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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. (See International Phonetic Alphabet for the symbols used to represent pronunciation.). It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. One possible pronunciation in Valencian (South-west Catalan) is /va'lensja/. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). The latter name is pronounced /bə'łεnsjə/ in Central Catalan. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. (And during the Moorish occupation it was known as Balansiya.) By regular sound changes this has become Valencia /ba'lenθja/ in Spanish and València in Valencian.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. The original Latin name of the city was Valentia /wa'lentia/, meaning "Strength", "Vigour". The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Valencia was selected in 2003 to be the first city in continental Europe ever to host the historic America's Cup regatta, to take place in 2007. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. Valencia was granted Autonomous Statutes in 1982. County. A plan to turn the drained area into a motorway was dropped in favour of a picturesque 7 km park which bisects the city.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. One consequence of this was that a decision was made to drain and reroute the river and it now passes around the Western and southern suburbs of the city. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. In 1957 the city suffered a several flood by the Turia River, with 2 meters in some steets. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. During the Franco years, speaking or teaching Valencian was discouraged (nowadays it is compulsory for every child studying in Valencia, even if their parents don't want it). In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. The postwar period was hard for Valencians.

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". The city suffered from the blockade and siege by Franco's forces. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). After the fall of Madrid in the Spanish Civil War, the capital of the Republic was moved to Valencia. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. After the victory of the Bourbons at the Battle of Almansa (April 25, 1707), the city lost its privileges or furs. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. During the War of the Spanish Succession, Valencia sided with Charles of Austria.

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. Expulsion of Moriscos in 1609. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. War of the Germanies 1519–1522. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. Valencian bankers loaned funds to Queen Isabella for Columbus' trip in 1492. To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". The first printed Bible in a Romance language, Valencian, was printed in Valencia circa 1478, attributed to Bonifaci Ferrer.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. The first printing press in the Iberian Peninsula was located in Valencia. The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. The writer Joanot Martorell, author of Tirant lo Blanch, and the poet Ausias March are famous Valencians of that era. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Valencia was one of the major cities in the Mediterranean. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. The king James I of Aragon reconquered the city in 1238 and incorporated it to the new formed Kingdom of Valencia, one of the kingdoms forming the Crown of Aragon.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. In 1094, Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (El Cid) conquered Valencia (this victory was immortalised in the Lay of the Cid), but the city returned to the Almoravids in 1102. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. The city has been occupied by the Visigoths, Moors and the Aragonese. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. It was originally named Valentia, but centuries of changing pronunciations have since altered the name to its modern form. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. The city was founded by the Romans in 137 BC on the site of a former Iberian town, by the river Turia.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1.
. Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. As is normal for Spain, nightlife does not take off until after midnight. The name stuck. Today, bars and nightclubs are concentrated in the Carmen and university areas. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). In the 1980s and 1990s clubbers would follow the “ruta de bacalao” from Madrid to Valencia.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. Valencia is famous for its vibrant nightlife. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This results in a situation where in longer streets both languages can often be seen on street signs. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. In relation to street naming policy, new street signs when erected are always given the Valencian name for street (Carrer) however the older street names bearing the Spanish names are only replaced when necessary. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. For instance, all signs and announcements in the Metro are in Valencian, with Spanish translations underneath in smaller type.

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. The local government makes sure it emphasizes the use of the local language. . Due to political and demographic pressure in the past, the predominant language is Spanish, as opposed to areas surrounding the metropolitan area in the province of Valencia. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. The two official languages spoken in the city are Spanish and Valencian. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. Valencia has a successful football club, Valencia C.F., who won the Spanish league in 2004.

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. Valencia has a metro system [1], run by FGV. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. La Tomatina, an annual tomato fight, draws crowds to the nearby town of Buñol in August. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. It is famous for the Las Fallas festival in March, for paella valenciana and the new City of Arts and Sciences. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. Criticisms of the Valencian model of economic growth:.

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. According to official data from the organizing committee, as many as 150,000 visitors flocked to Valencia's port each day during the two-week events. The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. The first America's Cup competitions took place in June and July 2005 and were key attractions during the summer of 2005. WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. The city of Valencia and the surrounding area are expected to attract millions of visitors from around the world given that the city of Valencia has been chosen to host the 32nd America's Cup. Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. (See Travel and Tourism in Valencia.).

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. Small and medium sized industries are an important part of the local economy. Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. Unemployment is lower than the Spanish average. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Valencia’s manufacturing sector focuses on metallurgy, chemicals, textiles, shipbuilding and brewing. Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]. The main exports are food and drink (the Valencian region is famous for its oranges), furniture, ceramic tiles, fans, textiles and iron products.

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Valencia’s port is one of the busiest on the Mediterranean coast and handles 20% of Spain’s exports. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. Valencia has enjoyed strong economic growth over the last decade, much of it spurred by tourism and construction. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Other gardens in Valencia include the Real, Monforte, and Botanic gardens. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. The Palau De La Música is adjacent to the Turia gardens and the City of Arts and Sciences lies at one end.

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. The Turia river was diverted in the 1950s, and the old river bed is now the Turia gardens, which contain a children’s playground, a fountain, and sports fields. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. Around the corner is the Plaza de la Reina, with the Cathedral, orange trees, and many bars and restaurants. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". The Plaza de la Virgen contains the Basilica of the Virgin and the Turia fountain, and is a popular spot for locals and tourists. Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.". This is where the noisy fireworks of the mascleta can be heard every afternoon during the Fallas.

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding). The largest square is the Plaza del Ayuntamiento, which contains the town hall (ayuntamiento), a cinema which shows classic movies (Filmoteca), and many restaurants and bars. Museums in Valencia include:. The Music Palace (Palau De La Música) is another good example of modern architecture in Valencia. Calatrava is also responsible for the bridge named after him in the center of the city.

World-renowned architect Santiago Calatrava produced the futuristic City of Arts and Sciences (Ciutat de les Arts i les Ciències), which contains a science museum, IMAX cinema, and oceanographic park. The main railway station (Estación Del Norte) is built in art deco style. The modernist Central Market (Mercado Central) is one of the largest in Europe. UNESCO has declared the gothic silk exchange (La Lonja de la Seda) as a world heritage sight.

The 15th century Serrano and Quart towers are part of what was once the wall surrounding the city. Beside the Cathedral is the gothic Basilica of the Virgin (Basílica De La Virgen De Los Desamparados). The Cathedral, built between the 13th and 15th century, is primarily of gothic style but contains elements of baroque and Romanesque architecture. The ancient winding streets of the Barrio del Carmen contain buildings dating to Roman and Arabic times.

. Valencia has a Mediterranean climate, with warm dry summers and mild winters. As of 2005, the mayor of Valencia is Rita Barberá Nolla. Population of the metropolitan area (urban area plus satellite towns) was 1,623,724 as of 2005 estimates.

Population of the urban area was 1,012,000 as of 2000 estimates. Population of the city of Valencia proper was 796,549 as of 2005 estimates. It is the capital of the Land of Valencia and of province of Valencia. Valencia (Castilian Spanish: Valencia /va'lenθia/; Valencian Catalan: València /va'łεnsia/) is a medium-sized port city (the third largest city in Spain) and industrial area on the Costa del Azahar in Spain.

However, the Supreme Court has deemed the action of the local government as legal. Valencian citizens in the Cabanyal, Malvarosa, and Canyamelar districts claim that the America's Cup is being used as a pretext to fuel property speculation and to demolish historical buildings saved in the past by demonstrations and court rulings. The European Union's Committee of Petitions reported on the issue in 2004, finding that the Valencian government was breaching basic European rights. Critics argue that this legislation (which was theoretically designed to protect rural land) is being misused for large urban and industrial developments.

The Valencia government's implementation of the LRAU [law regulating urban activity] has been controversial since it involves the expropriation of the homes of both Spanish nationals and foreign residents without compensation. Focusing on tourism and construction has led to a great deal of building on rural land. Almudín (various exhibits, mainly art and archaeology). Museo Valenciano de la ilustración y la Modernidad (MUVIM, various exhibits).

Museo Del Arroz (rice). Museo Taurino (bullfighting). Museo Fallero & Museo Del Artista Fallero (Les Falles). Museo De Bellas Artes (fine art).

Instituto Valenciano De Arte Moderno (IVAM, modern art). Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias (arts and science).

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