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Tommy Hilfiger

Thomas Jacob "Tommy" Hilfiger (born in Elmira, New York, on March 24, 1951) is a world-famous fashion designer best known for his eponymous "Tommy Hilfiger" and "Tommy" brands.

Tommy Hilfiger logo.

Hilfiger grew up one of nine children in an Irish Catholic family in Elmira, a small town close to Cornell University. He is a graduate of Elmira Free Academy. His initial foray into fashion was a store, The People's Place. The store was a big draw for the local teen crowd in Elmira because it often held live broadcasts from local radio personalities, sold rock and roll related clothing including Kiss and Aerosmith belt buckles, and had a discreet head shop upstairs which sold drug related paraphernalia such as bongs, roach clips, and incense. After the business went bankrupt, Hilfiger moved to New York City in 1979 to pursue a career as a fashion designer.

The building in which The People's Place was located was torn down in the late 1990s to make way for First Arena, home to the United Hockey League's Elmira Jackals. Hilfiger reportedly contributed funding to the building of the arena, but declined to have it named after him, according to news reports from the time of construction.

In 1984, he founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation (NYSE:TOM), introducing his signature menswear collection. By 2004 the company had 5,400 employees and revenues in excess of $1.8 billion. Hilfiger was named Menswear Designer of the Year by the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 1995. In August 2005 Hilfiger announced he was selling his company. The company was purchased by Apax Partners for $1.6 billion, or $16.80 a share, all in cash.

In 2005, a CBS TV reality show called The Cut tracked the progress of sixteen contestants as they competed for a design job with Hilfiger in similar fashion to Donald Trump's The Apprentice. In the end Hilfiger chose Chris Cortez.

Hilfiger is married and has four children. His daughter Ally Hilfiger was featured in the MTV reality show Rich Girls.

Criticisms

Hilfiger has been criticised for manufacturing clothes in sweatshop conditions in the US territory of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. As a US Commonwealth, clothes made there can be labeled "Made in the USA" but federal labor laws including the minimum wage do not apply. In March 2000, the company (along with other defendants) settled a class action suit brought by Saipan garment workers which had alleged that their working conditions amounted to indentured servitude. [1]

In 2000, a false rumour circulated on the internet that Hilfiger had made a racist remark on The Oprah Winfrey Show along the lines that he didn't want Asians wearing his clothing. [2] Despite this being proven false, continued negative perceptions of Hilfiger as a fashion profiteer are reflected by his being unflatteringly portrayed as "Timmi Hilnigger" in the Spike Lee feature film Bamboozled.

Additional products

True Star is a fragrance created by Tommy Hilfiger along with spokesperson Beyoncé Knowles. Hilfiger has also released True Star Gold.


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Hilfiger has also released True Star Gold. Other names for tourmalines:. True Star is a fragrance created by Tommy Hilfiger along with spokesperson Beyoncé Knowles. Ironically the rarest variety, colourless achroite, is not appreciated and is the least expensive of the transparent tourmalines. [2] Despite this being proven false, continued negative perceptions of Hilfiger as a fashion profiteer are reflected by his being unflatteringly portrayed as "Timmi Hilnigger" in the Spike Lee feature film Bamboozled. In jewellery, blue indicolite is the most expensive, followed by green verdelite and pink rubellite. In 2000, a false rumour circulated on the internet that Hilfiger had made a racist remark on The Oprah Winfrey Show along the lines that he didn't want Asians wearing his clothing. Tourmaline is used in jewelry, pressure gauges, and specialist microphones.

[1]. Also, tourmaline is a durable mineral and can be found in minor amounts as grains in sandstone and conglomerate. In March 2000, the company (along with other defendants) settled a class action suit brought by Saipan garment workers which had alleged that their working conditions amounted to indentured servitude. Magnesium-rich tourmalines, dravites, are generally restricted to schists and marble. As a US Commonwealth, clothes made there can be labeled "Made in the USA" but federal labor laws including the minimum wage do not apply. Schorl and lithium-rich tourmalines are usually found in granite and granite pegmatite. Hilfiger has been criticised for manufacturing clothes in sweatshop conditions in the US territory of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. Igneous rocks, in particular granite and granite pegmatite and in metamorphic rocks such as schist and marble.

His daughter Ally Hilfiger was featured in the MTV reality show Rich Girls. Tourmaline is found in two main geological occurrences. Hilfiger is married and has four children. The meaning of the word "schorl" is a mystery, but it may be a Scandinavian word. In the end Hilfiger chose Chris Cortez. The word tourmaline is a corruption of the Sinhalese word turamali, meaning "stone attracting ash" (a reference to its pyroelectric properties). In 2005, a CBS TV reality show called The Cut tracked the progress of sixteen contestants as they competed for a design job with Hilfiger in similar fashion to Donald Trump's The Apprentice. It may account for 95% or more of all tourmaline in nature.

The company was purchased by Apax Partners for $1.6 billion, or $16.80 a share, all in cash. The most common variety of tourmaline is schorl, first described by Mathesius in 1524. In August 2005 Hilfiger announced he was selling his company. Some forms of tourmaline are dichroic, in that they appear to change color when viewed from different directions. Hilfiger was named Menswear Designer of the Year by the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 1995. Crystals may be green at one end and pink at the other, or green on the outside and pink inside: this type is called watermelon tourmaline. By 2004 the company had 5,400 employees and revenues in excess of $1.8 billion. Bi-colored and multicoloured crystals are relatively common, reflecting variations of fluid chemistry during crystalisation.

In 1984, he founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation (NYSE:TOM), introducing his signature menswear collection. Rarely, it is colourless. Hilfiger reportedly contributed funding to the building of the arena, but declined to have it named after him, according to news reports from the time of construction. Usually, iron-rich tourmalines are black to bluish-black to deep brown, while magnesium-rich varieties are brown to yellow, and lithium-rich tourmalines are practically any color: blue, green, red, yellow, pink etc. The building in which The People's Place was located was torn down in the late 1990s to make way for First Arena, home to the United Hockey League's Elmira Jackals. Tourmaline has a wide variety of colors. After the business went bankrupt, Hilfiger moved to New York City in 1979 to pursue a career as a fashion designer. At the time it was not realised that schorl and tourmaline were the same mineral.

The store was a big draw for the local teen crowd in Elmira because it often held live broadcasts from local radio personalities, sold rock and roll related clothing including Kiss and Aerosmith belt buckles, and had a discreet head shop upstairs which sold drug related paraphernalia such as bongs, roach clips, and incense. Brightly coloured Sri Lankan gem tourmalines were brought to Europe in great quantities by the Dutch East India Company to satisfy demand as curios and gems. His initial foray into fashion was a store, The People's Place. Tourmaline's unusual electrical properties made it famous in the early 18th century. He is a graduate of Elmira Free Academy. Due to this effect, tourmaline crystals in collections may attract unsightly coatings of dust when displayed under hot spotlights. Hilfiger grew up one of nine children in an Irish Catholic family in Elmira, a small town close to Cornell University. Tourmaline crystals when warmed become positively charged at one end and negatively charged at the other.

Thomas Jacob "Tommy" Hilfiger (born in Elmira, New York, on March 24, 1951) is a world-famous fashion designer best known for his eponymous "Tommy Hilfiger" and "Tommy" brands. All hemimorphic crystals are piezoelectric, and are often pyroelectric as well. The deposit was discovered in the 1970s, but is now exhausted. An exception was the fine dravite tourmalines of Yinnietharra, in western Australia. Tourmaline is rarely perfectly euhedral.

Prisms faces often have heavy vertical striations that produce a rounded triangular effect. Tourmaline is distinguished by its three-sided prisms; no other common mineral has three sides. Small slender prismatic crystals are common in a fine-grained granite called aplite, often forming radial daisy-like patterns. Interestingly, the style of termination at the ends of crystals is asymmetrical, called hemimorphism.

Tourmaline belongs to the trigonal crystal system and occurs as long, slender to thick prismatic and columnar crystals that are usually triangular in cross-section. It is a complex silicate of aluminium and boron, but because of isomorphous replacement (solid solution), its composition varies widely with sodium, calcium, iron, magnesium, lithium and other elements entering into the structure. The tourmaline mineral group is chemically one of the most complicated groups of silicate minerals. Mineral galleries Accessed 9/12/2005.

Mindat tourmaline group Accessed 9/12/2005. Tourmaline classification Accessed 9/12/2005. Colorless - achroite (from the Greek for "colorless"). Green - verdelite or Brazilian emerald.

Light blue - Brazilian sapphire. Dark blue - indicolite (from indigo). Rose or pink - rubellite (from ruby). Elbaite subgroup: named after the island of Elba, Italy

    .

    Black - schorl. Schorl subgroup:

      . Brown - dravite (from the Drave district of Carinthia). Dravite subgroup:
        .

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