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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. Marseille was the birthplace of:. It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. The city's main football club is Olympique de Marseille, UEFA Champions League winner in 1993 but tainted by the 1990s match fixing scandal by then-owner Bernard Tapie. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). Marseille is served by the Aéroport de Marseille Provence, located in Marignane. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. The metro is a rubber-tiredtrain.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. The Jewish community is also the third largest in Europe. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Approximately 25 per cent of Marseille’s population is of North African origin, mostly Algerian, and Tunisian. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. Such as; Armenians, Spaniards, Italians, Greeks, Arabs, Jews, Russians and North Africans. County. The vast majority of the Marsellaise are descendants of the waves of immigrants that arrived to the port in the early 19th century.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A.
. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. The most widely circulated tarot deck comes from Marseille; it is called the Tarot de Marseille, and was used to play the local variant of tarocchi before it came to the notice of people who used it in cartomancy. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. The French national anthem "La Marseillaise" is named for the Revolutionary troops from Marseille. In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Since the last election, these 25 cantons are held by the following councilors:.

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". Marseille holds 25 of the 58 seats at the general council of the Bouches-du-Rhône. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). The cantons of Marseille :. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. The Sector Mayors :. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The last mayors of Marseille :.

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. Number of councilors elected by sector:. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. Each sector elects its councillors (303 in total), one third of which are municipal councillors. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. The municipal elections are carried out by sector. To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". The arrondissements are regrouped in pairs into sectors, and 8 sectors have a council and a town hall, like the arrondissements in Paris and in Lyon.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. Marseille is divided into 16 municipal arrondissements, which are themselves divided into quartiers (111 in total). The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Marseilles' harbor is the biggest of the country, and one of the most important of the Mediterranean Sea. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. He was assassinated there by Vlada Georgieff who hated Alexander's refusal to recognise Croatia as a separate state. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. In 1934 Alexander I of Yugoslavia arrived at the port to meet with the French foreign minister Louis Barthou.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. During the Roman times, it was called Massilia. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was overrun by Celts and then conquered by the Romans. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. by Greeks from Phocaea as a trading port under the name Μασσαλία (Massalia; see also List of traditional Greek place names). In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. Marseille was founded in 600 B.C.E.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. . Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région, as well as the préfecture (capital) of the Bouches-du-Rhône département. The name stuck. Located in the former province of Provence and on the Mediterranean Sea, it is France's largest commercial port and the largest in the Mediterranean. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). Marseille (English alternative spelling Marseilles) (pronounced /maʀsɛj/ in standard French, /mɑxˈsɛjɐ/ in local Marseilles accent) (Provençal: Marsiho or Marsilha, both pronounced /maɾˈsijɐ/) is the second largest city in France and the third metropolitan area, with 1,516,340 inhabitants at the 1999 census.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members.
. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. Un, deux, trois, soleil (1993). Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. Trois places pour le 26 (1988). Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Taxi 3 (2003).

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Taxi 2 (2000). . Taxi (1998). They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. Roselyne et les lions (1989). The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. Pépé le Moko (1937).

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. Marius et Jeannette (1997). The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. Marius (1931). What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. La Lune dans le caniveau (1983). The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. Gomez & Tavarès (2003).

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The French Connection (1971) and its sequel (1975). The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. Comme un aimant (2000). WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. Bye-Bye (1995). Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Baise-moi (2000).

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. 37°2 le matin (1986). Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. King Alexander I of Yugoslavia was assassinated on October 9, 1934 in Marseille along with French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. French poet Arthur Rimbaud died in Marseille on November 10, 1891. Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Zinedine Zidane (born 1972), soccer player.

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Jean-Claude Izzo (1945-2000), author. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. Jean Pierre Rampal (1922-2000), flutist. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. Louis Jourdan (born 1919), actor. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. Eliane Browne-Bartroli (1917-1944), French Resistance, Croix de Guerre.

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. Fernandel (1903-1971), actor. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. Vincent Scotto (1876-1952), guitarist, songwriter. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". Edmond Rostand (1868-1918), poet and dramatist. Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.". "Le Pétomane" (1857-1945), entertainer.

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding). Joseph Pujol, aka. Olivier Émile Ollivier (1825-1913), statesman. Joseph Autran (1813-1877), poet. Honoré Daumier (1808-1879), caricaturist and painter.

Etienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pages (1801-1841), politician. Adolphe Thiers (1797-1877), first president of the Third Republic. Désirée Clary (1777-1860), wife of King Carl XIV Johann of Sweden, and therefore Queen Desirée or Queen Desideria of Sweden. "Dugazon" (1746-1809), actor.

Jean-Henry Gourgaud, aka. Maurice Béjart (born 1927), ballet choreographer. Antonin Artaud (1897-1948), author. The calanques.

Unité d'Habitation de Marseille, by the Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Château d'If, an ancient prison island, where The Count of Monte Cristo was jailed, in Alexandre Dumas' novel. Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde. The old harbor.

Watcha Clan. Massilia Sound System. The French rap band IAM is from Marseille. General Councilor: Henri Jibrayel PS.

35,752). Marseille-Verduron (pop. 29,668); General Councilor: André Malrait UMP. Marseille-Vauban (pop.

25,324); General Councilor: Christophe Masse PS (Representative). Marseille-Les,Trois,Lucs (pop. 40,392); General Councilor: Jeanine Porte PCF. Marseille-Saint-Mauront (pop.

29,981); General Councilor: Jean Bonat PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-Saint-Marcel (pop. 26,218); General Councilor: Robert Assante UMP (Adjoint au Maire de Marseille). Marseille-Saint-Lambert (pop.

32,749); General Councilor: Michel Pezet PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-Saint-Just (pop. 34,621); General Councilor: Martine Vassal UMP (Adjointe au Maire de Marseille). Marseille-Saint-Giniez (pop.

36,868); General Councilor: Didier Garnier UMP. Marseille-Sainte-Marguerite (pop. 37,629); General Councilor: Denis Rossi PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-Saint-Barthélemy (pop.

33,206); General Councilor: Félix Weygand PS. Marseille-La,Rose (pop. 38,701); General Councilor: René Olmeta PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-La,Pomme (pop.

31,116); General Councilor: Richard Miron UMP. Marseille-La,Pointe-Rouge (pop. 27,052); General Councilor: Marius Masse PS. Marseille-Les,Olives (pop.

33,472); General Councilor: Joël Dutto PCF. Marseille-Notre-Dame-Limite (pop. 31,107); General Councilor: Jocelyn Zeitoun PS. Marseille-Notre-Dame-du-Mont (pop.

33,644); General Councilor: Maurice Rey UMP. Marseille-Montolivet (pop. 35,890); General Councilor: Didier Réault UMP. Marseille-Mazargues (pop.

29,060); General Councilor: Jean-Noël Guerini PS (Sénateur, Président du Conseil Général, Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-Les,Grands-Carmes (pop. 29,846); General Councilor: Marie-Arlette Carlotti PS (Representative européenne). Marseille-Les,Cinq-Avenues (pop.

34,292); General Councilor: Janine Ecochard PS. Marseille-La,Capelette (pop. 27,506); General Councilor: Antoine Rouzaud PS (Municipal councilor of Marseille). Marseille-Le,Camas (pop.

30,168); General Councilor Maurice Di Nocera UDF. Marseille-La,Blancarde (pop. 27,992); General Councilor: Fortuné Sportiello PS. Marseille-Belsunce (pop.

25,878); General Councilor: Lisette Narducci PS (Mayor of the 2ème sector de Marseille). Marseille-La,Belle-de-Mai (pop. 8th sector (15th and 16th arrondissements): Frédéric Dutoit (representative) PCF. 7th sector (13th and 14th arrondissements): Garo Hovsepian PS.

6th sector (11th and 12th arrondissements): Roland Blum (representative) UMP. 5th sector (9th and 10th arrondissements): Guy Teissier (representative) UMP. 4th sector (6th and 8th arrondissements): Dominique Tian (representative) UMP. 3rd sector (4th and 5th arrondissements): Bruno Gilles (representative) UMP.

2nd sector (2nd and 3re arrondissements): Lisette Narducci (General Councilor) PS. 1st sector (1st and 7th arrondissements): Jean Roatta (Representative) UMP. 1995- : Jean-Claude Gaudin UMP (relected in 2001). 1986-1995 : Robert Vigouroux PS (reelected in 1989).

1953-1986 : Gaston Defferre (already mayor between 1944 and 1946, relected in 1959, 1965, 1971, 1977, 1983).

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