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Shimano

Shimano ((OTCBB: SHMDF), FWB: SHM) is a Japanese manufacturer of cycling, fishing, snowboarding, and until 2005, golf components.

Cycling

Shimano products include drivetrain, brake, wheel and pedal components for leisure, road and mountain bikes. These components are generally organised and sold as groupsets intended to be supplied as a near complete collection of a bicycle's mechanical parts.

Groupsets commonly include: crankset comprising cranks and chainrings; bottom bracket; chain; rear gear cogs or cassette; front and rear wheel hubs; gear shift levers; brakes; brake levers; cables; front and rear gear mechanisms or derailleurs.

The Italian firm Campagnolo is a competitor as the other major manufacturer of road groupsets. SRAM is a competitor as the other major manufacturer of mountain bike groupsets, though they are now introducing a road groupset as well.

When the 1970s United States bike boom exceeded the capacity of the American and European bicycle component manufacturers, Japanese manufacturers SunTour and Shimano rapidly stepped in to fill the void. While both companies provided products for all price-ranges of the market, SunTour also focused on refinement of existing systems and designs for higher end products, while Shimano paid more attention to rethinking the basic systems and bringing out innovations such as index shifting and front freewheel systems. SunTour eventually lost the commercial battle. In contrast to the near-universal marketing technique of introducing innovations on the expensive side of the marketplace and relying on consumer demand to emulate early adopters along with economy of scale to bring them into the mass market, Shimano introduced new technologies at the lowest end of the bicycle market, using lower cost and often heavier and less durable materials and techniques, only moving them further upscale if they established themselves in the lower market segments.

Lance Armstrong's 1999 victory in the Tour de France on a Shimano Dura-Ace equipped Trek was the first time Shimano components had been used to win the grand tour. In 2002, Dura-Ace equipped bikes were ridden to victory in the Tour de France (Lance Armstrong), Giro d'Italia (Paolo Savoldelli), and Vuelta a España (Aitor González), marking the first time Shimano componentry had been used to win all three grand tours. World championships in both the road and time trial disciplines were won on Shimano equipment.

In 2003 Shimano introduced "Dual Control" to mountain bikes, where the gear shift mechanism is integrated into the brake levers, and reintroduced the "Rapid Rise" rear derailler which works in the opposite direction to traditional deraillers. This development was controversial: critics viewed it as an attempt to monopolise the mountain bike components market because the use of Dual Control integrated shifting requires the use of Shimano brakes, and the Rapid Rise derailler is believed to work more effectively with the Dual Control system. Shimano also introduced new proprietary standards for disc brakes and hubs, and for bottom brackets and cranksets, further fueling speculation about monopolistic intentions.

Many people believe that "VIA", which is stamped on all Shimano parts, is a form of corporate logo, since it does not appear on Campagnolo parts, for instance. In fact, VIA is an official approval stamp used to certify parts of Japanese vehicles - including bicycles.

Racing bicycle groupsets

Current road bicycle groupsets include:

  • Dura-Ace
  • Ultegra
  • 105
  • Tiagra
  • Sora

Mountain bike groupsets

Current mountain bicycle groupsets include:

  • Saint - This is the top of the range for DownHill(DH)/FreeRide(FR) bikes
  • Hone
  • XTR - This is the top of the range for CrossCountry(XC) mountain bikes
  • XT
  • LX
  • Deore
  • Alivio
  • Acera
  • Altus
  • Tourney - this includes several different levels of quality, and can be found on department-store bicycles.

This page about Shimano includes information from a Wikipedia article.
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Current mountain bicycle groupsets include:. Stanley refers to:. Current road bicycle groupsets include:. Stanley is an old masculine name from the 11th and 12th century English contraction of 'Stoney Meadow'. In fact, VIA is an official approval stamp used to certify parts of Japanese vehicles - including bicycles. Stanley the Bugman, from a Nintendo video game, Donkey Kong 3. Many people believe that "VIA", which is stamped on all Shimano parts, is a form of corporate logo, since it does not appear on Campagnolo parts, for instance. Stanley Airport in the Falkland Islands.

Shimano also introduced new proprietary standards for disc brakes and hubs, and for bottom brackets and cranksets, further fueling speculation about monopolistic intentions. Stanley Airport in Stanley, Nova Scotia, Canada. This development was controversial: critics viewed it as an attempt to monopolise the mountain bike components market because the use of Dual Control integrated shifting requires the use of Shimano brakes, and the Rapid Rise derailler is believed to work more effectively with the Dual Control system. Awdry. In 2003 Shimano introduced "Dual Control" to mountain bikes, where the gear shift mechanism is integrated into the brake levers, and reintroduced the "Rapid Rise" rear derailler which works in the opposite direction to traditional deraillers. W. World championships in both the road and time trial disciplines were won on Shimano equipment. "Stanley" (also known as "Smudger") — the name of a locomotive on the fictional Mid-Sodor Railway in The Railway Series by Rev.

In 2002, Dura-Ace equipped bikes were ridden to victory in the Tour de France (Lance Armstrong), Giro d'Italia (Paolo Savoldelli), and Vuelta a España (Aitor González), marking the first time Shimano componentry had been used to win all three grand tours. 557) (1969) Supreme Court decision, established a personal right to privacy in US law. Lance Armstrong's 1999 victory in the Tour de France on a Shimano Dura-Ace equipped Trek was the first time Shimano components had been used to win the grand tour. Georgia (394 U.S. In contrast to the near-universal marketing technique of introducing innovations on the expensive side of the marketplace and relying on consumer demand to emulate early adopters along with economy of scale to bring them into the mass market, Shimano introduced new technologies at the lowest end of the bicycle market, using lower cost and often heavier and less durable materials and techniques, only moving them further upscale if they established themselves in the lower market segments. Stanley v. SunTour eventually lost the commercial battle. Stanley Works, American tool manufacturer.

While both companies provided products for all price-ranges of the market, SunTour also focused on refinement of existing systems and designs for higher end products, while Shimano paid more attention to rethinking the basic systems and bringing out innovations such as index shifting and front freewheel systems. Stanley the Talking Fish, character in the comic books based on the Mario video games. When the 1970s United States bike boom exceeded the capacity of the American and European bicycle component manufacturers, Japanese manufacturers SunTour and Shimano rapidly stepped in to fill the void. Stanley Steamer, American automobiles produced by Stanley automobile. SRAM is a competitor as the other major manufacturer of mountain bike groupsets, though they are now introducing a road groupset as well. Stanley whitewater canoeing course, Scotland. The Italian firm Campagnolo is a competitor as the other major manufacturer of road groupsets. Stanley Theater, one of several theaters by the same name.

Groupsets commonly include: crankset comprising cranks and chainrings; bottom bracket; chain; rear gear cogs or cassette; front and rear wheel hubs; gear shift levers; brakes; brake levers; cables; front and rear gear mechanisms or derailleurs. Stanley, robot, an autonomous vehicle that won the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge. These components are generally organised and sold as groupsets intended to be supplied as a near complete collection of a bicycle's mechanical parts. Stanley Road, album by Paul Weller. Shimano products include drivetrain, brake, wheel and pedal components for leisure, road and mountain bikes. Stanley Park, park in Liverpool, England. . Stanley Park, large park in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Shimano ((OTCBB: SHMDF), FWB: SHM) is a Japanese manufacturer of cycling, fishing, snowboarding, and until 2005, golf components. Stanley Medical College, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India. Tourney - this includes several different levels of quality, and can be found on department-store bicycles. Stanley Hotel, hotel in Estes Park, Colorado. Altus. Stanley Cup, championship trophy of the National Hockey League. Acera. Stanley Award, Australian award for best cartoonist.

Alivio. Stanley automobile, American brand of automobiles (1907–1927). Deore. Stanley, American television situation comedy 1956–1957, starring Buddy Hackett, Paul Lynde, and Carol Burnett. LX. Morgan Stanley, American investment bank and stockbroker company. XT. Flat Stanley, children's book and series by Jeff Brown.

XTR - This is the top of the range for CrossCountry(XC) mountain bikes. Accrington Stanley F.C., English non-league football club from Accrington in Lancashire. Hone. Other

    . Saint - This is the top of the range for DownHill(DH)/FreeRide(FR) bikes. Stanley Peak, mountain in British Columbia, Canada. Sora. Owen Stanley Range, mountain range in Papua New Guinea.

    Tiagra. Mount Stanley, highest mountain in the Ruwenzori Range of Congo. 105. Geographic features

      . Ultegra. Stanley Township, Minnesota, USA. Dura-Ace. Stanley County, South Dakota, USA.

      Stanley, town in Chippewa County, Wisconsin, USA. Stanley, town in Barron County, Wisconsin, USA. Stanley, town in Page County, Virginia, USA. Stanley, town in Mountrail County, North Dakota, USA.

      Stanley, town in Gaston County, North Carolina, USA. Stanley, town in De Soto Parish, Louisiana, USA. Stanley, town in Buchanan County, Iowa, USA. Stanley, town in Custer County, Idaho, USA.

      Place names in the United States

        . Stanley, town in Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. Stanley, town in County Durham, England, United Kingdom. Port Stanley, town in Ontario, Canada.

        Stanley, capital and only town in the Falkland Islands (UK). King's Stanley, village in Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom. Place names

          . William Stanley (1584–1642), 6th Earl of Derby.

          Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby (1435–1504). James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby (1607–1651), English nobleman. Henry Stanley, 4th Earl of Derby (1531–1593), English nobleman. Edward John Stanley, 6th Baron Sheffield and Stanley of Alderley (1907–1971), English aristocrat.

          Edward Stanley, Lord Stanley, name used by many generations of the Stanley family. Anne Stanley (1580–1647), possible heir to the English throne. English nobility

            . (1858–1916), American physicist.

            William Stanley, Jr. William Stanley (1548–1630), English military commander, under Queen Elizabeth I. William Stanley (?–1485), Brother of Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby); fought at the Battle of Bosworth Field. Wendell Stanley (1904–1971), American biochemist, virologist, and Nobel prize laureate.

            Venetia Stanley (1887–1948), English socialite, intimate friend of Herbert Henry Asquith. Venetia Stanley (1600–1633), English courtesan. Stanley (1890–1970), American politician, governor of Virginia 1954–1958. Thomas B.

            Thomas Stanley (1625–1678), English author and translator. The Stanley Brothers American bluegrass musicians: Carter Stanley and Ralph Stanley. Robbie Stanley (1967–), American auto racing driver. Ryan Stanley (1974–), Alaskan Technology Leader.

            Stanley (1944–), American mathematician at MIT. Richard P. Richard Stanley (1966–), South African-born film director. Ralph Stanley (1927–), American bluegrass musician, one of The Stanley Brothers.

            Paul Stanley (1952–), American rock guitarist and vocalist. Paco Stanley (1942–1999), Mexican television entertainer, assassinated. Owsley Stanley (1935–), American "underground" chemist, mass produced LSD. Owen Stanley (1811–1850), British naval captain.

            Oliver Stanley (1896–1950), British politician. Millicent Preston-Stanley (1883–1955), Australian feminist and politician. Mickey Stanley (1942–), American baseball player. Michael Stanley (1948–), American rock singer.

            Kim Stanley (1925–2001), American actress. John Stanley (1942–), British politician. Stanley (1937–1998), American professor in political philosophy. John L.

            John Stanley (1914–1993), American comic artist (Little Lulu). John Stanley (18th century), Chief Secretary for Ireland 1713–1714. John Stanley (1712–1786), English composer and organixt. John Stanley (c.1386–1437), Knight of the Garter, King John II Stanley of the Isle of Man.

            John Stanley (c.1350–1414), Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, King John I Stanley of the Isle of Man. Ian Stanley (contemporary), British musician. Livingstone. Henry Morton Stanley (1841–1904), Welsh-American journalist and explorer, searched for Dr.

            Harry Stanley (1953–1999), Scottish painter and decorator mistakenly shot dead by the police. George Stanley (1907–2002), Canadian historian and designer of the Canadian flag. Frederick Stanley (19th century), American industrialist, founder of Stanley Works. Florence Stanley (20th century), American actress.

            Fiona Stanley (1946–), Australian epidemiologist. Edward Stanley, (1779–1849), English bishop of Norwich. Stanley (1828–1902), Union general in the American Civil War and Medal of Honor recipient. David S.

            Charles Stanleyu (1933–), American radio evangelist. Charles Stanley (1819–1901), English-American chess champion. Bob Stanley (1954–), American former baseball player. Barney Stanley (1893–1971), Canadian professional ice hockey player.

            Stanley (1815–1881), English churchman, dean of Westminster. Arthur P. Allan Stanley (1926–), Canadian professional ice hockey player. Aileen Stanley (1897–1982), American popular singer.

            Persons named Stanley

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