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Venus Williams

Country: United States
Residence: Palm Beach, Florida, USA
Height: 6'1" (185 cm)
Weight: 160 lbs. (72.5 kg)
Plays: Right
Turned pro: October 1994
Highest singles ranking: 1 (February 25, 2002)
Singles titles: 32
Career Prize Money: $14,815,188
Grand Slam Record
Titles: 4
Australian Open F (2003)
French Open F (2002)
Wimbledon W (2000, '01)
U.S. Open W (2000, '01)

Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. 1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams.

Early life

When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place.

Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time.

Tennis career

Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena.

When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century.

In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6.

Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003.

Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16.

Titles (41)

Singles (32)

Singles Finalist (20)

Grand slam events in boldface.

Doubles (10)

Grand slam events in boldface. Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.


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Doubles partner sister Serena Williams.. Tatooing is also used as a form of 'cosmetic surgery', like permanent cosmetics, to hide or neutralise skin discolorations. Grand slam events in boldface. Tattoos may be located anywhere on the animal's body including it's ear (common for small mammals) or inner lip (bears). Grand slam events in boldface.. Animals are marked with symbols or alphanumeric characters for identification. In 2005, Williams' ranking has fallen to #16. Tattooing is also used in managing wildlife and the livestock industry as a marking technique.

After finishing an injury plagued 2003 season ranked 11, Williams rebounded into the top 10 for a year end #9 ranking in 2004, but for the first time since 1997, she failed to qualify for the WTA Tour's annual Year Ending Championships in Los Angeles. Most tattoo artists recommend them and sell them in their parlors. Recently, Willams' results have steadily declined. These products are safe, efficient and dermatologically tested. Williams' older sister, Yetunde Price, was killed by gunshots in the Compton area as she and a male driver passed by inside a car, on the morning of September 14, 2003. In the last few years, new cosmetic and pharmaceutical aftercare products have been developed specifically for the tattoo world. She lost to her sister Serena, 6-4, 4-6, 2-6. Japanese soak the tattoo in hot water to clean it.

In 2003, Williams played at the 2003 Wimbledon finals despite suffering an abdominal injury. Some tattooists will recommend leaving the covering on for several hours or overnight, and then gently washing the area. When Venus and Serena won the 1999 French Open doubles title, they became the first pair of sisters to win a doubles title in the 20th century. Immediately after completing the tattoo, most tattooists will cover the area to keep out dirt and keep the tattoo from oozing into clothes; sometimes the area is wrapped in clingfilm, paper towel, poultry packs (that come in chicken packs) or gauze. In 2002 and 2003 Venus achieved five singles major finals but lost all of them to her sister Serena. New tattoos are wounds which must be looked after properly. Open in singles and defended both titles in 2001. The majority of these products contain petroleum or lanolin which, when applied to a new tattoo, can clog skin pores and actually retard your body's healing process. There is also the possibility of allergic reactions to these products, and, application to a new tattoo can cause skin reactions leading to loss of ink and permanent damage to your tattoo.

In 2000 she won the Wimbledon championship and the U.S. These products were intended to prevent cuts, burns, scrapes and abrasions from becoming infected and not for the healing of new tattoos. She has garnered many important championships, including two Gold medals at the Sydney Summer Olympics in 2000, the Fed Cup, the 1999 French Open doubles (with sister Serena as her partner) and 5 other doubles and 2 mixed doubles grand slams, the Oklahoma City Tennis championship, the Italian Open, and the Hamburg Open. Tattoo artists have had to recommend a variety of products available from your local drug store. Venus turned professional in the 1990s and went on to have a very lucrative tennis career. Aftercare for your new tattoo has been a subject of debate in the tattoo community for many years. Venus as a young girl became one of California's top young tennis players, and she and her sister Serena shared the top seed as California's best young players for a long time. Many of the most notable tattooists do not belong to any association.

Their father Richard used to take all five of his daughters to the courts in hopes that someday at least one of them would reach sporting glory and move them into a better place. Membership in professional organizations, or certificates of appreciation/achievement, may imply that the artist is aware of the latest trends in equipment and sterilization. There, they sometimes had to dodge bullets while practicing tennis at local public courts. A reputable artist will:. When the Williams sisters (who are five in total) were young, they were moved to Compton, California. The studio must have all of the following:. She is the daughter of Richard and Oracene Williams and the sister of another tennis champion, Serena Williams. See the sections under "Risks," above.

1 tennis champion who was born in Lynwood, California, United States. The television show Mythbusters tested the theory, and concluded that there is no risk of interaction between tattoo inks and MRI. Today the majority of professional tattoos do not contain metal particles and therefore there is no concern with MRI. Venus Ebone Starr Williams (born June 17, 1980) is an former World No. It is likely that this is an urban myth. 2003: Australian Open. There has been concern about the interaction between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures and tattoo inks, some of which contain trace metals. It has been claimed that the magnetic fields produced by MRI machines could interact with these metal particles, potentially causing burns or distortions in the image. 2002: Wimbledon. Shops should appear clean; sinks with hot water and soap should be available in the bathroom as well as in the studio; tattooers should wash their hands regularly and wear latex gloves; surfaces should be cleaned with disinfectant and floors should appear clean; proper procedures for sterilizing equipment should also be followed strictly.

2001: Australian Open. The risk of infection also be reduced by following obvious precautions. 2000: Summer Olympics-Sydney. People who are susceptible to infection should know the dangers abrading the skin can have and should consult a physician before getting a tattoo. 2000: Wimbledon. Potential infections include everything from surface infections of the skin to Staphylococcus aureus infections that can cause cardiological damage. Open. Infection from tattooing in clean and modern tattoo studios is rare.

1999: U.S. Some tattoo artists give small tests, by marking a small amount of ink behind the ear to determine if that person has an allergic reaction. 1999: French Open. People with allergies should think carefully about getting a tattoo because of the risk of anaphylactic shock (hypersensitive reaction), which can be life threatening. 1999: Hannover. Allergic reactions to tattoo pigments are fairly uncommon except for certain brands of red and green (with which some many people have a slight problem with itching,swelling,redness of the skin,oozing). People who are sensitive or allergic to certain metals may react to pigments in the skin by becoming swollen and/or itchy, oozing of clear sebum is also common. 1998: Zurich. The tattooer should know and discuss the risks of disease in tattooing.

1998: Oklahoma City. These are used on one client, once only, and are discarded when the session ends. To avoid contamination, small amounts of ink are poured from larger bottles into disposable cups. In addition, it is important that needles and other instruments do not come in contact with inks that will be used on other clients. Universal precautions, such as washing the hands, wearing latex gloves and the thorough cleaning of floors and surfaces, also reduce the risk of disease.

Most reputable tattoo shops use fresh disposable needles for each client and sterilize reusable instruments between clients using an autoclave. Since tattoo instruments come in contact with blood and bodily fluids, diseases may be transmitted if the instruments are used on more than one person without being sterilized. Permanent tattooing of any form carries risks, including infection, allergy, and disease. Mehndi has also become popular, particularly in the West, as a form of temporary body decoration with no symbolic meaning.

Mehndi is traditionally applied onto the hands and feet of brides, but there exist traditions in Bangladesh, Kashmir and Sudan where bridegrooms also have Mehndi applied before wedding ceremonies. PPD is very unhealthy and has been known to cause burns[2] (http://www.hennapage.com/henna/warnings.html). So-called 'black henna', which is made by adding p-phenylenediamine (PPD) to natural henna, in order to achieve a black color, may cause allergic reactions. Most designs last up to two weeks, fading from a dark brown to a light orange before disappearing.

The length of time the design will last depends on how long the paste is left on the skin. The designs are usually hand drawn with henna: powdered henna is mixed with coffee or tea, lemon juice (to release the dye) and sugar (for consistency) into a paste which is then applied. The art known as Mehndi, common in Middle Eastern, North African and Asian countries (but particularly associated with India), is the application of intricate patterns and designs on the hands and feet. Temporary tattoos are easily removed with soap and water or oil-based creams, and are intended to last a few days.

They are generally applied to the skin using water to transfer the design to the surface of the skin. Temporary tattoos are a type of body sticker, like a decal. According to George Orwell, workers in coal mines would wind up with characteristic tattoos owing to coal dust getting into wounds. The prices of cosmetic procedures are higher than design tattoos because most states require permanent makeup artists to be licensed aestheticians.

Permanent cosmetics are tattoos that enhance eyebrows, lips (liner or lipstick), eyes (shadow, mascara), and even moles, usually with natural colors as the designs are intended to resemble makeup. [1] (http://www.cnn.com/2004/LAW/05/04/tattoo/). Inmates will be trained to staff and operate the tattoo parlors once six of them open successfully. Legitimate parlors onsite would reduce risks of infection with makeshift tattoo guns, while also offering inmates the chance to cover up unsightly ink they received while incarcerated.

However, Canadian inmates may be able to safely tattoo themselves while incarcerated if a test of onsite prison tattoo parlors in the summer of 2005 proves to be successful. Prisoners often dismiss these risks in a show of toughness. There is also significant risk of illness, including such blood-borne diseases as HIV and hepatitis. Tattoos created under such conditions are frequently painful, and the resulting designs are coarser.

In most prisons, tattoo machines are not available so tattooing is done with crude "homemade" machines. The unit rapidly and repeatedly drives the needles in and out of the skin, usually 50 to 3,000 times a minute. In this procedure, ink is inserted into the skin via a group of needles that are soldered onto a bar, which is attached to an oscillating unit. The most common method of tattooing in modern times is with an electric tattoo machine.

Traditional Japanese tattoos (irezumi) are still "hand-poked," that is, the ink is inserted beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made and hand held tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel. Some cultures create tattooed marks by "tapping" the ink into the skin using sharpened sticks or animal bones. This may be an adjunct to scarification. Some tribal cultures still create tattoos by cutting designs into the skin and rubbing the resulting wound with ink, ashes or other agents.

Such tattoos are performed by veterinarians and the animals are anaesthetized to prevent pain. Pets, show animals, thoroughbred horses and livestock are sometimes tattooed with identification marks, and certain of their body parts (for example, noses) have also been tattooed to prevent sunburn. Tattoos are also placed on animals, though very rarely for decorative reasons. European sailors were known to tattoo the crucifixion on their backs to prevent flogging as a punishment.

The best known is the ka-tzetnik identification system for Jews in concentration camps during the Holocaust. Throughout history people have also been forcibly tattooed for a variety of reasons. Some Maori males still choose to wear intricate moko on their faces. Today, people commonly choose to be tattooed for cosmetic, religious and magical reasons, as well as as a symbol of belonging to or identification with particular groups (see Criminal tattoos).

Current estimates have one in seven or over 39 million people in North America who have at least one tattoo. Tattoos are more popular now than at any time in recorded history. The "modern" electric tattoo machine is fundamentally the same machine invented by Samuel O'Reilly in 1891, which was based on an electric engraving pen invented by Thomas Edison. Europeans rediscovered tattooing during the exploration of the South Pacific under Captain James Cook in the 1770s, and sailors were particularly identified with tattoos in European culture until after World War I.

In addition, Chinese legend has it that the mother of Yue Fei, the most famous general of the Song Dynasty, tattooed the words 精忠報國 (pinyin: jin zhong bao guo) on his back with her sewing needle before he left to join the army, reminding him to "repay his country with total loyalty". Tattooing has also been featured prominently in one of the Four Classic Novels in Chinese literature, Water Margin, in which at least two of the 108 characters, Shi Jun and Yan Qing, were described as having tattoos covering nearly the whole of their bodies. The Man of Pazyryk was also tattooed with therapeutic dots lined up along the spinal column (lumbar region) and around the right ankle. Their tattooing involves animal designs repertory carried out in a curvilinear style.

Three tattooed mummies (c. 300 BC) were extracted from the permafrost of Alta´ in second half of the 20th century (the Man of Payzyrk, during the forties; one female mummy and one male in Ukok plateau, during the nineties). Mair, The Tarim Mummies, London, 2000), some of them could date from the end of the 2nd millennium before our era. Mallory and V H. Still relatively unknown (the only current publications in Western languages are those of J P.

Tarim Basin (West China, Xinjiang) revealed several tattooed mummies of a European physical type. "Ítzi the Iceman", dated circa 3300 BC, exhibits therapeutic tattoos (small parallel dashes along lumbar and on the legs). Tattooing has been a Eurasian practice since Neolithic times. According to Robert Graves in his book The Greek Myths, tattooing was common amongst certain religious groups in the ancient Mediterranean world, which probably contributed to the prohibition of tattooing in Leviticus 19:28 in the Old Testament.

Japan, and China. Tattooing was widespread among Polynesian peoples, and in the Philippines, Borneo, Samoa, Africa, Mesoamerica. The Ainu, the indigenous people of Japan, wore unique facial tattoos. Tattooing has been a practice of almost every known people.

Tattoos, particularly full traditional body suits, are still popularly associated with the yakuza (mafia) in Japan; in reality, however, many yakuza members are choosing not to be tattooed to avoid this very stigma. It is widely believed that one of the initiation rites in becoming a triad member is silently withstanding the pain of receiving a tattoo the size of one's entire back in one sitting, usually performed in the traditional "hand-poked" style. It is said that most triad members in Hong Kong have a tattoo of a black dragon on the left bicep and one of a white tiger on the right; in fact, many people in Hong Kong use "left a black dragon, right a white tiger" as a euphemism for a triad member. It has been suggested that a majority of prisoners in US prisons have at least one tattoo.

Tattoos can be wholly or partially removed by cosmetic surgery but this can be expensive and may not be entirely effective in leaving unblemished skin. For this reason and others a large proportion of people who get tattoos subsequently regret it. Tattoos can therefore impair the wearer's career prospects. Many employers, especially in professional fields, dislike tattoos greatly.

For example, many businesses such as gyms, hot springs and recreational facilities in Japan still ban people with visible tattoos. In some areas, tattoos have a largely negative image. This is particularly true in East Asian countries and regions, where tattoos are still generally associated with criminality in the public's mind; therefore those who choose to be tattooed in such countries usually keep their tattoos covered for fear of reprisal. Many celebrities, particularly in the music industry, wear tattoos, but there are many others who have tattoos but generally keep them covered. "Tattoo Flash" is also the name of an American tattoo magazine.

Tattoo designs that are mass produced and sold to tattoo artists and studios are called flash. This usage is gaining support, with mainstream art galleries holding exhibitions of tattoo designs and photographs of tattoos. Most tattoo enthusiasts refer to tattoos as art and to tattooists (less often "tattooers") as artists. In Japanese the word used for traditional designs or those that are applied using traditional methods is irezumi, while "tattoo" is used for non-Japanese designs.

The origin of the word tattoo is usually traced to the Tahitian tatu or tatau, which means to mark or strike (the latter referring to traditional methods of applying the designs). In technical terms, tattooing is micro-pigment implantation. Tattoos are a type of body modification. This article is about the tattoo, a design in ink or some other pigment, usually decorative or symbolic, placed permanently under the skin. The Symbolism and Meaning of Many Popular Tattoo Designs Jennifer Gribbs Tattoo Design Guide (http://www.tattoojohnny.com/tattoo-design-guide.asp).

The Art of Tattooing Joshua Andrews Tattoology (http://www.tattoology.net). The Tattoo Machine Joshua Andrews link Source (http://www.howtotattoo.net). Safe Tattooing Joshua Andrews. Russian Criminal Tattoo Encyclopaedia Danzig Baldaev, ISBN 3882439203.

Tattoo Art Magazine. Total Tattoo Book Amy Krakow, ISBN 0446670014. provide clear aftercare instructions and products. always use fresh ink for each session, placing small amounts in disposable containers which are used for one client only.

always use properly sterilized non-disposable and disposable supplies. always open new, sterile needle packages in front of the client, and always use new, sterile disposable instruments. Many artists will change gloves one or more times during longer sessions. wash his or her hands with water and soap or an approved sanitizing agent, and wear latex gloves.

be willing and able to answer questions. ensure that the customer is satisfied with and sure about the design before applying it. refuse to tattoo minors, intoxicated people, or those incapable of consent due to mental defect. be knowledgeable, courteous and helpful.

accessible facilities for washing the hands with hot water and soap. an autoclave is usually required by law but is not really needed if the items to be used have been presterilized elsewhere. sharps containers for old needles. biohazard containers for blood-stained objects.

Renaut, 2004, French and English abstract) (http://www.ephe.sorbonne.fr/ED2/renaut.htm). PhD Thesis on body-marking in Antiquity (L. Renaut, 2004, French and English abstract) (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=GatewayURL&_origin=AUGATEWAY&_method=citationSearch&_piikey=S0003552103000840&_version=1&md5=f6dd58d559c19d58799b93a66225b038). Comparative study about Ítzi's therapeutic tattoos (L.

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