This page will contain external links about nhl, as they become available.

National Hockey League

The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the league's inception. The silver color is a homage to the Stanley Cup, the trophy awarded to the NHL champion.

The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional sports organization composed of hockey teams in the United States and Canada, where it is also known by its French name, Ligue Nationale de Hockey (LNH). It is generally regarded as the premier professional ice hockey league in the world. The NHL is one of the major professional sports leagues of North America.

History

The beginnings to The Original Six

The National Hockey League was founded in 1917 in Montreal after a series of disputes within the (Canadian) National Hockey Association (NHA) between the Toronto Blueshirts' owner Edward J. Livingstone and the owners of the other teams. The owners met in Montreal's Windsor Hotel to consider the league's future on February 11, 1917. Livingstone, unable to attend the meeting because of illness, was shocked to learn that owners had chosen to effectively eject him and the Blueshirts from the NHA. Arguments and discussions ensued which eventually led to the formation of the National Hockey League at on November 26, 1917, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs and newly-renamed Toronto Arenas as founding members.

The classic NHL shield logo, used until the end of the 2004 lockout.

The NHL endured a rocky inaugural season in 1917-18, starting with the temporary shuttering of the Bulldogs. On January 2, 1918, the Westmount Arena in Montreal, home to the Wanderers and Canadiens, was destroyed in a fire. The Wanderers, already a shadow of its former self, folded in the wake of the fire, ending one of the most storied franchises in the early years of Canadian professional hockey. With the Bulldogs and Wanderers out, the NHL operated with just three teams for the remainder of its opening year, and through the second season.

Though the league struggled to stay in business during its first decade, NHL teams were quite successful on the ice, winning the Stanley Cup seven out of its first nine years. (The 1918-19 competition was cancelled because of the Spanish Flu epidemic that had hit Seattle). By 1926, having increased player salaries to a level that couldn't be matched by other Canadian leagues, the NHL was alone in Stanley Cup competition. The league had also expanded into the United States, with the Boston Bruins in 1924, the New York Americans and the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925 and the New York Rangers, Detroit Cougars (later to become the Red Wings), and Chicago Blackhawks in 1926. Canadian additions included the Montreal Maroons and Hamilton Tigers. By the end of the 1930-31 season, the NHL featured a total of 10 teams. However, the Great Depression took a toll on the league; teams such as the Pirates, Americans and Ottawa Senators folded. With these developments and the onset of World War II, the NHL was reduced to six teams during its 25th anniversary year of (1942) – six teams still known today, if somewhat inaccurately, as the Original Six: The Canadiens, Maple Leafs, Red Wings, Bruins, Rangers, and Blackhawks.

Expansion: 1967 and beyond

The rise of the Western Hockey League, which many pundits thought planned to transform into a major league and challenge for the Stanley Cup, spurred the NHL in 1967 to undertake its first expansion since the 1920s. Six new teams were added to the NHL roster, and placed in their own newly-created division. They were the Philadelphia Flyers, St. Louis Blues, Minnesota North Stars, Los Angeles Kings, Oakland Seals, and Pittsburgh Penguins. Three years later, the NHL added the Vancouver Canucks and Buffalo Sabres as franchises.

In 1972, the World Hockey Association (WHA) was formed. Though it never challenged for the Stanley Cup, its status as a viable NHL rival was unquestionable. In response to that, the NHL decided to rush its own expansion plans by adding the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames that year, along with the Kansas City Scouts and Washington Capitals two years later. The dilution of the talent pool, however, caused the overall quality of play to suffer. The two leagues fought for the services of hockey players and fans until the WHA folded in 1979. Four of the remaining six WHA teams merged with the NHL: The Hartford Whalers, Québec Nordiques, Edmonton Oilers, and Winnipeg Jets. As of 2005, the Oilers are the last remaining original WHA franchise still playing in the city where they began in the NHL.

In the early 90's the NHL expanded further with five new franchises. The San Jose Sharks debuted in 1991, a season later the Ottawa Senators would join the NHL along with the Tampa Bay Lightning. In 1993, the NHL added an additional two teams, the Anaheim Mighty Ducks and the Florida Panthers. Approaching the new millennium, the NHL added another four teams; the Nashville Predators (1998), the Atlanta Thrashers (1999), the Minnesota Wild and the Columbus Blue Jackets (both added in 2000) bringing the total to 30 teams.

Labour Issues

There have been three work stoppages in NHL history, all happening between 1992 and 2005.

The first was a strike by the National Hockey League Players Association in April 1992 which lasted for 10 days, but the strike was settled quickly and all affected games were rescheduled.

A lockout at the start of the 1994-95 forced the league to reduce the schedule from 84 games to just 48, with the teams playing only intra-conference games during the reduced season. The resulting collective bargaining agreement was set for renegotiation in 1998 and extended to September 15, 2004.

Negotiations to replace the contract that expired in 2004 turned into one of the most contentious collective bargaining sessions in the history of professional sports. The league vowed to install what it dubbed "cost certainty" for its teams, but the National Hockey League Players Association countered that the move was little more than a euphemism for a salary cap, which the union initially said it would not accept. With no new agreement in hand when the existing contract expired on September 15, 2004, league commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office, causing the NHL to lose an entire season.

A new collective bargaining agreement was ratified in July 2005 with a term of six years with an option of extending the collective bargaining agreement for an additional year at the end of the term, allowing the NHL to resume as of the 2005-06 season.

Post Lockout

On October 5, 2005, the first post-lockout NHL season got under way with 15 games. Of those 15 games, 11 were in front of sell out crowds. The NHL, despite negative press generated during the lockout, has success attracting fans to the initial games of the season and extends fan bases into non-traditional markets in the US such as Nashville, Atlanta, and the Carolinas.

Current organization

The National Hockey League currently has 30 teams divided into two conferences, and 6 divisions, an organization that started in the year 2000. Over the years many different organizations have existed. For a list of previous teams see List of defunct NHL teams.

Eastern Conference

Western Conference

Season structure

Regular season

Each team in the NHL plays 82 regular season games, 41 games at home and 41 on the road. Teams play 32 games within their division (8 games against four other teams), 40 games against non-divisional, conference opponents (4 games against 10 other teams) and 10 interconference games, 1 game against each team in two of the three divisions in the opposite conference. The two divisions from the opposite conference which each team plays against will be rotated every year, much like interleague play in baseball.

Points are awarded for each game as follows:

  • Two points are awarded for a win
  • One point for losing in overtime or a shootout
  • Zero points for a loss in regulation time.

At the end of the regular season, the team that finishes with the most points in each division is crowned the division champion.

Stanley Cup playoffs

At the end of the regular season, the three division champions and the five other teams in each conference with the highest number of points, 8 teams in each conference, qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs. The division winners are seeded one through three, and the next five teams with the best records in the conference are seeded four through eight.

The Stanley Cup Playoffs is an elimination tournament, where two teams battle to win a best-of-seven series in order to advance to the next round. The first round of the playoffs, or conference quarterfinals, consists of the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, third playing the sixth, and the fourth playing the fifth. In the second round, or conference semifinals, the NHL re-seeds (unlike the NBA) the teams, with the top remaining conference seed playing against the lowest remaining seed, and the other two remaining conference teams pairing off. In the third round, the conference finals, the two remaining teams in each conference play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Stanley Cup Finals.

In each round the higher-ranked team is said to be the team with the home-ice advantage. Four of the seven games are played at this team's home venue - the first and second, and, where necessary, the fifth and seventh, with the other games played at the lower-ranked team's home venue.

During playoff games if the score is tied at the end of the third period an overtime period is played. If the score is tied at the end of an overtime period, additional overtime periods are played until a winner is determined. Overtimes are also full periods of twenty minutes (of five-on-five hockey), rather than the five minutes (of four-on-four hockey, followed by a shootout) in the regular season. The overtime is sudden death with the game ending when either team scores a goal.

Rules

While the National Hockey League follows the general rules of Ice hockey, it differs slightly from those used in international games organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation such as the Olympics.

Game timing

Each game is 60 minutes composed of three 20 minute periods. Between each period there is a 15 minute intermission. Between stoppages of play, teams have 25 seconds before substituting their players except for referee stoppages for TV commercials.

Each team may also take one 30 second time-out which may only be taken during a normal stoppage of play.

Hockey rink

The hockey rink is an ice rink which is rectangular with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall . The red line divides the ice in half lengthwise. The red line is used to judge icing violations. There are two blue lines that divide the rink roughly into thirds. They divide the ice into zones. Near each end of the rink, there is a thin red goal line spanning the width of the ice. It is used to judge goals and icing calls.

Scoring and winning

A goal is scored when the puck passes the goal line and enters the net. The team that has the most goals at the end of 60 minutes wins the game. If the game is tied at the end of regulation time, a 5 minute, 4-on-4 sudden death overtime period is played, where the first team that scores a goal wins the game. If the game is still tied at the end of overtime, the game enters a shootout. Three players for each team in turn perform a penalty shot. The team with the most goals during this shootout wins the game. If the game is still tied after the three shootout rounds, the shootout continues, but becomes sudden death.

Offside

In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. When an offside violation occurs, the linesman blows play dead, and a faceoff is conducted in the neutral zone.

The NHL in 2006 removed the offside pass or two-line pass which was a pass from inside a team's defending zone that crosses the red line.

Icing

Icing occurs when a player shoots the puck across both the red line and the opposing team's goal line without the puck going into the net. When icing occurs, a linesman stops play. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction. A short handed team is not penalized for clearing the puck out of its zone during a powerplay. If the goalie on the side of the ice where the puck is being sent touches the puck, the icing is waved off.

Under the rules following the 2004-2005 lockout, if a team ices the puck under five-on-five conditions, they are not allowed to make a line change for the following faceoff.

Penalties

A penalty is a punishment for inappropriate behaviour. A referee makes all penalty calls. A linesman may call only obvious technical infractions such as too many men on the ice. In the NHL, the Linesman may call major intent-to-injure penalties that the referee may have missed.

During a penalty, the player who committed the infraction is sent to the penalty box. In most cases, the penalized team cannot replace that player and is thus shorthanded for the duration of the penalty. Normally, hockey teams have five skaters (excluding the goaltender), so if one penalty is called, play becomes five-on-four.

This is called a power play for the attackers and a penalty kill for the defenders. A team is far more likely to score on a power play than during normal play. If the penalized team is scored on during a minor penalty, the penalty immediately ends.

Trophies and awards

Stanley Cup on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame

The National Hockey League presents numerous trophies per year; some are given to teams, and other are given to players.

Trophies awarded to teams

  • Stanley Cup -- overall playoff champion.
  • Clarence S. Campbell Bowl -- Western conference playoff champion.
  • Prince of Wales Trophy -- Eastern conference playoff champion.
  • Presidents' Trophy (1986 - present) - best regular season by a team
  • The O'Brien Trophy was awarded in the NHL before it was retired following the 1949-50 NHL season.

Trophies awarded to individuals

  • Art Ross Memorial Trophy (1948 - present) -- regular season league scoring champion
  • Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy (1968 - present) -- perseverance and sportsmanship
  • Calder Memorial Trophy (1933 - present) -- rookie of the year
  • Conn Smythe Trophy (1965 - present) -- most valuable player during the playoffs
  • Frank J. Selke Trophy (1978 - present) -- top defensive forward
  • Hart Memorial Trophy (1924 - present) -- most valuable player during the regular season
  • Jack Adams Award (1974 - present) -- coach of the year
  • James Norris Memorial Trophy (1954 - present)-- most outstanding defenceman
  • King Clancy Memorial Trophy (1988 - present) -- leadership and humanitarian contribution
  • Lady Byng Memorial Trophy (1925 - present) -- player combining ability and sportsmanship
  • Lester B. Pearson Award (1971 - present) -- most outstanding player as selected by peers
  • Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy (1999 - present) -- to the goal-scoring leader during the regular season
  • NHL Plus/Minus Award (1968 - present) -- highest plus/minus statistic
  • Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award (2000 - present) -- best save percentage by a goalkeeper
  • Vezina Trophy (1927 - present) -- voted to be the most outstanding goaltender
  • William M. Jennings Trophy (1982 - present) -- goalkeeper(s) for the team with the fewest goals against them
  • The Lester Patrick Trophy has been presented by the National Hockey League since 1966 to honour a recipient's contribution to hockey in the United States.

Three years after retirement, players are eligible to be voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. In the past, if a player was deemed significant enough, the pending period would be waived. However, only 10 individual have been honoured in this manner. In 1999 Wayne Gretzky became the last player to have the three years waived. After Gretzky's induction, the NHL declared that he would be the last one to have the waiting period omitted.

NHL: An International League

NHL is very proud of its players coming from all around the world. Since the 1990s, the league has tried to promote itself throughout Europe with ads, media, and magazines. The league also voluntarily stops its season so that its players can play in the Winter Olympics to have the players represent their own country. While the league has always had a strong Canadian majority, the percentage of Canadian players has gone down slowly in the past 20 years since the arrival of European players.


This page about nhl includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about nhl
News stories about nhl
External links for nhl
Videos for nhl
Wikis about nhl
Discussion Groups about nhl
Blogs about nhl
Images of nhl

While the league has always had a strong Canadian majority, the percentage of Canadian players has gone down slowly in the past 20 years since the arrival of European players. See article Qantas Club. The league also voluntarily stops its season so that its players can play in the Winter Olympics to have the players represent their own country. Since that time, new fleet have been given names from a specific theme:. Since the 1990s, the league has tried to promote itself throughout Europe with ads, media, and magazines. This aircraft was named Iris, by the Wife of the Governor General of the time. NHL is very proud of its players coming from all around the world. Naming of Qantas' fleet has occured since the arrival of the first DH50.

After Gretzky's induction, the NHL declared that he would be the last one to have the waiting period omitted. Although Qantas chose neither the Boeing 777 or Airbus 340, it is rumored that Qantas is still looking into buying planes from one of these two manufacturers for the LHR-SYD/SYD-LHR non-stop route. In 1999 Wayne Gretzky became the last player to have the three years waived. In the meantime, Qantas will use its A330 on international routes to Asia. However, only 10 individual have been honoured in this manner. Delivery of the 787 will start in 2008, with the 787-900 coming in 2011. In the past, if a player was deemed significant enough, the pending period would be waived. Qantas will use the Boeing 787 to cut travel time to Asia to less than 10 hours.

Three years after retirement, players are eligible to be voted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. This annoucement came after a long battle between Boeing and Airbus to meet the airline's needs for fleet renewal and future routes. The National Hockey League presents numerous trophies per year; some are given to teams, and other are given to players. On December 14, 2005, Qantas announced an order for 65 Boeing 787s with purchase rights on 50 more, with some going to JetStar. If the penalized team is scored on during a minor penalty, the penalty immediately ends. The interior design for the A380 aircraft is expected to feature new seat design, special lounge areas, AVOD, internet capability, and larger entertainment screens. A team is far more likely to score on a power play than during normal play. Qantas will also make aviation history by operating the longest 500-passenger service in the world, flying between Melbourne and Los Angeles (12,749 km).

This is called a power play for the attackers and a penalty kill for the defenders. Qantas intends to place the first 4 aircraft on trans-Pacific routes from Melbourne and Sydney to Los Angeles and later aircraft on services between Australia and London via Bangkok, Hong Kong, and Singapore (ref: Airliner World, March 2005). Normally, hockey teams have five skaters (excluding the goaltender), so if one penalty is called, play becomes five-on-four. The aircraft will be operated in a three class, 501 seat configuration on international services. In most cases, the penalized team cannot replace that player and is thus shorthanded for the duration of the penalty. It will be the second airline (after launch customer Singapore Airlines) to receive an A380 and will take delivery of its first aircraft in April 2007. During a penalty, the player who committed the infraction is sent to the penalty box. Qantas has placed an order for 12 Airbus A380-800, with options for 10 more.

In the NHL, the Linesman may call major intent-to-injure penalties that the referee may have missed. The QantasLink fleet consists of the following aircraft (at October 2005):. A linesman may call only obvious technical infractions such as too many men on the ice. The Qantas fleet consists of the following aircraft (at December 2005):. A referee makes all penalty calls. See full article: Qantas destinations. A penalty is a punishment for inappropriate behaviour. [3].

Under the rules following the 2004-2005 lockout, if a team ices the puck under five-on-five conditions, they are not allowed to make a line change for the following faceoff. No passengers were injured in the incident. If the goalie on the side of the ice where the puck is being sent touches the puck, the icing is waved off. United released a statement saying its flight 840 from Melbourne to Los Angeles "reported a wingtip touch with a Qantas aircraft as it taxied". A short handed team is not penalized for clearing the puck out of its zone during a powerplay. On 2 February 2006, a Qantas Boeing 767, carrying 155 passengers and 11 crew, and a United Airlines 747, carrying 99 passengers and 14 crew, were involved in a wing clipping incident while on the runway of Melbourne's Tullamarine International Airport. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction. The aircraft was only 15 months old at the time of the incident.

When icing occurs, a linesman stops play. Subsequent investigation found no sign of smoke or fire, and it is believed that the cargo fire sensors were faulty. Icing occurs when a player shoots the puck across both the red line and the opposing team's goal line without the puck going into the net. 9 passengers were injured and hospitalised. The NHL in 2006 removed the offside pass or two-line pass which was a pass from inside a team's defending zone that crosses the red line. The Osaka Control Tower reported seeing smoke on landing, so an emergency evacuation was declared as a precaution and emergency slides were deployed. When an offside violation occurs, the linesman blows play dead, and a faceoff is conducted in the neutral zone. The aircraft made an emergency landing at Kansai Airport in Osaka, Japan after an indication of smoke in the cargo hold.

In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. On 21 August 2005, an incident occurred involving Qantas Airbus A330-300 VH-QPE with 178 passengers and 13 crew aboard. If the game is still tied after the three shootout rounds, the shootout continues, but becomes sudden death. It also returned to service after repairs. The team with the most goals during this shootout wins the game. The following year 747-300 VH-EBW was damaged when its landing gear collapsed while taxiing at Rome. Three players for each team in turn perform a penalty shot. [2] Repairs to the nine-year-old aircraft were undertaken in China by TAECO at a cost in excess of A$100 million and it was suggested at the time that this expense was solely to avoid a hull-loss being recorded, a claim Qantas denied.

If the game is still tied at the end of overtime, the game enters a shootout. [1] There were no fatalities; however, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau criticised numerous inadequacies in Qantas' operational and training processes. If the game is tied at the end of regulation time, a 5 minute, 4-on-4 sudden death overtime period is played, where the first team that scores a goal wins the game. Qantas' record in the jet era was spotless until Boeing 747-400 VH-OJH over-ran the runway by 220 metres while landing in a rainstorm at Bangkok in 1999. The team that has the most goals at the end of 60 minutes wins the game. Other fatal accidents occurred in 1927, 1934, 1942, 1943 (×2), and 1944. A goal is scored when the puck passes the goal line and enters the net. One was on 16 July 1951, when De Havilland Drover VH-EBQ crashed in New Guinea after an engine failure, killing all seven passengers and crew.

It is used to judge goals and icing calls. Prior to the jet era, Qantas had fatal crashes. Near each end of the rink, there is a thin red goal line spanning the width of the ice. However, the company's official line is that it has never lost a "jet" aircraft. They divide the ice into zones. It is often claimed, most notably in the 1988 movie Rain Man, that Qantas has never had a fatal crash. There are two blue lines that divide the rink roughly into thirds. There are also plans to increase services to India, by making the current three times weekly service to Mumbai (Bombay) into a daily return flight.

The red line is used to judge icing violations. On 30 November 2005 Qantas annouced that services to New York would go from 3 per week to 5 per week from 27 February 2006. The red line divides the ice in half lengthwise. Also in mid-2005 Qantas annouced it would increase services to Shanghai and Johannesburg. The hockey rink is an ice rink which is rectangular with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall . In mid-2005 Qantas announced it would recommence services to Beijing, Seoul, Vancouver and San Francisco. Each team may also take one 30 second time-out which may only be taken during a normal stoppage of play. The first of the 787s are scheduled to be delivered to Jetstar in August 2008.

Between stoppages of play, teams have 25 seconds before substituting their players except for referee stoppages for TV commercials. Jetstar, Qantas' low-cost subsidiary, will also operate 10 of the new aircraft on international routes. Between each period there is a 15 minute intermission. The aircraft will allow Qantas to replace their current 767-300 fleet, increase capacity and establish new routes. Each game is 60 minutes composed of three 20 minute periods. The 787 was chosen after a very competitive selection process in which it competed directly with the Airbus A350. While the National Hockey League follows the general rules of Ice hockey, it differs slightly from those used in international games organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation such as the Olympics. On 14 December 2005, Qantas announced an order for 115 Boeing 787-8 and 787-9 aircraft (45 firm orders, 20 options and 50 purchase rights).

The overtime is sudden death with the game ending when either team scores a goal. In 2005, the first visit of an Airbus A380 to Australia coincided with Qantas's 85th birthday. Overtimes are also full periods of twenty minutes (of five-on-five hockey), rather than the five minutes (of four-on-four hockey, followed by a shootout) in the regular season. Qantas is responsible for some of the most successful marketing campaigns in Australian history, with many advertising campaigns featuring renditions by children's choirs of Peter Allen's "I Still Call Australia Home," set to footage of breathtaking scenery. If the score is tied at the end of an overtime period, additional overtime periods are played until a winner is determined. Commentators believe the sale, and resultant greater Australian ownership, will free up hurdles for Qantas to expand into Asia. During playoff games if the score is tied at the end of the third period an overtime period is played. By law, Qantas must be at least 51% Australian-owned, and the British Airways holding had brought foreign ownership to the maximum permissible level.

Four of the seven games are played at this team's home venue - the first and second, and, where necessary, the fifth and seventh, with the other games played at the lower-ranked team's home venue. British Airways' original 25% share had been diluted to 18.5% by the issue of more shares. In each round the higher-ranked team is said to be the team with the home-ice advantage. In September 2004, British Airways disposed of its share in Qantas, expected to amount to A$1.1bn. In the third round, the conference finals, the two remaining teams in each conference play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Stanley Cup Finals. In 1993, British Airways bought a 25 % share in Qantas for A$665m. In the second round, or conference semifinals, the NHL re-seeds (unlike the NBA) the teams, with the top remaining conference seed playing against the lowest remaining seed, and the other two remaining conference teams pairing off. In 2003, Qantas attempted and failed to obtain regulatory approval to purchase a larger (but still minority) stake in Air New Zealand.

The first round of the playoffs, or conference quarterfinals, consists of the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, third playing the sixth, and the fourth playing the fifth. It now wholy owns and operates JetConnect which operates NZ domestic services under the Qantas brand. The Stanley Cup Playoffs is an elimination tournament, where two teams battle to win a best-of-seven series in order to advance to the next round. Qantas has attempted to expand into the New Zealand domestic air travel market, first with a shareholding in Air New Zealand and then by a franchise takeover of Ansett New Zealand. The division winners are seeded one through three, and the next five teams with the best records in the conference are seeded four through eight. Qantas is already the second-largest airline operating out of Singapore Changi Airport, while Singapore Airlines is the second-largest operator of international flights into and out of Australia. At the end of the regular season, the three division champions and the five other teams in each conference with the highest number of points, 8 teams in each conference, qualify for the Stanley Cup playoffs. On 13 December 2004, the first flight of Jetstar Asia Airways took off from its Singapore hub to Hong Kong, marking Qantas' entry into the Asian cut-price market, and its intentions in battling key competitor Singapore Airlines on its home ground.

At the end of the regular season, the team that finishes with the most points in each division is crowned the division champion. Prior to Jetstar, Qantas had also developed a full-service all economy international carrier focussed on the holiday and leisure market, which has taken on the formerly used Australian Airlines name. Points are awarded for each game as follows:. Qantas hopes that this move will "crowd out" the cut-price segment of the market, allowing Qantas to remain the superdominant player in the Australian domestic aviation market and one of the few profitable full-service airlines in the world. The two divisions from the opposite conference which each team plays against will be rotated every year, much like interleague play in baseball. The introduction of Virgin Blue, a cut-price competitor, has eaten into this market share somewhat, and Qantas has responded by creating a new cut-price subsidiary airline Jetstar. Teams play 32 games within their division (8 games against four other teams), 40 games against non-divisional, conference opponents (4 games against 10 other teams) and 10 interconference games, 1 game against each team in two of the three divisions in the opposite conference. After September 2001 and the collapse of Ansett Airlines, Qantas held a near-monopoly on the Australian domestic air travel market.

Each team in the NHL plays 82 regular season games, 41 games at home and 41 on the road. Over the years, several domestic Australian airlines have gone out of business amid complaints of anti-competitive pricing by Qantas and exorbitant prices on new non-competed routes. For a list of previous teams see List of defunct NHL teams. Qantas has a reputation for being an aggressive competitor in the Australian aviation market. Over the years many different organizations have existed. It also flies many international routes to and from Australia. The National Hockey League currently has 30 teams divided into two conferences, and 6 divisions, an organization that started in the year 2000. Since the merger with Australian Airlines in 1993, Qantas has flown an extensive schedule between all Australian capital cities, as well as many regional cities and towns.

The NHL, despite negative press generated during the lockout, has success attracting fans to the initial games of the season and extends fan bases into non-traditional markets in the US such as Nashville, Atlanta, and the Carolinas. The airline ceased operations in 1996. Of those 15 games, 11 were in front of sell out crowds. Several Boeing 747SP and 767 aircraft were transferred from Qantas service. On October 5, 2005, the first post-lockout NHL season got under way with 15 games. In 1990, Qantas established Australia Asia Airlines to operate services to Taiwan. A new collective bargaining agreement was ratified in July 2005 with a term of six years with an option of extending the collective bargaining agreement for an additional year at the end of the term, allowing the NHL to resume as of the 2005-06 season. Qantas was privatised in 1995 by Prime Minister Keating's labor government.

With no new agreement in hand when the existing contract expired on September 15, 2004, league commissioner Gary Bettman announced a lockout of the players union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office, causing the NHL to lose an entire season. Many of these routes were dropped in the 1970s following the airline slump after wide-body aircraft were introduced. The league vowed to install what it dubbed "cost certainty" for its teams, but the National Hockey League Players Association countered that the move was little more than a euphemism for a salary cap, which the union initially said it would not accept. By the 1960s, Qantas was operating round-the-world services from Australia to London via Asia and the Middle East and via the USA and Mexico. Negotiations to replace the contract that expired in 2004 turned into one of the most contentious collective bargaining sessions in the history of professional sports. The network was expanded across the Pacific in 1954 when Qantas took over the operations of British Commonwealth Pacific Airlines (BCPA). The resulting collective bargaining agreement was set for renegotiation in 1998 and extended to September 15, 2004. In 1948, the airline took delivery of Lockheed L.049 Constellations.

A lockout at the start of the 1994-95 forced the league to reduce the schedule from 84 games to just 48, with the teams playing only intra-conference games during the reduced season. Immediately after World War II, Qantas began operating Avro Lancastrian aircraft between Sydney and London in cooperation with British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC). The first was a strike by the National Hockey League Players Association in April 1992 which lasted for 10 days, but the strike was settled quickly and all affected games were rescheduled. Subsequent conservative governments maintained this arrangement. There have been three work stoppages in NHL history, all happening between 1992 and 2005. In 1967, the name was changed to Qantas Airways Limited. Approaching the new millennium, the NHL added another four teams; the Nashville Predators (1998), the Atlanta Thrashers (1999), the Minnesota Wild and the Columbus Blue Jackets (both added in 2000) bringing the total to 30 teams. It remained an unlisted public company with the government holding 100 % of the shares.

In 1993, the NHL added an additional two teams, the Anaheim Mighty Ducks and the Florida Panthers. After World War II, QEA Limited was in dire financial straits and was taken over by the Australian labor government led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley. The San Jose Sharks debuted in 1991, a season later the Ottawa Senators would join the NHL along with the Tampa Bay Lightning. The flights operated in complete radio silence and took more than twenty-four hours. In the early 90's the NHL expanded further with five new franchises. QEA operated a non-stop flying boat service between Perth, Western Australia and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1943-44. As of 2005, the Oilers are the last remaining original WHA franchise still playing in the city where they began in the NHL. Most of the QEA fleet was taken over by the Australian government for war service between 1939 and 1945, and most of these aircraft were lost in action.

Four of the remaining six WHA teams merged with the NHL: The Hartford Whalers, Québec Nordiques, Edmonton Oilers, and Winnipeg Jets. The Sydney to Southampton service took nine days, with passengers staying in hotels overnight. The two leagues fought for the services of hockey players and fans until the WHA folded in 1979. In 1938, this operation was replaced by a flying boat service using Shorts S.23 Empire Flying Boats. The dilution of the talent pool, however, caused the overall quality of play to suffer. Imperial Airways operated the rest of the service through to London. In response to that, the NHL decided to rush its own expansion plans by adding the New York Islanders and Atlanta Flames that year, along with the Kansas City Scouts and Washington Capitals two years later. Qantas Empire Airways commenced services between Brisbane and Singapore using deHavilland DH-86 Commonwealth Airliners.

Though it never challenged for the Stanley Cup, its status as a viable NHL rival was unquestionable. Each partner held 49 %, with two per cent in the hands of an independent arbitrator. In 1972, the World Hockey Association (WHA) was formed. In 1934, QANTAS Limited and Britain's Imperial Airways (the forerunner of British Airways) formed a new company, Qantas Empire Airways Limited. Three years later, the NHL added the Vancouver Canucks and Buffalo Sabres as franchises. It operated air mail services subsidized by the Australian government, linking railheads in western Queensland. Louis Blues, Minnesota North Stars, Los Angeles Kings, Oakland Seals, and Pittsburgh Penguins. Qantas was founded in Queensland on 16 November 1920 as Queensland and Northern Territorial Aerial Services Limited.

They were the Philadelphia Flyers, St. . Six new teams were added to the NHL roster, and placed in their own newly-created division. Qantas was formerly an acronym for the "Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services." The company is traded on the Australian Stock Exchange as "QAN.". The rise of the Western Hockey League, which many pundits thought planned to transform into a major league and challenge for the Stanley Cup, spurred the NHL in 1967 to undertake its first expansion since the 1920s. Qantas is the third oldest airline in the world after KLM, the national airline of the Netherlands, and Avianca from Colombia. With these developments and the onset of World War II, the NHL was reduced to six teams during its 25th anniversary year of (1942) – six teams still known today, if somewhat inaccurately, as the Original Six: The Canadiens, Maple Leafs, Red Wings, Bruins, Rangers, and Blackhawks. "Qantas" (IATA: QF, ICAO: QFA, and Callsign: Qantas) is the name and callsign of the oldest and largest airline of Australia.

However, the Great Depression took a toll on the league; teams such as the Pirates, Americans and Ottawa Senators folded. He is also qualified for flying the Boeing 747-400 as a First Officer - he commenced and completed his training with Qantas. By the end of the 1930-31 season, the NHL featured a total of 10 teams. Actor John Travolta personally owns and flies an ex-Qantas Boeing 707 painted in the Qantas livery of the 1960's. Canadian additions included the Montreal Maroons and Hamilton Tigers. Its first international destination was to Singapore. The league had also expanded into the United States, with the Boston Bruins in 1924, the New York Americans and the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1925 and the New York Rangers, Detroit Cougars (later to become the Red Wings), and Chicago Blackhawks in 1926. British Airways used these designs on their tailfins as part of their 1997 "ethnic art" relaunch.

By 1926, having increased player salaries to a level that couldn't be matched by other Canadian leagues, the NHL was alone in Stanley Cup competition. All three carry striking, colourful liveries, designed by Australian Aborigines. (The 1918-19 competition was cancelled because of the Spanish Flu epidemic that had hit Seattle). Qantas has three planes painted in Australian Aboriginal art liveries: Wunala Dreaming (Boeing 747-438ER VH-OEJ), Nalanji Dreaming (Boeing 747-338 VH-EBU) and Yananyi Dreaming (Boeing 737-838 VH-VXB). Though the league struggled to stay in business during its first decade, NHL teams were quite successful on the ice, winning the Stanley Cup seven out of its first nine years. In 1979 Qantas was the only airline in the world to operate a fleet consisting entirely of Boeing 747's. With the Bulldogs and Wanderers out, the NHL operated with just three teams for the remainder of its opening year, and through the second season. Qantas Boeing 707s were nicknamed V jets from the latin vannus meaning fan.

The Wanderers, already a shadow of its former self, folded in the wake of the fire, ending one of the most storied franchises in the early years of Canadian professional hockey. The first Qantas Boeing 707 was delivered to the airline in Seattle on 26 June 1959. On January 2, 1918, the Westmount Arena in Montreal, home to the Wanderers and Canadiens, was destroyed in a fire. In 1928 a chartered Qantas aircraft conducted the inaugural flight of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, departing from Cloncurry. The NHL endured a rocky inaugural season in 1917-18, starting with the temporary shuttering of the Bulldogs. In the 1920s Qantas built a number of aircraft (De Havilland DH50s and a single DH9) under licence in its Longreach hangar. Arguments and discussions ensued which eventually led to the formation of the National Hockey League at on November 26, 1917, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs and newly-renamed Toronto Arenas as founding members. Cruising speed was 105 kilometres per hour (65 mph), carrying 1 pilot and 2 passengers.

Livingstone, unable to attend the meeting because of illness, was shocked to learn that owners had chosen to effectively eject him and the Blueshirts from the NHA. The first aircraft owned by Qantas was Avro 504K G-AUBG, purchased for £1425. The owners met in Montreal's Windsor Hotel to consider the league's future on February 11, 1917. 2006/7 (Airbus A380) - First A380 will be named Nancy Bird Walton, remainder as yet are un-named however will be themed on Australian Aviation Pioneers. Livingstone and the owners of the other teams. 2002 - Re-establishment of naming practice of fleet after Towns & Cities of Australia, celebrating Qantas' coverage of Australia. The National Hockey League was founded in 1917 in Montreal after a series of disputes within the (Canadian) National Hockey Association (NHA) between the Toronto Blueshirts' owner Edward J. 1980s - Wildlife (Bellbird, Lorikeet and Kestrel).

. 1980s - Inspirational Names (Daring, Integrity, Resolute). The NHL is one of the major professional sports leagues of North America.

.  ???? (Flying Boats) - Capella, Carpentaria, Challenger, Champion, Calypso and Camilla. It is generally regarded as the premier professional ice hockey league in the world. 1929 (DH61 Aircraft) - Grecian Theme (Apollo, Diana, Hermes and Athena). The National Hockey League (NHL) is a professional sports organization composed of hockey teams in the United States and Canada, where it is also known by its French name, Ligue Nationale de Hockey (LNH). 34 Dash 8 (further 7 on order).

The Lester Patrick Trophy has been presented by the National Hockey League since 1966 to honour a recipient's contribution to hockey in the United States. 5 BAe 146. Jennings Trophy (1982 - present) -- goalkeeper(s) for the team with the fewest goals against them. 5 Boeing 717-200 (further 4 on order). William M. 35 Boeing 787s (on order). Vezina Trophy (1927 - present) -- voted to be the most outstanding goaltender. 24 Boeing 767-300ER (comprising 17 Boeing 767-338ER and 7 Boeing 767-336ER).

Roger Crozier Saving Grace Award (2000 - present) -- best save percentage by a goalkeeper. 30 Boeing 747-400 (comprising 21 Boeing 747-438, 6 Boeing 747-438ER, 2 Boeing 747-4H6 and 1 Boeing 747-48E). NHL Plus/Minus Award (1968 - present) -- highest plus/minus statistic. 6 Boeing 747-338. Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy (1999 - present) -- to the goal-scoring leader during the regular season. 29 Boeing 737-838 (further 4 on order). Pearson Award (1971 - present) -- most outstanding player as selected by peers. 20 Boeing 737-400 (comprising 19 Boeing 737-476 and 1 Boeing 737-4L7).

Lester B. 10 Airbus A330-303. Lady Byng Memorial Trophy (1925 - present) -- player combining ability and sportsmanship. 4 Airbus A330-201. King Clancy Memorial Trophy (1988 - present) -- leadership and humanitarian contribution. James Norris Memorial Trophy (1954 - present)-- most outstanding defenceman.

Jack Adams Award (1974 - present) -- coach of the year. Hart Memorial Trophy (1924 - present) -- most valuable player during the regular season. Selke Trophy (1978 - present) -- top defensive forward. Frank J.

Conn Smythe Trophy (1965 - present) -- most valuable player during the playoffs. Calder Memorial Trophy (1933 - present) -- rookie of the year. Bill Masterton Memorial Trophy (1968 - present) -- perseverance and sportsmanship. Art Ross Memorial Trophy (1948 - present) -- regular season league scoring champion.

The O'Brien Trophy was awarded in the NHL before it was retired following the 1949-50 NHL season. Presidents' Trophy (1986 - present) - best regular season by a team. Prince of Wales Trophy -- Eastern conference playoff champion. Campbell Bowl -- Western conference playoff champion.

Clarence S. Stanley Cup -- overall playoff champion. Zero points for a loss in regulation time. One point for losing in overtime or a shootout.

Two points are awarded for a win.

07-27-15 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/browse2000.php Business Search Directory Real Estate Database WebExposure.us Google+ Directory Dan Schmidt is a keyboardist, composer, songwriter, and producer.