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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. Lille is part of the Lille Métropole Communauté urbaine (formerly also known as C.U.D.L.). It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. Lille was elected European Capital of Culture in 2004, along with the Italian city of Genoa. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). The project has finally been completed with modern architecture and disruption to the ancient city center. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. The Euralille urban development project, centred around the new TGV station has fostered a long debate among Lille's citizens.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. The urban area is one of the biggest in France with more than 1 million inhabitants. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Lille has one of France's largest university student population with, depending on the information source, from 95,000 to 149,533 students in 2002-2003. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The Deûle connects to Northern Europe via the River Scarpe and the River Escaut (towards Belgium and the Netherlands), and internationally via the Lys (to Dunkerque and Calais). County. The river Deûle is connected to regional waterways with over 680 km of navigatable waters.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. Lille is the 3rd largest French river port after Paris and Strasbourg. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. In terms of shipping, it ranks fourth, with almost 38,000 tonnes of freight which pass through each year. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. It is the 12th most frequented French airport in number of passengers:. In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Lille Lesquin (http://www.lille.aeroport.fr/) International Airport is 15 minutes from the city center.

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". A sixth one, the A24, should link Amiens to Lille. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). Five autoroutes pass by Lille, the densest confluence of highways in France after Paris:. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. There are 60 stations which go as far as the Belgian border. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. Trains are only 26 m long (two linked cars) and are rubber-tired.

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. Line 2 is 32 km long with 43 stations, the first and longest automatic metro line in the world, opened May 16, 1983. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. The VAL system (véhicule automatique léger = light automated vehicle) is a driverless metro. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. It has two train stations, which stand next door to each other: the Lille-Europe station (Gare Lille-Europe) and the Lille-Flandres station (Gare Lille-Flandres). To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Lille is an important crossroads in the European TGV network: it lies on the Eurostar line to London and the Thalys network to Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam and Cologne.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. A former major textile manufacturing center, Lille forms the heart of a larger conurbation, regrouping Lille, Roubaix and Tourcoing, which is France's 4th-largest urban conglomeration with a 1999 population of over 1.1 million. The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Lille tried an unsuccessful bid for the organization of the Games of the XXVIIIth Olympiad in 2004. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. In 1994 the "Grand Palais" was also opened. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. The Euralille Center was opened in 1994, and the remodeled district is now full of parks and modern buildings containing offices, shops, and apartments.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Work on Euralille, an urban remodeling project, began in 1991. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. This, followed by the opening of the Channel Tunnel in 1994, then the arrival of the Eurostar train, puts Lille in the center of a triangle connecting Paris, London, and Brussels. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. In 1993, a high-speed TGV train line was opened, connecting Paris with Lille in one hour. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. In 1983, the VAL, the world's first automated subway, was opened.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. From the start of the 1980s, the city began to turn itself more towards the service sector. Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. Throughout the 1960s and 70s, the region was faced with some problems after the decline of the coal, mining and textile industries. The name stuck. In 1967, the Chambers of Commerce of Lille, Roubaix, and Tourcoing were joined, and in 1969, the Communauté urbaine de Lille (Lille urban community) was created, linking 87 communes with Lille. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). Rationing came to an end in 1947, and by 1948, some normalcy had returned to Lille.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. Following this, the Lille resistance managed to retake part of the city before the British tanks arrived. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. On September 3rd, the German troops began to leave Lille, fearing the British, who were on their way from Brussels. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. The départments of Nord and Pas-de-Calais (with the exception of the coast, notably Dunkerque) were, for the most part, liberated in five days, from the 1st to 5th September 1944 by British, American, Canadian, and Polish troops. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Although Lille was part of the zone under control of the German commander in Brussels, the city was never controlled by the Vichy government.

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. When Belgium was invaded, the citizens of Lille, still marked by the events of World War I, began to flee the city in large numbers. . Lille was taken by the Germans in May 1940, after brief resistance by a Morrocan Infantry division. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. In 1936, the city's mayor, Roger Salengro, became Minister of the Interior of the Popular Front, eventually killing himself after right-wing groups led a slanderous campaign against him. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. From 1931 Lille felt the repurcussions of the Great Depression, and by 1935 a third of the city's population lived in poverty.

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. In July 1921, at the Pasteur Institute in Lille, Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin discovered the first antituberculosis vaccine, known as BCG ("Bacille de Calmette et Guérin"). The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. The general was made an honorary citizen of Lille on October 28th of that year. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. Lille was liberated by the British on October 17th 1918, when General William Birdwood and his troops were welcomed by joyous crowds. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. When the Germans realized they had been tricked, they burned down an entire section of town, subsequently occupying the city.

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. Despite the deception, the German bombardments destroyed over 2,200 buildings and homes. The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. From October 4th to 13th, 1914, the troops in Lille were able to trick the enemy by convincing them that Lille possesed more artillery than was the case; in reality, the city had only a single cannon. WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. The entire region had grown wealthy thanks to the mines and to the textile industry. Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. By 1912, Lille's population was at 217,000: the city profited from the Industrial Revolution, particularly via coal and the steam engine.

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. In 1896 Lille became the first city in France to be led by a socialist, Gustave Delory. Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. Lille's population was 158,000 in 1872, growing to over 200,000 by 1891. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. In 1858, an imperial decree led to the annexation of the adjacent towns of Fives, Wazemmes, and Moulins. Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]. In 1853, Alexandre Desrousseaux composed his famous lullaby Dors mon p'tit quinquin.

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. The city was known for its cotton, and the nearby towns of Roubaix and Tourcoing worked wool. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. At the beginning of the 19th century, Napoleon I's continental blockade against the United Kingdom led to Lille's textile industry developing itself even more fully. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. In 1846, a rail line connecting Paris and Lille was built. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. The city continued to grow, and by 1800 held some 53,000 residents, leading to Lille becoming the county seat of the Nord départment in 1804.

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. The "Column of the Goddess", erected in 1842 in the "Grand-Place", is a tribute to the city's resistance, led by Mayor François André. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. In the aftermath of the French Revolution, the Austrians, then in the United Provinces, laid siege to Lille. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". In 1790, the city held their first municipal elections. Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.". Throughout the 18th century, Lille remained profoundly Catholic, which explains why the city did not really take part in the French Revolution, though there were riots and the destruction of churches.

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding). During five years, from 1708 to 1713, the city was occupied by the Dutch, during the War of the Spanish Succession. A number of important public works undertaken between 1667 and 1670, such as the Citadel (erected by Vauban), or the creation of the quartiers of Saint-André and la Madeleine, enabled the King to gain the confidence of his Flemish subjects. In 1667, King Louis XIV (the Sun-King) successfully laid siege to Lille, resulting in it becoming French in 1668 under the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, provoking discontent among the citizens of the prosperous city. At the same time (1581), at the call of England's Queen Elisabeth I , the north of the Spanish Netherlands, having gained a Protestant majority, successfully revolted and formed the United Provinces.

The Hurlus were notably held back by the legendary Jeanne Maillotte. They were removed four months later by a Catholic Wallon regiment, after which they tried several times between 1581 and 1582 to take the city of Lille, all in vain. In 1578, the Hurlus, a group of Protestant rebels, stormed the castle of the Counts of Mouscron. The first Calvinists appeared in the area in 1542; by 1555 there was anti-Protestant repression taking place.

The 16th century was marked, above all, by the outbreak of the Plague, a boom in the regional textile industry, and the Protestant revolts. The city remained under Spanish rule until the reign of Philip IV of Spain. At the end of the reign of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Spanish Flanders fell to his eldest son, and thus under the rule of Philip II of Spain, King of Spain. In 1477, at the death of the last duke of Burgundy, Charles le Téméraire, Marie de Bourgogne married a Hapsburg, Maximilian of Austria, who thus became Count of Flanders.

There the Duke and his court undertook an oath to Christianity. On February 17, 1454, one year after the taking of Constantinople by the Turks, Philippe le Bon organised a Patagruelian banquet at his Lille palace, the still-celebrated "Banquet of the Pheasant's Vow". Philippe le Bon, Duke of Burgundy, was even more powerful than the King of France, and made Lille an administrative and financial capital. By 1445, Lille counted some 25,000 residents.

Lille thus became one of the three capitals of said Duchy, along with Brussels and Dijon. The county of Flanders fell to the Duchy of Burgundy next, after the 1369 marriage of Marguerite de Male, Countess of Flanders, and Philippe II le Hardi, Duke of Burgundy. Lille fell under the rule of France from 1304 to 1369, after the battle of Mons-en-Pévèle. The rule of Flanders and Hainaut thus fell to her sister, Marguerite of Flanders, then to Marguerite's brother, Guy de Dampierre.

The Countess died in 1244 in the Abbey of Marquette, leaving no heirs. It was in her honor that the hospital of the Regional Medical University of Lille was named "Jeanne of Flanders Hospital" in the 20th century. On February 6th, 1236, she founded the Countess's Hospital, which remains one of the most beautiful buildings in Old Lille. In 1235, Jeanne granted a city charter by which city governors would be chosen each All Saint's Day by four commissioners chosen by the ruler.

Count Ferrand died in 1233, and his daughter Marie soon after. In 1226 the King agreed to free Ferrand of Portugal. He unmasked the imposter, who Countess Jeanne quickly had hanged. She called her cousin, Louis VIII ("The Lion").

He pushed the kingdoms of Flanders and Hainaut towards sedition against Jeanne in order to recover his land. In 1224, the monk Bertrand of Rains, doubtlessly encouraged by local lords, tried to pass himself off as Baldwin I of Constantinople (the father of Jeanne of Flanders), who had disappeared during battle in Andrinople. They say she was well-loved by the residents of Lille, who by that time numbered 10,000. Count Ferrand of Portugal was imprisoned and the county fell into dispute: it would be his wife, Jeanne, Countess of Flanders and Constantinople, who ruled the city.

The counts of Flanders, Boulogne, and Hainaut came together with England and the Holy Roman Empire of Germany and declared war on France and King Philippe Auguste, a war that ended with the French victory at Bouvines in 1214. In 1144 Saint Sauveur parish was formed, which would give its name to the modern-day quartier saint Sauveur. From the 12th century, the fame of the Lille cloth fair began to grow. It is in this context that the city was created.

After the destruction caused by Norman and Hungarian invasion, the eastern part of the region fell under the eyes of the area princes. From 830 until around 910, the Vikings invaded Flanders. The original inhabitants of this region were the Celts, who were followed by the Menapiens, the Morins, the Atrébates, and the Verviens, Germanic tribes. The region of Flanders thus extended to the left bank of the River Escaut, one of the most rich and properous regions of Europe.

The Count of Flanders controlled a number of old Roman cities (Boulogne, Arras, Cambrai) as well as some founded by the Carolingians (Valenciennes, Saint-Omer, Gand, Brugge, Anvers). This name was used for the Count of Flanders' castle (Château du Buc), built on dry land in the middle of the marsh. The name Lille comes from insula or l'Isla, since the area was at one time marshy. Although the first mention of the town appears in archives from the year 1066, some archeological digs seem to show the area as inhabited by as early as 2000 BCE, most notably in the modern-day quartiers of Fives, Wazemmes, and Old Lille.

The legend of "Lyderic and Phinaert" puts the foundation of the city of "L'Isle" at 640. It thus became a central part of the country's rail network. In the 19th century Lille became the centre of French industry due to the large nearby coal deposits.
.

. The whole metropolitan area of Lille, both on French and Belgian territory (Kortrijk) was estimated in 2000 at around 1,730,000 inhabitants, ranking as one of the major metropolitan areas of Europe. Their combined population at the 1999 census was 212,597 inhabitants. The city of Lille absorbed Lomme on February 27, 2000.

It lies near the border with Belgium and its Dutch name is Rijsel. It is also the préfecture (capital) of the Nord département. It is the capital of the Nord-Pas de Calais région. Lille is a city in northern France on the Deûle River.

1 Including the annexed communes of Hellemmes and Lomme
2 Only the part of the metropolitan area on French territory
3 Including the part of the metropolitan area on Belgian territory (Mouscron, Kortrijk, etc.)
. Martine Aubry (1950~), deputy, minister, and Mayor of Lille. Pierre Mauroy (1928~), deputy, senator, Prime Minister of France, and Mayor of Lille. Madeleine Damerment (1917-1944), French Resistance fighter - Legion of Honor, Croix de Guerre, Médaille combattant volontaire de la Résistance.

Augustin Laurent (1896-1990), minister, deputy, resistance fighter, and Mayor of Lille. Roger Salengro (1890-1936), minister, deputy, and Mayor of Lille. Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), general, resistance fighter, President of France. Achille Liénart (1884-1973), « cardinal des ouvriers ».

Louis Faidherbe (1818-1889), general, founder of the city of Dakar and senator. Jeanne Maillotte, (circa 1580), resistance fighter during the Hurlus attacks. Jeanne de Flandre, (1188/1200? -1244), Countess. Lydéric, (620-?) legendary founder of the city.

Gilles Béhat (1949~), actor and director. Philippe Noiret (1930~), actor. Yvonne Furneaux (1928~), actress. Alain Decaux (1925~), television presenter, minister, writer, and member of the Académie Française.

Raoul de Godewaersvelde (1928-1977), singer. Léopold Simons (1901-1979), poet, caricaturist, painter, sculptor. Robert Arnoux (1899-1964), actor. Renée Adorée (1898-1933), actress.

Julien Duvivier (1896-1967), director. Line Dariel (1886-1956), comedian. Émile Bernard (1868-1941), neoimpressionist painter and friend of Paul Gauguin. Albert Samain (1858-1900), poet.

Pierre Degeyter (1848-1932), worker and composer of the music of the Internationale. Carolus-Duran (1837-1917), painter. Antoine Renard (1825-1872), composer (Temps des cerises). Édouard Lalo (1823-1892), composer.

Alexandre Desrousseaux (1820-1892), songwriter. Jean Perrin (1870, 1942), Nobel Prize in physics and creator of the French CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research). Albert Calmette (1863 - 1933) and Camille Guérin (1872-1961), discovery of the antituberculosis vaccine. Alfred Mongy (1840-1914), modernizer of the city.

Auguste Scalbert (1815, 1899), creator of the first Nordiste bank. Antoine Scrive-Labbe (1789-1864), industrialist in the textile field and French spy. Charles Joseph Panckoucke, (1736-1788), founder of the Moniteur Universel, owner of Mercure de France, promoter of the Lumières and editor of the Encyclopédie Méthodique. almost 873,000 passengers in 2003.

around 970,000 passengers in 2001. Autoroute A22 : Lille - Anvers - Netherlands. Autoroute A25 : Lille - Dunkerque - Calais - England. Autoroute A1  : Lille - Arras - Paris / Reims - Lyon.

Autoroute A23 : Lille - Valenciennes. Autoroute A27 : Lille - Tournai - Brussels / Liège - England.

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