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White Lion

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White Lion was a hard rock/heavy metal music band of the 1980s and early 1990s. The band was formed in New York City in 1984 by Denmark-born vocalist Mike Tramp. After moving from Denmark, Mike met guitarist Vito Bratta, forming a band.

Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson. The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo.

The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt.

In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find.

On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit.

The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour).

White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour.

While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart.

In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV.

White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits.

In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up.

As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. It must be noted that the song "Radar Love" was included in this album, a cover considered by many, one of the best ever made.

In 1993, bassist James Lomenzo joined former Ozzy Osbourne guitarist Zakk Wylde in a band called Pride and Glory, while vocalist Mike Tramp started a solo career.

Towards the end of 2003, Mike Tramp said that White Lion was planning to reunite. This statement was quickly denied by the other members.


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This statement was quickly denied by the other members. Information credited to hansdevice.com and auto.howstuffworks.com. Towards the end of 2003, Mike Tramp said that White Lion was planning to reunite. Tire changers must also wear safety glasses to prevent eye injures from lug nuts thrown off the car. In 1993, bassist James Lomenzo joined former Ozzy Osbourne guitarist Zakk Wylde in a band called Pride and Glory, while vocalist Mike Tramp started a solo career. In addition to the helmets, all members are required to wear full fire suits and gloves while the refueller must wear a fire apron as well as the suit. It must be noted that the song "Radar Love" was included in this album, a cover considered by many, one of the best ever made. Over the wall pit members are now required to wear helmets after a string of members were hit and in the open wheel series many members were ran over.

As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. The tachometer then "guides" the speed of the car down pit road. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up. As none of the cars are equipped with speedometers, the cars in prerace warm up laps are driven around the track at the pit road speed following the pace car so the drivers can mark on the tachometer the telemetry (term referring to the Revolutions Per Minute it takes to travel at the "speed limit") for the day. This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. NASCAR has placed a new electronic scoring system in use as of 2005 to monitor the speeds of cars on pit road by measuring the time it takes to get from checkpoint to checkpoint. In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. At each track there are different speeds the cars are required to travel at (the speed depends on the size of the track and the size of pit road).

The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits. Pit road safety has become the latest focus of NASCAR officials in recent years. White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. Compression barriers - this idea is to place cushioning materials, such as tires, against the concrete wall, and then cover those cushions with a smooth surface that would give when impacted, and then pop back out to its previous shape once the impact is over. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV. Holes are drilled in the concrete wall and cables are used to tie the segments to it. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. Impact Protection System (IPS) - This inner piece of the wall is then wrapped in a rubber casing.

In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Designers of PEDS believe the system increases the wall's ability to withstand crashes of heavy race cars. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart. There are four types of softer walls and barriers: Cellofoam - This is an encapsulated polystyrene barrier -- a block of plastic foam encased in polyethylene. Polyethylene Energy Dissipation System (PEDS) - which uses small polyethylene cylinders inserted inside larger ones. While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. Soft walls are typically built of some kind of crushable material that can absorb the impact of a car at high speeds. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour. Over the last couple years, NASCAR has installed safer walls and barriers along the track.

White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. The roof flaps keep the cars on the ground as they spin. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour). When a car is turned around, and is going fast enough, the flaps come up and it disrupts the airflow over the roof, eliminating all of the lift. The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. To prevent this, NASCAR officials developed a set of flaps that are recessed into pockets on the roof of the car. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit. If the speed of the car is high enough, it will generate enough lift to pick up the car.

On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. In 1994, NASCAR introduced roof flaps to the car, which designed to keep cars from getting airborne and rolling down track. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find. Two flexible tethers on the collar are attached to the helmet to prevent the head from snapping forward or to the side during a wreck. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. It is a semi-hard collar made of carbon fiber and Kevlar, and it is held onto the upper body by a harness worn by the driver. In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. The HANS device is designed to reduce the chance of injury caused by unrestrained movement of the head during crashes.

A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt. Since a string of accidents in 2000 and 2001 that killed Adam Petty, Kenny Irwin and Dale Earnhardt under similar circumstances, NASCAR has made it mandatory for the drivers to wear the HANS Device (Head And Neck Support) as the only device for use as of 2005. The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. The seat belts used are the five-point harness, which is two straps coming down over the driver's shoulders, two straps wrap around the waist and one comes up between the legs. Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo. They are built to be stronger than a normal seat belt. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. The seat belt in a stock car is very important.

While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. However, even though the seats are safer for the driver, some don’t like them due to the fact that it takes away some of the feel for the track. The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. Some of the newer seats wrap around the driver's shoulders as well, which provides better support because the shoulders are more durable than the rib cage. Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson. Most of the seats found in the race cars wrap around the driver's rib cage which provides some support during a crash, spreading the load out over the entire rib cage instead of letting it concentrate in a smaller area. After moving from Denmark, Mike met guitarist Vito Bratta, forming a band. The seats that the drivers sit in have evolved over the past few years.

The band was formed in New York City in 1984 by Denmark-born vocalist Mike Tramp. Using new technology, they have tried to make racing as safe, and still as thrilling as ever to protect the drivers, fans, and keep racing exciting.
White Lion was a hard rock/heavy metal music band of the 1980s and early 1990s. Safety in racing has come a long way since the first green flag dropped. For help, see How to Edit a Page and the Style and How-to Directory. The winners of the Dodge Weekly Series National Championship, the four AutoZone Elite Divisions, the two Whelen Modified and Grand National Divisions, and the three national series are invited to New York City in December to participate in Champions Week ceremonies which conclude with the annual awards banquet at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. After the article has been cleaned up, you may remove this message. In 2002, 9,000 drivers had licenses from NASCAR to race at all levels.

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality. Many drivers move up through the series before reaching the Nextel Cup series. The top 15 (Grand National) or 10 (AutoZone Elite) in each series will race in a one-race playoff at Irwindale Speedway in California to determine the annual AutoZone Elite and Grand National champions. In 2003, NASCAR standardised rules for its AutoZone Elite and Grand National divisions regional touring series as to permit cars in one series to race against cars in another series in the same division. Grand National cars are similar to Busch Series cars, although they are less powerful.

NASCAR sanctions three regional racing divisions, the Whelen Modified Tour, which races open wheel "modified" cars in Northern and Southern divisions, the AutoZone Elite Division, which races late-model cars which are lighter than Nextel Cup cars, and less powerful cars, split into four divisions, Northwest, Southwest, Southeast, and Midwest, and the Grand National Division, which races in the Busch North and the West Series. Many local racetracks across the United States and Canada run under the Dodge Weekly Series banner, where local drivers are compared against each other in a formula where the best local track champion of the nation, as based on a formula, wins the Dodge Weekly Series National Championship. In addition to the Nextel Cup, Busch Series and Craftsman Truck Series, NASCAR operates several other racing circuits. Which you can interact with your teammates.Instead of being by yourself.

In 2006 they came out with Total team contral. When the circut changed its name to Nextel Cup, the name of the game changed to NASCAR: Chase for the Cup. While the circuit was still called the Winston Cup, the game was called NASCAR Thunder. Every year, NASCAR and EA Sports team up to create a video game based on the Nextel Cup Series.

In the United Kingdom, television coverage is available on NASN (North American Sports Network), a subscription channel on satellite. MRN Radio broadcasts are also available (for a fee) via the web at NASCAR.com [4] (http://www.NASCAR.com). Performance Racing Network, a subsidiary of Bruton Smith's Speedway Motorsports, airs ten Cup races and nine Busch races, and the Indianapolis Motor Speedway's network carries the Brickyard 400. can be found here:[3] (http://www.racingone.com/mrn/stationaffiliates.asp).

A list of MRN Radio broadcast affiliates in the U.S. MRN Radio (Motor Racing Network), a subsidiary of NASCAR, holds the over-the-air broadcast radio rights of 25 Nextel Cup races, all truck races and 26 Busch Series races, as well as the Budweiser Shootout and Nextel All-Star Challenge. On February 23, 2005, NASCAR awarded the satellite radio contract to XM Radio's primary competitor Sirius Satellite Radio for exclusive satellite radio rights to the 2007 through 2011 racing seasons in exchange for $107 million dollars.[2] (http://money.cnn.com/2005/02/23/technology/sirius_nascar/). XM Radio currently holds the exclusive satellite radio broadcast rights for all NASCAR coverage through the end of the 2006 season.

Audio coverage of all Nextel Cup, Busch Series and the Craftsman Truck Series races is available in the United States on both satellite radio and regular over-the-air broadcast radio on both the AM and FM bands. Fox-owned Speed Channel carries the entire Craftsman Truck Series schedule. The current television contract was signed for eight years for FOX/FX and six years for NBC/TNT and is valued at $2.4 billion (US) [1] (http://www.forbes.com/2003/10/07/cx_pp_1007nascar.html). The networks alternate coverage of the first and most famous race of the season, the Daytona 500, with Fox getting the odd years and NBC the even ones.

In the United States, television broadcast rights are split between FOX/FX and NBC/TNT, with FOX/FX airing the first half of the season and NBC/TNT airing the second half. See the picture here. (http://www.nascar.com/2003/news/headlines/wc/03/16/carolina_400/finish.jpg). Craven came in ahead by .002 seconds after the drivers raced the last stretch with their cars touching each other. The closest finish in NASCAR history was at Darlington Raceway between Ricky Craven and Kurt Busch on March 16, 2003.

NASCAR racing has its share of great finishes. While one that has a tendency to slide the rear end out is said to be "loose", causing the back end of the car to slide around usually resulting in a car spinning out. These characteristics are also affected by tire stagger (tires of different circumference at different positions on the car, the right rear being largest to help effect left turns) and tire pressure (softer being "grippier"). A car that is difficult to turn in a corner is said to be "tight", causing the car to want to keep going up the track with the wheel turned all the way left. The automobiles' suspension, brakes, and aerodynamic components are also selected to tailor the cars to different racetracks. The adjustment of front and rear aerodynamic downforce, spring rates, rear track bar geometry, and brake proportioning are critical to the cornering characteristics of the cars.

However, significant engine development has allowed these engines to reach exceedingly high levels of power with essentially 1950s technology. The engines are limited to 355 cubic inches (5.8 L), with cast iron blocks, one camshaft and a pushrod valvetrain. The cars are high-powered, low-tech hot rods with a roll cage chassis and thin sheet metal covering, and are powered by carbureted engines with 4 speed manual transmissions. In the Craftsman Truck Series, the Chevrolet Silverado, the Dodge Ram and the Ford F150, as well as the only non-American brand, the Toyota Tundra namesakes are used.

A fourth model, the Pontiac Grand Prix, was used until it was retired in 2004, when Pontiac ended its sponsorship with NASCAR. While the manufacturers and models of automobiles for Nextel Cup and Busch Series racing are named for production cars (Dodge Charger, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, and Ford Taurus, with the Fusion replacing the Taurus for 2006), the similarities between Nextel Cup cars and actual production cars are limited to some shaping of the nose and grill areas. The winner of this twisty road course event was defending series champion, Martin Truex Jr.. On March 6, 2005 the first ever NASCAR points-paying race outside of the United States was held for the minor league NASCAR Busch Series at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodriguez racetrack in Mexico City.

This exhibition race was won by Rusty Wallace. In 1996, NASCAR went to Japan for Suzuka NASCAR Thunder 100 at Suzuka Circuitland in Suzuka City on November 24, 1996. He completed 55 laps before crashing, while father Lee won the 100-lap feature. On July 18, 1958, Richard Petty made his premiership debut in a race at Toronto at the Canadian National Exhibition Grounds.

The first NASCAR competition held outside of the United States was in Canada, where on July 1, 1952, Buddy Shuman won a 200-lap race on a half-mile (800 m) dirt track in Stamford Park, ON, near Niagara Falls. The closest European equivalent is touring car racing, although the European circuits are on road courses. Unrestricted, NASCAR cars run at over 800 horsepower (600 kW). While Atlanta Motor Speedway, is generally considered the fastest track where restrictor plates are not mandated, in 2004 and 2005 higher qualifying speeds were posted at Texas Motor Speedway, earning it the title of the circuits fastest track.

As a safety measure to reduce speeds at the two fastest tracks (Daytona and Talladega), a restrictor plate must be placed between the carburetor and intake manifold to restrict air and fuel flow and, therefore, power. Tracks between 1 and 2 miles in length are called "intermediate" tracks. Tracks on todays standards are now considered superspeedways if they are over 2 miles (3 km) in length. Initially tracks of over one mile were referred to as "superspeedways", but many NASCAR venues now are 1.5 miles or 2 miles (2.4 or 3 km) in length.

Generally, tracks with a length of less than one mile (1.6 km) are referred to as "short tracks". The average speed is figured out based upon the winner's lap speeds throughout the entire races including laps spent under caution. The slowest tracks are Infineon Raceway, a road course, with a record race average speed of only 81 mph (130 km/h) and qualifying lap of 99 mph (159 km/h); and Martinsville Speedway, a very short, nearly flat "paper clip" oval, with a record race average speed of 82 mph (132 km/h) and a qualifying lap of only 97 mph (156 km/h). The fastest track is Talladega Superspeedway where the record race average speed is 188 mph (303 km/h) with the record qualifying lap of 212.809 mph (342.483 km/h) set by Bill Elliott.

Race speeds vary widely based on the track. Two courses (Sonoma and Watkins Glen) are complex shaped road courses. Courses also differ in degree of banking on the curves, with differences in degree of banking and course length contributing to different top speeds on various courses. Other configurations are quad-oval, oval with unequal ends (Darlington), and triangular (Pocono Raceway in Pennsylvania).

While some tracks are ovals, many are tri-ovals. Oval tracks vary in length from 0.526 miles (847 m) (Martinsville Speedway) to 2.66 miles (4280 m) (Talladega Superspeedway). NASCAR races are not conducted on identical tracks. When the checkered flag dropped on the Ford 400 at Homestead-Miami Speedway(the last race of the 2004 season), Kurt Busch won the championship by a mere eight points over Jimmie Johnson.

As part of bringing attention to NASCAR during the busiest part of the sports calendar in the United States with the climax toward Major League Baseball's World Series, the start of the college and NFL seasons and later, the onset of the NBA and NHL seasons (the 2004-05 NHL schedule was never played due to a labor impasse between the league's owners and players union), it was decided that the top ten point earners would participate in a ten-race "playoff" called "The Chase for the Nextel Cup" as points earned through the first 26 races (the Chevy Rock & Roll 400 was the last "regular season" race) would decide the ten drivers who would compete for the championship, as well as anyone within 400 points of the leader. In 2004, Nextel took over sponsorship of the premiere series from RJR after the Federal Government cracked down on tobacco advertising, renaming it the Nextel Cup Series. Now, their standing in championship points became an important factor. Previously, drivers were mostly concerned about winning individual races.

The purse awarded for championship points accumulated over the course of the season began to be significant. The beginning of the modern era, which NASCAR defines as 1971, also brought a change in the competitive structure. This underlined the drama and emotion of the sport and increased its broadcast marketability. The leaders going into the last lap, Cale Yarborough and Donnie Allison, wrecked on the backstretch while dicing for the lead, and Richard Petty passed to win. Immediately, Yarborough, Allison, and Allison's brother Bobby were engaged in a fistfight—on national television.

Finally, in 1979, the Daytona 500 became the first stock car race that was nationally televised from flag to flag on CBS. In the mid-1970s some races began to get partial television coverage, frequently on the ABC sports variety show, Wide World of Sports. The next division down, called Late Model Sportsman, gained the "Grand National" title passed down from the top division and soon found a sponsor in Busch Beer. The "Winston Cup" became the top competitive series, with a new points system and some significant cash benefits to competing for championship points.

Reynolds tobacco (tobacco companies had been banned from television advertising and were looking for a promotional outlet). The top series found sponsorship from R.J. NASCAR made major changes in its structure in the early 1970s. An exception was Riverside Raceway, in Riverside, California; because of the travel distances involved, it traditionally either started the Grand National season, or ended it.

Many of the venues were county fairgrounds or local tracks that hosted local racing on Saturday night when the touring stars were not in town. Almost all the races were held in southeastern U.S., because the economics of traveling with racecars, parts and mechanics demanded it. Although stock racing did not have much following outside the Southeast, people like Lee Petty, Curtis Turner, Fireball Roberts, Smokey Yunick and Junior Johnson became well known within the racing world. The teams became full-time jobs for the top drivers and owners.

At various times Ford Motor Company (Ford and Mercury), General Motors (Chevrolet and Pontiac), and Chrysler (Dodge, Chrysler, and Plymouth), all supported factory teams, openly and sometimes covertly when they pretended "not to be involved in racing". The sport began to attract more attention through the 1950s as manufacturers realized the opportunity to promote sales through racing. The famous Daytona, Florida race used a two mile (3 km) stretch of the beach as one straightaway and the beachfront highway as the other, prior to the construction in 1959 of the Daytona International Speedway, a 2.5 mile (4 km) high-banked track that became the icon of the sport. This track, at 1.38 miles (2220 m), was wider, faster, and higher-banked than the racers had seen.

However, the first "superspeedway" was built in Darlington, South Carolina in 1950. Most races were on half-mile to one mile (800 to 1600 m) oval tracks. However, over a period of about a dozen years, modifications for both safety and performance were allowed, and by the mid-1960s the vehicles were purpose-built racecars with a stock-appearing body. This division was renamed "Grand National" in 1950.

Initially the cars were known as the "Strictly Stock" Division and raced with virtually no modifications from the factory models. (This is not the same speedway as Lowe's Motor Speedway that is near Charlotte). The first NASCAR race ever was held at the old Charlotte Speedway in North Carolina on June 19, 1949. This led to the formation of NASCAR in 1948.

In 1947, he decided that this racing would not grow without a formal sanctioning organization, standardized rules, a regular schedule, and an organized championship. had the notion that people would enjoy watching unmodified, "stock" cars racing and promoted a few races before WW II. William France, Sr. Most races in those days were of "modified" cars, street vehicles which were lightened and reinforced.

These races were popular entertainment in the rural South, and they are most closely associated with the Wilkes County region of North Carolina. It was a logical step for the owners of these cars to race them. The drivers would modify their cars in order to create a faster more maneuverable car. Many early racing drivers were involved in bootlegging, the illegal transportation of alcohol.

The majority of NASCAR drivers maintain their primary residences near Charlotte. Michigan, Kentucky, Alabama, Virginia and Tennessee also host teams. Specifically, 82 % of Nextel Cup teams, 72 % of Busch Series teams, and 55 % of Craftsman Truck Series teams are based in North Carolina. Cities in North Carolina that are home to NASCAR teams include: Charlotte, Wilkesboro, Mooresville, Concord, Statesville, Huntersville, Welcome, Kernersville, Randleman, Greensboro, and High Point.

The majority of NASCAR teams are located in or near the Charlotte-metro area. However, North Carolina has been deemed "NASCAR Valley" as 73 % of all American motorsports employees work in North Carolina (this includes other motorsports series such as CART and ARCA). NASCAR's headquarters are located in Daytona Beach, Florida, although it also maintains many offices in and near Charlotte, North Carolina, New York City, Los Angeles, and Arkansas. Despite its regional beginnings as Southern entertainment, NASCAR is now the second most popular professional spectator sport in the entire U.S., behind only the National Football League.

The three largest racing series sanctioned by NASCAR are the Nextel Cup, Busch Series and the Craftsman Truck Series. Officially incorporated on February 21, its purpose was to organize and promote the sport of stock car racing. and Ed Otto in 1948 in the USA. It was co-founded by William France Sr.

The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. NASCAR Realignment. Stock car racing. NASCAR Championship.

List of current NASCAR races. List of NASCAR race tracks. List of NASCAR drivers. 2005 in NASCAR.

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