BMW Z3

The BMW Z3 was the first modern mass-market roadster produced by BMW, as well as the first BMW model assembled in the United States. It was introduced as a 1996 model year vehicle, shortly after being featured in the James Bond movie, GoldenEye. There were a few variants of the car before its production run ended in 2002, including a coupe version for 1999. It was manufactured and assembled in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The Z3 was replaced by the BMW Z4 in late 2002 at the Paris Auto Show.

Overview

The Z3 was developed from the E36 platform of the 3 Series. The resulting platform is sometimes referred to as the E36/7. The rear semi-trailing arm suspension from the E30 was used rather than the more sophisticated multilink suspension from the E36. At first, just the 1.9 L M44B19 straight-4 engine was offered, though its 138 hp made the car less of a performer than many buyers wanted. Interior appointments, too, were not up to the standard of other BMW models, and the plastic rear window looked especially bad compared to the glass unit found on the much-cheaper 1999 Mazda Miata.

BMW Z3

This little four was complemented by a pair of straight-6es in 1997, the 2.3 L and 2.8 L M52B28. The 2.8 L engine, taken from the 328i, was especially desirable with its 189 hp. The M Roadster (see below) appeared in 1998 with a 3.2 L S52B32 I6, just as the four was retired.

All of the engines were replaced when the car was freshened for 2001. Now, the range consisted of the 2.5 L M52B25, 3.0 L M52B30, and (for the M Roadster) 3.2 L S54B32. All three of these straight-6 engines lasted through the end of the car's run in 2002. Also freshened was the car's interior appointments, though the plastic window remained.

The Z3 proved quite reliable, with problems limited to bad oxygen sensors, a flimsy plastic water pump, and failing rear shock mounts. The car's retro styling was popular, and Z3s have held their value fairly well in the resale market.

M Roadster

From 1998 to 2002, the Motorsports division of BMW produced the M Roadster which included suspension upgrades and the engine from the BMW M3. The 1998, 1999 and 2000 M roadster had the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 M3 into it with quad exhaust. The 2001 and 2002 models had the S54 motor from the E46 M3. There were also interior upgrades with additional gauges in the center console, lighted "M" shift knob, various chrome bits throughout the cockpit and sport seats as standard equipment. Exterior changes were larger wheels spaced further apart and more aggressive fenders than were installed on the regular Z3. Hardtops were available as an option.

Coupe

In addition to the roadster version of the Z3, BMW also released a coupe featuring a chassis-stiffening rear hatch area. The coupe was available as the Z3 Coupe from 1999 to 2001 or as the BMW Motorsport-enhanced M Coupe from 1999 to 2002.

The Z3 Coupes were only available with the largest 6-cylinder engine offered in the Z3 roadster: the 2.8 L in 1999 and 2000 and the 3.0 L in 2001. The 1999 and 2000 M models were equipped with the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 BMW M3, while all the 2001 and 2002 models came with the S54 motor from the E46 BMW M3.

Famous Owners

George O'Callaghan - Professional footballer.

Awards

The M Coupe/M Roadster made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1999.

References

  • Nick Pon (2005). Affordable Sports. Sports Car International 21 (6): 96.

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The M Coupe/M Roadster made Car and Driver magazine's Ten Best list for 1999.
. George O'Callaghan - Professional footballer. Currently, the only Buick vehicle sold in Taiwan is the imported Rendezvous. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 BMW M3, while all the 2001 and 2002 models came with the S54 motor from the E46 BMW M3. In December 2004, General Motors signed a memorandum of understanding with Yulon, a firm based in Taiwan, for the licensed manufacture of Buick vehicles there. The 1999 and 2000 M models were equipped with the 3.2L S52 (U.S. Buick has stated that it expects China to become its second largest market.

The Z3 Coupes were only available with the largest 6-cylinder engine offered in the Z3 roadster: the 2.8 L in 1999 and 2000 and the 3.0 L in 2001. Since then, Shanghai GM has replaced it with the Chevrolet Sail. The coupe was available as the Z3 Coupe from 1999 to 2001 or as the BMW Motorsport-enhanced M Coupe from 1999 to 2002.. Buick previously marketed the subcompact Sail, sourced from GM's Asian operations and based on the Opel Corsa B, until 2005. In addition to the roadster version of the Z3, BMW also released a coupe featuring a chassis-stiffening rear hatch area. In June, 2005, Buick announced that it will build a car named the Buick Royaum in Australia for export to China, based on the Holden Statesman and Caprice luxury cars. Hardtops were available as an option. In addition, Buick of China also sells the compact Excelle (based on the Daewoo Lacetti/Nubira), a five-door hatchback version called the HRV, and a modified version of the Terraza minivan named the GL8.

Exterior changes were larger wheels spaced further apart and more aggressive fenders than were installed on the regular Z3. Since 1999, a Chinese version of the Buick Century/Regal has been produced and sold in China under Shanghai GM and has proven to be popular among upscale, professional families, establishing Buick as GM's most popular brand in China. There were also interior upgrades with additional gauges in the center console, lighted "M" shift knob, various chrome bits throughout the cockpit and sport seats as standard equipment. Buicks used to be sold throughout the Middle East until the Buick Roadmaster was discontinued. The 2001 and 2002 models had the S54 motor from the E46 M3. For the 2006 model year, the Buick LaCrosse will be sold alongside the Rendezvous, which might replace the LeSabre in sales. Spec) or S50 (Europe) motor from the E36 M3 into it with quad exhaust. In the 2005 model year, the Buick LeSabre and Buick Rendezvous were sold.

The 1998, 1999 and 2000 M roadster had the 3.2L S52 (U.S. (UMI), which also imports other GM vehicles. From 1998 to 2002, the Motorsports division of BMW produced the M Roadster which included suspension upgrades and the engine from the BMW M3. In Israel, Buicks are imported by Universal Motors, Ltd. The car's retro styling was popular, and Z3s have held their value fairly well in the resale market. However, at the end of World War II, the Buick name was not revived. The Z3 proved quite reliable, with problems limited to bad oxygen sensors, a flimsy plastic water pump, and failing rear shock mounts. Back then, they were also built at the GMNZ plant in Petone, outside Wellington.

Also freshened was the car's interior appointments, though the plastic window remained. Buicks used to be sold in New Zealand. All three of these straight-6 engines lasted through the end of the car's run in 2002. However, Buick has attracted a considerable market in a few countries. Now, the range consisted of the 2.5 L M52B25, 3.0 L M52B30, and (for the M Roadster) 3.2 L S54B32. Currently most Buick sales are restricted to the United States and Canada. All of the engines were replaced when the car was freshened for 2001. In pre-World War II China, one in five cars were Buicks.

The M Roadster (see below) appeared in 1998 with a 3.2 L S52B32 I6, just as the four was retired. Some Buicks were also built in Europe or were available with specific trim for european market until 1996. The 2.8 L engine, taken from the 328i, was especially desirable with its 189 hp. Unlike some of GM's other brands, Buicks are currently not marketed globally, although the marque had a substantial export presence until a few years ago. This little four was complemented by a pair of straight-6es in 1997, the 2.3 L and 2.8 L M52B28. The Buick V8 engine, nicknamed the "nailhead", became popular with hot-rodders in the 1950s and 1960s, because the vertical attachment of the valve covers, in contrast to the angled attachment of other V-8 engines, enabled the engine to fit into smaller spaces while maintaining easy access for maintenance. Interior appointments, too, were not up to the standard of other BMW models, and the plastic rear window looked especially bad compared to the glass unit found on the much-cheaper 1999 Mazda Miata. This waterfall grille bears some resemblance to grilles of Buicks from the 1980s, such as the Grand National.

At first, just the 1.9 L M44B19 straight-4 engine was offered, though its 138 hp made the car less of a performer than many buyers wanted. It appears Buick may be preparing to abandon this styling cue for a new waterfall grille, as seen on the Buick Velite concept car from 2004 and the Buick Lucerne introduced for the 2006 model year. The rear semi-trailing arm suspension from the E30 was used rather than the more sophisticated multilink suspension from the E36. This has sometimes been called the Buick "dollar grin," particularly on the early 1950s models, which had thick, highly-polished ribs which did somewhat resemble teeth. The resulting platform is sometimes referred to as the E36/7. The one Buick styling cue (dating from the 1940s) which has most often reappeared, though, is for the grille to be a horizontal oval with many thin vertical chromed ribs bulging forward. The Z3 was developed from the E36 platform of the 3 Series. Since then, wide taillamps have been a Buick hallmark.

. In the early 1960s, most models began to evolve a wide, rectangular pattern, until the '65 Skylark and Electra models appeared with full-width rear lamps. The Z3 was replaced by the BMW Z4 in late 2002 at the Paris Auto Show. During the 1950s, the characteristic form of the Buick taillamps was a tier of small circular bullet-shapes. It was manufactured and assembled in Spartanburg, South Carolina. After that, the curved line was usually indicated either by a vinyl rub strip or simply a character line molded into the sheetmetal. There were a few variants of the car before its production run ended in 2002, including a coupe version for 1999. During the two-tone color craze of the 1950s, the sweepspear separated two different color areas.

It was introduced as a 1996 model year vehicle, shortly after being featured in the James Bond movie, GoldenEye. In the earlier cars, this was a chrome-plated rub strip which, after it passed the front wheel, gently curved down nearly to the rocker panel just before the rear wheel, and then curved around the rear wheel in a quarter of a circle to go straight back to the tail-light. The BMW Z3 was the first modern mass-market roadster produced by BMW, as well as the first BMW model assembled in the United States. Another styling cue during the 1940s - 1970s was the sweepspear, a curved line running the length of the car. Sports Car International 21 (6): 96.. In a break with tradition, the Lucerne's portholes refer directly to engine configuration--six-cylinder models have six, while V-8's have eight. Affordable Sports. After the Park Avenue was discontinued, Buick salvaged the portholes to appear on the new Lucerne.

Nick Pon (2005). In 2003 they were re-introduced on the Buick Park Avenue. Lower cost models were equipped with three portholes, while higher cost models came with four; when the number of portholes was standardized across the entire model line, buyers of the higher cost models complained bitterly that they felt shortchanged. These were originally called Ventiports (later just portholes), and have appeared sporadically on several models since, as nonfunctional ornamentation. The source of this design feature was a custom car (one not made by Buick), which in addition had a flashing light within each hole, each synchronized with a specific spark plug - a feature not used by Buick.

A traditional Buick styling cue dating to 1949 is a series of three or four portholes or vents on the front fender behind the front wheels. A version of the traditional crest appeared on Electras through the 70s. The shields are adopted from the shield of the Buick family crest, which in modified form had been used on Buicks since the 30s. This design, known as the Trishield, was adopted in 1959 for the 1960 models and represents the three models that comprised the lineup that year—LeSabre, Invicta, and Electra.

If represented in color, the leftmost shield is red, the middle white, and the rightmost blue, although white is sometimes represented by light gray. Buick's emblem consists of three shields, each bisected diagonally to the right by a straight line, the shields arranged touching each other in a left-diagonal pattern, inside a circle. This will leave the marque with just three models by 2009. The company will replace both of its SUVs, the Rendezvous and Rainier with the Enclave within 18 months, while the slow-selling Terraza minivan likely to end production shortly after.

Buick began consolidating its lineup in 2005, replacing the Century and Regal with the LaCrosse, and the LeSabre and Park Avenue with the Lucerne the next year. However, with the development of the Zeta platform apparently still ongoing (including the development of the 2006 VE Holden Commodore), it may be likely that Buick will survive still. Speculation [1] exists, however, as to whether GM will repeat its termination of the Oldsmobile by eliminating the Buick brand in order to further cut costs, following the temporary suspension of GM's planned Zeta project to develop new rear wheel drive cars which would have fit the Buick market niche [2], and the consolidation of Buick, Pontiac, and GMC trucks into a single dealer franchise, which would make it simple to eliminate the Buick brand without leaving any dealers with no product. The ideal Buick customer was comfortably off; possibly not quite rich enough to afford a Cadillac or not desiring the ostentation of one, but definitely in the market for a car a cut above the norm.

Even today, Buick retains that position in the GM lineup. In 1929, the marque launched the Marquette designed to help bridge the price gap between Buick and Oldsmobile, however the Marquette was discontinued in 1930. He wanted each General Motors division to target one class of buyer, and in his new scheme Buick was near the top—only the luxurious Cadillac brand had more prestige. At first, the different manufacturers who comprised General Motors competed against each other, but Durant put a stop to that.

Using the profits from this, Durant embarked on a series of several dozen corporate acquisitions, calling his new mega-corporation General Motors. Durant was a natural, however, and Buick soon became the largest car maker in America. Buick himself unwisely sold his stock for a small sum at his departure, and died in very modest circumstances forty years later. Durant to manage his new acquisition.

In 1904 the struggling company was taken over by James Whiting, who brought in William C. Buick originated as an independent motor car manufacturer, the Buick Motor Company, incorporated on May 19, 1903 by the Scottish-American David Dunbar Buick (who invented the overhead valve engine on which the company's success was based) in Flint, Michigan. . The name is pronounced "B-YOO-ick" (IPA 'bjuIk).

Buicks are sold in North America, China, Taiwan, and Israel. Buick is a brand of automobile built in the United States, Canada, and China by General Motors Corporation. Buick Velite (2004). Buick Centieme (2003).

Buick Bengal (2001). Buick Blackhawk (2000). 2000 Buick LaCrosse (2000). Buick Cielo (1999).

Buick Signia (1998). Buick XP2000 (1996). Buick Sceptre (1992). Buick Bolero (1990).

1988 Buick Lucerne (1988). 1985 Buick Wildcat (1985). Buick Questor (1983). Buick Riviera Silver Arrow I (1963).

1956 Buick Centurion (1956). Buick Wildcat III (1955). Buick Wildcat II (1954). Buick Wildcat I (1953).

Buick XP-300 (1951). 1951 Buick LeSabre (1951). Buick Y-Job (1938). Marquette.

Buick Wildcat (1963 - 1970). Buick Terraza (2005 - Current). Buick Super (1940 - 1958). Buick Sport Wagon (1964 - 1971).

Buick Special (1936 - 1958, 1961 - 1969). Buick Somerset (1985 - 1987). Buick Skylark (1953 - 1954, 1961 - 1972, 1975 - 1998). Buick Skyhawk (1975 - 1980, 1982 - 1989).

Buick Royaum (2005 - Current, only sold in China). Buick Roadmaster (1936 - 1958, 1991 - 1996). Buick Riviera (1963 - 1999). Buick Rendezvous (2002 - Current).

Buick Regal (1973 - 2004). Buick Reatta (1988 - 1991). Buick Rainier (2004 - Current). Buick Park Avenue (1991 - 2005).

Buick Luxus (1973 - 1974). Buick Lucerne (2006 - Current). Buick Limited (1936 - 1942, 1958). Buick LeSabre (1959 - 2005).

Buick LaCrosse (2005 - Current). Buick Invicta (1959 - 1964). Buick GSX (1970 - 1971). Buick Gran Sport (1968 - 1972).

Buick GL8 (2000 - Current, only sold in China). Buick Excelle (2003 - Current, rebadged Daewoo Nubira, only sold in China). Buick Estate Wagon (1940, 1946- 1964, 1970 - 1996). Buick Enclave (2008 - Current).

Buick Electra (1959 - 1990). Buick Eight. Buick Century (1936 - 1942, 1954 - 1958, 1973 - 2005). Buick Centurion (1971 - 1973).

Buick Allure (2005 - Current, only sold in Canada). Buick Apollo (1973 - 1979).

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