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New York Yankees


Major league affiliations
  • American League (1901-present)
    • East Division (1969-present)
Major league titles
World Series titles (26) 2000 • 1999 • 1998 • 1996
1978 • 1977 • 1962 • 1961
1958 • 1956 • 1953 • 1952
1951 • 1950 • 1949 • 1947
1943 • 1941 • 1939 • 1938
1937 • 1936 • 1932 • 1928
1927 • 1923
AL Pennants (39) 2003 • 2001 • 2000 • 1999
1998 • 1996 • 1981 • 1978
1977 • 1976 • 1964 • 1963
1962 • 1961 • 1960 • 1958
1957 • 1956 • 1955 • 1953
1952 • 1951 • 1950 • 1949
1947 • 1943 • 1942 • 1941
1939 • 1938 • 1937 • 1936
1932 • 1928 • 1927 • 1926
1923 • 1922 • 1921
East Division titles (14) [1][2][3] 2005 • 2004 • 2003 • 2002
2001 • 2000 • 1999 • 1998
1996 • 1981 • 1980 • 1978
1977 • 1976
Wild card berths (2) 1997 • 1995

[1] - In 1981, a players' strike in the middle of the season forced the season to be split into two halves. New York had the best record in the East Division when play was stopped and was declared the first-half division winner. The Yankees had the third best record in the division when considering the entire season, two games behind Milwaukee and Baltimore.
[2] - In 1994, a players' strike wiped out the last eight weeks of the season and all post-season. New York was in first place in the East Division by six and a half games when play was stopped. No official titles were awarded in 1994.
[3] - In 2005, the Yankees and the Boston Red Sox finished the season with identical records of 95-67 and finished tied for first place in the East Division standings. Because New York won the regular season series with Boston, New York was awarded the division championship and Boston was awarded the wild card.

Major league nicknames
  • New York Yankees (1913-present)
  • New York Highlanders (1903-1912)
  • Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902)

(Also referred to as "Americans" 1903-1909 and "Yankees" 1910-1912)

Major league home ballparks
  • Yankee Stadium (1976-present)
  • Shea Stadium (1974-1975)
  • Yankee Stadium (1923-1973)
  • Polo Grounds (IV) (1913-1922)
    • a.k.a. Brush Stadium (1913-1919)
  • Hilltop Park (1903-1912)
  • Oriole Park (Baltimore) (1901-1902)
Current uniform
Retired numbers

♦ - Hall of Famer
Jackie Robinson's #42 is retired by Major League Baseball

• This box contains major league affiliations only; National Association, Western League and other minor league affiliations are not included.
• The "Established" date indicates when major league status was gained.
• Postseasons prior to 1903 are not included as they were regarded more as exhibitions.
        edit infobox

The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball team based in The Bronx, New York City, New York. They are in the Eastern Division of the American League.

One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Yankees have been among the most storied teams in North America over their 100+ year history; along with franchises like the Boston Celtics, Dallas Cowboys, and Montreal Canadiens, the Yankees have helped exemplify the phrase "dynasty" in professional athletics. They are one of two major league franchises which operate in New York City, the other being the New York Mets of the National League.

The Yankees have won 26 World Series in 39 appearances; the St. Louis Cardinals and the Oakland Athletics are tied for second with 9 World Series victories each, and the Los Angeles Dodgers is second in World Series appearances with 18. Among the North American major sports, the Yankees' success is only approached by the 23 Stanley Cup championships of the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League. The Yankees are also the only team that is represented at every position in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Origins

At the end of the 1900 season the American League re-organized and, with its president Ban Johnson as the driving force, decided to assert itself as a new major league. Previously a minor league (known as the Western League until 1899), the American League carried over five of its previous locations and added three more on the East Coast, including one in Baltimore, Maryland, which had lost its National League team when that league contracted the year before. The intention of Johnson and the American League had been to place a team in New York City, but their efforts had been stymied by the political connections that owners of the National League New York Giants had with Tammany Hall.

When the team began play as the Baltimore Orioles in 1901, they were managed by John McGraw. As a result of a feud with league president Ban Johnson, who rigidly enforced rules about rowdyism on the field of play, McGraw jumped leagues to manage the New York Giants in the middle of the 1902 season. A week later the owner of the Giants also gained controlling interest of the Orioles and raided the team for players, after which the league declared the team forfeit and took control, still intending to move the franchise to New York when and if possible.

In January 1903, the American and National Leagues held a "peace conference" to settle conflicts over player contract disputes and to agree on future cooperation. The NL also agreed that the "junior circuit" could establish a franchise in New York. The AL's Baltimore franchise became the New York franchise when its new owners, Frank Farrell and William Devery, were able to find a ballpark location not blocked by the Giants. Farrell and Devery both had deep ties into city politics and gambling. Farrell owned a casino and several pool halls, while Devery had served as a blatantly corrupt chief of the New York City police and had only been forced out of the department at the start of 1902.

The Highlanders

The franchise's first park in New York was located at 165th St. and Broadway in Manhattan, near the highest point on the island. Consequently the field was known as Hilltop Park and the team quickly became known as the New York Highlanders. The name was also a reference to the noted British military unit The Gordon Highlanders, as the team president from 1903 to 1906 was named Joseph Gordon. Today the site of the original Hilltop Park is occupied by buildings of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.

As the Highlanders, the team enjoyed success only twice, finishing in second place in 1904 and 1910; but otherwise, much of their first fifteen years in New York was spent in the cellar. Their somewhat tainted ownership, along with the questionable activities of some players, notably first baseman Hal Chase, raised suspicions of game-fixing, but little of that was ever proven.

Their best chance came on the last day of the 1904 season, at the Hilltop. New York pitcher Jack Chesbro threw a wild pitch in the ninth inning which allowed the eventual pennant-winning run to score for the Boston Americans. This event had historical significance in several ways. First, the presence of the Highlanders in the race had led the Giants to announce they would not participate in the World Series against a "minor league" team. Although Boston had won the pennant, the Giants still refused to participate. The resulting tongue-lashing of the Giants by the media stung their owner, John T. Brush, who then led a committee that formalized the rules governing the World Series. 1904 was the last year a Series was not played, until the strike-truncated year of 1994. For fans of the team formally named the Red Sox in 1908, the 1904 season-ender would prove to be the last time Boston would defeat the Yankees in a pennant-deciding game for literally a century.

From 1913 to 1922 the team would play in the Polo Grounds, a park owned by their National League rivals, the Giants. Relations between the clubs had warmed when the Giants were allowed to lease Hilltop Park while the Polo Grounds was being rebuilt in 1911 following a disastrous fire. During the early 1900s, the nickname "Yankees" was occasionally applied to the club, as a variant on "Americans", verifiably as early as June 21, 1904, when Patsy Dougherty was traded from Boston to New York, and the Boston Herald's report was headlined "Dougherty as a Yankee". That matter-of-fact wording suggests the nickname was already well-known. The New York Herald, on April 15, 1906, reported "Yankees win opening game from Boston, 2-1". The name grew in popularity over the team's first decade. With the change of parks in 1913, the "Highlanders" reference became obsolete, and the de facto team nickname became exclusively "Yankees". Before very long, New York Yankees had become the official nickname of the club.

By the mid 1910s, owners Farrell and Devery had become estranged and both were in need of money. At the start of 1915, they sold the team to Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Captain Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston. Ruppert was heir to the Ruppert brewery fortune and had also been tied to the Tammany Hall machine, serving as a U.S. Congressman for eight years. Ruppert later said, "For $450,000 we got an orphan ball club, without a home of its own, without players of outstanding ability, without prestige." But now with an owner possessing deep pockets, and a willingness to dig into them to produce a winning team.

The Ruth and Gehrig era

Perhaps one of the greatest ironies of the Yankees dominance comes from its roots. The Yankees detente with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox circa 1920 (all three collectively known as the "Insurrectos") paid off well. Over the next few years the new owners would begin to enlarge the payroll. Many of the newly acquired players who would later contribute to their success came from the Boston Red Sox, whose owner, theater impresario Harry Frazee, had bought his team on credit and needed money to pay off his loans and purchase Fenway Park from the Fenway Park Trust. Further, as Frazee owned the strongest of the "Insurrectos" franchizes, which antagonized A.L. President Ban Johnson, Frazee faced most of the legal battles which proved costly[1]. From 1919 to 1922, the Yankees acquired pitchers Waite Hoyt, Carl Mays and Herb Pennock, catcher Wally Schang, shortstop Everett Scott and third baseman Joe Dugan, all from the Red Sox. However, pitcher-turned-outfielder Babe Ruth was the biggest of them all. Frazee traded Ruth in January of 1920, citing Ruth's demand for a raise after being paid the highest salary in baseball, and despite owning the single season homerun record at the time of the trade (hitting 29 homeruns in 1919[2]). Frazee also wished to aid the Yankees, as giving the Yankees a box office draw would strengthen a legal ally, and reduce the pressure he faced[3]. Ruth was also regarded as a problem, a carouser. That would continue during his Yankees years, but the ownership was more tolerant, provided he brought fans and championships to the ballpark. Two of the four Boston newspapers agreed with the deal at the time. The Red Sox did not win a World Series from 1919 until 2004 (see Curse of the Bambino), often finding themselves out of the World Series hunt as a result of the success of the Yankees. Harry Frazee finally found success on Broadway in 1927 with the musical comedy No No Nanette, which included the song "Tea For Two".

Babe Ruth

Other critical newcomers in this period were manager Miller Huggins and general manager Ed Barrow. Huggins was hired in 1919 by Ruppert while Huston was serving in Europe with the army (this would lead to a break between the two owners, with Ruppert eventually buying Huston out in 1923). Barrow came on board after the 1920 season, and like many of the new Yankee players had previously been a part of the Red Sox organization, having managed the team since 1918. Barrow would act as general manager or president of the Yankees for the next 25 years and may deserve the bulk of the credit for the team's success during that period. He was especially noted for development of the Yankees' farm system.

The home run hitting exploits of Ruth proved popular with the public, to the extent that the Yankees were soon outdrawing their landlords, the Giants. In 1921 the Yankees were told to move out of the Polo Grounds after the 1922 season. At that time, John McGraw was said to have commented that the Yankees should "move to some out-of-the-way place, like Queens". Instead, to McGraw's chagrin, they broke ground for a new ballpark just across the Harlem River from the Polo Grounds. The construction crew moved with remarkable speed and finished the big new ballpark in less than a year. In 1923 the Yankees moved into Yankee Stadium at 161st St. and River Avenue in the Bronx. The site for the stadium was chosen because the IRT Jerome Avenue subway line, now the MTA's#4 train, went right by there, practically on top of Yankee Stadium's right-field wall. The Stadium was the first triple-deck venue in baseball and seated an astounding 58,000. It was truly "the House that Ruth Built",

From 1921 to 1928, the Yankees went through their first period of great success, winning six American League pennants and three World Series. In 1921 through 1923 they faced the Giants in the World Series, losing the first two match-ups but turning the tables in 1923 after the Big Stadium opened. Giants outfielder Casey Stengel, who even then was being called "Old Case", hit two homers to win the two games the Giants came away with. Stengel would later become a "giant" for the Yankees as a manager.

The 1927 team was so potent that it became known as "Murderers' Row" and is sometimes considered to have been the best team in the history of baseball (though similar claims have been made for other Yankee squads, notably those of 1939, 1961 and 1998). Ruth's home run total of 60 in 1927 set a single-season record which would stand for 34 years, and first baseman Lou Gehrig had his first big season with 47 round-trippers.

The Yankees would repeat as American League champions in 1928, fighting off the resurgent Philadelphia Athletics, and sweep the St. Louis Cardinals in the World Series. Babe Ruth hit .625 with 3 home runs in that series, while Lou Gehrig hit .545 and belted 4 round-trippers. After three also-ran seasons, the Yankees returned to the American League top perch under new manager Joe McCarthy in 1932 and swept the Chicago Cubs in the World Series, running their streak of consecutive World Series game wins to 12, a mark which would stand until the 2000 Yankees bested it in the World Series that year. Babe Ruth hit his famous "Called Shot" home run in Wrigley Field in Game 3 of that Series, a fitting "Swan Song" to his illustrious post-season career.

The DiMaggio era

The Yankees run during the 1930s could also be facetiously called the "McCarthy era", as manager Joe McCarthy (no relation to the infamous Senator of the same name) would guide the Yankees to new heights. Just as Gehrig stepped out of Ruth's considerable shadow, a new titan appeared on the horizon, in the person of Joe DiMaggio. The young center fielder from San Francisco was an immediate impact player, batting .323, hitting 29 homers and driving in 125 runs in his rookie season of 1936.

Behind the thundering Yankees bats of DiMaggio, Gehrig and Frank Crosetti, and a superb pitching staff led by Red Ruffing and Lefty Gomez and anchored by catcher Bill Dickey, the Yankees reeled off an unprecedented four consecutive World Series wins during 1936-1939. They did it without Gehrig for most of 1939, as the superstar's retirement due to ALS saddened the baseball world.

The strongest competition for the Yankees during that stretch was the Detroit Tigers, who won two pennants before that Yankees four-year stretch, and one after. When the Yankees did get into the Series, they had little trouble. During Game 2 of the 1936 Series, they pounded the Giants 18-4, still the World Series record (through 2005) for most runs by a team in one game. They took the Giants 4 games to 2 in that Series, and 4 games to 1 the next year. They also swept the Chicago Cubs in 1938, and the Cincinnati Reds in 1939.

After an off season came the Summer of 1941, a much-celebrated year, often described by sportswriters as the last great year of the "Golden Era", before World War II and other realities intervened. Ted Williams of the Red Sox was in the hunt for the elusive .400 batting average, which he achieved on the last day of the season. Meanwhile, DiMaggio, who had once hit in 61 straight games as a minor leaguer with the San Francisco Seals, began a hitting streak on May 15 which stretched to an astonishing 56 games.

A popular song by Les Brown celebrated this event, as Betty Bonney and the band members sang it: "He tied the mark at 44 / July the First, you know / Since then he's hit a good 12 more / Joltin' Joe DiMaggio / Joe, Joe DiMaggio, we want you on our side." The last game of the streak came on July 16 at Cleveland's League Park. The streak was finally snapped in a game at Cleveland Stadium the next night before a huge crowd at the lakefront. A crucial factor in ending the streak was the fielding of Cleveland third baseman Ken Keltner, who stopped two balls that DiMaggio hit hard to the left.

Modern baseball historians regard it as unlikely that anyone will ever hit .400 again, barring a change to the way the game is played; and as virtually impossible that anyone will approach DiMaggio's 56-game streak, which is so far beyond second place (44) as to be almost a statistical anomaly.

The Yankees made short work of the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1941 Series. Two months and one day after the final game of the Yanks' 4 to 1 win, the Pearl Harbor attacks occurred, and many of the best ballplayers went off to World War II. The war-thinned ranks of the major leagues nonetheless found the Yanks in the post-season again, as they traded World Series wins with the St. Louis Cardinals during 1942 and 1943.

The Yanks then went into a bit of a slump, and manager McCarthy was let go early in the 1946 season. After a couple of interim managers had come and gone, Bucky Harris was brought in and the Yankees righted the ship again, winning the 1947 pennant and facing a much-tougher Dodgers team than their 1941 counterparts, in a Series that went seven games and was a harbinger of things to come for much of the next decade.

Despite finishing only 3 games back of the pennant-winning Cleveland Indians in 1948, Harris was released, and the Yankees brought in Casey Stengel as their manager. Casey had a reputation for being somewhat of a clown and had been associated with managing excruciatingly bad teams such as the mid-1930s Boston Braves, so his selection was met with no little skepticism. His tenure would prove to the most successful in the Yankees' history up to that point. The 1949 season is another that has been written about poetically, as a Yankees team that was seen as "underdogs" came from behind to catch and surpass the powerful Red Sox on the last two days of the season, in a faceoff that could be said to be the real beginning of the modern intense rivalry between these teams. The post-season proved to be a bit easier, as the Yankees knocked off their cross-town Flatbush rivals 4 games to 1.

By this time, the Great DiMaggio's career was winding down. It has often been reported that he said he wanted to retire before he became an "ordinary" player. He was also hampered by bone spurs in his heel, which hastened the final docking of the "Yankee Clipper". As if on cue, new superstars began arriving, including the "Oklahoma Kid", Mickey Mantle, whose first year (1951) was DiMaggio's curtain call.

The 1950s and 1960s

Bettering the McCarthy-era clubs, Stengel's squad won the World Series in his first five years as manager, 1949 through 1953. The five consecutive championships won by the Yankees during this period remains the major league record. Led by players like center fielder Mickey Mantle, pitcher Whitey Ford, and catcher Yogi Berra, Stengel's teams won 10 pennants and seven World Series titles in his twelve seasons as Yankee manager.

The 1950s were also a decade of significant individual achievement for Yankee players. In 1956, Mantle won the major league triple crown, leading both leagues in batting average (.353), home runs (52), and RBIs (130).

On October 8, 1956, in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series against the Dodgers, pitcher Don Larsen threw the only perfect game in World Series history. Not only was it the only perfect game to be pitched in World Series play, it remains the only no-hitter of any kind to be pitched in postseason play. The Yankees went on to win yet another World Series that season, and Larsen earned World Series MVP honors.

Yankee players also dominated the American League MVP award, with a Yankee claiming ownership six times in the decade (1950 Rizzuto, 1951 Berra, 1954 Berra, 1955 Berra, 1956 Mantle, 1957 Mantle). Pitcher Bob Turley also won the Cy Young Award in 1958, the award's third year of existence.

For the decade, the Yankees won six World Series championships ('50, 51, '52, '53, '56, '58) and eight American League pennants. Led by Mantle, Ford, Berra, Elston Howard, and the newly acquired Roger Maris, the Yankees burst into the new decade seeking to replicate the remarkable success of the 1950s.

However, the Yankees lost the 1960 World Series in heartbreaking fashion when Bill Mazeroski hit a game-winning, series-winning home run in the bottom of the ninth inning of Game 7 off Ralph Terry. It remains the only Game 7, walk-off home run in World Series history. Stengel was blamed for the World Series loss for failing to start his ace, Ford, three times in the Series, and was replaced as manager with Ralph Houk prior to the 1961 season. Stengel himself, who had reached his seventh decade in July of that year, clearly thought the issue was age discrimination, remarking, "I'll never make the mistake of turning 70 again." Yogi Berra's assessment of the loss was the equally famous comment, "We made too many wrong mistakes."

During the 1960-61 offseason, a seemingly innocuous development may have marked the beginning of the end for this Yankees dynasty. In December of 1960, Chicago insurance executive Charlie Finley purchased the Kansas City Athletics from the estate of Arnold Johnson, who had died that March.

Johnson had acquired the then-Philadelphia Athletics from the family of Connie Mack in 1954. He was the owner of Yankee Stadium at the time, but was forced to sell the stadium by American League owners as a condition of purchasing the Athletics. Johnson was also a longtime business associate of then-Yankees owners Del Webb and Dan Topping. During Johnson's ownership, the Athletics traded many young players to the Yankees for cash and aging veterans. Maris had been acquired by the Yankees in one such trade. Many fans, and even other teams, frequently accused the Athletics of being operated as an effective farm team for the Yankees. Once Finley purchased the Athletics, he immediately terminated the team's "special relationship" with the Yankees.

In the meantime, 1961 was one of the greatest years in Yankee history. Throughout the summer, Mantle and reigning-MVP Roger Maris hit home runs at a record pace as both chased Babe Ruth's single season home run record of 60. The duo's home run prowess led the media and fans to christen them 'The M & M Boys.' Ultimately, Mantle was forced to bow out in mid-September with 54 home runs when a severe hip infection forced him from the lineup. On October 1, 1961, on the final day of the season, Maris broke the record when he sent a pitch from Boston's Tracy Stallard into the right field stands at Yankee Stadium for his 61st home run. However, by decree of Commissioner Ford Frick, separate single-season home run records were maintained to reflect the fact that Ruth hit his 60 home runs during a 154-game season, while Maris hit his 61 in the first year of the new 162-game season. Some 30 years later, on September 4, 1991, an 8-member Committee for Historical Accuracy appointed by Major League Baseball did away with the dual records, giving Maris sole possession of the single-season home run record until it was broken by Mark McGwire on September 8, 1998. (McGwire's record was later broken by Barry Bonds, whose 73 home runs in 2001 remain the major league record. Maris still holds the American League record.)

The Yankees won the pennant with a 109-53 record and went on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds in five games to win the 1961 World Series. The 109 regular season wins posted by the '61 club remain the third highest single-season total in franchise history, behind only the 1998 team's 114 regular season wins and 1927 team's 110 wins. The 1961 Yankees also clubbed a then-major league record for most home runs by a team with 240, a total not surpassed until the 1996 Baltimore Orioles hit 257 with the aid of the designated hitter. Maris won his second consecutive MVP Award while Whitey Ford captured the Cy Young.

Because of the excellence of Maris, Mantle, and World Series-MVP Ford, a fine pitching staff, stellar team defense, the team's amazing depth and power, and their overall dominance, the 1961 Yankees are universally considered to be one of the greatest teams in the history of baseball, compared often to their pinstriped-brethren, the 1927 Yankees, the 1939 Yankees, and the 1998 Yankees.

In 1962, the Yankees won their second consecutive World Series, defeating the San Francisco Giants in seven games.

The Yanks would again reach the Fall Classic in 1963, but were swept in four games by the Los Angeles Dodgers. Behind World Series-MVP Sandy Koufax, Don Drysdale, and Johnny Podres, the Dodgers starting pitchers threw four complete games and combined to give up just four runs all Series. This was the first time the Yankees were swept in a World Series.

Feeling burnt out after the season, Houk left the manager's chair to become the team's general manager and Berra, who himself had just retired from playing, was named the new manager of the Yankees.

The aging Yankees returned to the World Series in 1964 to face the St. Louis Cardinals in a Series immortalized by David Halberstam's book, October 1964. Despite a valiant performance by Mantle, including a walk-off home run in the bottom of the ninth of Game 3 off Cardinals' reliever Barney Schultz, the Yankees fell to the Cardinals in seven games. It was to be the last World Series appearance by the Yankees for 12 years.

After the 1964 season, CBS purchased the Yankees from Topping and Webb for $11.2 million. Jokesters at the time wondered if Walter Cronkite would become the manager, perhaps with Yogi Berra doing the newscasts. Topping and Webb had owned the Yankees for 20 years, missing the World Series only 5 times, and going 10-5 in the World Series.

By contrast, the CBS-owned teams never went to the World Series, and in the first year of the new ownership - 1965 - the Yankees finished in the second division for the first time in 40 years; the introduction of the major league amateur draft in 1965 also meant that the Yankees could no longer sign any player they wanted. In 1966 the team finished last in the AL for the first time since 1912, and next-to-last the following year. After that the team's fortunes improved somewhat, but they would not become serious contenders again until 1974.

Return to glory

George Steinbrenner purchased the club for $10 million on January 3, 1973 from CBS, renovated Yankee Stadium, hired and fired Billy Martin a number of times, feuded with star outfielder Reggie Jackson, and presided over the resurgence of the Yankees in the late '70s. Jackson's three home runs in the sixth and final game of the 1977 World Series against three different Dodger pitchers (earning him the nickname "Mr. October") defined the period as much as Martin and Steinbrenner.

The race for the pennant often came to a close competition between the Yankees and the Red Sox, and for fans of both clubs, a game between the two teams (whether in the regular season or post-season championship games) was cause for a rivalry that was often bitter and ruthless, with brawls frequently erupting between both players and fans from the two clubs. The Yankees-Red Sox rivalry came to a head in the 1978 season, when the two clubs finished the regular season in a tie for first place in the AL East. A playoff game between the two teams was held to decide who would go on to the pennant, with the game being held at Boston's Fenway Park (because the Red Sox had won more head-to-head games between the two teams that season). The Yankees won the day, driving a stake through the hearts of their rivals' fans when Bucky Dent drove a game-winning home run over the "Green Monster," one of several emotional moments in the team's history that had Red Sox fans wondering if their team was under some kind of a curse.

A new dynasty

The Yankees entered the 1990s as a last-place team, having spent well but not always wisely on free-agent players since their last appearance in the World Series in 1981. During the 1980s the Yankees, led by their All-Star first baseman Don Mattingly, had the most total wins out of any major league team, but failed to win a World Series (the first such decade since the 1910s). In 1990, Yankee pitcher Andy Hawkins became the first Yankees pitcher ever to lose a no-hitter, when the third baseman (Mike Blowers) committed an error, followed by 2 walks and an error by the left fielder (Jim Leyritz) with the bases loaded, scoring all 3 runners as well as the batter. The 4-0 loss (to the White Sox) was the largest margin of any no-hitter loss in the 20th century. To add to the oddity, the Yankees (and Hawkins) were no-hit by the White Sox 11 days later.

The bad judgment and bad luck of the '80s and early '90s started to change when, while owner Steinbrenner was under suspension, management was able to implement a coherent program without interference from above. Under general managers Gene Michael and Bob Watson and manager Buck Showalter, the club shifted its emphasis from buying talent to developing talent through its farm system and then holding onto it. The first significant sign of success came in 1994, when the Yankees had the best record in the AL when the season was cut short by the players' strike. A year later, the team reached the playoffs as the wild card and was eliminated only after a memorable series against the Seattle Mariners.

Showalter left after the 1995 season due to personality clashes with Steinbrenner and his staff and was replaced by Joe Torre. Initially derided as a retread choice ("Clueless Joe" ran the headline on one of the city's tabloid newspapers), Torre's smooth manner proved out as he led the Yankees to a World Series victory in 1996, defeating the Atlanta Braves in six games. General manager Bob Watson was dismissed when the Yankees failed to repeat in 1997 and was replaced by Brian Cashman, a former Yankees intern. However, the foundation laid by Michael and Watson of players like Derek Jeter, Andy Pettitte, Jorge Posada, Mariano Rivera and Bernie Williams was a significant factor in the Yankees' return to prominence. Other prominent members of the late 1990s championships teams acquired through trades included Paul O'Neill, David Cone, Tino Martinez, John Wetteland, Chuck Knoblauch, and Roger Clemens, while Jimmy Key, Wade Boggs, David Wells, Mike Stanton, and Orlando "El Duque" Hernández were signed as free agents.

The 1998-2000 Yankees were the first team to "three-peat" with World Series victories since the Oakland Athletics of the early 1970s. In 1998 and 1999, they swept the San Diego Padres and Atlanta Braves, respectively. In 2000, the Yankees met up with cross-town New York Mets for the first Subway Series since 1956 and won four games to one. In these four World Series victories, the Yankees won fourteen straight games. The Yankees are the most recent major league team to repeat as World Series champions.

The 1998 Yankees are widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest teams in baseball history, having compiled a then-AL record of 114 regular season wins against just 48 losses en route to a World Series sweep of the Padres. The '98 Yankees went 11-2 during the playoffs and finished with a combined record of 125-50, a major league record. However, their regular season record was surpassed by the 2001 Seattle Mariners, who went 116-46 before losing to the Yankees in the American League Championship Series.

The 21st century

In the emotional October 2001, following the September 11 attack on New York City's World Trade Center, the Yankees defeated the Oakland Athletics 3 games to 2 in the Division Series, and then the Seattle Mariners in the ALCS, 4 games to 1. But, the usually unhittable Mariano Rivera shockingly blew the lead - and World Series - to the Arizona Diamondbacks in the bottom of the 9th inning of Game 7. Arizona manager Bob Brenly used his pitching staff, which included Randy Johnson and Curt Schilling, very effectively. In addition, the usually potent Yankee attack turned ice-cold.

In 2003, the Yankees defeated their long-time rival the Boston Red Sox in a tough seven-game ALCS, which featured a near-brawl in Game 3 and a series-ending walk-off home run by Aaron Boone in the 11th inning of the final game, only to be defeated by the Florida Marlins - a team with a payroll a quarter of the size of the Yankees' - in the World Series, 4 games to 2.

The loss in the 2001 World Series effectively marked the end of the 1990s Yankee dynasty, as lynchpin players began to retire, not be re-signed, or traded. The Yankees' quick ejection from the 2002 playoffs at the hands of the Anaheim Angels accelerated the changes, as ownership and management began to look increasingly on free agent acquisitions and major trades. The trend continued after the 2003 World Series, culminating when the Yankees traded for the "best player in baseball", Alex Rodriguez, in February 2004. Other significant acquisitions during 2002 to 2004 included Jason Giambi, Hideki Matsui, Gary Sheffield, Kevin Brown, and Javier Vázquez.

In the 2004 American League Championship Series against the Red Sox, the Yankees became the first team in professional baseball history, and only the third team in North American pro sports history (it happened in the NHL twice), to lose a best-of-7 series after taking a 3-0 series lead. After the 2004 World Series, the Yankees needed to improve their pitching, which suffered in the huge collapse to the Red Sox. They signed pitchers Carl Pavano and Jaret Wright. The Yankees also acquired dominant lefty Randy Johnson from the Arizona Diamondbacks.

The 2005 season didn't start as it expected to be, once they were in last place in the American League East division. Pavano and Wright struggled, so did Johnson. As the season went on, the Yankees got better and slugger Jason Giambi started to hit again. Most of the season, the Yankees were chasing the Boston Red Sox for the division title. The Yankees seemed destined to win the division, and they did.

In the 2005 Division Series, the Angels defeated the Yankees in five games in the first round of the postseason, winning the final game by a score of 5-3. After the 2005 season, the Yankees needed to get younger and more athletic. In the 2005-2006 offseason, general manager Brian Cashman took control of the Yankees, because owner George Steinbrenner and his advisors signed older talented players after the 2001 season. From the end of the 2005 World Series to December 2005, the baseball world noticed that the Yankees were patient with signing free agents. On December 23, 2005, the Yankees stunned the baseball world by signing center fielder Johnny Damon from the rival Red Sox, where he was a marquee player.

Many explanations have been given for the lack of Yankee World Series titles since 2000. These include depletion of the Yankee farm system because of trades and free agent acquisitions, the aging or departure of the players who had formed the core of the Yankees during the late 1990s, and allegedly poor coaching (like the overuse of Mariano Rivera in the 2001 World Series). Buster Olney, in his book The Last Night of the Yankee Dynasty, argues that George Steinbrenner's management style resulted in the players burning out psychologically. Several sabermetricians have argued that success in the playoffs is largely the result of luck. This argument is bolstered by the fact that the production of the Yankees' core players has decreased steadily since their 1996 World Series title.

One particularly creative explanation jokingly proposed by blogger Larry Mahnken is the "Curse of Clay Bellinger". By analogy with the Curse of the Bambino, Mahnken points to the departure of utility player Clay Bellinger from the Yankee roster following the 2001 season and asserts that the Yankees will never again win the World Series until either they make amends to Bellinger or they win the championship anyway. The tautology is part of the joke.

Despite their most recent drought in World Series championships, the Yankees have continued to perform well in the regular season, recently winning their eighth straight AL East division title. In September 2005, the club set a new American League home attendance record of 4,090,696. The Yankees are only the third franchise in sports history to draw over 4 million in regular season attendance at their own ballpark (the others being the 1993 Toronto Blue Jays with 4,057,947 and the 1993 Colorado Rockies with 4,483,350).

Controversy

The Yankees are a notable team not only for their impressive history on the field, but also for their financial situation. The current ownership spends more on player salaries than any other franchise in baseball. As of 2005, the team payroll is more than $208 million, which is $85 million more than the second-highest team, the Red Sox, and more than the five lowest-payroll teams combined [4]. Frustrated after being outbid for pitcher Jose Contreras prior to the 2003 season, Red Sox CEO Larry Lucchino even went so far as to dub the Yankees the "Evil Empire," a characterization that is primarily popular among Red Sox fans.

It is a heated debate whether the Yankees' free-spending is positive or negative for baseball, and whether a strict salary cap would make the sport fairer and increase parity among the large-market and small-market teams. The following are arguments for and against these spending practices:

For:

Against:

In 2003, the Office of Foreign Assets Control reported that the Yankees engaged in illegal trade with Cuba and had to settle with the United States government for US$75,000 [6].

Quick facts

Postseason appearances

Baseball Hall of Famers

(Affiliation according to National Baseball Hall of Fame; R. Jackson is affiliated with the Athletics, but wears a Yankee cap[7][8][9])

Further information: New York Yankees: Award Winners and League Leaders

Current roster

40-man roster

Updated on January 27, 2006  

Coaching Staff

Manager

Coaches



Minor league affiliations


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. The disc contained Star Wait, a documentary about Star Wars fans who had waited in line for Episodes II and III.
. Target stores also offered a bonus disc with the Revenge of the Sith DVD. Coaches. The footage used contains no scenes from Revenge of the Sith nor does it have the changes contained in the 2004 DVD Special Edition releases. Manager. The DVD version contains the content from the first two discs: The Story of Anakin Skywalker and The Story of Luke Skywalker.

Updated on January 27, 2006  . Presented in full frame with Dolby Digital 2.0 sound and running 1 hour in total, it was originally produced and released in 2004 as a 3-disc collection for the VideoNow Color personal video player. Jackson is affiliated with the Athletics, but wears a Yankee cap[7][8][9]). The sticker on the cover describes it as "R2-D2 and C-3P0's chronicles of Luke and Anakin Skywalker". (Affiliation according to National Baseball Hall of Fame; R. [5] As with many previous Star Wars "history" featurettes, it is hosted with newly shot footage by the droid duo, R2-D2 and C-3PO. In 2003, the Office of Foreign Assets Control reported that the Yankees engaged in illegal trade with Cuba and had to settle with the United States government for US$75,000 [6]. Wal-Mart stores included an exclusive bonus disc, entitled The Story of Star Wars, with some copies of Revenge of the Sith, when it arrived on DVD.

Against:. Disc 2:. For:. Disc 1:. The following are arguments for and against these spending practices:. [4]. It is a heated debate whether the Yankees' free-spending is positive or negative for baseball, and whether a strict salary cap would make the sport fairer and increase parity among the large-market and small-market teams. Together with Star Wars: Battlefront II, the DVD has earned around $280 million as of November 8, 2005.

Frustrated after being outbid for pitcher Jose Contreras prior to the 2003 season, Red Sox CEO Larry Lucchino even went so far as to dub the Yankees the "Evil Empire," a characterization that is primarily popular among Red Sox fans. A playable demo of Star Wars: Battlefront II was also included on the DVD. As of 2005, the team payroll is more than $208 million, which is $85 million more than the second-highest team, the Red Sox, and more than the five lowest-payroll teams combined [4]. The 15 part web documentary series, "Making Episode III", is also included in the set. The current ownership spends more on player salaries than any other franchise in baseball. The DVD includes a new full-length documentary as well as two featurettes, one which explores the prophecy of Anakin Skywalker as the Chosen One, the other looking at the movie's stunts. The Yankees are a notable team not only for their impressive history on the field, but also for their financial situation. The DVD was a two-disc set, with picture and sound mastered from the original digital source material.

The Yankees are only the third franchise in sports history to draw over 4 million in regular season attendance at their own ballpark (the others being the 1993 Toronto Blue Jays with 4,057,947 and the 1993 Colorado Rockies with 4,483,350). Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD on November 1, 2005 in the United States. In September 2005, the club set a new American League home attendance record of 4,090,696. In the latter mode, two players team up to combat increasingly difficult waves of enemies. Despite their most recent drought in World Series championships, the Yankees have continued to perform well in the regular season, recently winning their eighth straight AL East division title. In the first mode, two players fight with characters of their choice against each other in a lightsaber duel to the death. The tautology is part of the joke. It also has a form of multiplayer mode, which includes both "VS" and "Co-Player" mode.

By analogy with the Curse of the Bambino, Mahnken points to the departure of utility player Clay Bellinger from the Yankee roster following the 2001 season and asserts that the Yankees will never again win the World Series until either they make amends to Bellinger or they win the championship anyway. After the death of Obi-Wan, Anakin proceeds to kill Palpatine, and take over the galaxy. One particularly creative explanation jokingly proposed by blogger Larry Mahnken is the "Curse of Clay Bellinger". One unique and popular aspect of the game was that it included an alternate ending, which functioned as such to both the game and the movie, which involved Anakin killing Obi-Wan, instead of Obi-Wan defeating Anakin as in the movie. This argument is bolstered by the fact that the production of the Yankees' core players has decreased steadily since their 1996 World Series title. The style of the game was mostly lightsaber combat and fighting as Obi-Wan or Anakin. Several sabermetricians have argued that success in the playoffs is largely the result of luck. However, many sections of the game featured cut scenes from the movie, or entirely new scenes for the game.

Buster Olney, in his book The Last Night of the Yankee Dynasty, argues that George Steinbrenner's management style resulted in the players burning out psychologically. The game followed the movie's storyline, for the most part, integrating scenes from the movie. These include depletion of the Yankee farm system because of trades and free agent acquisitions, the aging or departure of the players who had formed the core of the Yankees during the late 1990s, and allegedly poor coaching (like the overuse of Mariano Rivera in the 2001 World Series). A video game, based on the film, was released on May 5, 2005, two weeks before the film. Many explanations have been given for the lack of Yankee World Series titles since 2000. In addition to this, the siege of the Jedi Temple is slightly more violent than the cinematic version is. On December 23, 2005, the Yankees stunned the baseball world by signing center fielder Johnny Damon from the rival Red Sox, where he was a marquee player. For example, during the Battle of Coruscant, Anakin's callsign is Red 5, a reference to Luke's callsign in the Battle of Yavin.

From the end of the 2005 World Series to December 2005, the baseball world noticed that the Yankees were patient with signing free agents. The novel includes many little details that some Star Wars fans are likely to appreciate. In the 2005-2006 offseason, general manager Brian Cashman took control of the Yankees, because owner George Steinbrenner and his advisors signed older talented players after the 2001 season. The novelization includes much more dialog than the movie, including a conversation between Count Dooku and Darth Sidious, where the reader learns Palpatine lied to Dooku about what the Empire would truly be. After the 2005 season, the Yankees needed to get younger and more athletic. A book version of the movie was written by Matthew Stover. In the 2005 Division Series, the Angels defeated the Yankees in five games in the first round of the postseason, winning the final game by a score of 5-3. This album was chosen as one of Amazon.com's Top 100 Editor's Picks of 2005 (#83).

The Yankees seemed destined to win the division, and they did. The DVD features 16 music videos set to remastered selections of music from all six film scores, set chronologically through the saga. Most of the season, the Yankees were chasing the Boston Red Sox for the division title. The soundtrack also came with a collectors' DVD, Star Wars: A Musical Journey, at no additional cost. As the season went on, the Yankees got better and slugger Jason Giambi started to hit again. A music video titled A Hero Falls was created for the film's theme, Battle of the Heroes, featuring footage from the film. Pavano and Wright struggled, so did Johnson. John Williams was also composer and conductor of the score for the other five films in the Star Wars saga.

The 2005 season didn't start as it expected to be, once they were in last place in the American League East division. The music was composed and conducted by John Williams, and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices. The Yankees also acquired dominant lefty Randy Johnson from the Arizona Diamondbacks. The soundtrack to the film was released by Sony Classical on May 3, 2005, more than two weeks before the release of the film. They signed pitchers Carl Pavano and Jaret Wright. Lucas' coverage of the exterior cityscapes, skylines and interior isolation is similar to the cinematography and mis-en-scene of Roman Polanski, particularly in The Pianist, The Tenant and Rosemary's Baby, a film in which a husband makes a literal pact with the devil. After the 2004 World Series, the Yankees needed to improve their pitching, which suffered in the huge collapse to the Red Sox. Midway in the film, Lucas intercuts between Anakin and Padmé by themselves, thinking about one another in the Jedi Temple and their apartment, respectively during sunset, in a sequence without dialog and complimented by a moody, synthesized soundtrack.

In the 2004 American League Championship Series against the Red Sox, the Yankees became the first team in professional baseball history, and only the third team in North American pro sports history (it happened in the NHL twice), to lose a best-of-7 series after taking a 3-0 series lead. McDiarmid, Lucas, and others have also called Anakin's journey to the dark side faustian in the sense of making a "pact with the devil" for short-term gain. Other significant acquisitions during 2002 to 2004 included Jason Giambi, Hideki Matsui, Gary Sheffield, Kevin Brown, and Javier Vázquez. In both cases, jealousy drives the husband to strangle his wife. The trend continued after the 2003 World Series, culminating when the Yankees traded for the "best player in baseball", Alex Rodriguez, in February 2004. In Revenge of the Sith, Vader comes to believe that his wife, Padmé, has betrayed him to his former master, Obi-Wan. The Yankees' quick ejection from the 2002 playoffs at the hands of the Anaheim Angels accelerated the changes, as ownership and management began to look increasingly on free agent acquisitions and major trades. In Othello, the title character is led to believe by Iago that his wife has committed adultery with his confidante and lieutenant.

The loss in the 2001 World Series effectively marked the end of the 1990s Yankee dynasty, as lynchpin players began to retire, not be re-signed, or traded. Palpatine's scheming manipulations of Anakin have been compared by many, including McDiarmid himself, to those of Iago, the villain of Shakespeare's Othello. In 2003, the Yankees defeated their long-time rival the Boston Red Sox in a tough seven-game ALCS, which featured a near-brawl in Game 3 and a series-ending walk-off home run by Aaron Boone in the 11th inning of the final game, only to be defeated by the Florida Marlins - a team with a payroll a quarter of the size of the Yankees' - in the World Series, 4 games to 2. Lucas' editing schemes during Order 66, the slaughter of the Separatists and the declaration of the Galactic Empire is reminiscent of the montage of massacres during the christening scene of The Godfather, a film directed by mentor Francis Ford Coppola. In addition, the usually potent Yankee attack turned ice-cold. The close-ups on Grevious's and Obi-Wan's eyes is likely an homage to the work of Sergio Leone, whose protracted gunfights featured such extreme close-ups, especially in The Good, The Bad and The Ugly. Arizona manager Bob Brenly used his pitching staff, which included Randy Johnson and Curt Schilling, very effectively. The lightsaber duel between Obi-Wan and the four-armed skeletal cyborg General Grevious echoes similar fight sequences in Ray Harryhausen's filmography, particularly the fights involving animated skeletons and multi-armed statues in Jason and the Argonauts and the Sinbad the Sailor series.

But, the usually unhittable Mariano Rivera shockingly blew the lead - and World Series - to the Arizona Diamondbacks in the bottom of the 9th inning of Game 7. Based on the scene in the opera, it has been speculated that either Palpatine or Plagueis manipulated the Force to create Anakin, thus being Anakin's "father", but this has been neither confirmed nor denied, and was purposefully left ambiguous. In the emotional October 2001, following the September 11 attack on New York City's World Trade Center, the Yankees defeated the Oakland Athletics 3 games to 2 in the Division Series, and then the Seattle Mariners in the ALCS, 4 games to 1. Also, Rotwang builds the android whose appearance heavily influenced the image of Lucas' C-3PO, who was built, in The Phantom Menace, by Anakin. However, their regular season record was surpassed by the 2001 Seattle Mariners, who went 116-46 before losing to the Yankees in the American League Championship Series. Both Anakin and Rotwang wear a menacing leather glove on one hand and concentrate on saving —or resurrecting— a lost loved one. The '98 Yankees went 11-2 during the playoffs and finished with a combined record of 125-50, a major league record. Anakin also bears a resemblance to a villainous character played by Klein-Rogge from a film by Lang —the mad scientist Rotwang from the classic film Metropolis.

The 1998 Yankees are widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest teams in baseball history, having compiled a then-AL record of 114 regular season wins against just 48 losses en route to a World Series sweep of the Padres. Mabuse, particularly as portrayed by German actor Rudolph Klein-Rogge in director Fritz Lang's films. The Yankees are the most recent major league team to repeat as World Series champions. Palpatine's appearance and actions are also reminiscent of Dr. In these four World Series victories, the Yankees won fourteen straight games. The very idea of the individual slaughter of the Jedi, order 66, is reminiscent of the coup of the Knights Templar by Pope Clement V on Friday the thirteenth, 1307. In 2000, the Yankees met up with cross-town New York Mets for the first Subway Series since 1956 and won four games to one. In Lucas' film, the wife herself is a liberal senator.

In 1998 and 1999, they swept the San Diego Padres and Atlanta Braves, respectively. In Frankenheimer's film, the wife is the daughter of a liberal senator. The 1998-2000 Yankees were the first team to "three-peat" with World Series victories since the Oakland Athletics of the early 1970s. Also, in both films, the brainwashed assassin eventually murders —or is led to believe he has murdered— his own wife. Other prominent members of the late 1990s championships teams acquired through trades included Paul O'Neill, David Cone, Tino Martinez, John Wetteland, Chuck Knoblauch, and Roger Clemens, while Jimmy Key, Wade Boggs, David Wells, Mike Stanton, and Orlando "El Duque" Hernández were signed as free agents. Palpatine's fabrication of a Jedi "coup d'etat" is comparable to the plot of the John Frankenheimer thriller Seven Days in May, while his conversion of Anakin to the dark side and motivating him to assassinate his political enemies in order to aid his ascent to dictatorial powers are more close to the content of Frankenheimer's previous film, The Manchurian Candidate. However, the foundation laid by Michael and Watson of players like Derek Jeter, Andy Pettitte, Jorge Posada, Mariano Rivera and Bernie Williams was a significant factor in the Yankees' return to prominence. Anakin's execution of Dooku mimics the scissor-beheadings of Ridley Scott's film Gladiator, and the subsequent run across the elevator shaft walls while the spaceship is falling in battle echoes the disastrous situations of The Poseidon Adventure.

General manager Bob Watson was dismissed when the Yankees failed to repeat in 1997 and was replaced by Brian Cashman, a former Yankees intern. Early on the Jedi navigate their way through General Grevious' ship by traversing elevator shafts, thematically and visually echoing the tradition of post-Die Hard action movies and Lars von Trier's mini-series Riget (The Kingdom). Initially derided as a retread choice ("Clueless Joe" ran the headline on one of the city's tabloid newspapers), Torre's smooth manner proved out as he led the Yankees to a World Series victory in 1996, defeating the Atlanta Braves in six games. Throughout Revenge of the Sith Lucas refers to a wide range of films and other sources drawing on political, military and mythological motifs to enhance the impact of his story. Showalter left after the 1995 season due to personality clashes with Steinbrenner and his staff and was replaced by Joe Torre. Worldwide gross eventually reached $848,466,209, ranking 12th all-time and the 2nd worldwide in 2005, right behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.. A year later, the team reached the playoffs as the wild card and was eliminated only after a memorable series against the Seattle Mariners. Revenge of the Sith was released in 115 countries.

The first significant sign of success came in 1994, when the Yankees had the best record in the AL when the season was cut short by the players' strike. history.). Under general managers Gene Michael and Bob Watson and manager Buck Showalter, the club shifted its emphasis from buying talent to developing talent through its farm system and then holding onto it. (Taking ticket-price inflation into account, it is the 55th highest grossing movie in U.S. The bad judgment and bad luck of the '80s and early '90s started to change when, while owner Steinbrenner was under suspension, management was able to implement a coherent program without interference from above. Its total of $380,270,577 ranks it 7th all-time domestically, the highest-grossing movie of 2005 by a margin of over $100 million. To add to the oddity, the Yankees (and Hawkins) were no-hit by the White Sox 11 days later. It apparently stopped running in domestic theaters on October 20, 2005.

The 4-0 loss (to the White Sox) was the largest margin of any no-hitter loss in the 20th century. It was the third fastest (after Shrek 2 and Spider-Man) to reach $350 million. In 1990, Yankee pitcher Andy Hawkins became the first Yankees pitcher ever to lose a no-hitter, when the third baseman (Mike Blowers) committed an error, followed by 2 walks and an error by the left fielder (Jim Leyritz) with the bases loaded, scoring all 3 runners as well as the batter. It became the only film to tie Spider-Man 2's record of eight days to $200 million, and with $25,088,336 in its third weekend (June 3-5) it had passed $300 million on Saturday, its 17th day, surpassing the record of 18 days held by Shrek 2. During the 1980s the Yankees, led by their All-Star first baseman Don Mattingly, had the most total wins out of any major league team, but failed to win a World Series (the first such decade since the 1910s). It joins Spider-Man, The Matrix Reloaded and Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire as the only movies to make $100 million in three days. The Yankees entered the 1990s as a last-place team, having spent well but not always wisely on free-agent players since their last appearance in the World Series in 1981. It totaled $158.5 million in its first four-day period, surpassing the previous four-day record held by The Matrix Reloaded ($134.3 million) and making it the second highest grossing movie of 2005 after just four days in release (behind Hitch, $177.6 million, which it passed on its fifth day).

The Yankees won the day, driving a stake through the hearts of their rivals' fans when Bucky Dent drove a game-winning home run over the "Green Monster," one of several emotional moments in the team's history that had Red Sox fans wondering if their team was under some kind of a curse. According to the box office prediction and analysis site Box Office Mojo, Revenge of the Sith set domestic records for highest gross in a given number of days for each of at least its first twelve days of release except for the seventh and eighth, where the record is narrowly held by Spider-Man 2. A playoff game between the two teams was held to decide who would go on to the pennant, with the game being held at Boston's Fenway Park (because the Red Sox had won more head-to-head games between the two teams that season). This broke several box office records:. The Yankees-Red Sox rivalry came to a head in the 1978 season, when the two clubs finished the regular season in a tie for first place in the AL East. In total, it earned a record $50 million on its opening day. The race for the pennant often came to a close competition between the Yankees and the Red Sox, and for fans of both clubs, a game between the two teams (whether in the regular season or post-season championship games) was cause for a rivalry that was often bitter and ruthless, with brawls frequently erupting between both players and fans from the two clubs. The film earned an estimated $16.5 million from 2,900 midnight screenings in North America upon its release.

October") defined the period as much as Martin and Steinbrenner. One nomination:. Jackson's three home runs in the sixth and final game of the 1977 World Series against three different Dodger pitchers (earning him the nickname "Mr. One nomination:. George Steinbrenner purchased the club for $10 million on January 3, 1973 from CBS, renovated Yankee Stadium, hired and fired Billy Martin a number of times, feuded with star outfielder Reggie Jackson, and presided over the resurgence of the Yankees in the late '70s. In contrast with the previous two prequels, these flaws are generally seen as minor and not obtrusive to the film. After that the team's fortunes improved somewhat, but they would not become serious contenders again until 1974. As with earlier prequels, many felt that Lucas did not draw out the potential of Natalie Portman's performance, but this is partially because her entire sub-plot (as a founding member of the Rebel Alliance, alongside Bail Organa and Mon Mothma) was cut from the film-- it's restored in the DVD, however.

In 1966 the team finished last in the AL for the first time since 1912, and next-to-last the following year. Many critics were pleased with the acting, however, with Christensen's depiction of a more mature Anakin Skywalker and Ian McDiarmid's charismatic turn as the ascendant Chancellor Palpatine receiving the most acclaim. By contrast, the CBS-owned teams never went to the World Series, and in the first year of the new ownership - 1965 - the Yankees finished in the second division for the first time in 40 years; the introduction of the major league amateur draft in 1965 also meant that the Yankees could no longer sign any player they wanted. Despite the generally positive reception, many critics asserted Lucas' continued weakness with dialogue in general, particularly with the romantic plot-line. Topping and Webb had owned the Yankees for 20 years, missing the World Series only 5 times, and going 10-5 in the World Series. Lucas has directed," and equal to The Empire Strikes Back as "the richest and most challenging movie in the cycle.". Jokesters at the time wondered if Walter Cronkite would become the manager, perhaps with Yogi Berra doing the newscasts. Scott of the New York Times concluded that it was "the best of the four episodes Mr.

After the 1964 season, CBS purchased the Yankees from Topping and Webb for $11.2 million. O. It was to be the last World Series appearance by the Yankees for 12 years. A. Despite a valiant performance by Mantle, including a walk-off home run in the bottom of the ninth of Game 3 off Cardinals' reliever Barney Schultz, the Yankees fell to the Cardinals in seven games. Some critics have noted that they view it to be the best of the prequels, while other reviewers have judged it to be the best Star Wars film since Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. Louis Cardinals in a Series immortalized by David Halberstam's book, October 1964. Film review site Rotten Tomatoes gave it a rating of 82% based on 229 reviews, compared to the 63% and 65% received by Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace and Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones, respectively.

The aging Yankees returned to the World Series in 1964 to face the St. Critical reaction towards the film was largely enthusiastic, especially in comparison to the two previous prequels. Feeling burnt out after the season, Houk left the manager's chair to become the team's general manager and Berra, who himself had just retired from playing, was named the new manager of the Yankees. A New Hope also contained a very mild amount of what some consider adult language, such as "damn" and "hell." Revenge of the Sith contains no such content. This was the first time the Yankees were swept in a World Series. A New Hope was originally rated G, but its rating was deliberately pushed up in order to attract a broader audience. Behind World Series-MVP Sandy Koufax, Don Drysdale, and Johnny Podres, the Dodgers starting pitchers threw four complete games and combined to give up just four runs all Series. All previously released films in the series, except for A New Hope, were rated PG.

The Yanks would again reach the Fall Classic in 1963, but were swept in four games by the Los Angeles Dodgers. Due to its dark undertones and scenes of violence, Revenge of the Sith is the first and only Star Wars film to receive a PG-13 rating from the MPAA. In 1962, the Yankees won their second consecutive World Series, defeating the San Francisco Giants in seven games. Both rips are widely spread and available in popular P2P networks. Because of the excellence of Maris, Mantle, and World Series-MVP Ford, a fine pitching staff, stellar team defense, the team's amazing depth and power, and their overall dominance, the 1961 Yankees are universally considered to be one of the greatest teams in the history of baseball, compared often to their pinstriped-brethren, the 1927 Yankees, the 1939 Yankees, and the 1998 Yankees. Then, on June 4th, 2005, an Internal Xvid Rip version of the film was leaked into P2P file sharing networks as well, which was the final, theatrical cut of the movie seen in theaters, and was a much higher fidelity version of the film than the workprint one, although still not quite as good as the theatrical release, and was also wasn't a Telecine transfer yet, due to vibrations and frame-skips during certain moments in the movie. Maris won his second consecutive MVP Award while Whitey Ford captured the Cy Young. The movie was a time-stamped workprint, suggesting it may have come from within the industry rather than from someone who videotaped an advance screening.

The 1961 Yankees also clubbed a then-major league record for most home runs by a team with 240, a total not surpassed until the 1996 Baltimore Orioles hit 257 with the aid of the designated hitter. A copy of the movie leaked into P2P file sharing networks just hours after opening in theaters. The 109 regular season wins posted by the '61 club remain the third highest single-season total in franchise history, behind only the 1998 team's 114 regular season wins and 1927 team's 110 wins. Most of them took advantage of an offer to see the film at a nearby cinema, the Arclight. The Yankees won the pennant with a 109-53 record and went on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds in five games to win the 1961 World Series. However, a line of people stood there for more than a month hoping to convince someone to change this. Maris still holds the American League record.). Grauman's Chinese Theatre, a traditional venue for the Star Wars films, did not show it.

(McGwire's record was later broken by Barry Bonds, whose 73 home runs in 2001 remain the major league record. The global outplacement firm Challenger, Gray & Christmas claimed before the premiere that it may have cost the US economy approximately US$627 million because of employees who took a day off or reported in sick. Some 30 years later, on September 4, 1991, an 8-member Committee for Historical Accuracy appointed by Major League Baseball did away with the dual records, giving Maris sole possession of the single-season home run record until it was broken by Mark McGwire on September 8, 1998. It was released in most other countries on May 19, six years to the day after the release of The Phantom Menace (A New Hope and Return of the Jedi were also released on the same day, six years apart). However, by decree of Commissioner Ford Frick, separate single-season home run records were maintained to reflect the fact that Ruth hit his 60 home runs during a 154-game season, while Maris hit his 61 in the first year of the new 162-game season. Revenge of the Sith premiered at the Cannes Film Festival (out of competition) on 15 May 2005. On October 1, 1961, on the final day of the season, Maris broke the record when he sent a pitch from Boston's Tracy Stallard into the right field stands at Yankee Stadium for his 61st home run. The Revenge of the Sith novel was released two months before the premiere and the actual script was leaked on the Internet a few days later.

The duo's home run prowess led the media and fans to christen them 'The M & M Boys.' Ultimately, Mantle was forced to bow out in mid-September with 54 home runs when a severe hip infection forced him from the lineup. Many times the stars, and Lucas himself, were spotted on the cam. Throughout the summer, Mantle and reigning-MVP Roger Maris hit home runs at a record pace as both chased Babe Ruth's single season home run record of 60. Not only did Hyperspace members receive special articles, but they also received many other benefits, such as a webcam, which transmitted a new image every 20 seconds during the time it was on from Fox Studios Australia. In the meantime, 1961 was one of the greatest years in Yankee history. Members of Hyperspace, the Official Star Wars Fan Club, received a special look into the production. Once Finley purchased the Athletics, he immediately terminated the team's "special relationship" with the Yankees. According to an interview with Hayden Christensen in Playboy magazine, playwright Tom Stoppard did an uncredited rewrite and dialogue polish on the script.

Many fans, and even other teams, frequently accused the Athletics of being operated as an effective farm team for the Yankees. It is rumored that the scenes he worked on included the Yoda/Palpatine battle and a part of the Mustafar duel. Maris had been acquired by the Yankees in one such trade. Lucas sent over an animatics artist to assist him. During Johnson's ownership, the Athletics traded many young players to the Yankees for cash and aging veterans. This happened when a project of his fell through and he had some spare time. Johnson was also a longtime business associate of then-Yankees owners Del Webb and Dan Topping. Lucas confirmed in an interview that Steven Spielberg tinkered with several action sequences in Sith.

He was the owner of Yankee Stadium at the time, but was forced to sell the stadium by American League owners as a condition of purchasing the Athletics. The long process of post-production continued until weeks before the film was released in 2005. Johnson had acquired the then-Philadelphia Athletics from the family of Connie Mack in 1954. George Lucas finished the script of the film only five days before the beginning of principal photography. In December of 1960, Chicago insurance executive Charlie Finley purchased the Kansas City Athletics from the estate of Arnold Johnson, who had died that March. Principal photography on the film occurred from June 30 to September 17, 2003 at Fox Studios Australia. During the 1960-61 offseason, a seemingly innocuous development may have marked the beginning of the end for this Yankees dynasty. The film was produced with a budget of US$113 million, making it the least expensive of the three prequel films.

Stengel himself, who had reached his seventh decade in July of that year, clearly thought the issue was age discrimination, remarking, "I'll never make the mistake of turning 70 again." Yogi Berra's assessment of the loss was the equally famous comment, "We made too many wrong mistakes.". It was later adapted into a script from 2003 to 2004. Stengel was blamed for the World Series loss for failing to start his ace, Ford, three times in the Series, and was replaced as manager with Ralph Houk prior to the 1961 season. The film's story was written by Lucas, in the form of a basic plot outline, in 1973. It remains the only Game 7, walk-off home run in World Series history. She claimed this was because she posed for the June 2005 issue of Playboy magazine, whose appearance on newsstands coincided with the movie's May release, but Lucas denied this, stating that the cut had been made more than a year earlier, and that he had cut his own daughter's scenes as well. However, the Yankees lost the 1960 World Series in heartbreaking fashion when Bill Mazeroski hit a game-winning, series-winning home run in the bottom of the ninth inning of Game 7 off Ralph Terry. Bai Ling filmed minor scenes for the film playing the role of a senator, but her role was cut during editing.

Led by Mantle, Ford, Berra, Elston Howard, and the newly acquired Roger Maris, the Yankees burst into the new decade seeking to replicate the remarkable success of the 1950s. (However, the final storyline in the Republic comic series reveals that Vos escaped this initial attack.). For the decade, the Yankees won six World Series championships ('50, 51, '52, '53, '56, '58) and eight American League pennants. Expanded Universe character Quinlan Vos' death scene was never filmed, though his death was implied (but not explicitly shown) in the comic adaptation. Pitcher Bob Turley also won the Cy Young Award in 1958, the award's third year of existence. The death scene of Shaak Ti is a DVD deleted scene. Yankee players also dominated the American League MVP award, with a Yankee claiming ownership six times in the decade (1950 Rizzuto, 1951 Berra, 1954 Berra, 1955 Berra, 1956 Mantle, 1957 Mantle). The deaths of Barriss Offee and Luminara Unduli were either cut from the film or never filmed in the first place.

The Yankees went on to win yet another World Series that season, and Larsen earned World Series MVP honors. Many Order 66 scenes were cut. Not only was it the only perfect game to be pitched in World Series play, it remains the only no-hitter of any kind to be pitched in postseason play. The scene where Yoda arrives on Dagobah to begin his self-imposed exile was also cut, but is featured in a deleted scene in the DVD release. On October 8, 1956, in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series against the Dodgers, pitcher Don Larsen threw the only perfect game in World Series history. (Due to the dating supported by Expanded Universe sources, and the fact that Chewbacca is still on Kashyyyk at the time, the pilot of the Falcon in the cameo is the previous owner(s) to Lando Calrissian and Han Solo, as Lando and Han were children at the time.) It is one of the ships landing in the background. In 1956, Mantle won the major league triple crown, leading both leagues in batting average (.353), home runs (52), and RBIs (130). However, the Millennium Falcon makes an appearance in the scene in which Anakin and Obi-wan return to Coruscant.

The 1950s were also a decade of significant individual achievement for Yankee players. George Lucas wrote early drafts of the script in which a 10-year-old Han Solo appeared, but the role was never cast or shot. Led by players like center fielder Mickey Mantle, pitcher Whitey Ford, and catcher Yogi Berra, Stengel's teams won 10 pennants and seven World Series titles in his twelve seasons as Yankee manager. Scenes with Captain Needa and Mon Mothma were deleted. The five consecutive championships won by the Yankees during this period remains the major league record. Ultimately, his audition was never chosen. Bettering the McCarthy-era clubs, Stengel's squad won the World Series in his first five years as manager, 1949 through 1953. According to him, Gary Oldman is a friend of Rick McCallum, and recorded an audition as a favor to him.

As if on cue, new superstars began arriving, including the "Oklahoma Kid", Mickey Mantle, whose first year (1951) was DiMaggio's curtain call. Matthew Wood, who ultimately voiced Grievous, disputed this story at Celebration III, held in Indianapolis. He was also hampered by bone spurs in his heel, which hastened the final docking of the "Yankee Clipper". Out of respect and solidarity with the other members of the guild, he chose to back out of the role rather than violate the union's rules. It has often been reported that he said he wanted to retire before he became an "ordinary" player. However, complications arose during contract negotiations after Oldman learned the film was to be made outside of the Screen Actor's Guild, of which he is a member. By this time, the Great DiMaggio's career was winding down. Gary Oldman was originally approached to provide the voice of General Grievous, and he accepted.

The post-season proved to be a bit easier, as the Yankees knocked off their cross-town Flatbush rivals 4 games to 1. Also in the movie was Jeremy Bulloch (Boba Fett in the original trilogy), who played a speaking role as Captain Colton, the pilot of the Rebel Blockade Runner Tantive IV. The 1949 season is another that has been written about poetically, as a Yankees team that was seen as "underdogs" came from behind to catch and surpass the powerful Red Sox on the last two days of the season, in a faceoff that could be said to be the real beginning of the modern intense rivalry between these teams. Nick Gillard, the stunt coordinator, plays a character named Cin Drallig (his name spelled backwards). His tenure would prove to the most successful in the Yankees' history up to that point. Much of the crew also make cameos in the film. Casey had a reputation for being somewhat of a clown and had been associated with managing excruciatingly bad teams such as the mid-1930s Boston Braves, so his selection was met with no little skepticism. His three children also play cameos: his son, Jett, as a young Jedi-in-training called Zett Jukassa killed defending the Jedi Temple against clone troopers; his daughter, Amanda, as a character called Terr Taneel, seen in the security hologram; and daughter Katie as a blue-skinned alien called Chi Eekway, visible when Palpatine arrives at the Senate after being saved by the Jedi, and talking to Baron Papanoida at the Opera House.

Despite finishing only 3 games back of the pennant-winning Cleveland Indians in 1948, Harris was released, and the Yankees brought in Casey Stengel as their manager. It marks Lucas' first and only appearance in any of the Star Wars films. After a couple of interim managers had come and gone, Bucky Harris was brought in and the Yankees righted the ship again, winning the 1947 pennant and facing a much-tougher Dodgers team than their 1941 counterparts, in a Series that went seven games and was a harbinger of things to come for much of the next decade. George Lucas makes an appearance at the Coruscant Opera House as a blue faced being named Baron Papanoida, that can be seen outside Palpatine's box. The Yanks then went into a bit of a slump, and manager McCarthy was let go early in the 1946 season. The film concludes with Beru, Luke, and Owen staring out over the desert at Tatooine's twin suns. Louis Cardinals during 1942 and 1943. In space, onboard a Star Destroyer, Darth Vader and the Emperor oversee what is either the construction of the first Death Star or the Death Star prototype.[1] Leia is brought to Alderaan to live with the Queen, and Luke is brought to Tatooine to live with Owen and Beru.

The war-thinned ranks of the major leagues nonetheless found the Yanks in the post-season again, as they traded World Series wins with the St. On Naboo, Padme's parents hold her funeral. Two months and one day after the final game of the Yanks' 4 to 1 win, the Pearl Harbor attacks occurred, and many of the best ballplayers went off to World War II. Obi-Wan and Yoda will watch and wait until the time is ready for the Skywalker children to do their part in the battle against the Sith. The Yankees made short work of the Brooklyn Dodgers in the 1941 Series. Aboard the Tantive IV, Obi-Wan, Yoda, and Bail Organa agree to keep the children hidden and separated. Modern baseball historians regard it as unlikely that anyone will ever hit .400 again, barring a change to the way the game is played; and as virtually impossible that anyone will approach DiMaggio's 56-game streak, which is so far beyond second place (44) as to be almost a statistical anomaly. When Palpatine tells Vader that he killed Padmé, Vader unleashes a furious scream in a rage that distorts and destroys droids and equipment in the room.

A crucial factor in ending the streak was the fielding of Cleveland third baseman Ken Keltner, who stopped two balls that DiMaggio hit hard to the left. On Coruscant, occurring simultaneously in the film with the birth of his children, Vader is given a special suit that keeps him alive. The streak was finally snapped in a game at Cleveland Stadium the next night before a huge crowd at the lakefront. Just before she dies, Padmé says there is still good in Anakin. A popular song by Les Brown celebrated this event, as Betty Bonney and the band members sang it: "He tied the mark at 44 / July the First, you know / Since then he's hit a good 12 more / Joltin' Joe DiMaggio / Joe, Joe DiMaggio, we want you on our side." The last game of the streak came on July 16 at Cleveland's League Park. Padmé gives them the names Luke and Leia. Meanwhile, DiMaggio, who had once hit in 61 straight games as a minor leaguer with the San Francisco Seals, began a hitting streak on May 15 which stretched to an astonishing 56 games. However, they manage to save her babies—she delivers twins, a boy and a girl.

Ted Williams of the Red Sox was in the hunt for the elusive .400 batting average, which he achieved on the last day of the season. Padmé is given medical assistance, but although she is physically intact, her will to live is gone and she dies. After an off season came the Summer of 1941, a much-celebrated year, often described by sportswriters as the last great year of the "Golden Era", before World War II and other realities intervened. Later, Palpatine arrives at Mustafar with a squad of clone troopers, and they rescue Vader from the brink of death. They also swept the Chicago Cubs in 1938, and the Cincinnati Reds in 1939. After picking up Vader's lightsaber, Obi-Wan leaves Mustafar with the badly-injured Padmé. They took the Giants 4 games to 2 in that Series, and 4 games to 1 the next year. He ignites into flames, sustaining near-fatal third-degree burns and severe lung damage.

During Game 2 of the 1936 Series, they pounded the Giants 18-4, still the World Series record (through 2005) for most runs by a team in one game. Vader tumbles down the embankment and rolls to a stop at the edge of the lava. When the Yankees did get into the Series, they had little trouble. Obi-Wan soon gains the advantage of higher ground, and, when Vader attempts to jump over his former master, Obi-Wan cuts off both of his legs and his left arm. The strongest competition for the Yankees during that stretch was the Detroit Tigers, who won two pennants before that Yankees four-year stretch, and one after. The fierce lightsaber duel continues between Obi-Wan and Darth Vader. They did it without Gehrig for most of 1939, as the superstar's retirement due to ALS saddened the baseball world. With clone troopers coming to aid Palpatine, Yoda makes the heart-wrenching decision to retreat, and escapes with the help of Bail Organa.

Behind the thundering Yankees bats of DiMaggio, Gehrig and Frank Crosetti, and a superb pitching staff led by Red Ruffing and Lefty Gomez and anchored by catcher Bill Dickey, the Yankees reeled off an unprecedented four consecutive World Series wins during 1936-1939. In a ferocious contest of Force powers both are flung apart, Yoda falling to the floor of the Senate chamber. The young center fielder from San Francisco was an immediate impact player, batting .323, hitting 29 homers and driving in 125 runs in his rookie season of 1936. In the Senate building, Yoda confronts Palpatine and the two engage in a fierce battle. Just as Gehrig stepped out of Ruth's considerable shadow, a new titan appeared on the horizon, in the person of Joe DiMaggio. Obi-Wan and Vader break into a ferocious lightsaber duel. The Yankees run during the 1930s could also be facetiously called the "McCarthy era", as manager Joe McCarthy (no relation to the infamous Senator of the same name) would guide the Yankees to new heights. Enraged, he uses the Force to choke Padmé unconscious.

Babe Ruth hit his famous "Called Shot" home run in Wrigley Field in Game 3 of that Series, a fitting "Swan Song" to his illustrious post-season career. Vader sees Obi-Wan emerge from Padmé's ship, and suspects her of betraying him to his former Master. After three also-ran seasons, the Yankees returned to the American League top perch under new manager Joe McCarthy in 1932 and swept the Chicago Cubs in the World Series, running their streak of consecutive World Series game wins to 12, a mark which would stand until the 2000 Yankees bested it in the World Series that year. Horrified, Padmé realizes that Obi-Wan's story was true. Babe Ruth hit .625 with 3 home runs in that series, while Lou Gehrig hit .545 and belted 4 round-trippers. Padmé wants to leave public life to live together and raise their child, but Vader tells her that he has brought peace to the Republic, and that he can overthrow Palpatine so he and Padmé can rule the galaxy together. Louis Cardinals in the World Series. When the couple reunite on Mustafar, they embrace.

The Yankees would repeat as American League champions in 1928, fighting off the resurgent Philadelphia Athletics, and sweep the St. Unbeknown to her, Obi-Wan secretly boards the ship just before it takes off. Ruth's home run total of 60 in 1927 set a single-season record which would stand for 34 years, and first baseman Lou Gehrig had his first big season with 47 round-trippers. Padmé later departs to Mustafar to see her husband. The 1927 team was so potent that it became known as "Murderers' Row" and is sometimes considered to have been the best team in the history of baseball (though similar claims have been made for other Yankee squads, notably those of 1939, 1961 and 1998). Obi-Wan meets with Padmé and tells her that Anakin has turned to the Dark Side, but Padmé refuses to reveal where Vader is. Stengel would later become a "giant" for the Yankees as a manager. On Mustafar, Vader is initially greeted by Viceroy Nute Gunray, however Vader immediately attacks the Separatist leaders and their small force of guards, ending the slaughter by killing Gunray.

Giants outfielder Casey Stengel, who even then was being called "Old Case", hit two homers to win the two games the Giants came away with. Yoda says they have no choice but to destroy the Sith. In 1921 through 1923 they faced the Giants in the World Series, losing the first two match-ups but turning the tables in 1923 after the Big Stadium opened. Obi-Wan looks into the security recordings and sees Vader slaughtering the Jedi and then kneeling to Palpatine. From 1921 to 1928, the Yankees went through their first period of great success, winning six American League pennants and three World Series. In the Jedi Temple, Obi-Wan and Yoda reconfigure a signal to warn all Jedi to keep away. It was truly "the House that Ruth Built",. Palpatine informs the Senate of a Jedi plot to overthrow the Republic and announces that the Republic will be reorganized into the Galactic Empire.

The Stadium was the first triple-deck venue in baseball and seated an astounding 58,000. Senator Bail Organa rescues Obi-Wan and Yoda, and brings them to the Jedi Temple before heading to the Senate building. The site for the stadium was chosen because the IRT Jerome Avenue subway line, now the MTA's#4 train, went right by there, practically on top of Yankee Stadium's right-field wall. Vader later goes to Padmé and tells her the Jedi have tried to take over the Republic. and River Avenue in the Bronx. With a battalion of clone troopers, Darth Vader eradicates the Jedi in the Jedi Temple. In 1923 the Yankees moved into Yankee Stadium at 161st St. Ki-Adi-Mundi, Aayla Secura, Barriss Offee, Luminara Unduli, Plo Koon, Stass Allie, and other numerous Jedi across the galaxy are exterminated, but Yoda and Obi-Wan barely manage to survive.

The construction crew moved with remarkable speed and finished the big new ballpark in less than a year. Palpatine orders clone troopers across the galaxy to turn against their Jedi Generals. Instead, to McGraw's chagrin, they broke ground for a new ballpark just across the Harlem River from the Polo Grounds. Palpatine orders Vader to go to the Jedi Temple and kill all the Jedi within, then to go to the Mustafar system and kill Viceroy Gunray and the other Separatist leaders. At that time, John McGraw was said to have commented that the Yankees should "move to some out-of-the-way place, like Queens". Palpatine takes Anakin as his Sith apprentice, and christens him with the Sith name Darth Vader. In 1921 the Yankees were told to move out of the Polo Grounds after the 1922 season. Shocked, in pain, and caught off guard, Windu is consumed by Palpatine's Force lightning, forcing him out the window and killing him.

The home run hitting exploits of Ruth proved popular with the public, to the extent that the Yankees were soon outdrawing their landlords, the Giants. Sensing that Palpatine was trying to corrupt Anakin, Mace tells Anakin not to believe him, but Anakin believes that the only way to save his wife is to keep the Chancellor alive, so he attacks Windu by cutting off his weapon hand. He was especially noted for development of the Yankees' farm system. Just as Windu is about to kill the Chancellor, Palpatine tries to convince Anakin that the Jedi were really trying to take over. Barrow would act as general manager or president of the Yankees for the next 25 years and may deserve the bulk of the credit for the team's success during that period. As Palpatine and Windu engage in a lightsaber duel, Anakin arrives. Barrow came on board after the 1920 season, and like many of the new Yankee players had previously been a part of the Red Sox organization, having managed the team since 1918. Windu attempts to arrest the Chancellor, but Palpatine lunges with a fierce lightsaber attack which kills Agen Kolar, Kit Fisto, and Saesee Tiin (who were assigned to accompany him).

Huggins was hired in 1919 by Ruppert while Huston was serving in Europe with the army (this would lead to a break between the two owners, with Ruppert eventually buying Huston out in 1923). Anakin tells Jedi Master Mace Windu about Palpatine's true identity. Other critical newcomers in this period were manager Miller Huggins and general manager Ed Barrow. Upon realizing this, Anakin threatens to kill Palpatine, but instead decides to expose him to the Jedi Council. Harry Frazee finally found success on Broadway in 1927 with the musical comedy No No Nanette, which included the song "Tea For Two". Meanwhile, Anakin discovers that Palpatine is the Sith Lord, Darth Sidious. The Red Sox did not win a World Series from 1919 until 2004 (see Curse of the Bambino), often finding themselves out of the World Series hunt as a result of the success of the Yankees. Obi-Wan retrieves the droid's blaster and shoots the General several times in the chest, killing him, then tosses the blaster on the ground, muttering that it was, "so uncivilized.".

Two of the four Boston newspapers agreed with the deal at the time. Obi-Wan manages to break open Grievous's loose chestplate, exposing the living organs in his chest. That would continue during his Yankees years, but the ownership was more tolerant, provided he brought fans and championships to the ballpark. After a long chase through the Utapauian city, Obi-Wan catches Grievous at his private hangar, where they yet again fight. Ruth was also regarded as a problem, a carouser. At this moment, the Clone Army arrives, forcing Grievous to retreat on his Wheel Bike. Frazee also wished to aid the Yankees, as giving the Yankees a box office draw would strengthen a legal ally, and reduce the pressure he faced[3]. Undaunted by the General's four-saber technique, Obi-wan quickly finds an opening in Grievous's defences and slices off two of his four hands.

Frazee traded Ruth in January of 1920, citing Ruth's demand for a raise after being paid the highest salary in baseball, and despite owning the single season homerun record at the time of the trade (hitting 29 homeruns in 1919[2]). After witnessing an argument between Grievous and Nute Gunray, he emerges from the shadows on top of a walkway and quickly disposes of Grievous's personal bodyguards before engaging Grievous himself. However, pitcher-turned-outfielder Babe Ruth was the biggest of them all. Obi-Wan is sent to Utapau to find General Grievous. From 1919 to 1922, the Yankees acquired pitchers Waite Hoyt, Carl Mays and Herb Pennock, catcher Wally Schang, shortstop Everett Scott and third baseman Joe Dugan, all from the Red Sox. This intrigues Anakin, due to his nightmares regarding Padmé. President Ban Johnson, Frazee faced most of the legal battles which proved costly[1]. Palpatine says the ability to save people from death is something that can be learned, but not from a Jedi.

Further, as Frazee owned the strongest of the "Insurrectos" franchizes, which antagonized A.L. Palpatine subtly manipulates Anakin in their discussions, making him distrust the Jedi. Many of the newly acquired players who would later contribute to their success came from the Boston Red Sox, whose owner, theater impresario Harry Frazee, had bought his team on credit and needed money to pay off his loans and purchase Fenway Park from the Fenway Park Trust. Later at an opera house, Anakin arrives and Palpatine tells him the story of an old Sith legend; the story of Darth Plagueis the wise. Over the next few years the new owners would begin to enlarge the payroll. As the Chancellor's bodyguard, Anakin builds a close friendship with Palpatine. The Yankees detente with the Boston Red Sox and Chicago White Sox circa 1920 (all three collectively known as the "Insurrectos") paid off well. Later, Obi-Wan privately tells Anakin that the Council wants him to spy on the Chancellor because they believe that he is corrupt.

Perhaps one of the greatest ironies of the Yankees dominance comes from its roots. This enfuriates Anakin, who believes it to be an insult. Ruppert later said, "For $450,000 we got an orphan ball club, without a home of its own, without players of outstanding ability, without prestige." But now with an owner possessing deep pockets, and a willingness to dig into them to produce a winning team. The Council agrees with the Chancellor's appointment, however Anakin is not made a Jedi Master. Congressman for eight years. Chancellor Palpatine makes Anakin his representative on the Jedi Council. Ruppert was heir to the Ruppert brewery fortune and had also been tied to the Tammany Hall machine, serving as a U.S. However, Anakin is troubled by visions of Padmé dying in childbirth, visions like those he had of his mother before she died.

At the start of 1915, they sold the team to Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Captain Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston. Despite Padmé's worries, as they have kept their love and their marriage secret, Anakin is overjoyed at this news, and the couple make plans to raise their child. By the mid 1910s, owners Farrell and Devery had become estranged and both were in need of money. Upon his return planetside, Anakin is reunited with his wife, Padmé Amidala, and she informs him of her pregnancy. Before very long, New York Yankees had become the official nickname of the club. Unable to leave the cruiser, which has been damaged in an engagement with the Republic fleet, Anakin crash-lands the ship on one of Coruscant's landing fields. With the change of parks in 1913, the "Highlanders" reference became obsolete, and the de facto team nickname became exclusively "Yankees". Anakin and Obi-Wan try to capture Grevious, eliminating most of the bridge crew in the process; Grevious escapes, however, launching the ship's escape pods.

The name grew in popularity over the team's first decade. Anakin, Obi-Wan, and the Chancellor attempt to escape the ship, but are captured by General Grevious, leader of the droid army, and taken to the bridge. The New York Herald, on April 15, 1906, reported "Yankees win opening game from Boston, 2-1". Palpatine reassures him that Tyranus was too dangerous to be kept alive. That matter-of-fact wording suggests the nickname was already well-known. Anakin immediately expresses regret; to kill a foe who surrenders is not the way of the Jedi. During the early 1900s, the nickname "Yankees" was occasionally applied to the club, as a variant on "Americans", verifiably as early as June 21, 1904, when Patsy Dougherty was traded from Boston to New York, and the Boston Herald's report was headlined "Dougherty as a Yankee". Palpatine urges Anakin to kill Tyranus, and despite Anakin's reservations, he does.

Relations between the clubs had warmed when the Giants were allowed to lease Hilltop Park while the Polo Grounds was being rebuilt in 1911 following a disastrous fire. In the ensuing lightsaber duel, Anakin defeats Tyranus by amputating his hands. From 1913 to 1922 the team would play in the Polo Grounds, a park owned by their National League rivals, the Giants. They make their way to the observatory were Chancellor Palpatine is being held captive by Darth Tyranus (Count Dooku). For fans of the team formally named the Red Sox in 1908, the 1904 season-ender would prove to be the last time Boston would defeat the Yankees in a pennant-deciding game for literally a century. During the space battle, Obi-Wan's ship is damaged by two buzz droids and the two Jedi crash into the hangar of the The Invisible Hand, where the Chancellor is held hostage. 1904 was the last year a Series was not played, until the strike-truncated year of 1994. The camera tracks down from a blinding Coruscanti sun, to reveal a Venator-class Star Destroyer, with two Jedi Starfighters flying alongside it.

Brush, who then led a committee that formalized the rules governing the World Series. Jedi Knights Anakin Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi lead a mission to rescue him. The resulting tongue-lashing of the Giants by the media stung their owner, John T. Chancellor Palpatine has been kidnapped by the Separatists second-in-command, General Grievous. Although Boston had won the pennant, the Giants still refused to participate. The opening crawl reveals that the galaxy is in the midst of war. First, the presence of the Highlanders in the race had led the Giants to announce they would not participate in the World Series against a "minor league" team. .

This event had historical significance in several ways. It broke several box office records in its opening week, and went on to earn over US$ 850 million worldwide, making it the highest grossing film of 2005 in the U.S., the 2nd highest grossing film of 2005 worldwide (right behind Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire), and the 12th highest grossing worldwide film of all time. New York pitcher Jack Chesbro threw a wild pitch in the ninth inning which allowed the eventual pennant-winning run to score for the Boston Americans. Released on May 19, 2005, the film was generally positively received by critics, especially in contrast to the two previous prequels. Their best chance came on the last day of the 1904 season, at the Hilltop. As the final film to be released in the series, it bridges the gap between the original trilogy and prequel trilogy of the Star Wars epic. Their somewhat tainted ownership, along with the questionable activities of some players, notably first baseman Hal Chase, raised suspicions of game-fixing, but little of that was ever proven. When the sinister Sith, led by Darth Sidious, unveil a thousand-year-old plot to rule the galaxy, the fate of Anakin Skywalker, the Jedi order, and the entire galaxy is at stake.

As the Highlanders, the team enjoyed success only twice, finishing in second place in 1904 and 1910; but otherwise, much of their first fifteen years in New York was spent in the cellar. Three years after the onset of the Clone Wars, the noble Jedi Knights have been leading a massive clone army into a galaxy-wide battle against the Separatists. Today the site of the original Hilltop Park is occupied by buildings of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Among fans, it is commonly referred to as ROTS. The name was also a reference to the noted British military unit The Gordon Highlanders, as the team president from 1903 to 1906 was named Joseph Gordon. It was the sixth and final film to be released in the Star Wars saga, but it is the third part of the series by chronology of events. Consequently the field was known as Hilltop Park and the team quickly became known as the New York Highlanders. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 science fiction film written and directed by George Lucas.

and Broadway in Manhattan, near the highest point on the island. Until a further source fully explains this, the issue remains disputed. The franchise's first park in New York was located at 165th St. Anderson's novels Jedi Search and Champions of the Force explain that a prototype Death Star was built in preparation of construction of the first Death Star in A New Hope, which would give another explanation for why the first Death Star took so long to build, in contrast with the second Death Star from Return of the Jedi. Farrell owned a casino and several pool halls, while Devery had served as a blatantly corrupt chief of the New York City police and had only been forced out of the department at the start of 1902. However, Kevin J. Farrell and Devery both had deep ties into city politics and gambling. He goes on to say that it would be "a bit of a stretch," but explains that due to "union disputes and supply problems," it took 19 years to build.

The AL's Baltimore franchise became the New York franchise when its new owners, Frank Farrell and William Devery, were able to find a ballpark location not blocked by the Giants. He explains that it was the exact same one as seen in A New Hope. The NL also agreed that the "junior circuit" could establish a franchise in New York. ^ In the DVD commentary for Revenge of the Sith, Lucas makes an offhand comment regarding the first Death Star. In January 1903, the American and National Leagues held a "peace conference" to settle conflicts over player contract disputes and to agree on future cooperation. Halbfinger, New York Times, May 19, 2005. A week later the owner of the Giants also gained controlling interest of the Orioles and raided the team for players, after which the league declared the team forfeit and took control, still intending to move the franchise to New York when and if possible. ^ Latest 'Star Wars' Movie Is Quickly Politicized by David M.

As a result of a feud with league president Ban Johnson, who rigidly enforced rules about rowdyism on the field of play, McGraw jumped leagues to manage the New York Giants in the middle of the 1902 season. ^ Box Office Mojo - Star Wars: Episode III. When the team began play as the Baltimore Orioles in 1901, they were managed by John McGraw. DVD-ROM content includes a free trial of Hyperspace. The intention of Johnson and the American League had been to place a team in New York City, but their efforts had been stymied by the political connections that owners of the National League New York Giants had with Tammany Hall. Production photo gallery. Previously a minor league (known as the Western League until 1899), the American League carried over five of its previous locations and added three more on the East Coast, including one in Baltimore, Maryland, which had lost its National League team when that league contracted the year before. Trailers and TV spots.

At the end of the 1900 season the American League re-organized and, with its president Ban Johnson as the driving force, decided to assert itself as a new major league. Poster and print campaign. . "A Hero Falls" music video. The Yankees are also the only team that is represented at every position in the Baseball Hall of Fame. Star Wars: Empire at War PC game trailer. Among the North American major sports, the Yankees' success is only approached by the 23 Stanley Cup championships of the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League. Star Wars: Battlefront II trailer and Xbox game demo.

Louis Cardinals and the Oakland Athletics are tied for second with 9 World Series victories each, and the Los Angeles Dodgers is second in World Series appearances with 18. A 15-part collection of Lucasfilm's Web documentaries. The Yankees have won 26 World Series in 39 appearances; the St. "It's All for Real: The Stunts of Episode III". They are one of two major league franchises which operate in New York City, the other being the New York Mets of the National League. "The Chosen One" featurette: George Lucas traces the myth of Darth Vader through episodes 1-6. One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Yankees have been among the most storied teams in North America over their 100+ year history; along with franchises like the Boston Celtics, Dallas Cowboys, and Montreal Canadiens, the Yankees have helped exemplify the phrase "dynasty" in professional athletics. "Within a Minute" documentary film about the making of the Mustafar battle.

They are in the Eastern Division of the American League. Exclusive deleted scenes with introductions by George Lucas and Rick McCallum. The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball team based in The Bronx, New York City, New York. Commentary by writer-director George Lucas, producer Rick McCallum, animation director Rob Coleman, and ILM visual effects supervisors John Knoll and Roger Guyett. ♦ - Hall of Famer
Jackie Robinson's #42 is retired by Major League Baseball
. Available Audio Tracks: English (Dolby Digital 5.1 EX), Spanish (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround), French (Dolby Digital 2.0 Surround). (Also referred to as "Americans" 1903-1909 and "Yankees" 1910-1912). Available subtitles: English.

Because New York won the regular season series with Boston, New York was awarded the division championship and Boston was awarded the wild card.. Instead it contained a rap video with a dancing Yoda and clone troopers. No official titles were awarded in 1994.
[3] - In 2005, the Yankees and the Boston Red Sox finished the season with identical records of 95-67 and finished tied for first place in the East Division standings. This was the first release not to contain a secret blooper reel of footage from filming as an easter egg. New York was in first place in the East Division by six and a half games when play was stopped. This has caused some backlash from fans collecting both the VHS versions, complaining that their VHS set will not be complete without Episode III. The Yankees had the third best record in the division when considering the entire season, two games behind Milwaukee and Baltimore.
[2] - In 1994, a players' strike wiped out the last eight weeks of the season and all post-season. This release is notable because, due to marketing issues, it was the first Star Wars film never to be released on VHS (except in Australia and the United Kingdom).

New York had the best record in the East Division when play was stopped and was declared the first-half division winner. Additionally, Anakin is missing the scar on his right eye on the DVD cover. [1] - In 1981, a players' strike in the middle of the season forced the season to be split into two halves. The DVD cover art is the only cover of the six films not to include a central character brandishing a lens flare-boasting lightsaber blade towards the viewer. Rookie: GCL Yankees, Gulf Coast League. Unlike any other film directed by Lucas, Revenge of the Sith was released on DVD without any noticeable alterations from the film's original theatrical cut. Short A: Staten Island Yankees, New York-Penn League. In all of the other films, the two characters were played by at least two different people.

A: Charleston RiverDogs, South Atlantic League. This was the first Star Wars film in which Anakin Skywalker and the suited Darth Vader were played by the same actor in the same film. Advanced A: Tampa Yankees, Florida State League. As confirmed by the DVD-ROM commentary, during the scene in which Yoda departs Kashyyyk and bids farwell to Chewbacca and Tarfful, Tarfful's growls are actually Itchy's growls from The Star Wars Holiday Special. AA: Trenton Thunder, Eastern League. In a wide shot of Darth Vader's half-done operated body and a claw with his mask moving closer to put the mask on near the end of the film, it is apparent that he doesn't have his voice amplifier piece or his neck plating on, but after the shot with the mask lowering , the neck plate is attached. AAA: Columbus Clippers, International League. However, after making the suggestion and others agree by saying "aye," he too says "aye", suggesting his line was meant to be spoken by a different character.

54 Rob Thomson (special assignment instructor). At one point in the film, Ki-Adi-Mundi makes a motion that Obi-Wan Kenobi should lead the search on Utapau for General Grievous. -- Tony Peña (first base). Lucas's friend and fellow filmmaker Steven Spielberg was confirmed to have worked on some of the conceptual work and animatics for the film, focusing mainly on the Yoda/Palpatine fight and the Mustafar duel. 50 Rich Monteleone (special pitching instructor). On the DVD cover, Anakin's scar (the result of a lightsaber duel with Asajj Ventress in Star Wars: Clone Wars) on his right eye is missing completely. -- Lee Mazzilli (bench). In Padme's Wardrobe site, the costume used on the poster is called the Peacock Gown, and the costume used on the DVD cover is called the Green Cut Velvet Robe.

23 Don Mattingly (hitting). In the movie, this costume appears with the hood down. -- Joe Kerrigan (bullpen pitching). A different costume was used on the DVD cover, however this costume appears in the same way as on the cover only in the deleted scenes. 49 Ron Guidry (pitching). However, the costume does appear in some of the deleted scenes. -- Larry Bowa (third base). On the poster, Padmé wears an outfit that does not appear in the movie itself.

99 Mike Borzello (bullpen catching). .that business on Cato Neimoidia doesn't count." This was going to be a running gag throughout the film, but all subsequent uses were eventually cut.  6 Joe Torre. After returning Supreme Chancellor Palpatine to Coruscant, Obi-Wan tells Anakin ". The Yankee Stadium grounds crew has become famous in their own right for their infield sweeping in the middle of the fifth inning when they dance to the popular 70's hit YMCA by the Village People. This is the first film in the Star Wars Saga in which a dream is literally depicted on camera. The Yankee fans who sit behind the right-field portion of the bleacher seats in Yankee Stadium have become so well known for their rowdy behavior that they are often referred to as the "bleacher creatures." They have also popularized a type of chant called "Role Call" where, in the top of the first inning, they chant each field player's name on the Yankees repeatedly until the player acknowledges the chant. Episode III features the longest opening continuing shot in the entire Star Wars saga (over two minutes long).

The Yankees have teamed up with New Era and Adidas to make caps for sale. According to the filmmakers in the audio commentary, the speed in which Anakin and Obi-Wan engage their lightsaber duel on Mustafar is the speed in which the duel was filmed, and was not digitally accelerated. Under George Steinbrenner, the team has a strict dress code that forbids long hair and facial hair below the lip. Several lava explosions, seen in Mustafar at the fight scene between Anakin and Obi-Wan Kenobi, were in fact real life explosions shot from Mount Etna's eruption which were later combined with computer generated effects to create the impressive and real-life atmosphere. American football's example of balanced salaries, correlated with its now-massive parity and mainstream impact, demonstrates that keeping athletic salaries fair is good for the sport and therefore everyone - TV outlets, owners, fans. Copies of the film titled Charlotte are valued more than standard releases. Manny Ramírez, Pedro Martínez), who might otherwise freely use the potentiality as a bargaining chip. The more common file is called something relating to Revenge of the Sith.

This phenomenon even causes the Yankees to announce their intentions not to pursue certain free agents (e.g. This was done intentionally by those who created the DVD, in order to keep it a secret as to which exact DVD would be used for the main release. The willingness of the Yankees to pay premium prices for top talent encourages players and their agents to demand unreasonably high prices, further diluting talent throughout the rest of the league. On early discs with the DVD release, the file containing the film and the file with the bonus features were each named a variation of "CHARLOTTE," rather than something relating to the movie itself. Allowing one team to bid highly for the best talent makes it more difficult for lower-spending teams (primarily in smaller metropolitan areas) to compete. (DVD audio commentary). In a free-market society, an owner who wishes to spend as much as he wants should not be restricted from doing so. Lucas stands on screen left talking with his youngest daughter, and his oldest daughter is in center screen, talking to her boyfriend.

The Yankees drive attendance, merchandise sales and TV revenues, helping to subsidize less-profitable teams. George Lucas's daughters, who make cameos at the opera house, refused to be in the scene unless their father was in the scene with them. It has also been argued that the New York Mets, because they share the same market, could spend at a higher level if their owner was inclined to do so, and therefore the Yankees spending reflects Steinbrenner's greater commitment to winning rather than a singular advantage over all other teams.[5]. This echoes the frequent references to World War Two in the Clone Wars TV series. New York, as the largest market with the highest revenues, should spend in accordance with their vast resources. There are markings on Obi-Wan's starfighter counting the number of kills he scored, a reference to World War II, where pilots often placed markings on their planes to personalize them. As "America's Team" the Yankees give other baseball fans a team to "hate" or root against, thereby further generating interest in baseball games involving the Yankees and baseball in general. This is the only episode that does not have R2-D2 and/or C-3PO in the closing shot.

The Yankees are "America's Team" They give the casual, or "bandwagon," baseball fan someone to root for when he/she does not have a local favorite, or when their local team is playing poorly. The original soundtrack is the only one in the prequel trilogy that does not have a shot of Tatooine as its backdrop. Won ALDS (3-0) over Texas Rangers. The scene where Amidala meets up with Anakin on Mustafar was parodied for the 2005 MTV Movie Awards. Won ALCS (4-2) over Cleveland Indians. Incidentally, an action figure of Palpatine was also produced holding a blue lightsaber, but later corrected to red (the hilt remains incorrect). Won 1998 World Series (4-0) over San Diego Padres. It never occurred to the effects crew that they hadn't inserted the correct hilt during post-production.

Oriole Park (Baltimore) (1901-1902). Further revelations in The Making of Revenge of the Sith show that the scene originally had Anakin present, with Palpatine using the Force to borrow Anakin's lightsaber to duel. Hilltop Park (1903-1912). The reason for this is revealed in one of the documentaries on Disc 2, where Ian McDiarmid is seen using the Anakin lightsaber prop while rehearsing the scenes. Brush Stadium (1913-1919). Throughout the Palpatine/Mace fight, Palpatine's hilt periodically switches to Anakin's saber hilt. a.k.a. Palpatine's lightsaber is also the only lightsaber that touches Mace Windu's saber blade.

Polo Grounds (IV) (1913-1922)

    . Palpatine's lightsaber is the only Sith lightsaber that is never seen coming in contact with a purple-bladed lightsaber. Yankee Stadium (1923-1973). This is the first and only Star Wars film where Palpatine wields his lightsaber. Shea Stadium (1974-1975). It can be heard when Obi-Wan arrives at Owen and Beru's house. Yankee Stadium (1976-present). Composer John Williams included a small 11-tone musical cue in the scene reminiscent of his score for Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (2001).

    Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902). The final scene on Tatooine, where Obi-Wan Kenobi delivers the infant Luke to his aunt and uncle, is often referred to as the "Harry Potter scene". New York Highlanders (1903-1912). Eventually, however, the film's casting director was able to find a very close lookalike, Wayne Pygram. New York Yankees (1913-present). Unfortunately, the footage of Cushing was deemed unusable, and the idea was scrapped. East Division (1969-present). George Lucas originally intended to have Peter Cushing reprise his role as Tarkin, years after his death, through the use of stock footage and digital technology.

    American League (1901-present)

      . Palpatine's line, "I am the Senate," may be a reference to a quote by King Louis XIV- "I am the state.". George Lucas was not put off by this and enjoyed rubbing Natalie's buzzed hair. Natalie Portman surprised many people by showing up to the film's premieres with a shaved head (for her part in V for Vendetta). The interior of the Tantive IV was done entirely on a practical set, without the use of any bluescreen.

      It can be heard briefly during the battle scene over Coruscant. Composer John Williams added to his opening score an homage to composer Joel McNeely's work from the score to Shadows of the Empire, a book written to take place between Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back and Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi. The audio effects for the coughing were taken from George Lucas, who had a cough during principal photography. John Knoll even acknowledges and points out this fact in the Revenge of the Sith DVD commentary.

      To reconcile the differences between the two presentations, Mace Windu "force-grips" Grievous towards the end of the show's third season (volume two) as the General was making off with Palpatine, crushing the cyborg's chest panel. Grievous has prevously appeared in Star Wars: Clone Wars before many of his personality traits and quirks had been finalized. General Grievous' breathing problems were intended to emphasize his organic nature as well as the flaws of cyborg prosthetics. Coppola also owns a Tucker Torpedo.

      In addition to owning one of the 51 Torpedoes built, George Lucas executive produced the 1988 biopic, Tucker: The Man and His Dream, starring Jeff Bridges as Preston Tucker, and directed by Lucas' old friend, director Francis Ford Coppola. The speeder car driven by Senator Bail Organa (Jimmy Smits) is based on the revolutionary, but ill-fated, 1948 Tucker Torpedo automobile. George Lucas requested this of the animators as an homage to Takashi Shimura's signature gesture in Akira Kurosawa's Seven Samurai. Yoda rubs his head while deep in thought.

      This is the only Star Wars film in which the opening crawl has an exclamation point in it. In the two shots where the wookies roar just before their battle, the varactyl's (the lizard-mount used by Obi-Wan elsewhere in the film) bark can be heard. In the film, Yoda pronounces the word differently than Anakin (in a later scene where the Jedi Council is voting where Yoda is in a hologram); Anakin's pronunciation of Utapau in the film is the correct pronunciation by Thai nationals and tourists. Although parts of Episode III were filmed in Thailand, the Lucas spelling of Utapau is a romanized spelling of a Thai military base in Sattahip, Thailand within 50 miles of Bangkok.

      The name Utapau was originally intended for Tatooine and then Alderaan in the early drafts of A New Hope, and then for Naboo in The Phantom Menace, until it became the sinkhole planet seen in Revenge of the Sith. The limestone mountains depicting Kashyyyk were filmed in Phuket, Thailand (which was later damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami). In the first scene between Anakin and Padmé, Padmé has her hair styled in the infamous Princess Leia Danish-buns-over-the-ears method. One of the film's many rumored subtitles was Rise of the Empire.

      Coincidentally, the Return of the Jedi novelization refers to Obi-Wan Kenobi as Owen's brother. Ewan McGregor's stunt double was Nash Edgerton (the brother of Joel Edgerton, who plays Owen Lars). On the call sheets, Natalie Portman was listed as "Debbie Gibson.". Instead it contained a rap video with a dancing Yoda and clonetroopers.

      This was the first DVD release not to contain a secret blooper reel of footage from filming. The DVD cover art is the only cover of the six films not to include a central character brandishing a lightsaber towards the viewer. However, VHS copies are for sale in stores in the United Kingdom and Australia. This has caused some backlash from fans collecting both the DVD and VHS versions, complaining that their VHS set will not be complete without Episode III.

      It is only available on DVD. When the film was released on home video in November 2005, it became the only Star Wars film never to be released on VHS in the US. Even though it didn't make it into the film, it is available on the bonus disc of the Revenge of the Sith DVD as one of the deleted scenes, and Rick McCallum has reported that it may be put back into a future release of the film. One of the scenes deleted from the film was Yoda's arrival on Dagobah.

      Revenge of the Sith has the world record for most special effects used in a single film—over 3500. It also required Christensen (who is six-foot-one or 1.85 metres, while David Prowse is six-foot-seven or 2 meters) to look through the mouthpiece of the helmet [3]. The new costume featured shoe lifts and a muscle suit [2]. The Darth Vader costume used in the film was created specifically to fit Hayden Christensen, rather than use the old one from the original trilogy.

      Plot elements shown in the game include Vader activating the Jedi beacon, killing the librarian Jocasta Nu, and dueling with Cin Drallig and his Padawan Serra Keto (see Cameo appearances above). Its completion then unlocks an alternate short ending where the uninjured Darth Vader kills the Emperor and usurps control of the Galaxy. After the completion of the movie plotline the game unlocks a level that allows the player to go back and replay the final duel from Vader's point of view. The Revenge of the Sith video game closely follows the film, but for reasons of gameplay greatly expands a number of the action sequences.

      One of them screams a classic "Wilhelm scream". When the ship Anakin and Obi-Wan are on, at the start, begins firing on an enemy ship, there is some footage of explosions and people being thrown into the air. There is no blue-bladed lightsaber in Return of the Jedi.). In Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace, Obi-Wan was initially equipped with a blue-bladed lightsaber and used it during most of the duel, but it fell into the chasm on Naboo, and in the last seconds, he had to finish off Darth Maul with Qui-Gon's green-bladed lightsaber.

      This is also the only film to feature a combatant with a blue-bladed lightsaber come out victorious at the end of a duel (A combatant with a blue-bladed lightsaber usually loses a duel to a combatant with a red-bladed lightsaber. Obi-Wan). It is also the only instance of a blue-bladed and green-bladed lightsaber to come into contact with each other (the aforementioned Grievous vs. Darth Vader; combatants in both instances using blue lightsabers).

      Obi-Wan, and more notably Obi-Wan vs. This is the only time where two lightsabers of the same color (blue) come into contact (Grievous vs. The line appears to be the same recording used in The Phantom Menace, when Jar Jar excuses himself after burping. Jar Jar Binks appears in this film, but has only one line of dialog; when he nearly bumps into a larger senator who mutters "watch it," to which Binks barely audibly replies "Excuse me".

      An early, and later proved to be fake, plot leak said that Mace Windu would not die at the hands of Palpatine, but he would be killed by Boba Fett, who was avenging the death of his father, Jango Fett, in the previous film at the hands of Mace Windu. Matthew Woodring Stover, George Lucas, ISBN 0-7126-8427-1. Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith - Novelization, 1st edition hardcover, 2005. Later, when Luke and Vader duel, Luke jumps up on a platform and instead of following him Vader throws his lightsaber, having learned from his previous error.

      At the end of Obi-wan and Anakin's duel, Obi-wan wins because he has the high ground. He does the same thing to Luke in A New Hope after the Sand People attack him. When Anakin releases Padmé after choking her, Obi-Wan puts his hand on her head for a while. Although Motti is not killed from this choke, both Motti and Tarkin die near the end of the film, when Luke destroys the Death Star.

      Moff Tarkin then tells Vader to halt the Force chokehold. This parallels a scene from A New Hope, where Vader uses the Force to choke Admiral Romodi Motti in the Death Star for his lack of faith in Vader. Although Padmé does not die from the choke, she later dies of the loss of will to live near the end of the film. However, Obi-Wan then tells him to halt the Force chokehold.

      Vader uses the Force to choke Padmé on Mustafar, as he believes she has turned against him. According to his action figure, Obi-Wan's is Red Leader, which in Episode VI is used by Wedge Antilles, played by Ewan McGregor's uncle Denis Lawson. In the novelization, Anakin's callsign is Red Five, the same as his son Luke in Episode IV. Both Anakin's and Obi-Wan's callsigns reference their family connections to the original trilogy.

      Examples include the Jedi Starfighters having small resemblance to the TIE Fighters and Interceptor. More Republic equipment resembles that of Imperial equipment. The music is also the same in all three cases (the Force Theme). The final shot of Owen and Beru holding Luke and looking into the Tatooine twin sunset mirrors a similar scene with Luke in A New Hope (as well as a similar scene of Anakin in Attack of the Clones).

      The last line spoken in Episode III is "Oh no!", also by C-3PO, played by the same actor, also on that ship. The first line spoken in Episode IV is "Did you hear that?" by C-3PO (Anthony Daniels), on the Tantive IV. An actor screams this line in every Star Wars movie. Luke's scream of "NOOO!" upon learning that Darth Vader is his father was also similarly lampooned and poorly received during its release in 1980.

      Vader's scream has been lampooned and criticized as campy and inappropriate. In one of the final scenes, Darth Vader's screams "NOOO!!" when he learns of Padmé's death. This also is similar to Luke's situation in "The Empire Strikes Back" when Luke, after the duel with Darth Vader, falls down the massive circular shaft in Cloud City and hangs on to the weather vane below the city until he is rescued by the Millennium Falcon piloted by Leia Organa. Yoda, in the duel with Darth Sidious, falls down the massive circular Senate chamber and escapes through the bottom of the building into a waiting speeder piloted by Bail Organa.

      The lightsaber was subsequently broken, and then was re-returned to Obi-Wan's hut on Tatooine. Luke lost that lightsaber in a duel with Vader in Empire Strikes Back. The blue-bladed lightsaber Anakin/Vader used in Revenge of the Sith is the same lightsaber Obi-Wan gave to Luke in A New Hope. Luke is then given a cybernetic hand to replace the one he lost in the duel with Vader.

      Leia senses Luke's danger through the force, and comes to rescue him in the Millennium Falcon. A similar situation occurs in The Empire Strikes Back, when Luke sustains an injury from Vader in a lightsaber duel (his weapon hand is cut off), and after falling down a shaft, is left dangling from a weather vane on the underside of Cloud City. He is then given cybernetic limbs to replace those he lost in the duel. Sensing his danger through the Force, Emperor Palaptine rescues him.

      Defeated, he lies on the side of a lava bank, crawling his way up the embankment. Vader sustains severe injuries from the lightsaber duel he has with his former master on Mustafar (his biological limbs are cut off). Finally, he says to Vader, "I know there is good in you.". He later says that to Leia on Endor.

      In a scene on Dabogah, Luke says to the spirit of Obi-Wan, "There is still good in him", also referring to Anakin. Return of the Jedi contains variations of Padmé's last words. She says it to Obi-Wan on Polis Massa, momentarily after bearing Luke and Leia. I know, I know there is still...", referring to Anakin.

      Padmé's last words are, "There is good in him. Vader says, "From my point of view, the Jedi are evil." In Return of the Jedi, Obi-Wan tells Luke, "You will find that many of the truths we cling to depend greatly on our own point of view.". Vader's offer to Padmé to join him and rule the Empire mirrors Vader's offer to Luke in Episode V. Luke realizes what this means and races home, despite Obi-Wan's warning that it is too dangerous, and he is dumbstruck to find that Owen and Beru Lars were reduced to burnt ashes by Imperial Stormtroopers.

      Luke at first suspects the Sandpeople, but Obi-Wan's closer inspection shows that Imperial Stormtroopers were actually responsible. This is paralleled in Episode IV when Luke, Obi-Wan and the droids come upon the ruins of the Jawas' sandcrawler and find all of them slaughtered. Obi-Wan decides to look at the security holograms despite Yoda's warning that he will find it painful, and he is dumbstruck to find that Anakin led the massacre. When Obi-Wan and Yoda return to the Jedi Temple and discover the corpses of their fellow Jedi, Yoda's closer inspection of the bodies reveals that not all of them were killed by clone troopers, that a lightsaber was used as well, implicating one of the Jedi as a traitor.

      When Anakin and Obi-Wan are approaching the Senate after saving Palpatine, the Millennium Falcon is one of the ships which touch down on Coruscant. In Return of the Jedi, Luke Skywalker cuts off Darth Vader's weapon hand, as Palpatine looks on, but refuses to join the Dark Side. Anakin cuts off Mace Windu's weapon hand, as Palpatine looks on, and joins the Dark Side. The scene where Mace has his blade at Palpatine's throat is similar to that when Vader has his blade at Luke's throat in The Empire Strikes Back, and when Luke had his blade at Vader's throat in Return of the Jedi.

      Anakin is conflicted to choose between Palpatine and a fellow Jedi, as in Return of the Jedi. Palpatine closes his eyes and tells Anakin, "I can feel your anger." He gives the same line, directed at Luke, in Return of the Jedi. You know it to be true.". In convincing him that the Jedi are trying to oust him as Chancellor, Palpatine urges Anakin to "search your feelings...you know, don't you?" This mirrors Episode V, in which Vader convinces Luke that he is his father, urging the boy to "search your feelings.

      In the battle on the Wookiee planet Kashyyyk, a distinctive Tarzan yell can be heard, just as in Episode VI, when Chewbacca and two Ewoks swing toward an Imperial Scout Walker on Endor. This mirrors the scenes in Return of the Jedi where Chewbacca rips out Imperial forces from their AT-STs. Wookiees from Kashyyyk rip out droids from vehicles during the Separatists' invasion. This was adapted for Episode VI as the Battle of Endor between Ewoks and Imperial Stormtroopers.

      In the original Star Wars script treatment, the climactic battle was between Wookiees and Imperial forces as in Revenge of the Sith. This echoes the ultimate fate of the Tantive IV itself in the opening scenes of A New Hope. When Obi-Wan makes his rendezvous with the Tantive IV, the ship he is flying is swallowed up by the Tantive IV's underbelly. When Obi-Wan kills Grievous with a blaster and says "So uncivilized", echoing the line in Episode IV when he talks about the lightsaber being "an elegant weapon, for a more civilized age".

      This is the first line Obi-Wan says in Episode IV, to R2-D2. When Obi-Wan jumps in the middle of the droid army in Utapau, he says "Hello there" to Grievous. In Return of the Jedi, Palpatine urges Luke to kill Vader, but Luke refuses, and avoids turning to the dark side. Palpatine urges Anakin to kill Count Dooku, and Anakin does and becomes Palpatine's apprentice.

      Palpatine watches as his current apprentice (Count Dooku) and his intended new apprentice (Anakin) duel to the death, while behind them can be seen a massive space fleet battle, as in Return of the Jedi. The scene where the elevator falls and Anakin has to hold on to the ledge parallels the scene where Luke has to hold on when he falls out of a window in Episode V. Obi-Wan says the traditional "I have a bad feeling about this!" just before he and Anakin enter the hangar of General Grievous' battlecruiser. Han Solo says the identical line in A New Hope.

      In the beginning of the movie while flying a starfighter on the way to rescue Palpatine, Anakin says, "This is where the fun begins". Many vehicles and technology in the film appear to be predecessors of their counterparts in the original trilogy. The title is a reprise of an early working title of Return of the Jedi, "Revenge of the Jedi", which was altered by Lucas with the rationale that Jedi do not take revenge. Previously held by The Matrix Reloaded with $37.5 million.

      Thursday gross. Previously held by Shrek 2 with $44.8 million. Single day gross. Previously held by Spider-Man 2 with $40.4 million.

      Opening day gross. Previously held by The Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, which earned $8 million from 2,100 midnight screenings. Midnight screenings. Favorite Movie - Drama.

      Favorite Movie. Worst Supporting Actor (Hayden Christensen). Achievement in Makeup.

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