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Tom Waits

Thomas Alan Waits, (born December 7, 1949) is an American composer, singer, musician and actor.

Early Career

Born in Pomona, California, Waits' recording career began in 1971, after he relocated to Los Angeles and signed with Herb Cohen, manager of Frank Zappa, among others. After numerous abortive recording sessions, his first record, the melancholic, country-tinged Closing Time (1973) received warm reviews, but he first gained national attention when his "Ol' 55" was recorded by The Eagles in 1974. The Heart of Saturday Night showed his roots as a nightclub singer, half speaking and half crooning ballads, often with a soft jazz background. The 1975 album Nighthawks at the Diner, recorded in a studio but with a small audience to capture the ambience of a live show, captures this phase of his career, including the lengthy spoken interludes between songs that punctuated his live act.

Small Change (1976) featuring famed drummer Shelly Manne, was jazzier still, and songs such as "The Piano Has Been Drinking" and "Bad Liver and a Broken Heart" cemented his hard living reputation, with a lyrical style pitched somewhere between Raymond Chandler and Charles Bukowski. Foreign Affairs (1977) and Blue Valentine (1978) were in a similar vein, but showed further refinement of his artistic voice. 1980 saw the commencement of a long working relationship with Francis Ford Coppola, who asked him to provide music for his film One From The Heart. Waits would also act in Coppola's Rumblefish, The Outsiders, The Cotton Club and Dracula (as the insane Renfield), and work with such directors as Jim Jarmusch and Robert Altman. In August 1980, he married Kathleen Brennan, whom he had met on the set of One From The Heart. With his wife, he wrote and performed in Big Time, a slightly surreal concert movie. His wife is regularly credited as co-author of many songs on his later released albums, and is often cited by Waits as a major influence on his work.

1980s and later

After he left Asylum Records for Island Records in 1983, his music became less mainstream. His trio of albums from the mid-1980s, Swordfishtrombones, Rain Dogs and Frank's Wild Years, all featured some degree of eclectic instrumentation -- Waits' self described "Junkyard Orchestra"--often marrying soul music horn sections to avant-garde percussion reminiscent of Harry Partch's, or the distorted guitar of Marc Ribot. He also gradually altered his singing style, sounding less like the late-night crooner of the 70s, instead adopting a gravelly voice reminiscent of Howling Wolf and Captain Beefheart. The last of these albums -- an off-Broadway musical co-written with his wife -- and the later collaboration with William S. Burroughs on The Black Rider both demonstrated the increasing interest in theatre, which has resulted in a somewhat successful acting career as well as soundtrack work.

In the popular perception, however, he and his work remain mostly characterised by his rocky voice, his strong personality and theatrical presence on stage and the "late night smoky bars" humour of his texts ("I'd rather have a free bottle in front of me than a pre-frontal lobotomy."). Waits has been reported as having bipolar disorder. In essence, however, and despite his songs having been covered by famous stars such as Bruce Springsteen and Rod Stewart, Waits remains a cult performer, steadfastly outside the mainstream.

Lawsuits

Waits has steadfastly refused to allow the use of his songs in commercials and has filed several lawsuits against advertisers who used his material without permission. The first lawsuit was filed in 1988 against Frito Lay, and resulted in a US$2.6 million judgement in Waits' favor. Frito Lay had approached Waits to use one of his songs in an advertisement. Waits declined the offer, and Frito Lay hired a Waits soundalike to sing a jingle similar to "Step Right Up," which is, ironically, a song Waits has called "an indictment of advertising." [1] (http://www.joe.trussell.com/waits/frito_lay.html) ("Step Right Up" concludes with the lyric "What the large print giveth, the small print taketh away").

In 1993, Levi's used Screamin' Jay Hawkins' version of Waits' "Heartattack and Vine" in a commercial. Waits sued, and Levis agreed to cease all use of the song, and offered a full page apology in Billboard Magazine. [2] (http://www.keeslau.com/TomWaitsSupplement/Copyright/copyrightwaitslevis.htm)

In 2000, an Audi commercial broadcast in Spain featured music very similar to Waits' "Innocent When You Dream", after Waits first had declined when they approached him about using the original. A Spanish court recognized there had been a violation of Waits’s moral rights, in addition to the infringement of copyright [3] (http://www.anti.com/news.php?newsid=86715). The production company, Tandem Campany Guasch, was ordered to pay compensation to Waits through his Spanish publisher.

Discography

Major releases


+ Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album


^ Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album

Collections

  • 1983 Anthology of Tom Waits (Elektra)
  • 1991 The Early Years, Volume One
  • 1993 The Early Years, Volume Two
  • 1998 Beautiful Maladies: The Island Years

Contributions

  • 1991 Sailing the Seas of Cheese, by Primus: Waits does character vocals on Tommy The Cat
  • 1992 Beautiful Mess, by Thelonious Monster: Waits appears as a guest singer on Adios Lounge
  • 1993 Jesus Blood Never Failed Me Yet, by Gavin Bryars: Waits appears as guest singer
  • 1999 Antipop, by Primus: Waits does vocals on Coattails of a Deadman
  • 2000 Helium, by Tin Hat Trio: Waits appears as guest singer on Helium Reprise
  • 2001 It's A Wonderful Life, by Sparklehorse: Waits does vocals on "Dog Door"
  • 2002 For the Kids by various artists: Waits performs the lullaby "Bring Down the Branches"
  • 2004 The Ride by Los Lobos: Waits does vocals on the track "Kitate"
  • 2004 The Late Great Daniel Johnston by various artists: Waits covers Johnston's "King Kong"

Tribute albums

  • 1995 Temptation, Holly Cole
  • 1995 Step Right Up, various artists
  • 2000 New Coat of Paint, various artists
  • 2001 Wicked Grin, John Hammond
  • 2004 Step Right Up: The Songs of Tom Waits, various artists

Filmography

  • 1978 Movie debut as 'Mumbles' in Paradise Alley.
  • 1980 Worked with Francis Ford Coppola on the soundtrack to One From The Heart.
  • 1982 Soundtrack of One From The Heart. Nominated for an Academy Award for best original score.
    • Played petrified man in carnival in The Stone Boy.
  • 1983 Played Buck Merrill in The Outsiders.
    • Played Bennie the pool hall owner in Rumble Fish.
  • 1984 Played Irving Stark in The Cotton Club.
  • 1986 Starred as Zack in Down by Law.
  • 1987 Played Rudy The Kraut in Ironweed.
    • Played Al Silk in Candy Mountain.
  • 1989 Played the 'Punch & Judy Man' in Bearskin: An Urban Fairytale.
    • Starred as Kenny the Hitman in Cold Feet.
    • Voice of the radio DJ in Mystery Train. Composer on Sea of Love
  • 1990 Played a plainclothes policeman in The Two Jakes.
  • 1991 Played Wolf in At Play in the Fields of the Lord.
    • Played a disabled Veteran beggar in The Fisher King.
    • Wrote the score of Night on Earth (With Kathleen Brennan).
    • Played Monte in Queens Logic.
  • 1992 Composer (With Kathleen Brennan) on American Heart.
    • Played R.M. Renfield in Bram Stoker's Dracula.
    • Played Earl Piggott in Short Cuts.
  • 1996 Composer on soundtrack of Dead Man Walking.
    • Composer on soundtrack of The End of Violence.
  • 1999 Mystery Men -- played an inventor who specialized in non-lethal weapons.
  • 2003 Appeared in conversation with Iggy Pop in Coffee and Cigarettes: Somewhere In America.
  • 2004 Composer (with Kathleen Brennan) on soundtrack of "Shrek 2"

Tours

  • 1973 Closing Time touring
  • 1974-1975 The Heart Of Saturday Night touring
  • 1975-1976 Small Change touring
  • 1977 Foreign Affairs touring
  • 1978-1979 Blue Valentine touring
  • 1980-1982 Heartattack and Vine touring
  • 1985 Rain Dogs touring
  • 1987 Big Time touring
  • 1999 Get Behind The Mule Tour
  • 2004 Real Gone Tour

See also:

  • Kazik Staszewski, Polish artist extensively covering Waits
  • Holly Cole, Canadian artist covering Waits' songs in jazz style

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^ Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album. Written in Chinese:.
+ Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album. Written in Bengali:. A Spanish court recognized there had been a violation of Waits’s moral rights, in addition to the infringement of copyright [3] (http://www.anti.com/news.php?newsid=86715). The production company, Tandem Campany Guasch, was ordered to pay compensation to Waits through his Spanish publisher. Rowling and her publishers are making attempts to stop the distribution of these books. In 2000, an Audi commercial broadcast in Spain featured music very similar to Waits' "Innocent When You Dream", after Waits first had declined when they approached him about using the original. K.

[2] (http://www.keeslau.com/TomWaitsSupplement/Copyright/copyrightwaitslevis.htm). J. Waits sued, and Levis agreed to cease all use of the song, and offered a full page apology in Billboard Magazine. Several unauthorised derivative books have been written, either directly featuring Harry Potter, or using similarly named characters. In 1993, Levi's used Screamin' Jay Hawkins' version of Waits' "Heartattack and Vine" in a commercial. Strangely, though, the local TV channel that hosted "Hari Potret" had managed to cooperate with Warner Bros to air "Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone" movie, and Hari Potret acted as the 'warming-up' for two months before the actual Harry Potter showed. Waits declined the offer, and Frito Lay hired a Waits soundalike to sing a jingle similar to "Step Right Up," which is, ironically, a song Waits has called "an indictment of advertising." [1] (http://www.joe.trussell.com/waits/frito_lay.html) ("Step Right Up" concludes with the lyric "What the large print giveth, the small print taketh away"). Later, after the producers ended Jin & Jun, they made Hari Potret into a separated series.

Frito Lay had approached Waits to use one of his songs in an advertisement. There, Hari used the famous spell "Wingardium leviosa" to do ALL kinds of magic (instead of only for levitating objects, as described in the first Harry Potter book). The first lawsuit was filed in 1988 against Frito Lay, and resulted in a US$2.6 million judgement in Waits' favor. Hari Potret first appeared in another TV series called Jin & Jun, probably as a small parody regarding to the booming popularity of Harry Potter in Indonesia. Waits has steadfastly refused to allow the use of his songs in commercials and has filed several lawsuits against advertisers who used his material without permission. The Ken Akumatsu Manga Mahou Sensei Negima is often regarded as a Harry Potter clone, despite the only similarity being a 10-year-old wizard from England. In essence, however, and despite his songs having been covered by famous stars such as Bruce Springsteen and Rod Stewart, Waits remains a cult performer, steadfastly outside the mainstream. Recent viewers of the 1985 film Young Sherlock Holmes, scripted by Chris Columbus, director of the first two Harry Potter movies, have noticed similarities between its characters, setting, events and tone, and those of the Harry Potter series.

Waits has been reported as having bipolar disorder. Rowling officially denies being aware of this series, and Gaiman has gone on record stating that he believes similarities to be either coincidence, or drawn from the same fantasy archetypes. In the popular perception, however, he and his work remain mostly characterised by his rocky voice, his strong personality and theatrical presence on stage and the "late night smoky bars" humour of his texts ("I'd rather have a free bottle in front of me than a pre-frontal lobotomy."). These include a dark haired young boy with glasses, named Tim Hunter, who discovers his own potential as the most powerful wizard of his age after being approached by magic-wielding individuals, the first of whom gifts him with a pet owl. The last of these albums -- an off-Broadway musical co-written with his wife -- and the later collaboration with William S. Burroughs on The Black Rider both demonstrated the increasing interest in theatre, which has resulted in a somewhat successful acting career as well as soundtrack work. Comic book fans have noted that a comic book series first published in 1990 by DC Comics called The Books of Magic, by Neil Gaiman, shares many similarities to Rowling's book. He also gradually altered his singing style, sounding less like the late-night crooner of the 70s, instead adopting a gravelly voice reminiscent of Howling Wolf and Captain Beefheart. publisher Scholastic Press, and Warner Bros. Films.

His trio of albums from the mid-1980s, Swordfishtrombones, Rain Dogs and Frank's Wild Years, all featured some degree of eclectic instrumentation -- Waits' self described "Junkyard Orchestra"--often marrying soul music horn sections to avant-garde percussion reminiscent of Harry Partch's, or the distorted guitar of Marc Ribot. Stouffer was required to pay a portion of the attorney's fees incurred by Rowling, her U.S. After he left Asylum Records for Island Records in 1983, his music became less mainstream. Schwartz rejected Nancy Stouffer's claims that she was plagiarised, and fined Stouffer $50,000 for "submission of fraudulent documents" and "untruthful testimony", but stopped short of having Stouffer criminally charged with perjury. His wife is regularly credited as co-author of many songs on his later released albums, and is often cited by Waits as a major influence on his work. District Judge Allen G. With his wife, he wrote and performed in Big Time, a slightly surreal concert movie. U.S.

In August 1980, he married Kathleen Brennan, whom he had met on the set of One From The Heart. The first book features creatures called "muggles". Waits would also act in Coppola's Rumblefish, The Outsiders, The Cotton Club and Dracula (as the insane Renfield), and work with such directors as Jim Jarmusch and Robert Altman. Rowling prevailed in a lawsuit alleging copyright infringement, filed by Nancy Stouffer, writer of The Legend of Rah and the Muggles and allegedly of Larry Potter and His Best Friend Lilly. 1980 saw the commencement of a long working relationship with Francis Ford Coppola, who asked him to provide music for his film One From The Heart. His son cheers and Ned throws the book into the fireplace. Foreign Affairs (1977) and Blue Valentine (1978) were in a similar vein, but showed further refinement of his artistic voice. The controversy was spoofed on the television show The Simpsons. In one episode, ultra-Christian Ned Flanders "reads" Harry Potter to his son and says "…and Harry Potter and all his wizard friends…went straight to Hell for practicing witchcraft".

Small Change (1976) featuring famed drummer Shelly Manne, was jazzier still, and songs such as "The Piano Has Been Drinking" and "Bad Liver and a Broken Heart" cemented his hard living reputation, with a lyrical style pitched somewhere between Raymond Chandler and Charles Bukowski. Much less controversy has occurred in the United Kingdom, where religion plays a smaller role in public affairs than in the United States. The 1975 album Nighthawks at the Diner, recorded in a studio but with a small audience to capture the ambience of a live show, captures this phase of his career, including the lengthy spoken interludes between songs that punctuated his live act. The book The Hidden Key to Harry Potter: Understanding the Meaning, Genius, and Popularity of Joanne Rowling's Harry Potter Novels, written by John Granger, a Reader in the Orthodox Church, claims to uncover Christian themes in its analysis of the story. The Heart of Saturday Night showed his roots as a nightclub singer, half speaking and half crooning ballads, often with a soft jazz background. Christian Congregationalist minister John Killinger also argued that rather than corrupting children's minds, the novels encourage young readers to follow the teachings of Jesus. After numerous abortive recording sessions, his first record, the melancholic, country-tinged Closing Time (1973) received warm reviews, but he first gained national attention when his "Ol' 55" was recorded by The Eagles in 1974. The late Pope John Paul II praised the books for their message about the evils of racism and genocide.

Born in Pomona, California, Waits' recording career began in 1971, after he relocated to Los Angeles and signed with Herb Cohen, manager of Frank Zappa, among others. In contrast, other members of the Catholic Church gave the series their approval, by saying that it is imbued with Christian morals, and that the good versus evil plot is very clear. Thomas Alan Waits, (born December 7, 1949) is an American composer, singer, musician and actor. The current Pope, Benedict XVI, also condemned the books, stating they are "a subtle seduction, which has deeply unnoticed and direct effects in undermining the soul of Christianity before it can really grow properly." [4] (http://www.hollywood.com/news/detail/article/2439745). Holly Cole, Canadian artist covering Waits' songs in jazz style. See Christian views on witchcraft. Kazik Staszewski, Polish artist extensively covering Waits. The official exorcist of Rome, Father Gabriele Amorth, believes that the Harry Potter books can be a bad influence on some children by getting them interested in the occult.

2004 Real Gone Tour. "However, the positive messages are packaged in a medium — witchcraft — that is directly denounced in scripture."[3] (http://www.cesnur.org/recens/potter_06.htm). 1999 Get Behind The Mule Tour. "It contains some powerful and valuable lessons about love and courage and the ultimate victory of good over evil," said Paul Hetrick, spokesman for Focus on the Family, a national Christian group based in Colorado Springs. 1987 Big Time touring. Some Christian groups in the United States have denounced the series for promoting witchcraft or Satanism. 1985 Rain Dogs touring. The complaints allege that the books have occult or Satanic themes, are violent, and are anti-family.

1980-1982 Heartattack and Vine touring. According to the American Library Association, the Harry Potter novels have been among the most frequently challenged in school libraries since 1998. 1978-1979 Blue Valentine touring. The books have provoked various kinds of controversy. 1977 Foreign Affairs touring. Instead of basking in the glory of his abilities, he is humble, and even bashful, when complimented on his skills. 1975-1976 Small Change touring. Harry turns out to be a very proficient Quidditch player, and excellent at Defence Against the Dark Arts.

1974-1975 The Heart Of Saturday Night touring. When Harry learns that he is the famous "Boy Who Lived", he is more concerned about living up to his reputation than using it to his own advantage, contrasting with his counterpart, Draco Malfoy. 1973 Closing Time touring. Harry has to spend many tedious years in the muggle world with his abusive relatives, who treat him very poorly. 2004 Composer (with Kathleen Brennan) on soundtrack of "Shrek 2". The novels also focus on the importance of humility. 2003 Appeared in conversation with Iggy Pop in Coffee and Cigarettes: Somewhere In America. This theme is explored in the books.

1999 Mystery Men -- played an inventor who specialized in non-lethal weapons. For example, elves are considered fit for nothing but subjugation and slavery, despite their humanlike feelings and their own unique magical powers. Composer on soundtrack of The End of Violence. There are a great many in the Harry Potter universe that disdain any non "pure" wizard or witch, to say nothing of any intelligent but non-human species(of which there are many). 1996 Composer on soundtrack of Dead Man Walking.

    . Nevertheless, the wizard world is faced with much prejudice of its own kind. Played Earl Piggott in Short Cuts. Even homophobia has made a subtle appearence in the books, in the form of taunting comments from Harry's boorish cousin Dudley in Order of the Phoenix.

    Renfield in Bram Stoker's Dracula. For example, it is taken for granted that every profession in Rowling's world has personnel who are both male and female; even the sports teams are mixed. Played R.M. Much like Star Trek, Harry Potter makes statements about real issues of prejudice by assuming that they do not exist. 1992 Composer (With Kathleen Brennan) on American Heart.

      . This theme is expected to arise more and more frequently as the choices Harry must make become more and more difficult. Played Monte in Queens Logic. Also, through the novels, Harry must choose between what is right and what is easy.

      Wrote the score of Night on Earth (With Kathleen Brennan). Rowling has commented that Dumbledore often speaks for her. Played a disabled Veteran beggar in The Fisher King. In Chamber of Secrets, Dumbledore makes perhaps his most famous quote on this issue: "It is our choices, Harry, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities." He confronts the issue again in Goblet of Fire, when he tells Cornelius Fudge that what one grows up to be is far more important than what one is born. 1991 Played Wolf in At Play in the Fields of the Lord.

        . One of the most significant recurring themes is that of choice. 1990 Played a plainclothes policeman in The Two Jakes. Rowling has stated that, rather than intentionally placing themes in her books, she lets them "grow organically".

        Composer on Sea of Love. An "anti-fan site" has been started to target this particular actor. Voice of the radio DJ in Mystery Train. Recently, certain fans had been complaining about the casting of an "Asian" actor for the role of Cho Chang in the fourth Harry Potter film. Starred as Kenny the Hitman in Cold Feet. Ironically, some Harry Potter fans did not absorb the lessons about racism that Rowling teaches her readers. 1989 Played the 'Punch & Judy Man' in Bearskin: An Urban Fairytale.

          . "Blood purity" also contains elements of the class-system that was previously a feature of British society, particularly within educational institutions such as universities or public schools similar in nature to Harry's school, Hogwarts.

          Played Al Silk in Candy Mountain. Ron's mother, Molly Weasley, apparently without realizing it, also expresses open prejudice against werewolves in Order of the Phoenix despite sharing a temporary home with one. 1987 Played Rudy The Kraut in Ironweed.

            . Even Harry's friend Ron Weasley, from a tolerant family, is shocked to learn of Lupin's lycanthropy in Prisoner of Azkaban, and Hagrid's ancestry in Goblet of Fire. 1986 Starred as Zack in Down by Law. This theme is explored with characters such as Remus Lupin, a werewolf; Rubeus Hagrid, a half-human, half-giant; and Hermione Granger, who is muggle-born, or of non-magical parentage. 1984 Played Irving Stark in The Cotton Club. The most obvious is the analogy of "blood purity" to racism.

            Played Bennie the pool hall owner in Rumble Fish. Like many works of science fiction and fantasy, the Harry Potter series uses analogies to real issues, rather than confronting the issues themselves. 1983 Played Buck Merrill in The Outsiders.

              . [2] (http://www.boxofficemojo.com/alltime/domestic.htm). Played petrified man in carnival in The Stone Boy. All three of the currently released films were among the top ten grossing films of their year, with all three films being in the top 50 films of all time list. Nominated for an Academy Award for best original score.
                . She has also said that she will not write any sort of "prequel" to the novels since by the time the series ends all the necessary backstory will have been revealed.

                1982 Soundtrack of One From The Heart. If she does, she intends it to be a sort of encyclopedia of the wizarding world, containing concepts and snippets of information that were not relevant enough to the novels' plot to be included in them. 1980 Worked with Francis Ford Coppola on the soundtrack to One From The Heart. Regarding the existence of Harry Potter novels beyond the seventh, Rowling has said that she might write an eighth book some day. 1978 Movie debut as 'Mumbles' in Paradise Alley. Rowling with proceeds going to Comic Relief. 2004 Step Right Up: The Songs of Tom Waits, various artists. K.

                2001 Wicked Grin, John Hammond. They were Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them by Newt Scamander and Quidditch Through the Ages by Kennilworthy Whisp. These books were written by J. 2000 New Coat of Paint, various artists. In 2001 two books supposedly reproduced from copies owned by Harry (complete with notes scribbled in the margins by Harry and his friends) were published. 1995 Step Right Up, various artists. For the English language, there exists an adapted American English version of each book, with lexical changes like football to soccer, video recorder to VCR, or do his nut becoming go ballistic. 1995 Temptation, Holly Cole. See List of titles of Harry Potter books in other languages and Harry Potter in translation series.

                2004 The Late Great Daniel Johnston by various artists: Waits covers Johnston's "King Kong". The Harry Potter books have been translated into many languages. 2004 The Ride by Los Lobos: Waits does vocals on the track "Kitate". The books have become popular enough that bookstores now hold "midnight release parties" on the day Harry Potter books are released. 2002 For the Kids by various artists: Waits performs the lullaby "Bring Down the Branches". Harry is expected to leave the school in mid-1998, shortly before his eighteenth birthday — supposing, of course, that he lives to do so (as Rowling likes to remind her readers when asked about Harry's career after school). 2001 It's A Wonderful Life, by Sparklehorse: Waits does vocals on "Dog Door". Certain aspects of the Harry Potter series have even entered the real world, such as Bertie Bott's Every Flavour Beans, which inspired an actual product of that name, marketed by the Jelly Belly Company.

                2000 Helium, by Tin Hat Trio: Waits appears as guest singer on Helium Reprise. They also fit into a British genre of novels about boarding school life, and sections involving the Dursleys, Harry's relatives, remind some readers of Roald Dahl's works. 1999 Antipop, by Primus: Waits does vocals on Coattails of a Deadman. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. 1993 Jesus Blood Never Failed Me Yet, by Gavin Bryars: Waits appears as guest singer. R. 1992 Beautiful Mess, by Thelonious Monster: Waits appears as a guest singer on Adios Lounge. R.

                1991 Sailing the Seas of Cheese, by Primus: Waits does character vocals on Tommy The Cat. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia and J. 1998 Beautiful Maladies: The Island Years. The books have been compared to many well-known novels, including C. 1993 The Early Years, Volume Two. The books are generally written from Harry's point of view, with short exceptions in Philosopher's Stone and Goblet of Fire. This is one reason that readers feel such a strong kinship to Harry; the story is literally told through his character. 1991 The Early Years, Volume One. The books are written in third person limited omniscient mode, with Harry as the central character.

                1983 Anthology of Tom Waits (Elektra). Rowling has revealed hints about the plot of the book on her personal website [1] (http://www.jkrowling.com/). As of early 2005, five books have been published, and an English language publication date of 16 July 2005 has been announced for the sixth volume, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. Rowling has announced that seven books are planned, each gradually a little darker than its predecessor, as Harry ages and his nemesis, Lord Voldemort (Tom Marvolo Riddle), gains power. Harry also learns to overcome many obstacles, such as:.

                Each book chronicles one year in Harry's life at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry where he learns to use magic, brew potions, and play Quidditch. Her favourite place to write the first book was at an Edinburgh caf table, while drinking endless cups of coffee. Unsubstantiated rumours and magazine articles claim that sales from the books, as well as royalties from films and merchandise, have made Rowling richer than Queen Elizabeth II, though in a 2003 interview, Rowling denied having more than 280,000,000, which is Queen Elizabeth's supposed fortune. According to Rowling, the stories appeared in her head, fully formed, while she was on a train from Manchester to London. There is also a series of Warner Brothers films based directly on the books, the first of which was released in 2001.

                The Harry Potter books are primarily aimed at older children (because they have progressively darker themes), but have fans of all ages, as demonstrated by the publication of editions of each book with cover artwork intended for adults. The first novel, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the United States), was released in 1997, but takes place in 1991. Rowling and the movies based on them. K.

                Harry James Potter (born July 31, 1980) (see timeline) is a fictional young wizard who is the protagonist in a series of fantasy and wizardry novels by J. The gravesite in Jerusalem of a British soldier named Harry Potter has become a tourist attraction. Since her death Rowling has struck up a friendship with Natalie's mother, and decided to add the girl's name to her then-unfinished fourth book. Rowling, but tragically died of cancer the day before the author responded.

                This girl, an avid Harry Potter fan, e-mailed J.K. Not counting Nicolas Flamel, the only other real person named in the Harry Potter books is Natalie McDonald, who was sorted into Gryffindor in Goblet of Fire. Nicolas Flamel is also referenced as a secret head of the Priory of Sion in Dan Brown's book The Davinci Code. An alchemist of the same name lived in Paris and is a well known historical figure.

                Albus Dumbledore's partner in the Philosopher's Stone is Nicolas Flamel, an alchemist. The first was Dawn French who played Harry Potter in the same sketch and the "Fat Lady" in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. Rowling characters on film to date. Miranda Richardson will play journalist Rita Skeeter in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire: following her appearance in the Comic Relief sketch, this makes her the second actress to have portrayed two J.K.

                Canadian Cabinet Minister Pierre Pettigrew entered federal politics the same year (1994) that traitor Peter Pettigrew escapes Harry and his friends. A news presenter on Channel 10 News, Gold Coast, Australia, is called Harry Potter. A skit on an episode of the British television series Monty Python's Flying Circus featured a character named Harold Potter. Supporters of Vladimir Putin have often accused the makers of the Harry Potter films of having deliberately modelled Dobby after the Russian president.

                Simon Ammann, Swiss ski jump athlete who won double Gold medals at the 2002 Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, is affectionately nicknamed "Harry Potter" because he likes to wear big round spectacles. A similar nickname was given to the Bulgarian politician Nikolay Vassilev who started his political career as Minister of Economy, and was later re-assigned Minister of Transport and communications. Dutch Prime Minister (2002—) Jan Peter Balkenende is known for his resemblance to Harry Potter. Wodehouse's 1948 novel Uncle Dynamite includes a character named Police Constable Harold Potter, and another called Hermione (not Granger, but Bostock).

                G. P. This location is based on a popular British legend which states that the body of the Celtic leader Boadicea is buried under platform ten. The Hogwarts Express train—used by students to get to the school—is located at platform "nine and three-quarters" at King's Cross Station in London.

                Harry Potter and the Crystal Vase. Harry Potter and the Golden Turtle. Article (http://www.cjvlang.com/Hpotter/ciwawa.html) on the cjvlang website. Harry Potter and the Porcelain Doll (哈利・波特与瓷娃娃 or Hāl Bōt yǔ Cwwa)

                  .

                  Harry Potter and Leopard-Walk-Up-to-Dragon. Harry Potter Kolkataye (Harry Potter in Kolkata (Calcutta)), by Uttam Ghosh. Hari was described as being able to turn all his photos into the moving ones, like those magically-transformed photos/paintings in Harry Potter books.The character of Duta also had a gang of three naughty schoolboys, who resemble Draco Malfoy and his colleagues, Gregory Goyle and Vincent Crabbe. They unfunnily resembles Harry Potter's best friends Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger respectively, as Jin Farid was portrayed as funny but plucky (compare to Ron) and Pipit was portrayed as bushy-haired, cunning and bossy (compare to Hermione).

                  Hari made friends with little boy genie, Jin Farid, and a girl fairy, Pipit. They are deceased, murdered by an evil wizard named Baron Muka Peot (roughly translated as "Crumple-Faced Baron") who obsessed with the idea of taking control of the whole world. He lived with his cruel uncle (Oom Balon), aunt (Tante Rika), and cousin (Duta), and later on he discovered that he was the son of the most powerful wizardry couple. It features a little boy named Hari who loved photography (therefore nicknamed 'potret', means 'photo').

                  Hari Potret, an Indonesian TV series for young children, aired from mid-2000 until late 2004. It was based on Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, and included such characters as Haggis, Professor Stumblebum, and Mailman, Mailboy's father (the two Malfoys). A collection of Harry Potter sketches on the Australian comedy show Big Bite. "Harry Bladder," a sketch on the children's comedy show All That.

                  A new book had just come out entitled Henry Skreever and the Cabbage of Mayhem and all the characters were reading it. Henry Skreever was the title of a book series in an episode of the children's television show Arthur. In The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy, episodes feature "Toadblat's School of Sorcery", Nigel Planter (who has a L on his forehead), and other obvious Harry Potter spoofs. Rowling; Miranda Richardson as Hermione; Nigel Planer as Dumbledore (wearing the beard and costume of Richard Harris); Jeremy Irons as Professor Severus Snape; Ronnie Corbett as Hagrid and Basil Brush as Dobby the House Elf (Basil explains that he only took the role after being turned down for Gollum in The Two Towers).

                  K. It featured Dawn French as a female Harry; Jennifer Saunders as Ron Weasley and J. In 2003, Comic Relief performed a spoof story called Harry Potter and the Secret Chamberpot of Azerbaijan. ([8] (http://www.n-chicken.net/tomfoolery/potterhatemail.shtml) [9] (http://www.n-chicken.net/tomfoolery/potter-madddawg.shtml)).

                  It has led to hate mail from Harry Potter fans who took it seriously. Ethel Roberts: THE TRUTH BEHIND HARRY POTTER!! (http://www.n-chicken.net/misc/potter-essay.shtml)—A essay by the fictional Ethel Roberts, claiming that the Harry Potter books are promoting witchcraft. Torg Potter and the Sorcerer's Nuts (http://www.sluggy.com/daily.php?date=020902) and Torg Potter and the Chamberpot of Secretions (http://www.sluggy.com/daily.php?date=030915)—two one-month storylines of the Sluggy Freelance webcomic, parodying the first two Harry Potter books (the links above show only the opening panels of each storyline). In the following year, Neely also performed "Wizard People" live in several cities, until Warner Brothers took action against theatres that had rented prints, and forced them to cancel the shows.

                  Shortly thereafter, website Illegal Art made Neely's work available for free download. In 2004, the New York Underground Film Festival rented a print of the film from Warner Brothers, screened it with the sound off, and played Neely's soundtrack instead. Originally a free CD shared with Neely's friends, "Wizard People" provides an ongoing farcical narration, meant to be played while a DVD of the film Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone plays with the sound off. "Wizard People, Dear Readers" (http://www.illegal-art.org/video/wizard.html/)—an audio work by Brad Neely of Austin, Texas.

                  Brink o' Doom (http://home.att.net/~coriolan/musical/brinkofdoom.htm)—a musical based on Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban by Caius Marcius, featuring lots of singing and dancing, and dementors in kilts, who open the musical by performing a "traditional Azkaban Island fling (i.e., they fling a few prisoners into a vat of molten lead)". Bothering Snape and Trouble at Hogwarts (http://www.potterpuppetpals.com/)—two PG-13 rated parodies featuring puppet-style Harry Potter characters in "new" adventures. "Harry Potter and the Pre-Teen Nerds are Actin' Bad"— a parody of the third film, by Desmond Devlin, illustrated by Hermann Mejia. Cover story of Mad Magazine July 2004 issue. Cover story of Mad Magazine December 2002 issue.

                  "Harry Potter and the Lamest of Sequels"—a parody of the second film, by Desmond Devlin, illustrated by Tom Richmond. Cover story of Mad Magazine December 2001 issue. "Harry Plodder and the Sorry-Ass Story"— a parody of the first film, by Desmond Devlin, illustrated by Mort Drucker. Harry Plodder and the Kidney Stone—a text-driven parody of the first book by Desmond Devlin, illustrated by James Warhola. Cover story of Mad Magazine March 2000 issue.

                  Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban in Fifteen Minutes (http://www.livejournal.com/community/m15m/2237.html)—a popular and hilarious, if a bit sarcastic, re-telling of the third Harry Potter film by Cleolinda Jones. [7] (http://snltranscripts.jt.org/03/03rpotter.phtml). Originally aired May 1, 2004. Features Rachel Dratch as Harry, Seth Meyers as Ron, and guest host Lindsay Lohan as Hermione.

                  Hogwart's Academy: A sketch lampooning a suddenly buxom Hermione. [6] (http://snltranscripts.jt.org/02/02fpotter.phtml). Originally aired November 16, 2002, and hosted by Brittany Murphy. Welcome Back, Potter: A teaser for a new program that placed Harry Potter in the Gabe Kaplan role from the 1970s sitcom Welcome Back, Kotter.

                  See [5] (http://www.colors-computer.hu/~herikokler/). As of 2004, nine volumes have been published. Kkler means 'mountebank, charlatan, swindler' and beside the sound resemblance, the fictional name of the author is a pun too: kb. means 'approx.' and rotring means 'mechanical pencil' in Hungarian (after the noted manufacturer). Rottring (pseudonym) — a series of Harry Potter parodies in Hungarian.

                  B. Heri Kkler, by K. Tanya Grotter (Таня Гроттер in Cyrillic), by Dmitri Yemetz (Дмитрий Емец in Cyrillic)—Russian series about a magical schoolgirl, described by the author, as "a sort of Russian answer to Harry Potter". Porri Gatter by Andreyi Zhvalevskiyi and Igor' Miyt'ko—Belarusian series of Harry Potter parodies.

                  Barry Trotter, by Michael Gerber—a series of Harry Potter parodies published in the United States and the United Kingdom. Director: David Yates. Release: Expected around Spring or Fall 2007. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

                    .

                    Director: Mike Newell. Release: November 18, 2005. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

                      . Director: Alfonso Cuarn.

                      Release: June 4, 2004, UK: May 31, 2004. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban

                        . Director: Chris Columbus. Release: November 15, 2002.

                        Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

                          . Note: Both the book and the film were retitled Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the U.S., with similar alterations to the text. Director: Chris Columbus. Release: November 16, 2001.

                          Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone

                            . Story time: 1997–1998. Title unknown
                              . Release: July 16, 2005.

                              Story time: 1996–1997. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince

                                . Release: June 21, 2003. Story time: 1995–1996.

                                Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix

                                  . Release: July 8, 2000. Story time: 1994–1995. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
                                    .

                                    Release: September 8, 1999. Story time: 1993–1994. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban

                                      . Release: 1998.

                                      Story time: 1992–1993. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets

                                        . Note: Both the book and the film were retitled Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone in the U.S., with similar alterations to the text. Release: June 26, 1997.

                                        Story time: 1991–1992. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone

                                          . asking a girl to the Yule Ball (Goblet of Fire). fighting off Dementors (Prisoner of Azkaban).

                                          having the entire school against him (Chamber of Secrets, Order of the Phoenix). dealing with his rival, Draco Malfoy.

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