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Nikon Corporation

Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies.

The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below).

Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus.

Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays.

In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments.

In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. [1]

Shareholders

Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731.

(As of September 2004)

  • The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. (8.5%)
  • Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%)
  • The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. (3.3%)
  • Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%)
  • Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. (2.7%)
  • State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %)
  • The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%)
  • Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%)
  • The Joyo Bank, Ltd. (1.8%)
  • JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%)

Holdings

The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group

Partial list of Nikon products

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Cameras

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nikon cameras

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. [3]

Film 35 mm SLR cameras without autofocus

  • Nikon FM3A
  • Nikon FM10
  • Nikon FE10
  • Nikon FA
  • Nikon FE
  • Nikon FE2
  • Nikon FG
  • Nikon FG20
  • Nikon FM
  • Nikon FM2
  • Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor)
  • Nikon F2 series
  • Nikon F3 series
  • Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat)
  • Nikkorex series
  • Nikon EL2
  • Nikon EM
  • Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000)

Film 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus

  • Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. as the N50)
  • Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N60)
  • Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N70)
  • Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N4004)
  • Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004s)
  • Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N5005)
  • Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020)
  • Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. as the N6006)
  • Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. as the N8008)
  • Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. as the N8008s)
  • Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. as the N90)
  • Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. as the N90s)
  • Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. as the N55)
  • Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. as the N65)
  • Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. as the N75)
  • Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. as the N80)
  • Nikon F100
  • Nikon F4
  • Nikon F5
  • Nikon F6


Film APS SLR cameras

  • Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]
  • Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]

Rangefinder cameras

Nikon F5 Nikon F6 Nikon D70
  • Nikon I (1948)
  • Nikon M (1949)
  • Nikon S (1951)
  • Nikon S2 (1954)
  • Nikon SP (1957)
  • Nikon S3 (1958)
  • Nikon S4 (1959)
  • Nikon S3M (1960)
  • Nikonos line of underwater cameras

Digital compact cameras

  • Nikon Coolpix series

Digital SLR cameras

  • Nikon D1
  • Nikon D1H
  • Nikon D1X
  • Nikon D100
  • Nikon D200
  • Nikon D50
  • Nikon D70
  • Nikon D70s
  • Nikon D2H
  • Nikon D2X
  • Nikon D2Hs

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon."

Lenses

Lens acronyms

Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). These help consumers know what features the lens has. Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each.

  • AF - Autofocus.
  • AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. First introduced in 1996.
  • AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996.
  • ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. Reduces chromatic aberration. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced.
  • IF - Internal Focus. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing.
  • DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings.
  • VR - Vibration Reduction. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera).
  • D - Distance/Dimension. Indicated after the f-stop number. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject.
  • G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. It has the same characteristics with the D lens.
  • Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor.
  • PC - Perspective Control. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor.
  • IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. [6]
  • DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh.
  • AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S.

AF Prime lenses

  • 14 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye
  • 18 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 20mm f/2.8D AF
  • 24 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 28 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 28 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 35 mm f/2D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 105 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 135 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF
  • 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S
  • 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II

Consumer AF zoom lenses

  • 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
  • 24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF
  • 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S
  • 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF
  • 28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF
  • 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF
  • 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF

Professional AF zoom lenses

  • 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S
  • 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S
  • 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR
  • 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR


DX (Digital APS-C sized sensor cameras only) Lenses

  • 10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX
  • 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX

Micro AF Lenses (also known as Macro)

  • 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro
  • 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro


Currently Produced Manual Focus Lenses

  • 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor

Lenses for other camera models

  • Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras
  • Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras
  • Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras
  • Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera

Flash guns

Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. Models offered include:

  • SB-800,
  • SB-600,
  • SU-800 (slave trigger),
  • SB-R200 (remote flash),
  • R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,
  • R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),
  • SB-80DX,
  • SB-50DX,
  • SB-30,
  • SB-29s,
  • SB-24,
  • SB-22s,
  • SB-23,
  • SB-27,
  • SB-16B, and
  • SB-16A.

External links

  • Official websites:
    • Nikon Corp. website
    • Nikon Corp. USA website
    • Nikon Precision Inc. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website
    • NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French
  • Data:
    • Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves
    • Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile
    • Nikon Historical Society
    • Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com
    • Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History
  • Fansites and forums:
    • Nikonians - see also Nikonian
    • Photosapien Photography Forum
    • Nikon mailing list

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Models offered include:. List Format:. Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. [20].
. Out of these two groups, several notable individuals have immerged.
. In addition, the university employees 1825 part and full time faculty members.

Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each. NC State has conferred 185,663 degrees (as of 2005) since opening its doors and has an estimated 145,000 living alumni. These help consumers know what features the lens has. A great number of people have made their way through NC State University. Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). The property borders the North Carolina State Fair to the North and hosts tailgating parties before NC State football games. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon.". Aside from the two stadiums, the property is mainly open space used for event parking.

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. Both Carter-Finley Stadium and the RBC Center are located there.
. The Stadium property is 3.4 miles (5.5 km) northwest of the Memorial Bell Tower. [3]. Since most of the campus is rolling pastoral land, part of it is converted to parking space during the North Carolina State Fair and NC State football games. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. Situated on this campus is the University Club and North Carolina’s only Veterinary School.

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. The campus’s 182 acres (0.73 km²) is bordered by the stadiums and the North Carolina State Fairgrounds to the west and Meredith College to the east. The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group. West Campus is located 2.5 miles (4 km) west of the Memorial Bell Tower. (As of September 2004). The offices of Red Hat and the Raleigh branch of the National Weather Service are also on the Centennial Campus, as well as Centennial Campus Middle School. Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731. The College of Textiles is based on this campus and long-term plans have the majority of the College of Engineering relocating to the new campus.

. Located 1 mile (1.6 Km) south of the Memorial Bell Tower, this campus houses university, corporate, and government research, in addition to classrooms and non-student residences. [1]. NC State's main campus is augmented by the 1,334 acre (5.4 km²) mixed-use Centennial Campus. In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. NC State plans to reopen the Tunnel around March 2006. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments. The tunnel was closed in June 2005 and has been partially demolished, to be rebuilt with wheelchair accessibility.

In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. This particular tunnel is the site of sanctioned graffiti; anyone may paint there, and it is often the place for political statements, personal messages, and unique art. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. The Free Expression Tunnel functions as one of three pedestrian tunnels underneath the railroad tracks separating North Main Campus and Central Main Campus. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Southwest of the Court of North Carolina is another landmark, the Free Expression Tunnel. In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. Some replanting has occurred, but the Court's former appearance is far from being restored.

Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays. It was once home to 100 trees (one for every county in North Carolina), but damage caused by Hurricane Fran in 1996 reduced the number significantly, including the destruction of a particularly old and large tree which was some 12 feet in diameter. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. The Court of North Carolina, just West of the Memorial Bell Tower, is surrounded by the 1911 Building; the College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Tompkins, Caldwell, Winston Halls and Poe Hall; Page Hall, home to College of Engineering offices; and Leazar Hall, location of the Computer Science Teaching Labs. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. As a tradition, the Bell Tower is lighted in red at night immediately following athletic victories and certain academic achievements.[19]. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. The granite tower, completed in 1937, is 115 feet (35 meters) tall.

Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. It was constructed as a monument to alumni killed in World War I. Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. The Memorial Bell Tower, located in the Northeast corner of North Main Campus, serves as the signature of NC State and appears in the NC State Official Seal. Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus. These sidewalks are also dotted with white brick mosaics. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below). "the brickyard"), and most sidewalks are also made with brick.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. Due to oversupply, odd brick statues dot the landscape, a large section of main campus is paved over with brick (University Plaza, a.k.a. The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon. Architecturally, Main Campus is known for its distinctive red brick buildings. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies. Greek Court and a large conference center are found on South Main Campus. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Western Boulevard separates Central and South Main Campuses.

It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. Pedestrian and road tunnels are used to cross the tracks. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. North and Central Main Campus are separated by a rail road track. Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Central Main Campus is mainly dormitories, cafeterias, gymnasiums and student support departments. Nikon mailing list. North Main Campus is the oldest part of NC State and is home to most academic departments and a few dorms.

Photosapien Photography Forum. NC State’s Main Campus has three general areas: North Main Campus, Central Main Campus, and South Main Campus. Nikonians - see also Nikonian. The campus is divided into four sections:. Fansites and forums:

    . NC State has a sprawling, urban 2,139 acre (8.65 km²) campus. Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History. Other sports supported at NC State are cheerleading, cross country, dance, golf, rifle, soccer, sailing, swimming and diving, and track and field.

    Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com. Both men's and women's tennis compete out of this facility. Nikon Historical Society. Isenhouser Tennis Complex in early 2005. Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile. The University completed the J.W. Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves. The baseball team plays its games out of Doak Field, at the western edge of Main Campus.

    Data:

      . Completed in the 1949, Reynolds was once the heart of NC State, hosting many University sports. NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French. Volleyball, women's basketball, wrestling, and gymnastics are all still hosted in historic Reynolds Coliseum. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website. These two facilities are located roughly three miles to the west of NC State's Main Campus. Nikon Precision Inc. This new arena is located next to Carter-Finley Stadium, where the football team plays its games.

      USA website. For the Fall of 1999 the Wolfpack men's basketball program opened play in the RBC Center. Nikon Corp. Coach Kay Yow, head coach of the women's basketball program and member of the Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame, has led the Wolfpack Women to more than 600 wins and approaches 700 for her career. website. They also won the championship in 1983 under coach Jim Valvano. Nikon Corp. The men's team won the NCAA Championship in 1974 under coach Norm Sloan after ending UCLA's seven year reign.

      Official websites:

        . The men's basketball team has made four consecutive trips and a recent Sweet Sixteen appearance in the NCAA Tournament under the guidance of coach Herb Sendek. SB-16A. Chuck Amato, the head football coach, has led the Wolfpack to five bowl games while at NC State. SB-16B, and. NC State participates in the NCAA's Division I-A in the Atlantic Coast Conference. SB-27,. Athletic teams at NC State are known as the Wolfpack.

        SB-23,. (Demographics last updated Dec 6, 2005). SB-22s,. The station host several formats run by student disc jockies. SB-24,. The radio station broadcasts at 25,000 watts and reaches around 200,000 people. SB-29s,. It does seek sponsors, who can be acknowledged on the air, but 90% of the station's funding is from the university.

        SB-30,. WKNC is a non-commercial station and cannot run traditional advertisements. SB-50DX,. NC State has its own student-run radio station, WKNC. SB-80DX,. Each year, nearly 1,000 copies are printed and sold. R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),. The Agromeck serves as a historian of campus and is a reminder of the way things used to be.

        R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,. It acts as a compendium of student life on campus including sporting events, social activities, and day-to-day living. SB-R200 (remote flash),. NC State’s oldest student publication, the Agromeck yearbook, celebrated its 100th birthday with the 2002 edition. SU-800 (slave trigger),. The paper is funded by advertisement and the student government; it is distributed for free at numerous locations on campus and at area merchants. SB-600,. Technician is published Monday through Friday when school is in session with a circulation of about 15,000.

        SB-800,. It employs more than 100 students throughout the year and reports on campus news, sports, entertainment, and state and national news. Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera. Technician has been North Carolina State University’s student-run newspaper since 1920. Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras. Besides fraternities and sororities, there are multicultural groups, arts groups, political and social action groups, service and professional groups, religious groups, sports and recreation groups, academic and professional groups, and special interest groups such as the Clogging Team, the Film Society, the Judo Club, the Equestrian Club, and the Black Finesse Modeling Troupe. Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras. Student life at North Carolina State University includes opportunities in a diverse range of activities and organizations.

        Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras. There is also a multicultural student affairs office. 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. The student center of the University includes an African-American Cultural Center which has an art gallery and a library. 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro. Most students are North Carolina residents, so on the weekends the campus is empty. 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro. By far the largest party and social events are those associated with sporting events.

        105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. While Greeks do offer some social events, many dormitories host their own parties, though alcohol policies are strictly enforced. 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. NC State has a relatively small Greek presence, and few Greeks actually live in their fraternity or sorority houses. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX. Freshman dorms provide academic and social events that acclimate incoming students to the college experience. 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX. Thirty-three percent of all students live on campus in one of twenty different dormitories.

        18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX. [17] NC State as a member of the Triangle Research Libraries Network (TRLN), has interlibrary loan services with Duke University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and North Carolina Central University.[18]. 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX. Hill Library, located on Main Campus is over 11 stories tall and covers over 119 thousand square feet (11 thousand square meters). 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX. The largest library, D.H. 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX. The NC State Library, ranked 27th out of 113 North American research libraries, includes 3.4 million volumes and 54 thousand journal subscriptions (as of 2005).[15][16] The library system has an annual budget of over $20 million and consists of 5 libraries.

        10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX. The administration of NC State claims that this rate is a product of high participation in the cooperative education program (which adds a year to an undergraduate’s tenure) and the difficulty of the engineering degrees.[8] [9]. 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR. NC State’s rankings are significantly hurt by its 29.7% four year graduation rate (for freshmen entering in 1998), as compared to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s 66.7% rate for the same class. 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR. NC State includes the following academic units:. 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF. Areas of Study:.

        70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR.
        . 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF. Only the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences offers associate's degrees. 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S. NC State offers bachelor's degrees in 100 areas of study, master's degrees in 109 areas and doctorate degrees in 55 areas. 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S. NC State also provides a First Year Program for incoming freshmen to give incoming freshmen an opportunity to experience several disciplines before selecting a major.

        70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF. Students can alternate semesters in the cooperative program, which gives them college credit for time-spent working on-site. 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF. The textile and paper science programs are notable, given the University’s location near active textile and paper producers. 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF. NC State is known for its programs in engineering and design. 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF. State law limits the admission of student from outside North Carolina, so there is strong competition among non-residents for admissions.

        28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF. Twenty-five percent were in both categories. 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF. Out of the 3,175 students in the 2004 freshmen class, 43% were ranked in the top 10% of their high school class and 48% scored greater than 1200 on the SAT. 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR. Considered a more selective university, NC State accepts fewer than 60% of those who apply. 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S. It is also widely recognized as one of the three anchors of North Carolina's Research Triangle, together with Duke University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.[7].

        24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF. Currently, NC State has over 7,000 employees, over 30,000 students, an $820 million annual budget, and a $300 million endowment. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX. [5] [6]. 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF. There are 61 private and government agency partners located here as well. 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Over $620 million has been invested in facilities and infrastructure at the new campus with 2.7 million square feet of space being constructed.

        500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Over the next decade and a half, NC State has focused on developing is new Centennial Campus. 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. Also in this year, it gained 700 acres of land that would later become the Centennial Campus. 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S. School of Engineering to the College of Engineering). 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. NC State celebrated its centennial in 1987 and reorganized its internal structure renaming all is schools to colleges (e.g.

        300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. The 1970s saw enrollment surpass 19,000 and the addition of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR. In 1966 single year enrollment reached 10,000. 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF. Convention ignores the "at Raleigh" part of the name, but it is still in the official name. 135 mm f/2D AF DC. Still not satisfied, protest and letter writing campaigns continued until 1965 when the university received the present name North Carolina State University at Raleigh.

        105 mm f/2D AF DC. Instead the General Assembly changed the name to North Carolina State of the University of North Carolina at Raleigh in 1963. 85 mm f/1.8D AF. The name was never adopted. 85 mm f/1.4D AF. Faculty, students and alumni immediately launched a bitter opposition campaign, arguing that the name would cause the university to lose its identity and to appear to be a branch of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 50 mm f/1.8D AF. In 1962, administrators tried to change State College to North Carolina State University, but Governor Terry Sanford and other UNC system officials proposed The University of North Carolina at Raleigh for consistency.

        50 mm f/1.4D AF. The period also saw the first admission of African-Americans. 35 mm f/2D AF. The 1950s saw many building projects and national recognition of its academic programs. 28 mm f/2.8D AF. By 1947 enrollment was over 5,000 and the university expanded to accommodate the new students. 28 mm f/1.4D AF. Bill.

        24 mm f/2.8D AF. After the end of World War II, State College experienced rapid growth due to the G.I. 20mm f/2.8D AF. By 1937 enrollment rebounded to over 2,000, but World War II caused enrollment to drop below 1,000. 18 mm f/2.8D AF. The Consolidated University of North Carolina lasted until 1972 when it was remade into the University of North Carolina system. 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye. This move also brought another name – North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering of the University of North Carolina.

        14 mm f/2.8D ED AF. This administratively combined the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the Women’s College at Greensboro, and State College. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S. To address issues institutional inefficiencies, the State of North Carolina established the Consolidated University of North Carolina in 1931. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. The Great Depression brought many challenges to State College when economic hardships caused enrollment to suffer. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. In 1927, the first women graduated from the university.

        AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. In 1920 enrollment reached 1,000 and by 1929 enrollment doubled to 2,000. DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh. School of Agriculture, Textile School…). [6]. In the 1920s, many of the university’s educational units were organized into schools (e.g. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. By the end of World War I, State College experienced many institutional changes and fluctuating enrollment.

        IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. [4]. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. By 1918 the college had an enrollment over 700 students and it had a new name—North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. These two new programs allowed the university’s knowledge resources to directly benefit the people of North Carolina, not just those students who walked its halls. PC - Perspective Control. In 1914 the federal Smith-Lever Act enabled the university to establish state, county, and local extension programs.

        Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor. Along with United State Department of Agriculture, State College created the Boys’ and Girls’ Clubs in 1909 (which later became 4-H in 1926). It has the same characteristics with the D lens. Between 1889 to the end of World War I, the college experienced growth and expansion of purpose. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. [1] [2] [3]. G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. Construction began on the Main Building (now called Holladay Hall) in 1888 and the college formally opened on October 3, 1889.

        The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject. Stanhope Pullen gave land towards the establishment of the new college in Raleigh. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. R. Indicated after the f-stop number. The state also budgeted money for the new college and transferred North Carolina's land-grant endowment to it as well. D - Distance/Dimension. On March 7, 1887 the North Carolina General Assembly authorized the establishment of North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.

        Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera). In the mid 1880s both state farmers and business leaders claimed that the Chapel Hill’s elitist education did not meet the mandate set forth by the Morrill Land-Grant Act. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. For two decades that university received $7,500 annually from the endowment. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. During Reconstruction, North Carolina allocated its endowment to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. VR - Vibration Reduction. This Act created endowments that were to be used in the establishment of colleges that would provide a “liberal and practical education” while focusing on military tactics, agriculture and the mechanical arts without excluding classical studies.

        Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings. Although established in 1887, the North Carolina State University story begins in 1862 when President Lincoln signed the federal Morrill Land-Grant Act. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. . DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. While NC State has historical strengths in design, agriculture, engineering, and textiles, it offers over 100 Bachelor degree areas of study including meteorology, economics, political science, forestry, and education. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing. Today, NC State has an enrollment of over 30,000, making it the largest university in North Carolina.

        IF - Internal Focus. The North Carolina General Assembly founded NC State in 1887 as a land-grant college. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced. Also known as NC State, the university is the principal technological institute of the University of North Carolina. Reduces chromatic aberration. North Carolina State University at Raleigh is a public, coeducational, extensive research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA. ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. JC Raulston Arboretum.

        Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996. Armed Forces Joint Chiefs of Staff. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Hugh Shelton (Bachelors 1963) Former chairman of the U.S. AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Gen. First introduced in 1996. Burley Mitchell (Bachelors 1966) North Carolina Supreme Court Chief Justice.

        Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. Jones (Bachelors 1965) Member, United States Congress, 3rd District, North Carolina. AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Walter B. AF - Autofocus. (Bachelors 1959, Masters 196?) 4-term Governor of North Carolina. Nikon D2Hs. Hunt Jr.

        Nikon D2X. James B. Nikon D2H. Hayworth (Bachelors 1980) Member, United States Congress, 6th District, Arizona. Nikon D70s. J.D. Nikon D70. Senator and vice-presidential candidate.

        Nikon D50. John Edwards (Bachelors 1974) U.S. Nikon D200. John Tesh (Attended circa 1975, expelled for cheating(?)) Musician. Nikon D100. Jerry Punch (Bachelors 1975) Sideline reporter & auto racing analyst for ESPN and ABC. Nikon D1X. Park (Bachelors 1931) Communications executive.

        Nikon D1H. Roy H. Nikon D1. Terry Gannon Bachelors 1985) ABC Sports commentator. Nikon Coolpix series. Richard Curtis (Bachelors 1972) A founder and managing editor of graphics and photography for USA TODAY. Nikonos line of underwater cameras. David Thompson (Bachelors 2003 played for NCSU from 1971 to 1975)) basketball player.

        Nikon S3M (1960). Philip Rivers (Bachelors 2003) football player. Nikon S4 (1959). Nate McMillan (Attended 1985-1986) Basketball, head coach of the Portland Trail Blazers and past Head Coach Seattle SuperSonics. Nikon S3 (1958). Torry Holt (Attended 1995-1998) football player. Nikon SP (1957). Terrence Holt (Attended 1999-2001) football player.

        Nikon S2 (1954). Roman Gabriel (Bachelors 1962) football player. Nikon S (1951). David Fox (Bachelor 1994) 1996 Summer Olympics Swimming gold medalist. Nikon M (1949). Bill Cowher (Bachelors 1979) football, head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers. Nikon I (1948). 1972, Faculty member 1972-1976) CEO of SAS Institute.

        Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]. 1968, Ph.D. Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]. 1965, M.S. Nikon F6. James Goodnight (B.S. Nikon F5. Marshall Brain (Masters 1989, Instructor 1986-1992) Founder of HowStuffWorks.

        Nikon F4. Donald Bitzer (Professor 1989-Present) Father of Plasma Television. Nikon F100. Young (Professor 19??-present) Renaissance English literature scholar and co-founder of the John Donne Journal. as the N80). V. Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. R.

        as the N75). John Kessel (Professor 1982-Present) science-fiction author. Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. George Kennedy (Professor 1976-Present) Entomologist. as the N65). Thomas Hester (Professor 19??-Present) Renaissance English literature scholar and co-founder of the John Donne Journal. Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. M.

        as the N55). Tom Regan (Professor 1967-Present) Philosopher and animal rights activist. Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. Friday (Bachelors 1941) Former President of the University of North Carolina. as the N90s). William C. Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. 1966, Faculty member 1962-1969) UCLA Chancellor.

        as the N90). Albert Carnesale (PhD. Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. William Brantley Aycock (Bachelors 1936) former University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chancellor. as the N8008s). Stadiums—Located further West of Main Campus than West Campus, it is the location of the basketball and football stadiums. Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. West Campus—Located two miles West of Main Campus, it is the home of the veterinary School.

        as the N8008). Centennial Campus—Located South of Main Campus, it is home to some academic departments, in particular those related to science and engineering, but most activity here is concerned with public/private cooperation and research. Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. Location of most academic studies and student dormitories. as the N6006). Main Campus—Oldest campus of NC State. Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. Among America's Best Value Colleges by Princeton Reviews.[14].

        Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020). 3rd in the nation in the total number of engineering degrees conferred in 2004.[13]. as the N5005). 28th best value in education by Kiplinger in 2006.[12]. Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. [11]. as the N4004s). 34th in US News and World Report's Best Graduate Engineering Programs.

        Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. 78th out of all national universities by US News and World Report in 2006.[10]. as the N4004). List of graduate degrees. Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. List of bachelor degrees. as the N70).

        Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N60). Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N50).

        Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000). Nikon EM. Nikon EL2.

        Nikkorex series. Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat). Nikon F3 series. Nikon F2 series.

        Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor). Nikon FM2. Nikon FM. Nikon FG20.

        Nikon FG. Nikon FE2. Nikon FE. Nikon FA.

        Nikon FE10. Nikon FM10. Nikon FM3A. JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%).

        (1.8%). The Joyo Bank, Ltd. Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%). The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%).

        State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %). (2.7%). Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%).

        (3.3%). The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%). (8.5%).

        The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd.

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