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Royal Bank of Scotland
Today it is the largest bank in Scotland, the second largest in the UK and Europe, and the fifth largest in the world by market capitalisation. Its shares have a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange.
The bank's head office is in St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh. It has offices throughout Europe, America and Asia.
History of the Royal Bank of Scotland
Constituents of the Royal Bank of Scotland Group
Other facts£100 banknotes of the Royal Bank of Scotland
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. In order of revenue. It has offices throughout Europe, America and Asia. . The bank's head office is in St Andrew's Square, Edinburgh. In 1993 Omnicom acquired TBWA Worldwide, a major advertising agency network. Its shares have a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange. Sometimes referred to as the "Big-Bang" merger, it was spearheaded by BBDO Worldwide CEO Allen Rosenshine, who was responding to competitive threats from other large advertising agency comglomerates.
Today it is the largest bank in Scotland, the second largest in the UK and Europe, and the fifth largest in the world by market capitalisation. Omnicom was formed in 1986 from the merger between advertising agency networks DDB Needham and BBDO.
It was the first bank in the world to offer an overdraft facility. Its major holdings include the advertising agency networks BBDO, TBWA Worldwide, and DDB Worldwide. It is the only UK bank that still prints a 1 pound note. The Omnicom Group (NYSE:OMC) is the world's largest advertising agency holding company in terms of revenue (number two is WPP Group plc). The Royal Bank of Scotland, along with Clydesdale Bank and Bank of Scotland, still prints its own banknotes for Scotland. 2002 buys Aaron Walton Entertainment. WorldPay - specialised in Internet Business. 2002 buys TPG (inc The Peter Group, AI Advertising and Topak Marketing).
Coutts - UK private bank based in London. 2002 creates Element 79 Partners agency in Chicago. Ulster Bank - Belfast-based bank with branches throughout Ireland. 2001 buys Corporate Technology Communications. Direct Line - telephone financial services company. 2001 takes stake in Estrategia Assessoria de Comunicacao in Brazil. bank group based in New England. 2001 buys Stromberg Consulting.
Citizens Financial Group - U.S. 2001 Omnicom buys The Washington Group. Adam and Company - UK private bank. 2001 Matthew Freud leads £10m buyout of Freud Communications. NatWest - UK clearing bank, head office in London. 2001 buys Grizzard Communications for US$91m. Royal Bank of Scotland- Scottish clearing bank, head office in Edinburgh. 1999 buys Sheppard Associates.
2000- acquisition of the National Westminster Bank after hostile takeover battle with the Bank of Scotland. 1998 takes 20% of I&S, Japan's eighth-largest ad agency. 1997- develops internet banking. 1998 buys Gold Greenless Trott for £143m. 1997- Registrars department acquired by Australian share registry company Computershare. 1998 Omnicom buys Abbott Mead Vickers for £346m. 1988- acquisition of Citizens Financial Group of Rhode Island. 1997 takes stake in Organic multimedia.
1985- Williams and Glyn's bank name merged with the Royal Bank of Scotland. 1996 Ketchum and Hong Kong-based Newscan establish Ketchum Newscan. 1985- established the Direct Line insurance brand. 1996 Omnicom's BBDO Worldwide raises stake in AMV from 28.4% to 29.6%. 1980- abortive hostile takeover bid by Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation fails. 1996 buys Ketchum Communications. 1972- merger with National Commercial Bank of Scotland. 1996 Omnicom sells 13% holding in Aegis for £45.4m.
1920- acquisition of various small English banks to form Williams Deacons Bank,later combined with Glyn Mills & Co. to form Williams and Glyn's Bank. 1994 Matthew Freud sells Freud Communications to Abbott Mead Vickers. 1874- first London branch opens. 1993 TBWA acquired by Omnicom. 1783- first branch in Glasgow opens. 1993 Omnicom invests in ailing UK group Aegis. 1727- founded in Edinburgh by Royal Charter. 1991 WPP sells its 22% stake in AMV to Omnicom for £7.5m.
1986 Omnicom established. 1986 merger of DDB Needham and BBDO. Havas (NASDAQ: HAVS). Publicis Groupe (NYSE:PUB).
Interpublic Group (NYSE:IPG). WPP Group PLC (NASDAQ:WPPGY). It is headquartered on Madison Avenue in New York City. Omnicom's CEO is John Wren.
Employees (2004): 61,000. Revenue (2004): 9747.20 M.