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White Lion

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White Lion was a hard rock/heavy metal music band of the 1980s and early 1990s. The band was formed in New York City in 1984 by Denmark-born vocalist Mike Tramp. After moving from Denmark, Mike met guitarist Vito Bratta, forming a band.

Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson. The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo.

The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt.

In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find.

On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit.

The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour).

White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour.

While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart.

In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV.

White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits.

In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up.

As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. It must be noted that the song "Radar Love" was included in this album, a cover considered by many, one of the best ever made.

In 1993, bassist James Lomenzo joined former Ozzy Osbourne guitarist Zakk Wylde in a band called Pride and Glory, while vocalist Mike Tramp started a solo career.

Towards the end of 2003, Mike Tramp said that White Lion was planning to reunite. This statement was quickly denied by the other members.


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This statement was quickly denied by the other members. [1] (http://www.forbes.com/home/feeds/afx/2005/05/12/afx2024549.html). Towards the end of 2003, Mike Tramp said that White Lion was planning to reunite. NVidia have announced that they will cease production of the Xbox's GPU in August of that year, which will almost certainly mark the end of that console's production. In 1993, bassist James Lomenzo joined former Ozzy Osbourne guitarist Zakk Wylde in a band called Pride and Glory, while vocalist Mike Tramp started a solo career. Microsoft is expected to release a new generation of Xbox hardware, the Xbox 360, in 2005. It must be noted that the song "Radar Love" was included in this album, a cover considered by many, one of the best ever made. To avoid frustrating early adopters, they offered a bundle containing two games and one controller for free to any purchaser who could provide a sales receipt showing the original higher price.

As an afterthought, Atlantic Records released the Best of White Lion compilation album in 1992. Microsoft countered with a 100 price drop (and its equivalent in the rest of Europe) some scant months after launch. Unfortunately, by the end of 1991, White Lion had broken up. With a price-dropped PlayStation 2 and a comparatively inexpensive GameCube as competition, many users were naturally reluctant to invest in the console (interestingly, the PS2 had faced similar attacks during the UK tabloids' preoccupation with "Ripoff Britain"). This was followed, in 1991, by Mane Attraction. Obviously, ignoring the GBP-USD exchange rate in the way gives the impression of a 100% mark-up for Europe. In August 1989, White Lion released their third album Big Game. As with many games consoles (for example, the PlayStation series), the Xbox was launched with a price in GBP equal to its US price in USD (in this case, $/299), and this price then converted for the rest of Europe.

The Pride album's third single When The Children Cry made it to #3, making Pride one of about 18 hard rock albums to ever have multiple top 10 hits. Of note is the high European launch price. White Lion concluded the Pride tour by opening for Stryper from September 1988 to February 1989 during Stryper's In God We Trust tour. Oceania. Like Guns N' Roses, White Lion's show at the Ritz was filmed and later aired on MTV. Europe. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City. North America.

In August 1988, the album's second single Tell Me stopped at #58. Currently, it is believed that Microsoft compares each Xbox's serial number and hard drive serial number upon connecting to Live, and that any "unpairing" of the two will result in a ban for the user associated with the console. Wait hit #8 on the singles chart, while Pride stalled at #11 on the album chart. One theory is that there is a "marriage" of one's hard drive serial number and one's Xbox's serial number, and banning if one of those two change due to part replacement. Another is that it might check for modified files, and another suggesting that Microsoft is detecting if the unique hard drive key of every Xbox has changed. While opening for AC/DC, the Pride album and Wait single finally charted. There has been several theories on how banning in this new method is done. In January 1988 started opening for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video tour. But as of November 2004, Microsoft has been taking new actions for banning Xboxes with hard drive modifications from the Xbox Live service.

White Lion spent the rest of 1987 on tour with KISS. Also, most internal hardware modifications will render an Xbox unable to participate in Xbox Live which is why many modders use a switch to turn on and off their modifications to the Xbox. In September 1987, White Lion became the opening band for KISS (who had just started their Crazy Nights tour). Modding an Xbox may require opening the Xbox case, and would certainly void the Xbox's warranty. The Pride tour started in July 1987 as White Lion opened for Ace Frehley's 80s band Frehley's Comet. A modded Xbox can even be configured into a computer running Linux or Microsoft Windows CE operating systems. However, it took seven months before the song became a hit. Beyond gaming, a modded Xbox can be used as a media center with the Xbox Media Center (http://www.xboxmediacenter.com/) software (XBMC) allowing the playing of DVDs without the $30 DVD dongle/remote and streaming of music and video files from the hard drive or from another computer over a network.

On June 21, 1987, their second album, Pride, was released (the same day as Keel's Keel album, and Helix's Wild in The Streets) The first single from Pride was 'Wait/Don't Give Up, released on June 1, 1987. This requires a modded Xbox using one of the alternative dashboards, and is used by scrupulous users to eliminate load times or leave their games in storage, and by unscrupulous users to play illegally copied games. By then, their debut album was out of print and extremely hard to find. Then Xbox games can be copied from the DVD to the hard disk and then played directly from the hard drive. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records. The original hard drive can be replaced with a larger one. In 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious "female" member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. This is especially attractive as the Xbox is designed to output to TVs, and high-quality controllers and arcade sticks are available for it.

A few months later, Grand Slam records went bankrupt. This allows running an alternate dashboard such as Avalaunch, Evolution-X or UnleashX and in turn makes playing original (free) homebrew games such as Star Wars or various older games through arcade and games console emulators possible. The band then finished their debut album, Fight to Survive, which was released on November 9, 1985. Software modding is much less intrusive, and only involves running software exploits to trick the Xbox into running unsigned program code. Within a month of joining, Dan spitz left and was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo. However, there are many reputable sites in the UK (where overall, it is still technically legal) selling pre-loaded modchipped Xboxes. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by Dan Spitz, and Felix Robinson was replaced by James Lomenzo. Hardware modding can involve anything from simply replacing the console's green decorative "jewel" with a custom-designed one to opening up the case and installing a modchip.

While recording the song The Road to Valhalla, both Capozzi and Robinson left the band. The recent popularity of the Xbox has inspired efforts to circumvent the built-in hardware and software security mechanisms (sometimes in order to use the Xbox as a low cost web server), as well as to add customized design touches to the console's case (similar to PC case modding). The band was signed by a small label called Grand Slam records in January 1985. The Xbox API is similar to DirectX version 8.1, but is non-updateable just like other console technologies. Later, the band grew to include drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson. The API was developed jointly between Microsoft and NVIDIA, whose chips power the Xbox graphics. After moving from Denmark, Mike met guitarist Vito Bratta, forming a band. Microsoft's set of low-level APIs for game development and multimedia purposes, DirectX, was used as a basis for the Xbox's hardware programming (as well as its name, which implies "DirectX Box").

The band was formed in New York City in 1984 by Denmark-born vocalist Mike Tramp. This output selectivity is made possible by the Xbox's SCART-like AVIP port.
White Lion was a hard rock/heavy metal music band of the 1980s and early 1990s. Numerous unofficial third-party cables and breakout boxes exist that provide combinations of outputs not found in these official video packages; however, with the exception of a few component-to-VGA transcoders and custom-built VGA boxes, the four official video packages represent all of the Xbox's possible outputs. For help, see How to Edit a Page and the Style and How-to Directory. Currently, all Xbox consoles come with a "Controller S", and the original version of the controller (also known as 'The Duke') is no longer sold. After the article has been cleaned up, you may remove this message. Another common complaint about the system was that the original game controller design was seen as too large for some people. For the Japanese Xbox launch, a new and smaller controller was introduced, a design which was subsequently released in other markets as the "Controller S", which eventually replaced the original design.

This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of article quality. While some elements of the Xbox's design, like break-away cables for the controllers to prevent the console from being yanked from the shelf, take the size into account, it has undoubtedly hurt the system's sales to the space-conscious Japanese. Despite managing to be smaller and lighter than similar commodity PCs, the Xbox has found itself a target of mild derision, as gamers poke fun at it for things like a (overly cautious) warning in the Xbox manual that a falling Xbox "could cause serious injury" to a small child or pet. This is largely due to the large, tray-loading DVD-ROM drive and the standard-size 3.5" hard drive. The Xbox is much larger and heavier than its contemporaries, and shipped with an unusually large controller.

The Xbox does not use Windows CE due to Microsoft internal politics at the time, as well as limited support in Windows CE for DirectX. Although the Xbox is based on commodity PC hardware and runs a stripped-down version of the Windows 2000 kernel using APIs based largely on DirectX, it incorporates restrictions designed to prevent uses not approved by Microsoft. racing/driving games) where the music is inconsequential to what is happening in the game. Custom Soundtracks are often supported in non-cinematic games (e.g.

The inclusion of the hard disk not only serves as a disk cache for faster game loading times compared to the PS2 and repository for saved game information (eliminating the need for sold-separately memory cards), it also allows users to download and save new content for their games from Xbox Live and copy music from standard Audio CDs so players can partially or completely replace the soundtrack of Xbox games that support Custom Soundtracks, all firsts in console history. However, it still uses standard console architecture. Microsoft built the Xbox around industry-standard PC hardware, unlike the traditionally proprietary design of nearly all other gaming consoles. Several internal hardware revisions have been made to discourage modding, cut manufacturing costs, and to provide a more reliable DVD-ROM drive (the early units' drives were prone to failure).

The milestone of 1 million subscribers was announced in July 2004. This online service only works with broadband. In November 2002, Microsoft released the successful Xbox Live online gaming service, allowing subscribers to play online Xbox games with (or against) other subscribers all around the world and download new content for their games to the hard drive. Microsoft predicted that it would not make a profit on the Xbox for at least three years and that turned out to be correct; the division had its first profitable quarter in 2005.

In much of Europe, the Xbox is currently slightly ahead of the GameCube, but is still far behind the PlayStation 2. The Xbox has not sold well in Japan, due to the Japanese people's poor acceptance of non-Japanese consoles, limited Japanese developer support, few game choices and the large size of the hardware itself. While some critics were initially concerned that the Xbox would allow Microsoft to extend its dominance of the PC software market to consoles, as of February 2005 estimates show the Xbox's share of the worldwide console market is only comparable to the Nintendo GameCube and far behind the PlayStation 2. The Xbox was initially developed within Microsoft by a small crew including Seamus Blackley, a game developer and high energy physicist.

Notable launch titles for the console include Amped, Dead or Alive 3, Halo: Combat Evolved, Oddworld: Munch's Oddysee, and Project Gotham Racing. The price is currently 149 USD, 149 EUR, 99 GBP, 200 CAD, 249 AUD, 290 NZD and 1200 NOK. It is Microsoft's first independent venture into the console arena, after having collaborated with Sega in porting Windows CE to the Sega Dreamcast console. The Xbox is Microsoft's game console, released on November 15, 2001.

NZ$249 (2004 Q4,2005). NZ$299 (2004 Q2). AU$249 (2004,2005). NZ$349 (2004).

AU$299 (2004). NZ$399 (2003). AU$349 (2003). NZ$499 NZD (3 October, 2002, Launch Price).

AU$399 AUD. AU$699 AUD (26 April 2002, Launch Price) (Quickly dropped to $399 to compete with launch of Nintendo Gamecube). 99 (August 27, 2004). €149 (August 27, 2004).

130 (2003). €199 (2003). €249 (August 30, 2002). €299 (Launch Price (Rest of Europe) and Ireland April 26, 2002).

299 GBP (Launch Price March 14, 2002),. €479 (Launch Price (Ireland) 14 March, 2002),. CAD$199 (March 29, 2004). US$149 (March 29, 2004).

US$179 (2003). US$199 (2002). US$299 (November 15, 2001, Launch Price). Approved by Microsoft for wireless gameplay with Xbox.

Logitech 2.4 Ghz wireless controller. Ninja Gaiden and Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball) do not support this accessory as a cheat prevention measure. Note that some recent games (e.g. Memory Unit: An 8 MB removable solid-state memory card onto which game saves can either be copied from the hard drive when in the Xbox Dashboard's memory manager or saved during a game.

The white and black buttons are located below the ABXY buttons, and the Back/Select buttons are similarly placed below the left thumbstick. Once the standard Xbox controller in Japan, it was released in other territories by popular demand, and eventually replaced the standard controller in the retail pack for the Xbox console. Controller S: A smaller, lighter Xbox controller. The black and white buttons are located above the ABXY buttons, and the Back/Start buttons are located between and below the d-pad and right thumbstick.

It is considered to be bulky. Standard Xbox Controller (AKA "Controller O"): The normal Xbox controller for all territories except Japan, this has since been replaced in Xbox packs by the Controller S, and due to its increasing rarity, is believed to have been discontinued. It also allows users to upload pictures in JPG format (to create slide shows) as well as audio in WMA and MP3 format (for karaoke or a game's Custom Soundtracks feature) from a Windows XP machine running the Xbox Music Mixer PC Tool (http://www.xbox.com/en-US/musicmixer/pctool-overview/). Provides a music player with 2D/3D visualizations as well as basic karaoke functions.

Xbox Music Mixer: A utility software bundled with a microphone that connects to an adapter that plugs into the top expansion slot of a controller. Although there is nothing to prevent the Xbox from acting as a progressive-scan DVD player, Microsoft chose not to enable this feature in the Xbox DVD kit in order to avoid royalty payments to the patent-holder of progressive scan DVD playback. By selling a DVD remote separately, Microsoft was able to bundle the cost of the DVD licensing fee with it. DVD playback was not included as a standard feature of the Xbox due to licensing issues with the DVD format that would have added extra cost to the console's base price.

DVD Playback Kit: Required in order to play DVD movies, the kit includes an infrared remote control and receiver. It can also be used for DVD playback. Xbox Media Center Extender: A kit that allows Xbox to act as a Media Center Extender to stream content from a Windows XP Media Center Edition PC. This functionality is similar to Sega's DirectLink for Sega Saturn.

System Link Cable: A Cat 5 crossover cable for connecting together two to four consoles, for up to 16 total players. The headset can in fact be replaced with most standard earpiece-and-microphone headsets; headset specialist Plantronics produce various officially-licenced headsets, including a special-edition headset for Halo 2. Xbox Live Starter Kit: A subscription and installation pack for the Xbox Live service, as well as a headset (with monaural earpiece and microphone) that connects to a control box that plugs into the top expansion slot of a controller. While the official Wireless Adapter guarantees compatbility with the Xbox, almost any wireless bridge can be used.

Xbox Wireless Adapter: a wireless bridge which converts data running through an ethernet cable to a wireless (802.11b or 802.11g) signal to connect to a wireless LAN. Ethernet (Xbox Live) Cable: A Cat 5 cable for connecting the Xbox to a broadband modem or router (note that there is no "official" Xbox Live cable; any PC ethernet cable can be used). As Europe has no HDTV standard, no High Definition cable is currently provided in those markets. Advanced SCART Cable: The European equivalent to the Advanced AV Pack, providing a full RGB video SCART connection in place of S-Video, RCA composite and stereo audio connections (composite video and stereo are still provided by the cable, through the SCART connector, in addition to the RGB signal), while retaining the TOSLINK audio connector.

Also provides analog RCA and digital TOSLINK audio outputs. High Definition AV Pack: A breakout box, intended for HDTVs, that provides a YPrPb component video signal over three RCA connectors. Advanced AV Pack: A breakout box that provides S-Video and TOSLINK audio in addition to the RCA composite video and stereo audio of the Standard AV Cable. RF Adapter: Provides a combined audio and video signal on an RF connector.

European systems come with a RCA jack to SCART converter block in addition to the cable. Comes with the system. Standard AV Cable: Provides composite video and monaural or stereo audio to TVs equipped with RCA inputs. Dimensions: 324 265 90 mm (12.8 10.4 3.5 inches).

Weight: 3.86 kg. Controller Ports: 4 proprietary USB-based ports. HDTV Support: Yes, 480p/720p/1080i (see game boxes for supported resolutions). PAL TV's have less than 600 horizontal lines.

Note: NTSC (Non-HD) TV's have less than 500 horizontal lines. Maximum Resolution (2x32bpp frame buffers +Z): 1920(vert.)x1080(horiz)

    . DVD Movie Playback: Yes (separate DVD Playback Kit/Remote required). Broadband Enabled: Yes (10/100base-T ethernet).

    AC3 (Dolby Digital) Encoded Game Audio: Yes (via TOSLINK). MIDI DLS2 Support: Yes. 3D Audio Support: Yes. Audio Channels: 64 3D channels (up to 256 stereo voices).

    I/O: 2-5x DVD, 8 GB/10 GB hard disk, 8 MB memory card. Storage Medium: 2-5x DVD, 8 gigabyte hard disk, optional 8 MB memory card. Micro Polygon Support: Yes. Full Scene Anti-Alias: Yes.

    Compressed Textures: Yes (6:1). Pixel Fill Rate - 1 Texture: 4.0 G/s anti-aliased. Pixel Fill Rate - No Texture: 4.0 G/s (anti-aliased). Simultaneous Textures: 4.

    Particle Performance: 125 M/s. Micropolygons/particles per second: 125 M/s. Sustained Polygon Performance: 100+ M/s (transformed and lit polygons per second). Some critics assert that the Xbox's polygon-per-second number is exaggerated by unrealistic testing conditions.).

    (Microsoft figure. Polygon Performance: 125 million flat-shaded polys/second

      . Memory Bandwidth: 6.4 GB/s. Total Memory: 64 MB DDR SDRAM running at 200 MHz, supplied by Micron.

      Graphics Processor: 250 MHz custom chip named the NV2x, developed by Microsoft and nVIDIA (comparable to a low-end GeForce 4 Ti card). CPU: 733 MHz Intel Pentium III processor, with a 133 MHz Front Side Bus.

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