Chair

Look up chair in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Typical Western wooden chair

A chair is a piece of furniture for sitting, consisting of a seat, a back, and sometimes arm rests, commonly for use by one person. Chairs also often have legs to support the seat raised above the floor. Without back and arm rests it is called a stool. A chair for more than one person is a couch, sofa, settee, loveseat (two-seater without arm rest in between) or bench. A separate footrest for a chair is known as an ottoman, hassock or poof. A chair mounted in a vehicle or in a theatre is simply called a seat. Chairs as furniture are typically not attached to the floor and so can be moved.

The back often does not extend all the way to the seat to allow for ventilation. Likewise, the back and sometimes the seat are made of porous materials or have holes drilled in them for decoration and ventilation.

The back may extend above the height of the head. There may be separate headrests. Headrests for seats in vehicles are important for preventing whiplash injuries to the neck when the vehicle is involved in a rear-end collision.

See history of the chair for an extended look at chairs from antiquity to the modern day.

Design and ergonomics

This unusual rocking chair is made of rough wood to give it an old-fashioned look.

Chair design considers intended usage, ergonomics (how comfortable it is for the occupant), as well as non-ergonomic functional requirements such as size, stackability, foldability, weight, durability, stain resistance and artistic design. Intended usage determines the desired seating position. "Task chairs", or any chair intended for people to work at a desk or table, including dining chairs, can only recline very slightly; otherwise the occupant is too far away from the desk or table. Dental chairs are necessarily reclined. Easy chairs for watching television or movies are somewhere in between depending on the height of the screen.

Ergonomic designs distributes the weight of the occupant to various parts of the body. A seat that is higher results in dangling feet and increased pressure on the underside of the knees ("popliteal fold"). It may also result in no weight on the feet which means more weight elsewhere. A lower seat may shift too much weight to the "seat bones" ("ischial tuberosities").

A reclining seat and back will shift weight to the occupant's back. This may be more comfortable for some in reducing weight on the seat area, but may be problematic for others who have bad backs. In general, if the occupant is suppose to sit for a long time, weight needs to be taken off the seat area and thus "easy" chairs intended for long periods of sitting are generally at least slightly reclined. However, reclining may not be suitable for chairs intended for work or eating at table.

The back of the chair will support some of the weight of the occupant, reducing the weight on other parts of the body. In general, backrests come in three heights: Lower back backrests support only the lumbar region. Shoulder height backrests support the entire back and shoulders. Headrests support the head as well and are important in vehicles for preventing "whiplash" neck injuries in rear-end collisions where the head is jerked back suddenly. Reclining chairs typically have at least shoulder height backrests to shift weight to the shoulders instead of just the lower back.

Some chairs have foot rests. A stool or other simple chair may have a simple straight or curved bar near the bottom for the sitter to place his/her feet on.

A kneeling chair adds an additional body part, the knees, to support the weight of the body. A sit-stand chair distributes most of the weight of the occupant to the feet.

Many chairs are padded or have cushions. Padding can be on the seat of the chair only, on the seat and back, or also on any arm rests and/or foot rest the chair may have. Padding will not shift the weight to different parts of the body (unless the chair is so soft that the shape is altered). However, padding does distribute the weight by increasing the area of contact between the chair and the body. A hard wood chair feels hard because the contact point between the occupant and the chair is small. The same body weight over a smaller area means greater pressure on that area. Spreading the area reduces the pressure at any given point. In lieu of padding, flexible materials, such as wicker, may be used instead with similar effects of distributing the weight. Since most of the body weight is supported in the back of the seat, padding there should be firmer than the front of the seat which only has the weight of the legs to support. Chairs that have padding that is the same density front and back will feel soft in the back area and hard to the underside of the knees.

There may be cases where padding is not desirable. For example, in hot climates, padding with fabric or plastic covers is often uncomfortable against the skin. Where padding is not desirable, contouring may be used instead. A contoured seat pan attempts to distribute weight without padding. By matching the shape of the occupant's buttocks, weight is distributed and pressure at any given point is reduced.

Actual chair dimensions are determined by measurements of the human body or anthropometric measurements. Individuals may be measured for a custom chair. Anthropometric statistics may be gathered for mass produced chairs. The two most relevant anthropometric measurement for chair design is the popliteal height and buttock popliteal length.

For someone seated, the popliteal height is the distance from the underside of the foot to the underside of the thigh at the knees. It is sometimes called the "stool height". (The term "sitting height" is reserved for the height to the top of the head when seated.) For American men, the median popliteal height is 16.3 inches and for American women it is 15.0 inches[1]. The popliteal height, after adjusting for heels, clothing and other issues is used to determine the height of the chair seat. Mass produced chairs are typically 17 inches high.

For someone seated, the buttock popliteal length is the horizontal distance from the back most part of the buttocks to the back of the lower leg. This anthropometric measurement is used to determine the seat depth. Mass produced chairs are typically 38-43 cm deep.

Additional anthropometric measurements may be relevant to designing a chair. Hip breadth is used for chair width and armrest width. Elbow rest height is used to determine the height of the armrests. The buttock-knee length is used to determine "leg room" between rows of chairs. "Seat pitch" is the distance between rows of seats. In some airplanes and stadiums the seat pitch is so small that there is sometimes there is no leg room for the average person.

For adjustable chairs, the aforementioned principles are applied in adjusting the chair to the individual occupant.

Arm rests

Traditional Japanese chair with zabuton and separate armrest Bus shelter with seats with arm rests in between

A chair may or may not have armrests. If so, armrests will support part of the body weight through the arms if the arms are resting on the armrests. Armrests further have the function of making entry and exit from the chair easier (but from the side it becomes more difficult). Armrests should support the forearm and not the sensitive elbow area. Hence in some chair designs, the armrest is not continuous to the chair back, but is missing in the elbow area.

A couch, bench, or other arrangement of seats next to each other may have arm rest at the sides and/or arm rests in between. The latter may be provided for comfort, but also for privacy e.g. in public transport and other public places, and to prevent lying on the bench or coach. Arm rests prevent or complicate both desired and undesired proximity. A loveseat in particular, has no arm rest in between.

See also seats in movie theaters, and pictures of benches with and without arm rests.

Chair seats

A bench is long enough for several people to sit on

Chair seats vary widely in construction and may or may not match construction of the chair's back. Some systems include: Solid center seats where a solid material forms the chair seat.

  • Solid wood, may or may not be shaped to human contours.
  • Wood slats, often seen on outdoor chairs
  • Padded leather, generally a flat wood base covered in padding and contained in soft leather
  • Stuffed fabric, similar to padded leather
  • Metal seats of solid or open design
  • Molded plastic
  • Stone, often marble

Open center seats where a soft material is attached to the tops of chair legs or between stretchers to form the seat.

  • Wicker, woven to provide a surface with give to it
  • Leather, may be tooled with a design
  • Fabric, simple covering without support
  • Tape, wide fabric tape woven into seat, seen in lawn chairs and some old chairs
  • Caning, woven from rush, reed, rawhide, heavy paper, strong grasses, cattails to form the seat, often in elaborate patterns
  • Splint, ash, oak or hickory strips are woven
  • Metal, Metal mesh or wire woven to form seat

Standards and specifications

Design considerations for chairs have been codified into standards. ISO 9241-5:1988[2], "Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) -- Part 5: Workstation layout and postural requirements " is the most common one for modern chair design.

There are multiple specific standards for different types of chairs. Dental chairs are specified by ISO 6875. Bean bag chairs are specified by ANSI standard ASTM F1912-98[3]. ISO 7174 specifies stability of rocking and tilting chairs. ASTM F1858-98 specifies lawn chairs. ASTM E1822-02b defines the combustibility of chairs when they are stacked.

The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer's Association (BIFMA) defines BIFMA X5.1 for testing of commercial-grade chairs. It specifies things like[4]:

  • chair backstrength of 150 pounds (68 kg)
  • chair stability if weight is transferred completely to the front or back legs
  • leg strength of 75 pounds (34 kg) applied one inch (25 mm) from the bottom of the leg
  • seat strength of 225 pounds (102 kg) dropped from six inches (150 mm) above the seat
  • seat cycle strength of 100,000 repetitions of 125 pounds (57 kg) dropped from 2 inches (50 mm) above the seat

The specification further defines heavier "proof" loads that chairs must withstand. Under these higher loads, the chair may be damaged, but it must not fail catastrophically.

Large institutions that make bulk purchases will reference these standards within their own even more detailed criteria for purchase [5]. Governments will often issue standards for purchases by government agencies (e.g. Canada's Canadian General Standards Board CAN/CGSB 44.15M [6] on "Straight Stacking Chair, Steel").

Accessories

In place of a built-in footrest, some chairs come with a matching ottoman. An ottoman is a short stool to be used as a footrest but can sometimes be used as a stool. If matched to a glider, the ottoman may be mounted on swing arms so that the ottoman rocks back and forth with the main glider.

A chair cover is a temporary fabric cover for a side chair. They are typically rented for formal events such as wedding receptions to increase the attractiveness of the chairs and decor. The chair covers may come with decorative chair ties, a ribbon to be tied as a bow behind the chair. Covers for sofas and couches are also available for homes with small children and pets. In the second half of 20th century, some people used custom clear plastic covers for expensive sofas and chairs to protect them.

Chair pads are cushions for chairs. Some are decorative. In cars, they may be used to increase the height of the driver. Orthopedic backrests provide support for the back. Obus Forme is a major brand in this category and helped develop this market niche. Car seats sometimes have built-in and adjustable lumbar supports.

Chair mats are plastic mats meant to cover carpet. This allows chairs on wheels to roll easily over the carpet and it protects the carpet. They come in various shapes, some specifically sized to fit partially under a desk.

Remote control bags can be draped over the arm of easy chairs or sofas and used to hold remote controls. They are counter-weighted so as to not slide off the arms under the weight of the remote control.

English phrases relating to chairs

A movie or a story is said to keep you on the edge of your chair, if it is suspenseful and engaging.

If you nearly fell off your chair, it was because you were very surprised.

Activities that are likely to be made insignificant or undone by some future event are said to be like rearranging the deckchairs on the Titanic.

When English-speaking philosophers talk about the material world as opposed to ideas, their phrase is tables and chairs.


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When English-speaking philosophers talk about the material world as opposed to ideas, their phrase is tables and chairs. In 1996, Cher appeared on C-SPAN as part of a national AIDS awareness event. Activities that are likely to be made insignificant or undone by some future event are said to be like rearranging the deckchairs on the Titanic. Though she simply identified herself as an unnamed entertainer with USO, she was recognized by the C-SPAN host, who subsequently questioned her about her 1992 support for independent presidential candidate Ross Perot. If you nearly fell off your chair, it was because you were very surprised. Cher also remarked that she watches C-SPAN every day. A movie or a story is said to keep you on the edge of your chair, if it is suspenseful and engaging. She recounted a visit she had made to maimed soldiers at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center and criticized the deficiency of media coverage and government attention given to injured servicemen.

They are counter-weighted so as to not slide off the arms under the weight of the remote control. On October 27th, 2003, Cher anonymously called C-SPAN during a phone-in. Remote control bags can be draped over the arm of easy chairs or sofas and used to hold remote controls. On October 4th, 2005, the Bravo program Great Things About Being... declared Cher the #1 greatest thing about being gay. They come in various shapes, some specifically sized to fit partially under a desk. Cher guest-starred as herself twice on the sitcom, in 2001 and 2002. This allows chairs on wheels to roll easily over the carpet and it protects the carpet. [1] [2] The NBC sitcom Will & Grace has acknowledged her status by making her the idol of gay character Jack McFarland.

Chair mats are plastic mats meant to cover carpet. Cher has emerged as something of a gay icon in popular culture, a status assisted by her openly lesbian daughter Chastity Bono. Car seats sometimes have built-in and adjustable lumbar supports. [1]. Obus Forme is a major brand in this category and helped develop this market niche. But horror movies aside, her longevity is the inspiration for this quote, by gay impressionist Jimmy James "After a nuclear holocaust, all that will be left are cockroaches and Cher". Orthopedic backrests provide support for the back. The character "Pennywise" is the psychotic clown from Steven King's novel "It".

In cars, they may be used to increase the height of the driver. It has been announced that Cher will be playing "Mother Pennywise" in the 2007 horror film The House. Some are decorative. There were also unsubstantiated reports circulating around the internet that Cher would pose nude for a men’s magazine in honor of her 60th birthday. Chair pads are cushions for chairs. Cher, as of of early 2006, was reportedly working on a new album, supposedly a rock-oriented album that would be produced by John Kalodner, in the styles of Heart of Stone and Love Hurts from her Geffen recording period, and has since been signed to a new recording contract with Warner Brothers in the US. In the second half of 20th century, some people used custom clear plastic covers for expensive sofas and chairs to protect them. She said it would be her last major outing as a peformer.

Covers for sofas and couches are also available for homes with small children and pets. Since winding down her final grand-scale concert tour, the highly successful 325-date "Living Proof Farewell Tour" in April of 2005, Cher has mainly kept a low profile. The chair covers may come with decorative chair ties, a ribbon to be tied as a bow behind the chair. In February 2004, at 57, she received another Grammy Award nomination for Best Dance Recording for her song "Love One Another". They are typically rented for formal events such as wedding receptions to increase the attractiveness of the chairs and decor. The Great American Songbook Volume II, which reached the Top 20 on the Adult AC chart. A chair cover is a temporary fabric cover for a side chair. Also in 2003, Cher recorded a duet with Rod Stewart, "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered" for his album As Time Goes By..

If matched to a glider, the ottoman may be mounted on swing arms so that the ottoman rocks back and forth with the main glider. She released the album Live: The Farewell Tour later in 2003, a collection of live tracks taken from the tour, and could be seen playing as herself in the Farelly Brothers comedy Stuck on You (2003) with Matt Damon and Greg Kinnear. An ottoman is a short stool to be used as a footrest but can sometimes be used as a stool. In the fall of 2003, Cher won her first Emmy Award for Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special. In place of a built-in footrest, some chairs come with a matching ottoman. It was later nominated for 7 Emmy Awards. Canada's Canadian General Standards Board CAN/CGSB 44.15M [6] on "Straight Stacking Chair, Steel"). She found success on television once again in the spring of 2003 with Cher: The Farewell Tour Live From Miami.

Governments will often issue standards for purchases by government agencies (e.g. By July, it had been certified platinum, and later, double platinum. Large institutions that make bulk purchases will reference these standards within their own even more detailed criteria for purchase [5]. This album peaked at #4 on the Billboard album chart, and again extended her album chart span to over 38 years. Under these higher loads, the chair may be damaged, but it must not fail catastrophically. In April of 2003, she released The Very Best of Cher, a double CD collection of all of her greatest hits spanning her entire career. The specification further defines heavier "proof" loads that chairs must withstand. Also in 2002, she won the Dance/Club Play Artist of the Year and the special Artist Achievement Award at the Billboard Music Awards.

It specifies things like[4]:. Her performance there was 325 shows and nearly three years after the tour first began, and 40 years after Sonny and Cher had first performed there. The Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturer's Association (BIFMA) defines BIFMA X5.1 for testing of commercial-grade chairs. Cher finished big, performing two shows in April 2005 at the Hollywood Bowl. ASTM E1822-02b defines the combustibility of chairs when they are stacked. The tour became the most successful tour ever by a female artist, grossing over 250 million dollars, and playing to over 3 million people around the world, including the U.S., Mexico, Canada, Europe (16 countries), Australia, and New Zealand. ASTM F1858-98 specifies lawn chairs. Cher performed on New Year’s Eve in Las Vegas in both 2004 and 2005.

ISO 7174 specifies stability of rocking and tilting chairs. It was extended numerous times, continuing throughout all of 2003, all of 2004, and even into 2005. Bean bag chairs are specified by ANSI standard ASTM F1912-98[3]. Repeat performances were added in several major cities. Dental chairs are specified by ISO 6875. Cher and her dancers made complete costume changes for almost every song and performed hits spanning her entire career. There are multiple specific standards for different types of chairs. It featured vintage performance and video clips from the 60's onward, of each of her successes in music, television, and film, all set amongst an elaborate backdrop and stage set-up, comlete with backing band, singers and dancers.

ISO 9241-5:1988[2], "Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) -- Part 5: Workstation layout and postural requirements " is the most common one for modern chair design. The show itself was a tribute to her nearly 40 years in show business. Design considerations for chairs have been codified into standards. The tour kicked off in June of 2002 and faced overwhelmingly positive reviews right from the start. Open center seats where a soft material is attached to the tops of chair legs or between stretchers to form the seat. In June of 2002, at the age of 56, Cher announced plans for the "Living Proof Farewell Tour", which she claimed would be the final live tour of her career, though she vowed to continue recording and releasing music. Some systems include: Solid center seats where a solid material forms the chair seat. In May of 2002, Cher again performed on the HBO telvesion special Divas2002: Divas Las Vegas.

Chair seats vary widely in construction and may or may not match construction of the chair's back. The album was eventually certified gold. See also seats in movie theaters, and pictures of benches with and without arm rests. While not nearly as commercially successful as its predesessor, with no singles reaching the Top 40, Living Proof still included several re-mixed songs which found their way onto the Hot Dance, Maxi-Single Sales, Club Play and AC charts. A loveseat in particular, has no arm rest in between. This also gave Cher a Billboard album chart span of more than 37 years. Arm rests prevent or complicate both desired and undesired proximity. Living Proof entered the Billboard album chart at #9, making it her highest-charting album debut.

in public transport and other public places, and to prevent lying on the bench or coach. In February of 2002, still in dance mode, she released the highly anticipated follow-up to Believe. The latter may be provided for comfort, but also for privacy e.g. In May of 2000, Cher was presented with the Lifelong Contribution to the Music Industry Award at the World Music Awards by Steven Tyler of the rock band Aerosmith. A couch, bench, or other arrangement of seats next to each other may have arm rest at the sides and/or arm rests in between. The "Believe Tour" continued throughout 2000, becoming Cher’s most successful tour. Hence in some chair designs, the armrest is not continuous to the chair back, but is missing in the elbow area. The Emmy-nominated television special Cher: Live at the MGM Grand In Las Vegas aired by year’s end.

Armrests should support the forearm and not the sensitive elbow area. Later in 1999, Cher co-starred in the critically-acclaimed Franco Zeffirelli film Tea With Mussolini (1999) with Judi Dench, Maggie Smith, Joan Plowright and Lily Tomlin before embarking on the successful worldwide "Believe Tour", which toured throughout the US, Canada, Europe, and Australia. Armrests further have the function of making entry and exit from the chair easier (but from the side it becomes more difficult). Cher performed on the highly-rated television special Divas Live 1999, and appeared onstage in a memorable performance alongside contemporaries Tina Turner and Elton John. If so, armrests will support part of the body weight through the arms if the arms are resting on the armrests. Cher appeared at the event with Mary Bono, who accepted the award on behalf of her late husband. A chair may or may not have armrests. Sonny and Cher also received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Television later in 1999.

For adjustable chairs, the aforementioned principles are applied in adjusting the chair to the individual occupant. The album was also nominated in four other categories, including Record of the Year, as well as being nominated for numerous other music awards. In some airplanes and stadiums the seat pitch is so small that there is sometimes there is no leg room for the average person. Cher won her first Grammy Award in Feburary 1999 for Best Dance Recording for the song "Believe". "Seat pitch" is the distance between rows of seats. She received rave reviews for the performance. The buttock-knee length is used to determine "leg room" between rows of chairs. In January 1999, Cher performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" in front of tens of millions around the world for Super Bowl XXXII.

Elbow rest height is used to determine the height of the armrests. Another single, "All or Nothing" (US #38, 1998), having cracked the Top 40, brought Cher’s total number of Top 40 hits to 23, not including those attained with Sonny. Hip breadth is used for chair width and armrest width. The Believe album was eventually certified quadruple platinum, and is believed to have sold at least another 12 million copies worldwide. Additional anthropometric measurements may be relevant to designing a chair. She also earned the distinction of being the only female artist to have had Top 10 hits in each of the past four successive decades. Mass produced chairs are typically 38-43 cm deep. This achievement made Cher the oldest woman (at 52) to have a #1 hit in the rock era, and also gave her the distinction of having the longest span of #1 hits (33 years) as well as the largest gap between #1’s (24 years).

This anthropometric measurement is used to determine the seat depth. It also became Cher’s fourth solo #1 single in US and fifth US #1 overall. For someone seated, the buttock popliteal length is the horizontal distance from the back most part of the buttocks to the back of the lower leg. 1 in the charts for seven weeks and became the all-time biggest-selling single ever by a solo female artist in the UK. Mass produced chairs are typically 17 inches high. In the United Kingdom, "Believe" stayed at No. The popliteal height, after adjusting for heels, clothing and other issues is used to determine the height of the chair seat. The first single and title track "Believe" (1998) quickly became a worldwide smash, easily becoming Cher’s biggest hit, reaching #1 in 23 countries around the world.

(The term "sitting height" is reserved for the height to the top of the head when seated.) For American men, the median popliteal height is 16.3 inches and for American women it is 15.0 inches[1]. The album marked an extreme departure for Cher, as the record was a sparkling collection of up-tempo dance tracks, conjured up by a large and mixed team of lesser-known, mostly European producers. It is sometimes called the "stool height". At the end of 1998, at age 52, a newly energized Cher released her much-hyped album Believe (1998), widely reported to be targeted towards her immense gay following. For someone seated, the popliteal height is the distance from the underside of the foot to the underside of the thigh at the knees. Despite charges of opportunism Cher continued to openly mourn, also paying tribute to Bono in the sentimental CBS special Sonny and Me: Cher Remembers (1998), calling her grief "something I never plan to get over". The two most relevant anthropometric measurement for chair design is the popliteal height and buttock popliteal length. In front of millions, she praised the man who had been father, friend, partner, husband, and foe.

Anthropometric statistics may be gathered for mass produced chairs. The funeral, unbeknownst to Cher, was also broadcast live on CNN. Individuals may be measured for a custom chair. Nonetheless, under a slew of media attention, Cher accepted an invitation to deliver the eulogy. Actual chair dimensions are determined by measurements of the human body or anthropometric measurements. Photograghed in tears as she fled through Heathrow Airport back to Los Angeles, the media seemingly appointed Cher his widow, though they had been apart for 24 years and he was long remarried, and then married again with a fourth wife and a new career as a popular congressman. By matching the shape of the occupant's buttocks, weight is distributed and pressure at any given point is reduced. He was 62.

A contoured seat pan attempts to distribute weight without padding. Cher was in London in January of 1998 when a call from her daughter Chastity brought the shocking news of Sonny Bono's death in a skiing accident. Where padding is not desirable, contouring may be used instead. She also co-starred and directed in one of the film’s three segments, earning a Golden Globe Nomination as Best Supporting Actress in a made-for-television movie. For example, in hot climates, padding with fabric or plastic covers is often uncomfortable against the skin. Also in 1996, Cher co-executive-produced the highly-anticipated, slightly controversial HBO abortion drama If These Walls Could Talk (1996) with actress Demi Moore. There may be cases where padding is not desirable. She starred in the poorly-received film Faithful (1996) with Ryan O'Neal and Chazz Palminteri.

Chairs that have padding that is the same density front and back will feel soft in the back area and hard to the underside of the knees. This also marked the first time that Cher wrote the material for an entire album. Since most of the body weight is supported in the back of the seat, padding there should be firmer than the front of the seat which only has the weight of the legs to support. The album was quickly rejected by record labels for being "not commercial", so Cher chose to sell the recording exclusively through her website. In lieu of padding, flexible materials, such as wicker, may be used instead with similar effects of distributing the weight. This album was written entirely by Cher after she attended a songwriting retreat in France back in 1994. Spreading the area reduces the pressure at any given point. She also produced and recorded an independent alternative-rock album entitled Not.Com.mercial (pronounced "not-dot-com-mercial").

The same body weight over a smaller area means greater pressure on that area. Though praised by critics as a departure from her Geffen-era style, it was mostly overlooked by her fans. A hard wood chair feels hard because the contact point between the occupant and the chair is small. At age 50, she released the album It's a Man's World (1996). However, padding does distribute the weight by increasing the area of contact between the chair and the body. She was back full-time by 1996. Padding will not shift the weight to different parts of the body (unless the chair is so soft that the shape is altered). Cher made cameo appearances in the Robert Altman films Ready to Wear (1992) and The Player (1994).

Padding can be on the seat of the chair only, on the seat and back, or also on any arm rests and/or foot rest the chair may have. Many critics say this had a negative impact on her career. Many chairs are padded or have cushions. She made very few public appearances during this period, with the notable exception she made to help her friend Lori Davis launch a hair-care line via a series of infomercials. A sit-stand chair distributes most of the weight of the occupant to the feet. By 1992, at the age of 46, Cher took some time off, following what was widely reported as either a case of Epstein-Barr Virus or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. A kneeling chair adds an additional body part, the knees, to support the weight of the body. The film was a moderate success.

A stool or other simple chair may have a simple straight or curved bar near the bottom for the sitter to place his/her feet on. Cher starred in the film Mermaids (1991) with Bob Hoskins, Wynona Ryder, and a then 9 year old Christina Ricci, making her film debut. Some chairs have foot rests. Cher embarked on the "Love Hurts Tour" throughout 1991 and into 1992. Reclining chairs typically have at least shoulder height backrests to shift weight to the shoulders instead of just the lower back. This album was also eventually certified platinum. Headrests support the head as well and are important in vehicles for preventing "whiplash" neck injuries in rear-end collisions where the head is jerked back suddenly. This album produced the Top 20 hit "Love and Understanding" (US #17, UK#6 1991) and 2 more Top 40 hits: a re-working of "The Shoop Shoop Song" (US #33, UK #1 1991) and "Save Up All Your Tears" (US #37, 1991).

Shoulder height backrests support the entire back and shoulders. In 1991, Cher completed her Geffen recording contract by releasing the album Love Hurts (1991). In general, backrests come in three heights: Lower back backrests support only the lumbar region. During this time, she starred in the television special Cher - Live at the Mirage, filmed during a live concert in Las Vegas. The back of the chair will support some of the weight of the occupant, reducing the weight on other parts of the body. She also launched "The Heart of Stone Tour" which played throughout 1989 and 1990 in various parts of the world. However, reclining may not be suitable for chairs intended for work or eating at table. This album was eventually certified triple platinum.

In general, if the occupant is suppose to sit for a long time, weight needs to be taken off the seat area and thus "easy" chairs intended for long periods of sitting are generally at least slightly reclined. In 1989, at 43, Cher released the album Heart of Stone, which featured three more Top 10 hits, "If I Could Turn Back Time" (US #3, 1989); "After All" (US #6, 1989), a duet with Peter Cetera; "Just Like Jesse James" (US #8, 1989); and the Top 20 hit "Heart of Stone" (#20, 1990). This may be more comfortable for some in reducing weight on the seat area, but may be problematic for others who have bad backs. This album was eventualy certified platinum. A reclining seat and back will shift weight to the occupant's back. Cher (1987) was released in 1987, featured the Top 10 comeback single "I Found Someone" (US #10, 1987), which had previously been a minor hit for Laura Branigan, and the Top 20 hit "We All Sleep Alone" (US #14, 1988). A lower seat may shift too much weight to the "seat bones" ("ischial tuberosities"). Under a new recording contract with Geffen records, Cher released the first of three highly successful rock albums, under the executive production of Kalodner and featuring writing contributions from the likes of Diane Warren, Jon Bon Jovi, Richie Sambora, Desmond Child, and Michael Bolton.

It may also result in no weight on the feet which means more weight elsewhere. Also in 1987, at the age of 41, Cher, though somewhat reluctantly, revived her recording career after a five-year hiatus, under the suggestion and coordination of rock producer and A&R man John Kalodner. A seat that is higher results in dangling feet and increased pressure on the underside of the knees ("popliteal fold"). Dukakis also won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Cher's mother in the film. Ergonomic designs distributes the weight of the occupant to various parts of the body. For Moonstruck, directed by Norman Jewison, she won the 1989 Academy Award for Best Actress, the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Musical/Comedy and the Favorite Film Actress award at the People’s Choice Awards. Easy chairs for watching television or movies are somewhere in between depending on the height of the screen. In 1987, she starred in three films: the thriller Suspect (1987), with Dennis Quaid; the fantasy film The Witches of Eastwick (1987), with Jack Nicholson, Susan Sarandon and Michelle Pfeiffer; and the romantic comedy Moonstruck (1987) with Nicholas Cage and Olympia Dukakis.

Dental chairs are necessarily reclined. In 1985, Cher was honored with Harvard Univeristy's Hasty Pudding Woman of the Year Award. "Task chairs", or any chair intended for people to work at a desk or table, including dining chairs, can only recline very slightly; otherwise the occupant is too far away from the desk or table. For her role of a mother of a severely disfigured boy, Cher won the Best Actress prize at the Cannes Film Festival. Intended usage determines the desired seating position. The film also starred Eric Stoltz, Laura Dern and Sam Elliott, and was considered her first critical and commercial success. Chair design considers intended usage, ergonomics (how comfortable it is for the occupant), as well as non-ergonomic functional requirements such as size, stackability, foldability, weight, durability, stain resistance and artistic design. Her next film was a starring role in the critically-acclaimed Mask (1985), directed by Peter Bogdanovich.

. For this film, she also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama. See history of the chair for an extended look at chairs from antiquity to the modern day. She was next cast alongside Meryl Streep and Kurt Russell in the critically acclaimed drama Silkwood (1983) for which she received her first Academy Award nomination, for Best Supporting Actress. Headrests for seats in vehicles are important for preventing whiplash injuries to the neck when the vehicle is involved in a rear-end collision. Her performance was critically praised, and she was later cast in the film version directed by famed Hollywood director Robert Altman. There may be separate headrests. In 1982, at 36, Cher landed her first major role in a Broadway production of Come Back to the Five-and-Dime Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean.

The back may extend above the height of the head. At the time, Cher was also quoted as saying that she didn’t really care if she ever made another record. Likewise, the back and sometimes the seat are made of porous materials or have holes drilled in them for decoration and ventilation. Her earliest entertainment ambitions had always lay in film, as opposed to music, however, she found herself in an uphill battle trying to land credible roles for a woman now in her mid-thirties with little acting experience. The back often does not extend all the way to the seat to allow for ventilation. With album sales and hit singles again at a standstill, Cher decided to expand her career into serious film acting. Chairs as furniture are typically not attached to the floor and so can be moved. Once again, album sales were underwhelming.

A chair mounted in a vehicle or in a theatre is simply called a seat. In 1982, Cher released the critically and commercially panned I Paralyze (1982), again despite appearances on American Bandstand and The Tonight Show. A separate footrest for a chair is known as an ottoman, hassock or poof. The album was a dismal failure, despite an appearance on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and 'the band' broke up the following year. A chair for more than one person is a couch, sofa, settee, loveseat (two-seater without arm rest in between) or bench. In 1980, Cher, at age 34, formed the rock band Black Rose with her then-partner, guitarist Les Dudek, and released the album Black Rose (1980) by year's end. Without back and arm rests it is called a stool. That album produced no hit singles.

Chairs also often have legs to support the seat raised above the floor. For her second Casablanca release, Prisoner (1979), Cher took it all off on the album's cover, igniting a firestorm of controversy with women's rights groups for her "sex slave" image. A chair is a piece of furniture for sitting, consisting of a seat, a back, and sometimes arm rests, commonly for use by one person. The album was partially boosted by the image of a scantily-clad Cher in a Viking outfit on the album’s cover. seat cycle strength of 100,000 repetitions of 125 pounds (57 kg) dropped from 2 inches (50 mm) above the seat. Also in 1979, Cher went disco, signing with Casablanca Records, and scored yet another Top 10 hit with "Take Me Home" (US #8, 1979) from the the album Take Me Home (1979). seat strength of 225 pounds (102 kg) dropped from six inches (150 mm) above the seat. She made a brief return to prime-time starring in the television specials Cher…Special in 1978 (for which guest-star Dolly Parton was nominated for an Emmy Award) and Cher…and Other Fantasies in 1979.

leg strength of 75 pounds (34 kg) applied one inch (25 mm) from the bottom of the leg. Cher was then linked to a series of high-profile men, including record executive David Geffen, Gene Simmons of the rock band KISS, and guitarist Les Dudek. chair stability if weight is transferred completely to the front or back legs. The couple separated for good by 1978. chair backstrength of 150 pounds (68 kg). This project was not considered a critical or commercial success. Metal, Metal mesh or wire woven to form seat. Together, they also released the album, Two The Hard Way – Allman and Woman (1977), which featured a cover of the Smokey Robinson hit "You Really Got A Hold On Me".

Splint, ash, oak or hickory strips are woven. They had one son, Elijah Blue Allman, born on 1976-07-10. Caning, woven from rush, reed, rawhide, heavy paper, strong grasses, cattails to form the seat, often in elaborate patterns. Cher, at 29, famously married rock musician Gregg Allman in 1975, (a founding member of the Allman Brothers Band). Tape, wide fabric tape woven into seat, seen in lawn chairs and some old chairs. Despite this, Stars is often said to be a fan favorite. Fabric, simple covering without support. Cher released the albums Stars (1975), I'd Rather Believe In You (1976), and Cherished (1977), though none of these albums were considered a critical or commercial success.

Leather, may be tooled with a design. On 1976-02-01, The Sonny and Cher Show debuted to Top 10 ratings and high expectations, but was abruptly cancelled early in the following season due to poor ratings. Wicker, woven to provide a surface with give to it. Cher pulled the plug herself, before attempting to reunite with her ex-husband for a revamped version of The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. Stone, often marble. The Cher show ran for one and a half seasons, before ending in early 1976 due to a drastic drop in ratings. Molded plastic. This type of showmanship had never been done on television before.

Metal seats of solid or open design. Her show would often consist of numerous costume changes. Stuffed fabric, similar to padded leather. A lot of press was generated throughout 1975 about Cher's exposed bellybutton and barely there evening gowns and daring ensembles created by famed designer Bob Mackie. Padded leather, generally a flat wood base covered in padding and contained in soft leather. Cloris Leachman and Jack Albertson both won Emmy Awards for their appearances as guest-stars a few weeks later. Wood slats, often seen on outdoor chairs. The Cher show debuted as an elaborate, all-star television special - broadcast 1975-02-16 featuring Flip Wilson, Bette Midler and special guest Elton John.

Solid wood, may or may not be shaped to human contours. Bono’s show was abruptly cancelled, however, after only six weeks. Bono launched his own show, The Sonny Comedy Review in the fall of 1974 while Cher also announced plans to host and star in a new variety TV series of her own. What followed was a nasty and very public divorce. The show also therefore fell apart, while still at the top of the ratings.

By the third season of the Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour in early 1974, the marriage of Sonny and Cher began to fall apart, and the duo separated later that year. She released her first Greatest Hits (1974) album in 1974. She followed up with the albums Foxy Lady (1972) and Bittersweet White Light (1973), before scoring two more #1 hits with "Half-Breed" (US #1, 1973, now a signature song), and "Dark Lady" (US #1, 1974) from the two albums of the same name. Cher, at 25, continued to establish herself as a solo recording artist with the help of producer Snuff Garrett, and charted her first solo #1 hit with the song "Gypsies, Tramps & Thieves" (US #1, 1971), from the album Gypsies, Tramps and Thieves(1971).

The duo also revived their recording career, releasing the albums Sonny and Cher Live (1971), All I Ever Need Is You (1972), Live in Las Vegas (1972), and Mama Was a Rock and Roll Singer – Papa Used to Write All Her Songs (1973), while charting two more Top 10 hits: "All I Ever Need Is You" (US #7, 1971) "A Cowboys' Work Is Never Done" (US #8, 1972) and the Top 40 hit "When You Say Love" (US #32, 1973). The show received numerous Emmy Award nominations throughout its three year run on CBS. It returned to primetime later that year and was an immediate hit, quickly reaching the Top Ten in their time slot. The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour debuted in 1971 as a summer replacement series.

Having caught the eye of CBS head of programming Fred Silverman while guest-hosting on The Merv Griffin Show, he offered the duo their own variety show. A mixture of slapstick comedy, skits and live music, the show was a critical success, which led to numerous guest spots on other early 70’s hit television shows. In 1970, Sonny and Cher starred in their first television special, The Sonny and Cher Nitty Gritty Hour.
.

That film (directed by first and only-time director Alessio De Paulo) was also considered a commercial failure. The duo made another unsuccessful foray into film later in 1969 with Bono writing and producing the film Chastity, intended as a dramatic debut for Cher as an actress. Cher released the album 3614 Jackson Highway (1969 later in 1969. Sonny and Cher also welcomed their first child, Chastity Bono, born 1969-03-04.

Their gentle, easy-listening pop sound and anti-drug policy had become unpopular in an era becoming increasingly consumed with the psychedelic rock that came with the overall evolutionary change in the landscape of American pop culture during the late 1960's. Sonny and Cher's career had stalled by 1968, as album sales quickly dryed up. The film was a flop. In an attempt to capitalize on the duo’s success, Sonny penned their first feature film (themed similarily to The Beatles’ Yellow Submarine) Good Times in 1967, in which the duo starred.

She followed up with "Where Do You Go" (US #25, 1965) "Bang, Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down!)" (US #2, 1966)the feature film title track "Alfie" (US #32, 1966) and "You Better Sit Down Kids" (US #9, 1967) from the albums The Sonny Side of Cher (1966), Cher (1966), Backstage (1967), With Love…Cher (1968). Meanwhile, also in 1965, Cher released her first solo record All I Really Want To Do which charted her first solo US Top 20 hit, a cover of Bob Dylan's "All I Really Want to Do" (US #15, 1965). With her dark, exotic looks, she became a fashion trend-setter, quickly popularizing fashion bellbottoms, and incorporating ‘hippie’ attire and eccentric gowns and elaborate costumes into their live shows. While initially perceived as the slightly awkward and under-estimated half of the popular singing duo, Cher quickly rose to prominence as the more outspoken, daring and provocative half of the husband-and-wife singing team.

Sullivan infamously pronounced her name 'Chur' during their introduction. The duo made an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall of 1965 in which Mr. The two became a quick sensation, travelling and performing around the world. Several more Top 40 hits would follow, including "Baby, Don’t Go" (US #8, 1965), "Just You" (US #20, 1965), "But You're Mine" (US #15, 1965), "Little Man" (US #21, 1966), and "The Beat Goes On" (US #6, 1967) from the albums The Wonderous World of Sonny and Cher (1966), and In Case You’re In Love (1967).

Cher was 19 years old. This album contained the overnight smash and eventual #1 single "I Got You Babe" (US #1, 1965). They later re-emerged as "Sonny and Cher", and released their first album Look at Us in the summer of 1965. They received little attention.

With Sonny continuing to write, arrange and produce the songs, Sonny and Cher’s first incarnation was as the duo "Ceasear and Cleo". Both were released in 1964. Her second attempt was the more popular single "Dream Baby", released under the name Cherilyn, written and produced by Sonny. It went nowhere.

Her first solo recording was the novelty single "Ringo, I Love You", released under the pseudonym of Bonnie-Jo Mason and produced by Phil Spector. The two became fast friends and eventually lovers, and through Sonny, Cher (as she was called early on for short) eventually got to sing back-up on several of Spector’s classic recordings. The much older Sonny (he was 28) was already working for record producer Phil Spector at Gold Star Studios in Hollywood. Cherilyn first met Sonny Bono in a Los Angeles coffee shop in 1963, when she was just 17.

. In a career defined, and redefined as much by dramatic missteps and spectacular recoveries, the chief constant has been her seemingly limitless determination. From sequined spectacle to luminous Oscar-winner; TV vamp to Billboard's longest running chart-topper, Cher's success in music, film, television, and on stage qualifies her as one of the most enduring entertainers of our time. In a career that has now surpassed 40 years, Cher has emerged a legendary pop icon who continues to charm audiences around the globe, constantly on the public forefront.

She rose to prominence in the mid-1960s as half of the pop duo Sonny and Cher, later emerging as a successful solo artist, television star, and later, film actress. She has sold solo over 100 million records worldwide since the start of her career. She rose to prominence in the 1960s as a member of the duo Sonny and Cher and sold over 80 million records worldwide, then as a solo artist when the duo ended in 1974. Cher (born Cherilyn Sarkisian on May 20, 1946) is an American actress and singer of Armenian descent.

VH-1's 25 Greatest Rock Star Cameos #2 (Vote ranking #1). VH-1/TV Guide's 100 Greatest Moments that Rocked TV #20; #59; #87 (Vote ranking #1; #2; #3). 2003 - USA Today Pop Candy's 100 People of the Year #19 (Vote ranking #1). TV Guide's 50 Sexiest Stars #13.

2004 - Top 10 Shortest Celebrity Marriages #3 (Vote ranking #1). 1987 - People Magazine's 25 Most Intriguing People #1. 1975 - People Magazine's 25 Most Intriguing People #1. People Magazine Cover Champs # 11 (Vote ranking #1).

1976 - People Magazine Best Seller of the Year #1. 1975 - People Magazine Best Seller of the Year #1. 2002 - Netscape's Top 10 Double Threats #1. 1992 - Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum's 5 Most Beautiful Women of History #2.

1986 - Hollywood Square Celebrities [1966-82] #1. 1986 - High Society's 30 Sexiest Celebrities #1. 2004 - E!'s 101 Most Starlicious Makeovers # 3. 70´s - AAFRPS Ideal Face of the 1970's # 3.

1977 - 10 Celebrities, Girls Want to Be #8. 2005 - Pollstar's Top Tours "North American" # 7. 2004 - Pollstar's Top Tours "North American" # 17. 2003 - Pollstar's Top Tours "North American" # 3.

2002 - Pollstar's Top Tours "North American" # 2. 1999 - Pollstar's Top Tours "North American" # 6. 2000 - World Music Award - Lifelong Contribution to the Music Industry award. 2004 - Women's World Award - one of the most successful actresses/singers.

2001 - Bambi - most successful Female Singer in History. 1999 - Echo "German Grammy Award" - best International Female Singer. 1991 - Echo "German Grammy Award" - best International Female Singer. 1999 - Hollywood Walk of Fame - For TV - Sonny and Cher.

1999 - Grammy - Best Dance Recording - Believe. 2003 - Emmy Award - Outstanding Variety, Music or Comedy Special - Farewell Tour. 1985 - Cannes Film Festival - Best Actress - Mask. 1987 - Golden Globe Award - Best Actress - Moonstruck.

1984 - Golden Globe Award - Best Supporting Actress - Silkwood. 1974 - Golden Globe Award - Best TV Actress - Musical/Comedy - Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour. 1989 - Academy Award - Best Actress - Moonstruck. Sonny & Cher - the Christmas Collection (DVD Release 2004).

Sonny & Cher - the Ultimate Collection (DVD Release 2003). Cher: The Farewell Tour (2003) (also executive producer). VH1 Divas Las Vegas (2002). Cher: Live in Concert from Las Vegas (1999).

VH1 Divas Live 99 (1999). at the Mirage (1990). Cher.. and Other Fantasies (1979).

Cher.. Special (1978). Cher.. The Sonny and Cher Show (1976-1977).

Cher (1975-1976). The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour (1971-1974). The Sonny & Cher Nitty Gritty Hour (1970). Good Times (DVD Release 2004).

Chastity (DVD Release 2004). Mask (DVD Release 2004). Faithful (DVD Release 2004). Stuck On You (DVD Release 2004).

Silkwood (DVD Release 2003). Suspect (DVD Release 2001). Mermaids (DVD Release 2001). Tea With Mussolini (DVD Release 1999).

Moonstruck (DVD Release 1998). The Witches of Eastwick (DVD Release 1997). The House (2007) (currently in pre-production). In the Pink (2007) (currently in pre-production).

Stuck On You (2003). Mayor of the Sunset Strip (documentary) (2003). Tea with Mussolini (1999). Faithful (1996).

Prêt-à-Porter (1994) (Cameo). The Player (1992) (Cameo). Mermaids (1990). Moonstruck (1987).

Suspect (1987). The Witches of Eastwick (1987). Mask (1985). Silkwood (1983).

Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982). Chastity (1969). Good Times (1967). Wild on the Beach (1965).

Cher: Live at the Mirage (Las Vegas, the "Heart of Stone" Tour 1990) (DVD Release 2005). The Very Best of Cher DVD Edition (DVD Release 2004). Cher: The Farewell Tour Live in Miami (DVD Release 2003). VH1 Divas Las Vegas (DVD Release 2002).

Cher: Live in Concert (Las Vegas, the "Believe" Tour 1999) (DVD Release 1999). VH1 Divas Live 99 (DVD Release 1999). 2003 - "When The Moneys Gone/Love One Another" US Maxi Single #2. 2002 - "A Different Kind of Love Song" US Maxi-Single #2.

2002 - "Song For The Lonely" Hot US #85; US Maxi-Single #1; US POP #7; Canada #18. 2002 - "Alive Again" Germany #27; Israel #8; Norway #32; Swiss #80. 2001 - "The Music's No Good Without You" Russia #1;UK #8 Top 10 Canada/Italy/Taiwan/Portugal; Top 20 Sweden/Norway/Europe/Finland. 1999 - "Dovè lAmore" UK #21; Top 10 Europe/Italy/Rumaenien/Finnland/Spain/Creeze.

1999 - "All or Nothing" US #38; UK/Europe 12; Top 10 Rumaenien/Finnland/Jogoslawien/Denmark; Norway #19. 1999 - "Strong Enough" US #57; Croatien/Denmark #1; Top 10 UK/Germany/France/Belgian/Swiss/Europe/Italy/Austria/Finland/New Zealand/Spain/Jogoslawien. 1998 - "Believe" US #1 (2x Platinum); UK #1 - in 24 countries #1, and over 30 countries Top 10. 1996 - "The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore" UK #22.

1996 - "Not Enough Love In the World" UK #31. 1996 - "One By One" US #52; UK #7. 1995 - "Walking In Memphis" UK #11; Norway #7; Sweden #13; Austria #17; Germany #63. 1995 - "Love Can Build a Bridge" UK #1; Germany #62; Swiss #21; Austria #18.

1994 - "I Got You Babe" (Cher & Beavis And Butthead) US #108; UK #35; Dutch 9; Europe #18. 1993 - "Whenever Youre Near" UK #72. 1993 - "Many Rivers to Cross" UK #37. 1992 - "Oh No Not My Baby" UK #33; Germany #52; Austria #30; Swiss #19.

1992 - "Couldve Been You" UK #31; Germany #72. 1991 - "Love Hurts" UK #43; Norway #2. 1991 - "Save Up All Your Tears" US/UK #37; Austria #18; Germany #56. 1991 - "Love And Understanding" US #17; Top 10 UK/Dutch/Belgian/Norway/Austria; Germany #20; Top 30 France/Sweden/Australian.

1991 - "The Shoop Shoop Song" US #33; UK/Norway/Irish/Europe/Austria #1; Top 10 Germany/France/Sweden/Dutch/Belgian/Swiss/Australian. 1990 - "You Wouldn't Know Love" UK #27 (Gold). 1990 - "Heart Of Stone" US #20; UK #43; Germany #23. 1989 - "Just Like Jesse James" US #8 (Gold); UK #11; Germany #38; Belgian #13; Australian #22.

1989 - "If I Could Turn Back Time" US #3; Norway/Australian #1; Top 10 UK/US/Dutch/Belgian; Top 20 Germany/Sweden/Italy/Austria. 1989 - "After All" (duet with Peter Cetera) US #6 (Platinum). 1988 - "Skin Deep" US #78. 1988 - "We All Sleep Alone" US #14; UK #47; Norway #11.

1987 - "I Found Someone" US #10; UK #5 (Gold); Norway #14; Germany #35. 1981 - "Dead Ringer for Love" (Cher & Meatloaf) UK #5; Norway #26; Dutch #32. 1979 - "Hell on Wheels" US #59. 1979 - "Wasn't it Good" US #49.

1979 - "Take Me Home" US #8 (Gold); Norway #9. 1977 - "Pirate" US #93. 1974 - "I Saw a Man and He Danced with His Wife" US #42. 1974 - "Train of Thought" US #27, Canada #22.

1974 - "Dark Lady" US/Canada/Sweden #1 (Gold); Norway #10; Dutch #17; Belgian #22; Uk #36. 1973 - "Half-Breed" US/Canada #1 (Gold); Sweden #6; Norway #15; Germany #29. 1972 - "Don't Hide Your Love" US #46. 1972 - "Living in a House Divided" US #22.

1972 - "The Way Of Love" US #7; Canada #5. 1971 - "Gypsies, Tramps, and Thieves" US/Canada #1 UK #4; Norway #8; Dutch/Germany #25; Belgian #27. 1969 - "For What it's Worth" US #125. 1968 - "The Click Song" US #84.

1967 - "You Better Sit Down Kids" US #9, Canada #7. 1967 - "Hey Joe" US #94. 1966 - "Mama (When My Dollies Have Babies)" US #124; Canada #45. 1966 - "Behind the Door" US #97.

1966 - "Sunny" UK #32, Dutch/Norway #2; Sweden #4. 1966 - "I Feel Something In the Air" UK #43. 1966 - "Alfie" US #32; Canada #26. 1966 - "Bang Bang (My Baby Shot Me Down)" US #2; UK #3; Italy #6; Sweden/Canada/Belgian #9; Dutch #16; Germany #17.

1965 - "Where Do You Go?" US #25; Canada #22. 1965 - "All I Really Wanna Do" US/Dutch #15; UK #9; Sweden #13; Canada #26 (Cher's first #1 hit). 1993 - "I Got You Babe" (re-issue) UK #66. 1972 - "When You Say Love" US #32.

1972 - "A Cowboys' Work Is Never Done" US #8; Canada #4; Germany #48. 1971 - "All I Ever Need Is You" US #7; UK #7; Canada #10; Belgian #20. 1967 - "The Beat Goes On" US #6, UK #29; France #2; Belgian #5; Dutch #8; Canada #9; Germany #24. 1966 - "Living For You" US #87; UK #44.

1966 - "Little Man" US #21; France/Sweden/Belgian/Norway/Dutch #1; UK #4; Germany #2; Canada #6. 1966 - "Have I Stayed Too Long" US #49; UK #42. 1965 - "But You're Mine" US #15; UK #17; Canada #23. 1965 - "Just You/Sing C'est La Vie" US #20; Belgian #1; Canada #15.

1965 - "Baby Don't Go" US #8; Canada #1; Sweden #16; Dutch #20; UK #11. 1965 - "The Letter" US # 75; Canada #24. 1965 - "I Got You Babe" US/UK #1; Germany #3; Sweden/Canada/Dutch #4; France/Japan #5; Belgian #12. 1964 - "Love Is Strange" US #134.

Cher Gold (2005). 20th Century Masters Presents The Best of Cher Volume 2 (2004). The Very Best of Cher (2003). The Way of Love - The Cher Collection (2000).

20th Century Masters Presents The Best of Cher (2000). The Greatest Hits (1999) - Europe Only. If I Could Turn Back Time, Cher's Greatest Hits (1999). Greatest Hits (1974).

Cher Gold (2005-07-26). Live! The Farewell Tour (2003-08-26). The Very Best of Cher (2003-04-01). Living Proof (2002-02-26 USA) (2001-11-09 Europe).

not.com.mercial (2000). Believe (1998-11-10). It's a Man's World (1996 USA) (1995 Europe). Love Hurts (1991).

Heart of Stone (1989). Cher (1987). I Paralyze (1982). Black Rose (1980).

Take Me Home (1979). Prisoner (1979). Cherished (1977). Allman and Woman (1976) (w/ Gregg Allman).

I'd Rather Believe In You (1976). Stars (1975). Dark Lady (1974). Half Breed (1973).

Bittersweet White Light (1973). Foxy Lady (1972). Gypsies, Tramps & Thieves (1971). 3614 Jackson Highway (1969).

Cher (1968). With Love.. Cher Backstage (1967). Cher (1966).

The Sonny Side of Cher (1966). All I Really Want to Do (1965). Mama Was a Rock and Roll Singer - Papa Used to Write All Her Songs (1973). Live In Las Vegas Volume Two (1972).

All I Ever Need Is You (1972). Sonny & Cher Live (1971). In Case You're In Love (1967). The Wondrous World of Sonny & Cher (1966).

Look at Us (1965).

12-18-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List