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Tom Waits

Thomas Alan Waits, (born December 7, 1949) is an American composer, singer, musician and actor.

Early Career

Born in Pomona, California, Waits' recording career began in 1971, after he relocated to Los Angeles and signed with Herb Cohen, manager of Frank Zappa, among others. After numerous abortive recording sessions, his first record, the melancholic, country-tinged Closing Time (1973) received warm reviews, but he first gained national attention when his "Ol' 55" was recorded by The Eagles in 1974. The Heart of Saturday Night showed his roots as a nightclub singer, half speaking and half crooning ballads, often with a soft jazz background. The 1975 album Nighthawks at the Diner, recorded in a studio but with a small audience to capture the ambience of a live show, captures this phase of his career, including the lengthy spoken interludes between songs that punctuated his live act.

Small Change (1976) featuring famed drummer Shelly Manne, was jazzier still, and songs such as "The Piano Has Been Drinking" and "Bad Liver and a Broken Heart" cemented his hard living reputation, with a lyrical style pitched somewhere between Raymond Chandler and Charles Bukowski. Foreign Affairs (1977) and Blue Valentine (1978) were in a similar vein, but showed further refinement of his artistic voice. 1980 saw the commencement of a long working relationship with Francis Ford Coppola, who asked him to provide music for his film One From The Heart. Waits would also act in Coppola's Rumblefish, The Outsiders, The Cotton Club and Dracula (as the insane Renfield), and work with such directors as Jim Jarmusch and Robert Altman. In August 1980, he married Kathleen Brennan, whom he had met on the set of One From The Heart. With his wife, he wrote and performed in Big Time, a slightly surreal concert movie. His wife is regularly credited as co-author of many songs on his later released albums, and is often cited by Waits as a major influence on his work.

1980s and later

After he left Asylum Records for Island Records in 1983, his music became less mainstream. His trio of albums from the mid-1980s, Swordfishtrombones, Rain Dogs and Frank's Wild Years, all featured some degree of eclectic instrumentation -- Waits' self described "Junkyard Orchestra"--often marrying soul music horn sections to avant-garde percussion reminiscent of Harry Partch's, or the distorted guitar of Marc Ribot. He also gradually altered his singing style, sounding less like the late-night crooner of the 70s, instead adopting a gravelly voice reminiscent of Howling Wolf and Captain Beefheart. The last of these albums -- an off-Broadway musical co-written with his wife -- and the later collaboration with William S. Burroughs on The Black Rider both demonstrated the increasing interest in theatre, which has resulted in a somewhat successful acting career as well as soundtrack work.

In the popular perception, however, he and his work remain mostly characterised by his rocky voice, his strong personality and theatrical presence on stage and the "late night smoky bars" humour of his texts ("I'd rather have a free bottle in front of me than a pre-frontal lobotomy."). Waits has been reported as having bipolar disorder. In essence, however, and despite his songs having been covered by famous stars such as Bruce Springsteen and Rod Stewart, Waits remains a cult performer, steadfastly outside the mainstream.

Lawsuits

Waits has steadfastly refused to allow the use of his songs in commercials and has filed several lawsuits against advertisers who used his material without permission. The first lawsuit was filed in 1988 against Frito Lay, and resulted in a US$2.6 million judgement in Waits' favor. Frito Lay had approached Waits to use one of his songs in an advertisement. Waits declined the offer, and Frito Lay hired a Waits soundalike to sing a jingle similar to "Step Right Up," which is, ironically, a song Waits has called "an indictment of advertising." [1] (http://www.joe.trussell.com/waits/frito_lay.html) ("Step Right Up" concludes with the lyric "What the large print giveth, the small print taketh away").

In 1993, Levi's used Screamin' Jay Hawkins' version of Waits' "Heartattack and Vine" in a commercial. Waits sued, and Levis agreed to cease all use of the song, and offered a full page apology in Billboard Magazine. [2] (http://www.keeslau.com/TomWaitsSupplement/Copyright/copyrightwaitslevis.htm)

In 2000, an Audi commercial broadcast in Spain featured music very similar to Waits' "Innocent When You Dream", after Waits first had declined when they approached him about using the original. A Spanish court recognized there had been a violation of Waits’s moral rights, in addition to the infringement of copyright [3] (http://www.anti.com/news.php?newsid=86715). The production company, Tandem Campany Guasch, was ordered to pay compensation to Waits through his Spanish publisher.

Discography

Major releases


+ Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album


^ Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album

Collections

  • 1983 Anthology of Tom Waits (Elektra)
  • 1991 The Early Years, Volume One
  • 1993 The Early Years, Volume Two
  • 1998 Beautiful Maladies: The Island Years

Contributions

  • 1991 Sailing the Seas of Cheese, by Primus: Waits does character vocals on Tommy The Cat
  • 1992 Beautiful Mess, by Thelonious Monster: Waits appears as a guest singer on Adios Lounge
  • 1993 Jesus Blood Never Failed Me Yet, by Gavin Bryars: Waits appears as guest singer
  • 1999 Antipop, by Primus: Waits does vocals on Coattails of a Deadman
  • 2000 Helium, by Tin Hat Trio: Waits appears as guest singer on Helium Reprise
  • 2001 It's A Wonderful Life, by Sparklehorse: Waits does vocals on "Dog Door"
  • 2002 For the Kids by various artists: Waits performs the lullaby "Bring Down the Branches"
  • 2004 The Ride by Los Lobos: Waits does vocals on the track "Kitate"
  • 2004 The Late Great Daniel Johnston by various artists: Waits covers Johnston's "King Kong"

Tribute albums

  • 1995 Temptation, Holly Cole
  • 1995 Step Right Up, various artists
  • 2000 New Coat of Paint, various artists
  • 2001 Wicked Grin, John Hammond
  • 2004 Step Right Up: The Songs of Tom Waits, various artists

Filmography

  • 1978 Movie debut as 'Mumbles' in Paradise Alley.
  • 1980 Worked with Francis Ford Coppola on the soundtrack to One From The Heart.
  • 1982 Soundtrack of One From The Heart. Nominated for an Academy Award for best original score.
    • Played petrified man in carnival in The Stone Boy.
  • 1983 Played Buck Merrill in The Outsiders.
    • Played Bennie the pool hall owner in Rumble Fish.
  • 1984 Played Irving Stark in The Cotton Club.
  • 1986 Starred as Zack in Down by Law.
  • 1987 Played Rudy The Kraut in Ironweed.
    • Played Al Silk in Candy Mountain.
  • 1989 Played the 'Punch & Judy Man' in Bearskin: An Urban Fairytale.
    • Starred as Kenny the Hitman in Cold Feet.
    • Voice of the radio DJ in Mystery Train. Composer on Sea of Love
  • 1990 Played a plainclothes policeman in The Two Jakes.
  • 1991 Played Wolf in At Play in the Fields of the Lord.
    • Played a disabled Veteran beggar in The Fisher King.
    • Wrote the score of Night on Earth (With Kathleen Brennan).
    • Played Monte in Queens Logic.
  • 1992 Composer (With Kathleen Brennan) on American Heart.
    • Played R.M. Renfield in Bram Stoker's Dracula.
    • Played Earl Piggott in Short Cuts.
  • 1996 Composer on soundtrack of Dead Man Walking.
    • Composer on soundtrack of The End of Violence.
  • 1999 Mystery Men -- played an inventor who specialized in non-lethal weapons.
  • 2003 Appeared in conversation with Iggy Pop in Coffee and Cigarettes: Somewhere In America.
  • 2004 Composer (with Kathleen Brennan) on soundtrack of "Shrek 2"

Tours

  • 1973 Closing Time touring
  • 1974-1975 The Heart Of Saturday Night touring
  • 1975-1976 Small Change touring
  • 1977 Foreign Affairs touring
  • 1978-1979 Blue Valentine touring
  • 1980-1982 Heartattack and Vine touring
  • 1985 Rain Dogs touring
  • 1987 Big Time touring
  • 1999 Get Behind The Mule Tour
  • 2004 Real Gone Tour

See also:

  • Kazik Staszewski, Polish artist extensively covering Waits
  • Holly Cole, Canadian artist covering Waits' songs in jazz style

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^ Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album. The highest position in the US charts was #41 for "Angels".
+ Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album. Coincidental or not, much of what is written is utterly made up and probably attributable to a phalanx of publicity agents hired to get Williams's name in the papers when he is trying to market something to the public. A Spanish court recognized there had been a violation of Waits’s moral rights, in addition to the infringement of copyright [3] (http://www.anti.com/news.php?newsid=86715). The production company, Tandem Campany Guasch, was ordered to pay compensation to Waits through his Spanish publisher. Bearing in mind the persistent rumours about his sexuality and the appearance of so many column inches devoted to Williams's real or imagined romantic conquests, whether gay or straight, it is interesting to note that these accounts typically coincide with the release of a latest album, single, or live performance. In 2000, an Audi commercial broadcast in Spain featured music very similar to Waits' "Innocent When You Dream", after Waits first had declined when they approached him about using the original. A regular feature of his live performances is full-on french kisses with female fans plucked from the audience.

[2] (http://www.keeslau.com/TomWaitsSupplement/Copyright/copyrightwaitslevis.htm). Williams seems to encourage an image as a womanizer and there are numerous widely-circulated Internet accounts,http://www.robbiewilliams.nu/ allegedly written by Williams's female sexual partners, extolling his considerable prowess as a lover. Waits sued, and Levis agreed to cease all use of the song, and offered a full page apology in Billboard Magazine. Speculation about his sexuality and romantic life is rampant in the British media. In 1993, Levi's used Screamin' Jay Hawkins' version of Waits' "Heartattack and Vine" in a commercial. Williams is single and lives in Los Angeles, California. Waits declined the offer, and Frito Lay hired a Waits soundalike to sing a jingle similar to "Step Right Up," which is, ironically, a song Waits has called "an indictment of advertising." [1] (http://www.joe.trussell.com/waits/frito_lay.html) ("Step Right Up" concludes with the lyric "What the large print giveth, the small print taketh away"). And in February 2005, Williams received the British music industry's award for the best song of the past quarter century, "Angels," the song William credits with giving him a career.

Frito Lay had approached Waits to use one of his songs in an advertisement. The "Greatest Hits" album, released on 18th October, 2004, became one of the UK's biggest selling albums of all times. The first lawsuit was filed in 1988 against Frito Lay, and resulted in a US$2.6 million judgement in Waits' favor. Another Duffy-Williams collaboration, "Misunderstood" appeared on the soundtrack of the "Bridget Jones Diary" sequel, "The Edge of Reason." and hit the charts at number eight. Waits has steadfastly refused to allow the use of his songs in commercials and has filed several lawsuits against advertisers who used his material without permission. Armed with a new songwriting partner, Steven Duffy, Williams penned several new songs, including "Radio." In its first week of release, selling just over 40,000 copies, the single "Radio" went straight to number one. In essence, however, and despite his songs having been covered by famous stars such as Bruce Springsteen and Rod Stewart, Waits remains a cult performer, steadfastly outside the mainstream. But Williams proved the naysayers wrong.

Waits has been reported as having bipolar disorder. The end of that partnership led to much speculation that Williams career was finished without Chambers. In the popular perception, however, he and his work remain mostly characterised by his rocky voice, his strong personality and theatrical presence on stage and the "late night smoky bars" humour of his texts ("I'd rather have a free bottle in front of me than a pre-frontal lobotomy."). The Chris Heath biography, an instant bestseller, reveals why Williams severed all professional ties with with his long-time songwriter partner, Guy Chambers. The last of these albums -- an off-Broadway musical co-written with his wife -- and the later collaboration with William S. Burroughs on The Black Rider both demonstrated the increasing interest in theatre, which has resulted in a somewhat successful acting career as well as soundtrack work. Leading up to Knebworth, in December 2003, Williams toured Australia and New Zealand with Duran Duran. He also gradually altered his singing style, sounding less like the late-night crooner of the 70s, instead adopting a gravelly voice reminiscent of Howling Wolf and Captain Beefheart. An official biography by Chris Heath "Feel", published in 2004, chronicled events that led up to to the Live Summer Tour 2003, during which Williams performed live to more than a million people over three days in August at Knebworth Park in Hertfordshire; while 3.5 million more watched live on television and on the Internet.

His trio of albums from the mid-1980s, Swordfishtrombones, Rain Dogs and Frank's Wild Years, all featured some degree of eclectic instrumentation -- Waits' self described "Junkyard Orchestra"--often marrying soul music horn sections to avant-garde percussion reminiscent of Harry Partch's, or the distorted guitar of Marc Ribot. in 2002, the UK public voted Williams to be on the BBC's list of the 100 Greatest Britons. After he left Asylum Records for Island Records in 1983, his music became less mainstream. The video also showed unsettling images of insects and reptiles. His wife is regularly credited as co-author of many songs on his later released albums, and is often cited by Waits as a major influence on his work. The video for the next "Escapology" single, "Come Undone," was censored by MTV Networks Europe for depicting a debauched (but fully-clothed) Williams having a three-way with two women sex. With his wife, he wrote and performed in Big Time, a slightly surreal concert movie. The first single from it, "Feel," was a huge European hit.

In August 1980, he married Kathleen Brennan, whom he had met on the set of One From The Heart. However, they reunited six months later to work on the next album, Escapology, which was released in late 2002. Waits would also act in Coppola's Rumblefish, The Outsiders, The Cotton Club and Dracula (as the insane Renfield), and work with such directors as Jim Jarmusch and Robert Altman. In 2002 he stopped working with his long-term writing partner Guy Chambers. 1980 saw the commencement of a long working relationship with Francis Ford Coppola, who asked him to provide music for his film One From The Heart. Williams' cover of the Bobby Darin classic "Beyond the Sea" was included in the Finding Nemo soundtrack. Foreign Affairs (1977) and Blue Valentine (1978) were in a similar vein, but showed further refinement of his artistic voice. In 2002 he released an album called Swing When You're Winning in which his image was tamed down and he sang jazz, blues and pop standards from the fifties.

Small Change (1976) featuring famed drummer Shelly Manne, was jazzier still, and songs such as "The Piano Has Been Drinking" and "Bad Liver and a Broken Heart" cemented his hard living reputation, with a lyrical style pitched somewhere between Raymond Chandler and Charles Bukowski. His global success was cemented after a duet cover version of the Frank and Nancy Sinatra song "Somethin' Stupid" with Australian actress Nicole Kidman, who was fresh off of her Oscar-nomnated performance in Moulin Rouge. The 1975 album Nighthawks at the Diner, recorded in a studio but with a small audience to capture the ambience of a live show, captures this phase of his career, including the lengthy spoken interludes between songs that punctuated his live act. Williams has built quite a reputation for appearing nude (or nearly nude) in photographs, videos and live performances. The Heart of Saturday Night showed his roots as a nightclub singer, half speaking and half crooning ballads, often with a soft jazz background. The video's ending was cut by many TV stations around the world and the whole video was forbidden in some countries (VH1 Europe even made their own video out of recording studio footage). After numerous abortive recording sessions, his first record, the melancholic, country-tinged Closing Time (1973) received warm reviews, but he first gained national attention when his "Ol' 55" was recorded by The Eagles in 1974. It is said that the frontal nudity was edited out in the US while the gore was left in, whereas the opposite was true for the UK.

Born in Pomona, California, Waits' recording career began in 1971, after he relocated to Los Angeles and signed with Herb Cohen, manager of Frank Zappa, among others. The video featured Williams in a roller disco as he stripped nude and then proceeded to strip off his own flesh, muscle tissue and organs until he was a dancing skeleton. Thomas Alan Waits, (born December 7, 1949) is an American composer, singer, musician and actor. He broke the United States in 2000 with his hit song "Rock DJ". Holly Cole, Canadian artist covering Waits' songs in jazz style. In 1999 he collaberated with singer Tom Jones for a track on the album Reload. Kazik Staszewski, Polish artist extensively covering Waits. Williams quickly became a major celebrity in the UK with numerous top ten singles.

2004 Real Gone Tour. The song was built around a sample from the theme to the James Bond film "You Only Live Twice", and the accompanying video featured numerous 007 references. 1999 Get Behind The Mule Tour. Although it reached number one in many countries, it only managed to get to number four in the official UK singles chart in December 1997 – he would have to wait until September 19, 1998 for his first number one with "Millennium", which also charted in the USA. 1987 Big Time touring. Though this was a success it was not until the release of the single "Angels" that his solo career took off in Europe. 1985 Rain Dogs touring. In 1996 he released his first solo single "Freedom", a cover of the 1990 George Michael hit.

1980-1982 Heartattack and Vine touring. After few months with cocaine-fueled parties, the loud-mouthed brothers showed him the door. 1978-1979 Blue Valentine touring. Robbie expected to get some Noel-written songs so he could start a career. 1977 Foreign Affairs touring. Before his rising as a superstar, Robbie used to hang in 1996 with the Gallagher brothers - Noel and Liam of then-famous Britpop stars Oasis. 1975-1976 Small Change touring. Originally a member of boy band Take That, he split from the group in 1995 and launched a solo career, following a highly publicized battle with drug and alcohol addiction during which he put on nearly 40 pounds (18 kg) and was often seen in public poorly dressed, dirty and unshaven.

1974-1975 The Heart Of Saturday Night touring. Robert Peter Williams (born February 13, 1974 in Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire) is a British pop singer. 1973 Closing Time touring. Dec 2004 "Misunderstood" #8. 2004 Composer (with Kathleen Brennan) on soundtrack of "Shrek 2". Oct 2004 "Radio" #1. 2003 Appeared in conversation with Iggy Pop in Coffee and Cigarettes: Somewhere In America. Nov 2003 "Sexed Up" #10.

1999 Mystery Men -- played an inventor who specialized in non-lethal weapons. Aug 2003 "Something Beautiful" #3. Composer on soundtrack of The End of Violence. Apr 2003 "Come Undone" #4. 1996 Composer on soundtrack of Dead Man Walking.

    . Dec 2002 "Feel" #4. Played Earl Piggott in Short Cuts. Maxi Jazz & Robbie Williams) #9.

    Renfield in Bram Stoker's Dracula. Apr 2002 "My Culture" (1 Giant Leap feat. Played R.M. Dec 2001 "Somethin' Stupid" (with Nicole Kidman) #1. 1992 Composer (With Kathleen Brennan) on American Heart.

      . Jul 2001 "Eternity/Road to Mandalay" #1. Played Monte in Queens Logic. Apr 2001 "Let Love Be Your Energy" #10.

      Wrote the score of Night on Earth (With Kathleen Brennan). Dec 2000 "Supreme" #4. Played a disabled Veteran beggar in The Fisher King. Oct 2000 "Kids" (with Kylie Minogue) #2. 1991 Played Wolf in At Play in the Fields of the Lord.

        . Aug 2000 "Rock DJ" #1. 1990 Played a plainclothes policeman in The Two Jakes. Nov 1999 "She's The One/It's Only Us" #1.

        Composer on Sea of Love. Mar 1999 "Strong" #4. Voice of the radio DJ in Mystery Train. Dec 1998 "No Regrets/Antmusic" #4. Starred as Kenny the Hitman in Cold Feet. Sep 1998 "Millennium" #1. 1989 Played the 'Punch & Judy Man' in Bearskin: An Urban Fairytale.

          . Mar 1998 "Let Me Entertain You" #3.

          Played Al Silk in Candy Mountain. Dec 1997 "Angels" #4. 1987 Played Rudy The Kraut in Ironweed.

            . Sep 1997 "South of the Border" #14. 1986 Starred as Zack in Down by Law. Jul 1997 "Lazy Days" #8. 1984 Played Irving Stark in The Cotton Club. Apr 1997 "Old Before I Die" #2.

            Played Bennie the pool hall owner in Rumble Fish. Aug 1996 "Freedom" #2. 1983 Played Buck Merrill in The Outsiders.

              . Greatest Hits (2004); #1 UK. Played petrified man in carnival in The Stone Boy. Robbie Williams – Live At Knebworth (2003); #2 UK. Nominated for an Academy Award for best original score.
                . Escapology (2003); #1 UK, #43 US.

                1982 Soundtrack of One From The Heart. Swing When You're Winning (2001); #1 UK. 1980 Worked with Francis Ford Coppola on the soundtrack to One From The Heart. Sing When You're Winning (2000); #1 UK, #110 US. 1978 Movie debut as 'Mumbles' in Paradise Alley. The Ego Has Landed (1999); #63 US (North America only release). 2004 Step Right Up: The Songs of Tom Waits, various artists. I've Been Expecting You (1998 (UK) / 2002 (US)); #1 UK.

                2001 Wicked Grin, John Hammond. Life Thru a Lens (1997); #1 UK. 2000 New Coat of Paint, various artists. 1995 Step Right Up, various artists. 1995 Temptation, Holly Cole.

                2004 The Late Great Daniel Johnston by various artists: Waits covers Johnston's "King Kong". 2004 The Ride by Los Lobos: Waits does vocals on the track "Kitate". 2002 For the Kids by various artists: Waits performs the lullaby "Bring Down the Branches". 2001 It's A Wonderful Life, by Sparklehorse: Waits does vocals on "Dog Door".

                2000 Helium, by Tin Hat Trio: Waits appears as guest singer on Helium Reprise. 1999 Antipop, by Primus: Waits does vocals on Coattails of a Deadman. 1993 Jesus Blood Never Failed Me Yet, by Gavin Bryars: Waits appears as guest singer. 1992 Beautiful Mess, by Thelonious Monster: Waits appears as a guest singer on Adios Lounge.

                1991 Sailing the Seas of Cheese, by Primus: Waits does character vocals on Tommy The Cat. 1998 Beautiful Maladies: The Island Years. 1993 The Early Years, Volume Two. 1991 The Early Years, Volume One.

                1983 Anthology of Tom Waits (Elektra).

07-31-15 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/browse2000.php Business Search Directory Real Estate Database WebExposure.us Google+ Directory Dan Schmidt is a keyboardist, composer, songwriter, and producer.