Acura Integra

The Acura Integra, sold as a Honda in most of the world, is a small, sporty vehicle sold primarily as a coupe. It is Acura's smallest, least expensive model, designed to offer a competitor to vehicles like Volkswagen's Golf GTI, which was the most well known and popular "hot hatch" of the 1980s when the Integra was introduced. Although a sedan was available for several years, the 4-door body was dropped when the vehicle transitioned to its current fourth-generation "DC5" platform, which is now sold as the RSX in North America.

First Generation 1985-1989

First Generation Integra

The vehicle debuted in Japan in 1985 as the Honda Integra before going on sale a year later in North America as part of the then-new Acura lineup. Three and 5-door hatchback bodies as well as a traditional four-door sedan were available, with a 1.6 L DOHC 16-valve engine powering all three. The engine was the vehicle's most publicized feature, as twin-cam, multi-valve engines were anything but commonplace in entry-level models at the time.

The Integra shared its platform with the less-sporty Civic, although it featured a small list of key upgrades over its lesser stablemate to help merit a price increase over the CRX Si, which was otherwise the sportiest compact vehicle being offered by Honda/Acura; enlarged 4-wheel disc brakes replaced the small front-disc/rear-drum setup used by the Civic and CRX, suspension calibration was re-worked, better tires were used and a 113 horsepower DOHC fuel injected 16-valve engine was used in place of the SOHC, 90 horsepower unit from the CRX Si. Combined with sleeker styling and a nicer interior, buyers were effectivly convinced that the Integra was worth the extra money, and nearly 228,000 units were sold during the five year run of the first generation model.

The model was not without its shortcomings though; despite having 113 horsepower and a reachable 7,000 RPM redline, the new twin-cam engine had little torque and needed to be wound up quite a bit to make full power, leading to criticism that the model wasn't well-suited for day to day driving on surface streets, but was better tuned for spirited driving down tight, windy roads.

Second Generation 1990-1993

Second Generation Integra

Acura debuted the second generation Integra in 1990, now powered by a new 1.8 litre engine making 130 horsepower, giving the model a necessary boost in performance. The three-door hatchback and 4-door sedan body styles continued to be available, but the 5-door hatch was discontinued due to poor market reception.

Trim levels for 1990 and 1991 included the RS (base model), LS, and GS. The GS model could also be had with a leather interior, which made it a sort of "deluxe" model, and featured its own model number.

For 1992 Honda added the GS-R trim level, powered by a de-stroked, 1.7 litre version of the standard engine with the VTEC system from the then-new NSX added-on, bumping output to 160 horsepower. Other small updates came on at the same time, namely new front and rear bumpers, a new steering wheel, new rear turn signals, new ECU, chromed interior door handles and an increase in power to 140 for the non-VTEC engine. Honda had already used the vtec system in the b16a engines in the late 80s which are a predacessor to the b17 engine.

The second generation was the last Integra to be sold without airbags in the United States. Motorized "passive" seat belts were used instead. Canada and the rest of the world got regular seat belts.

This generation also saw Acura make a bit of a marketing shift. Prior to the 1991 model year, Acura had made a minor point of the supposed understated elegance of minimal exterior badging. Therefore, from 1986 to 1990 the only external clues to any Integra's identity came at the rear, where badges for "Acura" "Integra", and the trim level appeared. For the 1991 model year however, Acura's "A" logo appeared for the very first time on the front of the hood, as well as between the taillights. Every Integra made since then has had the "A" badges.

  • 262,285 units sold from 1990-1993

Third Generation 1994-1997

Acura debuted the third generation model in 1994, now based on the all-new Civic chassis that had been introduced in '92. Standard horsepower increased to 142, and the GS-R recieved a dual-stage intake manifold and a displacment boost to 1.8 litre, bringing horsepower up to 170.

A Type R model was added for the 1997 model year, powered by a highly tuned, hand-finished variant of the GS-R's powerplant producing 195 horsepower, meaning it made more hp per litre than the Ferrari F355's V8. Although impressive, the Type R was still hampered by some criticism; its maximum torque output was only 130 ft·lbs, and maximum output could not be achieved until 7000 RPM, meaning that the engine was only performing at peak between 7,000 RPM and its 8,400 RPM redline. Although the engine's "split personality" and unusually high capability to rev made it popular among hardcore enthusiasts, it cost the vehicle points in comparison tests where drivers noted that the vehicle was too hard-edged, loud and rev-hungry to be an easy daily driver.

Fourth Generation 1998-2001

Despite some popular demand for a new Integra model for 1998, Acura chose to give the third-generation model a slight facelift and rerelease it. The 1998 Integra had slightly larger headlights and a more aggressive front bumper. It also has all-red taillights and a revised rear bumper. The GS-R edition received 5-spoke "blade" style wheels as a stylistic change.

Once again, the Type-R saw a limited release in the US.

Type R

The Type R was the pinnacle of the Integra line. It had many exclusive features found on no other Integra.

The B18C5 Type R engine contained more key differences than just some manual assembly steps and an increased redline. The B16A's cylinder head returned for an encore, with differently shaped combustion chambers and intake ports compared to the regular B18C in the GS-R. Molybdenum-coated, high compression pistons and stronger-but-lighter connecting rods strengthened the reciprocating assembly. Two extra counterweights on the crankshaft altered its vibration modes to enhance durability at high RPM. The intake valves were reshaped with a thinner stem and crown that reduced weight and improved flow. The intake ports were given a minor port and polish. Stiffer valve springs resisted float on more aggressive camshafts. Intake air was now drawn from inside the fender well, for a colder, denser charge. That intake fed a short-runner intake manifold with a larger throttle body for better breathing. An improved stainless steel exhaust collector with more gentle merge angles, a change to a larger, consistent piping diameter, flared internal piping in the muffler allowed easier exit of gasses. A retuned engine computer also contributed to improve power output.

The transmission was upgraded with lower and closer gear ratios in second through fifth gears, in order to take advantage of the additional rev range. The American version retained the same 4.4 final drive throughout the Type R's production run, unlike the Japanese market version, which in 1998 changed to a 4.785 final drive along with revised gearing. The clutch disk has a slightly smaller swept area, for improved bite. The GS-R's open differential was replaced with a torque-sensing limited slip type.

The chassis received enhancements in the form of reinforcements to the rear wheel wells, roof rail, and other key areas. "Performance rods," chassis braces that were bolted in place, were added to the rear trunk wall and rear subframe. The front strut tower bar was replaced with a stronger aluminum piece. Camber rigidity was improved at the rear by increasing wheel bearing span by 10 mm. The Type R's body also received a new functional rear wing, body-colored rocker panels, and 5 bolt hubs with special lightweight Type-R wheels. Under those wheels was a much larger set of disk brakes front and back. The tires were upgraded to Bridgestone RE010 "summer" tires.

The Type R received very aggressive tuning in its suspension settings. All soft rubber bushings were replaced with much stiffer versions, as much as 5.3 times higher in durometer readings. The springs and dampers were much stiffer, with a 10 mm reduction in ride height. The rear anti-roll bar diameter was increased to 22 mm in diameter. The front anti-roll bar retained the same size, although the end links were changed to a more responsive sealed ball joint as opposed to a rubber bushing on the lesser models. The result was a chassis with very responsive, racetrack-ready handling that ably absorbed mid-corner bumps well. Mild oversteer was easy to induce with a lift of the throttle, and during steady-state cornering the car maintained a slight tail-out stance.

The interior was stripped down to reduce weight. The air conditioning system was removed and nearly all the sound-dampening material was eliminated. This provided for a much noisier ride, but since the Type-R was a racecar for the street, most owners didn't mind. The Type R was a no-compromise sports car, and it showed the world what Honda was capable of.

  • 301,103 Units sold from 1994-2001 - 2005555

Replacement for Acura Integra

The fourth generation Integra, produced from 2002 onwards, has been renamed the Acura RSX. The new name conforms to Acura's new naming scheme for all cars in its line up (e.g. NSX, TSX, MDX, etc). It also has an entirely new engine, the K-series, which is considered by some to be the best engine Honda has ever released.

Awards

The Integra was on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list six times, in 1987, 1988, and 1994 through 1997. The GS-R model was called out specifically in 1994 and 1995. It made a return on the Ten Best as the Acura RSX for 2002 and 2003


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It made a return on the Ten Best as the Acura RSX for 2002 and 2003. Work in the theory of auctions contributed to Vickrey's 1996 Bank of Sweden Prize. The GS-R model was called out specifically in 1994 and 1995. These two auctions are also theoretically equivalent, but in practice Dutch auctions will produce less revenue than sealed first-price auctions (one of the important results of Experimental economics). The Integra was on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list six times, in 1987, 1988, and 1994 through 1997. This behavior is known as bid shading. It also has an entirely new engine, the K-series, which is considered by some to be the best engine Honda has ever released. Bidders in the traditional Dutch auction and sealed first-price auction will tend to underbid what they believe the item is truly worth in hopes of getting the item for less, or in order to avoid the winner's curse.

NSX, TSX, MDX, etc). This system creates a tension between the desire to hold back on bidding since later items will almost certainly be cheaper, and the chance that by losing the first round of bidding all possibility of purchasing will be lost. The new name conforms to Acura's new naming scheme for all cars in its line up (e.g. Items the winning bidder opts not to purchase are auctioned again. The fourth generation Integra, produced from 2002 onwards, has been renamed the Acura RSX. Once each item has been priced, the winning bidder is entitled to buy the remaining goods at the same price. The Type R was a no-compromise sports car, and it showed the world what Honda was capable of. It is also possible to auction each identical item individually.

This provided for a much noisier ride, but since the Type-R was a racecar for the street, most owners didn't mind. In a Vickrey auction, the pricing rule is more complicated, but preserves the property that bidders will bid their true valuation. The air conditioning system was removed and nearly all the sound-dampening material was eliminated. Bidders will not typically bid their true value in a uniform-price auction with multiple units. The interior was stripped down to reduce weight. In a uniform-price auction, all of the winning bidders pay the price submitted by the highest non-winning bidder. Mild oversteer was easy to induce with a lift of the throttle, and during steady-state cornering the car maintained a slight tail-out stance. If more than one identical item is sold, there are two possible generalizations of the second-price auction.

The result was a chassis with very responsive, racetrack-ready handling that ably absorbed mid-corner bumps well. A more detailed differentiation would be between:. The front anti-roll bar retained the same size, although the end links were changed to a more responsive sealed ball joint as opposed to a rubber bushing on the lesser models. In terms of auctioneers and auction items, we can differentiate three types of auctions:. The rear anti-roll bar diameter was increased to 22 mm in diameter. . The springs and dampers were much stiffer, with a 10 mm reduction in ride height. Civil War, Colonels of the armies were called upon to auction off the spoils of war.

All soft rubber bushings were replaced with much stiffer versions, as much as 5.3 times higher in durometer readings. In the U.S., auctioneers who have completed Auctioneer School commonly use the title Colonel and are given this honorary title because in the U.S. The Type R received very aggressive tuning in its suspension settings. Some jurisdictions require auctioneers to be licensed and bonded. The tires were upgraded to Bridgestone RE010 "summer" tires. Auctioneers are usually trained in the legal and practical aspects of conducting auctions. Under those wheels was a much larger set of disk brakes front and back. Auction catalogs are frequently printed and distributed before auctions of rare and/or collectible items; these catalogs may be very elaborate works, with considerable details about the items being auctioned.

The Type R's body also received a new functional rear wing, body-colored rocker panels, and 5 bolt hubs with special lightweight Type-R wheels. Internet auctions have become very popular; the world's largest auction site is eBay. Camber rigidity was improved at the rear by increasing wheel bearing span by 10 mm. The world's three largest auction houses are Christie's, Sotheby's and Bonhams. The front strut tower bar was replaced with a stronger aluminum piece. Examples of this type of auction include:. "Performance rods," chassis braces that were bolted in place, were added to the rear trunk wall and rear subframe. Although less publicly visible, the most economically important auctions are the commodities auctions in which the bidders are businesses even up to corporation level.

The chassis received enhancements in the form of reinforcements to the rear wheel wells, roof rail, and other key areas. Auctions are publicly seen in several contexts:. The GS-R's open differential was replaced with a torque-sensing limited slip type. In the context of auctions, a bid is an offered price. The clutch disk has a slightly smaller swept area, for improved bite. In some cases, there is a minimum or reserve price; if the bidding does not reach the minimum, there is no sale (but the person who puts the item up for auction still owes a fee to the auctioneer). The American version retained the same 4.4 final drive throughout the Type R's production run, unlike the Japanese market version, which in 1998 changed to a 4.785 final drive along with revised gearing. In economic theory an auction is a method for determining the value of a commodity that has an undetermined or variable price.

The transmission was upgraded with lower and closer gear ratios in second through fifth gears, in order to take advantage of the additional rev range. An auction is the process of buying and selling things by offering them up for bid, taking bids, and then selling the item to the highest bidder. A retuned engine computer also contributed to improve power output. This complexity is overcome by feeding the bids into an optimization algorithm (such as a linear programming problem). An improved stainless steel exhaust collector with more gentle merge angles, a change to a larger, consistent piping diameter, flared internal piping in the muffler allowed easier exit of gasses. Sorting out which buyers win which bundles (and sometimes the amount they must pay for them) is usually computationally complex. That intake fed a short-runner intake manifold with a larger throttle body for better breathing. They may also offer to purchase one bundle of goods or another, but not both.

Intake air was now drawn from inside the fender well, for a colder, denser charge. Such combinatorial bids may offer to pay a certain amount if all units of a buyer-specified bundle are awarded, but nothing otherwise. Stiffer valve springs resisted float on more aggressive camshafts. This dilemma can be overcome by selling all goods simultaneously and allowing buyers to submit bids on combinations of goods. The intake ports were given a minor port and polish. If forced to purchase each component of a bundle in a separate auction, the bidder faces a dilemma: bidding enough to win the components of the bundle that are sold first may result in a financial loss if he fails to win the components that are sold later, but failing to purchase the components that are sold first ensures that he will not win the bundle. The intake valves were reshaped with a thinner stem and crown that reduced weight and improved flow. For instance, if bicycle wheels and bicycle frames are sold separately in an auction, a bidder may value a bundle consisting of a single wheel or a single frame at $0, but may value the bundle of two wheels and one frame at $200.

Two extra counterweights on the crankshaft altered its vibration modes to enhance durability at high RPM. Combinatorial Auction: In some cases, a buyer's value for the goods that are up for auction is a complex interaction of the type and number of goods he receives (known as a "bundle"). Molybdenum-coated, high compression pistons and stronger-but-lighter connecting rods strengthened the reciprocating assembly. If no bidder chooses to utilize the buy-out option, the auction ends with the highest bidder winning the auction. The B16A's cylinder head returned for an encore, with differently shaped combustion chambers and intake ports compared to the regular B18C in the GS-R. The bidder can choose to bid or use the buy-out option. The B18C5 Type R engine contained more key differences than just some manual assembly steps and an increased redline. The buy-out price is set by the seller.

It had many exclusive features found on no other Integra. Buy-out auction: This auction has a predetermined buy-out price in which the bidder can end the auction by accepting the buy-out price. The Type R was the pinnacle of the Integra line. This a popular online type of auction. Once again, the Type-R saw a limited release in the US. If the top five bids are 10, 10, 9, 8, 8 then 9 would be the winner being the highest unique bid. The GS-R edition received 5-spoke "blade" style wheels as a stylistic change. For instance an auction is given a maximum bid of 10.

It also has all-red taillights and a revised rear bumper. The highest, or lowest, unique bid wins. The 1998 Integra had slightly larger headlights and a more aggressive front bumper. Unique bid auction: In this type of auction users post blind bids and are given a range of prices they can place a bid in, often a capped limit. Despite some popular demand for a new Integra model for 1998, Acura chose to give the third-generation model a slight facelift and rerelease it. This type of auction is being replaced by electronic trading platforms. Although the engine's "split personality" and unusually high capability to rev made it popular among hardcore enthusiasts, it cost the vehicle points in comparison tests where drivers noted that the vehicle was too hard-edged, loud and rev-hungry to be an easy daily driver. Transactions may take place simultaneously at different places in the trading pit or ring.

Although impressive, the Type R was still hampered by some criticism; its maximum torque output was only 130 ft·lbs, and maximum output could not be achieved until 7000 RPM, meaning that the engine was only performing at peak between 7,000 RPM and its 8,400 RPM redline. Open outcry auction: This type of auction is used in stock exchanges and commodity exchanges, where trading occurs on a trading floor and traders may enter verbal bids and offers simultaneously. A Type R model was added for the 1997 model year, powered by a highly tuned, hand-finished variant of the GS-R's powerplant producing 195 horsepower, meaning it made more hp per litre than the Ferrari F355's V8. The seller may review the bids and close with a price of their choosing at any time—the successful bidders that pay this price are those whose bid meets or exceeds it, and these are the only bidders who receive a copy of the item. Standard horsepower increased to 142, and the GS-R recieved a dual-stage intake manifold and a displacment boost to 1.8 litre, bringing horsepower up to 170. Digital art auction: In this indefinitely long auction, designed for unreleased works that are trivially reproducible at zero cost (recordings, software, drug formulae), bidders openly submit their maximum bids (which may be adjusted or withdrawn at any time). Acura debuted the third generation model in 1994, now based on the all-new Civic chassis that had been introduced in '92. At the end of the auction, the lowest bid wins.

Every Integra made since then has had the "A" badges. The buyer puts out an RFQ for a given commodity and providers offer progressively lower prices in hopes of getting the business. For the 1991 model year however, Acura's "A" logo appeared for the very first time on the front of the hood, as well as between the taillights. Procurement auction: This kind of auction reverses the roles of seller and buyer. Therefore, from 1986 to 1990 the only external clues to any Integra's identity came at the rear, where badges for "Acura" "Integra", and the trim level appeared. The highest bidder pays the price they submitted. Prior to the 1991 model year, Acura had made a minor point of the supposed understated elegance of minimal exterior badging. They may or may not know how many other people are bidding or what their bids are.

This generation also saw Acura make a bit of a marketing shift. Participants submit bids normally on paper, near the item. Canada and the rest of the world got regular seat belts. Silent auction: This is a sealed variant often used in charity events, but involving the simultaneous sale of multiple items. Motorized "passive" seat belts were used instead. Implemented as such, this is known as a Japanese Auction. The second generation was the last Integra to be sold without airbags in the United States. When all but one bidder drops out, the good is allocated to the remaining bidder at the price at which the second-to-last bidder dropped out.

Honda had already used the vtec system in the b16a engines in the late 80s which are a predacessor to the b17 engine. True strategic equivalence requires a modified model of the English ascending auction in which the price rises continuously with bidders choosing when to drop out. Other small updates came on at the same time, namely new front and rear bumpers, a new steering wheel, new rear turn signals, new ECU, chromed interior door handles and an increase in power to 140 for the non-VTEC engine. In theory, this is mathematically equivalent to the English auction, because in both the first-place bidder receives the item at a price equal to the second-place bidder's willingness to pay, plus the bid increment. For 1992 Honda added the GS-R trim level, powered by a de-stroked, 1.7 litre version of the standard engine with the VTEC system from the then-new NSX added-on, bumping output to 160 horsepower. Sealed second-price auction, also known as a Vickrey auction: This is identical to the sealed first-price auction, except the winning bidder pays the second highest bid rather than their own. The GS model could also be had with a leather interior, which made it a sort of "deluxe" model, and featured its own model number. The highest bidder pays the price they submitted.

Trim levels for 1990 and 1991 included the RS (base model), LS, and GS. In this type of auction all bidders simultaneously submit bids so that no bidder knows the bid of any other participant. The three-door hatchback and 4-door sedan body styles continued to be available, but the 5-door hatch was discontinued due to poor market reception. Sealed first-price auction: Also known as Sealed High-Bid Auction or First-Price Sealed-Bid Auction (FPSB). Acura debuted the second generation Integra in 1990, now powered by a new 1.8 litre engine making 130 horsepower, giving the model a necessary boost in performance. Economists call the latter auction a multi-unit English ascending auction. The model was not without its shortcomings though; despite having 113 horsepower and a reachable 7,000 RPM redline, the new twin-cam engine had little torque and needed to be wound up quite a bit to make full power, leading to criticism that the model wasn't well-suited for day to day driving on surface streets, but was better tuned for spirited driving down tight, windy roads. "Dutch auction" is also sometimes used to describe online auctions where several identical goods are sold simultaneously to an equal number of high bidders.

Combined with sleeker styling and a nicer interior, buyers were effectivly convinced that the Integra was worth the extra money, and nearly 228,000 units were sold during the five year run of the first generation model. The Dutch auction is named for its best known example, the Dutch tulip auctions; in the Netherlands this type of auction is actually known as a "Chinese auction". The Integra shared its platform with the less-sporty Civic, although it featured a small list of key upgrades over its lesser stablemate to help merit a price increase over the CRX Si, which was otherwise the sportiest compact vehicle being offered by Honda/Acura; enlarged 4-wheel disc brakes replaced the small front-disc/rear-drum setup used by the Civic and CRX, suspension calibration was re-worked, better tires were used and a 113 horsepower DOHC fuel injected 16-valve engine was used in place of the SOHC, 90 horsepower unit from the CRX Si. This type of auction is convenient when it is important to auction goods quickly, since a sale never requires more than one bid. The engine was the vehicle's most publicized feature, as twin-cam, multi-valve engines were anything but commonplace in entry-level models at the time. That participant pays the last announced price. Three and 5-door hatchback bodies as well as a traditional four-door sedan were available, with a 1.6 L DOHC 16-valve engine powering all three. Dutch auction: In the traditional Dutch auction the auctioneer begins with a high asking price which is lowered until some participant is willing to accept the auctioneer's price, or a predetermined minimum price is reached.

The vehicle debuted in Japan in 1985 as the Honda Integra before going on sale a year later in North America as part of the then-new Acura lineup. The seller may set a 'reserve' price and if the auctioneer fails to raise a bid higher than this reserve the sale may not go ahead. . The auction ends when no participant is willing to bid further, or when a pre-determined "buy-out" price is reached, at which point the highest bidder pays the price. Although a sedan was available for several years, the 4-door body was dropped when the vehicle transitioned to its current fourth-generation "DC5" platform, which is now sold as the RSX in North America. Participants bid openly against one another, with each bid being higher than the previous bid. It is Acura's smallest, least expensive model, designed to offer a competitor to vehicles like Volkswagen's Golf GTI, which was the most well known and popular "hot hatch" of the 1980s when the Integra was introduced. English auction: This is what most people think of as an auction.

The Acura Integra, sold as a Honda in most of the world, is a small, sporty vehicle sold primarily as a coupe. dealer auction - for collectibles. 301,103 Units sold from 1994-2001 - 2005555. sale auction - for art and one-of-a-kind items. 262,285 units sold from 1990-1993. The participants include a number of core professional buyers, who monitor each other to ensure that no one is 'cheating' on the community. exchange auction - also known as commodity auctions or exchange-commodity auctions, are the most closed to the new participants.

In most cases, investors can also place so called non-competitive bids which indicates an interest to purchase the debt instrument at the resulting price, whatever it may be. The auction is usually sealed and the uniform price paid by the investors is typically the best non-winning bid. debt auctions, in which governments sell debt instruments, such as bonds, to investors. environmental auctions, in which companies bid for licenses to avoid being required to decrease their environmental impact.

electricity auctions, in which large-scale generators and consumers of electricity bid on generating contracts. timber auctions, in which companies purchase licenses to log on government land. spectrum auctions, in which companies purchase licenses to use portions of the electromagnetic spectrum for communications (for cell phone networks, for example). sales of businesses.

in legal contexts where forced auctions occur, as when one's farm or house is sold at auction on the courthouse steps. in thoroughbred horseracing, where yearling horses are commonly auctioned off; and. in commodities auctions, like the fish wholesale auctions. for the sale of second-hand goods of all kinds, particularly house clearances and online auctions.

in the sale of collectibles such as stamps, coins, classic cars, luxury real estate, and fine art. in the antique business, where besides being an opportunity for trade they also serve as social occasions and entertainment.

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