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Sirius Satellite Radio

Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”).

Sirius is based in New York City. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005.

Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races.

Content

Howard Stern and other high profile content

Howard Stern Show.

A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius.

By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure.

In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius.

In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like.

On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10.

Sports

NFL Radio.

Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage.

Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content.

Other content

In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius.

With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

Sirius' Satellites

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio.

Sirius Satellite in space, concept drawing.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia.

The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey.

Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems.

The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted.

Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals.

Receivers

SIRIUS Sportster Boombox

As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment.

They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com

Some popular radios from Sirius:

  • SIRIUS S50
  • SIRIUS Sportster Exec. Docking Station Package
  • SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package
  • Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio
  • Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits
  • Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit
  • XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit

Radio stations

  • List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations
  • Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required
  • Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required

Sirius in Canada

In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005.

Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. [1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.)

On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada.

On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. [2]

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place.


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The blocking of the Howard Stern channels is anticipated to change once the announced return of Stern to Canada takes place. Whenever the Pope flies on a plane, it is nicknamed "Shepherd One." Typically, it is a chartered Alitalia jumbo jet, however, the nickname follows the Pope to smaller craft when necessary to land at small airports, for example, Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories in 1984 (aborted by fog) and 1988, when a Boeing 737 was used. However, Sirius cannot stop grey market receivers from picking up the American programming. The Concorde was also notably used to transport the Prime Minister from time to time, particularly to international conferences abroad; it should be noted, however, that Concordes were chartered from British Airways much like the Boeing 777 is currently. For example, the Sirius ONE radio is model "SV1" in the United States, but "SV1C" in Canada. [5]. Most of these radios have a 'C' suffix in the model name. [4] In 2003 then Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon told the House of Commons Intelligence and Security Committee that a military aircraft with advanced communications available to the Prime Minister was a necessary expense.

Sirius had previously disabled the Howard Stern channels on radios with a Canadian ESN number, even if they are subscribed to American content from an American address. Attempts by Tony Blair to acquire a dedicated government airliner have been reported as long ago as 1998 and such an aircraft has been labelled "Blair Force One" by the media. [2]. With the military burden on the VC-10 fleet increasing as the number of aircraft in service decreases (and their increasing obsolescence), the Prime Minister and Royal Family have increasingly used chartered British Airways jets for long range travel (typically Boeing 777s). On February 1, 2006, The Globe and Mail reported the announcement that Stern's show on Howard 100 would become available in Canada as of February 6, 2006. 32 Squadron's BAe 146 and BAe 125 aircraft for short range trips. On January 11, 2006, a Canadian writer interviewed on Stern's show announced an online petition to bring Stern to Sirius Canada. The Royal Air Force has historically been responsible for Royal and executive transportation with its Vickers VC-10 aircraft for long-range travel and No.

[1] (It should be noted that this figure also includes an unverified number of listeners who subscribed before the Canadian satellite radio services launched at all — the analysts' figures did not offer any estimate of how many Canadians chose a grey market subscription over Sirius Canada specifically because of Stern.). An international incident occurred in 2001 when the government claimed it had discovered 27 bugs embedded in the aircraft's interior; the plane had been refitted in San Antonio, Texas. Howard 100 News has stated on air that they estimate at least 60,000 grey market satellite subscriptions in Canada; in December, the Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail reported that business analysts in Canada estimate a total of 60,000 grey market subscribers to both Sirius and XM combined. A used Boeing 767 was purchased by the People's Republic of China government for use by President Jiang Zemin in 2000. A significant number of Canadians have purchased grey market subscriptions to Sirius' American service to listen to Stern, although owing to the nature of grey market economics a precise number is difficult to verify. The aircraft is maintained by Martinair. Despite popular belief that Stern's broadcast was banned by the CRTC, this is not the case — Sirius Canada, in fact, voluntarily chose not to air the program at the time of its launch in Canada. The callsign is PH-KBX; PH for the Netherlands and KBX for 'Koningin BeatriX' or 'Queen Beatrice'.

Sirius Canada did not initially carry Howard Stern. It is used to attend international conferences, but also for trips by the queen and the prince royal. Sirius Canada was officially launched December 1, 2005. The Dutch government operates a Fokker 70(F28-0070) as a means of transport for the Dutch Royal family and government officials, such as the prime minister and other ministers. After a lengthy debate, cabinet rejected the appeals on September 9, 2005. The planes share a similar scheme to Air Force One: Japan spelled out in Kanji and English on the fuselage, a red stripe painted across the windows from nose to tail, and the Hinomaru on the tail and both wings. The groups objected to Sirius’ approach to and reduced levels of Canadian content and French language programming, along with the exclusion of Canadian non-commercial broadcasting. Japan maintains two 747-47C (20-1101 and 20-1102) aircraft for the Prime Minister, the Emperor and Empress of Japan, and other Government Officials via the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.

The decision was appealed to the Canadian federal cabinet by a number of broadcasting, labour, and arts and culture organizations, including the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting, CHUM Limited, and the National Campus and Community Radio Association. More broadly, the German air force's "standby airlifting unit" (Flugbereitschaft) has about a dozen business jets and helicopters to handle the transportation needs of German senior officials. The application was approved on June 16, 2005. Germany's head-of-government uses the Konrad Adenauer, named after the first chancellor of (West) Germany. In November, 2004, a partnership between Sirius, Standard Broadcasting and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to introduce Sirius in Canada. Air France chartered flights are also used by French officials, most notably the Concorde when it was still in service with that airline. Some popular radios from Sirius:. The ETEC uses 6 Falcon 900 for travels within Europe, and 2 Airbus A319 for medium or long range flights.

Sirius' hardware lineup is available at Sirius.com. France's officials travel with the Escadron de transport, d'entraînement et de calibrage (ETEC, "Transportation, training and calibration squadron"), a unit under direct orders of the Ministry of Defence. They also make many receivers for aftermarket installs as well, including the Sportster Replay, Starmate Replay, Sirius S50 with built in 1GB MP3 player, and the Sirius One. A Boeing 707-328C XT-BBF, operated by Naganagani, is used to transport the President of Burkina Faso. Starting in 2006, all Rolls-Royce vehicles sold in the United States will come with a Sirius radio and lifetime subscription as standard equipment. The 707 was used until May of 2003, when president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva replaced it for a brand new Airbus A319 Corporate Jetliner, which despite being officially named Santos Dumont, is called Aerolula, in reference to the president's nickname. As of 2005, Sirius receivers are available for various new Audi, BMW, Chrysler, Dodge, Ford, Infiniti, Jaguar, Jeep, Land Rover, Lexus, Lincoln, Mazda, Mercedes-Benz, Mercury, Mini, Nissan, Scion, Toyota, Porsche, Volkswagen, and Volvo vehicles, and the service plans on adding availability for portable use. In 1986, president Jose Sarney purchased a Boeing 707, which was known as Sucatão (Big Junk).

Sirius also offers an adapter that allows conventional car radios to receive satellite signals. In 1967, Artur da Costa e Silva acquired a BAC-111, which was used until 1976, when president Ernesto Geisel replaced it with two Boeing 737-200. The chipset converts the signals from 2.3 gigahertz (GHz) to a lower intermediate frequency. In 1959, president Juscelino Kubitschek replaced it with two Vickers Viscounts. Inside the receiver module is a chipset consisting of eight chips. Brazil has had presidential aircraft since 1941, when Getulio Vargas purchased a Lockheed Lodestar. The signal is then passed on to the receiver module. In Addition, 412 Squadron operates four Bombardier Challenger 604 business jets (CC-144)[3] for VIP transport.

The antenna module picks up signals from the ground repeaters or the satellite, amplifies the signal and filters out any interference. The Canadian Air Force's 437 Squadron operates one of five Airbus A310-300s (CC-150 Polaris) in a VIP configuration for the transport of the Prime Minister, high ranking government officials and foreign dignitaries[2]. The Sirius receiver includes two parts -- the antenna module and the receiver module. The prime minister previously flew in custom-configured Royal Australian Air Force Boeing 707s that were larger than the 737s currently in use. Sirius offers car radios and home entertainment systems, as well as car and home kits for portable use. 34 Squadron RAAF (which also operates a number of smaller VIP aircraft), based at Fairbairn Airbase, Canberra. Signals are also beamed to ground repeaters for listeners in urban areas where the satellite signal can be interrupted. The planes are operated by the No.

Programs are beamed to one of the three Sirius satellites, which then transmit the signal to the ground, where your radio receiver picks up one of the channels within the signal. The aircraft are also made available to the British royal family (who are considered Australian Royals when in Australia), and were recently utilized by Prince Charles in 2005. The Sirius system is similar to that of its competitor. The Prime Minister regularly uses the jets for both domestic and international travel. A fourth satellite will remain on the ground, ready to be launched if any of the three active satellites encounter transmission problems. The two planes also had a range capability more than that of other Boeing Business Jets. Sirius completed its three-satellite constellation on November 30, 2000. In 2002, the Royal Australian Air Force acquired two new Boeing Business Jets fitted with facilities such as conference tables, offices suites, secure satellite and communication capabilities for use by Australian officials, especially the Prime Minister, the Minister for Foreign Affairs and the Governor-General.

Sirius says the elliptical path of its satellite constellation ensures that each satellite spends about 16 hours a day over the continental United States, with at least one satellite over the country at all times. [1]. Instead, its three SS/L-1300 satellites fly in geosynchronous (24-hour orbital period) inclined elliptical orbits. In the meantime, two chartered Boeing 747s operated by Aerolineas Argentinas currently serve the Presidential transport role. Sirius does not use Geostationary satellites. Tango-01, however, experienced engine trouble over Israel and is currently stranded in that nation. The Sirius uplink facility is located in Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey. Tango 01 has been at times an object of political contention (even a campaign issue during the 1999 Presidential elections), since many politicians and media commentators decry the aircraft as an unnecessary luxury; while others point at the discretion with which the plane is used by several Presidents, their families and their friends and allies for non-official purposes.

Sirius' satellites are called Radiosat (instead of after the company name), due to there already being a previous fleet of satellites launched also named SIRIUS, launched by Sweden's NSAB (Nordiska Satellitaktiebolaget, or Nordic Satellite AB) and used for general telecommunications and satellite tv throughout Sweden and the rest of Scandinavia. The current Presidential fleet includes a Boeing 757 popularly known as Tango 01 after its military registry, "T-01" (the "T" stands for "Transport", and is pronounced "Tango" in the NATO Alphabet), a Rockwell Sabreliner, a Fokker F28 and two helicopters, one Sikorsky S-70 and one Sikorsky S-76. The series of satellites from which they come, the SS/Loral LS-1300, is known to have problems with their solar array cells — a similar but more severe issue affects the Boeing satellites belonging to competitor XM Radio. This group is known as Agrupación Aérea Presidencial (Presidential Air Group), and belongs to the Argentine Air Force, but comes under the administration of the Casa Militar ("Military House"), the department responsible for Presidential security and transportation. Radiosat 4 is a ground spare, in storage at SS/Loral’s facility in Palo Alto, California. Argentina operates a small fleet of aircraft and helicopters for the use of the President, family, and senior government officials. The first three of the series were orbited in 2000 by Proton-K Block-DM3 launch vehicles. No other mode of transportation for government executives is as well-known as Air Force One; most nations, even industrialized ones, do not maintain a separate aircraft for heads of state and government, although most have a military "VIP fleet" that provides aircraft when senior government officials must travel.

Sirius’ spacecraft Radiosat 1 through Radiosat 4 were manufactured by Space Systems/Loral. on board the plane. Iceberg Radio is programmed by Standard Broadcasting, which also provides a number of additional channels exclusive to Canada; the other four come from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. In the book Deception Point by Dan Brown, Air Force One is described from the exterior and a number of miscellaneous facts are mentioned and one of the main characters meets the President of the U.S. With the launch of Sirius Canada in December 2005, American listeners gained five Canadian-produced stations including CBC Radio One, CBC Radio Three and Iceberg Radio in English, and Première Plus and Bandeapart in French. These shoes have become popular hip hop icons, and have even been the focus of a 2002 rap song by rapper Nelly aptly titled "Air Force Ones.". The deal with NPR was the first high-profile deal entered into by Sirius. In fashion, the term "Air Force Ones" is used to describe a particular all-white shoe that has been sold by Nike since the 1980s.

Sirius also has exclusive satellite radio rights to National Public Radio, carrying two separate streams. Union Pacific 4141 is an EMD SD70ACe locomotive with a paint scheme based on that of Air Force One. In June 2005, Sirius signed an agreement with BBC Radio 1 in the UK to rebroadcast the station to an American audience. In the Christian fiction series Left Behind, President Gerald Fitzhugh donates Air Force One to UN Secretary-General Nicolae Carpathia and christens it Global Community One (The Global Community being the name of Nicolae Carpathia's proposed One World Government). Sirius has also been aggressive in creating its own in-house produced studio sports radio content. The plane shown in the FMV's looks more like a Boeing 707 with a noticeably higher fuselage profile or the Airbus Beluga than the Boeing 747. In August 2004, Sirius launched NFL Radio, a 24-hour radio stream dedicated exclusively to covering the NFL. A stage of the arcade game Ghost Squad has the players retake "Air Force One" from a terrorist group.

Beginning in 2005 Sirius also has exclusive radio rights to cover the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. Further, in the film Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, the chancellor of the Klingon Empire is carried on a ship called Qo'noS One (pronounced as 'Kronos' - Qo'noS being the name of the Klingon homeworld). Sirius also has rights to a number of major college sports conferences, including the Big Ten and the Southeastern Conference as well as schools like Notre Dame. In both series, presidents take the oath of office in a scene closely modeled after the swearing in of Lyndon Johnson. Starting in 2007, Sirius will have full NASCAR coverage. Similarly, in the TV series Babylon 5, the President's ship bears the call sign Earth Force One. NHL games will be shared with XM for the 2005–2006 season, after which XM will have exclusive broadcast rights. The interior and role of the ship were heavily influenced by Air Force One.

The agreement also creates a 24-hour NBA Radio Channel, located on channel 127. The starship of Colonial President Laura Roslin in the Sci Fi Channel TV series Battlestar Galactica bore the call sign Colonial Heavy 798 until Roslin succeeded President Adar after he was killed in the Cylon attack, at which point it was renamed Colonial One. Sirius also announced in December 2005 a multi-year deal with the NBA, which makes the satellite radio company the broadcaster of more live NBA games than any other radio outlet. In Anthony Horowitz's novel Eagle Strike, the teenage spy Alex Rider is trapped inside the hijacked Air Force One, providing the reader a description of the plane's interior. Currently, Sirius has exclusive satellite radio broadcasting rights to all NFL and NBA games. After the plane crash lands on Victoria Island, the player must once again rescue the president from enemy forces, encountering portions of the aircraft and furniture thrown from the impact along the way. Another cornerstone of Sirius’ business strategy has been to pursue exclusive sports content. Then they have to protect the President and get him to the escape pod when aliens conspiring with NSA personnel invade the aircraft mid-flight via a troopship.

On October 25, 2005 Sirius announced that "E Street Radio", the exclusive channel of legendary artist Bruce Springsteen, would air from November 1, 2005 to January 31, 2006 on the Bridge - Channel 10. First they have to sneak aboard the plane at an Alaskan Air Force base. It was Karmazin who fiercely protected Stern in the wake of the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show (produced by MTV and aired by CBS, both co-owned with Infinity) and the FCC crackdown on shock jocks and obscenity, in general. The player, a secret agent, must attempt to stop the kidnapping of the President during these missions. Stern worked under Karmazin at Infinity Radio and the two men have always had a great deal of mutual respect for each other. Three missions of the Nintendo 64 video game Perfect Dark involve a futuristic Air Force One, and once again featured the escape pod. On November 18, 2004 the former COO and President of Viacom, Mel Karmazin, was named the CEO of Sirius. Air Force One has been featured in other films (Independence Day, Superman, and Escape from New York, which also featured the unconfirmable escape pod), books (The President's Plane is Missing), and TV series (The West Wing, Commander in Chief, 24 and NCIS).

Generally the personalities act as DJs hosting shows with music they personally like. The film was noted for its fancifully exaggerated depiction of the plane's capabilities; for example, the real Air Force One does not officially carry an escape capsule, though this cannot be refuted since the exact specifications of the aircraft are classified at the highest level. These shows are hosted by personalities including skateboard legend Tony Hawk, seven-time Tour de France champion Lance Armstrong, The B-52's lead singer Fred Schneider, NBA Hall of Famer Bill Walton and longtime New York City DJ “Cousin Brucie”, who was dropped by WCBS-FM after the station changed to its format from an oldies station to a “Jack” format. In the film, Russian terrorists hijack Air Force One and hold the President and other passengers hostage. In addition to the channel-programming deals, Sirius has also programmed a number of more conventional shows with well known personalities in a number of fields. Air Force One has often been featured in popular culture and fiction, most notably in the 1997 action movie Air Force One, starring Harrison Ford and directed by Wolfgang Petersen. In Howard Stern's first major hire for Sirius, Stern brought on board Tampa, FL based Bubba the Love Sponge, fired by Clear Channel due to a $750,000 fine proposed by the FCC Reuters, to do a show on Sirius. Air Force One is a prominent symbol of the presidency and its power; after the White House, it is probably the most recognized Presidential institution.

Beginning with the announcement of his imminent departure, Stern began to complain of one of his employers, Infinity Broadcasting, as trying to impede the success of his departure. New aircraft to fulfill the role of Air Force One may be acquired as soon as 2010, when the current 747s will be 20 years old. Stern stated that his move was forced by the stringent regulations of the FCC whose enforcement was intensified following the Super Bowl XXXVIII Halftime Show. Kennedy is on display at the Pima Air & Space Museum in Tucson, Arizona. The deal, which gave Sirius exclusive rights to Stern’s radio show, also gave Stern the right to build at least two full-time programming channels. A Douglas VC-118A Liftmaster used by John F. By far the biggest of these deals was announced on October 6, 2004 when Sirius announced that it signed a five-year, $500-million agreement with Howard Stern to move his radio show to Sirius starting on January 9, 2006. The Air Force One Pavilion was opened to the public on October 24, 2005.

Sirius has reached extensive deals with domestic diva Martha Stewart, E Street Band member Steven Van Zandt (aka Little Steven), Jimmy Buffett, and Eminem to executive produce streams on Sirius. The jet is part of a museum of presidential travel, located at this location. A major component of Sirius’ business strategy has been to execute far-reaching and exclusive deals with big-name entertainers and personalities to create and build broadcast streams, from the ground up. The Boeing 707 that served as Air Force One during the 1980s (SAM 27000) is on display at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. . Aircraft which have formerly served as Air Force One are on display in the Presidential Hangar of the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB near Dayton, Ohio (Sacred Cow, Independence, Columbine III, SAM 26000, and other smaller Presidential aircraft), as well as the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington (earlier VC-137B). “Mongo” later became NASCAR driver Spencer’s nickname with the NASCAR Broadcasters in the following races. Department of Justice said that the plan was enacted because there was evidence "that the White House and Air Force One were targets.".

The dog in the Sirius logo (Sirius is referred to as the "Dog Star") is unofficially named “Mongo,” a name garnered from the debut of Sirius Satellite Radio’s sponsorship on Casey Atwood’s and later Jimmy Spencer’s NASCAR entry, when the announcing cast voted on names. The following day, officials at the White House and the U.S. Sirius was previously known as CD Radio. Instead of returning to Washington, the Secret Service ordered Air Force One to Barksdale AFB in Louisiana, and then to the former Strategic Air Command (now United States Strategic Command) headquarters at Offut AFB in Nebraska, before returning to Washington. However, Sirius led the market in new satellite radio subscribers in 2005. Bush from Sarasota, Florida, where he was interrupted at an education event because of the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington. Sirius currently lags behind competitor XM Satellite Radio in terms of subscribers with 3.3 million, well less than XM's current audience of more than 6 million subscribers (as of January 9, 2006). One of the most dramatic episodes aboard Air Force One happened on September 11, 2001, when it flew President George W.

A $10 activation fee ($15 if activated by phone) is also required. Bush to Iraq to spend Thanksgiving with troops stationed there,1 though White House officials later denied this.2. to $499.99 for a lifetime subscription (of the receiver, not the subscriber). In November 2003, there was a minor controversy when Air Force One's crew lied to the crew of a passing British Airways jet, informing them that the 416-ton 747 was a 45-ton Gulfstream V corporate jet, while transporting George W. Subscription costs for Sirius range from $12.95/mo. Bush was noted for going to the plane's pressroom to talk to reporters far less than his predecessors. Its business model is to provide pay-for-service radio, music channels being free of commercials, analogous to the business model for premium cable television. Bush added a treadmill to Air Force One.

Sirius is based in New York City. President George W. “XS120”, “XS9”, “XS17”). In 1987, Reagan flew on SAM 27000 to Berlin and made his famous "Tear down this wall!" speech. Sirius channels are identified by Arbitron with the label “XS” (e.g. Former secretary of state Henry Kissinger was also on board. A subset of Sirius’ music channels are included as part of the DISH Network satellite television service. Instead, President Reagan sent Secretary of State Alexander Haig and the living former presidents—Nixon, Ford, and Carter—to the funeral.

The streams are broadcast from three satellites in an elliptical geosynchronous orbit above North America. Because of security concerns, Reagan did not attend the funeral, nor did then-Vice President Bush. With any Sirius-enabled radio, the user can see the artist and song information on display while listening to the stream. On October 6, 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was assassinated. Music streams on Sirius carry a wide variety of music genres, broadcasting 24 hours a day, commercial free. Bush. Sirius Satellite Radio NASDAQ: SIRI is a satellite radio (DARS) service in the United States that provides 68 streams (channels) of music and 55 streams of sports, news and entertainment. W.

Black and white lineup from SiriusBackstage.com, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. The aircraft was delivered in 1990, during the administration of George H. Official Sirius Satellite Radio Stations List, Adobe Acrobat Reader Required. Most of the interior was completed in Wichita, Kansas. List of Sirius Satellite Radio stations. Ronald Reagan's two terms as President saw no major changes to Air Force One but the fabrication of the current 747s began. XACT XTR1 Radio with Car Kit. Bush until it was replaced by the 747's in 1990.

Clarion Calypso SIRIUS Radio with Car Kit. Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George H.W. Kenwood H2EV Radio with Car and Home Kits. It began service under Nixon and served Gerald R. Tivoli's SIRIUS Table Radio. SAM 27000 was the primary presidential aircraft for more presidents than any other. SIRIUS Sportster Radio with Boombox Package. It was President Ford who first decided that the name of the aircraft itself should be Air Force One, along with the call sign.

Docking Station Package. Nixon resigned the presidency and departed from Andrews AFB on Air Force One, it was arranged that the plane's call sign would switch from Air Force One to SAM designation (SAM 27000). SIRIUS Sportster Exec. In 1974, when Richard M. SIRIUS S50. President Nixon dubbed the presidential airliner The Spirit of 1976, in recognition of the upcoming American bicentennial. The role SAM 26000 played during the funeral made several points clear:.

He also escorted her during the state funeral, also at her request. As the former president was laid to rest at his ranch, retired Brigadier General James Cross, pilot of SAM 26000 in Johnson's day, turned over the flag to his wife, Lady Bird, at her request. After the funeral, SAM 26000 brought his body on one final journey home, back to Texas for his burial, landing at Bergstrom AFB in Austin, the airfield Johnson flew into and out of when president. Two days later, SAM 26000 brought the former president's body to Washington, coming from Texas for the state funeral the following day.

On January 22, 1973, LBJ died. Later in 1972, SAM 26000 became the backup aircraft when another 707, SAM 27000, arrived. SAM 26000 also carried President Richard Nixon on his historic trips to mainland China and to Russia in 1972. SAM 26000 flew over Arlington National Cemetery as Kennedy was being laid to rest.

Johnson took the oath of office, and the plane carried Kennedy's body back to Washington. It was on the plane (while it was at Love Field) that Vice President Lyndon B. Kennedy to Dallas, Texas, where early that afternoon he was assassinated. On November 22, 1963, SAM 26000 carried President John F.

A month earlier, it broke 30 speed records when carrying a delegation to Moscow, including the fastest non-stop flight between Washington and Moscow. In late June 1963, Kennedy flew on SAM 26000 to Berlin, where he made his famous "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech, and to Ireland. Because the aircraft would be solely for the use of the president, Kennedy asked that the Presidential seal be added to both sides of the nose. flag painted on the tail.

Loewy came up with a powder blue and white design, the same colors used today; he also had the words "United States of America" put on the fuselage's side and the U.S. He also commissioned industrial designer Raymond Loewy to create a distinctive exterior for the plane. In 1962, he added a modified, long-range 707 to the fleet—Special Air Missions (SAM) 26000. Kennedy, presidential air travel officially entered the jet age.

With John F. Towards the end of Eisenhower's term, in 1958, the Air Force added three Boeing 707 jets into the fleet. President Eisenhower also upgraded Air Force One's technology by adding an air-to-ground telephone and an air-to-ground teletype machine. These planes were named Columbine II and Columbine III by Mamie Eisenhower after the official state flower of Colorado, her adopted home state.

Eisenhower also introduced two other propeller aircraft, the Lockheed C-121 Constellations (VC-121E) to Presidential service. The planes accidentally entered the same airspace, and after the incident the unique call sign "Air Force One" was made for the presidential aircraft. The change stemmed from a 1953 incident where an Eastern Airlines commercial flight (8610) had the same call sign as a flight the President was on (Air Force 8610). Eisenhower, the first American president to have been a pilot in his own right.

The call signs were established for security purposes during the administration of Dwight D. This was the first aircraft acting as Air Force One that had a distinctive exterior (an eagle head painted on its nose). He replaced the C-54 with a modified C-118 Liftmaster, calling it the Independence, possibly in reference to President Truman's hometown of Independence, Missouri. Truman became President.

After Roosevelt died in spring 1945, Vice President Harry S. Eleanor Roosevelt use it instead. The Secret Service, not wishing to waste resources, instead put the C-87A plane to use by having Mrs. It carried the president to several important events, most notably the Yalta Conference.

This plane was nicknamed the Sacred Cow and included a sleeping area, radio telephone, and retractable elevator for Roosevelt's wheelchair. However, the plane was no longer used for Roosevelt after another C-87A crashed; the Secret Service reconfigured a C-54 Skymaster as a replacement. This plane was called Guess Where Two. The first aircraft officially designated for Presidential flight was the C-87A Liberator Express, a reconfigured B-24 bomber.

The continuing threat from the submarines established air travel as a usual means of distance transportation for the President. The main reason at the time for presidential air travel was the threat of the German Navy's U-boats in the Atlantic. Roosevelt, who traveled on a Boeing 314 "flying boat" aircraft to a 1943 conference in Casablanca on the progress of World War II. The first president to fly in an airplane while in office was Franklin D.

In the 1940s and 1950s, however, air travel became much more convenient. Lack of telecommunications and quick transportation made long-distance travel impractical, as it took up much time and isolated the President from events in Washington. Prior to World War II, overseas and cross-country presidential travel was rare.
.

Many of Air Force One's other capabilities are classified for security reasons. The planes also have electronic countermeasures (ECMs) to jam enemy radar and flares to avoid heat-seeking missiles. All wiring is covered with heavy shielding for protection from an electromagnetic pulse in the event of a nuclear attack. The electronics on board are connected with approximately 238 miles (383 km) of wiring, twice that of a regular 747.

Operational modifications include aerial refueling capability and anti-aircraft missile countermeasures. The planes can also be operated as a military command center in the event of an incident such as a nuclear attack. Most of the furniture on board was hand-crafted by master carpenters. There are also secure and non-secure voice, fax, and data communications.

In the office areas, Air Force One features access to photocopying, printing, and word processing services, as well as telecommunication systems (including 85 telephones and 19 televisions). Whenever Air Force One rolls up to an event, it always comes to a stop with the port side of the aircraft facing gathered onlookers as a security measure to keep the President's side of the aircraft out of view. These offices, including the president's suite, are mostly located on the starboard, and a long corridor runs along the port. In addition, there are separate sleeping quarters for guests, senior staff, Secret Service and security personnel, and the news media; the president's executive suite includes a private dressing room, workout room, lavatory, shower, and private office.

On every flight there is a staff doctor. On board Air Force One are medical facilities, including a fold-out operating table, emergency medical supplies, and a well-stocked pharmacy. Writer Tom Harris notes:. There are three entrances onboard.

The main passenger area is on the second floor, and communications equipment and the cockpit are on the third floor. Meals are prepared in two galleys, which together are equipped to feed about 100 people at a time. The food can supply up to 2,000 meals when fully loaded, some of which is stored in freezers. The planes' lowest levels are mostly cargo space, carrying luggage and the plane's food supply.

The planes' 4,000 square feet (370 m²) of interior floor space include multiple modifications. While Air Force One has three floors, like a regular Boeing 747, its interior has been reconfigured for presidential duties. The planes that serve as Air Force One differ from the standard Boeing 747 in size, features, and security precautions. Marine Corps helicopter, call sign Marine One, between Andrews AFB and the White House.

The President is often flown in a U.S. These aircraft are maintained and operated as military operations by the Presidential Airlift Group, part of Air Mobility Command's 89th Airlift Wing, based at Andrews Air Force Base in Camp Springs, Maryland. . Since its inception, Air Force One has become a symbol of presidential power and prestige.

The Air Force designation for these aircraft was VC-137. Before these planes entered service, two Boeing 707-320B-type aircraft—tail numbers 26000 and 27000—had operated as Air Force One starting in 1962. The VC-25A is capable of flying 12 600 km (7,800 miles)—roughly one-third of the distance around the world—without refueling and can accommodate more than 70 passengers. Air Force solely for the president.

While these planes are only referred to as "Air Force One" while the president is on board, the term is commonly used to describe either of two aircraft normally used and maintained by the U.S. Since 1990, the presidential fleet has consisted of two specifically configured, highly customized Boeing 747-200B series aircraft—tail numbers 28000 and 29000—with Air Force designation VC-25A. Air Force aircraft carrying the President of the United States (it is a common misconception that "Air Force One" refers to a single airplane). Air Force One is the air traffic control call sign of any U.S.

Video of Air Force One arriving at Prestwick Airport with President Bush on board for the G8 Summit. Radio communication of the Air Force One monitored by the Frequency Monitor Centre in the Netherlands[13] (not English). National Museum of the United States Air Force Presidential Aircraft.[12]. United States Air Force.[11].

Truman Library & Museum.[10]. Presidential Jet Air Force One by David Braun National Geographic News, May 29, 2003 [9]. Q&A: U.S. ISBN 1401300049.

Hyperion: 2003. Air Force One: A History of the Presidents and Their Planes. Walsh, Kenneth T. [8].

How Air Force One Works. Harris, Tom. ISBN 1559718943. Northword Press: 2003.

Air Force One: The Aircraft that Shaped the Modern Presidency. Hardesty, Von. ISBN 0760310556. Motorbooks International: 2002.

Air Force One. Dorr, Robert F. ISBN 0698109309. Book Sales: 1979.

Flying White House: The Story of Air Force One. Terhorst. Albertazzie, Ralph, and Jerald F. [7].

July 2003. "Air Force One" United States Air Force. [6]. "Air Force One" The Boeing Company.

The final services honoring LBJ on January 25 spanned the country in one day because of jets. Johnson agreed to the public honors in Washington because so many others from around the world wanted to join in—40,000 paid their respects when the former president lay in state. Even though he died in Texas, Mrs. In fact, it was used most often by LBJ.

It was the aircraft that LBJ used primarily when president.

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