This page will contain wikis about Topaz, as they become available.

Topaz

This article is about the mineral or gemstone, for other uses see: Topaz (disambiguation).

Topaz 4 Carat Oval Shape Topaz Gemstone Ring Enhanced with Azotic(r)Treatment Heart Cut Sky Blue Topaz Ring

The mineral topaz is a silicate of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces, the basal pinacoid often being present. It has an easy and perfect basal cleavage and so gemstones or other fine specimens should be handled with care to avoid developing cleavage flaws. The fracture is conchoidal to uneven. Topaz has a hardness of 8, a specific gravity of 3.4-3.6, and a vitreous lustre. Pure topaz is transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine or straw-yellow. They may also be white, gray, green, blue, or reddish-yellow and transparent or translucent. When heated, yellow topaz often becomes reddish-pink. It can also be irradiated, turning the stone a light and distinctive shade of blue. A recent trend in jewelry is the manufacture of topaz specimens that display iridescent colors, by applying a thin layer of titanium oxide via physical vapor deposition.

Topaz is found associated with the more acid rocks of the granite and rhyolite type and may be found with fluorite and cassiterite. It can be found in the Ural and Ilmen mountains, Czech Republic, Saxony, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, and the United States.

Etymology and historical/mythical usage

The name "topaz" is derived from the Greek topazos, "to seek," which was the name of an island in the Red Sea that was difficult to find and from which a yellow stone (now believed to be a yellowish olivine) was mined in ancient times. In the Middle Ages the name topaz was used to refer to any yellow gemstone, but now the name is only properly applied to the silicate described above.

According to Rebbenu Bachya, the word "Leshem" in the verse Exodus 28:19 means "Topaz" and was the stone on the Ephod representing the tribe of Dan.

Topaz is also the birthstone of November.

Example of Heat Treated Topaz-Pink Topaz Pear Cut Ring

References

  • Webmineral
  • Mindat with location data
  • Mineral galleries

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Topaz is also the birthstone of November. Three video games based on the film came out on Sega Genesis, Super NES, Game Boy and PC. According to Rebbenu Bachya, the word "Leshem" in the verse Exodus 28:19 means "Topaz" and was the stone on the Ephod representing the tribe of Dan. This poses a problem, however, as Jim Varney, the voice of Slinky Dog, passed away in 2000. In the Middle Ages the name topaz was used to refer to any yellow gemstone, but now the name is only properly applied to the silicate described above. In February 2006, the original team confirmed that Toy Story 3 was going to be made. The name "topaz" is derived from the Greek topazos, "to seek," which was the name of an island in the Red Sea that was difficult to find and from which a yellow stone (now believed to be a yellowish olivine) was mined in ancient times. The latter two featured traditionally animated renditions of Buzz Lightyear and Little Green Army Men from the first movie.

It can be found in the Ural and Ilmen mountains, Czech Republic, Saxony, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. Toy Story was followed by Toy Story 2 in 1999, the video Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins in 2000 and the TV series Buzz Lightyear of Star Command also in 2000. Topaz is found associated with the more acid rocks of the granite and rhyolite type and may be found with fluorite and cassiterite. It is the most recently-made film to receive this honor. A recent trend in jewelry is the manufacture of topaz specimens that display iridescent colors, by applying a thin layer of titanium oxide via physical vapor deposition. In 2005 the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. It can also be irradiated, turning the stone a light and distinctive shade of blue. Director John Lasseter received an Academy Special Achievement Award in 1996 for this film.

When heated, yellow topaz often becomes reddish-pink. This conflict results in Woody and Buzz ending up in a situation where the only way out is for them to work together. They may also be white, gray, green, blue, or reddish-yellow and transparent or translucent. A conflict between Woody and Buzz develops with Woody's jealousy that Buzz displaces him, and his irritation with the fact Buzz does not know he is a toy. Pure topaz is transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine or straw-yellow. The mystery toy is the famous Buzz Lightyear action figure. Topaz has a hardness of 8, a specific gravity of 3.4-3.6, and a vitreous lustre. Once the kids leave to eat cake, Woody climbs back on the bed to see who this is that could have displaced him.

The fracture is conchoidal to uneven. When Andy arrives, Woody is brushed out of his place - the middle of the bed - and onto the floor to make space for the new toy. It has an easy and perfect basal cleavage and so gemstones or other fine specimens should be handled with care to avoid developing cleavage flaws. All the toys rush to their places before Andy returns. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces, the basal pinacoid often being present. There are no new toys at the party until mom pulls out another box, but the soldiers are cut off and we don't hear what it is, only that the kids are coming upstairs. The mineral topaz is a silicate of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. Finally, to calm everyone Woody sends a reconnaissance group of little green toy Army soldiers using a baby monitor to scout the party.

This article is about the mineral or gemstone, for other uses see: Topaz (disambiguation).. Woody, of course, remains calm since he is Andy's favorite and expects to never be replaced by another favorite toy. Mineral galleries. Everyone is afraid they will be replaced. Mindat with location data. This results in pandemonium from the other toys. Webmineral. At the end of the meeting it is announced that today is Andy's birthday party.

The movie starts with a meeting among the toys to discuss Andy's family's upcoming move. Human characters:. The main toy characters:. .

Before Pixar's entry into the feature film-business with Toy Story, Pixar was known for developing the Pixar Image Computer. Andy, his baby sister Molly and mother have smaller roles, as do the neighbor boy Sid, his dog Scud and sister Hannah. The primary characters are toys in the room of the six-year-old boy Andy, and is mostly told from their point of view. $356,800,000 world-wide, making it the 65th highest-grossing movie in history (not adjusted for inflation).

It grossed U.S. Toy Story was also Pixar's first feature to be released in theaters. At least one earlier attempt to create a computer animated feature had been tried before Toy Story, the announced movie The Works, which was never finished. Toy Story was the first feature-length completely computer-animated movie released by Disney, and also the first completely computer-animated feature in history.

Toy Story is a computer-generated imagery (CGI) animation film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution in the United States on November 21, 1995, and the United Kingdom on 22 March 1996. This movie has also coined the phrase, "To Infinity and Beyond!". In the movie, Sid, while sleeping, says, "I wanna ride the pony.". In The Warriors video game, a character can be heard muttering, "Mommy, I don't want to ride the pony," in his sleep.

The line "You are a sad, strange little man," uttered by Buzz is referenced in The Santa Clause 2, where Tim Allen (the voice actor of Buzz Lightyear) says the same line. In one scene of Finding Nemo, another Pixar film, a Buzz Lightyear toy can be seen on the floor of a dentist's office. Buzz, Potato, Woody, Sarge, Etch). (e.g.

Debian (a Linux distribution) releases are named after characters from this movie. Molly - Andy's baby sister. Often gets her toys snatched away and tortured by Sid. Hannah (voiced by Sarah Freeman) - Sid's little sister.

Andy's Mom (voiced by Laurie Metcalf) - typical "soccer mom". Sid (voiced by Erik Von Detten) - a boy who delights in torturing toys; he wears a black shirt with a human skull on the front. Andy (voiced by John Charles Morris) - owner of Woody and the rest of the toys. Sarge and his troops frequently help out their fellow toys.

Lee Ermey) - a gung-ho commander of an army of plastic toy soldiers. Sarge (voiced by R. Bo Peep (voiced by Annie Potts) - a shepherdess doll, Woody's romantic interest. Hamm (voiced by John Ratzenberger) - a wise-cracking piggy bank.

Very loyal to Woody. Slinky Dog (voiced by Jim Varney) - a wiener dog with a slinky abdomen. Rex (voiced by Wallace Shawn) - a Tyrannosaurus rex dinosaur toy with a lot of anxiety from an inferiority complex (afraid he is not scary enough). Potato Head doll by Hasbro, Inc.

Potato Head (voiced by Don Rickles) - a Mr. Mr. Buzz was a gift at Andy's birthday party. A new plastic toy with electronic voice, spring loaded wings, laser (a blinking LED) and a rocket ship box.

Buzz Lightyear (voiced by Tim Allen) - a Space Ranger from Star Command. He is Andy's favorite toy, with a special spot on the bed, and as such is the leader of the toys. Woody (voiced by Tom Hanks) - an old-fashioned sheriff rag doll.

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