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Crips

The blue bandannas worn by most Crip gangs. The purple bandanas worn by grape street Crip gangs. The black bandanas worn by shotgun Crip and other Crip gangs.

The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs.

History of the Crips

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years.

The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). The name stuck.

Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods.

Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A.

Expansion

In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets.

The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries.

To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas.

Gang identification

For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs."

In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos.

Origin of the name "Crips"

There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:

  • The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).
  • Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short."
  • Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts."
  • Some alleged backronyms for the name include:

Crips, hip-hop, and C-walk

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. County. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof).

It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only.

Entertainers with Crip affiliations

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  • Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]
  • Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]
  • MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]
  • Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]
  • Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]
  • Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]
  • WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]

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On WC's song "The Streets" from his Ghetto Heisman album, he and Snoop Dogg rap about the C-walk's popularity in the mainstream, warning suburban teenagers and other non-gang members that it is a dance for Crips only. Throughout the 19th and early 20th century, the Bank opened branches throughout Oceania, at Moreton Bay (Brisbane) in 1850, then in Victoria (1851), New Zealand (1861), South Australia (1877), Western Australia (1883), Fiji (1901), Papua New Guinea (1910) and Tasmania (1910). It is said that the popular hip-hop dance, the C-walk (Crip-walk), is meant to spell out one's set as an insult to rival gangs. In 1817, the Bank of New South Wales was founded in Sydney as the first bank in Australia. Ice Cube has at times claimed to be a member of the Rollin' 100s Nhood Crips, even though he has no proven ties to this gang (aside from the fact that he is from the same area), and Atlanta rapper Young Jeezy has also claimed to be a Crip in some songs (also without any proof). This unit offers a wide range of deposit, loan, transaction account and international trade facilities to personal and business customers. However, there are also many rappers who are not members of Crips sets, yet take on traits of the Crip image and behavior because they hope to self-promote and sell records by doing so. It is the dominant provider of banking services to small to medium business and is the banker of the New Zealand government.

Recently signed G-Unit rapper Spider Loc is a member of the 97th Street East Coast Crips. This unit offers a whole range of consumer and corporate services to clients throughout New Zealand. The late N.W.A member Eazy-E reportedly had ties to the Kelly Park Compton Crips. This business offers financial services to the corporate and institutional customer base, helping and advising in the management of cash, funding, capital and market risk for enterprises and institutions in Australia and New Zealand. Snoop Dogg is a former member of the Rollin' 20 Crips in Long Beach (as are Warren G, Nate Dogg, and Goldie Loc), while WC has an affiliation with the 111 Neighborhood Crips in South Central Los Angeles. There is also custody and settlement services to institutional customers and fund managers. County. It also includes managed investments, life insurance, superannuation and discount broking.

Many popular rappers, in particular West Coast rappers, have close ties to Crips gangs in L.A. Wealth Management designs, manufactures and services financial products to allow customers to create, manage and protect their wealth. There have been many different explanations for the origin of the name of the gang:. This covers the asset accumulation, investment management and life insurance operations in Australia and New Zealand. Methods such as the use of college sport team jerseys and hats are sometimes used, but in general, what set a certain gang member claims can be determined solely by their tattoos. Investment, superannuation and general and life insurance products are also sold through the branch network. In more recent years, however, the Crips have begun to cease the use of colors as a means of identification, since it is likely to draw attention from police. Westpac is a major home loan provider and also serve the finance needs of business customers with a turnover of up to $20 million.

They usually refer derisively to their rival, the Bloods, as "slobs.". This includes deposit taking, transaction accounts, credit cards and other lending. Crips also wear blue bandanas and British Knights sport shoes (using the company moniker BK, which the Crips use as a backronym meaning "Blood Killas"). These five business areas are:. The SGCs are seperated into three sub-sets, the nine;139th street, the Foe;134th street, and the deuce;132nd street in the city of Gardena, California and have been known to wear dark-green, the city color of Gardena, in addition to blue to show that the Shotgun Crips are from Gardena. Westpac's core businesses consist of five main areas of business, through which serves around 8.2 million customers. A particular set of Crips, the Grape Street Crips, have been known to wear purple in addition to blue. .

One suggested origin of the selected color is traced to the school colors of Washington High School in South L.A. The name is derived from the fact its major operations are in the Western Pacific. For many years, Crips were characterized by their tendency to wear blue in order to easily identify each other. The bank began life as the Bank of New South Wales in 1817 (making it the oldest bank in Australia), but after various mergers became Westpac in 1982. Though violence levels have been reduced somewhat after the conclusion of this peace treaty, gangland killings and warfare persist in heavily gang-controlled areas. Westpac Banking Corporation, usually called Westpac, is the fourth largest bank in Australasia, after the National Australia Bank, Commonwealth Bank and ANZ Bank and one of the largest banks in the South Pacific. To stem violence between the Crips and Bloods, a peace treaty was recently negotiated, most notably in Watts, the treaty being largely based upon the ideals laid forth by original Crip co-founder Stanley Tookie Williams in his "Tookie Protocol For Peace". Westpac sold its operation in Niue to Bank of South Pacific.

Throughout the 1980s and 1990s the Crips developed intricate networks and a respected reputation with other gangs across America and neighboring countries. 2004: Westpac begins phasing out the Bank of Melbourne brand in Victoria, the Challenge Bank brand in Western Australia and the WestpacTrust brand in New Zealand. The Crips made enormous profits from selling crack and gathered the capital to advance themselves in the illicit markets. In Tonga, Bank of Hawaii sold its shares in Bank of Tonga to Westpac, giving Westpac 60% ownership of the bank. Now cheap, the Crips could market the highly addictive recreational substance to lower income brackets. Westpac now owns 93.5% of Westpac Bank Samoa and Samoan companies and individuals own 6.5%. Previously the only available form was an expensive powder; leading to the traditional use of cocaine as a status symbol for the wealthy hedonist. Westpac offered Samoan investors, who held the remaining shares, the same price it had paid Bank of Hawaii.

It was invented by deriving a cheaper process to extract the stimulant from the coca plant. Bank of Hawaii sold its interest in Pacific Commercial Bank (42.7%) to Westpac, which held an equal portion. In the 1980s, Crips moved into crack sales, a cheaper form of the drug cocaine. 2001: The government of Kiribati sought to reduce Westpac's share in Bank of Kiribati from 51 to 49%, leading Westpac to sell its shares back to the government. Contrary to popular misconception, Crip sets do not feud solely with Bloods, but also other Crip sets — for example, the Rollin' 60s and 83rd Street Gangster Crips ("Eight-Trey") have been rivals since 1979, and their rivalry is currently the largest in L.A. 1973), respectively. In response, some of the besieged smaller gangs formed an alliance that later became the Bloods. 1971) and Banque de Polynésie (est.

The Crips became popular throughout southern Los Angeles as more and more youth gangs joined it; at one point they outnumbered non-Crip gangs by 3 to 1. 1998: Westpac sold its operations in New Caledonia and Tahiti to Société Générale, which merged them with Société Générale Calédonienne de Banque (est. Stanley "Tookie" Williams co-founded the gang in 1971, and started his own gang called the Westside Crips. 1997: Westpac acquired the Bank of Melbourne, and subsequently re-branded all Victorian branches as Bank of Melbourne. The name stuck. 1996: Westpac acquired the Trust Bank of New Zealand. The name Crips was first introduced in the Los Angeles Sentinel newspaper in a description by crime victims of young men with canes, as if they were crippled (though there is some discussion that it may have initially been a simple spelling mistake). Westpac also acquired Western Australia's Challenge Bank, and later adopted the name "Challenge Bank" for all its branches in Western Australia.

This evolved to Avenue Cribs and then Cribs as nicknames for the age of the members. 1995: Westpac sold its shares in National Bank of Tuvalu to the government, which now wholly-owns that bank. The original name of the gang founded by Raymond Washington in 1969 at the age of 15 was the Baby Avenues, derived from a gang of older boys in the 1960s, named the Avenue Boys with their turf on Central Avenue in East Los Angeles. 1992: Westpac recorded a 1.6 billion dollar loss, which at the time, was the largest loss for an Australian corporation. Law enforcement officials dispute this, pointing to the incredible amount of violent crimes the gang members participated in, even in the early years. In both places Indochine functioned as the bank of issue until 1966-7.). Williams argued that this was after the two became fed up with random violence in their neighborhood. (Banque de l'Indochine, which later merged into Banque Indosuez, had established itself in New Caledonia in 1888 and in Papeete, Tahiti in 1905.

The Crips were founded by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Westpac bought Banque Indosuez's operations in New Caledonia and Tahiti. . 1990: Bank of New Zealand sold half its shares in Bank of Tonga to Westpac and half to Bank of Hawaii, giving each of them 30%. They are also known to feud with Chicano gangs. Westpac also acquired HSBC's operations in Fiji and the New Hebrides. The gang has an intense rivalry with the Bloods. 1988: Westpac acquired the European Pacific Banking Corporation in the Cook Islands and a HSBC subsidiary, the Solomon Islands Banking Corporation, which HSBC had established as a branch in 1973.

New York) where "satellite" Crip gangs are present. 1987: Westpac established a branch in Niue that is the only bank in that country. The gang is largely composed of African Americans, but is multiracial in many cities (i.e. 1981) in Tuvalu (ex-Ellice Islands), taking 40% of the shares as well as a 10-year management contract. What was once a single gang is now a loose network of "franchises" around the United States and Canada. 1985: Westpac replaced Barclays Bank in the National Bank of Tuvalu (est. The Crips are mostly identified by the blue color worn by their members. Bank of Kiribati also fulfilled the functions of a reserve or central bank.

They are involved in murders, robberies and drug dealing in the Los Angeles area. 1984: The original agreement between BNSW and the government in the Gilbert and Ellice Islands expired and Westpac and the government of Kiribati formed Bank of Kiribati Ltd as a 51%-49% joint venture. The Crips, originating in Los Angeles, California, are one of the oldest and most notorious African American gangs in the United States. 1982: BNSW merged with Commercial Bank of Australia to form Westpac Banking Corporation ("Westpac" being a conjugation of "West Pacific"). WC (111 Neighborhood Crips) [citation needed]. 1969), in which Bank of Hawaii had had an ownership interest since 1971. Warren G (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. 1977: BNSW formed Pacific Commercial Bank Ltd, in Samoa in a joint venture with Bank of Hawaii, by buying into Pacific Savings and Loan Company (est.

Tray Deee (Insane Crips) [citation needed]. 1975: It incorporated its local business in Papua New Guinea as Bank of New South Wales (PNG) Ltd. Spider Loc (97th Street East Coast Crips) [citation needed]. 1974: The Bank of New Zealand (20%), Westpac (20%), Bank of Hawaii (20%), and the Government of Tonga (40%) established The Bank of Tonga as a joint venture. Snoop Dogg (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. 1971: It established a branch in the New Hebrides(now Vanuatu). Nate Dogg (Rollin 20 Crips) [citation needed]. 1970: It established a branch on Tarawa in Kiribati (ex-Gilbert Islands), which also took over the government savings bank.

MC Eiht (Tragniew Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. It resumed operations in 1946. Jayo Felony (NHC 47 Blocc Crips) [citation needed]. 1942: BNSW suspended operations in Papua New Guinea as the Japanese Army captured many of the towns in which it had branches and agencies, and bombed Port Moresby. Eazy-E (Kelly Park Compton Crips) [citation needed]. 1931: It acquired the Australian Bank of Commerce, which had branches in both New South Wales and Queensland. Daz Dillinger (Rollin' 20 Crips) [citation needed]. 1927: BNSW acquired the Western Australian Bank.

Brotha Lynch Hung (Garden Blocc 24th Street Crips) [citation needed]. Some alleged backronyms for the name include:. Mis-pronounciation of "The Crypts.". Crip or crib originates from the carrying of a cane or stick — Los Angeles Times 14 April 1992: "Word spread about the tough-looking young men, who some said carried canes and walked with a limp — cripples, or crips, they were called for short.".

The most well-known theories tie the current name with "crib" or "crib street" (alluding to an actual street or the young age of the members at the time of the gang's founding).

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