Anthrax (band)

This article deals with the American band called Anthrax. For the British band of the same name see: Anthrax (Anarcho-punk band)


Anthrax is a New York City-based heavy metal rock group, who released their first full-length album in 1984. Anthrax was one of the most popular bands from the thrash metal scene in the '80s, and possibly the biggest band to come out of the East Coast thrash scene. The "big-four" of thrash metal invariably includes Metallica, Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax.

They have made several appearances on television shows such as Married with Children and NewsRadio and have appeared in movies such as Run Ronnie Ron (performing as the fictional band Titannica) and Calendar Girls.

History

Anthrax was formed by guitarist Scott Ian, drummer Charlie Benante, bassist Dan Lilker and vocalist Neil Turbin in the early '80s. After signing with Megaforce Records, they released their first full-length album, Fistful of Metal in 1984. It was an inauspicuous debut for a band that would soon rise to the forefront of the thrash metal scene. By 1985 when Anthrax released their first classic album, Spreading the Disease, their lineup had solidified into cohesive unit. The additions of vocalist Joey Belladonna, and bassist Frank Bello brought a much improved sound to band.

Almost immediately Anthrax morphed from a stereo-typical Judas Priest knock-off to the thrash metal style that would garner them so much fame. Mixing equal doses of punk and speed metal along with a generous dose of humor quickly shot them to the fore front of the burgeoning thrash movement. While the other major thrash bands, Metallica, Megadeth and Slayer, were deadly serious, Anthrax wrote songs about comic books and Stephen King novels. Because of this Anthrax appealed to a more general audience even if they were never quite as popular as their contemporaries.

Anthrax was always a band prone to experimentation, and in 1991 they collaborated with pioneering rap artists Public Enemy on a joint version of PE's Bring The Noise. While Run-DMC had worked with Aerosmith back in 1986, Bring The Noise is widely regarded as the very first Rap Rock hybrid as this was the first time a Rock band had fully incorporated Rap into a song. Bring The Noise was a hit and the band had a successful joint tour with Public Enemy. Within a few years bands such as Rage Against The Machine, Korn, Limp Bizkit and a host of others had picked up the Rap/Rock or Rap/Metal mantle and gone on to various degrees of success.

In 1992 Anthrax parted ways with vocalist Joey Belladonna and replaced him with ex-Armored Saint vocalist John Bush. The band jumped ship from Island Records to Electra Records and released Sound of White Noise on the label in 1993. Bush was a more "serious" sounding vocalist and Sound of White Noise was well received by most of the band's audience. Unfortunately the musical landscape of the early '90s was changing drastically; Alternative Rock was the rage, and metal was no longer being pushed by the music industry.

In 1995 the band released Stomp 442 an album which Electra refused to provide real promotion for, and it quickly disappeared without a trace. Obviously upset at what they felt was an attempt by the label to kill the album, Anthrax attempted to sever ties with Electra. During the hiatus long time guitarist Dan Spitz left the band, leaving Anthrax reeling.

Anthrax signed with a small independant label, and in 1998 managed to release Vol.-8 The Threat Is Real, a punishing album which had the potential to return Anthrax to the top of the metal heap. Unfortunately, almost immediately after Volume 8's release, the independant label they were signed to went bankrupt and disappeared, making the album extremely difficult to find. Regrouping the band signed with another label and released a greatest hits album although that label soon went out of business as well. During this time period a two vocalist tour featuring both Joey Belladonna and John Bush was proposed and set to go, until Belladonna decided to pull out at the last minute.

Despite these hardships and various legal entanglements regarding who had the rights to certain albums, Anthrax managed to soldier on. In 2002 new guitarist Rob Caggiano joined the band and the following year the band released We've Come For You All, an album hailed by the metal press as a long awaited return to form. In early 2004 the band returned to the studio to record Greater of Two Evils, a rerecording of the band's early work with the current lineup.

Several members have launched affiliated side-projects, such as Scott Ian's Stormtroopers of Death.

Scott Ian is currently engaged to Meat Loaf's daughter Pearl Aday.

Discography

  • 1984 Fistful of Metal
  • 1985 Armed and Dangerous (EP)
  • 1985 Spreading the Disease
  • 1986 Fistful of Anthrax (live)
  • 1987 Among The Living
  • 1987 I'm the Man (EP)
  • 1988 State of Euphoria
  • 1989 Penikufesin (EP, only released in Europe)
  • 1990 Persistence of Time
  • 1991 Attack of the Killer B's
  • 1993 Sound of White Noise
  • 1994 The Island Years (live)
  • 1995 Stomp 442
  • 1998 Vol.-8 The Threat Is Real
  • 1999 Return of the Killer A's (compilation)
  • 2001 Madhouse - The Very Best of Anthrax (compilation)
  • 2003 We've Come for You All
  • 2004 Music of Mass Destruction (CD/DVD set)
  • 2004 Greater of Two Evils

Band Members

Current members

  • Scott Ian, rhythm guitar
  • John Bush, lead vocals
  • Charlie Benante, drums, guitar
  • Rob Caggiano lead guitar

In March 2004, long-time bassist (and nephew of drummer Benante) Frank Bello left the band amid much speculation. The band has yet to release an official statement about Bello's departure and have recruited Joey Vera (Armored Saint, Fates Warning) as a touring bassist.

Former members

  • Joey Belladonna, lead vocals
  • Frank Bello, bass
  • Paul Crook, lead guitar (touring guitarist only; never an "official" member of the band)
  • Greg D'Angelo, drums
  • Dan Lilker, bass
  • Dan Spitz, lead guitar
  • Neil Turbin, lead vocals

Related Topics

During the terrorist-related anthrax outbreak in the United States in 2001, the band altered their Website to provide information about the disease because many people had come there simply by entering anthrax.com in their Web browsers. Amid what could have become a PR nightmare for the band, they issued a press release (http://www.anthrax.com/html/ANTHRAX_PressRelease.htm) on October 10, 2001 that jokingly mentioned that they were going to change the name of the band to "something more friendly, like 'Basket Full of Puppies.'"


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Amid what could have become a PR nightmare for the band, they issued a press release (http://www.anthrax.com/html/ANTHRAX_PressRelease.htm) on October 10, 2001 that jokingly mentioned that they were going to change the name of the band to "something more friendly, like 'Basket Full of Puppies.'". For a detailed discography, see: Beatles discography. During the terrorist-related anthrax outbreak in the United States in 2001, the band altered their Website to provide information about the disease because many people had come there simply by entering anthrax.com in their Web browsers. Throw in a little Harrison style to spice it up even more, and the whole is greater than the sum of their parts. The band has yet to release an official statement about Bello's departure and have recruited Joey Vera (Armored Saint, Fates Warning) as a touring bassist. A whole album of just John's music would be seen as too sarcastic and schizophrenic to tolerate for 45 minutes, and a whole album of Paul would come off as too sappy. However, when intertwined, the balance is like nothing else. In March 2004, long-time bassist (and nephew of drummer Benante) Frank Bello left the band amid much speculation. To many their real musical power was in the contrasting styles of John and Paul.

Scott Ian is currently engaged to Meat Loaf's daughter Pearl Aday. They are also the basis for Eric Idle's parody band, The Rutles (1978). Several members have launched affiliated side-projects, such as Scott Ian's Stormtroopers of Death. Beatle music is still performed in public by tribute bands such as the Bootleg Beatles, and shows like Beatlemania!. In early 2004 the band returned to the studio to record Greater of Two Evils, a rerecording of the band's early work with the current lineup. It represented one final effort, as McCartney once put it, to "leave 'em laughing". In 2002 new guitarist Rob Caggiano joined the band and the following year the band released We've Come For You All, an album hailed by the metal press as a long awaited return to form. Not wanting to leave things like that, the last album the Beatles recorded, Abbey Road, represented a mature attempt to integrate what they knew, and use recording studio techniques only to improve the songs, rather than to experiment to see what happened.

Despite these hardships and various legal entanglements regarding who had the rights to certain albums, Anthrax managed to soldier on. Some of it (for example "Why Don't We Do It In The Road" and "Wild Honey Pie") were far less complex than much of their material from just a year or two before, and in 1969, the band began to disintegrate during sessions for the abortive Get Back project (which eventually emerged in 1970, much altered, as Let It Be) which had been intended to be a return to more basic songs, avoiding massive editing or otherwise artificial influences on the final output (ironically Let It Be was heavily overdubbed and edited by producer Phil Spector's wall of sound technique). During this time period a two vocalist tour featuring both Joey Belladonna and John Bush was proposed and set to go, until Belladonna decided to pull out at the last minute. Pepper's phase, the creative surge seemed to exhaust itself, and their self-titled double album, largely written in India, reverted to a much simpler style and sometimes to simpler subjects (for example "Birthday"). Regrouping the band signed with another label and released a greatest hits album although that label soon went out of business as well. After the Revolver/Sgt. Unfortunately, almost immediately after Volume 8's release, the independant label they were signed to went bankrupt and disappeared, making the album extremely difficult to find. Parts of this, specifically "It's All Too Much" and "Only A Northern Song", were left over from 1967 and ended up being used only on Yellow Submarine in January 1969 apparently because the Beatles themselves weren't much interested in this as a project and didn't feel inclined to greatly exert themselves producing a lot of new material for it.

Anthrax signed with a small independant label, and in 1998 managed to release Vol.-8 The Threat Is Real, a punishing album which had the potential to return Anthrax to the top of the metal heap. Pepper's reached its height on the Yellow Submarine soundtrack album. During the hiatus long time guitarist Dan Spitz left the band, leaving Anthrax reeling. The extreme complication evident on Sgt. Obviously upset at what they felt was an attempt by the label to kill the album, Anthrax attempted to sever ties with Electra. Now all manner of subjects were introduced, from home repair and circuses to nonsense songs and others that defied description. In 1995 the band released Stomp 442 an album which Electra refused to provide real promotion for, and it quickly disappeared without a trace. The subject matter of the post-touring songs was no longer you, I, love, boy meets girl, etc., and this took them very far from the days in 1963 when their material had shown some similarity with, say, the work of The Hollies.

Unfortunately the musical landscape of the early '90s was changing drastically; Alternative Rock was the rage, and metal was no longer being pushed by the music industry. There had already been a clear trend towards progressively greater complexity both in technique and style, but this now accelerated noticeably, as was evident on "Revolver". Bush was a more "serious" sounding vocalist and Sound of White Noise was well received by most of the band's audience. Reportedly stung by criticism of "Paperback Writer", the Beatles poured their creative energies into the recording studio in a determined attempt to produce material they could be proud of. The band jumped ship from Island Records to Electra Records and released Sound of White Noise on the label in 1993. There was an abrupt change in direction due to the Beatles' decision to stop touring in 1966. In 1992 Anthrax parted ways with vocalist Joey Belladonna and replaced him with ex-Armored Saint vocalist John Bush. "Day Tripper" (1965) and "Hey Bulldog" (1969, recorded 1968) are among the exceptions.

Within a few years bands such as Rage Against The Machine, Korn, Limp Bizkit and a host of others had picked up the Rap/Rock or Rap/Metal mantle and gone on to various degrees of success. Throughout their career, their songs were rarely riff-driven. Bring The Noise was a hit and the band had a successful joint tour with Public Enemy. Their earlier songs were often a bit faster paced. Anthrax was always a band prone to experimentation, and in 1991 they collaborated with pioneering rap artists Public Enemy on a joint version of PE's Bring The Noise. While Run-DMC had worked with Aerosmith back in 1986, Bring The Noise is widely regarded as the very first Rap Rock hybrid as this was the first time a Rock band had fully incorporated Rap into a song. "Penny Lane" (1967) is a good example of this style. Because of this Anthrax appealed to a more general audience even if they were never quite as popular as their contemporaries. In the Beatles' later music, the pace of the songs tends to be moderate, with more of the interest usually (but not always) coming from the melody and the orchestration than the rhythm.

While the other major thrash bands, Metallica, Megadeth and Slayer, were deadly serious, Anthrax wrote songs about comic books and Stephen King novels. While he is mostly appreciated for his gentle comic baritone ("Yellow Submarine" 1966, "Octopus's Garden" 1969), steady drumming, and everyman image, he was likely responsible for the group's occasional interest in surprisingly authentic country sounds ("What Goes On" 1965; "Don't Pass Me By" 1968) and his own performance on Buck Owens' "Act Naturally". Almost immediately Anthrax morphed from a stereo-typical Judas Priest knock-off to the thrash metal style that would garner them so much fame. Mixing equal doses of punk and speed metal along with a generous dose of humor quickly shot them to the fore front of the burgeoning thrash movement. Ringo Starr's contributions to The Beatles' sound are less known compared to the other Beatles, as Starr himself rarely actually wrote songs. The additions of vocalist Joey Belladonna, and bassist Frank Bello brought a much improved sound to band. His later guitar style, while not displaying the virtuosity of Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, became distinctive with its use of clear melodic lines and subtle fills ("Something" [1969], "Let It Be" [1970]) in contrast to the increasingly distorted riffs and rapid-fire guitar solo work of his contemporaries. By 1985 when Anthrax released their first classic album, Spreading the Disease, their lineup had solidified into cohesive unit. Harrison retained Western musical forms in his later compositions, where he emerged as a significant pop composer in his own right, occasionally reprising major themes that indicated his new relationship with Hindustani music and the Hindu god Krishna.

It was an inauspicuous debut for a band that would soon rise to the forefront of the thrash metal scene. Indian music and culture also influenced the band as a whole, with the use of swirling tape loops, droning bass lines, and mantra-like vocals on "Tomorrow Never Knows" (1966) and "Dear Prudence" (1968). After signing with Megaforce Records, they released their first full-length album, Fistful of Metal in 1984. A result of his long and continued collaboration with Sri Ravi Shankar, a famous Hindustani musician, many of his following compositions were based on Hindustani forms, most notably "Love You To" (1966), "Within You, Without You" (1967), and "The Inner Light" (1968). Anthrax was formed by guitarist Scott Ian, drummer Charlie Benante, bassist Dan Lilker and vocalist Neil Turbin in the early '80s. In 1965, George Harrison broke new ground in the West by recording with an Indian sitar on "Norwegian Wood". They have made several appearances on television shows such as Married with Children and NewsRadio and have appeared in movies such as Run Ronnie Ron (performing as the fictional band Titannica) and Calendar Girls. "All My Loving" (1963) and "She's A Woman" (1964) are prime examples of Harrison's early rockabilly guitar work.

The "big-four" of thrash metal invariably includes Metallica, Megadeth, Slayer and Anthrax. George Harrison derived his early guitar style from 1950s rockabilly greats such as Carl Perkins, Scotty Moore (who worked with Elvis Presley), and Duane Eddy. Anthrax was one of the most popular bands from the thrash metal scene in the '80s, and possibly the biggest band to come out of the East Coast thrash scene. "Helter Skelter" (1968) — arguably an early heavy metal song — is a McCartney composition. Anthrax is a New York City-based heavy metal rock group, who released their first full-length album in 1984. Meanwhile, McCartney maintained an affection for the driving R&B of Little Richard in a series of songs which John Lennon dubbed "potboilers", from "I Saw Her Standing There" (1963) to "Lady Madonna" (1968). For the British band of the same name see: Anthrax (Anarcho-punk band). Paul McCartney is perhaps best known as the group's romantic balladeer: beginning with "Yesterday" (1965), he pioneered a modern form of art song, exemplified by "Eleanor Rigby" (1966) and "She's Leaving Home" (1967).

This article deals with the American band called Anthrax. Lennon played the major role in steering the group toward psychedelia "Strawberry Fields Forever" and "I Am the Walrus" from 1967), and renewed his interest in earlier rock forms at the close of the Beatles' career ("Don't Let Me Down" from 1969). Neil Turbin, lead vocals. After becoming acquainted with the work of Bob Dylan, Lennon became influenced heavily by folk music ("You've Got To Hide Your Love Away" and "Norwegian Wood" from 1965). Dan Spitz, lead guitar. John Lennon's early style owed a huge debt to Buddy Holly and Roy Orbison ("Misery" from 1963 and "Please Please Me" from 1963). Dan Lilker, bass. Individually, the four Beatles drew further inspiration from different sources.

Greg D'Angelo, drums. Lennon and McCartney's songwriting partnership had initially been inspired by Goffin and King; Lennon and McCartney's goal when they started was to become the next Goffin and King. Paul Crook, lead guitar (touring guitarist only; never an "official" member of the band). The song-writing of Gerry Goffin and Carole King was yet another influence upon the Beatles, and it could be said that one of the Beatles' many achievements was to marry the relative sophistication of Goffin and King's songs (which used major-seventh chords, for example) with the simplicity of Buddy Holly, Berry and the early rock-and-roll performers. Frank Bello, bass. The Everly Brothers were another major influence on the Beatles, with Lennon and McCartney consciously trying to copy Don and Phil Everly's distinctive two-part harmonies. Joey Belladonna, lead vocals. Another example is the song "Back in the USSR", which contains an overt allusion to the Beach Boys' "California Girls".

Rob Caggiano lead guitar. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. Charlie Benante, drums, guitar. Brian Wilson acknowledges that Rubber Soul challenged him to make Pet Sounds, the album which in turn inspired McCartney's vision of Sgt. John Bush, lead vocals. A significant and acknowledged musical influence was The Beach Boys, who were in turn spurred on by the work of the Beatles. Scott Ian, rhythm guitar. The Beatles were fond of Little Richard, and some of their songs — especially their early work — featured falsetto calls very similar to those Little Richard offered as punctuation in his own songs.

2004 Greater of Two Evils. Chuck Berry's influence is also heard, in an altered form, in later songs such as "Everybody's Got Something to Hide Except Me And My Monkey" (1968) and "Come Together" (1969) (when "Come Together" was released, Chuck Berry sued John Lennon for copyright infringement of his song "You Can't Catch Me", after which the two reached an amicable settlement, the terms of which including that Lennon cover some Chuck Berry songs as a solo artist). 2004 Music of Mass Destruction (CD/DVD set). Chuck Berry was perhaps the most fundamental progenitor of the Beatles' sound; the Beatles covered "Roll Over Beethoven" and "Rock And Roll Music" early in their careers on record (with most other Berry classics heard in their live repertoire). 2003 We've Come for You All. Their distinctive vocal harmonies were influenced by early Motown artists in the U.S. 2001 Madhouse - The Very Best of Anthrax (compilation). Though they drew inspiration from an eclectic variety of sources, their home idiom was closer to pop music.

1999 Return of the Killer A's (compilation). Unlike their contemporaries the Rolling Stones, the Beatles were seldom directly influenced by blues. 1998 Vol.-8 The Threat Is Real. The following is a partial list. 1995 Stomp 442. Throughout their relatively short time recording and performing together, the Beatles set a number of world records — most of which have yet to be broken. 1994 The Island Years (live). Finally, the documentary of a band in terminal decline, Let It Be was shot over an extended period in 1969; the music from this formed the album of the same name, which although recorded before Abbey Road, was (after much contractual to-ing and fro-ing and significant tinkering by producer Phil Spector) their final release.

1993 Sound of White Noise. Nonetheless, it was acclaimed for its boldly innovative graphic style and clever humour as well as the soundtrack. 1991 Attack of the Killer B's. Pepper sessions, "Only A Northern Song". 1990 Persistence of Time. The animated Yellow Submarine followed shortly after, but had little input from the Beatles themselves, save for a live-action epilogue at the film's conclusion, and the contribution of four new songs for the film, including a holdover from the Sgt. 1989 Penikufesin (EP, only released in Europe). The Magical Mystery Tour (the concept of which was adapted from Ken Kesey's Merry Pranksters LSD-oriented bus tour of the USA), was critically slammed when it aired on British television in 1967, but is now considered a cult classic.

1988 State of Euphoria. In 1965 came Help!, a Technicolor extravaganza shot in exotic locations in the style of a James Bond spoof. 1987 I'm the Man (EP). It was a comic farce (often compared to the Marx Brothers) directed in a black-and-white documentary style by the up-and-coming Richard Lester, then known for directing the television version of the Goon Show. 1987 Among The Living. The Beatles also had a limited film career, beginning with A Hard Day's Night (1964). 1986 Fistful of Anthrax (live).
.

1985 Spreading the Disease. By 1970, the band had split, with each of the members going on to solo careers with varying degrees of success. 1985 Armed and Dangerous (EP). The stress of their fame was beginning to tell and the band was on the verge of splitting at the time of the release of The Beatles ("The White Album"), with some tracks recorded by the band members individually, and Starr taking a two-week holiday — sometimes reported as a temporary break-up — in the middle of the recording session. 1984 Fistful of Metal. The group were increasingly taking charge of their own production, and Paul McCartney's increasing dominance in this role played its part in the tensions that eventually split the group. Particularly notable, along with the use of studio tricks such as sound processing, unconventional microphone placements, and vari-speed recording, was the Beatles' use of unconventional instruments for pop music, including string and brass elements, Indian instruments like the sitar, tape loops and early electronic instruments.

Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), still widely regarded as classics. Their demands to create new sounds with every recording, the influence of psychedelic drugs and the studio techniques of recording engineer Geoff Emerick resulted in the albums Revolver (1966) and Sgt. The difficulty of performing to thousands of screaming fans who typically made so much noise that the music could not be heard had led to the disillusion with touring, and the group retired from live performance in 1966, to concentrate on making records. At the height of their fame in the mid-sixties, bolstered by the two films Help! and A Hard Day's Night, the band discontinued touring.

Martin's connection with the Goons had been impressive to the group, who were fans. His earlier experience of producing recordings by acts ranging from Jimmy Shand to the Goons prepared him for the open-minded, experimental approach to the studio which the group began to develop as they became more experienced. He used his experience to bring out the potential in the group, where a lesser producer would have imposed his views and inhibited the creativity he recognised and nurtured. The role of producer George Martin was one of the crucial elements in the success of the Beatles.

Only primary instruments are listed; at one time or another, each of the four Beatles played other instruments on record as well. Earlier, in June 1961, original bass player Stu Sutcliffe had decided to leave the band and remain in Hamburg, Germany where the Beatles had played several long engagements; McCartney took over the bass role. Original drummer Pete Best was asked to leave the group in August 1962 just before it started recording, and was replaced by Starr. Ringo Starr - drums, vocals (1962 - 1970).

Pete Best - drums (1960 - 1962). Stu Sutcliffe - bass, vocals (1959 - 1961). George Harrison - guitar, vocals (1958 - 1970). John Lennon - guitar, vocals (1957 - 1970).

Paul McCartney - bass, piano, guitar, vocals (1957 - 1970). Three albums of unreleased material and studio outtakes were also released, as well as a documentary and television miniseries, in a project known as The Beatles Anthology. However, a virtual reunion occurred in 1995 with the release of two original Lennon recordings which had the additional contributions of the remaining Beatles mixed in to create two hit singles: "Free as a Bird" and "Real Love". The band officially broke up in 1970, and any hopes of a reunion were crushed when Lennon was murdered by Mark David Chapman in 1980.

In the same year, the 'Paul Is Dead' hoax sprang up. In 1969 they recorded their last album, Abbey Road (although in 1970 various songs recorded earlier were compiled into Let It Be). Their actual "last" concert is considered to be a live appearance on the roof at the Apple studios in London in January 1969, which was known as the "Get Back" sessions and featured on the "Let it Be" album. The various members began to pursue their individual interests and got together less often.

However, the Beatles' financial fortunes took a turn for the worse when their manager, Brian Epstein, passed away on 27 August 1967, and the band's affairs began to unravel. They then concentrated on recording and their compositions and musical experiments raised their artistic reputations remarkably while still being tremendously popular. The Beatles performed their last concert before paying fans in Candlestick Park in San Francisco, on 29 August 1966. Lennon caused a great backlash against the Beatles the following year when in an interview he claimed that Christianity was dying and he lamented that the Beatles were "more popular than Jesus." Eventually he apologised, after being slammed by many religious groups, including the Holy See, having Beatles' records banned or burned across the American South, and receiving threats from groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.

In 1965 they were instated as Members of the Order of the British Empire, but Lennon and Harrison also began experimenting with LSD in that year, and McCartney would do the same near the end of 1966. In 1964 they held the top five places on Billboard's Top Pop Singles Chart, a feat which has never been repeated. At any rate, it was regarded by the band members with both awe and resentment. Some of this criticism arose from confusion over the sources of their music (a similar confusion was evinced in 1956 over Elvis Presley by commentators who were unaware of the tradition of blues, R&B, and Gospel out of which Presley emerged), and some of it was simply an incredulous reaction to the length of their hair.

The pop-music band became a worldwide phenomenon with worshipful fans, hysterical adulation, and denunciations by culture commentators and others such as Frank Sinatra. Beatlemania began in Britain on 13 October 1963 with a televised appearance at the London Palladium, and then exploded in the United States following three appearances of the Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show, on 9 February, 16 February, and 23 February 1964. The Beatles' first full-length album, Please Please Me, was recorded within twelve consecutive hours. In 1962 they joined the EMI's Parlophone label.

After going through several changes in name and band members, it finally became the Beatles in 1960. The band briefly split before regrouping. McCartney met Lennon at a garden fete on 6 July 1957, and joined his band, The Quarrymen, into which McCartney also recruited Harrison, his 15 year old school chum. Main article: History of the Beatles.

The classic Beatles lineup consisted of John Lennon (guitar), (James) Paul McCartney (bass), George Harrison (guitar), and Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey) (drums), all from Liverpool, Merseyside, in England. They achieved an iconic status with far reaching effects. They were more than recording artists, influencing fashion and culture and branching out into film and sometimes political activism. While they were originally famous for what some labelled light-weight pop music (and the extreme hysterical reaction they provoked in young women), their later works achieved a combination of popular and critical acclaim perhaps unequaled in the 20th century.

They affected the post-war baby boom generation of Britain, the United States and many other countries during the 1960s. Certainly they are the most popular group in rock history, with global sales exceeding 1.1 billion records. The Beatles were one of the most influential popular music groups of the rock era. ISBN 0811702251. Cameron House.

The Beatles Forever. Schaffner, Nicholas (1977). ISBN 1567310877. MJF Books.

Shout: The Beatles in Their Generation. Norman, Philip (1997). ISBN 0712666974. Vintage.

Revolution In The Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. MacDonald, Ian (1995). ISBN 0681031891. EMI's the Complete Beatles Recording Sessions: The Official Story of the Abbey Road Years. Hamlyn.

Lewisohn, Mark (1990). ISBN 0471469645. Turning Points. The Beatles Come To America.

Goldsmith, Martin (2004). ISBN 0070155267. McGraw-Hill. The Beatles (Second Revised Edition).

Davies, Hunter (1985). ISBN 0517520451. The Beatles: An Illustrated Record. Harmony Books. Carr, Roy & Tyler, Tony (1975).

ISBN 0140022783. London: Penguin Books, 1995 [Reprint]. Braun, Michael (1964), Love Me Do: The Beatles' Progress. 15, 2004.

Retrieved Dec. beatles-discography.com (various pages). Allen Klein. The Fool (design collective) - who decorated many of the Beatles guitars, cars etc.

John Lennon's jukebox. The Fifth Beatle. The Beatles' influence. Beatles discography.

Beatles bootlegs. The parody began as part of the British comedy television series Rutland Weekend Television.. Neil's capacity to parody particular Beatles songs with lyrics only marginally less believable than those of the Fab Four is remarkable, and the pastiche always sounds affectionate. George Harrison cooperated with Eric Idle and Neil Innes in authoring and filming (for television) the fictitious story of the Rutles, a Merseybeat group whose evolution mirrored that of the Beatles quite closely. The main differences are that firstly the Rutles don't take themselves quite so seriously, and secondly that they still perform—albeit on an occasional basis.

This makes The Simpsons the only non-variety show to feature all the surviving Beatles. Ringo Starr, Paul and Linda McCartney, and George Harrison all guest starred on The Simpsons although not at the same time. No other group appears more than twice. The Beatles appear five times in the top 100 best-selling singles in the UK.

They performed five times in three days gathering audiences of about 10,000 per performance. On 30 June 1966, the Beatles became the first musical group to perform at the Nippon Budokan Hall in Tokyo. On 12 June 1965, the Beatles were made Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) by the Queen. Crime reportedly fell by a third during the duration of the transmission, although this eventually turned out to be false.

with their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show with over 70 million people viewing. The Beatles broke television ratings records in the U.S. This was the first time in the history of popular music anyone had played in a proper stadium as opposed to a theatre or concert hall. With their performance at Shea Stadium in 1965, The Beatles set new world records for concert attendance (55,600+) and revenue.

Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band is the best selling album of all time in the UK (over 4.5 million copies sold). Sgt. alone). for "Can't Buy Me Love" (it sold 940,225 copies on its first day of release in the U.S.

The largest number of advance orders for a single, at 2.1 million copies in the U.S. It sold over 13 million copies in four weeks. The Beatles have the fastest selling CD of all time with 1. (Additionally, it sold 10,000 copies per hour in New York City alone for the first 20 days.).

The song sold 250,000 units within three days in the U.S., one million in 2 weeks. The Beatles had the fastest selling single of all time with "I Want To Hold Your Hand". It is also the most played song in the history of international radio. The Beatles' "Yesterday" is the most covered song in history, appearing in the Guinness Book of Records with over three thousand recorded versions.

Boyz II Men and Elvis Presley have succeeded themselves on the chart, but the Beatles are the only artist to 'three-peat'. The Beatles are the only artist to have 'back-to-back-to-back' number one singles on Billboard's Hot 100. Before the Beatles, the highest number of concurrent singles by one artist on the Hot 100 was nine (by Elvis Presley, 19 December 1956). The next week, 11 April 1964, the Beatles held fourteen positions on the Billboard Hot 100.

The songs were "Can't Buy Me Love", "Twist and Shout", "She Loves You", "I Want to Hold Your Hand", and "Please Please Me". No one had ever done anything like this before, and it is doubtful that the conditions will ever exist for anyone to do it again. During the week of 4 April 1964, The Beatles held the top five positions on the Billboard singles chart. Lennon was responsible for 29 Number One singles in the UK, and McCartney was responsible for 28 (25 of which were written together).

for McCartney, and 26 for Lennon (23 of which were written together). In terms of charting positions, Lennon and McCartney are the most successful songwriters in history, with 32 number one singles in the U.S. from 21 November to 28 November 1995). The most successful first week of sales for a double album (The Beatles Anthology Volume 1, which sold 855,473 copies in the U.S.

The Beatles spent the highest number of weeks at number one in the albums chart (174 in the UK and 132 in the U.S.). and 15 in the United Kingdom). The Beatles have had more number one albums than any other group (19 in the U.S. They even managed to hold separate releases by themselves off the top of the British chart in 1967 with Hello Goodbye at number 1 and Magical Mystery Tour E.P at number 2.

Even so, they reached number two with the singles. For example, the Beatles' "Penny Lane" and "Strawberry Fields Forever" were released as a "double A"-sided single, which caused sales and airplay to be divided between the two songs instead of being counted collectively. Ironically, the Beatles could easily have had even more number ones, because they were often competing with their own singles. The Beatles have had more number one singles than any other musical group (23 in Australia, 23 in The Netherlands, 22 in Canada, 21 in Norway, 20 in the U.S., and 18 in Sweden).

The Beatles have notched up the most multi-platinum selling albums for any artist or musical group (thirteen in the U.S. alone). The Beatles are the best-selling musical group of all time, estimated by EMI to have over one billion discs and tapes sold worldwide.

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