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Tommy Hilfiger

Thomas Jacob "Tommy" Hilfiger (born in Elmira, New York, on March 24, 1951) is a world-famous fashion designer best known for his eponymous "Tommy Hilfiger" and "Tommy" brands.

Tommy Hilfiger logo.

Hilfiger grew up one of nine children in an Irish Catholic family in Elmira, a small town close to Cornell University. He is a graduate of Elmira Free Academy. His initial foray into fashion was a store, The People's Place. The store was a big draw for the local teen crowd in Elmira because it often held live broadcasts from local radio personalities, sold rock and roll related clothing including Kiss and Aerosmith belt buckles, and had a discreet head shop upstairs which sold drug related paraphernalia such as bongs, roach clips, and incense. After the business went bankrupt, Hilfiger moved to New York City in 1979 to pursue a career as a fashion designer.

The building in which The People's Place was located was torn down in the late 1990s to make way for First Arena, home to the United Hockey League's Elmira Jackals. Hilfiger reportedly contributed funding to the building of the arena, but declined to have it named after him, according to news reports from the time of construction.

In 1984, he founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation (NYSE:TOM), introducing his signature menswear collection. By 2004 the company had 5,400 employees and revenues in excess of $1.8 billion. Hilfiger was named Menswear Designer of the Year by the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 1995. In August 2005 Hilfiger announced he was selling his company. The company was purchased by Apax Partners for $1.6 billion, or $16.80 a share, all in cash.

In 2005, a CBS TV reality show called The Cut tracked the progress of sixteen contestants as they competed for a design job with Hilfiger in similar fashion to Donald Trump's The Apprentice. In the end Hilfiger chose Chris Cortez.

Hilfiger is married and has four children. His daughter Ally Hilfiger was featured in the MTV reality show Rich Girls.

Criticisms

Hilfiger has been criticised for manufacturing clothes in sweatshop conditions in the US territory of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. As a US Commonwealth, clothes made there can be labeled "Made in the USA" but federal labor laws including the minimum wage do not apply. In March 2000, the company (along with other defendants) settled a class action suit brought by Saipan garment workers which had alleged that their working conditions amounted to indentured servitude. [1]

In 2000, a false rumour circulated on the internet that Hilfiger had made a racist remark on The Oprah Winfrey Show along the lines that he didn't want Asians wearing his clothing. [2] Despite this being proven false, continued negative perceptions of Hilfiger as a fashion profiteer are reflected by his being unflatteringly portrayed as "Timmi Hilnigger" in the Spike Lee feature film Bamboozled.

Additional products

True Star is a fragrance created by Tommy Hilfiger along with spokesperson Beyoncé Knowles. Hilfiger has also released True Star Gold.


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Hilfiger has also released True Star Gold. See articles Stereoscopy and 3-D film. True Star is a fragrance created by Tommy Hilfiger along with spokesperson Beyoncé Knowles. The first commercially available HD players are expected to debut at the 2006 NAB Show in Las Vegas in April. [2] Despite this being proven false, continued negative perceptions of Hilfiger as a fashion profiteer are reflected by his being unflatteringly portrayed as "Timmi Hilnigger" in the Spike Lee feature film Bamboozled. New HD DVD and HD Blu-ray disks will greatly improve the 3D effect, in color coded stereo programs. In 2000, a false rumour circulated on the internet that Hilfiger had made a racist remark on The Oprah Winfrey Show along the lines that he didn't want Asians wearing his clothing. Simple Red/Cyan plastic glasses provide the means to view the images discreetly to form a stereoscopic view of the content.

[1]. This left and right layer technique is occasionally used for network broadcast, or recent "anaglyph" releases of 3D movies on DVD. In March 2000, the company (along with other defendants) settled a class action suit brought by Saipan garment workers which had alleged that their working conditions amounted to indentured servitude. Stereoscopic video requires either two channels — a right channel for the right eye and a left channel for the left eye or two overlayed color coded layers. As a US Commonwealth, clothes made there can be labeled "Made in the USA" but federal labor laws including the minimum wage do not apply. in videoconferencing delivered on channels of fixed bandwidth, a constant bit rate (CBR) must be used. Hilfiger has been criticised for manufacturing clothes in sweatshop conditions in the US territory of Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. For real-time and non-buffered video streaming when the available bandwidth is fixed, e.g.

His daughter Ally Hilfiger was featured in the MTV reality show Rich Girls. On fast motion scenes, a variable bit rate uses more bits than it does on slow motion scenes of similar duration yet achieves a consistent visual quality. Hilfiger is married and has four children. Variable bit rate (VBR) is a strategy to maximize the visual video quality and minimize the bit rate. In the end Hilfiger chose Chris Cortez. HDTV has a still higher quality, with a bit rate of 10 Mbit/s. In 2005, a CBS TV reality show called The Cut tracked the progress of sixteen contestants as they competed for a design job with Hilfiger in similar fashion to Donald Trump's The Apprentice. For example, VHS, with a bit rate of about 1 Mbit/s, is lower quality than DVD, with a bit rate of about 5 Mbit/s.

The company was purchased by Apax Partners for $1.6 billion, or $16.80 a share, all in cash. A higher bit rate allows better video quality. In August 2005 Hilfiger announced he was selling his company. It is quantified using the bit per second (bit/s) unit or Megabits per second (Mbit/s). Hilfiger was named Menswear Designer of the Year by the Council of Fashion Designers of America in 1995. Bit rate is a measure of the rate of information content in a video stream. By 2004 the company had 5,400 employees and revenues in excess of $1.8 billion. The most common modern standards are MPEG-2, used for DVD and satellite television, and MPEG-4, used for home video.

In 1984, he founded the Tommy Hilfiger Corporation (NYSE:TOM), introducing his signature menswear collection. Likewise, temporal redundancy can be reduced by registering differences between frames; this task is known as interframe compression, including motion compensation and other techniques. Hilfiger reportedly contributed funding to the building of the arena, but declined to have it named after him, according to news reports from the time of construction. Broadly speaking, spatial redundancy is reduced by registering differences between parts of a single frame; this task is known as intraframe compression and is closely related to image compression. The building in which The People's Place was located was torn down in the late 1990s to make way for First Arena, home to the United Hockey League's Elmira Jackals. Video data contains spatial and temporal redundancy, making uncompressed video streams extremely inefficient. After the business went bankrupt, Hilfiger moved to New York City in 1979 to pursue a career as a fashion designer. A wide variety of methods are used to compress video streams.

The store was a big draw for the local teen crowd in Elmira because it often held live broadcasts from local radio personalities, sold rock and roll related clothing including Kiss and Aerosmith belt buckles, and had a discreet head shop upstairs which sold drug related paraphernalia such as bongs, roach clips, and incense. The expert then rates the impaired video using a scale ranging from "impairments are imperceptible" to "impairments are very annoying". His initial foray into fashion was a store, The People's Place. In DSIS, each expert views an unimpaired reference video followed by an impaired version of the same video. He is a graduate of Elmira Free Academy. One of the standardized method is the Double Stimulus Impairment Scale (DSIS). Hilfiger grew up one of nine children in an Irish Catholic family in Elmira, a small town close to Cornell University. Many subjective video quality methods are described in the ITU-T recommendation BT.500.

Thomas Jacob "Tommy" Hilfiger (born in Elmira, New York, on March 24, 1951) is a world-famous fashion designer best known for his eponymous "Tommy Hilfiger" and "Tommy" brands. The subjective video quality of a video processing system may be evaluated as follows:. Video quality can be measured with formal metrics like PSNR or with subjective video quality using expert observation. 4:4:4, 4:2:2, 4:2:0). A common way to reduce the number of bits per pixel in digital video is by chroma subsampling (e.g.

The number of distinct colours that can be represented by a pixel depends on the number of bits per pixel (bpp). It corresponds closely to the YUV scheme used in PAL television and the YDbDr scheme used by SÉCAM television. YIQ is used in NTSC television. Color model name describes the video color representation.

Pixels on computer monitors are usually square, but pixels used in digital video have non-square aspect ratios, such as those used in the PAL and NTSC variants of the CCIR 601 digital video standard, and the corresponding anamorphic widescreen formats. The aspect ratio of a full 35 mm film frame with soundtrack (also known as "Academy standard") is around 1.37:1. High definition televisions use an aspect ratio of 16:9, or about 1.78:1. The screen aspect ratio of a traditional television screen is 4:3, or 1.33:1.

Aspect ratio describes the dimensions of video screens and video picture elements. For example 512×512×512 voxels resolution, now used for simple 3D-video, can be displayed even on some PDAs. Video resolution for 3D-video is measured in voxels (volume picture element, representing a value in three dimensional space). 1920 pixels per scan line by 1080 scan lines, progressive, at 60 frames per second.

New high-definition televisions (HDTV) are capable of resolutions up to 1920×1080p60, i.e. Standard-definition television (SDTV) is specified as 640×480i60 for NTSC and 720×576i50 for PAL or SÉCAM resolution. The size of a video image is measured in pixels for digital video or horizontal scan lines for analog video. Deinterlacing inevitably decreases video quality.

A procedure known as deinterlacing can be used for converting an interlaced stream, such as analog, DVD, or satellite, to be processed by progressive scan devices, such as TFT TV-sets, projectors, and plasma panels. The result is a much higher perceived resolution. In progressive scan systems, each frame includes all of the scan lines. For example, PAL video format is often specified as 576i50, where 576 indicates the horizontal resolution, i indicates interlacing, and 50 indicates 50 (single-field) frames per second.

Abbreviated video resolution specifications often include an i to indicate interlacing. NTSC, PAL and SECAM are interlaced formats. The horizontal scan lines of each interlaced frame are numbered consecutively and partitioned into two fields: the odd field consisting of the odd-numbered lines and the even field consisting of the even-numbered lines. Interlacing was invented as a way to achieve good visual quality within the limitations of a narrow bandwidth.

Video can be interlaced or progressive. To achieve the illusion of a moving image, the minimum frame rate is about ten frames per second. PAL (Europe, Asia, Australia, etc.) and SECAM (France, Russia, parts of Africa etc.) standards specify 25 fps, while NTSC (USA, Canada, Japan, etc.) specifies 30 fps. Frame rate, the number of still pictures per unit of time of video, ranges from six or eight frames per second (fps) for old mechanical cameras to 120 or more frames per second for new professional cameras.

In the UK, the term video is often used informally to refer to both video recorders and video cassettes; the meaning is normally clear from the context. The format of 3D-video is fixed in MPEG-4 Part 16 Animation Framework eXtension (AFX). Six or eight cameras with realtime depth measurement are typically used to capture 3D-video streams. 3D-video, digital video in three dimensions, premiered at the end of 20th century.

(See List of digital television deployments by country.). Digital television (DTV) is a relatively recent format with higher quality than earlier television formats and has become a standard for television video. Quality of video essentially depends on the capturing method and storage used. Video can be recorded and transmitted in various physical media: in celluloid film when recorded by mechanical cameras, in PAL or NTSC electric signals when recorded by video cameras, or in MPEG-4 or DV digital media when recorded by digital cameras.

The term video (from the Latin for "I see") commonly refers to several storage formats for moving pictures: digital video formats, including DVD, QuickTime, and MPEG-4; and analog videotapes, including VHS and Betamax. . Video is the technology of capturing, recording, processing, transmitting, and reconstructing moving pictures, typically using celluloid film, electronic signals, or digital media. Calculate the average marks for each HRC based on the experts' ratings.

Carry out testing. Invite a sufficient number of experts, preferably not fewer than 15. Choose a test method for how to present video sequences to experts and to collect their ratings. Choose the settings of the system to evaluate (the HRC).

Choose the video sequences (the SRC) to use for testing.

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