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Nikon Corporation

Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies.

The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below).

Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus.

Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays.

In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments.

In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. [1]

Shareholders

Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731.

(As of September 2004)

  • The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. (8.5%)
  • Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%)
  • The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. (3.3%)
  • Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%)
  • Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. (2.7%)
  • State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %)
  • The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%)
  • Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%)
  • The Joyo Bank, Ltd. (1.8%)
  • JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%)

Holdings

The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group

Partial list of Nikon products

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Cameras

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nikon cameras

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. [3]

Film 35 mm SLR cameras without autofocus

  • Nikon FM3A
  • Nikon FM10
  • Nikon FE10
  • Nikon FA
  • Nikon FE
  • Nikon FE2
  • Nikon FG
  • Nikon FG20
  • Nikon FM
  • Nikon FM2
  • Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor)
  • Nikon F2 series
  • Nikon F3 series
  • Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat)
  • Nikkorex series
  • Nikon EL2
  • Nikon EM
  • Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000)

Film 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus

  • Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. as the N50)
  • Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N60)
  • Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N70)
  • Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N4004)
  • Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004s)
  • Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N5005)
  • Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020)
  • Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. as the N6006)
  • Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. as the N8008)
  • Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. as the N8008s)
  • Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. as the N90)
  • Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. as the N90s)
  • Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. as the N55)
  • Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. as the N65)
  • Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. as the N75)
  • Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. as the N80)
  • Nikon F100
  • Nikon F4
  • Nikon F5
  • Nikon F6


Film APS SLR cameras

  • Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]
  • Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]

Rangefinder cameras

Nikon F5 Nikon F6 Nikon D70
  • Nikon I (1948)
  • Nikon M (1949)
  • Nikon S (1951)
  • Nikon S2 (1954)
  • Nikon SP (1957)
  • Nikon S3 (1958)
  • Nikon S4 (1959)
  • Nikon S3M (1960)
  • Nikonos line of underwater cameras

Digital compact cameras

  • Nikon Coolpix series

Digital SLR cameras

  • Nikon D1
  • Nikon D1H
  • Nikon D1X
  • Nikon D100
  • Nikon D200
  • Nikon D50
  • Nikon D70
  • Nikon D70s
  • Nikon D2H
  • Nikon D2X
  • Nikon D2Hs

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon."

Lenses

Lens acronyms

Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). These help consumers know what features the lens has. Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each.

  • AF - Autofocus.
  • AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. First introduced in 1996.
  • AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996.
  • ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. Reduces chromatic aberration. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced.
  • IF - Internal Focus. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing.
  • DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings.
  • VR - Vibration Reduction. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera).
  • D - Distance/Dimension. Indicated after the f-stop number. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject.
  • G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. It has the same characteristics with the D lens.
  • Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor.
  • PC - Perspective Control. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor.
  • IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. [6]
  • DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh.
  • AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S.

AF Prime lenses

  • 14 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye
  • 18 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 20mm f/2.8D AF
  • 24 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 28 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 28 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 35 mm f/2D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 105 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 135 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF
  • 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S
  • 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II

Consumer AF zoom lenses

  • 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
  • 24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF
  • 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S
  • 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF
  • 28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF
  • 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF
  • 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF

Professional AF zoom lenses

  • 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S
  • 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S
  • 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR
  • 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR


DX (Digital APS-C sized sensor cameras only) Lenses

  • 10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX
  • 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX

Micro AF Lenses (also known as Macro)

  • 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro
  • 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro


Currently Produced Manual Focus Lenses

  • 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor

Lenses for other camera models

  • Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras
  • Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras
  • Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras
  • Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera

Flash guns

Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. Models offered include:

  • SB-800,
  • SB-600,
  • SU-800 (slave trigger),
  • SB-R200 (remote flash),
  • R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,
  • R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),
  • SB-80DX,
  • SB-50DX,
  • SB-30,
  • SB-29s,
  • SB-24,
  • SB-22s,
  • SB-23,
  • SB-27,
  • SB-16B, and
  • SB-16A.

External links

  • Official websites:
    • Nikon Corp. website
    • Nikon Corp. USA website
    • Nikon Precision Inc. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website
    • NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French
  • Data:
    • Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves
    • Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile
    • Nikon Historical Society
    • Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com
    • Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History
  • Fansites and forums:
    • Nikonians - see also Nikonian
    • Photosapien Photography Forum
    • Nikon mailing list

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Models offered include:. In addition, the Green Bay Packer Hall of Fame has honored 133 players, coaches and executives. Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. ^At the end of the 2005 NFL season, the Packers All-Time Record (since 1921) is 639-506-36 (including playoffs).
. The team that finished with the best regular-season record was named the league champion..
. 2=The NFL did not hold playoff games until 1932.

Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each. 1=The NFL was originally named the American Professional Football Association (APFA) from 1920-1922.. These help consumers know what features the lens has. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties. Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). Interceptions: Al Harris, 3 Interceptions. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon.". Sacks: Kabeer Gbaja-Biamila, 8.0 Sacks.

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. Tackles: Nick Barnett, 91 Tackles.
. Punt Return Yards: Antonio Chatman, 381 Yards. [3]. Kickoff Return Yards: Ahmad Carroll, 390 Yards. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. Points: Ryan Longwell, 90 points.

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. Receiving Touchdowns: Donald Driver, 5 TD. The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group. Receiving Yards: Donald Driver, 1221 Yards. (As of September 2004). Rushing Touchdowns: Samkon Gado, 6 TD. Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731. Rushing Yards: Samkon Gado, 582 Yards.

. QB Rating: Brett Favre, 70.9. [1]. Passing Touchdowns Brett Favre 20 TD. In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. Passing Yards Brett Favre 3881 Yards. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments. As a result of their dismal season, the Packers ended up with the fifth overall pick in the 2006 NFL Draft, which is to be held April 29-30 in New York City.

In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. This included four straight playoff appearances and three straight NFC North division titles, both of which came to an end in 2005. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. Sherman compiled records of 9-7, 12-4, 12-4, 10-6, 10-6 and 4-12. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. One day after the conclusion of the regular season, Packers General Manager Ted Thompson announced the firing of head coach Mike Sherman, who'd enjoyed six years at the helm of the team. In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. Also hampered by injuries yet remaining in the line-up are linebacker Na'il Diggs and Favre, who has suffered repeated ailments to his throwing hand.

Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays. For example, wide receiver Javon Walker and running backs Ahman Green, Najeh Davenport, and Samkon Gado have all suffered major injuries. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. The team's offensive roster has been devastated by injuries, including notable 2005 starters or backups. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. The Packers' November 27 loss to the Eagles assured the Packers their first losing season since 1991 and Brett Favre's first losing season in his career. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. The Packers finished their season at 4-12, in last place in the NFC North division (one game behind the third-place Detroit Lions).

Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. [3]. Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. Among the suggestions were "Pickers" refering to vegetable farmers, and "Six-Packers" in reference to the famous Wisconsin brewing industry. Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus. Due to the fact that "Packer" refers to "meat-packing," the animal rights organization PETA asked the team in in 2000 to change its name to a more "peaceful" name. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below). This color scheme yields the common Packers nickname, "The Green and Gold".

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. In 1959, new head coach Vince Lombardi changed the colors to the current hunter green and athletic gold/yellow (navy blue was kept as a secondary color, but it was not actually used and quietly was dropped from the team colors list on all official materials shortly thereafter). The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon. In the 1930s, the Packers briefly experimented with green and gold, although they always returned to the traditional navy. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies. Lambeau, a Notre Dame alumnus, chose the team's colors of blue and gold/yellow from his alma mater. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Acme continued its support of Lambeau's team, and in its first season in the NFL the team wore jerseys with the words "ACME PACKERS" emblazoned on the chest.

It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. In 1920, the Indian Packing Company was purchased by the Acme Packing Company. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. These never were official nicknames, although Lambeau did consider replacing "Packers" with "Blues" in the 1920s. Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. In the early days, the Packers also were referred to as the "Bays" and the "Blues" (and even occasionally as "the Big Bay Blues"). Nikon mailing list. The new Green Bay team was referred to as "the Indians" in one of the earliest newspaper articles about the new squad, but by the time they played their first game they had adopted the name "Packers.".

Photosapien Photography Forum. He was given $500 for uniforms and equipment, on the condition that the team be named for its sponsor (this is similar to what would happen the following year with the Decatur Staleys, who would become the Chicago Bears). Nikonians - see also Nikonian. Curly Lambeau, the team's founder, solicited funds for uniforms from his employer, the Indian Packing Company. Fansites and forums:

    . To poke fun at this nickname, they wear foam triangles made to look like cheese on their heads, which further reinforces the "cheesehead" designation. Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History. Packer fans are commonly known as "cheeseheads," a derogatory nickname for people from Wisconsin, as the state is known for its cheese production among a variety of other items.

    Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com. The Packers also draw the largest national TV audiences for the NFL's Monday Night Football telecasts. Nikon Historical Society. For this reason, it is not unusual for fans to designate a recipient of their season tickets in their wills. Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile. The current wait time for season tickets is approximately 35 years. Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves. The Packers have one of the longest waiting lists for season tickets in professional sports.

    Data:

      . The Packers' fan base is notoriously dedicated: No matter how the team performs, Lambeau Field has been sold out every game since 1960. NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French. The Super Bowl trophy was ultimately named the Vince Lombardi Trophy in recognition of his and his team's accomplishment. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website. Green Bay won the first two Super Bowls. Nikon Precision Inc. Coach Vince Lombardi took over a last-place team and built it into a juggernaut, winning five league championships over a seven-year span.

      USA website. The Packers of the 1960s were one of the most dominant NFL teams of all time. Nikon Corp. They are also the only American professional football team to win three straight titles, which they did twice (1929-1931 and 1965-67). website. The Packers have won more league championships (12, including three Super Bowls) than any other American professional football team. Nikon Corp. The balance of the committee is sitting "gratis.".

      Official websites:

        . The president is the only officer who receives compensation. SB-16A. The board of directors in turn elect a seven-member Executive Committee (officers) of the corporation, consisting of a president, vice president, treasurer, secretary and three members-at-large. SB-16B, and. As a means of running the corporation, a board of directors is elected by the stockholders. SB-27,. No shareholder is allowed to own more than 200,000 shares, a safeguard to ensure that no one individual is able to assume control of the club.

        SB-23,. Shares of stock include voting rights, but the redemption price is minimal, no dividends are ever paid, the stock cannot appreciate in value, and there are no season ticket privileges associated with stock ownership. SB-22s,. As of June 8, 2005, 111,921 people (representing 4,749,925 shares) can lay claim to a franchise ownership interest. SB-24,. Priced at $200 per share, fans bought 120,010 shares during the 17-week sale, which ended March 16, 1998. SB-29s,. It added 105,989 new shareholders and raised more than $24 million, money utilized for the Lambeau Field redevelopment project.

        SB-30,. Another stock sale occurred late in 1997 and early in 1998. SB-50DX,. In 1956, area voters approved the construction of a new stadium, which in 1963 became Lambeau Field. SB-80DX,. In 1950, the Packers held a stock sale to again raise money to support the team. R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),. At the November 1997 annual meeting, shareholders voted to change the beneficiary from the Sullivan-Wallen Post to the Green Bay Packers Foundation.

        R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,. Based on the original "Articles of Incorporation for the (then) Green Bay Football Corporation" put into place in 1923, if the Packers franchise was sold, after the payment of all expenses, any remaining monies would go to the Sullivan-Wallen Post of the American Legion in order to build "a proper soldier's memorial." This stipulation was enacted to ensure the club remained in Green Bay and that there could never be any financial enhancement for the shareholders. SB-R200 (remote flash),. The Packers did not move their entire home schedule to Green Bay until 1995. SU-800 (slave trigger),. However, the Packers have long had a large following throughout Wisconsin and the Midwest; in fact, for decades, the Packers played four (one pre-season, three regular-season) home games each year in Milwaukee. SB-600,. By comparison, the typical NFL football city usually is populated in the millions.

        SB-800,. Typically, a team is owned by one person, partnership, or corporate entity; thus, a "team owner." It has been speculated that this is one of the reasons the Green Bay Packers have never been moved from the city of Green Bay, a city of just over 100,000 people. Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera. The Packers are now the only publicly owned company with a board of directors in American professional sports. Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras. The financial backers, known as the "Hungry Five," formed the Green Bay Football Corporation. Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras. The Packers found new backers the next year and regained the franchise.

        Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras. Financial troubles plagued the team and the franchise was lost the same year. 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. The Packers became a professional franchise in 1921. 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro. He was given $500 for uniforms and equipment, on the condition that the team be named for its sponsor. 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro. Lambeau solicited funds for uniforms from his employer, the Indian Packing Company.

        105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. The Green Bay Packers were founded on August 11, 1919 by Curly Lambeau and George Whitney Calhoun. 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. . 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX. [2]. 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX. Currently, a total of 4,749,925 shares are owned by 111,921 stockholders - none of whom receives any dividend.

        18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX. The Packers are currently the only publicly owned major league level professional sports team in the United States (although other teams, such as the Atlanta Braves, the Chicago Cubs, and the New York Rangers are directly owned by publicly traded companies). 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX. The team also holds the distinction of winning the first two AFL-NFL Championship Games that were held before the AFL-NFL Merger, later referred to as Super Bowl I and II. 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX. The team currently holds the record for the most NFL league championships with 12: nine NFL Championships prior to the Super Bowl era, Super Bowl I, Super Bowl II, and Super Bowl XXXI. 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX. Founded in 1919, the Packers joined the NFL in 1921 during the league's second season.

        10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX. Green Bay is by far the smallest media market to be the home of a North American major professional sports league (though their fanbase includes Milwaukee, the rest of Wisconsin, and beyond). 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR. The Packers are the last remaining example of the "small town teams" that comprised a majority of the NFL during the 1920s. 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR. The team is sometimes affectionately referred to as simply 'The Pack'. 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF. They currently belong to the Northern Division of the National Football Conference (NFC) in the National Football League (NFL).

        70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. The Green Bay Packers are a professional American football team based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF. Split games between Milwaukee and Green Bay (1933-1994). 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S. Independent (1919-1920)
        National Football League (1921-present). 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S. Note: Basketball teams from Chicago and Anderson once used the name Packers as well..

        70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF. Brandon Johnson - Strength & conditioning assistant. 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF. Mark Lovat - Strength & conditioning assistant. 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF. Rock Gullickson - Strength & conditioning. 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF. Brad Miller - Special teams assistant.

        28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF. Mike Stock - Special teams coordinator. 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF. Shawn Slocum - Defensive assistant. 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR. Lionel Washington - Defensive nickel package. 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S. Carl Hairston - Defensive ends.

        24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF. Robert Nunn - Defensive tackles. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX. Winston Moss - Linebackers. 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF. Kurt Schottenheimer - Defensive backs. 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Bob Sanders - Defensive coordinator.

        500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Ben McAdoo - Tight ends. 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. Jimmy Robinson - Wide receivers. 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S. Ty Knott - Offensive quality control. 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. James Campen - Offensive line assistant.

        300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. Edgar Bennett - Running backs. 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR. Joe Philbin - Offensive line. 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF. Tom Clements - Quarterbacks. 135 mm f/2D AF DC. Jeff Jagodzinski - Offensive coordinator.

        105 mm f/2D AF DC. Mike McCarthy. 85 mm f/1.8D AF. 2006 To be announced (5th overall pick). 85 mm f/1.4D AF. 2005 Aaron Rodgers. 50 mm f/1.8D AF. 2004 Ahmad Carroll.

        50 mm f/1.4D AF. 2003 Nick Barnett. 35 mm f/2D AF. 2002 Javon Walker. 28 mm f/2.8D AF. 2001 Jamal Reynolds. 28 mm f/1.4D AF. 2000 Bubba Franks.

        24 mm f/2.8D AF. 1999 Antuan Edwards. 20mm f/2.8D AF. 1998 Vonnie Holliday. 18 mm f/2.8D AF. 1997 Ross Verba. 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye. 1996 John Michels.

        14 mm f/2.8D ED AF. 1995 Craig Newsome. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S. 1994 Aaron Taylor. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. 1993 Wayne Simmons and George Teague. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. 1992 Terrell Buckley.

        AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. 1991 Vinnie Clark. DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh. 1990 Tony Bennett and Darrell Thompson. [6]. 1989 Tony Mandarich. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. 1988 Sterling Sharpe.

        IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. 1987 Brent Fullwood. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. 1986 Traded away. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. 1985 Ken Ruettgers. PC - Perspective Control. 1984 Alphonso Carreker.

        Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor. 1983 Tim Lewis. It has the same characteristics with the D lens. 1982 Ron Hallstrom. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. 1981 Rich Campbell. G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. 1980 Bruce Clark and George Cumby.

        The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject. 1979 Eddie Lee Ivory. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. 1978 James Lofton and John Anderson. Indicated after the f-stop number. 1977 Mike Butler and Morris Brown. D - Distance/Dimension. 1976 Mark Koncar.

        Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera). 1975 Traded away. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. 1974 Barty Smith. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. 1973 Barry Smith. VR - Vibration Reduction. 1972 Willie Buchanon and Jerry Tagge.

        Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings. 1971 John Brockington. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. 1970 Mike McCoy and Rich McGeorge. DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. 1969 Rich Moore. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing. 1968 Fred Carr and Bill Lueck.

        IF - Internal Focus. 1967 Bob Hyland and Don Horn. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced. 1966 Jim Grabowski and Gale Gillingham. Reduces chromatic aberration. 1965 Donny Anderson and Larry Elkins. ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. 1964 Lloyd Voss.

        Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996. 1963 Dave Robinson. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. 1962 Earl Gros. AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. 1961 Herb Adderly. First introduced in 1996. 1960 Tom Moore.

        Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. 1959 Randy Duncan. AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. 1958 Dan Currie. AF - Autofocus. 1957 Paul Hornung and Ron Kramer. Nikon D2Hs. 1956 Jack Losch.

        Nikon D2X. 1955 Tom Bettis. Nikon D2H. 1954 Art Hunter and Veryl Switzer. Nikon D70s. 1953 Al Carmichael. Nikon D70. 1952 Babe Parilli.

        Nikon D50. 1951 Bob Gain. Nikon D200. 1950 Clayton Tonnemaker. Nikon D100. 1949 Stan Heath. Nikon D1X. 1948 Earl "Jug" Girard.

        Nikon D1H. 1947 Ernie Case. Nikon D1. 1946 Johnny Strzyalski. Nikon Coolpix series. 1945 Walt Schlinkman. Nikonos line of underwater cameras. 1944 Merv Pregulman.

        Nikon S3M (1960). 1943 Dick Wildung. Nikon S4 (1959). 1942 Urban Odson. Nikon S3 (1958). 1941 George Paskvan. Nikon SP (1957). 1940 Hal Van Every.

        Nikon S2 (1954). 1939 Larry Buhler. Nikon S (1951). 1938 Cecil Isbell. Nikon M (1949). 1937 Ed Jankowski. Nikon I (1948). 1936 Russ Letlow.

        Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]. Vince Workman - RB. Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]. Mike Wahle - G. Nikon F6. Fred "Fuzzy" Thurston - G. Nikon F5. Darren Sharper - S.

        Nikon F4. Sterling Sharpe - WR. Nikon F100. Ken Ruettgers - OL. as the N80). Eugene Robinson - S. Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. Marco Rivera - G.

        as the N75). Andre Rison - WR. Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. Bryce Paup - LB. as the N65). Brian Noble - LB. Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. Steve McMichael - DT.

        as the N55). Max McGee - WR. Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. Larry McCarren - C. as the N90s). Tony Mandarich - T (bust). Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. Don Majkowski - QB.

        as the N90). Dorsey Levens - RB. Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. Mark Lee - CB. as the N8008s). Jerry Kramer - G, K (author of Instant Replay). Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. Sean Jones - DE.

        as the N8008). Ezra Johnson - DT. Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. Keith Jackson - TE. as the N6006). Chris Jacke - K. Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. Cecil Isbell - QB.

        Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020). Desmond Howard - WR/KR. as the N5005). Johnny Holland - LB. Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. Craig Hentrich - P. as the N4004s). Tim Harris - LB.

        Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. Brent Fullwood - RB. as the N4004). Antonio Freeman - WR. Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. Boyd Dowler - WR. as the N70). Santana Dotson - DT.

        Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. Lynn Dickey - QB. as the N60). Mark Chmura - TE. Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. Chuck Cecil - S. as the N50). LeRoy Butler - S.

        Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. Terrell Buckley - CB. Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000). Mark Brunell - QB. Nikon EM. "Gravedigger"). Nikon EL2. Gilbert Brown - DT (a.k.a.

        Nikkorex series. Robert Brooks - WR. Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat). John Brockington - RB. Nikon F3 series. Tony Bennett - LB. Nikon F2 series. Edgar Bennett - RB.

        Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor). John Anderson - LB. Nikon FM2. Reggie White #92. Nikon FM. Ray Nitschke #66. Nikon FG20. Bart Starr #15.

        Nikon FG. Don Hutson #14. Nikon FE2. Tony Canadeo #3. Nikon FE. 24 Willie Wood. Nikon FA. 92 Reggie White.

        Nikon FE10. Emlen Tunnell. Nikon FM10. 31 Jim Taylor. Nikon FM3A. 3 Jan Stenerud. JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%). 15 Bart Starr.

        (1.8%). 51 Jim Ringo. The Joyo Bank, Ltd. 66 Ray Nitschke. Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%). 2 Mike Michalske. The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%). 24 Johnny (Blood) McNally.

        State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %). Vince Lombardi. (2.7%). 80 James Lofton. Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. 20 Earl (Curly) Lambeau. Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%). 2 Walt Kiesling.

        (3.3%). 75 Henry Jordan. The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. 14 Don Hutson. Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%). 36 Cal Hubbard. (8.5%). 5 Paul Hornung.

        The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. 30 Clarke Hinkle. 38 Arnie Herber. 83 Ted Hendricks. 75 Forrest Gregg.

        Len Ford. 87 Willie Davis. 3 Tony Canadeo. 26 Herb Adderly.

        Milwaukee County Stadium (1953-1994). Marquette Stadium (1952). Wisconsin State Fair Park (1934-1951). Borchert Field (1933-1935).

        Lambeau Field (1957-present). City Stadium (Green Bay) (1925-1956). Bellevue Park (1923-1924). Hagemeister Park (1919-1922).

        NFC North: 2002, 2003, 2004. NFC Central: 1972, 1995, 1996, 1997. NFL Central: 1967. NFL West: 1936, 1938, 1939, 1944.

        NFC: 1996, 1997. NFL Western: 1960, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967. Super Bowl Championships (1)
        1996 (XXXI). AFL-NFL Super Bowl Championships (2)
        1966 (I), 1967 (II).

        NFL Championships (11)
        1929, 1930, 1931, 1936, 1939, 1944, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1967. Green Bay Packers (1919-present). NFC North (2002-present). NFC Central (1970-2001).

        National Football Conference (1970-present)

          . Central Division (1967-1969). Western Conference (1953-1969)
            . National Conference (1950-1952).

            Western Division (1933-1949).

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