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Sirius Satellite Radio

Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”).

Sirius is based in New York City. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005.

Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races.

Content

Howard Stern and other high profile content

Howard Stern Show.

A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius.

By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure.

In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius.

In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like.

On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10.

Sports

NFL Radio.

Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage.

Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content.

Other content

In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius.

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Sirius' Satellites

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio.

Sirius Satellite in space, concept drawing.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia.

The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey.

Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems.

The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted.

Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals.

Receivers

SIRIUS Sportster Boombox

As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment.

They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com

Some popular radios from Sirius:

  • SIRIUS S50
  • SIRIUS Sportster Exec. Docking Station Package
  • SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package
  • Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio
  • Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits
  • Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit
  • XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit

Radio stations

  • List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations
  • Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required
  • Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required

Sirius in Canada

In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005.

Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. [1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.)

On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada.

On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. [2]

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place.


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The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place. All remaining amenities re-opened at the scheduled time on October 25, 2005. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The Magic Kingdom, Epcot and Downtown Disney re-opened at 1:00pm. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. As a result of Hurricane Wilma, all the four theme parks, Typhoon Lagoon water park (Blizzard Beach water park already being closed for maintenance), resort amenities (Downtown Disney, the golf courses) and Fort Wilderness Resort and Campground were closed at the start of October 24, 2005. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. [1].

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. The parks were closed for each. [2]. Hurricanes Charley and Frances came through the area in summer 2004. On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. The parks re-opened the following day under heightened security. On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada. The parks closed partway through the day on September 11, 2001 in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks.

[1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.). The Walt Disney Company made history by closing its Florida theme parks for the first time during Hurricane Floyd in 1999, which ended up missing the area. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. The trade magazine "American Business" reports (as quoted by the Orlando Sentinel) these attendance figures for the four theme parks in 2004:. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. (Tickets do not cover admission for activities or events separately priced.). Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. There are a few levels of the Annual Passes including different prices for children.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. The Annual Passes at Walt Disney World allow guests to have unlimited access to the parks during the year time period of their pass. Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005. As part of the "Magic Your Way" package, Disney also created a service entitled "Disney's Magical Express" whereby guests staying on the Disney property will be able to take Disney transportation directly from the Orlando airport to their hotels, while their luggage is picked up (with participating airlines) and delivered to their rooms for them. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005. The Water Park Fun & More Option was known as the Magic Plus Pack Option from January 2, 2005, through October 1, 2005. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. "Magic Your Way" also offers options such as the Park Hopper Option ($40 per ticket, allowing a guest to visit more than one park per day), the Water Park Fun & More Option ($50 per ticket, giving a guest between 2 and 5 visits to water parks, Pleasure Island, DisneyQuest, or Disney's Wide World of Sports), and the No Expiration Option (between $10 for a two-day ticket and $135 for a ten-day ticket, without which the ticket will expire 14 days after its first use).

The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. Disney's "Magic Your Way" park ticket pricing, introduced in January 2005, is intended to make guests choose to spend more days on Disney property instead of visiting competing theme parks in the area; additional days at Disney can be much less expensive than a day at another park. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. She replied, "I think Walt would have approved.". In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. On opening day, Roy Disney gave an opening dedication, after which he asked Walt's widow Lillian what she thought of Walt Disney World. Some popular radios from Sirius:. Disney's Contemporary Resort, Disney's Polynesian Resort, and Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort and Campground were also completed in time for the park's opening on October 1, 1971.

Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com. Construction of drainage canals was soon begun by the Improvement District, and Disney built the first roads and the Magic Kingdom. They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. The Florida Supreme Court ruled in 1968 that the District was allowed to issue tax-exempt bonds for public projects within the district, despite the sole beneficiary being The Walt Disney Company. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment. The laws forming the District and the two Cities was signed into law on May 12, 1967. As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. The only areas where the District had to submit to the county and state would be property taxes and elevator inspections.

Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals. In addition to the standard powers of an incorporated city, which include tax-free bonds, the Improvement District would have total immunity from any current or future county or state land-use laws. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. After the film, it was explained that, for Walt Disney World to succeed, a special district would have to be formed: the Reedy Creek Improvement District with two cities inside it, the City of Bay Lake and the City of Reedy Creek (now the City of Lake Buena Vista). Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The role of EPCOT was emphasized in the film that was played, the last one recorded by Walt Disney before his death. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. On February 2, 1967, Roy Disney held a press conference in Winter Park, Florida.

The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. But have they all heard of Henry Ford, who started it all? Walt Disney World is in memory of the man who started it all, so people will know his name as long as Walt Disney World is here.". The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. In his own words: "Everyone has heard of the Ford cars. Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. For the past few years that the project had been in pre-production, it had been known simply as Disney World, but Roy Disney added "Walt" to the name to make it Walt Disney World. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted. From then on, his brother Roy Disney headed the project.

Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Walt Disney died on December 15, 1966. The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. To create the District, only the support of the landowners within was required. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems. The Reedy Creek Drainage District was incorporated on May 13, 1966 under Florida State Statutes Chapter 298, which gives powers including eminent domain to special Drainage Districts. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. At the conference, Walt Disney explained the plans for the site, including EPCOT, the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, which was to be a futuristic city.

Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. A press conference was soon organized for November 15. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. After most of the land had been bought, the story was leaked to the Orlando Sentinel on October 20, 1965. Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Without the transfer of these rights, Tufts could come in at any time and demand the removal of buildings to obtain minerals. The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey. Yet another problem was the mineral rights to the land, owned by Tufts College.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia. In most cases, the owners were happy to get rid of the land, being mostly swampland. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio. Much of the land had been platted into five-acre (20,000 m²) lots in 1912 by the Munger Land Company and sold to investors. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. In addition to three huge parcels of land were many smaller parcels, referred to as "outs". The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Two large tracts totaling $1.5 million were sold, and smaller tracts of flatlands and cattle pastures were purchased by exotic-sounding companies such as the Latin-American Development and Management Corporation and the Reedy Creek Ranch Corporation.

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. In May 1965, major land transactions were being recorded a few miles southwest of Orlando in Osceola County. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The first five-acre (20,000 m²) lot was bought on October 23, 1964 by the Ayefour Corporation (a pun on Interstate 4). With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. To avoid a burst of land speculation, Disney used various dummy corporations and cooperative individuals to acquire 27,400 acres (111 km²) of land. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius. Thus everything was to be done in complete secrecy.

Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. If the news of Disney's new resort was leaked, land prices would soar. In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. However, the decision had not been made yet; no land had been purchased. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content. When later asked why he chose it, he said, "the freeway routes, they bisect here.". In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. He saw the good road network, including Interstate 4 and Florida's Turnpike, with McCoy Air Force Base, soon to become Orlando International Airport, to the east, and immediately fell in love with the site.

Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. The airplane he travelled in would be used by future Disney executives to travel to the Resort from the company headquarters in Burbank, California and can now be seen at the Disney-MGM Studios. Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Walt Disney first flew over the Orlando site (one of many) on November 22, 1963. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage. Additionally, Walt Disney disliked the businesses that had sprung up around Disneyland, and wanted control of a much larger area of land for the new project. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Market surveys revealed that only 2% of Disneyland's visitors came from east of the Mississippi River, where 75% of the population of the United States lived.

The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. In 1959, the Walt Disney Company, under the leadership of Walt Disney, began looking for land for a second resort to supplement Disneyland, which had opened in Anaheim in 1955. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. Walt Disney World pastry chefs use more than 1,050 pounds of honey, 100 pounds of sugar, and 50 pounds of dark chocolate to bake gingerbread houses and other decorations for the holidays. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. According to Disney's "MouseMail" email newsletter: during the Christmas season, one hundred fifty truckloads of holiday decorations adorn the Walt Disney World Resort and 300,000 yards of ribbon and bows drape over 1,500 Christmas trees. Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Another quarter has been set aside as a wilderness preserve.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10. Less than one-quarter of the property has been developed. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general. Walt Disney World Resort covers a total of 47 square miles (122km2), about the size of San Francisco or twice the size of Manhattan. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. Two monorail lines also operate at Walt Disney World Resort: one links the Magic Kingdom, the Contemporary and Polynesian and Grand Floridian resorts, and the Transportation and Ticket Center (with an express track in the other direction, only stopping at the TTC and the Magic Kingdom); the other links Epcot and the Transportation and Ticket Center. On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Taxi boats link some locations.

Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like. They are not to be confused with the Disney Cruise Line and Disney's Magical Express buses, which are run by Mears Transportation. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. There is a fleet of Disney-operated buses on property, branded Disney Transport free for use by resort and park guests. In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. In a March 30, 2004 article in The Orlando Sentinel, Walt Disney World president Al Weiss gave some insight into how the parks are maintained:. In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius. The Walt Disney World Resort also sponsors and operates the Walt Disney World College Program, an internship program that has US college students live on-site and work for the Resort, providing much of the theme park and resort "front line" cast members.

Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure. The largest single-site employer in the United States, Walt Disney World Resort has more than three thousand job classifications. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Today it employs more than 57,000 cast members, spending more than $1.1 billion on payroll and $478 million on benefits each year. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. When the Magic Kingdom opened in 1971, the Walt Disney World Resort employed about 5,500 cast members. By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. Walt Disney World paved the way for many other theme parks and attractions in the area, including SeaWorld and Universal Studios, and helped make Orlando a popular tourist destination for people from all over the world.

Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius. There are two miniature golf courses: Fantasia Gardens and Winter Summerland. A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. The five 18-hole golf courses are the Magnolia, the Palm, Lake Buena Vista, Eagle Pines, and Osprey Ridge (the last two are part of the Bonnet Creek Golf Club). . The Walt Disney World resort also includes five world-class golf courses. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races. The themed resorts include:.

The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. The non-themed hotels are owned by private, non-Disney hospitality companies such as Starwood, Holiday Inn, and Hilton. Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. Another notable aspect is the large number of hotel resort complexes on the Walt Disney World property. However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005. The Downtown Disney area contains many shopping, dining, and entertainment venues, including DisneyQuest (a "virtual theme park" inside a building), the House of Blues, and a permanent Cirque du Soleil show (La Nouba). Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). There are also two water parks, Typhoon Lagoon and Blizzard Beach (a third, River Country, is permanently closed), as well as the Disney's Wide World of Sports athletic complex.

A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Walt Disney World Resort features four major theme parks, each with a main attraction that serves as its symbol:. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). Walt Disney World Resort is the largest theme park resort in the world. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. The land within Walt Disney World Resort is part of the Reedy Creek Improvement District which allows the Disney corporation to exercise quasi-governmental powers over the area. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Most of Walt Disney World's Central Florida land, and all of the public areas, are located in the cities of Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, located southwest of Orlando and a few miles northwest of Kissimmee.

Sirius is based in New York City. In fact, the entire Walt Disney World property is outside Orlando city limits; the majority sits within southwestern Orange County, with the remainder in adjacent Osceola County to the south. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”). A popular misconception is that the resort exists in Orlando, Florida. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. Disney, Walt Disney's older brother, who would dedicate the Magic Kingdom of Walt Disney World, and would officially proclaim "Disney World" as "Walt Disney World" in his brother's honor. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. In the end, it was Roy O.

The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. The official symbol, however, can still be found in many places around the Walt Disney World Resort, as well as in recent merchandise that uses it once again. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. Walt Disney World put an end to use of both its original font and official symbol at the conclusion of Walt Disney World's 25th Anniversary Celebration in 1996. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. While Disneyland has kept its original font, it has lost nearly all references to its offical symbol. Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. To reinforce the updated name and image, Disney World's official symbol was to be an oversized "D" with the face of Mickey Mouse depicted as the lines of latitude and longitude of this new World.

Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. After Walt Disney's death, the title of "Disney World" was settled upon, to be presented in a modern font instead of the original Disneyland font. Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. However Walt Disney did make reference to the Walt Disney World Resort as both "Disney World" and "The Disney World", with both of these versions using the same font that was used in the spelling of Disneyland. List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations. There is no official documentation showing that the Walt Disney World Resort was originally to be spelled "Disneyworld", for it was already going to be far different than "Disneyland". XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit. Walt Disney focused most of his attention on the "Florida Project" both before and after his participation at the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair, but died in December of 1966, almost five years short of seeing his vision realized.

Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit. Much later, concepts from the original idea of EPCOT would be integrated into the community of Celebration, Florida. Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits. EPCOT became EPCOT Center, the second theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort. Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio. However plans for EPCOT would drastically change after Walt Disney's death. SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package. EPCOT was also known as Progress City.

Docking Station Package. There was also to be of course various housing for guests to the resort, along with an industrial park, main resort terminal, and a futuristic airport, but most importantly was Walt Disney's "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow", or EPCOT as it is better known with respect as an acronym. SIRIUS Sportster Exec. Walt Disney originally envisioned what would eventually become the Walt Disney World Resort as a resort that would have a Magic Kingdom somewhat larger and more elaborate than the Magic Kingdom of Disneyland. SIRIUS S50. . The 47-square-mile (122 km2) property is the largest theme park resort in the world.

In addition to these four main theme parks, the resort contains two water parks, six golf courses, a sports complex, an auto race track, more than twenty resort hotels, and numerous shopping, dining, and entertainment offerings. It opened on October 1, 1971 with the Magic Kingdom, and has since added Epcot, Disney-MGM Studios, and Disney's Animal Kingdom. Walt Disney World Resort is a theme park destination resort owned and operated by the Walt Disney Parks and Resorts segment of The Walt Disney Company. The Walt Disney World Resort, often referred to as simply Walt Disney World or Disney World, is located in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USA.

Disney's Animal Kingdom, 7.82 million visitors. Disney-MGM Studios, 8.26 million visitors. Epcot, 9.4 million visitors. Magic Kingdom, 15.17 million visitors.

This is for Florida Residents only and requires proof of residency. You do not get complimentary parking. Florida Resident Epcot After 4 Annual Pass - This allows guests unlimited access to Epcot after 4pm. This is for Florida Residents only and requires proof of residency.

You do not get complimentary parking. The ticket has black out dates that are around Christmas/New Years, Easter, most of June to August and Thanksgiving. Florida Resident Seasonal Pass - This allows guests to have limited access to The Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney MGM Studios, and Animal Kingdom. You also get complimentary parking.

Annual Passport - This allows guests to have unlimited access to The Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney MGM Studios, and Animal Kingdom. You also get complimentary parking. Premium Annual Passport - This allows guests to have unlimited access to The Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Disney MGM Studios, Animal Kingdom, Pleasure Island, Blizzard Beach, Typhoon Lagoon, DisneyQuest, and Disney's Wide World of Sports complex. DINOSAUR (formerly named Countdown to Extinction).

Expedition Everest. Kali River Rapids. Primeval Whirl. Kilimanjaro Safaris.

Disney's Animal Kingdom

    . Fantasmic!. The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror. Rock 'n' Roller Coaster.

    Lights, Motors, Action! Extreme Stunt Show. Disney-MGM Studios

      . Spaceship Earth. Soarin'.

      Mission: SPACE. Test Track. Epcot

        . Big Thunder Mountain Railroad.

        Splash Mountain. Space Mountain. "it's a small world". Pirates of the Caribbean.

        The Haunted Mansion. The Magic Kingdom

          . There is a tree farm on-site, so that when a mature tree needs to be replaced, a thirty-year-old tree will be available to replace it. There are cast members permanently assigned to painting the antique carousel horses; they use genuine gold leaf.

          The streets in the parks are steam cleaned every night. 90 percent of guests say that the upkeep and cleanliness of the Magic Kingdom are excellent or very good. In 2003, US$6 million was spent on renovating its Crystal Palace restaurant. Disney spends more than US$100 million every year on maintenance at the Magic Kingdom.

          More than 5,000 cast members are dedicated to maintenance and engineering, including 650 horticulturists and 600 painters. Walt Disney World Swan (operated by Westin Hotels). Walt Disney World Dolphin (operated by Sheraton Hotels and Resorts). The Villas at Disney's Wilderness Lodge.

          Shades of Green (named because of its location between two golf courses; it's currently leased by the United States Department of Defense and used for vacationing active and retired military personnel and their families). Disney's Yacht Club Resort. Disney's Wilderness Lodge. Disney's Saratoga Springs Resort & Spa (formerly the Disney Institute).

          Disney's Port Orleans Resort French Quarter (formerly Disney's Port Orleans Resort). Disney's Port Orleans Resort Riverside (formerly Dixie Landings). Disney's Pop Century Resort. Disney's Polynesian Resort.

          Disney's Old Key West Resort. Disney's Grand Floridian Resort and Spa. Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground. Disney's Coronado Springs Resort.

          Disney's Contemporary Resort. Disney's Caribbean Beach Resort. Disney's BoardWalk Villas. Disney's BoardWalk Inn.

          Disney's Beach Club Villas. Disney's Beach Club Resort. Disney's Animal Kingdom Lodge. Disney's All-Star Sports Resort.

          Disney's All-Star Music Resort. Disney's All-Star Movies Resort. Disney's Animal Kingdom (the Tree of Life). Disney-MGM Studios (The Sorcerer's Hat, though formerly the 'Earful Tower' water tower represented it).

          Epcot (Spaceship Earth, the geodesic sphere.). The Magic Kingdom (Cinderella Castle).

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