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Rocawear is an urban clothing label created in 1999 by Damon Dash & Jay-Z, heads of the hip hop label Roc-a-Fella Records.

Rocawear has clothing lines and accessories for men, women and children.Its main funders currently are Mareed Clothing Line.

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Rocawear has clothing lines and accessories for men, women and children.Its main funders currently are Mareed Clothing Line. According to ([49]), Schwarzenegger's net worth has been estimated very conservatively at $100,000,000 (USD), and over the years, he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds, privately controlled companies and real estate holdings in the US and worldwide. Rocawear is an urban clothing label created in 1999 by Damon Dash & Jay-Z, heads of the hip hop label Roc-a-Fella Records. He has hired a former aide of Gray Davis as his chief of staff, and is working with California State Senate Majority Leader, Don Perata, for development of a bond, estimated in the billions of dollars, to accelerate construction of infrastructure such as freeways and waterworks. In the aftermath of the election, Schwarzenegger has moved back to the center. Many took to calling him "the One-terminator", a play on his popular role as "the Terminator" in films, implying that his chances of winning re-election had been diminished.

The defeat left Schwarzenegger significantly weakened politically, depriving him of the one source of leverage he had against the Democratic legislature. The two propositions most key to Schwarzenegger's agenda, propositions 76 and 77, were defeated by 24 and 19 points respectively. All propositions were defeated by a margin of at least 7 percentage points. In the November 8, 2005 special election, California voters dealt a devastating blow to Schwarzenegger by soundly rejecting all four ballot initiatives that Schwarzenegger had proposed to reform the state government.

The time and location of these events would not be released to the public until two hours in advance, to limit the time anti-Schwarzenegger forces had to organize protests. A group of four or so "ordinary citizens", pre-selected by local Republican operatives, would appear on stage with Schwarzenegger to ask him questions at the appropriate time. In reality these events were highly choreographed, and typically featured Hollywood-style set lighting and coordinated electronic displays. Schwarzenegger made personal appearances at numerous so-called "town hall meeting" events throughout the state to promote the measures.

Total spending by both sides leading up to the election was estimated at $300 million. State unions and other groups opposed to the measures spent large sums of money opposing Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger characterized the four propositions as being key to his reform agenda. Schwarzenegger even reportedly spent 7 million dollars of his own money.

Through an organization called "Join Arnold", tens of millions of dollars were funneled into the state, mostly from corporate interests, to fund the campaign. Running up to the November special election, Schwarzenegger campaigned heavily throughout the state for his slate of propositions. It would have required people circulating petitions to say whether the signature gatherers are volunteers or are being paid to collect signatures. Schwarzenegger vetoed SB 469 (Bowen) October 7.

Despite his initially high approval ratings, a Field Poll conducted the week before indicated that only 36% of California voters were inclined to reelect him. On September 16, 2005, Schwarzenegger announced that he would seek a second term as governor. Proposition 22 stated that only marriages between a man and a woman would be recognized in the state of California. He stated that he vetoed the bill because he felt that it was in opposition to the will of the voters as expressed by Proposition 22, that had passed in 2000 with 61.4% of the vote.

On September 29, 2005, Schwarzenegger vetoed the California gay marriage bill after it had passed both houses of the legislature (see [40], [41]). The governor's spokesman subsequently reported that Schwarzenegger had directed the disclosure of the contributors to the "residence fund" (see [[39]). Also in August, the Los Angeles Times reported that five non-profit organizations had collected $3,000,000 (USD), chiefly from large businesses, in order to help defray Schwarzenegger's personal and political expenses, including the rent on the $6,000-a-month hotel suite that Schwarzenegger uses when in Sacramento (see [38]]). In addition, American Media's knowledge of the Goyette affair put it in a position of being able to [[blackmail] Schwarzenegger, providing further reason for Schwarzenegger to align his interests with theirs.

Since the age of consent in California is 18 years, Schwarzenegger may have committed statutory rape. In August 2005, the Washington Post reported that American Media had paid former TV actress Gigi Goyette, $20,000 (USD) to keep silent about a seven-year extramarital affair Schwarzenegger had with her beginning in 1975, when Goyette was 16 years old (see [37]]). Following the accusation, Schwarzenegger responded he would end the contracts with the magazines. Supporters point out that he did sign into law a bill that prohibited companies from selling the supplements to minors.

(see [36]). In Schwarzenegger's reason for his veto, he drew a distinction between performance-enhancing dietary supplements and steroid usage, which he says is what needs to be prevented in high school students. This contract was seen as a conflict of interest by critics, who note that the magazines receive much of their revenue from advertisements for dietary supplements, a government-regulated industry affected by Schwarzenegger's veto (September 2004) of a bill that would ban schools from accepting sponsorships from firms that make performance-enhancing dietary supplements. The equity could become worth 1% of the company's value, which was stated at the time of the contract as $520,000,000 (USD)" (see [35]).

Schwarzenegger has also been granted phantom equity, a way of sharing in the growth of the value of the company. Mr. But the payment must be at least $1,000,000 (USD) per year. Schwarzenegger's company, is to receive 1 % of the net print advertising revenues of Weider Publications.

The New York Times further reported (on July 15) that under the five-year November 2003 contract, signed two days before his inauguration as Governor, Oak Productions, Mr. His consulting duties are not clear, except that the job allegedly "takes up little time.". This second contract would net him an estimated $8,000,000 (USD) over the next five years (see [34]). Times.

Schwarzenegger drew fire when a second contract, a consulting position, was subsequently discovered in SEC filings, by the L.A. As executive editor, he produces monthly columns based on his body-building history. Schwarzenegger has an extensive history with the magazines and was frequently their star in his body-building days. He announced in March 2004 that his $250,000 a year salary would be donated to charity.

While governor, Schwarzenegger continued to hold a position of executive editor of two American Media magazines. Some unions and activists reacted with anger (see [27], [28], [29], [30]), and others with humor (see [31], [32], [33]). To some degree, Governor Schwarzenegger's unpopularity has had to do with his confrontations with three popular labor groups: nurses, teachers, and firefighters. [...] These are very clear messages that we must work together, and so I am looking forward to that.".

When asked about the lessons of the poll, Schwarzenegger has responded "People make mistakes sometimes, and I think that we learn. In late June 2005, another non-partisan Field Poll had similar numbers as the earlier one, finding that 57% of California voters are not inclined to elect Schwarzenegger to a second term as Governor in 2006 (see [25]], [[26]). Republicans have claimed that the drop in popularity was due to a multi-million dollar ad campaign by various groups such as unions for nurses, police and firefighters, who opposed his plans for the state pension and his administration's lawsuit to delay implementation of a nurse-to-patient staffing ratio plan. as soon as you start making decisions and strong decisions, sometimes they're not popular decisions." (see [24], video, right side).

They are saying they want us to work together." He has also responded "I know popularity goes up and down.. The governor has responded that the poll sends a "very clear message to us. That represents a drop of 10% since February. The Legislature also shared low approval ratings, with just 24% of voters saying they approve of the job lawmakers have been doing.

Schwarzenegger's spokesman responded that Schwarzenegger had not yet had enough time to explain his proposals to voters. A non-partisan Field poll released a week later showed his support had dropped to 37%, one of the lowest approval ratings for any California governor and barely above the support of recalled former Governor, Gray Davis (see [23]). On June 13, 2005, Schwarzenegger called a statewide special election for November 8, 2005, to vote on a series of reform measures he initially proposed in his 2005 State of the State address. (See [19], [20], [21], [22].).

In the spring of 2005, polls began showing Schwarzenegger's approval ratings had dropped to between 40-49%. However, when asked if they would support Schwarzenegger if he could run for president, 50% said they would oppose, while only 26% said they would support the governor in a presidential bid (see [18]). Additionally, in October, for the first time in four years a plurality of Californians felt the state was "on the right track". Despite what some viewed as political snags during the summer, the Field polls released in August and October 2004 showed that Schwarzenegger's approval rating remained at 65%.

economic situation "economic girlie men". His supporters made "girly men" T-shirts and the Governor continued to use the term, including when he addressed the Republican National Convention in NYC, calling critics of the current U.S. Others however, were quick to point out that the critics actually were expressing a sentiment of latent homophobia themselves because they automatically connected the phrase "girlie-men" with homosexuals. They should get back to the table and they should finish the budget." The remark became national news and was not received well by his opponents, including gay advocacy and feminist groups who labeled it homophobic and sexist, in spite of his earlier support for gay rights (see the Gavin Newsom incident above), not to mention the legislators themselves.

if they don’t have the guts, I call them girlie-men. I want to represent those special interests: the unions, the trial lawyers.' .. They cannot have the guts to come out there in front of you and say, 'I don't want to represent you. He said about the legislators: "They are part of a bureaucracy that is out of shape, that is out of date, that is out of touch and that is definitely out of control in Sacramento.

Trying to rouse public support for his position, he compared lawmakers to kindergartners who need a "timeout," and in a rally of supporters called his budget opponents "girlie men" (a reference to a long-running Saturday Night Live skit parodying Schwarzenegger). In July 2004, however, Schwarzenegger and the state legislature deadlocked, failing to approve the state budget on time. In March, 2004 libertarian policy research foundation, The Cato Institute, rated him 1st in their 1994 fiscal policy report card (see [17]) of the tax and spending policies of the nation's governors. (see [16]).

By comparison, former United States President Ronald Reagan, known as "the Great Communicator," never hit 60% approval while serving as California governor. At the end of May, 2004, the Field poll put his popularity at 65%, the highest for a California governor in 45 years, including 41% of Democrats, party adherents of his opposition. He has dealt successfully with California politicians as diverse as John Burton on the left to Tom McClintock on the right. Despite expectations that Schwarzenegger would be vulnerable to opposition critics once taking office, his early governorship showed some successes.

In a statement (see [15]) Schwarzenegger argued not on the grounds that Williams' actions were beyond atonement: instead he appeared to acknowledge that atonement was possible, but Williams had not done so, Schwarzenegger stating that "the one thing [apologising for the four murders he committed] that would be the clearest indication of complete remorse and full redemption is the one thing Williams will not do.". After a longer period of consideration than is usual, on December 12, 2005, Schwarzenegger denied clemency to quadruple murderer Stanley Tookie Williams, who was executed on December 13. The power of clemency is often controversial. The governor has granted clemency to a number of convicted felons – more than Democrat predecessor Gray Davis, who presided over numerous executions.

However, Schwarzenegger does not appear to be in any danger of losing his Austrian citizenship. Pilz claimed that Austrian law forbids any Austrian citizen from taking part in or ordering executions. Austrian Green Party spokesman, Peter Pilz, later called for Schwarzenegger to be stripped of his Austrian citizenship. The first execution under his administration was that of Donald Beardslee.

Circuit Court of Appeals pending a revisiting of evidence. Nevertheless, Cooper's planned execution was stayed by the Ninth U.S. Also in February 2004, he declined amnesty to convicted murderer Kevin Cooper who had asked him for clemency in his death penalty sentence. Still, critics have observed that there is no federal requirement that other states recognize a state-granted domestic partnership, as is the case with marriages under the Full Faith and Credit Clause of the United States Constitution.

In 2005 when he vetoed a bill that would have legalized same-sex marriages he defended his actions by saying that California voters had passed an initiative banning such recognition and that he supports that state's domestic partnership law that gives same-sex couples many of the same rights as a heterosexual married couple. In February 2004 when San Francisco city mayor, Gavin Newsom, ordered a change in the certificate application documents to allow for same-sex marriages, Governor Schwarzenegger opposed the move as being beyond the powers of the mayor, but also said that he supports gay rights and has expressed support for a law to grant civil unions to gay couples. Schwarzenegger continues to collect campaign contributions from private interests (see [13]]) at a greater rate than any politician in California history, including Gray Davis, whom he criticized on that very issue (see [[14]). However, Schwarzenegger made a point shortly after becoming governor of voluntarily attending a training course conducted by the state Attorney General's office on preventing sexual harassment (along with several members of his senior staff).

Schwarzenegger was later criticized for reneging on his campaign pledges not to take money from special interests and for failing to answer directly the sexual harassment allegations raised by the Los Angeles Times immediately preceding the recall election. Schwarzenegger convinced the Democratic-controlled state legislature to approve the package by threatening to take the issue directly to state voters in a November ballot initiative if the legislature did not act. He accomplished the third point when he signed a workers' compensation reform bill on April 19, 2004. 58 passed with 71.0% in favor.

57 passed with 63.3% of the votes in favor and Prop. Prop. Despite initially tepid support from the public, the combination of heavy campaigning by Schwarzenegger, endorsements from a number of leading Democrats, and warnings about the dire consequences should the propositions fail to pass, led to overwhelming votes in favor of the two propositions. To fulfill the first two points, he urged California voters to pass Proposition 57 and Proposition 58 in the March 2, 2004, election, which authorized the sale of $15 billion in bonds and mandated balanced budgets, respectively.

He initiated the cuts by agreeing to serve as governor with no salary, a savings of $175,000 (USD) per year. Schwarzenegger also called the state legislature into a special session and said that spending cuts would also be necessary. Third, he sought an overhaul of workers' compensation. Second, he urged voters to pass a constitutional amendment to limit state spending.

First, Schwarzenegger proposed floating $15,000,000,000 (USD) in bonds. On his first full day in office, Schwarzenegger proposed a three-point plan to address the budget woes. The increase was a restoration to 1998 levels. In his first few hours in office Schwarzenegger fulfilled his campaign promise to repeal an unpopular 200% increase in vehicle license fees undertaken to fund the state's budget.

It was about changing the entire political climate of our state.". It was not replacing one party. This election was not about replacing one man. What I care about is restoring your confidence in your government..

I did not seek this office to do things the way they've always been done. He spoke briefly: "Today is a new day in California. The Schwarzenegger children joined others in reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, then Maria Shriver spoke and held the Bible while Schwarzenegger was sworn into the office of Governor. Hollywood attendees included Danny DeVito, Rhea Perlman, Dennis Miller and Rob Lowe (Only Miller is a Republican).

Schwarzenegger's inauguration was opened by Vanessa Lynn Williams, his co-star from Eraser, singing the National Anthem. He was sworn into office on November 17, 2003. In total, Arnold won the election by about 1.3 million votes. Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California under the second question on the ballot with 48.6% of the vote, defeating Democrat Cruz Bustamante, fellow Republican Tom McClintock and others.

On October 7, 2003, the 2003 California recall resulted in Governor Gray Davis being recalled with 55.4% of the Yes vote. This got little press but still angered many. A slightly smaller scandal arose when campaign ads were shown to have citizens of California out of focus, but products from campaign contributors clear. Garry Trudeau, the cartoonist behind the comic strip Doonesbury, combined the allegations by nicknaming Schwarzenegger "Herr Gröpenführer" and depicting Schwarzenegger as a huge, groping hand in his artwork.

These allegations were brought up mainly in the context of his campaign, but they continue to be occasionally used by some critics. Waldheim was also invited to Arnold's wedding with Maria Shriver, but declined (see [[12]). Schwarzenegger's name remained on Waldheim's campaign posters, even after allegations of Waldheim's war crimes were brought to light. Schwarzenegger supported the campaign of his friend, Kurt Waldheim, former UN chief and a former Austrian politician who was accused of war crimes during World War II in Yugoslavia, which resulted in both Waldheim, and his wife, Elisabeth, both of whom belonged to the Nazi Party, being excluded from entering the United States.

March 1992 Spy Magazine article mentions a story confirmed by "a businessman and longtime friend of Schwarzenegger's" -- that in the '70s Arnold "enjoyed playing and giving away records of Hitler's speeches" (see [11]]). Although Schwarzenegger's father was in fact a member of the Nazi party, Schwarzenegger has been a strong supporter of various Jewish groups, and has denounced the principles of the fascist German regime, saying "I have always despised everything that Hitler stands for". However the full text of the statement from which the quotation was taken significantly reduces the credibility of the allegations. Allegations printed on the front page of The Los Angeles Times, based on selective quotation, which Schwarzenegger claimed not to recall, were also made that he at one time admired Adolf Hitler and had praised him as a great propagandist.

This came after a magazine interview from the same era (1975) surfaced in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending sexual orgies and indulging in drugs like marijuana and cocaine (see [8]], [[9]], [[10]). Schwarzenegger admitted that he has "behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of (what) you see in the stories is not true". Chronologically, they ranged from Elaine Stockton, who claimed that Schwarzenegger groped her breast at a Gold's Gym in 1975 (she was 19 at the time), to a 51 year old woman who said that he pinned her to his chest and spanked her shortly after she met him in connection with production of his film, The Sixth Day, in 2000. Within the last five days before the election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles Times recounting allegations of sexual misconduct from several individual women, sixteen of whom eventually came forward with their personal stories.

During the campaign, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against Schwarzenegger (see Gropegate). Among his campaign team were Democrat actor Rob Lowe, Democrat sounding billionaire Warren Buffett, and moderate George Shultz (former Nixon and Reagan aide). However, due to his status as a naturalized citizen, he would not be eligible to seek the Presidency unless the Constitution were to be amended (as proposed in 2000 by Congressman Barney Frank (D-MA), and in July 2003 (the Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment) by Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT)). At the end of his first press conference, he told the audience "I'll be back." Schwarzenegger looked to follow in the footsteps of former California governor and one-time movie star Ronald Reagan.

Schwarzenegger was quick to make use of his well-known one-liners, promising to "pump up Sacramento, California" (the state capital) and tell Gray Davis hasta la vista. His candidacy was immediate national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the "Governator" (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and "The Running Man" (the name of another of his movies), and calling the recall election "Total Recall" (ditto) and "Terminator 4: Rise of the Candidate" (referring to his movie Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines). As a candidate in the recall election, Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians. He is failing them terribly, and this is why he needs to be recalled and this is why I am going to run for governor of the state of California.".

The man that is failing the people more than anyone is Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger told Leno, "The politicians are fiddling, fumbling and failing. Ultimately, Shriver said she would support Schwarzenegger no matter what he chose, so he decided to run. When announcing his candidacy on the Tonight Show, he joked, "It's the most difficult [decision] I've made in my entire life, except the one I made in 1978 when I decided to get a bikini wax".

Rumors leading up to the announcement said that his wife, Maria Shriver, a Kennedy family Democrat, was against his running, and he wanted her approval in order to run. Even his closest advisors said he was probably not going to run. In the days and even hours leading up to the show's taping, political experts and insiders concluded that Schwarzenegger was leaning against running in California's October 7 recall election. Schwarzenegger was just wrapping up a promotional tour for Terminator 3 and said he would announce his decision on whether to run on August 6 on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.

If the state needs me, and if there's no one I think is better, then I will run." When a petition to recall Democratic governor Gray Davis qualified for the ballot on July 24, Schwarzenegger left many wondering whether he would jump into the contest. In the July 2003 issue of Esquire Magazine magazine, he said, "Yes, I would love to be governor of California .. In the months leading to the 2003 California recall, Schwarzenegger was widely rumored to be considering a run at becoming Governor of California. For years, Schwarzenegger had discussed with friends, potential donors, advisors and political allies a possible run for high political office; on April 10, 2003, for example, he met with Republican political operative Karl Rove to discuss a future campaign.

Schwarzenegger scored his first real political success on November 5, 2002, when Californians approved his personally crafted and sponsored Proposition 49, the "After School Education and Safety Program Act of 2002", an initiative to make state grants available for after-school programs. He later served as Chairman for the California Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor Pete Wilson. He becomes the number one attention-getter.". "He has what we in the military call a command presence.

"When he walked in, it wasn't about the governor, it was about Arnold," said Otott, a retired Marine. "He would hit sometimes two or three governors in a day in his own airplane, at his own expense, somewhere around $4,000 an hour," said George Otott, his chief of staff at the time. promoting physical fitness to kids and lobbying all 50 governors in support of school fitness programs. During that time, Schwarzenegger traveled across the U.S.

Bush from 1990 to 1993. W. Schwarzenegger was appointed Chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports in the administration of George H. And there's a vacuum.".

I feel there are a lot of people standing still and not doing enough. Regarding a run for public office, in 1999, he told Talk magazine that "I think about it many times." He also said, "The possibility is there because I feel it inside. It had been known since the 1990s that Schwarzenegger was interested in public office; this was jokingly referenced in the 1993 Sylvester Stallone film, Demolition Man, where a future America passed a constitutional amendment to allow naturalized Americans like Schwarzenegger to become President of the United States, and that film has reference to a "Schwarzenegger Presidential Library". The fact that both of his parents belonged to the Nazi Party was not mentioned although it could have accounted for considerable unease -Ed.].

* Post-war Graz, Austria (where he grew up) was controlled by the British, not the Soviets, as he had asserted (not in any quoted excerpts herein) on other occasions, citing his childhood fear that anyone in his family could have been "grabbed" by the Soviets and disappeared, and thus his concommitant antipathy to communism and socialism. * The Austrian Socialists were not in power when Schwarzenegger emigrated to the USA, rather the Conservative Party was.. [Note-it should be noted that Schwarzenegger was challenged about several of the "factual" assertions he had made regarding why he became a Republican:. In an interview on October 29, 2002, with MSNBC's Chris Matthews at Chapman University, Schwarzenegger explained why he is a Republican:.

Bush in the closing days of the campaign. Sensing an opportunity to affect the outcome of the 2004 Presidential race, Schwarzenegger campaigned in Ohio for Republican George W. However, he chastised fellow Republicans during the impeachment of Bill Clinton in 1998. Bush in 1988.

Schwarzenegger backed Republican President Ronald Reagan (another movie star turned politician) while Reagan was in office, and campaigned for George H.W. he is pro-choice, supports stem cell research and some gay rights issues). He describes himself as fiscally conservative and socially moderate (i.e. Schwarzenegger is a registered Republican, unusual among the often heavily Democratic Hollywood community.

He starred in the popularly received Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003) His last film appearance to date was a cameo appearance in the 2004 remake of Around the World in 80 Days, notable for featuring him onscreen with action star Jackie Chan for the first time. Instead he returned with End of Days (1999) - an unsuccessful and atypically dark attempt to broaden his acting range - The 6th Day (2000) and Collateral Damage (2002), none of which came close to recapturing his former prominence. Several film projects were announced with Schwarzenegger attached to star including the remake of Planet of the Apes, a new film of I Am Legend and a World War II film scripted by Quentin Tarantino that would have seen Schwarzenegger finally play an Austrian. Although Batman & Robin was a famous disaster, Schwarzenegger emerged largely unscathed.

It was followed by the popular, albeit by-the-numbers Eraser (1996), and Batman & Robin (1997), his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Shortly thereafter came Junior, which brought Schwarzenegger his second Golden Globe nomination, this time for Best Actor - Musical or Comedy. True Lies (1994) was a popular sendup of spy films, and saw Schwarzenegger reunited with director James Cameron, whose own career had taken off with The Terminator. Schwarzenegger's career never again achieved quite the same prominence, his aura of box-office invincibility suffering.

His next film project, the self-aware action comedy Last Action Hero, (1993), had the misfortune to be released opposite Jurassic Park, and suffered accordingly. Schwarzenegger's critical and commercial high-water mark was Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991). He has not directed since. Schwarzenegger had a brief foray into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt, entitled "The Switch", and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in Connecticut.

Kindergarten Cop (1990) was another comedy. Total Recall (1990), at that time the most expensive film ever, netted Schwarzenegger $10 million and 15% of the gross, and was a widely praised, thought-provoking science-fiction script behind his usual violent action. Twins, (1988) a comedy with Danny DeVito, was a change of pace. In Predator (1987), another commercially successful film, Schwarzenegger led a cast which included future Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura (Ventura also appears in Running Man) and future Kentucky Gubernatorial Candidate Sonny Landham.

Following his arrival as a Hollywood superstar, he made a number of commercially successful films: Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), and Red Heat (1988). (As an aside, his alternative-universe comedy/thriller Last Action Hero featured a poster of the movie Terminator 2: Judgment Day which, in that alternate universe had Sylvester Stallone as its star; a similar in-joke in Twins suggested that the two actors might one day co-star, something which has yet to come to pass). He also made a mark for injecting his films with a droll, often self-deprecating sense of humor, setting him apart from more serious action heroes such as Sylvester Stallone, his most prominent contemporary. However, few of the fans of his work seem to care.

Schwarzenegger's acting ability (described by one critic as having an emotional range that "stretches from A almost to B") has long been the butt of many jokes; he retains a strong Austrian accent in his speech even in roles which do not call for such an accent. As an actor, he is best-known as the title character of director James Cameron's android thriller The Terminator (1984). Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film was Conan the Barbarian (1982), and this was cemented by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer (1984). In 1991, Schwarzenegger purchased the rights to this film, its outtakes, and associated still photography (see [7]).

Schwarzenegger came to the attention of more people in the documentary Pumping Iron (1977), elements of which were dramatized. His second film appearance was as a deaf and mute hitman for the mob in director Robert Altman's The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry (1976), for which he was awarded a Golden Globe for Best New Male Star. Credited under the name Arnold Strong, his accent in the film was so thick that his lines had to be dubbed after production. Initially he had trouble breaking into films due to his long surname, large muscles, and foreign accent, but was eventually chosen to play the role of Hercules (as had done both Reg Park and Steve Reeves) in Hercules in New York (1970).

Schwarzenegger had long planned to segue from bodybuilding into a career in acting, as had done many of his idols, such as Reg Park. In bodybuilder slang, steroids are sometimes refered to as "Arnolds" (see [6]). According to a spokesman, Schwarzenegger has not used anabolic steroids since 1990 when they were made illegal (see [5]). Schwarzenegger was born with a bicuspid aortic valve; a normal heart has tricuspid valves.

(see [4]). As late as 1996, a year before open heart surgery to replace an aortic valve, Schwarzenegger publicly defended his use of anabolic steroids during his bodybuilding career. tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder's future health. In 1999 Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with Globe Magazine, a U.S.

Because the doctor had never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a DM 20,000 ($12,000 USD) libel judgment against him in a German court. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted an early death for the bodybuilder based on a link between steroid use and later heart problems. In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Even Schwarzenegger has called the drugs "tissue building." (see [3]).

I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up." However, some bodybuilders who used the same steroid cocktails as Schwarzenegger in the 1970s dispute the notion that they were used merely for "muscle maintenance". Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids whilst they were legal, writing in 1977 that "[steroids] were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. Those he did not win are indicated in italics. Schwarzenegger won most of the bodybuilding contests he competed in.

Schwarzenegger has allegedly said, "If you gave these Blacks a country to run, they would run it down the tubes" (see [2]). In 2003 two African-American bodybuilders came forward claiming that Schwarzenegger has a history of making racist comments. Bush, who called him Conan the Republican. W.

He was nominated by George H. Schwarzenegger's first political appointment was to the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993. The magazine MuscleMag International has a monthly two page article on him and refers to him as "The King". The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor's various physical fitness initiatives.

Shortly after being elected Governor, he was appointed executive editor of both magazines in a largely symbolic capacity. For many years he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows. Schwarzenegger has remained a prominent face in the bodybuilding sport long after his retirement, in part due to his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines.

Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition. Arnold was a late entry and won with only eight weeks of preparation. Mike Mentzer was defeated in this competition, despite being on his best ever form (a fact which caused him to leave the world of bodybuilding). Olympia, the most controversial Olympia ever.

Arnold came out of retirement to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia for a sixth consecutive time Arnold once again retired from competition. After being declared Mr. Ferrigno proved to not be a threat and a lighter than usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Olympia.

Arnold had only three months to prepare for the competition after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry with Jeff Bridges. However, Gearge Butler and Charles Gaines convinced him to compete one more time so they could make the bodybuilding documenary called Pumping Iron. Arnold retired from competition after the 1974 Olympia. Ferrigno was the first possible threat to Arnold's reign since Oliva.

Lou Ferrigno also competed at the '73 Olympia. In 1974, Arnold was once again in top form and won the title for the fifth consecutive time. Perhaps Arnold was in such great shape for the 1973 Olympia because he feared Oliva would once again enter the competition. He displayed his best physique to that point.

In 1973, Arnold once again won the Olympia with no real competition. Arnold won the show but it was very close and bodybuilding fans still argue over whether Arnold or Sergio should have won. Then, in 1972, Oliva came back with what is still considered by many to be the greatest physique ever displayed. Olympia with little incident.

Arnold won the 1971 Mr. He convincingly won the competition. The terrifying image of Oliva spurred Arnold to come back in 1970 with a vengence. Arnold entered the contest confident, but when he saw Oliva in the pump room his confidence was shattered.

His first attempt was in 1969 where he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva. Olympia. Arnold's goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Arnold broke the existing record, winning the contest.

In 1967 Arnold won the Munich stone lifting contest in which a stone weighing 508 German pounds, approximately 560 English pounds, is lifted between the legs while standing on two foot rests. Olympia in 1991. Olympia wins, a record which would remain until Lee Haney won his eighth straight Mr. Universe wins and a record 7 Mr.

He would go on to compete in and win many bodybuilding (as well as some powerlifting) contests, including 4 NABBA Mr. Europe. One of the first competitions he won was Junior Mr. Schwarzenegger first gained fame as a bodybuilder.

Though Schwarzenegger refuses to discuss his plastic surgery ("You are confusing me with Cher," he told People Magazine in 2002), citing before and after photos, critics allege he has undergone procedures on his eyes and chin, and has received at least one facelift (see [1]). His distinctive and oft-imitated accent has led many entertainers and pundits to refer to him simply as "Ah-nuldt". Together, the couple own a home in gated Bel Air, California as well as at the fabled Kennedy Compound in Massachusetts. The couple have four children: daughters Katherine (born December 13, 1989) and Christina (b.July 23, 1991), and sons Patrick (b.September 18, 1993) and Christopher (b.September 27, 1997).

Kennedy. In 1986, Schwarzenegger married TV journalist Maria Shriver, niece of the late President of the United States John F. In 1983 his autobiography, Arnold: The Education of a Body-Builder was published. from the University of Wisconsin-Superior where he graduated with degrees in international marketing of fitness and business administration in 1979.

During this time, he earned a B.A. citizen in 1983, although he has also retained his Austrian citizenship. He became a U.S. Schwarzenegger moved to the United States in September 1968, with little money or knowledge of the English language, and trained at Gold's Gym in Santa Monica under the patronage of Joe Weider.

He would come second in the competition, but would win the title the next year, becoming the youngest ever Mr Universe at age 20. He arrived in England knowing little English, and it was here he first started being referred to as "The Austrian Oak", due to his large build and the story of him performing chin ups from the limb of an Oak tree on the banks of the river Thalersee, the lake of his hometown. Universe competition being held in London. He made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr.

Schwarzenegger left Thal for a job managing a gym in Munich, Germany, while continuing his bodybuilding. Europe, where he won first place. During this year he snuck off the base to compete in his first bodybuilding competition, the junior division of Mr. Arnold served in the Austrian army in 1965, completing the mandatory one year service required at the time for all 18 year old Austrian men.

He attended a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local cinemas, viewing his idols such as musclemen Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen. As a boy, Schwarzenegger played many sports, but discovered his passion for bodybuilding when in his mid-teens his soccer coach took the team for weight training. In Pumping Iron he claimed he did not attend his father's funeral as he was training for a bodybuilding contest, although both he and the film's producer later stated that this story was taken from another bodybuilder. Schwarzenegger attended neither's funeral.

Meinhard died in a car accident in 1971, and Gustav died the following year. Gustav was a strict and demanding father, who generally favored the elder of his two sons, the handsome and blond Meinhard. His parents were the local police chief and a former Nazi stormtrooper, Gustav Schwarzenegger (1907-1972), and his wife, the former Aurelia Jadrny (1922-1998), who had been married on October 20, 1945, when he was 35 and she was 23 and widowed. Schwarzenegger was born in Thal, Austria, a small town four miles (6 km) from the Styrian capital, Graz, and christened Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger.

. Some of his most famous films include The Terminator, Predator, True Lies, Kindergarten Cop, Total Recall, and his Hollywood breakthrough film Conan the Barbarian. Nicknamed "The Austrian Oak" in his body-building days, and more recently "The Governator" (a play on the words "Governor" and "Terminator", after the film role), Schwarzenegger as a young man gained widespread attention as a highly successful bodybuilder, and later gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film star. On September 16th, 2005 he officially announced that he will seek re-election to a full term in California's 2006 gubernatorial election.

Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, 2003, to serve the remainder of Davis' term, which lasts until January 8, 2007. He was elected on October 7, 2003 in a special recall election which removed the sitting governor, Gray Davis, from office. (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe nominated actor, and Republican politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. Schwarzenegger's weight while competing was in the 245 pound range; currently, he carries about 210 pounds.

Bush in Ohio in 2004, he appeared only about an inch taller than the 5'11" President. While campaigning for George W. Schwarzenegger's official height has usually been reported as 6'2", though some observers debit him two or three inches. He has appeared alongside his fellow actor from Around the World in 80 Days, Jackie Chan, in a government advert to combat piracy, (see [48]).

His fellow bodybuilder and actor, Sven-Ole Thorsen, has collaborated with him in 15 movies so far. California took delivery of the first H2H (Hydrogen Hummer) in October 2004 (see [47]). After the election, he signed an executive order to jumpstart the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the "California Hydrogen Highway Network", and gained a DOE grant to help pay for its projected $91,000,000 (USD) cost (see [46]). The conversion was reported to have cost about $21,000 (USD).

During the Gubernatorial Recall campaign he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen (see [45]). fuel economy regulations do not apply to it. He bought the first Hummer manufactured for civilian use in 1992, a model so large, 6,300 lb (2900 kg) and 7 feet (2.1 m) wide that it is classified as a large truck and U.S. Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise.

Because Schwarzenegger opted in 1997 for a replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue, medical experts predict he will require repeated heart valve replacement surgery in the next two to eight years (as his current valve degrades). "Schwarzenegger has a lot of muscles, but apparently not much heart," said Julien Dray, spokesman for the Socialist Party in France, where the death penalty was abolished in 1981. Schwarzenegger justified his actions by referring to the fact that his only duty as Governor of California was to prevent an error in the judicial system. Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger's actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria under Protocol 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights) had indeed done heavy damage to Austria's reputation.

This demand was based on article 33 of the Austrian citizenship act that states: A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall be deprived of his citizenship, if he heavily damages the reputation or the interests of the Austrian Republic (see [44]). In 2005 Peter Pilz from the Austrian Green Party in parliament demanded to revoke Schwarzenegger's Austrian citizenship. Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics (see [43]). In another tribute to Schwarzenegger, at one time there were plans to build a 25-metre tall statue of the Terminator in a park in central Graz.

    . Graz officials removed Schwarzenegger's name from the stadium in December 2005 (see [42]). Schwarzenegger responded, saying that "to spare the responsible politicians of the city of Graz further concern, I withdraw from them as of this day the right to use my name in association with the Liebenauer Stadium". Following the Stanley Tookie Williams execution and after street protests in his home town, several local politicians began a campaign to remove Schwarzenegger's name from the stadium.

    The Arnold Schwarzenegger Stadium, now officially titled Stadion Graz-Liebenau, is the home of both Grazer AK and Sturm Graz. In honor of its most famous son, Schwarzenegger's home town of Graz had named its soccer stadium after him. In December 2001, he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after another motorcycle crash in L.A. Schwarzenegger, who famously rode motorcycles in the Terminator movies, has never actually obtained an M-1 or M-2 endorsement on his California driver's license that would allow him to legally ride one on the street.

    "No citations were issued" said officer Jason Lee, a police spokesman. While his son and the other driver were unharmed, the govenor sustained a minor injury to his lip, forcing him to get 15 sutures. On January 8, 2006, while riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle, with his son in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed. Tom McClintock (R), 13%.

    Cruz Bustamante (D), 32%. Arnold Schwarzenegger (R), 49%. 2003 Recall Election for Governor

      . Twins (1988).

      True Lies (1994). Total Recall (1990). The Villain (1979). The Terminator (1984).

      The Running Man (1987). The Rundown (2003) (cameo). The Long Goodbye (1973). The Kid and I (2005).

      The Jayne Mansfield Story (1980). The 6th Day (2000). Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines (2003). Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991).

      Stay Hungry (1976). Scavenger Hunt (1979). Red Sonja (1985). Red Heat (1988).

      Raw Deal (1986). Pumping Iron (1977). Predator (1987). Last Action Hero (1993).

      Kindergarten Cop (1990). Junior (1994). Jingle All the Way (1996). Hercules in New York (1970).

      Happy Anniversary and Goodbye (1974). Eraser (1996). End of Days (1999). Dolittle 2 (2001) (voice).

      Dr. Conan the Destroyer (1984). Conan the Barbarian (1982). Commando (1985).

      Collateral Damage (2002). Beretta's Island (1994). Batman & Robin (1997). Around the World in 80 Days (2004).

      Olympia. 1980 Mr. Olympia (Pretoria, South Africa), the subject of the documentary Pumping Iron. 1975 Mr.

      Olympia (New York). 1974 Mr. Olympia (New York). 1973 Mr.

      Olympia (Essen, Germany). 1972 Mr. Olympia (Paris). 1971 Mr.

      Olympia (New York). 1970 Mr. World (Columbus, Ohio), the first time he had beaten Sergio Oliva. 1970 Mr.

      Olympia, 2nd to Sergio Oliva. 1969 Mr. Universe professional (London), defeating his boyhood idol Reg Park. 1970 NABBA Mr.

      Universe professional (London). 1969 NABBA Mr. Universe (New York). 1969 IFBB Mr.

      Universe (Florida), 2nd to Frank Zane. 1968 IFBB Mr. Internaional (Mexico). 1968 IFBB Mr.

      1968 German Powerlifting Championship. Universe professional (London). 1968 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur (London).

      1967 NABBA Mr. Universe amateur (London), 2nd to Chet Yorton. 1966 NABBA Mr. 1966 International Powerlifting Championship (Germany).

      Europe (Germany). 1966 Mr. 1966 Best Built Man of Europe (Germany). Europe (Germany).

      1965 Junior Mr.

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