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Pimp My Ride

Pimp My Ride logo

Pimp My Ride is a TV show originally shown on MTV, with the first episode airing on March 4, 2004. The concept is simple — one takes a car that is old, thought to be unfashionable, falling apart, or some combination thereof, and "pimps" it (i.e., the car is restored and customized). The show picks young car owners (requirements limit participants to their early 20's) living in the Los Angeles/Southern California area.

The show features rapper Xzibit, who takes the cars to the custom body shop of West Coast Customs (WCC), where the WCC team generally replaces most of the components and rebuilds the interior and exterior from scratch.

Each car is a custom "pimp", tailored to the personalities and interests of the owners. For example, a Need for Speed: Underground 2 fan had his car painted to look like one in the game, while a bowler had a ball washer installed in his trunk, and a surfer got a full-size dryer (or at least one that fit) in the back of his Volkswagen van. Work usually includes new paint, accessories, chrome, tires and rims, and internal electronics (even, and especially, DVD players, video games, TFT screens of excessive size and other top notch gadgets). Customization and extra gifts usually total around US$20,000 (though the show usually doesn't put much emphasis on costs). However, WCC is well-known for putting their own whimsical touches in their work, such as the aforementioned dryer, or an electric fireplace in the trunk of another vehicle.

On only two occasions did WCC not "pimp" the automobile. In the first instance (the last episode of Year 1), the car-to-be-pimped was actually two Ford Escorts welded together, and was considered unsafe. In the second instance (Episode 8 of Year 2) the "Pimpee" was studying to be an auto mechanic, and WCC decided to let him "pimp" his car as a study project. In both instances, the "Pimpees" were given brand new cars, with extensive WCC modifications to customize the new car for the owner.

Much of the appeal of the show comes from the personalities involved. The WCC employees are an eclectic mix of outgoing personalities, such as:

  • the appropriately named Big Dane,
  • electronics (and outrageous engineering) expert Mad Mike,
  • tough-looking interior and fabric maven Ish, and
  • the heavily pierced tire-specialist Alex.

Xzibit, the show's host, has found a new audience of fans, who appreciate his sense of humor and obvious love of his job. Both he and WCC have experienced boosts in business due to the show: Xzibit has gained wider attention for his music career (as well as hosting and movie gigs), and WCC had to expand their facilities, due to the international exposure Pimp My Ride gave their work. After the second season however, WCC manager "Q" announced that he would not be willing to take a role in the show anymore. He cited a desire to expand the company's business with a customs shop in St. Louis, Missouri. Ryan Haus, the owner of WCC, has been featured in season 3 as the "lead" for discussions on what customizing will be done on the incoming cars.

WCC has faced problems with some of their modifications. In December 2004 the shop was fined $16,000 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (along with fellow shop Unique Autosports) for removing airbags from cars and replacing them with DVD monitors, although this modification was not done on the TV show.

MTV has announced that Pimp My Ride will no longer be with WCC. Ryan, the WCC manager has moved his shop to Corona, CA and is worried about his ability to both do the show and have another shop. The producers of the show will continue new episodes with another garage to be announced in early 2006. Discovery Channel will be showing a new series (unamed) that features WCC's car built in the garage more than, as Ryan Haus says "over-the-top cars". The series should begin early 2006.

Pimp My Ride worldwide

Pimp My Ride is one of MTV's most popular shows in nearly all of its worldwide subsidiaries (numbering nearly 100), the only exception being the U.S., where it is second place to The Real World (which is generally much less known outside of the United States).

A UK version of the show launched on 26 June 2005, presented by the DJ Tim Westwood. Carisma Automotive are the customisers for the UK version.

The German-language MTV Central Europe has two adaptions of the show called Pimp My Fahrrad (English: "Pimp My Bicycle") and Pimp My Whatever. On Pimp My Fahrrad [1], the bike shop Elbcoast Psycles redoes almost the entire bicycle, usually leaving only the frame intact. While the show could be seen as a parody of the American original, it is also a loving tribute, using all the elements of the American show with a bicycle twist. It is hosted by German actor Oliver Korittke. In Pimp My Whatever [2] ElbCoast Psycles return once more to pimp anything from a bathroom and a doghouse to a Birthday Party or even someone's brother. Pimp My Whatever is hosted by MTV's presenter Patrice Bouédibéla. Both shows are located in Hamburg.
The original US Pimp My Ride is shown in English language with German subtitles.

MTV Italy also features a different version of Pimp My Ride, called Pimp My Wheels. Hosted by the Italian hip hop group Gemelli DiVersi, Pimp My Wheels turns old rusty motorscooters or motorcycles into brand-new shiny vehicles.

Cars featured on the show

U.S. Version

Season 1

  1. Daihatsu Hi-Jet (1988)
  2. Cadillac Sedan de Ville (1978)
  3. Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1986)
  4. Honda Civic (1992)
  5. Mitsubishi Mirage (1989)
  6. Ford Mustang (1967)
  7. Ford Ranger (1985)
  8. Pontiac Trans Am (1981)
    • When the Trans Am was being pimped, some of the WCC crew made references to Smokey and the Bandit. This pimped-out vehicle had a coffee maker installed in a center console and a chandelier in place of the dome light.
  9. Chevrolet LUV Truck (1974)
  10. Mustang Convertible (1989)
  11. Nissan Maxima Station Wagon (1984)
    • The Nissan was referred to as the 'identity crisis' because of the Datsun and Nissan badges.
  12. Volkswagen Baja Bug (1969)
  13. Honda CRX (1987)
  14. Toyota Land Cruiser (1972)
  15. Ford Escort (1989)
    • This was two Escorts welded together, and was deemed unsafe for the road, so WCC and Xzibit procured a 2004 Scion xB and "pimped" that instead.

Season 2

  1. Cadillac Eldorado (1984)
    • The wheels on it were 24 carat gold, which were worth more than the car itself
  2. Ford Escort (1991)
    • Turned into a knock-off replica of a BMW M3
  3. Volkswagen Bus (1958)
  4. Chevrolet Suburban (1985)
  5. Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (1987)
  6. Acura Legend (1988)
  7. Nissan 240SX (1989)
    • Produced as a replica tie-in with the video game Need for Speed: Underground 2. Of note is that the game uses a fastback, while the pimped car was a coupe.
  8. Ford Fairlane (1963)
    • The 19-year old owner was hoping to become a mechanic, so WCC and Xzibit decided to let him restore his car himself and procured a 2005 Toyota 4Runner to "pimp".

Season 3

  1. Ford Econoline (1985)
  2. Chevrolet S10
  3. Chevrolet Cavalier Convertible (1991)
  4. Chevrolet Caprice (1996)
    • This was a former Police car.
  5. Honda Civic (1988)
  6. Chevrolet Bel Air (1955)
  7. Toyota Van LE (1986)
  8. Mitsubishi Eclipse (1998)

Season 4

  1. AMC Pacer (1976)
  2. Toyota Corolla (2003)
  3. Chevrolet C10 (1986)
  4. Dodge Caravan (1988)
  5. Chevrolet Chevelle convertible (1968)
  6. Ford Taurus (1989)
  7. Buick Century (1986)
  8. Chevrolet Panel Truck (1957)

Special

  1. Jeep Wrangler
    • This car was "pimped" for The Tonight Show announcer John Melendez.

UK Version

Season 1

  1. Morris Minor (1961)
  2. Volkswagen Golf (1989)
  3. Ford Granada (1983)
  4. Fiat Panda (1987)
  5. Ford Capri (1986)
  6. Hackney Carriage (1986)

Spoofs

MAD Magazine

A PMR spoof appeared in MAD #456, called Dump My Ride. The car, "dumped" by "Messed-up Customs", was (apparently) a 1977 AMC Gremlin, which was outfitted with multiple television sets, a miniature race-car track, a deep fryer, and a koi pond. The spoof ultimately ended with the car being vandalized and left on blocks in a parking lot when the owner went into a store.

AirFerg

An AirFerg sketch featured Ferg pimp a boy's mother to become a full-fledged whore with an automatic coochie among other things.

Jimmy Kimmel Live

A PMR spoof appeared in Jimmy Kimmel Live, called Pimp My Bride featuring Xzibit himself and written by Kimmel's team. This short skit shows Xzibit entering a church and excited to see the bride who is getting pimped - after which, Xzibit tells the groom to come to the alley with him and reveals the bride, who, as expected, is done up like a prostitute and has a television installed on her back.

Chav My Motor

A PMR spoof appeared on VH1 in the UK, called Chav My Motor. Chav My Motor was a spoof of PMR, and although there was advertising for the show, it was never shown. This is because it turned out to be an April Fools joke. At midday, a picture spoofing the test card (with the word "fool" written on the blackboard) was shown with an announcement that Chav my Motor would not be shown due to "ongoing police investigations", and would be shown on 1st April next year.

Robot Chicken

Spoofing PMR, Robot Chicken's version was Pimp My Sister, where a pimp and his stable turned a kid's nice, average sister into a whore for the kid to pimp.

Weebl and Bob

The Weebl and Bob episode "joust2" features the car belonging to the character Bob being "pimped" for a joust, by a jar of jam and a talking fried egg known as "Eggsy Bit".

Wizard

An issue of Wizard featured an article in which superheros and their "supermobiles" (e.g-Batman and the Batmobile, Wonder Woman and her invisible jet, Optimus Prime) were pimped.

Date Movie

The film Date Movie features a part where Julia Jones (Alyson Hannigan), the main character, gets "pimped", complete with gold teeth.


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The film Date Movie features a part where Julia Jones (Alyson Hannigan), the main character, gets "pimped", complete with gold teeth. As wages increased, the quantity of apples was toned down to a single fruit. An issue of Wizard featured an article in which superheros and their "supermobiles" (e.g-Batman and the Batmobile, Wonder Woman and her invisible jet, Optimus Prime) were pimped. As apples were a very common crop, teachers would often be given baskets of apples by students. The Weebl and Bob episode "joust2" features the car belonging to the character Bob being "pimped" for a joust, by a jar of jam and a talking fried egg known as "Eggsy Bit". This stemmed from the fact that teachers during the 16th to 18th centuries were poorly paid, so parents would compensate the teacher by providing food. Spoofing PMR, Robot Chicken's version was Pimp My Sister, where a pimp and his stable turned a kid's nice, average sister into a whore for the kid to pimp. In the United States, Denmark and Sweden, an apple (polished) is a traditional gift for a teacher.

At midday, a picture spoofing the test card (with the word "fool" written on the blackboard) was shown with an announcement that Chav my Motor would not be shown due to "ongoing police investigations", and would be shown on 1st April next year. Apples are said to increase a woman's chances of conception as well as remove birthmarks when rubbed on the skin. This is because it turned out to be an April Fools joke. In some places, bobbing for apples is a traditional Halloween activity. Chav My Motor was a spoof of PMR, and although there was advertising for the show, it was never shown. Danish folklore says that apples wither around adulterers. A PMR spoof appeared on VH1 in the UK, called Chav My Motor. Irish folklore claims that if an apple is peeled into one continuous ribbon and thrown behind a woman's shoulder, it will land in the shape of the future husband's initials.

This short skit shows Xzibit entering a church and excited to see the bride who is getting pimped - after which, Xzibit tells the groom to come to the alley with him and reveals the bride, who, as expected, is done up like a prostitute and has a television installed on her back. Swiss folklore holds that William Tell courageously shot an apple from his son's head with his crossbow, defying a tyrannical ruler and bringing freedom to his people. A PMR spoof appeared in Jimmy Kimmel Live, called Pimp My Bride featuring Xzibit himself and written by Kimmel's team. Apple Computer and Apple records have also adopted the apple for their companies. An AirFerg sketch featured Ferg pimp a boy's mother to become a full-fledged whore with an automatic coochie among other things. Its logo represents an apple in the constructivist style. The spoof ultimately ended with the car being vandalized and left on blocks in a parking lot when the owner went into a store. The name of the Russian party Yabloko means "apple".

The car, "dumped" by "Messed-up Customs", was (apparently) a 1977 AMC Gremlin, which was outfitted with multiple television sets, a miniature race-car track, a deep fryer, and a koi pond. The apple blossom is the state flower of Arkansas and Michigan. A PMR spoof appeared in MAD #456, called Dump My Ride. The ancient Kazakh city of Almaty, 'Father of Apples' (Turkic language alma, apple, + ata, father), owes its name to the forests of wild apples (Malus sieversii) found naturally in the area. Season 1. Later, the princess is jostled into coughing up the piece, miraculously returning to life. Special. In the European fairy tale Snow White, the titular princess is killed by choking on an apple given to her by her stepmother.

Season 4. According to a popular legend, Isaac Newton, upon witnessing an apple fall from its tree, was inspired to conclude that a similar 'universal gravitation' attracted the moon toward the Earth as well (this legend is discussed in more detail in the article on Isaac Newton). Season 3. It is often an attribute associated with Venus who is shown holding it. Season 2. Thus, secular art as well made use of the apple as symbol of love and sexuality. Season 1. At times artists would co-opt the apple, as well as other religious symbology, whether for ironic effect or as a stock element of symbolic vocabulary.

Hosted by the Italian hip hop group Gemelli DiVersi, Pimp My Wheels turns old rusty motorscooters or motorcycles into brand-new shiny vehicles. Another instance in Roman and Greek mythology is the story of the Pleiades. MTV Italy also features a different version of Pimp My Ride, called Pimp My Wheels. In ancient Greece, throwing an apple at a person's bed was an invitation for sexual intercourse. Both shows are located in Hamburg.
The original US Pimp My Ride is shown in English language with German subtitles. Atalanta, also of Greek mythology, was distracted during a race by three golden apples thrown for that purpose by a suitor, Hippomenes. Pimp My Whatever is hosted by MTV's presenter Patrice Bouédibéla. Another Greek mythological figure, Paris, had to give a golden apple inscribed Kallisti "To the most beautiful one", (which had come from the goddess of discord, Eris) to the most beautiful goddess, thus indirectly causing the Trojan War.

In Pimp My Whatever [2] ElbCoast Psycles return once more to pimp anything from a bathroom and a doghouse to a Birthday Party or even someone's brother. In the Old Testament the apple was significant of the fall of man; in the New Testament it is an emblem of the redemption from that fall, and as such is also represented in pictures of the Madonna and Infant Jesus. It is hosted by German actor Oliver Korittke. This also reflects the evolution of the symbol in religion. While the show could be seen as a parody of the American original, it is also a loving tribute, using all the elements of the American show with a bicycle twist. When held in Adam's hand, the apple symbolises sin. On Pimp My Fahrrad [1], the bike shop Elbcoast Psycles redoes almost the entire bicycle, usually leaving only the frame intact. When Christ is portrayed holding an apple, he represents the Second Adam who brings life.

The German-language MTV Central Europe has two adaptions of the show called Pimp My Fahrrad (English: "Pimp My Bicycle") and Pimp My Whatever. It is often used to symbolise the fall into sin, or sin itself. Carisma Automotive are the customisers for the UK version. Another reason for the adoption of the apple as Christian symbol is that in Latin, the words for "apple" and for "evil" are identical (malum). A UK version of the show launched on 26 June 2005, presented by the DJ Tim Westwood. Celtic mythology includes a story about Conle who receives an apple which feeds him for a year but also makes him irresistibly desire fairyland. Pimp My Ride is one of MTV's most popular shows in nearly all of its worldwide subsidiaries (numbering nearly 100), the only exception being the U.S., where it is second place to The Real World (which is generally much less known outside of the United States). The larynx in the human throat has been called Adam's apple because of a notion that it was caused by the forbidden fruit sticking in the throat of Adam.

. This tradition was reflected in artistic renderings of the fall from Eden. The series should begin early 2006. The influence of the antiquity was still strong, and the pagan symbology was absorbed into the new religion. Discovery Channel will be showing a new series (unamed) that features WCC's car built in the garage more than, as Ryan Haus says "over-the-top cars". Though the forbidden fruit in that account is not identified, popular European Christian tradition has held that it was an apple that Eve incited Adam to share with her. The producers of the show will continue new episodes with another garage to be announced in early 2006. This tradition is also reflected in the book of Genesis.

Ryan, the WCC manager has moved his shop to Corona, CA and is worried about his ability to both do the show and have another shop. The 'fruit-bearing tree' referred to by Tacitus in his description of Norse runic divination may have been the apple, or the rowan. MTV has announced that Pimp My Ride will no longer be with WCC. In Norse mythology, Iðunn was the keeper of the 'apples of immortality' which kept the Gods young. In December 2004 the shop was fined $16,000 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (along with fellow shop Unique Autosports) for removing airbags from cars and replacing them with DVD monitors, although this modification was not done on the TV show. One of the Greek hero Heracles' Twelve Labours was to travel to the Garden of the Hesperides and pick the golden apples off the Tree of Life growing at its center. WCC has faced problems with some of their modifications. Apples appear in many religious traditions, often as a mystical and forbidden fruit.

Ryan Haus, the owner of WCC, has been featured in season 3 as the "lead" for discussions on what customizing will be done on the incoming cars. A derivative of apple curd, apple milk is widely used throughout Tibet. Louis, Missouri. Apples are historically known for producing "apple milk". He cited a desire to expand the company's business with a customs shop in St. The predominant phenolic phytochemicals in apples are quercetin, epicatechin, and procyanidin B2 (PMID 14558772). After the second season however, WCC manager "Q" announced that he would not be willing to take a role in the show anymore. Lee said that all apples are high in the critical phytonutrients and that the amount of phenolic compounds in the apple flesh and in the skin vary from year to year, season to season and from growing region to growing region (November/December 2004 issue of the Journal of Food Science).

Both he and WCC have experienced boosts in business due to the show: Xzibit has gained wider attention for his music career (as well as hosting and movie gigs), and WCC had to expand their facilities, due to the international exposure Pimp My Ride gave their work. The researchers used red delicious apples grown in New York state to provide the extracts to study the effects of phytochemicals. Xzibit, the show's host, has found a new audience of fans, who appreciate his sense of humor and obvious love of his job. "Cy" Lee of Cornell University found that the apple phenolics, which are naturally occurring antioxidants found in fresh apples, can protect nerve cells from neurotoxicity induced by oxidative stress. The WCC employees are an eclectic mix of outgoing personalities, such as:. Chang Y. Much of the appeal of the show comes from the personalities involved. A group of chemicals in apples could protect the brain from the type of damage that triggers such neurodegenerative diseases as Alzheimer's and Parkinsonism.

In both instances, the "Pimpees" were given brand new cars, with extensive WCC modifications to customize the new car for the owner. They may also help with heart disease, weight loss and controlling cholesterol. In the second instance (Episode 8 of Year 2) the "Pimpee" was studying to be an auto mechanic, and WCC decided to let him "pimp" his car as a study project. Research suggests that apples may reduce the risk of colon cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer. In the first instance (the last episode of Year 1), the car-to-be-pimped was actually two Ford Escorts welded together, and was considered unsafe. Apples have long been considered healthy, as indicated by the proverb an apple a day keeps the doctor away. On only two occasions did WCC not "pimp" the automobile. Apples are eaten with honey at the Jewish New Year of Rosh Hashanah to symbolise a sweet new year.

However, WCC is well-known for putting their own whimsical touches in their work, such as the aforementioned dryer, or an electric fireplace in the trunk of another vehicle. Similar treats in the US are candy apples (coated in a hard shell of crystallised sugar syrup), and caramel apples, coated with cooled caramel. Customization and extra gifts usually total around US$20,000 (though the show usually doesn't put much emphasis on costs). In the UK, a toffee apple is a traditional confection made by coating an apple in hot toffee and allowing it to cool. Work usually includes new paint, accessories, chrome, tires and rims, and internal electronics (even, and especially, DVD players, video games, TFT screens of excessive size and other top notch gadgets). They are also used cooked in meat dishes. For example, a Need for Speed: Underground 2 fan had his car painted to look like one in the game, while a bowler had a ball washer installed in his trunk, and a surfer got a full-size dryer (or at least one that fit) in the back of his Volkswagen van. Apples are also made into apple butter and apple jelly.

Each car is a custom "pimp", tailored to the personalities and interests of the owners. Puréed apples are generally known as apple sauce. The show features rapper Xzibit, who takes the cars to the custom body shop of West Coast Customs (WCC), where the WCC team generally replaces most of the components and rebuilds the interior and exterior from scratch. They are often eaten baked or stewed, and they can also be dried and eaten or re-consitituted (soaked in water, alcohol or some other liquid) for later use. The show picks young car owners (requirements limit participants to their early 20's) living in the Los Angeles/Southern California area. Apples are an important ingredient in many winter desserts, for example apple pie, apple crumble, apple crisp and apple cake. The concept is simple — one takes a car that is old, thought to be unfashionable, falling apart, or some combination thereof, and "pimps" it (i.e., the car is restored and customized). They make a popular lunchbox fruit as well.

Pimp My Ride is a TV show originally shown on MTV, with the first episode airing on March 4, 2004. Apple wine can also be made. Hackney Carriage (1986). Distilled apple cider produces the spirits applejack and Calvados. Ford Capri (1986). Apples can be canned, juiced, and optionally fermented to produce apple juice, cider, vinegar, and pectin. Fiat Panda (1987). Imported apples from New Zealand and other more temperate areas are competing with US production and increasing each year.

Ford Granada (1983). In the United States, more than 60% of all the apples sold commercially are grown in Washington state. Volkswagen Golf (1989). France, Italy, South Africa and Chile are among the leading apple exporters. Morris Minor (1961). Turkey is also a leading producer. This car was "pimped" for The Tonight Show announcer John Melendez. The United States is the third leading producer, accounting for 7.5% of world production.

Jeep Wrangler

    . Argentina is the second leading producer, with more than 15% of the world production. Chevrolet Panel Truck (1957). China produced almost half of this total. Buick Century (1986). 45 million metric tons of apples were grown worldwide in 2002, with a value of about 10 billion USD. Ford Taurus (1989). Cultivars vary in their yield and the ultimate size of the tree, even when grown on the same rootstock.

    Chevrolet Chevelle convertible (1968). Dwarf trees will bear about 50-100 kg (3-5 bushels) of fruit per year. Dodge Caravan (1988). A few cultivars, left unpruned, will grow to be extremely large, causing them to bear a great deal of fruit that is difficult to harvest. Chevrolet C10 (1986). Apples are harvested using three-point ladders that are designed to fit amongst the branches. Toyota Corolla (2003). Mature trees typically bear 100-200 kg (5-10 bushels) of apples each year.

    AMC Pacer (1976). The latest tool in the organic repertoire is to spray a light coating of kaolin clay, which forms a physical barrier to some pests, and also helps prevent apple sun scald. Mitsubishi Eclipse (1998). Apples are difficult to grow organically, though a few orchards have done so with commercial success, using disease-resistant cultivars and the very best cultural controls. Toyota Van LE (1986). For other Lepidoptera larvae which feed on apple trees, see List of Lepidoptera which feed on Malus. Chevrolet Bel Air (1955). Others include Apple maggot and codling moth.

    Honda Civic (1988). The plum curculio is the most serious insect pest. This was a former Police car. Among the most serious disease problems are fireblight, a bacterial disease; and Gymnosporangium rust, apple scab, and black spot, three fungal diseases. Chevrolet Caprice (1996)

      . White clover is a component of many grass seed mixes, and many bees are poisoned by insecticides while visiting the flowers on the orchard floor. Chevrolet Cavalier Convertible (1991). Nor should bee-attractive plants be allowed to establish in the orchard floor if insecticides are used.

      Chevrolet S10. Spraying for insect pests must never be done during flowering because it kills pollinators. Ford Econoline (1985). A trend in orchard management is the use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), which reduces needless spraying when pests are not present, or more likely, are being controlled by natural predators. The 19-year old owner was hoping to become a mechanic, so WCC and Xzibit decided to let him restore his car himself and procured a 2005 Toyota 4Runner to "pimp". Nearly all commercial orchards pursue an aggressive program of chemical sprays to maintain high fruit quality, tree health, and high yields. Ford Fairlane (1963)

        . The trees are susceptible to a number of fungal and bacterial diseases and insect pests.

        Of note is that the game uses a fastback, while the pimped car was a coupe. Good thinning helps even out the cycle, so that a reasonable crop can be grown every year. Produced as a replica tie-in with the video game Need for Speed: Underground 2. If the fruit is not thinned when the tree carries a large crop, it may produce very little flower the following year. Nissan 240SX (1989)

          . Apples are prone to biennial bearing. Acura Legend (1988). Apples (or any fruit) planted on a south facing slope in the northern hemisphere (or north facing in the southern hemisphere), will flower early and be particularly vulnerable to spring frost.

          Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (1987). Home growers may not have a body of water to help, but can utilise north slopes or other geographical features to retard spring flowering. Chevrolet Suburban (1985). Areas of the USA, such as the eastern shore of Lake Michigan, the southern shore of Lake Ontario, and around some smaller lakes, where this cooling effect of water, combined with good, well-drained soils, has made apple growing concentrations possible in these areas. Volkswagen Bus (1958). Growing apples near a body of water gives an advantage by slowing spring warm up, which retards flowering until frost is less likely. Turned into a knock-off replica of a BMW M3. If the pistil has turned black, the flower is ruined and will not produce fruit.

          Ford Escort (1991)

            . Frost damage can be evaluated 24 hours after the frost. The wheels on it were 24 carat gold, which were worth more than the car itself. If the frost is not too severe, the tree can be wetted with water spray before the morning sun hits the flowers, and it may save them. Cadillac Eldorado (1984)
              . It is best to plant apples on a slope for air drainage, but not on a south facing slope (in the northern hemisphere) as this will encourage early flowering and increase susceptibility to frost. This was two Escorts welded together, and was deemed unsafe for the road, so WCC and Xzibit procured a 2004 Scion xB and "pimped" that instead. A common problem is a late frost that destroys the delicate outer structures of the flower.

              Ford Escort (1989)

                . It generally requires multiple bee visits to deliver sufficient grains of pollen to accomplish complete pollination. Toyota Land Cruiser (1972). Inadequate pollination can result from either a lack of pollinators or pollenizers, or from poor pollinating weather at flowering time. Honda CRX (1987). Apples having less than 3 seeds will usually not mature and will drop from the trees in the early summer. Volkswagen Baja Bug (1969). Well pollinated apples are the best quality, and will have 7 to 10 seeds.

                The Nissan was referred to as the 'identity crisis' because of the Datsun and Nissan badges. Symptoms of inadequate pollination are small and misshapen apples, slowness to ripen, and low seed count. Nissan Maxima Station Wagon (1984)

                  . Bumble bee queens are sometimes present in orchards, but not usually in enough quantity to be significant pollinators. Mustang Convertible (1989). Some wild bees such as carpenter bees and other solitary bees may help. Chevrolet LUV Truck (1974). Home growers may find these more acceptable in suburban locations because they do not sting.

                  This pimped-out vehicle had a coffee maker installed in a center console and a chandelier in place of the dome light. Orchard mason bees are also used as supplemental pollinators in commercial orchards. When the Trans Am was being pimped, some of the WCC crew made references to Smokey and the Bandit. Honeybee hives are most commonly used, and arrangements may be made with a commercial beekeeper who supplies hives for a fee. Pontiac Trans Am (1981)

                    . During the flowering each season, apple growers usually provide pollinators to carry the pollen. Ford Ranger (1985). Home growers with a single tree, and no other cultivars in the neighbourhood can do the same on a smaller scale.

                    Ford Mustang (1967). Growers with old orchard blocks of single cultivars sometimes provide bouquets of crab apple blossoms in drums or pails in the orchard for pollenizers. Mitsubishi Mirage (1989). Quality nurseries have pollenizer compatibility lists. Honda Civic (1992). Some cultivars produce very little pollen, or the pollen is sterile, so these are not good pollenizers. Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1986). Orchard blocks may alternate rows of compatible cultivars, or may have periodic crab apple trees, or grafted-on limbs of crab apple.

                    Cadillac Sedan de Ville (1978). Before planting, it is important to arrange for pollenizers, cultivars of apple or crab apple that provide plentiful, viable and compatible pollen. Daihatsu Hi-Jet (1988). Pollination management is an important component of apple culture. the heavily pierced tire-specialist Alex. Apples are self-incompatible and must be cross-pollinated to develop fruit. tough-looking interior and fabric maven Ish, and. Apples do require good drainage, and heavy soils or flat land should be tilled to make certain that the root systems are never in saturated soil.

                    electronics (and outrageous engineering) expert Mad Mike,. They do require some protection from the wind and should not be planted in low areas that are prone to late spring frosts. the appropriately named Big Dane,. Apples are relatively indifferent to soil conditions and will grow in a wide range of pH values and fertility levels. Good training of limbs and careful nipping of buds growing in the wrong places, are extremely important during this time, to build a good scaffold that will later support a fruit load. After the small tree is planted in the orchard, it must grow for 3-5 years (semi-dwarf) or 4-10 years (standard trees) before it will bear sizable amounts of fruit.

                    Some trees are produced with a dwarfing "interstem" between a standard rootstock and the tree, resulting in two grafts. Full dwarf trees are often supported of posts or trellises and planted in high density orchards which are much simpler to culture and greatly increase productivity per unit of land. Dwarf rootstocks are generally more susceptible to damage from wind and cold. While many rootstocks are available to commercial grower, those sold to homeowners who want just a few trees are usually one of two cultivars: a standard seedling rootstock that gives a full-size tree, or a semi-dwarf rootstock that produces a somewhat smaller tree.

                    Rootstocks affect the ultimate size of the tree. In time, the two sections grow together and produce a healthy tree. The upper stem and branches of the rootstock are cut away and replaced with the scion. Then, a small section of branch called a scion is obtained from a mature apple tree of the desired cultivar.

                    This is allowed to grow for a year. First, a rootstock is produced either as a seedling or cloned using tissue culture or layering. These small trees are usually purchased from a nursery where they are produced by grafting or budding. Apple orchards are established by planting two to four year old trees.

                    The sweetness and texture of Honeycrisp have been so popular with consumers that Minnesota orchards have been cutting down their established, productive trees to make room for it, a heretofore unheard of practice. Its most important introductions have included Haralson (which is the most widely cultivated apple in Minnesota), Wealthy, Honeygold, and Honeycrisp. For example, the Excelsior Experiment Station of the University of Minnesota has, since the 1930s, introduced a steady progression of important hardy apples that are widely grown, both commercially and by backyard orchardists, throughout Minnesota and Wisconsin. Some breeders have crossed ordinary apples with crabapples or unusually hardy apples in order to produce hardier cultivars.

                    Some differ sufficiently from the parent tree to be considered new cultivars. Some bud sports turn out to be improved strains of the parent cultivar. Apples can also form bud sports (mutations on a single branch). The words "seedling", "pippin", and "kernel" in the name of an apple cultivar suggest that it originated as a seedling.

                    Most new apple cultivars originate as seedlings, which either arise by chance or are bred by deliberately crossing cultivars with promising characteristics. Seedling apples are different from their parents, sometimes radically. Like most perennial fruits, apples are ordinarily propagated asexually by grafting. In recent years, many apple connoisseurs have come to regard the Red Delicious as inferior to cultivars such as Fuji and Gala due to its merely mild flavour and insufficiently firm texture.

                    state of Washington made its reputation for apple growing on Red Delicious. As an example, the U.S. Tastes in apples vary from one person to another and have changed over time. Extremely sweet apples with barely any acid flavour are popular in Asia and especially India.

                    Most North Americans and Europeans favour sweet, subacid apples, but tart apples have a strong minority following. Modern apples are, as a rule, sweeter than older cultivars. Cider apples are typically too tart and astringent to eat fresh, but they give the beverage a rich flavour that dessert apples cannot. Although most cultivars are bred for eating fresh (dessert apples), some are cultivated specifically for cooking (cooking apples) or producing cider.

                    Many unusual and locally important cultivars with their own unique taste and appearance are out there to discover; apple conservation campaigns have sprung up around the world to preserve such local cultivars from extinction. A few old cultivars are still produced on a large scale, but many have been kept alive by home gardeners and farmers that sell directly to local markets. Many of them have excellent flavour (often better than most modern cultivars), but may have other problems which make them commercially unviable, such as low yield, liability to disease, or poor tolerance for storage or transport. Old cultivars are often oddly shaped, russeted, and have a variety of textures and colours.

                    Other desired qualities in modern commercial apple breeding are a colourful skin, absence of russeting, ease of shipping, lengthy storage ability, high yields, disease resistance, typical 'Red Delicious' apple shape, long stem (to allow pesticides to penetrate the top of the fruit), and popular flavour. Commercially-popular apple cultivars are soft but crisp. Apples do not flower in tropical climates because they have a chilling requirement. Different cultivars are available for temperate and subtropical climates.

                    There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples. The legendary placename Avalon is thought to come from a Celtic evolution of the same root as the English "apple", as is the name of the town of Avellino, near Naples in Italy. The scientific name malus, on the other hand, comes from the Latin word for apple, and ultimately from the Greek mēlon. The prevailing theory is that "apple" may be one of the most ancient Indo-European words (*abl-) to come down to English in a recognisable form.

                    The word apple comes from the Old English word aeppel, which in turn has recognisable cognates in a number of the northern branches of the Indo-European language family. Winter apples, picked in late autumn and stored just above freezing, have been an important food in Asia and Europe for millennia, as well as in Argentina and in the United States since the arrival of Europeans. To a greater degree than other tree fruit, except possibly citrus, apples store for months while still retaining much of their nutritive value. The apple tree was probably the earliest tree to be cultivated, and apples have remained an important food in all cooler climates.

                    domestica, mainly for increased cold tolerance. These and other Malus species have been used in some recent breeding programmes to develop apples suitable for growing in climates unsuitable for M. Other species that were previously thought to have made contributions to the genome of the domestic apples are Malus baccata and Malus sylvestris, but there is no hard evidence for this in older apple cultivars. sieversii, recently planted by the US government at a research facility, resist many diseases and pests that affect domestic apples, and are the subject of continuing research to develop new disease-resistant apples.

                    Some individual M. This tree is still found wild in the mountains of Central Asia in southern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Xinjiang, China. It has no common name in English, but is known where it is native as "alma"; in fact, the city where it is thought to originate is called Alma-Ata, or "father of the apples". The wild ancestor of Malus domestica is Malus sieversii.


                    . . The fruit matures in Autumn, and is typically 5-8 cm diameter (rarely up to 15 cm). The flowers are produced in spring with the leaves, white, usually tinged pink at first, 2.5-3.5 cm diameter, with five petals.

                    The leaves are alternately arranged, simple oval with an acute tip and serrated margin, slightly downy below, 5-12 cm long and 3-6 cm broad on a 2-5 cm petiole. It is a small deciduous tree reaching 5-12 m tall, with a broad, often densely twiggy crown. The apple is a tree and its pomaceous fruit, of species Malus domestica in the rose family Rosaceae, is one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits.

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