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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. The next time that the monkey will appear as the zodiac sign will be in the year 2016. It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. The Monkey is the ninth in the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). Terry Pratchett makes use of this trait in his Discworld novels, in which the Librarian of the Unseen University is an orangutan who gets very violent if referred to as a monkey. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. However, pop culture often incorrectly labels apes, particularly chimpanzees, gibbons, and gorillas, as monkeys.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. The television series Monkey, the literary characters Monsieur Eek and Curious George are all examples. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Monkeys are prevalent in numerous books, television programs, and movies. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. Calling either a simian is correct. County. Calling apes monkeys is incorrect.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. Note that the smallest grouping that contains them all is the Simiiformes, the simians, which also contains the apes. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. The following lists shows where the various monkey families (bolded) are placed in the Primate classification. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. Viktor Reinhardt, a former research veterinarian, wrote for the International Primate Protection League that: "the conditions I witnessed were so depressing that most monkeys had developed stereotypic behaviors such as pacing, rocking, bouncing, somersaulting, swaying from side to side, biting parts of their own bodies, pulling their ears, tossing their heads back and forth, or smearing feces on the cage walls." [3] [4] (mpg). In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Use of monkeys in laboratories is highly controversial with polarizing views.

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". Highly sociable animals, monkeys are kept in many different environments. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). In the United States, around 50,000 non-human primates, most of them monkeys, have been used in experiments every year since 1973 [2] (pdf); 10,000 monkeys were used in the European Union in 2004. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Macaques and African green monkeys are widely used in animal testing facilities because of their relative ease of handling and their psychological and physical similarity to humans. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. Permits may be issued to those who qualify in the caring of monkeys.

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. Their legal status as pets varies in other countries. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. it is illegal to keep monkeys in the home; even in places where they are legal, a Department of Agriculture permit is usually required. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. In most large metropolitan areas in the U.S. To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Some monkeys may even have special needs such as diets.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. It becomes very costly when it comes to buying food and housing them. The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. It is not cheap to bring up a monkey. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. It might be bad for the monkey to place them in non-social areas which could lead to problems. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Monkeys need to be placed in social areas.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. It is not easy for a monkey to get used to their new environment. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. Monkeys are known to get attached to their first owner so switching from one to another would not be a good idea. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. While a majority of monkey owners find other homes for them, such as zoos and monkey rescues, some people report having long and rewarding relationships with monkeys. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. They can change from one minute to the next without warning making it hard for the owner to fully understand them.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. The monkeys may also become aggressive even to their owners. Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The nice looking monkey eventually has to grow up and may in most cases become wild and not easy to control. The name stuck. Any surgical means to stem this behavior (such as removing the teeth or fingertips of the monkey) is widely considered cruel, and it is usually difficult to find veterinarians who will treat them: even exotic-animal veterinarians may not be familiar with them. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). Most adolescent monkeys begin to bite unpredictably and pinch adults and children.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. There needs to be a lot of time set aside for cleaning up whatever mess the monkey might make. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. Bored monkeys can become extremely destructive and may even go so far as to smear or throw their own feces. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. Monkeys can not handle being away from their owners for long periods of time, such as family trips for example, due to their need of attention. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. They usually require a large amount of attention.

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. They require constant supervision and mental stimulation. . While baby monkeys are usually as easy to keep clean as a human infant (by diapering), monkeys that have reached puberty usually remove their diapers and cannot be toilet trained. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. Although they may appear to be nice and friendly and can resemble human babies for some people, many people believe that monkeys should not be kept as, or seen as, pets. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. It is rumoured that one such monkey washed up ashore and, being mistaken for a Frenchman, was hanged in Hartlepool, England this caused the people of Hartlepool to be nicknamed the monkey hangers.

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. In the Napoleonic Wars, the same practice is thought to have occurred. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. Some were later kept in zoos, many modern captive monkeys in the UK are descended from such Victorian era monkeys. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. When the British first began to explore Africa, young monkeys were often captured and taken back on board the ship to entertain sailors. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. .

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The word Moneke may have been derived from the Italian monna, which means "a female ape." The name Moneke persisted over time likely due to the popularity of Reynard the Fox. The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. In this version of the fable, a character named Moneke is the son of Martin the Ape. WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. The name monkey may come from a German version of the Reynard the Fox fable, published in around 1580. Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. To understand the monkeys, therefore, it is necessary to study the characteristics of the different groups individually.

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. Although both the New and Old World monkeys, like the apes, have forward facing eyes, the faces of Old World and New World monkeys look very different though again, each group shares some features such as the types of noses, cheeks and rumps. Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. Some characteristics are shared among the groups; most New World monkeys have prehensile tails while Old World monkeys do not; some have trichromatic colour vision like that of humans, others are dichromats or monochromats. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Some are arboreal (living in trees), some live on the savanna; diets differ among the various species but may contain any of the following: fruit, leaves, seeds, nuts, flowers, insects, spiders, eggs and small animals. Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Monkeys range in size from the Pygmy Marmoset, at 10 cm (4 inch) long (plus tail) and 120 g (4 oz) in weight to the male Mandrill, almost 1 metre (3 ft) long and weighing 35 kg (75 lb).

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Because they are not a single coherent group, monkeys do not have any important characteristics that they all share and are not shared with the remaining group of simians, the apes. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. Also, a few monkey species have the word "ape" in their common name. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Because of their similarity to monkeys, apes such as chimpanzees and gibbons are sometimes incorrectly called monkeys. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. These two groupings are the New World and Old World monkeys of which together there are nearly 200 species.

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. A monkey is any member of two of the three groupings of simian primates. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. The Problem with Pet Monkeys. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". Inside the monkey house at Covance, shot undercover by the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.". "The Impossible Housing and Handling Conditions of Monkeys in Research Laboratories", by Viktor Reinhardt, International Primate Protection League, August 2001.

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding). Family Hominidae: humans and other great apes. Family Hylobatidae: gibbons ("lesser apes"). Superfamily Hominoidea

    . Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys.

    Superfamily Cercopithecoidea

      . Catarrhini
        . Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys. Family Pitheciidae: titis, sakis and uakaris.

        Family Aotidae: night monkeys, owl monkeys, douroucoulis. Family Cebidae: marmosets, tamarins, capuchins and squirrel monkeys. Platyrrhini: New World monkeys

          . Infraorder Simiiformes: simians
            .

            Family Tarsiidae: tarsiers. Infraorder Tarsiiformes

              . Suborder Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys and apes
                . Suborder Strepsirrhini: non-tarsier prosimians.

                ORDER PRIMATES

                  .

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