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Pimp My Ride

Pimp My Ride logo

Pimp My Ride is a TV show originally shown on MTV, with the first episode airing on March 4, 2004. The concept is simple — one takes a car that is old, thought to be unfashionable, falling apart, or some combination thereof, and "pimps" it (i.e., the car is restored and customized). The show picks young car owners (requirements limit participants to their early 20's) living in the Los Angeles/Southern California area.

The show features rapper Xzibit, who takes the cars to the custom body shop of West Coast Customs (WCC), where the WCC team generally replaces most of the components and rebuilds the interior and exterior from scratch.

Each car is a custom "pimp", tailored to the personalities and interests of the owners. For example, a Need for Speed: Underground 2 fan had his car painted to look like one in the game, while a bowler had a ball washer installed in his trunk, and a surfer got a full-size dryer (or at least one that fit) in the back of his Volkswagen van. Work usually includes new paint, accessories, chrome, tires and rims, and internal electronics (even, and especially, DVD players, video games, TFT screens of excessive size and other top notch gadgets). Customization and extra gifts usually total around US$20,000 (though the show usually doesn't put much emphasis on costs). However, WCC is well-known for putting their own whimsical touches in their work, such as the aforementioned dryer, or an electric fireplace in the trunk of another vehicle.

On only two occasions did WCC not "pimp" the automobile. In the first instance (the last episode of Year 1), the car-to-be-pimped was actually two Ford Escorts welded together, and was considered unsafe. In the second instance (Episode 8 of Year 2) the "Pimpee" was studying to be an auto mechanic, and WCC decided to let him "pimp" his car as a study project. In both instances, the "Pimpees" were given brand new cars, with extensive WCC modifications to customize the new car for the owner.

Much of the appeal of the show comes from the personalities involved. The WCC employees are an eclectic mix of outgoing personalities, such as:

  • the appropriately named Big Dane,
  • electronics (and outrageous engineering) expert Mad Mike,
  • tough-looking interior and fabric maven Ish, and
  • the heavily pierced tire-specialist Alex.

Xzibit, the show's host, has found a new audience of fans, who appreciate his sense of humor and obvious love of his job. Both he and WCC have experienced boosts in business due to the show: Xzibit has gained wider attention for his music career (as well as hosting and movie gigs), and WCC had to expand their facilities, due to the international exposure Pimp My Ride gave their work. After the second season however, WCC manager "Q" announced that he would not be willing to take a role in the show anymore. He cited a desire to expand the company's business with a customs shop in St. Louis, Missouri. Ryan Haus, the owner of WCC, has been featured in season 3 as the "lead" for discussions on what customizing will be done on the incoming cars.

WCC has faced problems with some of their modifications. In December 2004 the shop was fined $16,000 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (along with fellow shop Unique Autosports) for removing airbags from cars and replacing them with DVD monitors, although this modification was not done on the TV show.

MTV has announced that Pimp My Ride will no longer be with WCC. Ryan, the WCC manager has moved his shop to Corona, CA and is worried about his ability to both do the show and have another shop. The producers of the show will continue new episodes with another garage to be announced in early 2006. Discovery Channel will be showing a new series (unamed) that features WCC's car built in the garage more than, as Ryan Haus says "over-the-top cars". The series should begin early 2006.

Pimp My Ride worldwide

Pimp My Ride is one of MTV's most popular shows in nearly all of its worldwide subsidiaries (numbering nearly 100), the only exception being the U.S., where it is second place to The Real World (which is generally much less known outside of the United States).

A UK version of the show launched on 26 June 2005, presented by the DJ Tim Westwood. Carisma Automotive are the customisers for the UK version.

The German-language MTV Central Europe has two adaptions of the show called Pimp My Fahrrad (English: "Pimp My Bicycle") and Pimp My Whatever. On Pimp My Fahrrad [1], the bike shop Elbcoast Psycles redoes almost the entire bicycle, usually leaving only the frame intact. While the show could be seen as a parody of the American original, it is also a loving tribute, using all the elements of the American show with a bicycle twist. It is hosted by German actor Oliver Korittke. In Pimp My Whatever [2] ElbCoast Psycles return once more to pimp anything from a bathroom and a doghouse to a Birthday Party or even someone's brother. Pimp My Whatever is hosted by MTV's presenter Patrice Bouédibéla. Both shows are located in Hamburg.
The original US Pimp My Ride is shown in English language with German subtitles.

MTV Italy also features a different version of Pimp My Ride, called Pimp My Wheels. Hosted by the Italian hip hop group Gemelli DiVersi, Pimp My Wheels turns old rusty motorscooters or motorcycles into brand-new shiny vehicles.

Cars featured on the show

U.S. Version

Season 1

  1. Daihatsu Hi-Jet (1988)
  2. Cadillac Sedan de Ville (1978)
  3. Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1986)
  4. Honda Civic (1992)
  5. Mitsubishi Mirage (1989)
  6. Ford Mustang (1967)
  7. Ford Ranger (1985)
  8. Pontiac Trans Am (1981)
    • When the Trans Am was being pimped, some of the WCC crew made references to Smokey and the Bandit. This pimped-out vehicle had a coffee maker installed in a center console and a chandelier in place of the dome light.
  9. Chevrolet LUV Truck (1974)
  10. Mustang Convertible (1989)
  11. Nissan Maxima Station Wagon (1984)
    • The Nissan was referred to as the 'identity crisis' because of the Datsun and Nissan badges.
  12. Volkswagen Baja Bug (1969)
  13. Honda CRX (1987)
  14. Toyota Land Cruiser (1972)
  15. Ford Escort (1989)
    • This was two Escorts welded together, and was deemed unsafe for the road, so WCC and Xzibit procured a 2004 Scion xB and "pimped" that instead.

Season 2

  1. Cadillac Eldorado (1984)
    • The wheels on it were 24 carat gold, which were worth more than the car itself
  2. Ford Escort (1991)
    • Turned into a knock-off replica of a BMW M3
  3. Volkswagen Bus (1958)
  4. Chevrolet Suburban (1985)
  5. Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (1987)
  6. Acura Legend (1988)
  7. Nissan 240SX (1989)
    • Produced as a replica tie-in with the video game Need for Speed: Underground 2. Of note is that the game uses a fastback, while the pimped car was a coupe.
  8. Ford Fairlane (1963)
    • The 19-year old owner was hoping to become a mechanic, so WCC and Xzibit decided to let him restore his car himself and procured a 2005 Toyota 4Runner to "pimp".

Season 3

  1. Ford Econoline (1985)
  2. Chevrolet S10
  3. Chevrolet Cavalier Convertible (1991)
  4. Chevrolet Caprice (1996)
    • This was a former Police car.
  5. Honda Civic (1988)
  6. Chevrolet Bel Air (1955)
  7. Toyota Van LE (1986)
  8. Mitsubishi Eclipse (1998)

Season 4

  1. AMC Pacer (1976)
  2. Toyota Corolla (2003)
  3. Chevrolet C10 (1986)
  4. Dodge Caravan (1988)
  5. Chevrolet Chevelle convertible (1968)
  6. Ford Taurus (1989)
  7. Buick Century (1986)
  8. Chevrolet Panel Truck (1957)

Special

  1. Jeep Wrangler
    • This car was "pimped" for The Tonight Show announcer John Melendez.

UK Version

Season 1

  1. Morris Minor (1961)
  2. Volkswagen Golf (1989)
  3. Ford Granada (1983)
  4. Fiat Panda (1987)
  5. Ford Capri (1986)
  6. Hackney Carriage (1986)

Spoofs

MAD Magazine

A PMR spoof appeared in MAD #456, called Dump My Ride. The car, "dumped" by "Messed-up Customs", was (apparently) a 1977 AMC Gremlin, which was outfitted with multiple television sets, a miniature race-car track, a deep fryer, and a koi pond. The spoof ultimately ended with the car being vandalized and left on blocks in a parking lot when the owner went into a store.

AirFerg

An AirFerg sketch featured Ferg pimp a boy's mother to become a full-fledged whore with an automatic coochie among other things.

Jimmy Kimmel Live

A PMR spoof appeared in Jimmy Kimmel Live, called Pimp My Bride featuring Xzibit himself and written by Kimmel's team. This short skit shows Xzibit entering a church and excited to see the bride who is getting pimped - after which, Xzibit tells the groom to come to the alley with him and reveals the bride, who, as expected, is done up like a prostitute and has a television installed on her back.

Chav My Motor

A PMR spoof appeared on VH1 in the UK, called Chav My Motor. Chav My Motor was a spoof of PMR, and although there was advertising for the show, it was never shown. This is because it turned out to be an April Fools joke. At midday, a picture spoofing the test card (with the word "fool" written on the blackboard) was shown with an announcement that Chav my Motor would not be shown due to "ongoing police investigations", and would be shown on 1st April next year.

Robot Chicken

Spoofing PMR, Robot Chicken's version was Pimp My Sister, where a pimp and his stable turned a kid's nice, average sister into a whore for the kid to pimp.

Weebl and Bob

The Weebl and Bob episode "joust2" features the car belonging to the character Bob being "pimped" for a joust, by a jar of jam and a talking fried egg known as "Eggsy Bit".

Wizard

An issue of Wizard featured an article in which superheros and their "supermobiles" (e.g-Batman and the Batmobile, Wonder Woman and her invisible jet, Optimus Prime) were pimped.

Date Movie

The film Date Movie features a part where Julia Jones (Alyson Hannigan), the main character, gets "pimped", complete with gold teeth.


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The film Date Movie features a part where Julia Jones (Alyson Hannigan), the main character, gets "pimped", complete with gold teeth. A Cock scores 5 points when hit and knocked off its perch; a Hen, 3; and a Chick, 1 point. An issue of Wizard featured an article in which superheros and their "supermobiles" (e.g-Batman and the Batmobile, Wonder Woman and her invisible jet, Optimus Prime) were pimped. These birds must be one Cock, four Hens, and a minimum of twenty-four Chicks. The Weebl and Bob episode "joust2" features the car belonging to the character Bob being "pimped" for a joust, by a jar of jam and a talking fried egg known as "Eggsy Bit". Archers stand within 12 feet (3.7 m) of the bottom of a 90 ft (27 m) mast and shoot almost vertically upwards with 'blunts' (arrows with rubber caps on the front instead of a pile), the object being to dislodge any one of a number of wooden 'birds'. Spoofing PMR, Robot Chicken's version was Pimp My Sister, where a pimp and his stable turned a kid's nice, average sister into a whore for the kid to pimp. It is almost unheard of outside of Belgium.

At midday, a picture spoofing the test card (with the word "fool" written on the blackboard) was shown with an announcement that Chav my Motor would not be shown due to "ongoing police investigations", and would be shown on 1st April next year. Popinjay (or Papingo). A form of archery originally derived from shooting birds on church steeples. This is because it turned out to be an April Fools joke. At the end of the round, archers stand or sit by their furthest arrows while judges measure the distances they were shot.There are many classes that one can shoot in, depending on the type of bow and its draw force. Chav My Motor was a spoof of PMR, and although there was advertising for the show, it was never shown. Archers shoot a number of arrows and then search for the one which has been shot the farthest, marking it with an identifiable marker. A PMR spoof appeared on VH1 in the UK, called Chav My Motor. Flight Archery. Flight Archery can only take place where space permits since archers compete by shooting for sheer distance.

This short skit shows Xzibit entering a church and excited to see the bride who is getting pimped - after which, Xzibit tells the groom to come to the alley with him and reveals the bride, who, as expected, is done up like a prostitute and has a television installed on her back. Roving marks are normally shot with English Longbows. A PMR spoof appeared in Jimmy Kimmel Live, called Pimp My Bride featuring Xzibit himself and written by Kimmel's team. Marks would have been artificial markers or natural features such as tussocks of grass or tree stumps. An AirFerg sketch featured Ferg pimp a boy's mother to become a full-fledged whore with an automatic coochie among other things. When England was a less crowded, country roving marks was a popular pastime and military training. The spoof ultimately ended with the car being vandalized and left on blocks in a parking lot when the owner went into a store. The furthest 'Finsbury' mark is 13 score and 5 (265) yards.

The car, "dumped" by "Messed-up Customs", was (apparently) a 1977 AMC Gremlin, which was outfitted with multiple television sets, a miniature race-car track, a deep fryer, and a koi pond. Ranges vary. A PMR spoof appeared in MAD #456, called Dump My Ride. The archer coming closest to the elected mark scores that shot and selects the next mark. Season 1. Archers shoot from a start point at an elected mark attempting to drop arrows as close as possible. Special. Roving Marks A number of marks or flags are set out in an area.

Season 4. All bow types may compete (longbows, recurve, barebow and compound). Season 3. They can be shot in one direction (one way) or both directions (two way). Season 2. Clout tournaments are usually a 'Double Clout' round (36 arrows shot twice). Season 1. A Clout round usually consists of 36 arrows.

Hosted by the Italian hip hop group Gemelli DiVersi, Pimp My Wheels turns old rusty motorscooters or motorcycles into brand-new shiny vehicles. Archers shoot 'ends' of six arrows then, when given the signal to do so, archers proceed to the target area. MTV Italy also features a different version of Pimp My Ride, called Pimp My Wheels. The flag should be as near to the ground as is practicable. Both shows are located in Hamburg.
The original US Pimp My Ride is shown in English language with German subtitles. The flag is 12 inches square and is fixed to a stick. Pimp My Whatever is hosted by MTV's presenter Patrice Bouédibéla. rules in the United Kingdom) Similar to target archery, except that the archer attempts to drop arrows at long range (180 yards for the men and 140 yards for women; there are shorter distances for juniors depending on age) into a group of concentric circular scoring zones on the ground surrounding a marker flag.

In Pimp My Whatever [2] ElbCoast Psycles return once more to pimp anything from a bathroom and a doghouse to a Birthday Party or even someone's brother. Clout Archery (G.N.A.S. It is hosted by German actor Oliver Korittke. 3D archery focuses on shooting at life-size models of game, and is popular with hunters. While the show could be seen as a parody of the American original, it is also a loving tribute, using all the elements of the American show with a bicycle twist. Field Archery involves shooting at targets of varying and unmarked distance, often in rough terrain. On Pimp My Fahrrad [1], the bike shop Elbcoast Psycles redoes almost the entire bicycle, usually leaving only the frame intact. The targets contain 3 instances of the inner 5 rings of the 40cm and 60cm faces arranged in a line or an equilateral triangle.

The German-language MTV Central Europe has two adaptions of the show called Pimp My Fahrrad (English: "Pimp My Bicycle") and Pimp My Whatever. There are also versions of the 40cm and 60cm targets known as the "3 Spot". Carisma Automotive are the customisers for the UK version. 122 cm faces are used in Olympic competition. A UK version of the show launched on 26 June 2005, presented by the DJ Tim Westwood. Common sizes (and example rounds they are used in) are:. Pimp My Ride is one of MTV's most popular shows in nearly all of its worldwide subsidiaries (numbering nearly 100), the only exception being the U.S., where it is second place to The Real World (which is generally much less known outside of the United States). Different rounds and distances use different size target faces.

. In the event of a "pass through" (the arrow passes straight through the target) or "bouncer" (arrow hits the target and bounces out), points may be awarded to an unmarked hole. The series should begin early 2006. After scoring, each hole is marked before arrows are retrieved. Discovery Channel will be showing a new series (unamed) that features WCC's car built in the garage more than, as Ryan Haus says "over-the-top cars". During and before scoring no one is allowed to touch the arrows. The producers of the show will continue new episodes with another garage to be announced in early 2006. This is done to prevent any errors.

Ryan, the WCC manager has moved his shop to Corona, CA and is worried about his ability to both do the show and have another shop. This is to allow for "double scoring", a system where two archers will record and sum all scores on individual sheets. MTV has announced that Pimp My Ride will no longer be with WCC. During competition, there are usually at least two archers per target. In December 2004 the shop was fined $16,000 by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (along with fellow shop Unique Autosports) for removing airbags from cars and replacing them with DVD monitors, although this modification was not done on the TV show. This will then be repeated a certain number of times depending on the tournament type. WCC has faced problems with some of their modifications. When a dozen arrows have been shot, the scorer will add up the miss rates, the number of golds and the total score.

Ryan Haus, the owner of WCC, has been featured in season 3 as the "lead" for discussions on what customizing will be done on the incoming cars. Arrows are shot in 'ends' of three with six arrows being released before each count. Louis, Missouri. The lowest score is for all the white on the target face and the 9 for any gold. He cited a desire to expand the company's business with a customs shop in St. However, in the imperial method of scoring, the coloured bands are counted 1, 3, 5, 7, 9. After the second season however, WCC manager "Q" announced that he would not be willing to take a role in the show anymore. if an archer scores 5, 7, 6, 10, 9, 8, this must be recorded as 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5.).

Both he and WCC have experienced boosts in business due to the show: Xzibit has gained wider attention for his music career (as well as hosting and movie gigs), and WCC had to expand their facilities, due to the international exposure Pimp My Ride gave their work. Values scored by each arrow are recorded on a score sheet and must be written in descending order (e.g. Xzibit, the show's host, has found a new audience of fans, who appreciate his sense of humor and obvious love of his job. Line cutters are awarded the higher score. The WCC employees are an eclectic mix of outgoing personalities, such as:. Archers score each end by summing the scores for their arrows. Much of the appeal of the show comes from the personalities involved. In FITA archery, targets are coloured as follows:.

In both instances, the "Pimpees" were given brand new cars, with extensive WCC modifications to customize the new car for the owner. Outdoors, it serves as a tiebreaker with the archer scoring the most number of X's winning. In the second instance (Episode 8 of Year 2) the "Pimpee" was studying to be an auto mechanic, and WCC decided to let him "pimp" his car as a study project. This becomes the 10 ring at indoor compound competitions. In the first instance (the last episode of Year 1), the car-to-be-pimped was actually two Ford Escorts welded together, and was considered unsafe. In addition, there is an inner 10 ring, sometimes called the X ring. On only two occasions did WCC not "pimp" the automobile. Targets are marked with 10 evenly spaced concentric rings, which have score values from 1 through 10 assigned to them.

However, WCC is well-known for putting their own whimsical touches in their work, such as the aforementioned dryer, or an electric fireplace in the trunk of another vehicle. Since archery involves the use of potentially lethal weapons, much attention is paid to order and safety. Customization and extra gifts usually total around US$20,000 (though the show usually doesn't put much emphasis on costs). Signalling devices such as lights and flags inform the archers when time is up. Work usually includes new paint, accessories, chrome, tires and rims, and internal electronics (even, and especially, DVD players, video games, TFT screens of excessive size and other top notch gadgets). For indoor competition, this is 2 minutes. For example, a Need for Speed: Underground 2 fan had his car painted to look like one in the game, while a bowler had a ball washer installed in his trunk, and a surfer got a full-size dryer (or at least one that fit) in the back of his Volkswagen van. Archers have a set time limit in which to shoot their arrows.

Each car is a custom "pimp", tailored to the personalities and interests of the owners. All competitors must wait for the command to shoot and retrieve. The show features rapper Xzibit, who takes the cars to the custom body shop of West Coast Customs (WCC), where the WCC team generally replaces most of the components and rebuilds the interior and exterior from scratch. Outdoor competition varies, but outdoor rounds generally involve more arrows being shot. The show picks young car owners (requirements limit participants to their early 20's) living in the Los Angeles/Southern California area. There are 20 ends of 3 arrows in a round of indoor competition. The concept is simple — one takes a car that is old, thought to be unfashionable, falling apart, or some combination thereof, and "pimps" it (i.e., the car is restored and customized). After each end, the competitors walk to the target to score and retrieve their arrows.

Pimp My Ride is a TV show originally shown on MTV, with the first episode airing on March 4, 2004. Competition is divided into ends. An archer shoots between 3 and 6 arrows per end, depending on the type of round. Hackney Carriage (1986). Most outdoor competitions consist of several distances. Ford Capri (1986). Outdoor distances range from 30 m to 90 m (for senior archers, juniors can shoot closer distances), with 70 m being used in the Olympic Games. Fiat Panda (1987). Indoor distances are 18 m and 25 m.

Ford Granada (1983). Archery competitions may be held indoors or outdoors. Volkswagen Golf (1989). Olympic rules are derived from FITA rules. Morris Minor (1961). Modern competitive archery is governed by the International Archery Association, abbreviated FITA (Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc). This car was "pimped" for The Tonight Show announcer John Melendez. Indoor distances tend to be dominated by European and American archers.

Jeep Wrangler

    . It should be noted that the Koreans stick primarily to outdoor competition, particularly the 70 m Olympic distance. Chevrolet Panel Truck (1957). As of October 2004, every record in the men's and women's open divisions are held by Korea. Buick Century (1986). The Korean men have not fared so well in Olympic competition but still produce good results. Ford Taurus (1989). At the Sydney 2000 games, the Korean women won bronze, silver and gold in the individual competition and won gold in the team event.

    Chevrolet Chevelle convertible (1968). Recently the Koreans have dominated the event, especially the women's divisions. Dodge Caravan (1988). Archery has been an Olympic sport since 1900, with some interruptions. Chevrolet C10 (1986). While people have no doubt been competing with bows for millennia, the first recorded archery competitions began around 1583 in England. Toyota Corolla (2003). This is the most popular form of archery and is called 'Target Archery'.

    AMC Pacer (1976). Competitive archery involves shooting arrows at a target for accuracy from a set distance or distances. Mitsubishi Eclipse (1998). Hunting points are traditionally broadheads, which are wide and knife-like in design in order to cut into game. Toyota Van LE (1986). Crossbows are generally permitted for disabled hunters, and in 2005 many states allowed able-bodied hunters to use crossbows, a move that has been somewhat controversial among bowhunters. Chevrolet Bel Air (1955). Longbows are often used by those who want to make the hunting experience as traditional as possible, but much more skill is needed to get a clean hit from a longbow than from other bows.

    Honda Civic (1988). Compound bows are usually preferred for hunting, although recurve bows are not uncommon and usually legal. This was a former Police car. Proper shot placement also insures an animal will be killed in the most humane way possible. Chevrolet Caprice (1996)

      . Shot placement is important when hunting an animal and will also increase the chance of a harvest. Chevrolet Cavalier Convertible (1991). An inexperienced shooter may fire a non-fatal shot with a gun or a bow, which could wound the animal and may not kill it.

      Chevrolet S10. However, most deer or large game, gun or bow, can travel as far as 100 yards, even when hit fatally. Ford Econoline (1985). For example, a whitetail deer can drop on impact from a firearm or a bow. The 19-year old owner was hoping to become a mechanic, so WCC and Xzibit decided to let him restore his car himself and procured a 2005 Toyota 4Runner to "pimp". An experienced archery hunter can place a shot that will kill an animal just as quickly as a firearm. Ford Fairlane (1963)

        . Proper practice and practical training will increase the odds that an animal can be taken successfully and humanely.

        Of note is that the game uses a fastback, while the pimped car was a coupe. Bow hunting is much different from hunting with a firearm. Produced as a replica tie-in with the video game Need for Speed: Underground 2. Hunting with a bow requires additional training to firearm training. Nissan 240SX (1989)

          . Using bow to hunt animals requires proper training and practice. Acura Legend (1988). Several other European countries are considering its reintroduction.

          Chevrolet S-10 Blazer (1987). France, Lithuania and Finland have reintroduced bowhunting since 2000. Chevrolet Suburban (1985). Since 2003, Scotland has been considering the reintroduction of bowhunting as a means of controlling its deer population. Volkswagen Bus (1958). Bowhunting, like target archery, was revived in Britain during the Victorian era, but became outlawed when the Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1963 excluded bows and crossbows from its list of permitted hunting weapons. Turned into a knock-off replica of a BMW M3. In certain other areas, including many countries in Europe, bow hunting is considered unnecessarily cruel to animals, and is therefore prohibited.

          Ford Escort (1991)

            . An advantage of bow hunting is the perceived silence of the bow as opposed to the loud noise produced by a gun. The wheels on it were 24 carat gold, which were worth more than the car itself. People also occasionally fish with modified bows, a practice called bowfishing. Cadillac Eldorado (1984)
              . Besides deer, many bow hunters shoot feral pigs, small game, or birds. This was two Escorts welded together, and was deemed unsafe for the road, so WCC and Xzibit procured a 2004 Scion xB and "pimped" that instead. In other localities, special bow hunting seasons are set aside for safety and to prevent interference from rifle hunters.

              Ford Escort (1989)

                . Some localities stipulate that certain types of game, often deer, may only be taken with a bow. Toyota Land Cruiser (1972). While a rifle hunter may take a shot at any distance under 200 yards (180 m), archers must get within 30 yards (27 m). Honda CRX (1987). Many American hunters prefer using a bow because of the added challenge. Volkswagen Baja Bug (1969). Draw weight requirements strongly encourage the use of compound bows.

                The Nissan was referred to as the 'identity crisis' because of the Datsun and Nissan badges. A much more lethal, unbarbed "broadhead" arrow may be required, for example, to minimize chances of wounding (but not immediately killing) the animal. Nissan Maxima Station Wagon (1984)

                  . Regulations address issues of where and which animals may be hunted with a bow, as well as technical specifications for "tackle" such as minimum draw weight, arrow weight and arrowhead design. Mustang Convertible (1989). In North America, bow hunting is regulated much as rifle hunting. Chevrolet LUV Truck (1974). Many people believe that bows are an acceptable if not preferred way to take game, while others, such as animal rights activists, find the practice objectionable.

                  This pimped-out vehicle had a coffee maker installed in a center console and a chandelier in place of the dome light. There is much controversy over hunting with a bow, also known as bowhunting. When the Trans Am was being pimped, some of the WCC crew made references to Smokey and the Bandit. The draw length is determined largely by the archer's arm length and shoulder width. Pontiac Trans Am (1981)

                    . A compound bow must be adjusted so that its draw length is correct for the archer. Ford Ranger (1985). For these reasons, the compound bow is sometimes derogatorily referred to as a "training-wheel bow." In general, good recurve technique usually makes good compound technique.

                    Ford Mustang (1967). With less force required to hold a compound bow at draw, the muscles take longer to fatigue, thus giving a compound archer more time to aim. Mitsubishi Mirage (1989). This attaches to the bowstring at a point and permits the archer to release the string with a pull of a trigger. Honda Civic (1992). The archer usually uses a release aid to hold the string steadily and release it precisely. Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme (1986). Most compound designs use cams on the ends of the limbs to optimise the leverage exerted by the archer and reduce the holding force of the bow at full draw while maintaining the force through the draw.

                    Cadillac Sedan de Ville (1978). A compound bow is designed to reduce the force that an archer must hold, and increase the overall energy stored by the bow. Daihatsu Hi-Jet (1988). An archer should pay attention to the recoil, or follow through of his or her body, as it may indicate problems with his or her form. the heavily pierced tire-specialist Alex. The arrow is typically released by relaxing the fingers of the drawing hand. tough-looking interior and fabric maven Ish, and. Most bows will be equipped with a mechanical device called a clicker which produces a clicking sound when the archer reaches the correct draw length.

                    electronics (and outrageous engineering) expert Mad Mike,. The archer's back muscles are used to pull the arrow to the anchor point. the appropriately named Big Dane,. In proper form, the archer stands erect, forming a T. The bow should always remain vertical. The elbow of this arm should be rotated outward so that the bowstring doesn't scrape the inside of the wrist or catch on a bracer when released.

                    The bow arm is pushed outward toward the target. This point is consistent from shot to shot, and is usually at the corner of the mouth or on the chin. The string hand is drawn towards the face, where it should rest lightly at an anchor point. This is often one fluid motion which tends to vary a bit from archer to archer.

                    The bow is then raised and drawn. The string is usually placed in either the first or second joint of the fingers. When using a sight, the index finger is placed above the arrow and the next two fingers below. The bowstring and arrow are held with three fingers.

                    This vane is often coloured differently and has numerous names such as index fletch and cock-feather.. This is called nocking the arrow. Typical arrows with three vanes should be oriented such that a single vane is pointing away from the bow. The bowstring is then placed into the notch at the back of the arrow. To load, the bow is pointed toward the ground and the shaft of the arrow is placed on an arrow rest attached to the bow.

                    The archer straddles the shooting line with his or her feet shoulder width apart. The bow shoulder is towards the target. To shoot an arrow with a recurve bow, an archer first adjusts stance. Chestguards are to protect the bowstring from the archer but can also protect the archer from the bowstring.

                    Some archers also wear protection on their chests called chestguards (see photo). Generally one wears a bracer (more commonly known as an arm-guard) to protect the inside of the bow arm, and a tab to protect the fingers of the string hand. Right eye dominant people hold the bow with their left hand, have their left side facing the target, sight towards the target with their right eye, and handle the arrow and string with their right hand. This hand is referred to as the bow hand and its arm the bow arm. The opposite hand is called the string hand. Terms such as bow holder or string elbow follow the same convention.

                    The bow is held in the hand opposite the dominant eye. Many other variations exist, some of which are documented below. This section focuses on the accepted technique for modern competition which is used worldwide. See also:.

                    Arjuna's bow, Gandiva, was the Indian equivalent of King Arthur's Excalibur. Archery was widespread in India. Aiming was poor, but with the weight and velocity of the five foot long arrows, combined with massed volleys, this became less important. The basic technique was for archers to lie on their backs, with the bows held to to their feet; they would put the arrow between their feet, and pull back the string with both hands, using their back and legs to bend the bow.

                    Foot-bows were known and sometimes used in warfare; they were preferred to crossbows because they had a faster firing rate and somewhat longer range. Warriors on the battlefield often wore leather gauntlets, chest armor and helmets with flared ridges to protect against the bowstring. Thick, loose clothing protects the bowstring from the arms and chest at release. A headband may be worn to keep the bowstring from hurting one's ear or head.

                    The arrow is held at the first joint of the thumb, and the string rests on a thumbring (Mongol or Manchu) or a slot at the base of a gauntlet's thumb (Japanese tsuri), so it does not hurt the thumb. In some styles the bowstring and fletchings may actually be held behind one's head. The bow and arrow are drawn down into a line with both arms locked on opposite sides of the body, but the elbow of the right arm is permitted to flex. Both arms are extended, the left arm up and toward the target, the right arm back and away from the target.

                    The bow is held clasped to the chest, arrow point slightly up. Bows vary widely. The arrows are less stiff than western arrows with smaller fletchings. Oriental archery increases the archer's rate of shooting, and is also more practical on horseback.

                    In modern times it continues to be practised in some Asian countries but is not used in international competition. Archery was also highly developed in Asia. The term "Second String" (or the phrase 'to have more than one string to your bow') derives from the fact that medieval archers would carry a second string in the event that their "first string" snapped. An illustration of the declining popularity of the bow could be seen in the various edicts promulgated by 16th-century English monarch to make archery a mandatory practice for all men of fighting age, including Henry VIII's famous ban against the practice of all sports other than archery in Sundays.

                    Later development gradually gave firearms advantages over bows in range, accuracy and eventually in reload time. Although bows had a longer range and could shoot much more frequently than the earliest guns, guns could penetrate most armour and required minimal training. The advent of firearms rendered bows obsolete in warfare. The armour piercing power of the crossbow caused fear amongst the well armoured nobility, and it was banned by the Second Council of the Lateran (at least between Christians), although to little avail.

                    Its major drawback was that it took a long time to reload. The crossbow had about the same power and range as a longbow. While it took many years to train a longbowman, someone could become proficient with a crossbow with little training. The crossbow, while dating from classical times, became quite popular during the Middle Ages.

                    The advent of the bodkin point also gave arrows better penetrative power. These two arrows would hit the enemy simultaneously from two different angles, making defense difficult. In combat, they would often shoot two arrows, one on a high trajectory, and one on a low trajectory. Tournaments were sponsored to encourage proficiency.

                    Every boy was given a bow of his own height and was required to train with it. Archers were drawn from the freeholding farmers known as yeomen, and trained rigorously from childhood. By the time of the Hundred Years' War, the English had learned how to employ massed archery (as opposed to dispersed skirmishing) as an instrument of tactical dominance with their English longbows. This disdain was countered by the Vikings, whose widespread use of archery gave them success in their numerous raiding expeditions all over the Western European seaboard (and even well into the Mediterranean) in the 9th and 10th centuries..

                    The bow was seldom used to decide battles and viewed as a "lower class weapon" or a toy by the nobility. This was due to the cheap nature of the bow and arrow as compared to the expense needed to equip a professional man-at-arms with good armour and a sword. Archers were quite often the lowest paid soldiers in an army or conscripted from the peasantry. During the Middle Ages, archery in warfare was not as prevalent and dominant in Western Europe as popular myth dictates.

                    Horse archers would shoot while approaching their target, then turn around in the saddle and shoot again after they passed. The Mongols were extremely adept at archery on horseback, and used it to dominate the Asian steppes, and eastern Europe. In medieval Europe, the value of archery on the battlefield steadily increased. The phrase "A parting shot" comes from 'The Parthian shot' as a rider turned in the saddle to shoot as he rode away from the enemy.

                    Apollo, Odysseus, and other mythological characters are often depicted with a bow. Archers sometimes rode on horseback, combining range with speed. Arrows proved exceptionally destructive against massed formations, and the use of archers often proved decisive. Classical civilizations, notably the Macedonians/Greeks, Parthians, Indians and Chinese, fielded large numbers of archers in their armies.

                    Archery was practiced in antiquity on every continent except Australia, demonstrating that it is both basic and versatile. Bows eventually replaced the atlatl as the predominant means for launching projectiles. The bow probably originated for use in hunting, and was then adopted as a tool of warfare. Archaeologists suspect that archery may have begun up to 15,000 years ago, but the earliest concrete evidence is between 8,000 and 9,000 years old.

                    . One term for an archer is a toxopholite, which derives from ancient Greek. Archery has historically been used in hunting and combat, and has become a precision sport. Archery is the practice of using a bow to shoot arrows.

                    The designated scorer would then call out the archers' names and the archers would (in turn) call out their scores as they pick up their arrows. The rope is 'walked' around the target area and arrows falling within a particular scoring zone are withdrawn and,on completion of the full circle, are laid out on the rope on the corresponding colours. This rope is divided into the scoring zones of the target: Gold (5 points), Red (4 points), Blue (3 points), Black (2 points) and White (1 point). Scoring. A 'rope' with a loop on the end is placed over the flag stick.

                    122 cm (70m and 90m FITA). 80 cm (30m and 50m FITA). 60 cm (25m FITA Indoor). 40 cm (18m FITA Indoor).

                    9 ring & 10 ring - gold. 7 ring & 8 ring - red. 5 ring & 6 ring - blue. 3 ring & 4 ring - black.

                    1 ring & 2 ring - white. Yabusame, Japanese horseback archery. Kyudo, Japanese archery. Goongdo, Korean archery.

                    See also Medieval archers' helmets.

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