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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. The biggest foreign exchange trading centre is London, followed by New York and Tokyo. It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. The Bank for International Settlements reported that global foreign exchange market turnover daily averages in April was $650 billion in 1998 (at constant exchange rates) and increased to $1.9 trillion in 2004 (Triennial Central Bank Survey of Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Activity 2004 - Final Results). Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). The foreign exchange markets are usually highly liquid as the world's main international banks provide a market around-the-clock. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. The spot market represents current exchange rates, whereas options are derivatives of exchange rates.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. Currencies can be traded at spot and foreign exchange options markets. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Like the stock exchange, money can be made or lost on the foreign exchange market by investors and speculators buying and selling at the right times. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. When China announced plans for its first manned space mission, synthetic futures on Chinese yuan jumped (since China's currency is officially pegged, synthetic markets have emerged that can behave as if the yuan was floating). County. For example, when Russian President Vladimir Putin dismissed his Government on February 24, 2004, the price of the Ruble dropped.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. A currency will tend to lose value, relative to other currencies, if the country's level of inflation is relatively higher, if the country's level of output is expected to decline, or if a country is troubled by political uncertainty. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. Most people will not be interested in a currency if they think it will devalue. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. In choosing what type of asset to hold, people are also concerned that the asset will retain its value in the future. In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. It has been argued that currency speculation can undermine real economic growth, in particular since large currency speculators may deliberately create downward pressure on a currency in order to force that central bank to sell their currency to keep it stable (once this happens, the speculator can buy the currency back from the bank at a lower price, close out their position, and thereby take a profit).

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". The higher a country's interest rates, the greater the demand for that currency. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). An investor may choose to buy a currency if the return (that is the interest rate) is high enough. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. The speculative demand for money is much harder for a central bank to accommodate but they try to do this by adjusting interest rates. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. Central banks typically have little difficulty adjusting the available money supply to accommodate changes in the demand for money due to business transactions.

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. The more people there are out of work, the less the public as a whole will spend on goods and services. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. The transaction demand for money is highly correlated to the country's level of business activity, gross domestic product (GDP), and employment levels. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. Increased demand for a currency is due to either an increased transaction demand for money, or an increased speculative demand for money. To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". It will become less valuable whenever demand is less than available supply (this does not mean people no longer want money, it just means they prefer holding their wealth in some other form, possibly another currency).

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. A currency will tend to become more valuable whenever demand for it is greater than the available supply. The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. A market based exchange rate will change whenever the values of either of the two component currencies change. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. For example, in 1983 the Hong Kong dollar was linked to the United States dollar. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. If the value of the currency is "pegged" its value is maintained by the government; in question at a fixed rate relative to the other currency.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Exchange rates for such currencies are likely to change almost constantly as quoted on financial markets, mainly by banks, around the world. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. If a currency is free-floating, its exchange rate is allowed to vary against that of other currencies. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. Conversely if the price currency is strengthening, the exchange rate number decreases and the unit currency is depreciating. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. Note that, using direct quotation, if a unit currency is strengthening (i.e., appreciating, or becoming more valuable) then the exchange rate number increases.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. Quotes using a country's home currency as the unit currency (e.g., $1.4368 = £1) are known as indirect quotation or quantity quotation and are used in British newspapers and are also common in Australia, New Zealand and Canada. Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. Quotes using a country's home currency as the price currency (e.g., £0.6960 = $1) are known as direct quotation or price quotation (from that country's perspective) ([1]) and are used by most countries. The name stuck. For example, in a quotation that says the EUR-USD exchange rate is 1.2 USD per EUR, the price currency is USD and the unit currency is EUR. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). An exchange rate quotation is given by stating the number of units of a price currency that can be bought in terms of 1 unit currency.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. By some estimates, about USD 2 trillion worth of currency changes hands every day. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. The foreign exchange market is one of the largest markets in the world. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. For example an exchange rate of 120 Japanese yen (JPY, ¥) to the United States dollar (USD, $) means that JPY 120 is worth the same as USD 1. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. In finance, the exchange rate (also known as the foreign-exchange rate, forex rate or FX rate) between two currencies specifies how much one currency is worth in terms of the other.

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. . . In cases where tariffs become an issue, this would be less the case. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. For example, say the price of a good increases 10% in the UK, and there is also a 10% appreciation in the Japanese currency against the UK currency, the price of the good remains constant for someone in Japan despite increase in price for people in the UK. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. The real exchange rate is the rate at which an organization can trade goods and services of one country for those of another.

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The nominal exchange rate is the rate at which an organization can trade the currency of one country for the currency of another. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. indirect quotation: Foreign Currency / Home Currency. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. direct quotation: Home Currency / Foreign Currency. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members.

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed].

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed].

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed].

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.".

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).

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