This page will contain discussion groups about movie The Birds, as they become available.

The Birds (film)

The Birds (1963) is a horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, based on a short story by Daphne Du Maurier. (Hitchcock also adapted Du Maurier's novel Rebecca into an acclaimed film) about birds mobbing humans.

The screenplay for The Birds was written by Evan Hunter, better known as crime fiction novelist Ed McBain. This film is notable in that it has no music score per se (other than brief source music); instead a montage of assorted bird calls and sound effects put together by perennial Hitchcock composer Bernard Herrmann provides the "incidental music".

In the film, various kinds of birds attack Bodega Bay, California, a seaside village. It may be noted that in Du Maurier's story, the birds attack Britain instead of California.


Synopsis

Spoiler warning: Plot or ending details follow.

A young lady (Hedren) visits a bird shop on a Friday afternoon. There, she meets Mitch (Taylor), a lawyer that is looking for two lovebirds for his little sister. She pretends to be the shopkeeper, showing him various species of birds, until she accidentally lets out a canary. When Mitch reveals after the incident that he knows her as Melanie Daniels, the daughter of a newspaper magnate, and tells her off for being a spoiled prankster, she decides to pay a visit to his house to get back at him and give his sister the lovebirds that he couldn't obtain. Outside, a flock of pigeons menacingly circle the sky.

When she arrives at the town of Bodega Bay, she seeks out Annie Hayworth (Suzanne Pleshette), the local teacher, in order to learn the name of Mitch's sister, Cathy (Veronica Cartwright). Then, she travels out by boat and stealthily enters Mitch's house, placing the present in the living room. On the way back, however, a seagull inexplicably swoops down and claws her.

Cleaning up her wounds, Melanie gives Mitch the alibi that Annie was an old friend of hers and she wanted to pay a visit. She then returns to Annie's house, rents out a room for the weekend, and heads over to Mitch's house for dinner. There, his mother, Lydia (Jessica Tandy), argues with someone over the phone that the chicken feed she bought was defective—her chickens wouldn't eat a bite—only to learn that the vendor's own fowl, who had been given a different brand, had the same problem. After dinner, Melanie returns to Annie's house and the two chat about their past, when a thud is heard against the front door. Opening the door, Melanie discovers a dead crow sprawled on the ground.

The next day, Cathy hosts a birthday party. A peaceful flock of birds make their way across the clear blue sky as Melanie and Mitch walk along the beach. As time goes on, however, the sound of bird calls grows louder, and a shadowy cloud appears over the festivities. All of a sudden, a bird swoops down and switches Cathy on the ear, and an attack on the party commences. Terrified guests rush into the house as birds scratch, peck, and bite at them ravenously and without motive.

From then on, things go from bad to worse as bird attacks increase, both in scope and in violence. Lydia drives over to the farmer who sold her the defective chicken feed and discovers a gory corpse with his eyes gouged out. After fleeing the scene in a hysteria, Lydia begs Melanie to keep watch over Cathy during school the next day. A flock of crows gather in the playground, and when Melanie evacuates the school, they viciously tear at the children, nearly killing one of them.

At a pub where a majority of the children have evacuated, Melanie bears witness to the death of a gas clerk across the street after a seagull attacks him. A trail of gasoline makes its way down the road, to where a man is lighting a cigarette. The cries of bystanders are in vain, and a shattering explosion alerts scores of birds, who attack those who rushed out to help the clerk. Melanie runs to assist, but quickly retreats to a phone booth as she is attacked. From that vantage point, she bears witness to the horrific spectacle as birds rush at her from all angles. The local fire department soon arrives to fight the fire and end up fighting the birds instead. A dying man leans against the booth, slowly collapsing and leaving a streak of blood on the glass, which begins to crack as birds endlessly peck and fly at it. Finally, Mitch ventures into the storm and brings her back into the pub, where a woman accuses her of being cursed.

At last, the screeching of the birds comes to an end. Melanie sets out in search of Annie and Cathy. Annie lies dead on her porch, while a terrified Cathy uncontrollably sobs. Melanie comforts Cathy and Mitch brings Annie inside, as the afternoon descends into dusk.

Cathy, Melanie, Mitch, and Lydia hole up in their house, boarding up all the windows, doors, and openings, with the exception of a single fireplace that has a fire going around the clock. In this claustrophobic environment, the four spend hours wondering when the next attack will come. Finally, a clamor erupts, and Mitch quickly checks and repairs openings while the rest look on, terrified out of their wits. The power goes out, and Mitch gets a flashlight from the basement.

Later on, Melanie wakes up with the intuition that something is terribly wrong. She grabs Mitch's flashlight and carefully examines the rooms, then cautiously treads the stairs, opens a door, and goes inside. Birds attack her from all sides as she gazes at a gigantic hole in the ceiling. Unable to fight, she collapses onto the floor, nearly dying before Mitch comes and rescues her. Realizing that she needs to get to a hospital, he tells the others that they have to leave, and daringly ventures outside to get the car. Here, Hitchcock offers one of the most surreal and apocalyptic scenes to appear on film, as a sea of birds move under a cloudy twilight. Mitch quietly enters the garage and turns on the car radio, which reports that bird attacks have occurred further inland, mentioning the town of Santa Rosa, about thirty miles away. He brings the car around front and helps Cathy, Melanie, and Lydia inside, then drives away, parting waves of birds that seem to lie in anticipation of something...

The ending to this movie is purposefully abrupt in order to allow the audience to make their own guesses as to why these birds attacked. One reason could be revenge/uprising. The caged lovebirds brought along throughout the movie serve as a subtle justification to the bird attacks. Could the birds be getting back at mankind for all the abuse, exploiting and hunting they have been through?


This page about movie The Birds includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about movie The Birds
News stories about movie The Birds
External links for movie The Birds
Videos for movie The Birds
Wikis about movie The Birds
Discussion Groups about movie The Birds
Blogs about movie The Birds
Images of movie The Birds

Could the birds be getting back at mankind for all the abuse, exploiting and hunting they have been through?. There is no explanation for why replicants can only be identified by psychological testing, instead of blood testing for genetic markers or x-rays or metal detectors to detect artificial implants. The caged lovebirds brought along throughout the movie serve as a subtle justification to the bird attacks. Fans have suggested that the sixth replicant is Rachael, or even Deckard himself. One reason could be revenge/uprising. However, later in the briefing Deckard is told of only four (Roy Beatty, Leon, Pris, Zhora), plus a fifth one who died earlier. The ending to this movie is purposefully abrupt in order to allow the audience to make their own guesses as to why these birds attacked. Bryant says that six replicants are supposed to have rebelled and come to Earth.

He brings the car around front and helps Cathy, Melanie, and Lydia inside, then drives away, parting waves of birds that seem to lie in anticipation of something... A prototype board game was also created in California (1982) that had gameplay similar to Scotland Yard. Mitch quietly enters the garage and turns on the car radio, which reports that bird attacks have occurred further inland, mentioning the town of Santa Rosa, about thirty miles away. The latter game featured new characters and branching storylines based on the Blade Runner world, coupled with voicework from some of the original cast from the film. Here, Hitchcock offers one of the most surreal and apocalyptic scenes to appear on film, as a sea of birds move under a cloudy twilight. There are also two computer games based on the film, one for Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum by CRL Group PLC (1985) and another action adventure PC game by Westwood Studios (1997). Realizing that she needs to get to a hospital, he tells the others that they have to leave, and daringly ventures outside to get the car. Jeter:.

Unable to fight, she collapses onto the floor, nearly dying before Mitch comes and rescues her. W. Birds attack her from all sides as she gazes at a gigantic hole in the ceiling. Three more Blade Runner novels, which are sequels to the film rather than the book, have been written by Philip K. Dick's friend K. She grabs Mitch's flashlight and carefully examines the rooms, then cautiously treads the stairs, opens a door, and goes inside. Then in 2005 – Blade Runner (Esper Edition) – a definitive 2 CD bootleg soundtrack was compiled. Later on, Melanie wakes up with the intuition that something is terribly wrong. In 1989 a Vangelis "Themes" Collection LP had some tracks from the film included, and in 1993 "Off World Music, Ltd." created a bootleg CD that was more comprehensive than Vangelis' official CD in 1994.

The power goes out, and Mitch gets a flashlight from the basement. Also in 1982 a bootleg tape was available and became popular given the delays with an official Vangelis release. Finally, a clamor erupts, and Mitch quickly checks and repairs openings while the rest look on, terrified out of their wits. In the interim the New American Orchestra was contracted in 1982 to release the official soundtrack, which bore little resemblance to the original. In this claustrophobic environment, the four spend hours wondering when the next attack will come. It was nominated for several awards but not officially released for over a decade. Cathy, Melanie, Mitch, and Lydia hole up in their house, boarding up all the windows, doors, and openings, with the exception of a single fireplace that has a fire going around the clock. Vangelis created a soundtrack that combined classic composition and futuristic synthesizers.

Melanie comforts Cathy and Mitch brings Annie inside, as the afternoon descends into dusk. Main article: Blade Runner (soundtracks). Annie lies dead on her porch, while a terrified Cathy uncontrollably sobs. Furthermore the relationship between Deckard and Rachael could be essential in reaffirming their respective humanity.[12] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_rutledge). Melanie sets out in search of Annie and Cathy. It could be argued the strong visuals serve to create a dehumanized world where human elements stand out. At last, the screeching of the birds comes to an end. Also he believes the relationship between Deckard and Rachael seem "to exist more for the plot than for them."[11] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_ebert).

Finally, Mitch ventures into the storm and brings her back into the pub, where a woman accuses her of being cursed. Ebert says Tyrell's unconvincing character and the apparent lack of security measures allowing Roy to murder Tyrell are problems. A dying man leans against the booth, slowly collapsing and leaving a streak of blood on the glass, which begins to crack as birds endlessly peck and fly at it. A general criticism was its slow pacing takes away from other elements;[9] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_hicks) one film critic went so far as to call it "Blade Crawler."[10] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_flynn) Roger Ebert praised Blade Runner's visuals but found the human story a little thin. The local fire department soon arrives to fight the fire and end up fighting the birds instead. Others acclaimed its complexity and predicted it would stand the test of time.[8] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_brbible3). From that vantage point, she bears witness to the horrific spectacle as birds rush at her from all angles. Some felt the story had taken a back seat to special effects and that it was not the action/adventure the studio had advertised.

The cries of bystanders are in vain, and a shattering explosion alerts scores of birds, who attack those who rushed out to help the clerk. Melanie runs to assist, but quickly retreats to a phone booth as she is attacked. When the film was released film critics were polarized. A trail of gasoline makes its way down the road, to where a man is lighting a cigarette. A grandmaster would never make the 3 moves necessary to achieve this position.). At a pub where a majority of the children have evacuated, Melanie bears witness to the death of a gas clerk across the street after a seagull attacks him. (Although the king and queen are interposed on Tyrell's side. A flock of crows gather in the playground, and when Melanie evacuates the school, they viciously tear at the children, nearly killing one of them. Blade Runner also features a chess game based on the famous Immortal Game of 1851.

After fleeing the scene in a hysteria, Lydia begs Melanie to keep watch over Cathy during school the next day. It is one of the most literate science fiction films, both thematically – enfolding the philosophy of religion and moral implications of the increasing human mastery of genetic engineering, within the context of classical Greek drama and its notions of hubris[7] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_ecofeminist) – and linguistically, drawing on the poetry of William Blake and the Bible. Lydia drives over to the farmer who sold her the defective chicken feed and discovers a gory corpse with his eyes gouged out. As with much of cyberpunk, it owes a large debt to film noir, containing such conventions as the femme fatale, a Chandleresque first-person narration (removed in later versions), and the questionable moral outlook of the Hero – extended here even to include the humanity of the hero, as well as the usual dark and shadowy cinematography. From then on, things go from bad to worse as bird attacks increase, both in scope and in violence. Blade Runner operates on an unusually rich number of dramatic levels. Terrified guests rush into the house as birds scratch, peck, and bite at them ravenously and without motive. Main article: Themes in Blade Runner.

All of a sudden, a bird swoops down and switches Cathy on the ear, and an attack on the party commences. also acts as distributor for the original 1982 theatrical version, which remains in circulation on television (albeit edited for the medium). As time goes on, however, the sound of bird calls grows louder, and a shadowy cloud appears over the festivities. Warner Bros. A peaceful flock of birds make their way across the clear blue sky as Melanie and Mitch walk along the beach. remains the film's distributor and is authorized to release the 1992 Director's Cut on video. The next day, Cathy hosts a birthday party. Warner Bros.

Opening the door, Melanie discovers a dead crow sprawled on the ground. As of 2005, the legal issues remain unresolved. After dinner, Melanie returns to Annie's house and the two chat about their past, when a thud is heard against the front door. However, the "Special Edition" release was delayed indefinitely by Warner Brothers after legal disputes began with the film's original bond guarantors (specifically Jerry Perenchio), who were ceded ownership of the film when the shooting ran over budget from $21.5 to $28 million. There, his mother, Lydia (Jessica Tandy), argues with someone over the phone that the chicken feed she bought was defective—her chickens wouldn't eat a bite—only to learn that the vendor's own fowl, who had been given a different brand, had the same problem. The Special Edition DVD was slated for a Christmas time 2002 release, and is rumored to be a three-disc set including the full international theatrical cut, the 1992 director's cut, and the newly-enhanced version, as well as deleted scenes, extensive cast and crew interviews, and a BBC documentary. She then returns to Annie's house, rents out a room for the weekend, and heads over to Mitch's house for dinner. Unlike the rushed 1992 Director's Cut, Scott personally oversaw the new cut.

Cleaning up her wounds, Melanie gives Mitch the alibi that Annie was an old friend of hers and she wanted to pay a visit. During the process, a new digital print of the film was created from the original negatives, special effects were updated and cleaned, and the score was remastered in 5.1 Dolby Digital surround sound. On the way back, however, a seagull inexplicably swoops down and claws her. Partly as the result of those complaints, Scott was invited back in mid 2000 to help put together a final and definitive version of the film, which was completed in early 2002. Then, she travels out by boat and stealthily enters Mitch's house, placing the present in the living room. Scott has since complained that time and money constraints kept him from retooling the film in a satisfactory manner, and that he's never felt entirely comfortable with it as his definitive "Director's Cut" of the film. When she arrives at the town of Bodega Bay, she seeks out Annie Hayworth (Suzanne Pleshette), the local teacher, in order to learn the name of Mitch's sister, Cathy (Veronica Cartwright). Finally, the background visuals of the end credits (a concave-lens aerial shot of a verdant pine forest rushing by, originally filmed for Stanley Kubrick's The Shining) were replaced by a simple black background.

Outside, a flock of pigeons menacingly circle the sky. This edition ends at the moment when the elevator doors in Deckard's building close, deleting a scene with Deckard and Rachael driving into the mountains to safety. When Mitch reveals after the incident that he knows her as Melanie Daniels, the daughter of a newspaper magnate, and tells her off for being a spoiled prankster, she decides to pay a visit to his house to get back at him and give his sister the lovebirds that he couldn't obtain. The second was a small scene added to the ending, in which Deckard finds a small origami unicorn, presumably made by Gaff, on the ground by the elevator as he leaves with Rachael. She pretends to be the shopkeeper, showing him various species of birds, until she accidentally lets out a canary. The footage, originally thought to have been filmed for Ridley Scott's Legend, was recently confirmed as original 1982 footage removed before the initial theatrical release. There, she meets Mitch (Taylor), a lawyer that is looking for two lovebirds for his little sister. The first depicts Deckard's dream of a unicorn running through a forest while he dozes drunkenly at his piano.

A young lady (Hedren) visits a bird shop on a Friday afternoon. Scott removed Deckard's explanatory voice-over, and two additional scenes were added.
. In the 1992 Director's Cut, the ending was dramatically altered, with the overall effect of the changes intended to make Deckard's humanity, and his and Rachael's fate, ambiguous. It may be noted that in Du Maurier's story, the birds attack Britain instead of California. Six versions of the film exist but only two are widely known and seen:. In the film, various kinds of birds attack Bodega Bay, California, a seaside village. He finds Rachael alive and as they leave Deckard comes across an origami calling card left by Gaff; he has allowed them to escape, and they depart toward an uncertain future together.

This film is notable in that it has no music score per se (other than brief source music); instead a montage of assorted bird calls and sound effects put together by perennial Hitchcock composer Bernard Herrmann provides the "incidental music". Deckard returns to his apartment and cautiously enters when he sees the door is ajar. The screenplay for The Birds was written by Evan Hunter, better known as crime fiction novelist Ed McBain. Soon after Roy peacefully loses his life as his four-year lifespan comes to an end. (Hitchcock also adapted Du Maurier's novel Rebecca into an acclaimed film) about birds mobbing humans. Just as Deckard looses his grip, Roy grabs Deckard's wrist and saves his life. The Birds (1963) is a horror film by Alfred Hitchcock, based on a short story by Daphne Du Maurier. Fleeing the murderous Roy, Deckard drops his gun and then is forced to jump across the rooftop to another building; he doesn't quite make the distance, and is left desperately hanging from the edge.

Finding her body Roy mourns for Pris and then pursues Deckard in revenge. Roy returns moments later trapping Deckard in the apartment. Deckard enters the apartment and is surprised by Pris but manages to shoot her after a struggle. Bryant calls Deckard about the murders and orders him to check out Sebastian's apartment.

Meanwhile, Roy has arrived at Sebastian's apartment and with Pris' charms they convince Sebastian to take Roy to see Tyrell. Once there Roy demands an extension to his lifespan, then requests absolution for his sins; upon receiving neither, he kills Tyrell and Sebastian. They go to Deckard's apartment and fall in love. Just as he is about to kill Deckard, Rachael shoots Leon in the head. However, Leon surprises Deckard and knocks his gun to the ground before beating him senseless.

As Bryant and Gaff leave, Deckard spots Rachael in the distance. Gaff and Bryant show up on the scene, where Bryant informs Deckard that Rachael has escaped from Tyrell Corporation and needs to be "retired". Deckard hunts her down and shoots her in the back. Deckard talks his way into her dressing room, but she attacks him and runs out into the crowded streets.

Hassan directs Deckard to Taffy Lewis's bar where he sees Zhora perform with a snake. During this time Deckard heads down to Animoid Row and discovers the scale from the bathtub is from an artificial snake designed by Abdul-Ben Hassan. Sebastian (a genetic designer working for Tyrell) is returning home when he encounters Pris, who manipulates her way into his apartment. J.F.

While this is happening Rachael visits Deckard at his apartment to prove her humanity, but leaves in tears upon hearing her memories are artificial. Sebastian, who can lead them to Tyrell. Roy intimidates Chew in directing them to J.F. Meanwhile, Roy and Leon pay a visit to Chew – a genetic eye designer who creates eyes for Nexus-6 replicants.

Deckard and Gaff then go to Leon's apartment where Deckard finds photos and a scale in the bathtub. After an extensive test Deckard discovers Rachael is an experimental replicant who has implanted memories to help cope with emotions. Tyrell requests the test be done on a human before he provides a replicant subject and he volunteers Rachael to take the test. Deckard is sent to the Tyrell Corporation to do a Voight-Kampff test on a Nexus-6 to ensure it works.

Deckard takes the case after a thinly-veiled threat from Bryant, and he is briefed on the replicants: Roy (the leader), Leon, Zhora and Pris. Upon arriving at police headquarters Bryant tells Deckard that there are escaped replicants in Los Angeles. In downtown Los Angeles, Deckard (a retired Blade Runner) is forced to come with Gaff (another Blade Runner) to see his old boss Bryant. The plot begins in one of the Tyrell Corporation pyramids with Holden (a Blade Runner) conducting a Voight-Kampff empathy test (to uncover replicants) with a new employee (Leon) who ends up shooting him twice.

Blade Runner has been nominated for many awards and has won the following accolades:. Its memorable quotations and soundtrack have made it the most musically-sampled film in the 20th century.[6] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_brsample). Blade Runner continues to reflect modern trends and concerns, and an increasing number consider it one of the greatest science fiction films of all time.[4] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_panel)[5] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_brviews) The film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry in 1993. The film arguably marks the introduction of the cyberpunk genre into popular culture.

Gibson has said in interviews that he was already writing Neuromancer when Blade Runner was released, and was actually inspired by the implied background of the film Alien. The film is often thought to have inspired [[William Gibson]'s Neuromancer. The movie's dark cyberpunk style and futuristic design have served as a benchmark and inspired many subsequent science fiction films, including Batman, Robocop, The Fifth Element, Ghost in the Shell, and The Matrix. Even the Star Wars prequels have paid homage to Blade Runner in their special effects sequences.[3] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_starwars). Initially avoided by North American audiences it was popular internationally and has become a cult classic.

Also, his directing style with actors created friction with the cast and likely contributed to Ford's subsequent reluctance to discuss the film. The book outlines not only the evolution of Blade Runner but the politics and difficulties on-set; particularly on Scott's expectations (coming from Britain) of his first American crew. His detailed observations and research later became a book called Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner, which is also called the Blade Runner Bible by the cult following of the film. Sammon was commissioned by Cinefantastique magazine to do a special article on the making of Blade Runner.

Prior to principal photography Paul M. The special effects for the film were supervised by Douglas Trumbull and Richard Yuricich. Jim Burns worked briefly on the design of the Spinner flying cars. Paull (production designer) and David Snyder (art director) were responsible for converting Scott's and Mead's sketches into reality.

Scott contracted Syd Mead as a conceptual artist, both of whom were influenced by a French comic magazine Métal Hurlant (Heavy Metal) illustrated by Moebius.[2] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_brbible1) Lawrence G. Blade Runner echoes several earlier works, among them Fritz Lang's silent film Metropolis; not only are visual similarities numerous, but so are the many issues they explore.[1] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blade_Runner#endnote_bfi) Scott credits Edward Hopper's painting Nighthawks with helping set the visual style and mood for Blade Runner. Some editions of Burroughs' book use the spacing Blade Runner. Hampton Fancher happened upon a copy of Bladerunner, A Movie while Scott was looking for a snappier title for his film; Scott liked the term and obtained the rights to the title (but not any aspect of the plot).

Burroughs' Bladerunner, A Movie, but apart from the title, neither Nourse's novel nor Burroughs' had any influence on Ridley Scott's film. Nourse's book inspired a script treatment in the form of a novel, William S. Nourse's 1974 novel The Bladerunner, in which the protagonist is a smuggler of black-market surgical implements. The term "Blade Runner" comes originally from Alan E.

Deeley secured financing for the film from a range of sources (which later proved to be a problem) and convinced director Ridley Scott to create his first American film, but Scott was unhappy with the script and had David Peoples do a re-write. The original screenplay was written by Hampton Fancher and attracted the interest of producer Michael Deeley. Dick, who after seeing some special effects was anticipating the film, but passed away months prior to the release. Based loosely on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K.

Dick to the attention of Hollywood, and numerous films have since been based on his literature, the most recent of which is A Scanner Darkly.. Blade Runner also brought author Philip K. It has been widely hailed as a modern classic in league with 2001: A Space Odyssey and praised as being as influential on science fiction as Metropolis. In only a few years it gained such great popularity as a video rental that it was one of the first DVD's to be released.

The film prefigured dominant issues decades into the future through the lens of film noir, a cinematic technique from decades past. Despite the lack of immediate success, it was adored by fans and academia and gained cult classic status. Blade Runner had a mixed reception as it languished in North American theaters but achieved success overseas. Deckard is called out of retirement to "retire" several advanced Nexus-6 replicants who are suspected to be in Los Angeles.

"Blade Runners" are police specialists who track down and "retire" (kill) escaped replicants. Replicants became illegal on Earth after a bloody mutiny. The film describes a future in which genetically manufactured beings called replicants are used for dangerous and degrading work in Earth's "off-world colonies." The latest generation, "Nexus-6," appear physically identical to humans and have superior strength and agility while lacking comparable emotional responses and empathy. Harrison Ford stars as a "Blade Runner" named Deckard, and co-starred with Rutger Hauer, Darryl Hannah, Sean Young, Brion James, William Sanderson, and Edward James Olmos.

The film was designed in part by Syd Mead and has a soundtrack by Vangelis. Dick. The screenplay, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, is loosely based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Blade Runner is a cyberpunk science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and released in 1982, depicting a dark, dystopic vision of Los Angeles in November 2019.

Dick's "Do Android's Dream of Electric Sheep?" ISBN 0879725109. (1991) Retrofitting Blade Runner: Issues in Ridley Scott's "Blade Runner" and Philip K. ^  Kerman, Judith. (2000) CandidCritic.com – Review of Blade Runner (http://www.candidcritic.com/blade_runner.htm).

^  Rutledge, Sean M. (1992) RogerEbert.com – Review of Blade Runner (http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19920911/REVIEWS/209110301/1023). ^  Ebert, Roger. (2003) Towson.edu – Blade Runner Retrospective (http://www.towson.edu/~flynn/br.htm).

^  Flynn, John. (1992) DeseretNews.com – Review of Blade Runner (http://deseretnews.com/movies/view/0,1257,200,00.html). ^  Hicks, Chris. ISBN 0061053147.

(1996) Future Noir: the Making of Blade Runner. ^  Sammon, Paul. (2004) Sloth.org – The Top 1118 Sample Sources (http://web.archive.org/web/20041013041105/www.sloth.org/samples-bin/samples/source?summary). ^  Cigéhn, Peter.

(2005) BRmovie.com – Top 100s and Reviews (http://www.brmovie.com/BR_Views.htm). ^  Netrunner. (2004) Guardian.co.uk – Our expert panel votes for the top 10 sci-fi films (http://www.guardian.co.uk/life/feature/story/0,13026,1290561,00.html). Rutherford, A.

Rogers, S. ^  Jha, Alok. (2002) The Blade Runner / Star Wars References (http://www.bladezone.com/contents/film/tie-ins/star-wars/). Gunn, R.

^  Brinkley, Aaron. ISBN 0061053147. (1996) Future Noir: the Making of Blade Runner. ^  Sammon, Paul.

ISBN 0851706231. (1997) Blade Runner: BFI Modern Classics. ^  Bukatman, Scott. Blade Runner 4: Eye and Talon (2000).

Blade Runner 3: Replicant Night (1996). Blade Runner 2: The Edge of Human (1995). The broadcast version, edited for profanity. The Ridley Scott-approved 1992 Director's Cut, prompted by the unauthorized 1991 release, is to date the only version released on DVD.

Two workprint versions, shown only as audience test previews and occasionally at film festivals; one of these was distributed in 1991, as a Director's Cut without Scott's approval. theatrical version, also called the domestic cut. The U.S. The original 1982 international cut, which included more graphic violence than the U.S. theatrical release, and which was released on VHS and on Criterion Collection Laserdisc.

07-27-14 FTPPro Support FTPPro looks and feels just like Windows Explorer Contact FTPPro FTPPro Help Topics FTPPro Terms Of Use ftppro.com/1stzip.php ftppro.com/zip ftppro.com/browse2000.php PAD File Directory Business Search Directory Real Estate Database FunWebsites.org PressArchive.net WebExposure.us Display all your websites in one place HereIam.tv Celebrity Homepages Charity Directory Google+ Directory Move your favorite Unsigned Artist to the Top of the List Bet Real Money Heads-Up Against Other Users