to lower the tariff.

His 1953 book The Spirit of St. Economic troubles also plagued Buchanan's administration with the outbreak of the Panic of 1857. Air Force and to Pan American World Airways. Buchanan, meanwhile, was by now tremendously unpopular in the North. After World War II he lived quietly in Connecticut as a consultant both to the chief of staff of the U.S. Eventually, Congress voted to call a new vote on the Lecompton Constitution, a move which infuriated Southerners. He also showed Marine F4U pilots how to take off with twice the bomb load that the aircraft was rated for. Douglas.

This improved fuel usage in cruise, and enabled aircraft to fly longer range missions such as the one that killed Admiral Yamamoto. Even though the voters in Kansas had rejected the Lecompton Constitution, Buchanan managed to ram his bill through the House, but it was blocked in the Senate by Northerners led by Stephen A. His contributions include engine-leaning techniques that Lindbergh showed P-38 Lightning pilots. The Lecompton government was wildly unpopular to Northerners, as it was dominated by slaveholders who had enacted laws curtailing the rights of non-slaveholders. He went on to assist with the war effort by serving as a civilian consultant to aviation companies and the government, as well as flying about 50 combat missions (again as a civilian) in 1944 in the Pacific. Buchanan threw the full prestige of his administration behind congressional approval of the Lecompton Constitution in Kansas, which would have admitted Kansas as a slave state, going so far as to offer patronage appointments and even cash bribes in exchange for votes. However, after the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, he attempted to return to the Army Air Corps, but was denied when several of Roosevelt's cabinet secretaries registered objections. Buchanan, however, faced further hardship on the territorial question.

Roosevelt openly questioned his loyalty. To further this, Buchanan personally lobbied his fellow Pennsylvanian Justice Robert Cooper Grier to vote with the majority in that case to uphold the right of slave property. Army Air Corps when President Franklin D. Buchanan wished to see the territorial question resolved by the Supreme Court. We cannot allow the natural passions and prejudices of other people to lead our country to destruction." Lindbergh resigned his commission in the U.S. Buchanan was widely believed to have been personally involved in the outcome of the case, with many Northerners recalling Taney whispering to Buchanan during Buchanan's inauguration. We cannot blame them for looking out for what they believe to be their own interests, but we also must look out for ours. Much of Taney’s written judgment is widely interpreted as dicta — statements made by a judge that are unnecessary to the outcome of the case, which in this case, while they delighted Southerners, created a furor in the North.

In the same speech, Lindbergh clearly communicated that he considered Jewish-Americans to not be patriotic when he said; "But I am saying that the leaders of both the British and Jewish races, for reasons which are understandable from their viewpoint as they are inadvisable from ours, for reasons which are not American, wish to involve us in the war. Taney delivered the Dred Scott Decision, asserting that Congress had no constitutional power to exclude slavery in the territories. In it, he pointed out that Americans had solidly opposed entering the war when it began, and that three groups had been "pressing this country toward war" -- the Roosevelt Administration, the British, and the Jews. Two days later Chief Justice Roger B. At an America First rally in Des Moines, Iowa, on September 11, 1941, he made a speech titled: "Who Are the War Agitators?". In his inaugural address, besides promising not to run again, Buchanan referred to the territorial question as "happily, a matter of but little practical importance" since the Supreme Court was about to settle it "speedily and finally.". As American entry into the war began to seem inevitable, Lindbergh stated he would publicly name "the groups that were most powerful and effective in pushing the United States towards involvement in the war". The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery in the territories, and two justices hinted to Buchanan what the decision would be.

Lindbergh was also the major spokesman for America First providing many speeches during 1940-1941. In regard to the growing schism in the country, as President-elect he intended to sit out the crisis by maintaining a sectional balance in his appointments and persuading the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it. As Nazi Germany began World War II, Lindbergh became a prominent speaker in favor of isolationism, going so far as to recommended that the United States negotiate a neutrality pact with Germany during his January 23, 1941 testimony before Congress. Buchanan was elected as a Democratic President of the United States in 1856 and served from March 4, 1857 to March 4, 1861. He would return to the United States as war broke out in Europe. The difficulty in determining if someone was a homosexual, especially in the mid-1800s, means Buchanan's sexual orientation remains uncertain. The Lindberghs lived in England and Brittany, France during the late 1930's in order to find tranquility and avoid the celebrity that followed them everywhere in the United States after the kidnapping trial. Rumors and speculation circulated that the two had a homosexual relationship, with references to Buchanan's "wife" and "better half", even President Andrew Jackson referred to King as "Miss Nancy".

Lindbergh declined to return the medal to the Germans because he claimed that to do so would be "an unnecessary insult" to the Nazi leadership. He would live with Alabama senator William Rufus King for sixteen years in Washington, D.C., but King died four years before Buchanan became president. Lindbergh's decoration later caused an outcry in the United States. After his fiancee's death Buchanan vowed he would never marry. Göring decorated Lindbergh with German medal of honor (the Verdienstkreuz Deutcher Adler) for his services to aviation and particularly for his 1927 flight. However she abruptly broke off their engagement and died of mysterious causes several days later. Willy Messerschmitt. In 1819 Buchanan was engaged to Ann Caroline Coleman, the daughter of wealthy iron manufacturer.

The dinner included diplomats and three of the greatest minds of German aviation, Ernst Heinkel, Adolf Baeumaker, and Dr. He served as Minister to the United Kingdom from 1853 to 1856, during which time he help to draft the Ostend Manifesto which proposed the purchase of Cuba under the threat of force. In 1938 the American ambassador to Germany, Hugh Wilson invited Lindbergh to a dinner with Hermann Göring at the American embassy in Berlin to improve American-German relations. He served in this capacity until 1865. Lindbergh also undertook a survey of aviation in the Soviet Union in 1938. In 1853, Buchanan was named president of the Board of Trustees of Franklin and Marshall College in his hometown of Lancaster. Lindbergh was intrigued, and stated that Germany had taken a leading part in a number of aviation developments, including metal construction, low-wing designs, dirigibles, and Diesel engines. No Secretary of State has become President since James Buchanan.

military, where he reported on German aviation and the Luftwaffe (air force). Polk from 1845 to 1849, during which he negotiated the 1846 Oregon Treaty establishing the 49th parallel as the northern boundary in the western U.S. In Europe during the rise of fascism, Lindbergh traveled to Germany several times at the behest of the U.S. Buchanan served as Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President James K. Hauptmann, who maintained his innocence until the end, was found guilty and was executed on April 3, 1936. He was chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations (Twenty-fourth through Twenty-sixth Congresses). Tired of being in the spotlight and still mourning the loss of their son, the Lindberghs moved to Europe in December 1935. He served from December 6, 1834; was reelected in 1837 and 1843, and resigned on March 5, 1845, to accept a Cabinet portfolio.

More than three years later, a media circus ensued when the man accused of the murder, Bruno Hauptmann, went on trial. Buchanan was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Wilkins. The boy was found dead on May 12 in Hopewell, New Jersey just a few miles from the Lindbergh's home, after a nation-wide ten week search and ransom negotiations with the kidnappers. Buchanan served as Minister to Russia from 1832 to 1834. Their son Charles Augustus, 20 months old, was abducted on March 1, 1932 from their home. Peck, judge of the United States District Court for the District of Missouri. Main article: Lindbergh kidnapping. Buchanan served as one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1830 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against James H.

The two had six children: Charles Augustus, Jr.(born 1930), Jon (1932), Land (1937), Anne (1940), Scott (1942) and Reeve (1945). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1830. He taught her how to fly and did much of the exploring and charting of air-routes together with her. He was chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary (Twenty-first Congress). He married the author Anne Morrow Lindbergh in 1929. He was elected to the Seventeenth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1821 - March 3, 1831).
. He was a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from 1814 to 1815.

These innovations are the basis of modern intercontinental air travel. He was one of the first volunteers in the War of 1812 and served in the defense of Baltimore, Maryland. Lindbergh is recognized in aviation for demonstrating and charting polar air-routes, high altitude flying techniques, and increasing aircraft flying range by decreasing fuel consumption. The same year he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1812 and practiced in Lancaster. On March 21, 1929 he was presented the Medal of Honor for his historic trans-Atlantic flight. In 1809 he moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He served on a variety of national and international boards and committees, including the central committee of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in the United States. He moved to Mercersburg with his parents in 1799, was privately tutored and then attended the village academy and was graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

A ticker-tape parade was held for him down 5th Avenue in New York City on June 13, 1927.[1] His public stature following this flight was such that he became an important voice on behalf of aviation activities until his death. He was born in a log cabin at Cove Gap, near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pennsylvania, on April 23, 1791 to James Buchanan and Elizabeth Spear. Lindbergh's accomplishment won him the Orteig Prize of $25,000 on offer since 1919. Buchanan was a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania. That had been done first in stages by the crew of the NC-4 in May 1919, with the first non-stop flight made by Alcock and Brown in June 1919. . (His grandson Erik Lindbergh repeated this trip 75 years later in 2002.) Although Lindbergh was the first to fly from New York to Paris nonstop, he was not the first to make a Transatlantic flight. history.

He needed 33.5 hours for the trip. He has been criticized for failing to prevent the country from sliding into schism and the American Civil War and as a result, he is widely considered, together with his predecessor Franklin Pierce, to be one of the worst presidents in U.S. Louis which had been designed by Donald Hall and custom built by Ryan Airlines of San Diego, California. He was the only bachelor President, and the only resident of Pennsylvania to hold that office. Lindbergh gained sudden great international fame as the first pilot to fly solo and non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean, flying from Roosevelt Airfield (Nassau County, Long Island), New York to Paris on May 20-May 21, 1927 in his single-engine airplane The Spirit of St. James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th President of the United States (1857-1861). In April 1923, while visiting friends in Lake Village, Arkansas, Lindbergh made his first ever night-time flight over Lake Village and Lake Chicot. Paraguay expedition.

Louis in the 1920s. Origins of the American Civil War. After finishing first in his class, he worked as a civilian airmail pilot on the line St. presidential election, 1856. military aviator with the United States Army Air Corps. U.S. In 1924, he started training as a U.S. Kansas – January 29, 1861.

In 1922 he quit a mechanical engineering program, joined a pilot and mechanist training with Nebraska Aircraft, bought his own airplane, a Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny", and became a stunt pilot. Oregon – February 14, 1859. Early on he showed an interest in machines. Minnesota – May 11, 1858. into World War I; his mother was a chemistry teacher. Nathan Clifford - 1858. congressman who opposed the entry of the U.S.

His father, Charles August Lindbergh, was a lawyer and later a U.S. He grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota. Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan, the son of Swedish immigrants. .

Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974) was a pioneering United States aviator famous for piloting the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.

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