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This article is about the mineral or gemstone, for other uses see: Topaz (disambiguation).Topaz 4 Carat Oval Shape Topaz Gemstone Ring Enhanced with Azotic(r)Treatment Heart Cut Sky Blue Topaz Ring
The mineral topaz is a silicate of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces, the basal pinacoid often being present. It has an easy and perfect basal cleavage and so gemstones or other fine specimens should be handled with care to avoid developing cleavage flaws. The fracture is conchoidal to uneven. Topaz has a hardness of 8, a specific gravity of 3.4-3.6, and a vitreous lustre. Pure topaz is transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine or straw-yellow. They may also be white, gray, green, blue, or reddish-yellow and transparent or translucent. When heated, yellow topaz often becomes reddish-pink. It can also be irradiated, turning the stone a light and distinctive shade of blue. A recent trend in jewelry is the manufacture of topaz specimens that display iridescent colors, by applying a thin layer of titanium oxide via physical vapor deposition.
Topaz is found associated with the more acid rocks of the granite and rhyolite type and may be found with fluorite and cassiterite. It can be found in the Ural and Ilmen mountains, Czech Republic, Saxony, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, and the United States.
Etymology and historical/mythical usage
The name "topaz" is derived from the Greek topazos, "to seek," which was the name of an island in the Red Sea that was difficult to find and from which a yellow stone (now believed to be a yellowish olivine) was mined in ancient times. In the Middle Ages the name topaz was used to refer to any yellow gemstone, but now the name is only properly applied to the silicate described above.
According to Rebbenu Bachya, the word "Leshem" in the verse Exodus 28:19 means "Topaz" and was the stone on the Ephod representing the tribe of Dan.
Topaz is also the birthstone of November.Example of Heat Treated Topaz-Pink Topaz Pear Cut Ring
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Topaz is also the birthstone of November. This is a partial listing of them:. According to Rebbenu Bachya, the word "Leshem" in the verse Exodus 28:19 means "Topaz" and was the stone on the Ephod representing the tribe of Dan. Many communities of dedicated programmers have taken it upon themselves to patch the old Ultima games to run under modern operating systems, or to remake and/or revise their cherished series with modern gaming engines. In the Middle Ages the name topaz was used to refer to any yellow gemstone, but now the name is only properly applied to the silicate described above.
It can be found in the Ural and Ilmen mountains, Czech Republic, Saxony, Norway, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. Console versions of Ultima have allowed further exposure to the series, especially in Japan where the games have been bestsellers and were accompanied by several tie-in products including manga based on Ultima. Topaz is found associated with the more acid rocks of the granite and rhyolite type and may be found with fluorite and cassiterite. They are The Second Age, Renaissance, Third Dawn, Lord Blackthorn's Revenge, Age of Shadows, Samurai Empire, and Ultima Online: Mondain's Legacy. A recent trend in jewelry is the manufacture of topaz specimens that display iridescent colors, by applying a thin layer of titanium oxide via physical vapor deposition. However, several expansions were released for Ultima Online, adding new features and areas to be explored. It can also be irradiated, turning the stone a light and distinctive shade of blue. UO spawned two sequel efforts that were cancelled before release: Ultima Worlds Online: Origin (cancelled in 2001) and Ultima X: Odyssey (cancelled in 2004).
When heated, yellow topaz often becomes reddish-pink. See Ultima Online for more information. They may also be white, gray, green, blue, or reddish-yellow and transparent or translucent. In Ultima Online, thousands of players interact online in Britannia. Pure topaz is transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine or straw-yellow. A MMORPG version of the world of Britannia. Topaz has a hardness of 8, a specific gravity of 3.4-3.6, and a vitreous lustre. There is also a substantial community of Ultima fans known as the Ultima Dragons.
The fracture is conchoidal to uneven. The creator, Richard Garriott, no longer owns the rights to the game, nor participates in the development. It has an easy and perfect basal cleavage and so gemstones or other fine specimens should be handled with care to avoid developing cleavage flaws. A nickname that fans gave such trinkets is "feelies". It crystallizes in the orthorhombic system and its crystals are mostly prismatic terminated by pyramidal and other faces, the basal pinacoid often being present. Made of metal or glass, they usually represented an important object also found within the game itself. The mineral topaz is a silicate of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. Starting with Ultima IV, small trinkets like pendants, coins and magic stones were found in the boxes.
This article is about the mineral or gemstone, for other uses see: Topaz (disambiguation).. From Ultima II on, every main Ultima game came with a cloth map of the game world. Mineral galleries. The Ultima games were also famous for the trinkets included in the game boxes. Mindat with location data. The earlier Ultima games were ported to many computer types, including 8-bit Atari (Ultima I-IV), Atari ST (Ultima II-VI), Commodore 64 (Ultima I-VI), Commodore Amiga (Ultima III-VI) and IBM PC (Ultima I-V). Webmineral. All the games from Ultima VI on were developed on IBM PC compatible machines.
Ultima I-V were originally developed on and released for the Apple II family of computers. The third and final trilogy (Ultima VII-IX), the "Age of Armageddon" (also known as The Guardian Saga), pits the Avatar against an anti-virtue deity known as the Guardian. The three principles of Truth, Love, and Courage echo the quests of the Scarecrow, Tin Man, and Lion from The Wizard of Oz; though Garriott denies that they were the original source. The eight virtues are loosely based on the Hindu concept of Avatarhood, which involves sixteen paths of purification, with the final (sixteenth) path being to become one with God (according to 'the Official Book of Ultima' by Shay Addams.) The character of the Avatar is basically a Christ figure without any religious overtones.
The character had to attain the eight virtues of honesty, compassion, valor, justice, sacrifice, honor, spirituality and humility. The next three games (Ultima IV-VI), the "Age of Enlightenment" trilogy, add a revolutionary moral element into the fantasy game genre. Ironically the antagonists of the first three games appear to do nothing but reside in their castles, while the protagonist has the option of stealing and murdering. The first three games (Ultima I-III), the "Age of Darkness" trilogy, are the typical "kill the evil overlord" fantasy games.
The Ultima series can be divided in three parts. As time passed, that hero would overcome several obstacles and fight several entities (both in Britannia and in other planes), and gain the title of Avatar, becoming the embodiment of virtues. The ruler of that world is called Lord British, and his pleas would be answered by a stranger coming from another world known only as Earth through a magical portal. Ultima tells the story of a hero who would be summoned by the ruler of a different world known first as Sosaria, later as Britannia, whenever troubles would arise and put in danger the peace of the land.
. Today, Electronic Arts holds the brand. Several games of the series are considered seminal games of their genre. Lord British.
Ultima was created by Richard Garriott, a.k.a. Ultima is a series of fantasy computer role-playing games from Origin Systems, Inc. The Time Lord. Zipactriotl.
Johann Schliemann Spector, a.k.a. Dr. Smith, Iolo's talking horse. Shamino.
Minax. Mondain. Iolo. The Guardian.
Exodus. Dupre. Chuckles. Lord British.
Lord Blackthorn. Beh Lem. Batlin. The Avatar.
EUO (website) - A MORPG based on Ultima IV and Ultima V. It tells the story of several companions of the Avatar who are notably absent from Ultimas after Ultima VII, and their quest to root out Fellowship remnants who have fled to not one, but two of the lost continents of Old Sosaria. Lost Sosaria is an expansion to the Ultima storyline being developed by Withstand the Fury Dragon and Time Immortal. (4-10-2005).
Currently the project is in the pre-planning stage. This game will be developed with the Neverwinter Nights 2 game engine (due for release in 2006) developed by Obsidian Entertainment. The goal of this project is to allow free download of a module template based on the Ultima universe for multiplayer, single player, and hosted DM-lead games. Realms of Ultima is a Persistent World Template project under development by The Grumpy Strumpet.
Ultima: The New King is a planned new adventure chronologically set after Ultima IX. Ultima IX: Redemption is an effort to create an alternative Ultima IX, writing a new ending to the series "for the fans". Titans of Ether merges two former development efforts, both based on Morrowind game engine. Currently in pre-alpha, but they have released a demo of their technical systems.
The Ultima VI Project - a remake of Ultima VI also using the Dungeon Siege engine. The game was released on the 22nd of December, 2005. Ultima V: Lazarus - A remake of Ultima V by voluntary programmers using the Microsoft Dungeon Siege engine. Currently abandoned.
The System Shock Hack Project - An open-source, work-in-progress portable Ultima Underworld (and System Shock) engine. Underworld Adventures - An open-source, work-in-progress portable Ultima Underworld engine. Pentagram (website) - An open-source, work-in-progress portable Ultima VIII engine (may later work with Crusader games, too). Exult (website) - An open-source, portable Ultima VII: The Black Gate and Serpent Isle engine (works with the expansions as well).
Nuvie - An open-source, work-in-progress portable Ultima VI engine (works with Savage Empire and Martian Dreams, too). nu5 - A planned open-source, portable Ultima V engine. xu4 - An open-source, portable Ultima IV engine. u3project - An open-source, work-in-progress portable Ultima III engine.
Ultima Classics Revisited - An open-source, work-in-progress portable engine, currently covering Akalabeth (complete) and Ultima I (partial). Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss (PlayStation) — Released in Japan only. Japan only, cancelled in the US. Ultima: The Savage Empire (SNES) — A graphical update using the Black Gate engine for the SNES.
Includes plot changes and reduction in violence. Ultima: The Black Gate (SNES) — Gameplay adapted for the game pad. Includes plot changes and reduction in violence. Ultima: The False Prophet (SNES) — Gameplay adapted for the game pad.
Ultima: Runes of Virtue 2 (Game Boy, SNES). The antagonist is called the "Black Knight.". Ultima: Runes of Virtue (Game Boy) — Non-canonical, action based gameplay and puzzle solving. Ultima: Warriors of Destiny (NES).
Ultima: Quest of the Avatar (NES, Master System). Ultima: Exodus (NES). Ultima X: Odyssey (cancelled in 2004). Worlds of Ultima III: Arthurian Legends (cancelled in 1993).
Ultima Underworld II: Labyrinth of Worlds (1992). Ultima Underworld: The Stygian Abyss (1991). Ultima Underworld:
Worlds of Ultima: Savage Empire (1990). Worlds of Ultima:
Akalabeth (1980). Ultima IX: Ascension (1999). Ultima VIII: Pagan (1994). Ultima VII, released in two parts, The Black Gate (1992) and Serpent Isle (1993).
Ultima VI: The False Prophet (1990). Ultima V: Warriors of Destiny (1988). Ultima IV: Quest of the Avatar (1985). Ultima III: Exodus (1983).
Ultima II:The Revenge of the Enchantress (1982). Ultima I: The First Age of Darkness (1981).