BMW Z3

The BMW Z3 was the first modern mass-market roadster produced by BMW, as well as the first BMW model assembled in the United States. It was introduced as a 1996 model year vehicle, shortly after being featured in the James Bond movie, GoldenEye. There were a few variants of the car before its production run ended in 2002, including a coupe version for 1999. It was manufactured and assembled in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The Z3 was replaced by the BMW Z4 in late 2002 at the Paris Auto Show.

Overview

The Z3 was developed from the E36 platform of the 3 Series. The resulting platform is sometimes referred to as the E36/7. The rear semi-trailing arm suspension from the E30 was used rather than the more sophisticated multilink suspension from the E36. At first, just the 1.9 L M44B19 straight-4 engine was offered, though its 138 hp made the car less of a performer than many buyers wanted. Interior appointments, too, were not up to the standard of other BMW models, and the plastic rear window looked especially bad compared to the glass unit found on the much-cheaper 1999 Mazda Miata.

BMW Z3

This little four was complemented by a pair of straight-6es in 1997, the 2.3 L and 2.8 L M52B28. The 2.8 L engine, taken from the 328i, was especially desirable with its 189 hp. The M Roadster (see below) appeared in 1998 with a 3.2 L S52B32 I6, just as the four was retired.

All of the engines were replaced when the car was freshened for 2001. Now, the range consisted of the 2.5 L M52B25, 3.0 L M52B30, and (for the M Roadster) 3.2 L S54B32. All three of these straight-6 engines lasted through the end of the car's run in 2002. Also freshened was the car's interior appointments, though the plastic window remained.

The Z3 proved quite reliable, with problems limited to bad oxygen sensors, a flimsy plastic water pump, and failing rear shock mounts. The car's retro styling was popular, and Z3s have held their value fairly well in the resale market.

M Roadster

From 1998 to 2002, the Motorsports division of BMW produced the M Roadster which included suspension upgrades and the engine from the BMW M3. The 1998, 1999 and 2000 M roadster had the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 M3 into it with quad exhaust. The 2001 and 2002 models had the S54 motor from the E46 M3. There were also interior upgrades with additional gauges in the center console, lighted "M" shift knob, various chrome bits throughout the cockpit and sport seats as standard equipment. Exterior changes were larger wheels spaced further apart and more aggressive fenders than were installed on the regular Z3. Hardtops were available as an option.

Coupe

In addition to the roadster version of the Z3, BMW also released a coupe featuring a chassis-stiffening rear hatch area. The coupe was available as the Z3 Coupe from 1999 to 2001 or as the BMW Motorsport-enhanced M Coupe from 1999 to 2002.

The Z3 Coupes were only available with the largest 6-cylinder engine offered in the Z3 roadster: the 2.8 L in 1999 and 2000 and the 3.0 L in 2001. The 1999 and 2000 M models were equipped with the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 BMW M3, while all the 2001 and 2002 models came with the S54 motor from the E46 BMW M3.

Famous Owners

George O'Callaghan - Professional footballer.

Awards

The M Coupe/M Roadster made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1999.

References

  • Nick Pon (2005). Affordable Sports. Sports Car International 21 (6): 96.

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The M Coupe/M Roadster made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1999. Buttons are measured in lignes or lines, with 40 lignes equal to 1 inch. George O'Callaghan - Professional footballer.
. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 BMW M3, while all the 2001 and 2002 models came with the S54 motor from the E46 BMW M3. Functional buttons for clothing became widespread with the rise of snug-fitting clothing in 13th and 14th century Europe. The 1999 and 2000 M models were equipped with the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Buttons and button-like objects used as ornaments rather than fasteners have been discovered in the ancient Indus Valley (circa 2800-2600 BC), Bronze Age sites in China (circa 2000-1500 BC), and are attested in Ancient Rome.

The Z3 Coupes were only available with the largest 6-cylinder engine offered in the Z3 roadster: the 2.8 L in 1999 and 2000 and the 3.0 L in 2001. . The coupe was available as the Z3 Coupe from 1999 to 2001 or as the BMW Motorsport-enhanced M Coupe from 1999 to 2002..
. In addition to the roadster version of the Z3, BMW also released a coupe featuring a chassis-stiffening rear hatch area. Buttons may be manufactured from an extremely broad variety of materials, including horn, shell, bone and antler, ivory, metal, plastic, celluloid, glass, thread, and wood. Hardtops were available as an option. Functional buttons work by slipping the buttons through a fabric or thread loop, or by sliding the button through a slit called a buttonhole.

Exterior changes were larger wheels spaced further apart and more aggressive fenders than were installed on the regular Z3. A button is small disc- or knob-shaped object attached to cloth or an article of clothing in order to secure an opening, or for ornamentation. There were also interior upgrades with additional gauges in the center console, lighted "M" shift knob, various chrome bits throughout the cockpit and sport seats as standard equipment. A bar is a row of perpendicular hand or machine stitching to reinforce the ends of a buttonhole. The 2001 and 2002 models had the S54 motor from the E46 M3. A keyhole buttonhole is a worked or machine-made buttonhole with a round hole at the end of the slit to accommodate the button's shank without distorting the fabric; keyhole buttonholes are most often found on tailored coats and jackets. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 M3 into it with quad exhaust. A bound buttonhole's raw edges are encased in a piece of fabric or trim.

The 1998, 1999 and 2000 M roadster had the 3.2L S52 (U.S. A machine-made buttonhole is usually sewn with two parallel rows of machine sewing in a narrow zig-zag stitch, with the ends finished in a broader zig-zag stitch. From 1998 to 2002, the Motorsports division of BMW produced the M Roadster which included suspension upgrades and the engine from the BMW M3. A worked buttonhole has raw (cut) edges finished with hand sewing, usually in a buttonhole stitch. The car's retro styling was popular, and Z3s have held their value fairly well in the resale market. Pairs of mandarin buttons worn as cuff links are called silk knots. The Z3 proved quite reliable, with problems limited to bad oxygen sensors, a flimsy plastic water pump, and failing rear shock mounts. Mandarin buttons are a key element in Mandarin dress (Qi Pao in Chinese), where they are closed with loops.

Also freshened was the car's interior appointments, though the plastic window remained. Mandarin buttons are knobs made of intricately knotted strings. All three of these straight-6 engines lasted through the end of the car's run in 2002. Worked or cloth buttons are created by embroidering or crocheting tight stitches (usually with linen thread) over a knob or ring called a form. Now, the range consisted of the 2.5 L M52B25, 3.0 L M52B30, and (for the M Roadster) 3.2 L S54B32. Flat buttons may be attached by sewing machine rather than by hand, and may be used with heavy fabrics by working a thread shank to extend the height of the button above the fabric. All of the engines were replaced when the car was freshened for 2001. Flat or sew-through buttons have two or four holes punched through the button through which the thread is sewn to attach the button.

The M Roadster (see below) appeared in 1998 with a 3.2 L S52B32 I6, just as the four was retired. Covered buttons are fabric-covered forms with a separate back piece that secures the fabric over the knob. The 2.8 L engine, taken from the 328i, was especially desirable with its 189 hp. Shank buttons have a small ring or a bar with a hole called the shank protruding from the back of the button, through which thread is sewn to attach the button. This little four was complemented by a pair of straight-6es in 1997, the 2.3 L and 2.8 L M52B28. Interior appointments, too, were not up to the standard of other BMW models, and the plastic rear window looked especially bad compared to the glass unit found on the much-cheaper 1999 Mazda Miata.

At first, just the 1.9 L M44B19 straight-4 engine was offered, though its 138 hp made the car less of a performer than many buyers wanted. The rear semi-trailing arm suspension from the E30 was used rather than the more sophisticated multilink suspension from the E36. The resulting platform is sometimes referred to as the E36/7. The Z3 was developed from the E36 platform of the 3 Series.

. The Z3 was replaced by the BMW Z4 in late 2002 at the Paris Auto Show. It was manufactured and assembled in Spartanburg, South Carolina. There were a few variants of the car before its production run ended in 2002, including a coupe version for 1999.

It was introduced as a 1996 model year vehicle, shortly after being featured in the James Bond movie, GoldenEye. The BMW Z3 was the first modern mass-market roadster produced by BMW, as well as the first BMW model assembled in the United States. Sports Car International 21 (6): 96.. Affordable Sports.

Nick Pon (2005).

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