Camille (movie)

Camille is the name of several films based on the 1852 novel and play La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils. The novel was also the basis for Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata. Like the novel, the films tell the story of gay romance in Paris in the 1840s, and one young woman who wins the heart of a wealthy young man, but gives him up for his own good.

The first movie based on the work was a Danish silent film version in 1907 called Kameliadamen. Directed by Viggo Larsen, it stars Oda Alstrup, Larsen, Gustave Lund and Robert Storm Petersen.

In 1910, a French language silent film was made, directed by André Calmettes and Henri Pouctal. It stars Sarah Bernhardt.

In 1915, an English language film, the first one to use the name Camille, was made. It was adapted by Frances Marion and directed by Albert Capellani, and stars Clara Kimball Young, Paul Capellani, Lillian Cook and Robert Cummings. An Italian language film was also made in the same year, called La Signora delle camelie. It was directed by Baldassarre Negroni and Gustavo Serena. It stars Hesperia, Alberto Collo and Ida Carloni Talli.

In 1917 an American film was made, adapted by Adrian Johnson and directed by J. Gordon Edwards. It stars Theda Bara, Alan Roscoe, Walter Law, Glen White, Alice Gale, Claire Whitney and Richard Barthelmess.

A 1921 version was adapted by June Mathis and directed by Ray C. Smallwood. It stars Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino.

A 1925 Swedish film called Damen med kameliorna was adapted and directed by Olof Molander. It stars Uno Henning and Tora Teje.

A 1926 version was adapted by Fred De Gresac, George Marion Jr., Olga Printzlau and Chandler Sprague. It was directed by Fred Niblo. It stars Norma Talmadge and Gilbert Roland. There are no known copies of this film extant.

The first sound version was made in French in 1934, called La Dame aux camélias. It was adapted by Abel Gance and directed by Gance and Fernand Rivers. It stars Yvonne Printemps and Pierre Fresnay.

Arguably the most famous version was the 1936 Hollywood version. It was adapted by Zoe Akins, Frances Marion and James Hilton, and directed by George Cukor. It stars Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor and Lionel Barrymore. The movie was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Greta Garbo). The movie inspired Milton Benjamin to write and publish a song called "I'll Love Like Robert Taylor, Be My Greta Garbo".

A 1944 Spanish language version was produced in Mexico. It was adapted by Roberto Tasker and directed by Gabriel Soria, and stars Lina Montes and Emilio Tuero.

A 1953 French version called La Dame aux camélias was adapted by Bernard Natanson and directed by Raymond Bernard. It stars Gino Cervi, Micheline Presle and Roland Alexandre.

A 1954 Mexican version, called Camelia was adapted by José Arenas, Edmundo Báez, Roberto Gavaldón and Gregorio Walerstein. It was directed by Gavaldón, and stars María Félix. In the same year, La Mujer de las camelias, an Argentine version was adapted by Alexis de Arancibia (as Wassen Eisen) and Ernesto Arancibia, and directed by Ernesto Arancibia. It stars Mona Maris.

In 1969, a drug-laced Italian language version called Camille 2000 was produced. It was adapted by Michael DeForrest and directed by Radley Metzger. It stars Danièle Gaubert and Nino Castelnuovo.

A 1980 version, La Dame aux camélias, in French, was produced. It was adapted by Jean Aurenche, Enrico Medioli and Vladimir Pozner, and directed by Mauro Bolognini. It stars Carla Fracci.

In 1984 a version of Camille was produced for television. It was adapted by Blanche Hanalis and directed by Desmond Davis. It stars Greta Scacchi, Colin Firth, John Gielgud, Billie Whitelaw, Patrick Ryecart, Denholm Elliott and Ben Kingsley.


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It stars Greta Scacchi, Colin Firth, John Gielgud, Billie Whitelaw, Patrick Ryecart, Denholm Elliott and Ben Kingsley. Accessed June 17, 2005. It was adapted by Blanche Hanalis and directed by Desmond Davis. Bonnie and Clyde live on (http://www.washtimes.com/national/20040523-120654-8315r.htm). In 1984 a version of Camille was produced for television. [4] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_and_Clyde#endnote_festival)Washington Times, The (2004). It stars Carla Fracci. ISBN 1571687947.

It was adapted by Jean Aurenche, Enrico Medioli and Vladimir Pozner, and directed by Mauro Bolognini. Eakin Press. A 1980 version, La Dame aux camélias, in French, was produced. Bonnie and Clyde: A Twenty-First-Century Update. It stars Danièle Gaubert and Nino Castelnuovo. [3] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_and_Clyde#endnote_knight)Knight, James R.; Davis, Jonathan (2003). It was adapted by Michael DeForrest and directed by Radley Metzger. Accessed June 17, 2005.

In 1969, a drug-laced Italian language version called Camille 2000 was produced. In Search of Bonnie and Clyde in Louisiana (http://www.watermelon-kid.com/dallas-sights/barrow/louisiana.htm). It stars Mona Maris. [2] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_and_Clyde#endnote_ambush)Butler, Steven. (2003). In the same year, La Mujer de las camelias, an Argentine version was adapted by Alexis de Arancibia (as Wassen Eisen) and Ernesto Arancibia, and directed by Ernesto Arancibia. ISBN 0806136251. It was directed by Gavaldón, and stars María Félix. University of Oklahoma Press.

A 1954 Mexican version, called Camelia was adapted by José Arenas, Edmundo Báez, Roberto Gavaldón and Gregorio Walerstein. My Life With Bonnie & Clyde. It stars Gino Cervi, Micheline Presle and Roland Alexandre. [1] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonnie_and_Clyde#endnote_blanche)Barrow, Blanche Caldwell; John Neal Phillips (Ed.) (2004). A 1953 French version called La Dame aux camélias was adapted by Bernard Natanson and directed by Raymond Bernard. Every year near the anniversary of the ambush, a "Bonnie and Clyde Festival" is hosted in the town of Gibsland, Louisiana ^ . It was adapted by Roberto Tasker and directed by Gabriel Soria, and stars Lina Montes and Emilio Tuero. The Bonnie and Clyde death site, still comparatively isolated on Highway 154 in Louisiana's Bienville Parish, is commemorated by two markers — one of stone (now almost destroyed by souvenir thieves), and a newer one of metal^ .

A 1944 Spanish language version was produced in Mexico. Furthermore, the 2003 Jay-Z and Beyoncé Knowles song and music video, "Bonnie and Clyde '03" is based on the two bank robbers. The movie was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Greta Garbo). The movie inspired Milton Benjamin to write and publish a song called "I'll Love Like Robert Taylor, Be My Greta Garbo". The first film based on Bonnie and Clyde was made only three years after their deaths and titled You Only Live Once, starring Henry Fonda and Sylvia Sydney. It stars Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor and Lionel Barrymore. Dorothy Provine also starred in the 1958 movie The Bonnie Parker Story. It was adapted by Zoe Akins, Frances Marion and James Hilton, and directed by George Cukor. The next year Brigitte Bardot interpreted a Serge Gainsbourg song about them.

Arguably the most famous version was the 1936 Hollywood version. Bonnie and Clyde, which starred Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, was critically acclaimed and contributed significantly to the glamorous image of the criminal pair. It stars Yvonne Printemps and Pierre Fresnay. In 1967, Arthur Penn directed a romanticized film version of the tale. It was adapted by Abel Gance and directed by Gance and Fernand Rivers. (Ford received a similar letter around the same time from someone claiming to be John Dillinger and used both for car advertisements.) Bonnie's aforementioned poem, "The Story of Bonnie and Clyde," was published in several newspapers. The first sound version was made in French in 1934, called La Dame aux camélias. Clyde is alleged to have written a letter to the Ford Motor Company praising their "dandy car," signing it "Clyde Champion Barrow", though the handwriting has never been authenticated.

There are no known copies of this film extant. Bonnie and Clyde were among the first celebrity criminals of the modern era. It stars Norma Talmadge and Gilbert Roland. Clyde Barrow is buried in the Western Heights Cemetery and Bonnie Parker in the Crown Hill Memorial Park, both in Dallas, Texas. It was directed by Fred Niblo.
. A 1926 version was adapted by Fred De Gresac, George Marion Jr., Olga Printzlau and Chandler Sprague. With the growing outcry over the Bonnie and Clyde crime spree in which law enforcement had been thwarted repeatedly, even officials from outside Louisiana had been given a free hand toward the goal of ending it.

It stars Uno Henning and Tora Teje. Some of the posse, including Frank Hamer, took and kept for themselves stolen guns that were found in the death car, with the approval of Lee Simmons, "Special Escape Investigator for the Texas Prison System". A 1925 Swedish film called Damen med kameliorna was adapted and directed by Olof Molander. Oakley is reported to have been haunted for the rest of his life by his actions that day. It stars Alla Nazimova and Rudolph Valentino. The posse was led by former Texas Ranger captain Frank Hamer, who had never before seen Bonnie or Clyde. Controversy lingers over whether Bonnie Parker should have been killed, and whether the first shot, fired into Clyde Barrow's head by Prentis Oakley with a borrowed Remington Model 8, was too hasty. Smallwood. Bonnie and Clyde were ambushed and gunned down May 23, 1934, on a desolate road near their hide-out in Black Lake, Louisiana, by a posse of four Texas and two Louisiana officers (the Louisiana pair added solely for jurisdictional reasons, an aspect of pre-FBI America that Clyde had exploited to its fullest when selecting robbery and hideout locations).

A 1921 version was adapted by June Mathis and directed by Ray C. Clyde Barrow and Henry Methvin killed two young highway patrolmen near Grapevine, Texas, on April 1, 1934, and another policeman five days later near Commerce, Oklahoma. It stars Theda Bara, Alan Roscoe, Walter Law, Glen White, Alice Gale, Claire Whitney and Richard Barthelmess. Again, they escaped. Gordon Edwards. Bonnie and Clyde regrouped and, on November 22, 1933, were ambushed yet again, this time as they were meeting family members at an impromptu rendezvous near Sowers, Texas. In 1917 an American film was made, adapted by Adrian Johnson and directed by J. Buck died five days later, in a Perry, Iowa hospital.

It stars Hesperia, Alberto Collo and Ida Carloni Talli. escaped on foot. It was directed by Baldassarre Negroni and Gustavo Serena. Clyde, Bonnie, and W.D. An Italian language film was also made in the same year, called La Signora delle camelie. Buck was shot several more times, and he and Blanche were captured. It was adapted by Frances Marion and directed by Albert Capellani, and stars Clara Kimball Young, Paul Capellani, Lillian Cook and Robert Cummings. On July 24, 1933, the Barrow gang was ambushed at an abandoned park near Dexter, Iowa.

In 1915, an English language film, the first one to use the name Camille, was made. Buck Barrow was shot in the head, and Blanche was nearly blinded from glass fragments in her eye. The prospects for holding out against the ensuing manhunt dwindled. It stars Sarah Bernhardt. At a high price, the gang escaped once again. In 1910, a French language silent film was made, directed by André Calmettes and Henri Pouctal. He assembled a large group, complete with an armored car, but law enforcement was still no match for the firepower of the Barrows, who had recently robbed an armory. Directed by Viggo Larsen, it stars Oda Alstrup, Larsen, Gustave Lund and Robert Storm Petersen. Combined with the other reports of suspicious behavior, the sheriff was confident he was on the trail of the Barrow gang.

The first movie based on the work was a Danish silent film version in 1907 called Kameliadamen. A Platte City druggist called the sheriff when Blanche bought medical supplies for Bonnie. Like the novel, the films tell the story of gay romance in Paris in the 1840s, and one young woman who wins the heart of a wealthy young man, but gives him up for his own good. After the Joplin shootout, several states had issued alerts for any unknown people buying medical supplies. The novel was also the basis for Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata. The gang moved several times, eventually renting two cabins near Platte City, Missouri in July. Camille is the name of several films based on the 1852 novel and play La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils. Jones, and killed a city marshal.

After meeting up with Blanche and Buck Barrow again, they stayed at one place until Buck bungled a local robbery with W.D. When finally away, their latest hostages released, Clyde insisted that Bonnie be allowed to convalesce. Though she was seriously injured, Clyde's first requirement was to get them out of the area — a difficult task with the attention drawn by the accident. It rolled, and Bonnie was trapped in the passenger seat as battery acid leaked onto her right leg.

Jones and Bonnie, Clyde missed some construction signs, dropping the car into a ravine. In June 1933, while driving with W.D. Sleeping peacefully was nearly impossible. Even with thousands of dollars from a bank robbery, sleeping in a bed was a luxury for a member of the Barrow gang.

Short tempers led to regular arguments. One member was always assigned watch. Clyde was a machine behind the wheel, driving dangerous roads and searching for places where they might sleep or have a meal without being discovered. Blanche Barrow recounts in a recently published manuscript^  much of what it was like to be constantly running.

Despite the glamorous image often associated with the Barrow gang, they were desperate and discontent. Afterward, Bonnie and Clyde draped coats or hats over the license plates of their stolen vehicles when taking pictures. The film was developed by the Joplin Globe, and yielded many now famous photos, two of which are shown above. Jones was wounded, and they had left most of their possessions at the rented apartment — including a camera with an exposed roll of pictures.

The Barrow gang was able to get away at Joplin, but W.D. The survivors later testified that they had fired only a combined fourteen rounds in the conflict. Contrary to the account popularized in the 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde, after the initial volley, Blanche Barrow was seen walking down the driveway and into the street with almost surreal calm, trying to coax her runaway dog back to the garage and into the car. Jones quickly killed one lawman and fatally wounded another. He and W.D.

Though caught by surprise, Clyde, noted for his cool under fire, was gaining far more experience in gun battles than most lawmen. Not knowing what awaited them, local lawmen assembled only a two-car force to confront the suspected bootleggers living in the rented apartment over a garage. As was common with Bonnie and Clyde, their next brush with the law arose from their generally suspicious behavior, not because their identity was discovered. By April, he and his wife Blanche were living with Clyde, Bonnie, and W.D. Jones in a temporary hideout in Joplin, Missouri — according to some accounts, merely to visit and attempt to talk Clyde into giving himself up.

On March 22, 1933, Clyde's brother Buck was granted a full pardon and released from prison. Many of their crimes were committed in remote areas, with few witnesses and limited forensics capabilities. Given the gang's relatively long crime spree, combined with the large number of guns, cars, and people that floated through it, history books can only speculate with regard to details and direct responsibility for many robberies and killings assigned to Bonnie and Clyde. Jones, Buck Barrow, Joe Palmer, and Henry Methvin.

Other members of the Barrow gang known or thought to have murdered are Raymond Hamilton, W.D. Clyde was a probable shooter in approximately ten murders. However, though there's no solid evidence that Bonnie ever shot or killed anyone, Clyde and many of his partners would not hesitate to shoot anybody, civilian or lawman, if they felt their own safety or mobility were in jeopardy. Stories of these encounters may have contributed to the mythic aura of Bonnie and Clyde — a couple reviled and adored by the same public.

Between 1932 and 1934, there were several incidents in which the Barrow gang kidnapped lawmen or robbery victims, usually releasing them far from home, sometimes with money to help them get back. That was the first killing of a lawman by what was later known as the Barrow gang. When they were approached by the local Sheriff and his undersheriff, Clyde and Ray Hamilton opened fire, killing the undersheriff. However, the wife of the murder victim was shown a photo of Clyde by police, and she selected him as one of the shooters. In August 1932, while Bonnie was visiting her mother, Clyde and two associates happened to be drinking at a dance in Oklahoma (illegal under prohibition).

While Bonnie had been in jail, Clyde had participated in the murder of a store owner during a robbery, albeit only as the driver. Having spent two months in the Kaufman, Texas jail, Bonnie returned to Dallas in June of 1932, and was soon back on the road with Clyde. She claimed to have been kidnapped, and a grand jury failed to indict her. Clyde escaped, and Bonnie and Fults were arrested.

Though Clyde's astounding driving skill and ability to evade capture were later grudgingly respected by law enforcement, this situation ended poorly, perhaps because the gang was finally reduced to stealing mules for transportation in the Texas farm country. The incident followed a pattern for Bonnie and Clyde that persisted until their deaths — desperate evasion at high speed down often impassable roads, stealing cars and swapping stolen plates regularly. They escaped after exchanging fire, rejoined Bonnie, and attempted to leave the "hot" area. In April, a night watchman saw Barrow and Ralph Fults breaking into a hardware store (the exact location of the store is disputed; local newspapers reported that it was Mabank, Texas).

He recruited help, and set about arming and financing the operation. However, he returned to Texas within weeks, embroiled in a plan to raid Eastham prison and free associate Raymond Hamilton and others. After his release in 1932, Clyde moved to Massachusetts, purportedly to make a clean start. A prisoner serving a life sentence took the blame willingly for this killing.

It was there, at Eastham Camp 1, that it appears he first killed another man — a fellow prisoner named "Big Ed" — who is alleged to have beaten and raped Clyde. Except for a one-week escape ending with his recapture in Ohio, Clyde remained incarcerated in the Texas state prison at Eastham Farm until early 1932. They arrested him there, and he was sentenced to prison for 2 years (seven concurrent, 2-year terms for burglary and auto theft). By mid-February 1930, Clyde and Bonnie were seeing each other regularly, to the point where the police staked out her mother's house, hoping to catch the wanted Barrow.

Nobody guessed where it would lead."^ . Nobody thought it was anything special. "A bored, lonely, young, out-of-work waitress, abandoned by her imprisoned husband, goes over to her brother's house and meets a charming young fellow. Clarence's sister had a social gathering the evening of January 5, 1930 in the Dallas neighborhood of Oak Cliff.

There is some disagreement over how Bonnie and Clyde first met, but the most prevalent story is that it was through his friend Clarence Clay. Though known for robbing banks, he preferred smaller jobs, robbing grocery stores and filling stations at a rate far outpacing the ten to fifteen bank robberies attributed to him and the Barrow gang. However, despite holding down "square" jobs during the period 1927 through 1929, he also cracked safes, burgled stores, and stole cars. In both of these instances there is the remote possibility that Clyde acted without criminal intent.

His second arrest, with brother Buck Barrow, came soon after — this time for possession of stolen goods (turkeys). He was first arrested in late 1926, after running when police confronted him over a rental car he'd failed to return on time. Clyde "Champion" Chestnut Barrow was born on March 24, 1909, in Telico, Texas, (near Dallas), one of many children in a poor farming family. Her poem "The Story of Bonnie and Clyde" is a remarkably personal account of their crime spree and looming demise.

She was fond of creative writing and the arts. At only 4 feet 10 inches, she was a stalwart and loyal companion to Clyde Barrow as they evaded capture and awaited the violent, early deaths they viewed as certain. Often portrayed as Clyde Barrow's equal in crime, Bonnie's role in the many robberies, murders, and auto thefts of the Barrow gang was usually limited to logistics support. Although he was sentenced to 5 years in prison shortly thereafter, they never divorced, and Bonnie was wearing Roy Thornton's wedding ring when she died.

Her husband soon drifted away in spurts, once for over a year, and in January 1929, she told him they were through. Noted for homesickness throughout her short life, she longed to be near her mother, Emma Parker. She married Roy Thornton on September 25, 1926 — a short-lived pairing. Bonnie Parker (full name) was born October 1, 1910, in Rowena, Texas.

They captivated the attention of the American press and its readership during what is sometimes referred to as the public enemy era between 1931 and 1935, a period which led to the formation of the F.B.I. Their exploits, along with those of other criminals such as John Dillinger and Ma Barker, were notorious across the nation. Bonnie and Clyde (Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow) were famous bank robbers who traveled the southwestern United States during the Great Depression, often with various members of the Barrow gang.

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