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Rock HudsonHudson with Doris Day in Pillow Talk (1959)
Roy Harold Scherer Jr. (November 17, 1925 - October 2, 1985), better known as Rock Hudson, was an American actor. Born in Winnetka, Illinois, Hudson was the first major American celebrity to admit to being afflicted with AIDS. His announcement, and subsequent death from the disease at the age of only 59, brought the disease and HIV into the mainstream of American consciousness.
Hudson served in the United States Navy during World War II as an airplane mechanic. His good looks and strapping size got him a Hollywood audition, and some capped teeth and a name change got him a small part in the forgettable 1948 film Fighter Squadron. His one line took 38 takes, because he kept forgetting it. In 1956 he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, and two years later, Look Magazine named him Star of the Year.
During the 1950s and 1960s, Hudson was known for several fluff comedies, largely starring with Doris Day. The two made Pillow Talk, Lover Come Back and Send Me No Flowers together. Many consider his performance as the elderly New York City banker Arthur Hamilton turned young Malibu painter Tony Wilson in the 1966 science fiction film by director John Frankenheimer,Seconds, as the finest of his career. From 1971 to 1978, Hudson starred opposite Susan St. James in the popular American television series McMillan and Wife that aired on NBC.
Hudson married studio employee Phyllis Gates in 1955, and the news was made known by all the major gossip magazines. The couple divorced in 1958. The studio was likely using this sham marriage in order to cover Hudson's homosexuality, which would have made him box office poison at the time if it were made known. Hudson was reportedly very good friends with Jim Nabors of television's Gomer Pyle. Hudson remained in the closet until his sexual orientation became known toward the end of his life.
Following Hudson's death, his live-in lover Marc Christian filed a palimony lawsuit against his estate and won.
Hudson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6104 Hollywood Blvd.
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Hudson has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at
6104 Hollywood Blvd.
The studio was likely using this
sham marriage in order to cover Hudson's homosexuality, which would have
made him box office poison at the time if it were made known. N.B. : The U.S. The couple divorced in 1958.
From 1971 to 1978, Hudson starred opposite Susan St. The Street Fighter character Fei-Long is essentially an exaggerated clone of Lee, as is the Tekken character Law, whose moves include the One Inch Punch made famous by Lee. Many consider his performance as the elderly New York City banker Arthur Hamilton turned young Malibu painter Tony Wilson in the 1966 science fiction film by director John Frankenheimer,Seconds, as the finest of his career. The Shaman King character Lee Bailong (Lee Pai-Long) is a reference to Bruce Lee. The two made Pillow Talk, Lover Come Back and Send Me No Flowers together. However, it is not clear whether or not the statue was ever actually constructed. During the 1950s and 1960s, Hudson was known for several fluff comedies, largely starring with Doris Day. It was stated that this would occur in November.
In 1956 he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor, and two years later, Look Magazine named him Star of the Year. In September 2004, rumors circulated (e.g., a BBC story (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/3620752.stm)) that the Bosnian city of Mostar was to honour Bruce Lee with a statue on the Spanish Square, as a symbol of solidarity. His one line took 38 takes, because he kept forgetting it. He worked part time as a Cha Cha instructor for a short time when he returned to San Francisco in April 1959. His good looks and strapping size got him a Hollywood audition, and some capped teeth and a name change got him a small part in the forgettable 1948 film Fighter Squadron. In 1958, Lee was the Cha Cha Champion of Hong Kong. Hudson served in the United States Navy during World War II as an airplane mechanic. The film Dragon: The Bruce Lee Story is a highly fictionalized biography of his life/legend.
His announcement, and subsequent death from the disease at the age of only 59, brought the disease and HIV into the mainstream of American consciousness. The direction and tone of Bruce Lee's movies have forever changed and influenced action and martial arts fims. Born in Winnetka, Illinois, Hudson was the first major American celebrity to admit to being afflicted with AIDS. His fame also sparked the first major surge of interest in Chinese martial arts in the West. Roy Harold Scherer Jr. (November 17, 1925 - October 2, 1985), better known as Rock Hudson, was an American actor. Although he made only a handful of films and television appearances in his adulthood, Bruce Lee has become an iconic figure in life, and in movies, as a personification of a small man who became the epitome of what some see as mental and physical perfection. He is interred in Seattle's Lake View Cemetery.
Yet, it felt with him a lifelong unbearable pain in his back. Fortunately, unlike his doctor's warning that he will never kick again, Lee regained his athletic prowess -- better than ever. A condition that left him in a wheelchair. However the official cause of death, cerebral edema, was recorded as being the result of an allergic reaction to the analgesic he took combined with medicine he took for backpain, that he sustained after severing a nerve while doing deadlift exercises without properly warming up.
Rumours concerning the cause of his death range from Lee being killed by Hong Kong triads (gangsters) because he refused to pay them protection money; to his being killed by an angry martial artist's dim mak (death touch) strike for having angered the martial arts community by revealing ancient secrets to foreigners; to drug use. Despite the opinions of those closest to Lee, his death is still the source of much sensationalism and controversy. Davis Miller, a Bruce Lee biographer writes, "Maybe the most resonant Bruce Lee myth is that he was murdered by his own ambition, by his arrogance in believing that he could create himself, an arrogance that, as he aged, he surely would have outgrown...". This is what brought him down.".
Wu agrees: "I think that Bruce was fully convinced that he was invincible, that he was immortal. Bruce's was a self-inflicted, though innocent, fatal illness." Dr. [See below.] Please check valid references). (There is some contention on this matter.
He died from hypersensitivity to chemicals in cannabis or a cannabis by-product. Bruce was particularly sensitive to the alkaloids in cannabis. The same series of events that took place in May caused Bruce Lee's death in July. That's what killed him.
I don't think that Bruce thought that there was anybody in the world who knew what was good for him except Bruce Lee. Every time I saw him after May 10, he was further and further into his own hype. In my opinion, the cause of Bruce Lee's death is obvious. No analgesic killed Bruce.
Nobody dies from one tablet of Equagesic. Equagesic is prescribed in the million-dose range every day in Asia. I've never seen anybody as physically fit as Bruce. Langford says that, "This man was muscled like a squirel, spirited as a horse.
Dr. Donald Langford, Lee's physician in Hong Kong, said that Bruce's body was less than one percent body fat, that "it was obscene how little body fat he had.". Dr. Bruce was very vulnerable to the effects of drugs due to his extrememly low body fat.
Wu, who is renowned for his cerebral edema research in Asian males, said that various neurological problems associated with hasish had been recorded in Nepalese men. Dr. Bruce, whose entrained paranoia grew with his international fame, had been chewing hashish to calm himself. Peter Wu, said that he removed a considerable amount of hashish from Lee's stomach.
The neurosurgeon who saved his life in May, Dr. On May 10, during the final dubbing of Enter the Dragon, he suffered a sudden attack of siezures and a cerebral edema which was not fatal. A similar incident had occured a few months before. Lee was 32 years old.
There was no visible external injury, however his brain had swollen considerably, from 1,400 to 1,575 grams. The ensuing autopsy found traces of cannabis in his stomach. However Lee was dead by the time he reached the hospital. A doctor was summoned, who spent 10 minutes attempting to revive him before sending him by ambulance to Queen Elizabeth Hospital.
After Lee didn't turn up for the dinner, Chow came to the apartment but could not wake up Lee. At around 7.30 pm, he lay down for a nap. A short time later, Lee complained of a headache and Tingpei gave him a tablet of Equagesic. The three went over the script at her home, and then Chow left to attend a dinner meeting.
They worked until 4 pm, and then drove together to the home of Betty Ting Pei (丁珮), Taiwanese actress who was to also have a leading role in the film. According to Lee's wife, Linda, Bruce met producer Raymond Chow at 2 pm at home to discuss the making of the movie Game of Death. On July 20, 1973, Lee was due to have dinner with former James Bond star George Lazenby, with whom he intended to make a film. His obsession with physical fitness is seen in his personal notes and diary. Lee tracked the evolution of his training in his diary, which has been recollected and published in The Bruce Lee Library by John Little a "martial arts historian" from Bruce Lee's Estate.
However, this muscle stimulator was only one of many pieces of equipment and exercise routines Lee used to achieve his on-screen physical appearance. It is rumored that Lee used an electric current as an aid to strength training, because of the leanness the muscles gained in working against themselves. This was a major reason why he put rigid standards forth to earn certification in his arts. Many contemporary martial arts instructors, in an effort to promote themselves or their schools, make dubious claims about learning from or teaching Bruce Lee.
Throughout his life Lee studied many styles of martial arts through an extensive literature research and contacts with other martial artists. In fact, Wing Chun was the only martial art Lee formally studied, under the guidance of Yip Man. His studies of Wing Chun Gung Fu sparked his enthusiasm and understanding of martial arts. He was a very well rounded man, being well educated both academically (he was a philosophy major at the University of Washington) and in the field of martial arts.
Lee frequently gave demonstrations of his two-finger pushups and his famous "one inch punch". Inosanto often serves not only as the leading instructor and historian of Jeet Kune Do Concepts; he also teaches and practices other styles such as Kali, Silat, Muay Thai, and Brazilian Jujitsu. James Lee, a very close and personal friend of Bruce, never certified anyone before his untimely passing. All other instructors (again except Taky Kimura and the late James Lee [no relation to Bruce Lee]) are certified under Inosanto, even Bruce's other original students. Kimura, to date, has certified only one person in Jun Fan Gung Fu - his son and heir, Andy Kimura.
Dan Inosanto -- receiving the highest certification in Lee's art (notable exception is Taky Kimura, senior most instructor in Jun Fan Gung Fu) -- is widely regarded as the senior most JKD instructor under Bruce Lee. Yet, much of the dispute about JKD instruction is not so much the names, but the credibility of the instructors teaching these 'JKD' fighting systems. This and Lee's other revolutionary ideas about martial arts and his teaching of non-Asian students gave Lee many enemies in the martial arts community of the 1960s/70s (culminating in many challenges by other martial artists Lee poignantly answered). Perhaps a reason why Lee himself later regretted even giving a name to his philosophy/fighting style (Jeet Kune Do) thereby making it just another "martial art style." Lee saw loyalty to a particular martial arts style as being dogmatic, analogous to the practice of organized religion or ethnocentrism.
Depending on the instructor a person trains under, the name of "the style of JKD" is usually specific to a time period in Lee's process although many of the techniques are often the same. "original JKD") and JKD Concepts, which explore other styles not previously incorporated into Jeet Kune Do by Lee. There is often some discrepancy between Lee Jun Fan Gung Fu (a.k.a. JKD is also defined as his personal philosophy of how martial arts should be effectively practiced (and according to others also as a self-help philosophy).
JKD was a further refinement of his style which incorporated elements from many styles to create a more streamlined and practical martial art, as well as a comprehensive system of fitness training. His schools were called Jun Fan Gung Fu Institutes. Later, in order to apply a more descriptive name, he renamed it Jeet Kune Do. After studying and becoming dissatisfied with existing classical schools of martial arts, Lee bagan the process of creating his own style: Jun Fan Gung Fu, a modification of Wing Chun blended with Western Boxing, and Fencing. On his return to Hong Kong, he starred in the movies that would cement his fame.
After leaving University, Lee went on to star as Kato in the television series The Green Hornet. It was at the UW that he would meet his wife Linda Emery. He received his diploma from Edison Technical School and went on to enroll in the University of Washington as a philosophy major. In 1959, Lee went to Seattle to complete his high school education.
He also studied the Wing Chun style of Kung Fu. His parents were film actors, hence he had the opportunity to appear in several Chinese movies as a child. Born in San Francisco, California to a Chinese father Lee Hoi-Chuen (李海泉) and a German-Chinese mother Grace Lee (何金棠), Lee was raised in Hong Kong, where his parents lived. Little dragon was first named by director 袁步雲 in the 1950 Cantonese movie 細路祥).
Li Xiaolong (李小龍; Gwohngdongwa pengyam: Ley5 Siw2 Long4; Pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎo Lóng; lit. In his childhood, Bruce was called Sai Fung (細鳳 a typical girl's name) by his family members in response to his brother's death. Boys are sometimes called a girls name to fool the demons. Chinese believe baby boys are often stolen by the demons.
Bruce's brother before him was stillborn at birth. In Chinese culture, it is a taboo to name the same as an ancestor. His Chinese name was changed within a few months when his father returned, due to a conflict with his grandfather's name. The nurses at the hospital gave him an English name Bruce.
Lee Jun-fan (李振藩; Hanyu Pinyin: Lǐ Zhènfán; literally means invigorate San Francisco based on the Chinese name of his birthplace 三藩市) Bruce was born in his father's absence (he went on a Chinese opera tour.) His mother named him (李炫金) for the meaning of brighten San Francisco based on the Chinese alias of his birthplace 舊金山. His son, Brandon Lee, was a martial artist and an actor. He was married to Linda Emery, with whom he had a son, Brandon, and daughter, Shannon. His films, especially the last performance in Enter the Dragon, elevated the by-then traditional Hong Kong martial arts film to a new level, and artists like Jackie Chan and Chuck Norris have been able to work from this platform.
Bruce Lee (November 27, 1940–July 20, 1973) is widely considered to be the greatest martial arts film actor of the 20th century. Raymond Chow of Golden Harvest. Jhoon Rhee. Ed Parker.
Charles B. Fitzsimons. James Coburn. Stirling Silliphant. His wife Linda Lee Cadwell.
Wally Jay. James Yimm Lee. Yip Man.