Camille (movie)

Camille is the name of several films based on the 1852 novel and play La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils. The novel was also the basis for Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata. Like the novel, the films tell the story of gay romance in Paris in the 1840s, and one young woman who wins the heart of a wealthy young man, but gives him up for his own good.

The first movie based on the work was a Danish silent film version in 1907 called Kameliadamen. Directed by Viggo Larsen, it stars Oda Alstrup, Larsen, Gustave Lund and Robert Storm Petersen.

In 1910, a French language silent film was made, directed by André Calmettes and Henri Pouctal. It stars Sarah Bernhardt.

In 1915, an English language film, the first one to use the name Camille, was made. It was adapted by Frances Marion and directed by Albert Capellani, and stars Clara Kimball Young, Paul Capellani, Lillian Cook and Robert Cummings. An Italian language film was also made in the same year, called La Signora delle camelie. It was directed by Baldassarre Negroni and Gustavo Serena. It stars Hesperia, Alberto Collo and Ida Carloni Talli.

In 1917 an American film was made, adapted by Adrian Johnson and directed by J. Gordon Edwards. It stars Theda Bara, Alan Roscoe, Walter Law, Glen White, Alice Gale, Claire Whitney and Richard Barthelmess.

A 1921 version was adapted by June Mathis and directed by Ray C. Smallwood. It stars Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino.

A 1925 Swedish film called Damen med kameliorna was adapted and directed by Olof Molander. It stars Uno Henning and Tora Teje.

A 1926 version was adapted by Fred De Gresac, George Marion Jr., Olga Printzlau and Chandler Sprague. It was directed by Fred Niblo. It stars Norma Talmadge and Gilbert Roland. There are no known copies of this film extant.

The first sound version was made in French in 1934, called La Dame aux camélias. It was adapted by Abel Gance and directed by Gance and Fernand Rivers. It stars Yvonne Printemps and Pierre Fresnay.

Arguably the most famous version was the 1936 Hollywood version. It was adapted by Zoe Akins, Frances Marion and James Hilton, and directed by George Cukor. It stars Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor and Lionel Barrymore. The movie was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Greta Garbo). The movie inspired Milton Benjamin to write and publish a song called "I'll Love Like Robert Taylor, Be My Greta Garbo".

A 1944 Spanish language version was produced in Mexico. It was adapted by Roberto Tasker and directed by Gabriel Soria, and stars Lina Montes and Emilio Tuero.

A 1953 French version called La Dame aux camélias was adapted by Bernard Natanson and directed by Raymond Bernard. It stars Gino Cervi, Micheline Presle and Roland Alexandre.

A 1954 Mexican version, called Camelia was adapted by José Arenas, Edmundo Báez, Roberto Gavaldón and Gregorio Walerstein. It was directed by Gavaldón, and stars María Félix. In the same year, La Mujer de las camelias, an Argentine version was adapted by Alexis de Arancibia (as Wassen Eisen) and Ernesto Arancibia, and directed by Ernesto Arancibia. It stars Mona Maris.

In 1969, a drug-laced Italian language version called Camille 2000 was produced. It was adapted by Michael DeForrest and directed by Radley Metzger. It stars Danièle Gaubert and Nino Castelnuovo.

A 1980 version, La Dame aux camélias, in French, was produced. It was adapted by Jean Aurenche, Enrico Medioli and Vladimir Pozner, and directed by Mauro Bolognini. It stars Carla Fracci.

In 1984 a version of Camille was produced for television. It was adapted by Blanche Hanalis and directed by Desmond Davis. It stars Greta Scacchi, Colin Firth, John Gielgud, Billie Whitelaw, Patrick Ryecart, Denholm Elliott and Ben Kingsley.


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It stars Greta Scacchi, Colin Firth, John Gielgud, Billie Whitelaw, Patrick Ryecart, Denholm Elliott and Ben Kingsley. Apparently one of the actors portraying the Roman Guards was supposed to strike a board on Caviezel's back to prevent from injuring Caviezel but had missed the mark. It was adapted by Blanche Hanalis and directed by Desmond Davis. Jim Caviezel admitted that he was struck in the back accidentally during the scourging sequence, leaving a significant scar on his back. In 1984 a version of Camille was produced for television. This is the same age Christ is said to have been upon his crucifixion. It stars Carla Fracci. Jim Caviezel also bears the initials "JC." When Gibson first requested Caviezel to portray Christ in early 2002, Caviezel, was 33 years of age.

It was adapted by Jean Aurenche, Enrico Medioli and Vladimir Pozner, and directed by Mauro Bolognini. [2] (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0001029/bio) and [3] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3209223.stm). A 1980 version, La Dame aux camélias, in French, was produced. Jim Caviezel, who played Jesus Christ, was struck by lightning during the shooting; while the assistant director, Jan Michelini, was allegedly struck by lightning twice. It stars Danièle Gaubert and Nino Castelnuovo. The film has also been criticized by several fundamentalist Protestant groups for its Catholic and Ecumenist overtones. It was adapted by Michael DeForrest and directed by Radley Metzger. While partially due to graphic violence portrayed in the film, of more concern is the purported anti-semitic overtones of the film.

In 1969, a drug-laced Italian language version called Camille 2000 was produced. This movie is considered extremely controversial by both religious and atheistic groups. It stars Mona Maris. Its release in 950 theaters in North America averaged only some 10 viewers per showing. In the same year, La Mujer de las camelias, an Argentine version was adapted by Alexis de Arancibia (as Wassen Eisen) and Ernesto Arancibia, and directed by Ernesto Arancibia. The recut version's showing in theaters was not successful. It was directed by Gavaldón, and stars María Félix. This has caused some theater chains which do not exhibit "unrated" films to turn down the recut version, while others will be enforcing the R rating it would have received. Some theaters have passed on the recut version simply because the film is already available on DVD.

A 1954 Mexican version, called Camelia was adapted by José Arenas, Edmundo Báez, Roberto Gavaldón and Gregorio Walerstein. However, the movie was still deemed too violent by the MPAA for a lesser rating than R, so Gibson decided to release it without a rating. It stars Gino Cervi, Micheline Presle and Roland Alexandre. Gibson's stated aim was to make the film more family-friendly. A 1953 French version called La Dame aux camélias was adapted by Bernard Natanson and directed by Raymond Bernard. Some five or six minutes of the original version were cut in order to make the film less violent. It was adapted by Roberto Tasker and directed by Gabriel Soria, and stars Lina Montes and Emilio Tuero. In March of 2005, Gibson released a slightly edited version of the film, titled The Passion Recut, to the theaters.

A 1944 Spanish language version was produced in Mexico. (Emmerich received beatification in 2004, though her visions were not considered as material for the process, since they were written down by another, who appears to have elaborated on them.) Details beyond primary textual sources are to be expected in dramatizations of historical events, but the trend and tenor of non-source material can assist in understanding the general tendencies of the creators. The movie was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Greta Garbo). The movie inspired Milton Benjamin to write and publish a song called "I'll Love Like Robert Taylor, Be My Greta Garbo". For Catholics, the visions of Anne Catherine Emmerich are not considered part of the oral Apostolic Tradition and aren't something that Roman Catholics must accept as true lest they be outside the faith; Catholics are free to accept or not accept her visions. It stars Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor and Lionel Barrymore. Most of these details have been taken from Roman Catholic "Sacred Tradition" and the visions of Anne Catherine Emmerich, who vividly described Jesus' Passion in the book "The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ according to the Meditations of Anne Catherine Emmerich" (Sulzbach, 1833). It was adapted by Zoe Akins, Frances Marion and James Hilton, and directed by George Cukor. (Where possible, the source of these details is indicated in parentheses after the entry.).

Arguably the most famous version was the 1936 Hollywood version. The film was shot at Rome's Cinecitta Studios and various locations in Italy, much of it in Matera, on a budget of US$25 million, financed entirely by Gibson. It stars Yvonne Printemps and Pierre Fresnay. Crew:. It was adapted by Abel Gance and directed by Gance and Fernand Rivers. Cast:. The first sound version was made in French in 1934, called La Dame aux camélias. The film's principal cast and crew are as follows:.

There are no known copies of this film extant.
. It stars Norma Talmadge and Gilbert Roland. Australian photographer Ken Duncan was invited by Mel Gibson to be present during filming and offers limited edition prints [1] (http://www.kenduncan.com/gallery.php?ms=21&) and a book full of photography shot on location. It was directed by Fred Niblo. Gibson intended the movie to be faithful not to the New Testament alone, but rather to the New Testament as viewed through Catholic tradition, which accepts as valid a number of later sources. A 1926 version was adapted by Fred De Gresac, George Marion Jr., Olga Printzlau and Chandler Sprague. Gibson's religious beliefs, which inspired the film, are those of traditional Catholicism, which rejects most of the pastoral reforms set by the Second Vatican Council, commonly referred to as Vatican II.

It stars Uno Henning and Tora Teje. He also co-wrote the screenplay. A 1925 Swedish film called Damen med kameliorna was adapted and directed by Olof Molander. Mel Gibson played a crucial role in getting the film made, putting up his money to finance the project and directing and co-producing the film. It stars Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino. Main article: Making of The Passion of the Christ. Smallwood. According to Rottentomatoes.com the same number of critics praised the film as hated it.

A 1921 version was adapted by June Mathis and directed by Ray C. Critics were polarized over the film. It stars Theda Bara, Alan Roscoe, Walter Law, Glen White, Alice Gale, Claire Whitney and Richard Barthelmess. The film was re-released on March 11, 2005 "recut", or in other words reedited, in which Gibson removed approximately 5 minutes of the most graphic footage, in an effort to broaden the audience of the film. Gordon Edwards. Taking $370m in the US, it became the highest-grossing R-rated film ever made, and the 9th highest all-time domestic gross. In 1917 an American film was made, adapted by Adrian Johnson and directed by J. After months of interest and controversy (primarily over alleged anti-Semitism) that led to record pre-release sales, the movie opened in the United States on February 25 (Ash Wednesday, the beginning of Lent), 2004.

It stars Hesperia, Alberto Collo and Ida Carloni Talli. The film's dialogue is in Latin and in a reconstructed Aramaic. It was directed by Baldassarre Negroni and Gustavo Serena. Mel Gibson financed and directed this film adaptation of the traditional Passion play, which is a Christian tradition during the season of Lent. An Italian language film was also made in the same year, called La Signora delle camelie. The Passion of the Christ (2004) is an independent film about the last twelve hours of the life of Jesus Christ. It was adapted by Frances Marion and directed by Albert Capellani, and stars Clara Kimball Young, Paul Capellani, Lillian Cook and Robert Cummings. The Last Supper is shown in the theologically right moment with the consecration Words of Jesus: "This is My Body, which is given up for you and the many ...".

In 1915, an English language film, the first one to use the name Camille, was made. The table is higher than is normal, and Mary remarks that it (the table) would never catch on. It stars Sarah Bernhardt. Jesus is shown at home with Mary, showing her the new table that he had built. In 1910, a French language silent film was made, directed by André Calmettes and Henri Pouctal. Jesus entered Jerusalem on a donkey, welcomed with palm leaves by the crowds. Directed by Viggo Larsen, it stars Oda Alstrup, Larsen, Gustave Lund and Robert Storm Petersen. Jesus told Peter to his face, "Three times you will deny me.".

The first movie based on the work was a Danish silent film version in 1907 called Kameliadamen. The curtain in the temple was ripped after the crucifixion. Like the novel, the films tell the story of gay romance in Paris in the 1840s, and one young woman who wins the heart of a wealthy young man, but gives him up for his own good. The words of Jesus on the cross, entrusting Mary to an apostle's care (see John 19:26-27). The novel was also the basis for Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata. He asked Jesus, "Remember me when you come into your kingdom;" Jesus responded, "Today you will be with me in Paradise." This is a choice between two versions: in the other, the repentance of the one thief is not detailed. Camille is the name of several films based on the 1852 novel and play La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils. The other said that he and his fellow criminal deserved to die, but Jesus was not worthy of death.

One of the criminals mocked Jesus. Jesus was crucified alongside two criminals. The crucifixion took place on the top of a hill. The man who carried the cross for Jesus was named Simon, as noted in all three Synoptic Gospels.

(It is also possible that Judas impaled himself, and that his entrails consequently spilled out onto the field.). Judas went to the center of the field, and fell head first on to the ground and his body burst open. However, a verse in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 1:18) indicates that Judas purchased a field with the money he earned betraying Jesus. This is in keeping with the description of the fate of Judas found in the Gospel according to Matthew (Matthew 27:5).

Judas commits suicide by hanging himself from a tree. (Matthew 27:4-5). Judas tries to return the blood money to the Jewish leaders. Pilate offers the crowd a choice: release Jesus, or release another condemned prisoner in Jesus's place.

Pilate finds no "cause" to put Jesus to death. The Gospels unmistakably hint at this. Pilate is hesitant to condemn Jesus to death. The leaders bring Jesus to Pilate for punishment.

They spit in his face and beat him. Jewish leaders accuse Jesus of violating their religious tradition. Both Matthew and Mark relate this. After his arrest and delivery to the Temple, Jesus is slapped, punched and spat upon in the presence of the Sanhedrin before any trial is held.

Peter cuts off the ear of a man, when the soldiers come to arrest Jesus; Jesus heals that man (see, e.g., John 18:10, Matt 26:51). Soldiers come to arrest Jesus there. Judas identifies Jesus to the soldiers with a kiss. Judas receives 30 pieces of silver from the Jewish leaders for betraying Jesus's whereabouts.

Jesus chides them for falling asleep instead. Jesus asks his three chief followers, Peter, James and John to "watch" (i.e., stay awake) while he prays. Jesus prays in the Garden of Gethsemane. This detail is not present in the Bible - it only tells of the arrival of the women at the tomb, where Jesus is nowhere to be found.

The final scene of the movie shows Jesus leaving the tomb after the Resurrection. In the Gospels it is only reported that the curtain at the holy of holies was split. The earthquake causes a huge fissure to split the Temple down the center. It is weird, it is shocking, it's almost too much—just like turning Jesus over to continue scourging him on his chest is shocking and almost too much, which is the exact moment when this appearance of the Devil and the baby takes place." Another interpretation held by some viewers was that the baby was actually the Antichrist, symbolically being nurtured on the hatred of Jesus by the crowds.

Instead of a normal mother and child you have an androgynous figure holding a 40-year-old 'baby' with hair on his back. What is more tender and beautiful than a mother and a child? So the Devil takes that and distorts it just a little bit. No mention of this is in the Gospels, and Mel Gibson is reported to have said (http://www.christianitytoday.com/movies/news/040301-passion.html) "it's evil distorting what's good. The devil is shown carrying an "Ugly Baby" during Christ's flogging.

In the film Jesus builds a table in a rather modern style -- one that one would sit at using chairs, but his mother tells him that "it'll never catch on.". The crucified criminal who mocked Jesus was shown being pecked at mercilessly by a raven. Emmerich, chapter 43, and the apocryphal "Acts of Pilate," also known as the "Gospel of Nicodemus".). (Cf.

The names assigned to the thieves crucified with Christ, Dismas and Gesmas (also Gestas), are traditional but are not given in Scripture. (Reportedly a mistake in the filming that Gibson decided "looked good".). When they are flipped face-down, Jesus and the cross seem to levitate above the ground, and when flipped back-down, both land with high impact on the ground. After Jesus is nailed to the cross but before it has been raised, Roman soldiers flip the cross and Jesus over.

(Emmerich chapter 38.). When Jesus' right arm does not extend far enough to reach a nail hole on the cross, a Roman soldier seems to dislocate the arm at the shoulder by pulling it with a rope until the palm is over the hole. Though these events are traditionally accepted in the Roman Catholic Church as part of the Stations of the Cross, they are never mentioned in the Gospels. (Emmerich describes seven falls and also the encounter with Mary, chapters 31-36.). Also, Mary goes to Jesus so that she may comfort Him.

While travelling along the Via Dolorosa, Jesus falls under the weight of the cross three times. (Emmerich, chapter 34, which also includes her offering Jesus a drink.). This event does not appear in any Bible narrative, but is a depiction of the Roman Catholic tradition of Veronica's Veil. Along the Via Dolorosa, the image of Jesus' face is transferred to a cloth given to him by a woman.

Emmerich, chapter 36.). (Cf. Simon's name and the fact that he helped Jesus carry the cross are in all three Synoptic Gospels, but the rest of the event is not in the Bible. Simon of Cyrene, who helps Jesus carry the cross and puts his arm around him, is debased, treated poorly by a Roman soldier, and called "Jew" with a sneer.

Along the Via Dolorosa, Jesus is repeatedly rope whipped by a trailing Roman soldier. (Emmerich, chapter 23.). After the scourging, Mary wipes up the blood of Jesus with towels provided by Pilate's wife. (See flagellation.).

The Gospels state only that he was scourged. During the scourging scene Jesus is nearly flayed alive, back and front, by a variety of whip implements, some with embedded shells, glass and nails. The gospel of Matthew only mentions a message from Pilate's wife delivered while Pilate is hearing the case.). Emmerich, chapter 19.

(Cf. Pilate is shown discussing with his wife the fragility of his relationship with Tiberius Caesar, emphasizing orders Caesar gave him to avoid uprisings in Judea. The identification of Mary Magdalene with the adulterous woman is a matter of contention between the Catholic Church and various Christian denominations, feminists, and adherents to "New Age" religions. Mary Magdalene is shown as "the woman taken in adultery" saved from execution by Jesus' famous "let him who is without sin cast the first stone" statement.

Although this was a common caricature of Herod in medieval Passion plays, it does not appear in the Gospels and is contrary to the historical record regarding Antipas. Herod Antipas is portrayed as a mincing, lisping, effeminate homosexual, complete with a "boy-toy". (Emmerich, chapter 17.). When Jesus is first brought before Pontius Pilate, Pilate beholds his bloody, bruised condition and asks members of the Sanhedrin (the high council of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem) if they always beat prisoners prior to trial.

(Emmerich mentions a similar event in chapter 13.). The movie depicts some Jews as opposing the absence of the Sanhedrin's quorum, thereby challenging the legality of the trial and intimating that Jesus was not being treated fairly by Jewish leadership. (Emmerich reports that he "fled as if a thousand furies were at his heel" and later mentions Satan standing at his side to drive him to despair, chapter 14.). Acts states that his body also fell, causing him to burst open and spill out his bowels.

Matthew reports that Judas committed suicide by strangulation, presumed to be from hanging. Judas is tormented by "children" whose morphing facial features suggest they are demons, driving him to suicide. (Taken from Anne Catherine Emmerich, The Dolorous Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, chapter 3.). A Jewish Temple guard, sent to apprehend Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane, drops him from a small bridge suspended from a chain.

(In Luke 4:13, it is said that the Devil left Jesus "for a time", and many theologians reason that Satan's moment was in the Garden, but this encounter is not recorded in the Gospel.). During Jesus' distress in the Garden of Gethsemane, Satan is shown speaking to him. Reverend William Fulco - translated script into Latin and reconstructed Aramaic. Francesco Frigeri - production designer.

Caleb Deschanel - director of photography. Benedict Fitzgerald - co-screenwriter. Mel Gibson - director, co-producer, co-screenwriter. Rosalinda Celentano - Satan.

Mattia Sbragia - Caiphas. Hristo Naumov Shopov - Pontius Pilate. Monica Bellucci - Mary Magdalene. Maia Morgenstern - Mary, the mother of Jesus.

Jim Caviezel - Jesus, the Christ.

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