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Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson. The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo.
The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt.
In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find.
On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit.
The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour).
White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour.
While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart.
In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV.
White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits.
In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up.
As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. It must be noted that the song "Radar Love" was included in this album, a cover considered by many, one of the best ever made.
In 1993, bassist James Lomenzo joined former Ozzy Osbourne guitarist Zakk Wylde in a band called Pride and Glory, while vocalist Mike Tramp started a solo career.
Towards the end of 2003, Mike Tramp said that White Lion was planning to reunite. This statement was quickly denied by the other members.
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This statement was quickly denied by the
As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. There are five types:. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up. Ponytail - This denotes the age and type of Barbie a particular doll is. This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. OSS - Dolls with original swimsuit. In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. Modern Barbie - Dolls produced after 1972.
The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits. They come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity included]. White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. Designed for collectors and display. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV. Featuring special fabrics and details. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. Limited to specific retailers.
In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Limited Edition - Dolls produced in limited quantities worldwide. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart. Usually they come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity]. While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. Customized - Dolls created exclusively for a specific store. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour. Usually they come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity].
White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. Designed for collectors and display. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour). Collector Edition - Dolls produced in limited quantities. The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. Though not feature length, they are fairly abundant in plot, for the younger audience, of course. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit. In recent years, she has taken the computer animated movie industry by storm, guest appearing in Toy Story 2, and later her own direct-to-video movies, Barbie's Nutcracker, The Princess and the Pauper and Rapunzel Barbie, all of which were accompanied by small product lines, including dolls of Barbie in the costumes portrayed in the shorts.
On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. By the late-1990s, Mattel had moved to featuring her in interactive 3D video games for both gaming consoles and personal computers. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find. The mid-1990s saw a line of early novels, featuring her adventurous exploits. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. Forty-five-percent of them spend upwards of $1000 a year. In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. Ninety-percent are women, at an average age of 40, purchasing more than 20 Barbie dolls each year.
A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt. Mattel estimates that there are well over 100,000 avid Barbie collectors. The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. A commercial by automobile company Nissan featuring dolls similar to Barbie and Ken driving in a toy car was the subject of another lawsuit on September 18, 1997  (http://www.eonline.com/News/Court/0997.barbie.html). Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo. However, it was dismissed by the court as parody on May 15, 1998. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. It contained lyrics such as "You can brush my hair/Undress me everywhere" and used a graphics similar to the pink Barbie logo. Mattel used this as grounds for a trademark infringement and defamation lawsuit filed on September 11, 1997.
While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. The European pop-dance group Aqua released a song called "Barbie Girl" in 1997. The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. Many artists have referred to Barbie and her accompanying products, either as homage or as parody. Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson.  (http://www.adiosbarbie.com/bology/bology_timeline.html). After moving from Denmark, Mike met guitarist Vito Bratta, forming a band. She also ran for President after breaking up with Ken.
The band was formed in New York
City in 1984 by Denmark-born vocalist
Mike Tramp. These include astronaut, gymnast, rapper and soldier.
This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Peruvian, Kenyan, Japanese and Australian Barbies. The European countries are highly over-represented but there are also i.e. The dolls are dressed in more or less traditional clothes, each representing a nation. Mattel also released an "International collection" in 1980, with Barbies from different parts of the world.
Most commonly the Hispanic Teresa and African-American Christie appear as Barbie's "ethno-friend" alongside Skipper and occasionally red-head Midge, who's been around since the sixties. Barbies of different nationalities have also been created, including African, Hispanic, Asian and Native American Barbies. One of the most publicized responses happened around the turn of the century, as Barbie's waist widened to more natural proportions. This resulted in the new modified Barbie saying, "Eat lead, Cobra!" and "Dead men tell no lies."  (http://www.etext.org/Zines/UnitCircle/uc3/page10.html).
A group of parents, feminists and other activists known as the Barbie Liberation Organization bought hundreds of Barbies and GI Joe dolls, and switched their voice circuitry. One of these 270 phrases was "Math class is tough!" Although only about 1.5% of all the dolls sold said the phrase, it caused a large public outcry over Barbie's representation of women, and the infamous phrase quickly became a common pop culture reference. It spoke a number of phrases such as, "Will we ever have enough clothes?" "I love shopping!" and, "Wanna have a pizza party?" Each doll was programmed to say four out of 270 possible phrases, so chances were good that no two dolls owned by a girl or her friends would be the same. This culminated in 1993 when Mattel released "Teen Talk Barbie", a talking version of the doll.
Her accessories reflect a lifestyle that is unobtainable for most of the girls who play with her. The enormous range of available accessories relating clothes, hair, make-up, parties and looking pretty give rise to the accusation that Barbie encourages young girls to focus on shallow trivia.  (http://site.www.umb.edu/forum/1/AMSTJess/member/Forums/481613252.html) The chances of meeting someone with Barbie's measurements is 1 in 100,000. If scaled into real life proportions, she would be 5 feet, 9 inches, (1.75 m) measuring 36-18-33. According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the requisite 17 to 22 percent of body fat required to menstruate.
Barbie's height and exaggerated hourglass figure drew criticism from parents and anorexia groups. See bimbo. "Barbie" is sometimes used as a derogatory slang term for a person, particularly a girl or woman, who is stupid. The Middle Eastern country of Saudi Arabia outlawed Barbie dolls on September 10, 2003.
The criticisms leveled at her are often based around the idea of children considering Barbie a role model and attempting to emulate her. Her popularity ensures that her effect on the play of Western children attracts a high degree of scrutiny. Barbie is often looked upon as an icon of Western childhood. She has also been portrayed as a tourist at Walt Disney World and a customer at McDonalds.
Included in the list of accomplished creators and labels are Calvin Klein, Donna Karan, Bob Mackie, Nicole Miller, Christian Dior, Escada, Anne Klein, Ralph Lauren, Donatella Versace and Bill Blass. Many designers have been honored with the opportunity to design clothing for Barbie. Career woman Barbie has taken up many occupations over the years, they include:. Barbie has been used in an effort to promote gender equality, showing that women can work at anything.
According to a Mattel press release:. On August 12, 2004, Barbie announced she was running for the presidential office, as a member of the Party of Girls. A Mattel press release ended saying "Although their future is yet to be set in "cement," one thing is for certain - Barbie and Ken will always remain the best of friends.". And now they feel it's time to spend some quality time – apart.".
"In fact, they just finished wrapping their fourth movie together, 'Barbie™ as The Princess and the Pauper,' which debuts this fall. "Barbie and Ken have always been an extraordinary couple with so much on- and off-screen chemistry," said the pair's business manager, Russell Arons, Vice President Marketing, Mattel. On February 12, 2004, just days before Valentine's, Mattel spokespeople announced the split of Barbie and Ken after 43 years of dating, saying in their press release that they "have decided to spend some time apart.". She also has a pilot's license, and operates commercial airliners, when not serving as a stewardess.
Barbie has used her driver's license to the fullest, with pink convertibles, trailers and more. Barbie has thirty-eight recorded pets, including cats and dogs, horses, a panda, a lion cub, and a zebra. Barbie has been said to attend Willows High School in Willows, Wisconsin and Manhattan International High School in New York City (based on the real-life Stuyvesant High School). Other longstanding friends in Barbie's ethnically diverse social circle include Hispanic Teresa, African-American Christie and Steven (Christie's boyfriend), and the ethnically-ambiguous Kayla.
Barbie has dated Ken since 1961, and after a long estrangement was reunited with her best friend Midge in the early nineties. Additions to the family tree include Skipper (debut 1964), twins Tutti and Todd (1966), Stacie (1992), Kelly (1995), and baby Krissy (1999). She has been given the fuller name Barbara Millicent Roberts, and a family and friends have been manufactured for her, starting with her permanent beau Ken. Barbie's fictional biography has developed as her sales continued.
Redesigned by Jack Ryan and manufactured by Mattel, this one doll is a $1.9 billion dollar a year industry, with two Barbies being bought every second. In response to criticism, Mattel adjusted the chest measurement down, and the waist measurement up, though the proportions are still uncharacteristic of most women. These measurements were not based on actual human metrics, and the unrealistic size of Barbie has been controversial, with many suggesting that playing with Barbie decreases rather than enhances a girl's self-esteem. If the doll originally marketed were human-sized, her measurements would have been 39 by 18 by 33 in.
Ruth Handler had stated that she thought it "was important to a girl's esteem that she play with a doll with breasts," and Barbie was certainly qualified to be that doll. In the succeeding years, Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson based Barbie doll fashion designs on the Paris fashions. The first Barbie doll had a black-and-white striped swimsuit and signature ponytail. Ruth Handler and Elliott Handler, the co-founders of Mattel, bought the rights to market Lilli: with a hair color change from blonde to brunette, and a name change to Barbie (after Ruth's daughter Barbara) she was sold in the United States starting in 1959 at New York's annual Toy Fair.
Ruth Handler says that when she bought Lilli for her daughter, she was ignorant of its adult nature. Lord, in her Forever Barbie: The Unauthorized Biography of a Real Doll, characterized the original doll as a "gag gift for men, a pornographic character."  (http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/1997/11/26harlot.html). G. M.
The doll was marketed to adult men in bars and tobacco shops, not to children. The dolls were manufactured in Hamburg, where legal, licensed prostitutes are ubiquitous. The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany in 1955. In fact, the Lilli doll was based on the character of a prostitute in a comic strip drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for die Bild Zeitung.
During a trip to Europe with her daughter, Handler noticed a German doll named Lilli and bought it for Barbara. Ruth Handler had noted that her daughter Barbara preferred playing with paper dolls that looked like adults rather than like children. The best-selling Barbie was one released in 1992, Totally Hair Barbie, with stylable hair so long it reached from her head down to her toes. Barbie is the world's best-selling doll and was first sold on March 9, 1959.
Paperback ISBN 0761958886. Rogers, Mary F., "Barbie Culture". Paperback ISBN 0802776949. Lord, M.G., Forever Barbie: The Unauthorized Biography of a Real Doll.
In The Simpsons, there is a parody of Barbie, called Malibu Stacy. When this gene is absent, the flies form without external genitalia. There is a gene in the Drosophila fruit-fly called the "ken and barbie" gene (abbreviated ken). In Sweden, more Barbie dolls have been sold than the country's current population.
See full list of Barbie's careers. Firefighter
Model - Barbie was originally marketed as a "teen-age fashion model". Fashion designer. Astronaut - An astronaut suit was sold for Barbie around the same time the first real female, Valentina Tereshkova, entered space. Doctor, dentist, nurse, and veterinarian.
Paleontologist. Olympic athlete (including gymnastics and figure skating). List of Barbie's friends and family.