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Nikon Corporation

Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies.

The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below).

Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus.

Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays.

In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments.

In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. [1]

Shareholders

Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731.

(As of September 2004)

  • The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. (8.5%)
  • Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%)
  • The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. (3.3%)
  • Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%)
  • Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. (2.7%)
  • State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %)
  • The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%)
  • Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%)
  • The Joyo Bank, Ltd. (1.8%)
  • JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%)

Holdings

The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group

Partial list of Nikon products

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Cameras

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nikon cameras

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. [3]

Film 35 mm SLR cameras without autofocus

  • Nikon FM3A
  • Nikon FM10
  • Nikon FE10
  • Nikon FA
  • Nikon FE
  • Nikon FE2
  • Nikon FG
  • Nikon FG20
  • Nikon FM
  • Nikon FM2
  • Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor)
  • Nikon F2 series
  • Nikon F3 series
  • Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat)
  • Nikkorex series
  • Nikon EL2
  • Nikon EM
  • Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000)

Film 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus

  • Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. as the N50)
  • Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N60)
  • Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N70)
  • Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N4004)
  • Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004s)
  • Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N5005)
  • Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020)
  • Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. as the N6006)
  • Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. as the N8008)
  • Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. as the N8008s)
  • Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. as the N90)
  • Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. as the N90s)
  • Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. as the N55)
  • Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. as the N65)
  • Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. as the N75)
  • Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. as the N80)
  • Nikon F100
  • Nikon F4
  • Nikon F5
  • Nikon F6


Film APS SLR cameras

  • Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]
  • Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]

Rangefinder cameras

Nikon F5 Nikon F6 Nikon D70
  • Nikon I (1948)
  • Nikon M (1949)
  • Nikon S (1951)
  • Nikon S2 (1954)
  • Nikon SP (1957)
  • Nikon S3 (1958)
  • Nikon S4 (1959)
  • Nikon S3M (1960)
  • Nikonos line of underwater cameras

Digital compact cameras

  • Nikon Coolpix series

Digital SLR cameras

  • Nikon D1
  • Nikon D1H
  • Nikon D1X
  • Nikon D100
  • Nikon D200
  • Nikon D50
  • Nikon D70
  • Nikon D70s
  • Nikon D2H
  • Nikon D2X
  • Nikon D2Hs

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon."

Lenses

Lens acronyms

Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). These help consumers know what features the lens has. Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each.

  • AF - Autofocus.
  • AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. First introduced in 1996.
  • AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996.
  • ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. Reduces chromatic aberration. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced.
  • IF - Internal Focus. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing.
  • DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings.
  • VR - Vibration Reduction. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera).
  • D - Distance/Dimension. Indicated after the f-stop number. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject.
  • G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. It has the same characteristics with the D lens.
  • Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor.
  • PC - Perspective Control. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor.
  • IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. [6]
  • DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh.
  • AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S.

AF Prime lenses

  • 14 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye
  • 18 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 20mm f/2.8D AF
  • 24 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 28 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 28 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 35 mm f/2D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 105 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 135 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF
  • 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S
  • 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II

Consumer AF zoom lenses

  • 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
  • 24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF
  • 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S
  • 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF
  • 28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF
  • 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF
  • 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF

Professional AF zoom lenses

  • 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S
  • 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S
  • 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR
  • 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR


DX (Digital APS-C sized sensor cameras only) Lenses

  • 10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX
  • 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX

Micro AF Lenses (also known as Macro)

  • 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro
  • 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro


Currently Produced Manual Focus Lenses

  • 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor

Lenses for other camera models

  • Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras
  • Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras
  • Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras
  • Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera

Flash guns

Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. Models offered include:

  • SB-800,
  • SB-600,
  • SU-800 (slave trigger),
  • SB-R200 (remote flash),
  • R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,
  • R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),
  • SB-80DX,
  • SB-50DX,
  • SB-30,
  • SB-29s,
  • SB-24,
  • SB-22s,
  • SB-23,
  • SB-27,
  • SB-16B, and
  • SB-16A.

External links

  • Official websites:
    • Nikon Corp. website
    • Nikon Corp. USA website
    • Nikon Precision Inc. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website
    • NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French
  • Data:
    • Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves
    • Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile
    • Nikon Historical Society
    • Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com
    • Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History
  • Fansites and forums:
    • Nikonians - see also Nikonian
    • Photosapien Photography Forum
    • Nikon mailing list

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Models offered include:. It should also be noted that in this sequel, no actual Native Americans are actually seen, only alluded to in a scene where flying over Neverland, Jane sees a tee-pee with smoke rising out of it. Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. The Disney sequel, Return to Neverland, features a heroine (Wendy's daughter Jane) who, rather than being a passive "damsel in distress", is fully capable of defending herself (and saving Peter from the clutches of Captain Hook).
. Hogan has been noted for going to the opposite extreme; several reviewers have criticized it for being excessively politically correct.
. J.

Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each. The 2003 film version directed by P. These help consumers know what features the lens has. Many authors of recent adaptations of Peter Pan (as well as virtually all of the modern "sequels") have chosen to soften (or eliminate altogether) the harsh portrayal of Native Americans. Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). Until the 2002 release of the DVD version of this film (which included all of the allegedly offensive content, uncensored), it was widely speculated that Disney's Peter Pan would meet the same fate as the film version of Song of the South, which has heretofore been withheld (by Disney) from the United States market on the grounds that it is racist. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon.". The film contains a song often criticized as offensive, namely What Makes The Red Man Red?, a catalog of Native American stereotypes.

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. This criticism is also levelled against several more recent adaptations of the story; most notably the 1953 Disney film.
. Barrie's treatment of female characters has also been criticized by modern readers--most of the female characters in Peter and Wendy (Wendy, Tinker Bell, Tiger Lily, and the mermaids) fawn after Peter Pan (and Tinker Bell makes several attempts on Wendy's life out of jealousy), yet Peter ignores all of their affections. [3]. The former charge primarily concerns the portrayal of Native Americans in Peter and Wendy--the portrayal is highly stereotypical, with Native Americans being shown as warlike primitives who speak in guttural tones. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. Specifically, the books have been accused of both racism and sexism.

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. Like many other works of fiction from the era (such as the works of Rudyard Kipling and Mark Twain), the Peter Pan canon contains much material which is likely to be construed as offensive to modern audiences. The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group. The original versions of Peter Pan are in the public domain in Australia and in Canada (where Somma's book was first published without incident). (As of September 2004). [2]. Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731. Their confidential settlement does not set any legal precedent, however.

. intellectual property rights". [1]. GOSH and Somma issued a joint statement which characterized her novel as "fair use" of the hospital's "U.S. In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. publication of her sequel After the Rain, was settled out of court in March 2005. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments. Somma over the U.S.

In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. A dispute between the hospital and writer J.E. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. The Library of Congress catalog states that the original edition of Peter and Wendy was published in 1911, and Disney asserts that that material, like any other work published before 1923, was already in the public domain at the time of these extensions, and was therefore ineligible to be extended. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. GOSH's claim is contested by various parties, including Disney, who had cooperated with the hospital previously, but in 2004 published Dave Barry's and Ridley Pearson's Peter and the Starcatchers without permission or royalty payments. In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. By then, the character of Peter Pan had appeared in three previously published books, the copyrights of which have since expired.

Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays. Their claim is based on the copyright for the play script for Peter Pan, which was not published until 1928. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. legislation effective in 1978 and again in 1998 extended their copyright until 2023. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. Great Ormond Street Hospital claims that U.S. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. copyright terms from a fixed number of years following publication, to an extending number of years following the creator's death, has introduced confusion over Peter Pan's copyright status.

Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. The conversion of U.S. Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. ([1]). Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus. The provisions of Schedule 6 have effect for conferring on trustees for the benefit of the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London, a right to a royalty in respect of the public performance, commercial publication, broadcasting or inclusion in a cable programme service of the play 'Peter Pan' by Sir James Matthew Barrie, or of any adaptation of that work, notwithstanding that copyright in the work expired on 31 December 1987. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below). 301.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. The exact phrasing is in section 301 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988:. The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon. Nor does it cover the Peter Pan sections of The Little White Bird, which pre-dates the play. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies. This is not a true perpetual copyright, however, as it does not grant the hospital creative control nor the right to refuse permission. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Additionally, in 1988 the government had enacted a perpetual extension of some of the rights to the work, entitling the hospital to royalties for any performance or publication of the work.

It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. copyright for Peter Pan originally expired at the end of 1987 (50 years after Barrie's death), but was reestablished through 2007 by the European Union directive. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. The U.K. Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Although Peter Pan was considered public domain in some jurisdictions at that time, this provision placed it back under copyright protection. Nikon mailing list. In the 1990s, the term of copyrights was standardised throughout the EU (see Directive on harmonising the term of copyright protection) to extend 70 years after the creator's death.

Photosapien Photography Forum. Great Ormond Street Hospital (to which Barrie assigned the copyright as a gift before his death) claims full copyright in the European Union until the end of 2007. Nikonians - see also Nikonian. introduced in the 1953 animated film, but not for the characters themselves. Fansites and forums:

    . For example, Disney holds the copyright for the character designs, songs, etc. Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History. For example, elements introduced in the earliest versions of the story by Barrie may be in public domain in a given jurisdiction, but elements introduced in later editions or adaptations might not.

    Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com. The question is complicated somewhat by the various versions in which the story has been published. Nikon Historical Society. The copyright status of Peter Pan varies from one jurisdiction to another, and is disputed in at least one of them. Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile. The Disney version of Peter Pan also appeared in the 2002 video game Kingdom Hearts. Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves. It was based on the 1998 play The Man Who Was Peter Pan by Allan Knee.

    Data:

      . Finding Neverland, a 2004 film starring Johnny Depp as Barrie and Kate Winslet as Sylvia Llewelyn Davies, was a somewhat fictionalized account of their relationship and how it led to the development of Peter Pan. NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French. Skillet's name was presumably based on "pan" as a cooking utensil. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website. However, he was a villian, and sent his shadow out to absorb the youth of other people. Nikon Precision Inc. The 1990s animated series The Mask included a character named "Skillet", who didn't age, dressed in green, could fly, and had a detatchable shadow.

      USA website. The 1997 comic book mini-series The Lost by Marc Andreyko and Jay Geldhof starred a vampiric boy hustler named Peter who leads a small group of vampire boys, and lures a girl named Wendy to join them. Nikon Corp. The 1987 Joel Schumacher film The Lost Boys featured several teen actors as ageless vampires, loosely styled after the lost boys of Peter Pan. website. In 1980, Petula Clark starred in Never Never Land as a woman whose niece, captivated by Barrie's tale, runs away and takes refuge with a group of "lost boys" squatting in a deserted London townhouse. Nikon Corp. Kate Bush's 1978 album Lionheart includes the song "In Search of Peter Pan".

      Official websites:

        . Her book has the provisional title Captain Pan. SB-16A. Also in 2005, Great Ormond Street Hospital announced that Geraldine McCaughrean had been chosen to write a hospital-authorised sequel to Barrie's novel. SB-16B, and. The book portrays the villainous youth in a sympathetic light. SB-27,. The book details the history of 15-year old James Matthew, young Oppidian Scholar and future Captain Hook.

        SB-23,. Hook by arrangement with Great Ormond Street Hospital. SB-22s,. Hart published the book Capt. SB-24,. In 2005, James V. SB-29s,. Supposedly a prequel to the events in Peter Pan, it is an attempt to justify the Darling children's willingness to fly away with Peter on the grounds that their home life, up to shortly before Peter appeared, had been filled with abuse and tragedy: a cruel nanny, a criminally irresponsible father, a suggestion of insanity in the family.

        SB-30,. Also in 2004, Karen Wallace's Wendy hit the stands. SB-50DX,. In 2005, the publisher announced plans by Disney to adapt the book as a digitally animated movie, and to publish a sequel to it entitled Peter and the Shadow Thieves and a series of five chapter books titled The Never Land Adventures, the first two of which—Escape from the Carnivale and Cave of the Dark Wind—are planned to be released in Fall 2006. SB-80DX,. It is an unofficial prequel to the story of Peter and Wendy, set on a ship called Never Land. R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),. Hyperion Books (a subsidiary of Disney) published the 2004 book Peter and the Starcatchers by humorist Dave Barry and suspense writer Ridley Pearson.

        R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,. This sequel is set during the Blitz, and deals with the issue of children being forced to grow up too fast. SB-R200 (remote flash),. In 2002, Disney released Return to Neverland, a sequel to the 1953 Disney adaptation, in which Wendy's daughter Jane becomes involved with Peter Pan. SU-800 (slave trigger),. It is set in modern times, and tells of Peter's reaction to a world that has grown to neglect him, and his rescue by three children who teach him that it's OK to grow up. SB-600,. Somma published After the Rain: A New Adventure for Peter Pan in 2001.

        SB-800,. J.E. Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera. Steven Spielberg's 1991 film Hook has a grown-up Peter (played by Robin Williams) lured back to Neverland by Tinker Bell (Julia Roberts) to fight the returned Captain Hook (Dustin Hoffman). Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras. The series consists of six volumes. Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras. In 1990, French artist Regis Loisel began a series of comic books titled Peter Pan, which constitute a bawdy, violent prequel to Barrie's work, and give Peter Pan's backstory a distinctly Dickensian flavor.

        Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras. The series is notable for drawing much of its characterization from the original book and play, particularly Captain Hook and his henchman Smee, so that they are not one-dimensional villains but complex, even ambiguous figures. 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. Curry won an Emmy for his performance. 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro. Voice talents in the cast included Jason Marsden as Peter and Tim Curry as Captain Hook. 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro. In 1990, Fox Studios released the short-lived cartoon series Peter Pan and the Pirates, about the daily adventures of Peter, Wendy, and the Lost Boys.

        105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. Takashi Nakamura, chief animator of Akira, did the character design for this project. 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. The first 23 episodes are a loose adaptation of Barrie's story, while the latter half of the series introduces a completely original arc with new supporting characters. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX. In 1989, Nippon Studios released an anime version, Peeta Pan no Bouken, as part of its World Masterpiece Theater series. 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX. It has Peter living with a new gang of Lost Boys under the ocean, recruiting children who fall from passing ships as new members.

        18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX. Gilbert Adair's novel Peter Pan and the Only Children was published in 1987. 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX. There have been several additions to Peter Pan's story created, both authorised and not. 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX. Wendy was played by Rachel Hurd-Wood and Hook by Jason Isaacs, who also plays the role of the Darling children's father. 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX. Hogan's 2003 live-action film version Peter Pan is notable for being the first film to cast a young teenage boy (Jeremy Sumpter) to portray Peter.

        10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX. J. 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR. P. 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR. The 1979 stage version starred Broadway and television actress Sandy Duncan. 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF. In the film, a visual reference is made to Peter's ties to the Pan of Greek mythology by showing him absentmindedly playing the Pan pipes (also called panflute), which the nature spirit was famous for playing.

        70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. 15-year-old film actor Bobby Driscoll supplied the voice of Peter. 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF. On February 5, 1953, Disney released its animated film version of Peter Pan with music by Sammy Cahn, Frank Churchill, Sammy Fain, and Ted Sears. 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S. The television version survives, as it was put to videotape in 1960. 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S. The 1954 version was restaged for television by NBC and broadcast in 1955 as a historic, live color television event.

        70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF. The 1954 version became widely known as a vehicle for Mary Martin and later for a series of female gymnasts, including Cathy Rigby. 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF. Several musical versions of the play have been produced, of which the best known are Jerome Kern's 1924 version, Leonard Bernstein's 1950 version, and the 1954 version mounted by Jerome Robbins (originally to have only a few incidental songs with music by Mark Charlap and lyrics by Carolyn Leigh, but evolved into a musical with additional music by Jule Styne and lyrics by the team of Betty Comden and Adolph Green). 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF. Paramount Pictures released the first film version of Peter Pan in 1924, a silent movie starring Betty Bronson as Peter and Ernest Torrence as Hook. 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF. Following the example of Barrie's original stage version, and for practical reasons (and perhaps tradition), Peter usually - but not always - has been played by an adult woman.

        28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF. Peter Pan has been adapted for stage and screen many times. 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF. Wendy's flirtatious (by contemporaneous standards) desire to kiss Peter, his desire for a mother figure, his conflicting feelings for Wendy, Tiger Lily and Tinker Bell (each representing different female archetypes), and the symbolism of his fight with Captain Hook (traditionally played by the same actor as Wendy's father), all could possibly hint at a Freudian interpretation (see Oedipus Complex). 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR. Most of the movie adaptations of Peter Pan add a romantic aspect to the story that is not present in the novel. 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S. He forgets anything that is not happy and lighthearted soon after the fact: "I always forget them after I kill them.".

        24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF. Peter has one emotion only: gladness, and occasionally he adds to that childish fury. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX. Peter Pan remains a child in mind because he cannot feel pain because of death affecting him or those around him. 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF. Peter and Wendy form a contrast between childhood and maturity. 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. They have made their decision not to grow up.

        500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Darling, along with Peter, are both immature, arrogant, and selfish. 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. Mr. 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S. She chooses to grow up, rather than staying in Neverland. 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. Wendy is also like her mother.

        300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. Her own personality is one of a child's, yet it is made up of the positive traits of a child. 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR. she has nothing against childish acts, only immature acts. 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF. Darling personifies when acting like a child is acceptable. 135 mm f/2D AF DC. Darling represents the negative aspects of being childish, Mrs.

        105 mm f/2D AF DC. If Mr. 85 mm f/1.8D AF. Barrie is making another point: there is nothing wrong with being childish, being egotistical is the problem. 85 mm f/1.4D AF. Girls have more sense then to be arrogant; they see the significance in growing up and maturity. 50 mm f/1.8D AF. There is a reason why there are only lost boys and not lost girls.

        50 mm f/1.4D AF. Barrie is making a point: being egotistical will bring you down, not up. 35 mm f/2D AF. He is the leader of the Lost Boys because he is the bravest and the 'smartest.' But whenever anything is brought up that he does not understand he dismisses it and makes it seem inferior. 28 mm f/2.8D AF. Peter too is like this. 28 mm f/1.4D AF. He is constantly fussing over money and respect, yet he never even attempts to hide his immaturity, because he is simply unaware of it.

        24 mm f/2.8D AF. Darling is constantly troubling himself with 'adult' matters. 20mm f/2.8D AF. Mr. 18 mm f/2.8D AF. Barrie's tale is intricately tied to the real Davies boys and the deaths of both mother and father. 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye. Along with the theme of "growing up" is the theme of death and innocence.

        14 mm f/2.8D ED AF. It is also sometimes used to positively describe an innocent, childlike approach to life. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S. Dan Kiley to describe an adult who is afraid of commitment and/or refuses to act his age. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. "Peter Pan syndrome" has become a psychiatric term named by Dr. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. The most apparent thematic thread in the story concerns growing up (or not), with the character of Peter wanting to remain a child forever in order to avoid the responsibilities of adulthood.

        AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. Wendy is related to the Welsh name Gwendolyn, and was used by Barrie at a time when Welsh names were making a resurgence in England. DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh. The Peter Pan stories popularized the name, at first in Britain. [6]. In fact, the name was already in use in both the United States and Britain, but was extremely rare. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. Barrie's friend poet William Henley called Barrie "Friend" but Henley's daughter Margaret aged 4 could only pronounce that as "My Fweiendy" or "Fwendy-Wendy".

        IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. Barrie is sometimes said to have "invented" the name Wendy with this story. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. John's, Newfoundland. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. The statues are in Kensington Gardens in London, in Liverpool, in Brussels, in Camden, New Jersey, in Perth, in Toronto, and in Bowring Park in St. PC - Perspective Control. There are seven statues of Peter Pan playing a set of pipes, cast from a mold by sculptor George Frampton, following an original commission by Barrie.

        Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor. Barrie then adapted the play into the 1911 novel Peter and Wendy (but most often now published simply as Peter Pan). It has the same characteristics with the D lens. In 1906, the portion of The Little White Bird which featured Peter Pan was published as the book Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, with illustrations by Arthur Rackham. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. Peter Pan first appeared in print in a 1902 book called The Little White Bird, a fictionalised version of Barrie's relationship with the Llewelyn Davies children, and was then used in a very successful stage play, Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, which premiered in London on December 27, 1904. G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. If Margaret Ogilvy drew a measure of comfort from the notion that David, in dying a boy, would remain a boy for ever, Barrie drew inspiration.".

        The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject. Barrie and the Lost Boys, the death was "a catastrophe beyond belief, and one from which she never fully recovered . It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. According to Andrew Birkin, author of J.M. Indicated after the f-stop number. It has also been suggested that the inspiration for the character was Barrie's elder brother David, whose death in a skating accident at the age of thirteen deeply affected their mother. D - Distance/Dimension. Barrie was named as co-guardian of the boys and unofficially adopted them.

        Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera). Llewelyn-Davies' death from cancer came within a few years of the death of her husband. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Mrs. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. The character's name comes from two sources: Peter Llewelyn-Davies, at the time the youngest of the boys, and Pan, the mischievous Greek god of the woodlands. VR - Vibration Reduction. Barrie created Peter Pan in stories he told to the sons of his friend Sylvia Llewelyn-Davies, with whom he had forged a special relationship, while both were married.

        Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings. Peter remains in the Neverland, and Wendy grows up. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. In the end, Wendy decides that her place is at home, and brings all the boys back to London. DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. Many adventures ensue, including the near-death of the fairy Tinker Bell, and a climactic confrontation with Peter's nemesis, the pirate Captain Hook of the pirate ship the Jolly Roger. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing. Her brothers John and Michael come along.

        IF - Internal Focus. In both the play and the novel, Peter invites the girl Wendy Darling to the Neverland to be a mother for his gang of Lost Boys. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced. Barrie's mythos of Peter Pan that is best known to most readers. Reduces chromatic aberration. M. ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. This is the portion of J.

        Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996. Later renamed to Peter Pan. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. It is all rather sad.". AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. The story ends, "I do hope Peter is not too ready with his spade. First introduced in 1996. Sometimes he is too late, and then he buries them (in twos, so that they should not be lonely) and carves a tombstone for them.

        Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. Every night, Peter rides around the Gardens, looking for lost children, and if he finds them, he puts them in a fairy house. AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. It is thus that Peter acquired the goat he rides on in the Gardens. AF - Autofocus. But she leaves Peter a present a little while later -- an imaginary goat, which she asks the fairies to turn into a real goat. Nikon D2Hs. Maimie agrees, but then Peter seems to like her fur coat (for a nest) better than her, and she remembers her mother -- and the long and short of it is that she goes back to her family.

        Nikon D2X. And in the morning, she meets Peter Pan, who asks her to marry him after a touching scene in which kisses are confused with thimbles, as in the stage play. Nikon D2H. Maimie helps precipitate a fairy wedding, and so she finds favor with the fairies, who build her a little house for the night. Nikon D70s. Peter spends a very long time as a little boy in the Gardens, playing without ceasing but never knowing that he was doing it all wrong, that is, until he meets a little girl named Maimie, who remains in the Garden after Lock-Out. Nikon D70. But Peter is having too much fun to hurry back; and when he finally does fly home, the window is barred and his mother has a new little boy to love.

        Nikon D50. But he cannot bring himself to leave behind his boat and the fairies and his fun in the Gardens, and so he flies away, planning to come back later. Nikon D200. So the fairies give him the ability to fly, and off he goes straight to his mother, who he finds is very sad -- and Peter knows why. Nikon D100. So the fairies grant him a wish of his heart -- and Peter asks to go back to his mother. Nikon D1X. Peter makes friends with the fairies in the Gardens, and he plays on his pipes for them at their dances and ceremonies.

        Nikon D1H. And from then on, Peter goes to the Gardens at night to play, just as real boys do in the daytime. Nikon D1. So one day, all the thrushes on the island build Peter a huge nest that he can use as a boat. Nikon Coolpix series. Peter grows up on the island -- that is to say, he spends a very long time on the island-- but he always wishes he could go back to the Kensington Gardens and play as little girls and boys do. Nikonos line of underwater cameras. Perfect faith is to have wings.

        Nikon S3M (1960). Peter is quite horrified, and then for a moment he doubts whether he can fly any more, and so he cannot. Nikon S4 (1959). At the island, he asks the wise old bird Solomon what is wrong -- and Solomon explains that he is now a little boy. Nikon S3 (1958). He soon discovered that something was a bit off about him, so he flew to the island in the Serpentine where all the birds-who-become-children are born. Nikon SP (1957). He, having been a bird before he was a boy, believed he was still a bird, and so he flew out the window to the Kensington Gardens.

        Nikon S2 (1954). In this story, Peter Pan escapes from being a human at the tender age of seven days. Nikon S (1951). Several sequels, adaptations, and spinoffs have emerged since then, all with slightly modified storylines. Nikon M (1949). Barrie wrote three works involving Peter Pan:. Nikon I (1948). M.

        Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]. J. Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]. . Nikon F6. The character is a little boy who refuses to grow up, and spends his time having magical adventures. Nikon F5. Barrie, and the name of a stage play, a children's book, and various adaptations of them.

        Nikon F4. M. Nikon F100. Peter Pan is a fictional character created by Scottish author J. as the N80). Peter and Wendy (1911), later retitled Peter Pan, a novel for children based on the play. Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. The stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Would Not Grow Up (1904).

        as the N75). "Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens," which is a segment of his book The Little White Bird (1902). Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. as the N65). Nikon F65 (known in the U.S.

        as the N55). Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. as the N90s). Nikon F90x (known in the U.S.

        as the N90). Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. as the N8008s). Nikon F801S (known in the U.S.

        as the N8008). Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. as the N6006). Nikon F601 (known in the U.S.

        Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020). as the N5005). Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N4004s).

        Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004). Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N70).

        Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N60). Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N50).

        Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000). Nikon EM. Nikon EL2.

        Nikkorex series. Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat). Nikon F3 series. Nikon F2 series.

        Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor). Nikon FM2. Nikon FM. Nikon FG20.

        Nikon FG. Nikon FE2. Nikon FE. Nikon FA.

        Nikon FE10. Nikon FM10. Nikon FM3A. JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%).

        (1.8%). The Joyo Bank, Ltd. Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%). The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%).

        State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %). (2.7%). Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%).

        (3.3%). The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%). (8.5%).

        The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd.

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