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Naked News, billing itself as "the program with nothing to hide", is a subscription website featuring a real television newscast prepared in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The male and female anchors read the news fully nude or strip as they present their news segments. Naked News TV is its offshoot pay-per-view or subscription service. Regardless of the gender of the anchor, the male demographic is particularly high for the show.
Naked News was conceived in 1998 and debuted in 1999 as a web-based news service and featuring an all-female cast. The website was popularized entirely by word of mouth, and quickly became an internet meme. During the height of its popularity, the website was promoted as receiving over 6 million hits per month. This number did not refer to the number of actual subscribers of the site, which was believed to be vastly lower. Part of the large amounts of web traffic in the site's early days was because the entire newscast could be viewed for free, though subscribers got access to a higher bandwidth feed and other extras. By 2002, only one news segment could be viewed freely, and by 2004, no free content remained on the website.
A male version of the show was created in 2001 to parallel the female version. It does not however enjoy the same popularity and fame, and there are currently more female than male anchors. Although it was originally targeted towards female viewers (at one point said to be 30% of the website's audience), the male show now openly promotes itself as news from a gay perspective.
Its offshoot Naked News TV aired as a late-night television series on the Toronto television station Citytv, and (until February 2005) on British satellite channel Get Lucky TV. The show is or has been available on pay-per-view or by subscription in various markets in the U.S., Australia, Canada, the UK, Ireland, and even France (dubbed into French).
Opinions of Naked News
Naked News has earned some praise from established journalists for its coverage of international news items not often covered in mainstream news media. Victoria Sinclair, the first NN announcer and one of only two with journalism experience, has also received some praise for her newsreading ability.
Naked News has generated some controversy among the media, and even within its own staff. Critics charge that the nudity is little more than a gimmick that trivializes important news events, while proponents argue that such gimmicks exist on most television news already; nudity is just a particularly successful one. Sinclair herself has questioned the appropriateness of disrobing while reading of tragic events. She did not undress when she read the news of the death of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, nor for the September 11, 2001 program (which was not aired). The anchors have all since continued the tradition of reading tragic events fully clothed. This too has proven to be controversial as observers have complained that stories that warranted "fully-clothed" coverage were, in fact, Western or "Eurocentric" tragedies, while disasters happening elsewhere in the world were deemed "less important." In actuality, the producers of Naked News have instituted a basic rule in this area: No disrobing during any news coverage of a major tragedy anywhere in the world. It was said that events like the 2005 Indian Ocean Earthquake were reported in the nude, while news of the London bombings as well as all follow-up reports and interviews done in the following days, were done fully clothed both in studio and in London.
Most of the show's announcers have been recruited through classified ads in alternative newspapers in Toronto. As such, most of the show's crew comes from the Toronto area. The show features occasional on-the-street interviews by topless newscasters, which are made possible by Ontario's Topfree equality laws. Since the show's inception in 1999, there has been much turnover among the newscasters, and many guest anchors. The female announcers have been featured in almost every media including television (CBS Sunday Morning, The Today Show, The View, Sally Jesse Raphaël, and numerous appearances on Entertainment Tonight and ET Insider) newspapers and magazines, (TV Guide, Playboy) and as guests on multiple radio shows including Howard Stern.
The current female anchors are:
Past female anchors are:
The current male anchors are:
Past male anchors are:
The initial success of the show's concept spawned several imitators, mostly on the websites, but also including "The Daily Flash", a news program on Playboy TV.
Among the imitators on the internet:
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The current male anchors are:. The term soccer first appeared in the 1880s as a slang abbreviation of Association football. Past female anchors are:. The rules of football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863, and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time, specifically rugby football. The current female anchors are:. The major international competitions of the world and the continental confederations, followed by their major club events where appropriate, are:. The female announcers have been featured in almost every media including television (CBS Sunday Morning, The Today Show, The View, Sally Jesse Raphaël, and numerous appearances on Entertainment Tonight and ET Insider) newspapers and magazines, (TV Guide, Playboy) and as guests on multiple radio shows including Howard Stern. It thus carries international prestige considered comparable to that of the FIFA Women's World Cup.
Since the show's inception in 1999, there has been much turnover among the newscasters, and many guest anchors. A women's tournament was added in 1996; in contrast to the men's event, the women's Olympic tournament is played by full international sides without age restrictions. The show features occasional on-the-street interviews by topless newscasters, which are made possible by Ontario's Topfree equality laws. Currently, the Olympic men's tournament is played at Under-23 level with a restricted number of over-age players per team; consequently the competition is not generally considered to carry the same international significance and prestige as the World Cup. As such, most of the show's crew comes from the Toronto area. Originally this was for amateurs only, however since the 1984 Summer Olympics professionals have been permitted as well, albeit with certain restrictions which effectively prevent countries from fielding their strongest sides. Most of the show's announcers have been recruited through classified ads in alternative newspapers in Toronto. There has been a football tournament at the Summer Olympic Games since 1900, except at the 1932 games in Los Angeles.
It was said that events like the 2005 Indian Ocean Earthquake were reported in the nude, while news of the London bombings as well as all follow-up reports and interviews done in the following days, were done fully clothed both in studio and in London. The next World Cup takes place in Germany 2006. This too has proven to be controversial as observers have complained that stories that warranted "fully-clothed" coverage were, in fact, Western or "Eurocentric" tragedies, while disasters happening elsewhere in the world were deemed "less important." In actuality, the producers of Naked News have instituted a basic rule in this area: No disrobing during any news coverage of a major tragedy anywhere in the world. The finals tournament, which is held every four years, now involves 32 national teams (increased from 24 in 1998) competing over a four-week period. The anchors have all since continued the tradition of reading tragic events fully clothed. Over 190 national teams compete in qualifying tournaments within the scope of continental confederations for a place in the finals. She did not undress when she read the news of the death of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, nor for the September 11, 2001 program (which was not aired). This competition takes place over a four-year period.
Sinclair herself has questioned the appropriateness of disrobing while reading of tragic events. The major international competition in football is the World Cup organised by FIFA. Critics charge that the nudity is little more than a gimmick that trivializes important news events, while proponents argue that such gimmicks exist on most television news already; nudity is just a particularly successful one. Note that the Laws of the Game are not maintained by FIFA itself; rather they are maintained by the International Football Association Board, as discussed in the history and development section above. Naked News has generated some controversy among the media, and even within its own staff. These are affiliated both with FIFA directly and also with their respective continental confederations. Victoria Sinclair, the first NN announcer and one of only two with journalism experience, has also received some praise for her newsreading ability. The recognised various national associations (see football around the world) oversee football within their jurisdictions.
Naked News has earned some praise from established journalists for its coverage of international news items not often covered in mainstream news media. Six regional confederations are associated with FIFA; these are:. The show is or has been available on pay-per-view or by subscription in various markets in the U.S., Australia, Canada, the UK, Ireland, and even France (dubbed into French). The recognised international governing body of football (and associated games, such as futsal and beach soccer) is the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Its offshoot Naked News TV aired as a late-night television series on the Toronto television station Citytv, and (until February 2005) on British satellite channel Get Lucky TV. The details and application of this law are complex, and often result in controversy: for more information on offside please refer to the main article above. Although it was originally targeted towards female viewers (at one point said to be 30% of the website's audience), the male show now openly promotes itself as news from a gay perspective. It is often assumed that the purpose of this law is to prevent "goal scrounging" or "cherry picking", but in fact the offside law has similar roots to the offside law in rugby.
It does not however enjoy the same popularity and fame, and there are currently more female than male anchors. closer to the opponent's goal-line) of both the ball and the second last defending player. A male version of the show was created in 2001 to parallel the female version. The offside law limits the ability of attacking players to remain forward (i.e. By 2002, only one news segment could be viewed freely, and by 2004, no free content remained on the website. Even if a foul is not penalised due to application of the advantage rule the offender may still be sanctioned for any associated misconduct at the next stoppage of play. Part of the large amounts of web traffic in the site's early days was because the entire newscast could be viewed for free, though subscribers got access to a higher bandwidth feed and other extras. The referee may "call back" play and penalise the original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue within a short period of time, typically taken to be four to five seconds.
This number did not refer to the number of actual subscribers of the site, which was believed to be vastly lower. not stop play — when the team against which an offence has been committed will benefit from having play continue. During the height of its popularity, the website was promoted as receiving over 6 million hits per month. The advantage rule states that the referee should allow play to continue — i.e. The website was popularized entirely by word of mouth, and quickly became an internet meme. Misconduct may be punished by a caution (yellow card) or sending-off (red card). Naked News was conceived in 1998 and debuted in 1999 as a web-based news service and featuring an all-female cast. In particular, the offence of "unsporting behaviour" may be used to deal with most events that violate the spirit of the game, even if they are not listed as specific offences.
. Whilst the offences that constitute misconduct are listed, the definitions are broad. Regardless of the gender of the anchor, the male demographic is particularly high for the show. Misconduct may occur at any time, and may be committed by both players and substitutes. Naked News TV is its offshoot pay-per-view or subscription service. Other fouls are punishable by an indirect free kick. The male and female anchors read the news fully nude or strip as they present their news segments. "Penal fouls", for example handling the ball, tripping an opponent, pushing an opponent, etc, are punishable by a direct free kick or penalty kick depending on where the offence occurred.
Naked News, billing itself as "the program with nothing to hide", is a subscription website featuring a real television newscast prepared in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The offences that constitute a foul are listed in Law 12. Radio Tango - Oslo, Norway radio station once featured stripping female weather readers on their website. A foul occurs when a player (not a substitute) commits a specific offence listed in the Laws of the Game when the ball is in play. Comedie - This program on a French cable TV network ran a series promos featuring males and females casually undressing as they read jokes. From the initial kick-off of a period until the end of that period, the ball is "in play" at all times until the end of the playing period, except when the ball leaves the field of play or play is stopped by the referee; in these cases play is re-started by one of the following eight methods:. www.strip-news.de, a now-defunct German language webcast with both male and female announcers. Kick-offs are also used to restart play following a goal.
Robert Milan. At kick-off all players are required to be in their half of the field, and all players of the non-kicking team must also remain outside the centre-circle, until the ball is kicked and moved. Warren Michaels. Each playing period in football commences with a kick-off, which is a set kick from the centre-spot by one team. Brock Stern. Both these experiments have been discontinued by IFAB. Brendan Tanner. These involved rules ending a game in extra time early, either when the first goal in extra time was scored (golden goal), or at the end of the first period of extra time if one team was by then leading (silver goal).
Joshua Holt - Recently announced he was gay in the pages of The Advocate magazine. In the late 1990s, the IFAB experimented with ways of making matches more likely to end without requiring kicks from the penalty mark, which were often seen as an undesirable way to end a match. Cole McQuade. Other competitions may require a tied game to be replayed. Derek Shaw. where each round involves the two teams playing each other twice) may utilise the so-called away goals rule to attempt to determine which team progresses in the event of the teams being equal on wins; however, should results still be equal following this calculation kicks from the penalty mark are usually required. Malcolm Matisse. Competitions utilising two-leg stages (i.e.
Jack Lange. Note that goals scored during extra time periods count towards the final score of the game, unlike kicks from the penalty mark which are only used to decide the team that progresses to the next part of the tournament (with goals scored not making up part of the final score). Jeremy Chase. If the score is still tied after extra time, some competitions allow the use of penalty shootouts (known officially in the Laws of the Game as "kicks from the penalty mark") to determine which team will progress to the next stage of the tournament. Raoul Santos. If tied at the end of regulation time, in some competitions the game may go into extra time, which consists of two further 15-minute periods. Lucas Tyler - The first male anchor of the show, now also producer and director, said to bear a strong resemblance to NBC newsman Matt Lauer. allow the full or agreed time adding thereto all time lost through injury or accident" (Law V), and later FIFA guidelines regarding the annotation of goal scoring times suggested that time is indeed "added-on" to the end of the agreed half period.
Sarah Winters. Note that there is often semantic debate as to whether the referee is "adding on" time to the end of a half, or rather treating time during stoppages as though it never existed as part of the match time; this distinction has little bearing on the practical conduct of a game, however it may be noted that the pre-1997 wording of the laws stated that the referee "shall .. Kelli Graham. In matches where a fourth official is appointed, towards the end of the half the referee will signal how many minutes remain to be played, and the fourth official then signals this to players and spectators by holding up a board showing this number. Kaye Grant. There are no other timekeepers, although assistant referees carry a watch and may provide a second opinion if requested by the referee. Gretchen Frazier. The amount of time is at the sole discretion of the referee, and the referee alone signals when the match has been completed.
Allyson Jones. When making such an allowance for time lost, the referee is often said to be "adding time on"; the added time is commonly referred to as stoppage time or injury time. Erin Sherwood. The referee is the official timekeeper for the match, and it is part of his duties to make allowance for time lost through substitutions, injured players requiring attention, cautions and dismissals, sundry time wasting, etc. Devon Calwell - At age 19, she is the youngest cast member. The end of the match is known as full-time. She is unrelated to the Italian model of the same name. There is usually a 15-minute break between halves, known as half time.
Carmen Russo - At age 42, she is the oldest cast member. A standard adult football match consists of two periods (known as halves) of 45 minutes each. Holly Weston - She continued on the show throughout her pregnancy. The field has other field markings and defined areas; these are described in the main article above. Brooke Roberts. This area has a number of important functions, the most prominent being to denote where the goalkeeper may handle the ball and where a foul by a defender which would usually punished by a direct free kick becomes punishable by a penalty kick. Diane Foster. This area consists of the area formed by the goal-line, two lines starting on the goal-line 16.5m (18 yards) from the goalposts and extending 18 yards into the pitch from the goal-line, and a line joining these.
Erica Stevens. In front of each goal is an area of the field known as the penalty area (colloquially "penalty box", "18 yard box" or simply "the box"). Samantha Page. Nets are usually placed behind the goal, though are not required by the Laws. Ashley Jenning. The inner edges of the goal posts must be 7.32m (8 yards) apart, and the lower edge of the crossbar must be 2.44m (8 feet) above the ground. Yukiko Kimura. On the goal line at each end of the field is a goal.
Cameron Shore. The longer boundary lines are touch lines, while the shorter boundaries (on which the goals are placed) are goal lines. Gia Gomez. The length of the field (pitch) for international adult matches should be in the range 90-120m (100-130 yards) and the width should be in the range 45-90m (50-100 yards).The pitch must be rectangular, with the length of the touch line longer than the width of the goal line. Christine Kerr. In many high-level games there is also a fourth official, who assists the referee and may replace another official should the need arise. Michelle Pantoliano - Former radio & TV broadcaster from New York City. The referee is assisted by two assistant referees (formerly called linesmen).
Lily Kwan. A game is presided over by a referee, who has "full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which he has been appointed" (Law 5), and whose decisions regarding facts connected with play are final. Sandrine Renard. In standard adult matches, a player who has been substituted may not take further part in the match. Roxanne West. The usual reasons for a player's replacement include injury, tiredness, ineffectiveness, a tactical switch, or to waste a little time at the end of a finely poised game. "Athena the Greek". The maximum substitutions permitted in international games and in national level leagues are three, though substitution numbers may be varied in other leagues.
Athena King - a.k.a. A number of players may be replaced by substitutes during the course of the game. April Torres. Players are forbidden to wear or use anything that is dangerous to themselves or another player (including jewellery or watches). 2002. The basic equipment players are required to wear includes a shirt (or jersey), shorts, socks (or stockings), footwear and adequate shin guards. 2001, and returned in Nov. The goalkeeper is the only player allowed to handle the ball with his hands or arms, but is restricted to doing so within the penalty area (also known as the "box" or "18 yard box") in front of his own goal.
Sinclair left the show in Sept. One player on each team must be designated as that team's goalkeeper. Victoria Sinclair - The first NN reporter, she originally performed solo before additional news anchors were added. There are a variety of positions in which the outfield players are strategically placed by a manager/coach, though these positions are not defined or required by the Laws. Competition rules may state a minimum of seven players are required to constitute a team. Each team consists of a maximum of eleven players (excluding substitutes), one of whom must be the goalkeeper.
The Laws can be found on the official FIFA website. In addition to the seventeen Laws, numerous IFAB decisions and other directives contribute to the regulation of football. The Laws are often framed in broad terms, which allows flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game. The same laws are designed to apply to all levels of football, although the preface to the Laws does grant national associations the ability to authorise certain modifications for juniors, seniors, women, etc.
There are seventeen Laws in the official Laws of the Game. Today the board is made up of four representatives from FIFA and one representative from each of the four British associations. The growing popularity of the international game led to the admittance of FIFA representatives to the IFAB in 1913. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association FIFA, the international football body, was formed in Paris in 1904 and declared that they would adhere to the rules laid down by the IFAB.
The Board was formed in 1882 after a meeting in Manchester of The Football Association, the Scottish Football Association, the Football Association of Wales, and the Irish Football Association. Today the laws of the game are determined by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). Despite this, the Sheffield FA played by its own rules until the 1870s. The eleven remaining clubs, under the charge of Ebenezer Cobb Morley, went on to ratify the original fourteen rules of the game.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA but instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, who was the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting, the first which allowed for the running with the ball in hand and the second, obstructing such a run by hacking (kicking an opponent in the shins), tripping and holding. The Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which eventually produced the first comprehensive set of rules. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse.
These efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association (The FA) in 1863 which first met on the evening of 26 October 1863 at the Freemason's Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. Thring of Uppingham School also devised an influential set of rules. In 1862, J.C. Some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club (formed by former pupils from Harrow) in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867.
During the 1850s, many clubs were formed, thoughout the English-speaking world, independent of schools or universities, to play various forms of football. The first set of rules resembling the modern game were produced at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1848, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester and Shrewsbury, but they were far from universally adopted. The Laws of the Game are based on efforts made in the mid-19th century to standardise the rules of the widely varying games of football played at the independent schools of England. The game is played in accordance with a set of rules known as the Laws of the Game, which are summarised below.
When play has been stopped, it recommences with a specified restart (see below). Football is generally a free-flowing game with the ball in play at all times except when the ball has left the field of play by wholly crossing over a boundary line (either on the ground or in the air), or play has been stopped by the referee. Opposition players may try to regain control of the ball by intercepting a pass or through tackling the opponent who controls the ball. In typical game play, players attempt to move towards a goal through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling (running with the ball close to their feet); by passing the ball from team-mate to team-mate; and by taking shots at the goal.
Although players mainly use their feet to move the ball around, they may use any part of their bodies other than their hands or arms. The primary rule for this objective is that players, other than the goalkeepers, may not intentionally touch the ball with their hands or arms during play (though they do use their hands during a throw-in restart). The team which has scored the most goals at the conclusion of the game is the winner; if both teams have an equal number of goals then the game is a draw. Two teams of eleven players each compete to get a round ball (itself known as a football) into the other team's goal, thereby scoring a goal.
. In many parts of the world football evokes great passions and plays an important role in the life of individual fans, local communities, and even nations; it is therefore often claimed to be the most popular sport in the world. Its simple rules and minimal equipment requirements have no doubt aided its spread and growth in popularity. According to a survey conducted by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), football's governing body, published in the spring of 2001, over 240 million people regularly play football in more than 200 countries in every part of the world.
A very large number of people also play football at an amateur level. Football is played at a professional level all over the world, and millions of people regularly go to football stadia to follow their favourite team, whilst billions more avidly watch the game on television. These names are often used to distinguish the game from other codes of football, since the word "football" may be used to refer to several quite different games. The sport is also known by other names in some parts of the English-speaking world, usually association football and its contraction, soccer.
The winner is the team which has scored most goals at the end of the match. Other than the goalkeepers, players may not intentionally use their hands or arms to propel the ball in general play. The objective of the game is to score by maneuvering the ball into the opposing goal. It is a ball game played on a rectangular grass field with a goal at each end.
Africa: African Nations Cup; CAF Champions League. South America: Copa América; Copa Libertadores. Europe: European Championship; UEFA Champions League. World: FIFA World Cup; FIFA Club World Championship.
South America: Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (South American Football Confederation; CONMEBOL). Oceania: Oceania Football Confederation (OFC). Europe: Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Central/North America & Caribbean: Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF; also known as The Football Confederation).
Africa: Confederation of African Football (CAF). Asia: Asian Football Confederation (AFC). (Law 8). a serious injury to a player, interference by an external party, or a ball becoming defective).
Dropped-ball: occurs when the referee has stopped play for any other reason (e.g. (Law 14). Penalty kick: awarded to fouled team following "penal" foul having occurred in their opponent's penalty area. (Law 13).
Direct free kick: awarded to fouled team following certain listed "penal" fouls. (Law 13). Indirect free kick: awarded to the opposing team following "non-penal" fouls, certain technical infringements, or when play is stopped to caution/send-off an opponent without a specific foul having occurred. (Law 17).
Corner kick: when the ball has wholly crossed the goal line without a goal having been scored and having last been touched by a defender; awarded to attacking team. (Law 16). Goal kick: when the ball has wholly crossed the goal line without a goal having been scored and having last been touched by an attacker; awarded to defending team. (Law 15).
Throw-in: when the ball has wholly crossed the touchline; awarded to opposing team to that which last touched the ball. (Law 8). Kick-off: following a goal by the opposing team, or to begin each period of play.