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Nikon Corporation

Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies.

The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below).

Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus.

Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays.

In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments.

In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. [1]

Shareholders

Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731.

(As of September 2004)

  • The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd. (8.5%)
  • Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%)
  • The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. (3.3%)
  • Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%)
  • Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. (2.7%)
  • State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %)
  • The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%)
  • Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%)
  • The Joyo Bank, Ltd. (1.8%)
  • JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%)

Holdings

The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group

Partial list of Nikon products

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Cameras

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Nikon cameras

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. [3]

Film 35 mm SLR cameras without autofocus

  • Nikon FM3A
  • Nikon FM10
  • Nikon FE10
  • Nikon FA
  • Nikon FE
  • Nikon FE2
  • Nikon FG
  • Nikon FG20
  • Nikon FM
  • Nikon FM2
  • Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor)
  • Nikon F2 series
  • Nikon F3 series
  • Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat)
  • Nikkorex series
  • Nikon EL2
  • Nikon EM
  • Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000)

Film 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus

  • Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. as the N50)
  • Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N60)
  • Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N70)
  • Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N4004)
  • Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004s)
  • Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N5005)
  • Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020)
  • Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. as the N6006)
  • Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. as the N8008)
  • Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. as the N8008s)
  • Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. as the N90)
  • Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. as the N90s)
  • Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. as the N55)
  • Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. as the N65)
  • Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. as the N75)
  • Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. as the N80)
  • Nikon F100
  • Nikon F4
  • Nikon F5
  • Nikon F6


Film APS SLR cameras

  • Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]
  • Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]

Rangefinder cameras

Nikon F5 Nikon F6 Nikon D70
  • Nikon I (1948)
  • Nikon M (1949)
  • Nikon S (1951)
  • Nikon S2 (1954)
  • Nikon SP (1957)
  • Nikon S3 (1958)
  • Nikon S4 (1959)
  • Nikon S3M (1960)
  • Nikonos line of underwater cameras

Digital compact cameras

  • Nikon Coolpix series

Digital SLR cameras

  • Nikon D1
  • Nikon D1H
  • Nikon D1X
  • Nikon D100
  • Nikon D200
  • Nikon D50
  • Nikon D70
  • Nikon D70s
  • Nikon D2H
  • Nikon D2X
  • Nikon D2Hs

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon."

Lenses

Lens acronyms

Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). These help consumers know what features the lens has. Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each.

  • AF - Autofocus.
  • AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. First introduced in 1996.
  • AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996.
  • ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. Reduces chromatic aberration. More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced.
  • IF - Internal Focus. Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing.
  • DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings.
  • VR - Vibration Reduction. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera).
  • D - Distance/Dimension. Indicated after the f-stop number. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject.
  • G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies. It has the same characteristics with the D lens.
  • Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor.
  • PC - Perspective Control. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor.
  • IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. [6]
  • DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh.
  • AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S.

AF Prime lenses

  • 14 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye
  • 18 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 20mm f/2.8D AF
  • 24 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 28 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 28 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 35 mm f/2D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 50 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.4D AF
  • 85 mm f/1.8D AF
  • 105 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 135 mm f/2D AF DC
  • 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF
  • 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S
  • 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II
  • 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II

Consumer AF zoom lenses

  • 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX
  • 24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF
  • 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S
  • 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF
  • 28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF
  • 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF
  • 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF
  • 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF

Professional AF zoom lenses

  • 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S
  • 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S
  • 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF
  • 70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR
  • 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF
  • 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR
  • 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR


DX (Digital APS-C sized sensor cameras only) Lenses

  • 10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX
  • 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX
  • 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX
  • 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX

Micro AF Lenses (also known as Macro)

  • 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro
  • 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro
  • 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro


Currently Produced Manual Focus Lenses

  • 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor

Lenses for other camera models

  • Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras
  • Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras
  • Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras
  • Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera

Flash guns

Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. Models offered include:

  • SB-800,
  • SB-600,
  • SU-800 (slave trigger),
  • SB-R200 (remote flash),
  • R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,
  • R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),
  • SB-80DX,
  • SB-50DX,
  • SB-30,
  • SB-29s,
  • SB-24,
  • SB-22s,
  • SB-23,
  • SB-27,
  • SB-16B, and
  • SB-16A.

External links

  • Official websites:
    • Nikon Corp. website
    • Nikon Corp. USA website
    • Nikon Precision Inc. - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website
    • NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French
  • Data:
    • Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves
    • Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile
    • Nikon Historical Society
    • Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com
    • Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History
  • Fansites and forums:
    • Nikonians - see also Nikonian
    • Photosapien Photography Forum
    • Nikon mailing list

This page about Nikon includes information from a Wikipedia article.
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Models offered include:. He hit safely for the 3,000th time on May 5, 1978. Nikon use the term Speedlight for their flash guns. If I can play 150 games for the next five years, I’ll reach 3,000 on July 16, 1977...no, make that 1978. -Pete Rose, in a 1972 interview.
. My goal is 3,000.
. He's the Reds.
-Sparky Anderson, Hall of Fame manager.

Some common designations are listed below with the descriptions of each. He is Cincinnati. These help consumers know what features the lens has. I’d walk through Hell in a gasoline suit just to play baseball. -Pete Rose. Nikon Lenses have designated acronyms used in their names (for example, the lens AF-S 18-70 mm f/3.5-4.5G DX ED IF). He pleaded guilty and could face up to two years in federal prison. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera - Nikon.". GBL is a legal drug often sold as a paint stripper and it can be used to make GHB.

Nikon's raw image format format is named NEF, for Nikon Electric File. In early November 2005, PJ was indicted for allegedly distributing gamma butyrolactone (GBL), a drug sometimes sold as a steroid alternative to his Chattanooga Lookouts teammates.
. In 2005, PJ played third base for the defending Atlantic League of Professional Baseball Clubs champion Long Island Ducks. [3]. Since then, he has bounced around the minor leagues. They will continue to produce the low-end FM10 and the high-end F6, and announced a commitment to service all of the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. ("PJ"), is a professional baseball player who had an 11-game run in MLB with the Reds in 1997.

In January 2006 Nikon announced [2] that they will stop the production of all but two models of their film cameras, focusing their efforts to the digital camera market. His son, Pete Rose Jr. The companies held by Nikon form the Nikon Group. Pete Rose has a daughter, Fawn. (As of September 2004). Later in his Fort Thomas service, Rose served as company cook. Nikon is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange under number 7731. Rose received some special treatment during basic training, including not receiving a crew cut and palling around with the colonel.

. Rose then remained at Fort Knox to assist the sergeant in training the next platoon and helping another Sargent train the Fort's baseball team. [1]. At Fort Knox, he was a platoon guide and graduated basic training January 18, 1964, one week before his marriage to Karolyn. In January 2006, Nikon announced that it would stop making most of its film camera models and focus on digital models. He was assigned to Fort Knox for six months of active duty, which was followed by three years of regular attendance with a Reserve Unit at Fort Thomas, Kentucky. The facility now includes corporate offices, a fully equipped training center, and extensive applications, technology, service, sales and marketing departments. Rose entered the United States Army after the end of the 1963 baseball season.

In 1990, NPI opened its current Belmont, California headquarters. In 2004 Rose appeared at WrestleMania XX, where he was inducted to the WWE Hall of Fame, becoming the first member of the "Celebrity Wing.". Fueled by a rapidly growing customer base, the company quickly expanded. In October 2002 he starred alongside Kane in a Halloween-themed commercial for No Mercy 2002. was established in the United States to sell and service Nikon stepper equipment. Rose would often be on the receiving end of either a Chokeslam or a Tombstone Piledriver delivered by a man already known to many fans as "The Big Red Machine," Kane. In 1982, Nikon Precision Inc. During the years 1998 to 2000 Rose performed in WWE's annual spectacular, WrestleMania.

Since then, Nikon has introduced over 50 models of stepper/scanners for the production of semiconductors and liquid crystal displays. Major League Baseball for Keeping Pete Rose Out of the Hall of Fame." Their reasons:. By 1980, the first stepper, the NSR-1010G, was produced in Japan. In October 2005, ESPN Classic aired, as part of its regular series, The Top 5 Reasons You Can't Blame.. After the war it reverted to its civilian product range with a single factory and 1400 employees. Further adding to the debate was the 2004 ESPN made-for-TV movie Hustle, starring Tom Sizemore as Rose, which documented Rose's gambling problem and his subsequent ban from baseball. During World War II the company grew to 19 factories and 23,000 employees, supplying items such as binoculars, lenses, bomb sights and periscopes to the Japanese military. In addition, the timing was called into question - by making his admission just two days after the Baseball Hall of Fame announced its class of 2004 inductees, Rose appeared to be linking himself publicly to the Hall.

Over the next 60 years this growing company became a leading manufacturer of optical lenses and precision equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. The criticism of Rose did not diminish after this admission - even some Rose supporters were outraged that Rose would suddenly reverse fifteen years of denials as part of a book publicity tour. Nikon Corporation was established in 1917 when two leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kogaku K.K. He also said in the book that he hoped his admissions would help end his ban from baseball so that he could reapply for reinstatement. Nikon's main competitors include Canon, Konica Minolta, Leica, Pentax, and Olympus. He repeated his admissions in an interview on the ABC news program Primetime Thursday. Nikon has helped lead the transition to digital photography with both the Coolpix line of consumer and prosumer cameras as well as system cameras like the Nikon D100, the more recent Nikon D70, D70s and the D50, and professional DSLRs including the D1 and D2 series (see below). He also admitted to betting on Reds games, but said that he never bet against the Reds.

Among its famous products are Nikkor camera lenses (notably those designed for the company's own F-mount SLR cameras), Nikonos underwater cameras, the Nikon F-series of professional 135 film SLR cameras, and the Nikon D-series digital SLRs. In his autobiography My Prison Without Bars, published by Rodale Press on January 8, 2004, Rose finally admitted publicly to betting on baseball games and other sports while playing for and managing the Reds. The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, is a merging of Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optical") and an imitation of Zeiss Ikon. Earlier that season, Rose had been ranked at number 25 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players. Nikon is one of the Mitsubishi companies. Others felt that given the dichotomy of Rose's banishment from baseball and his inclusion on the All-Century Team, the questions were appropriate. As of 2002, it has about 14,000 employees. Many people were outraged over Gray's aggressive questioning, feeling that it detracted from the ceremony.

It was founded in 1917 as Nihon (Nippon) Kōgaku Kōgyō (日本光學工業株式會社); the company was renamed Nikon Corporation (株式会社ニコン), after its cameras, in 1988. JG: Some would be surprised that you didn't take the opportunity.. Its products include cameras, binoculars, microscopes, measurement instruments, and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication. This is a prosecutor's brief, not an interview, and I'm very surprised at you.. Nikon Corporation (Nikon, Nikon Corp.) TYO: 7731 is a Japanese company specializing in optics and imaging. And you're bringing up something that happened 10 years ago .. Nikon mailing list. Everybody seems to be in a good mood.

Photosapien Photography Forum. I mean I'm doing an interview with you on a great night, a great occasion, a great ovation. Nikonians - see also Nikonian. PR: Yeah, I'm surprised you're bombarding me like this. Fansites and forums:

    . JG: By not acknowledging what seems to be overwhelming evidence.. Photography in Malaysia - Nikon Pictorial History. PR: In what way are you talking about?.

    Nikon Field Guide and Nikon Flash Guide support at bythom.com. How do you respond to that?. Nikon Historical Society. JG: Pete, those who will hear this tonight will say you have been your own worst enemy and continue to be. Yahoo! - Nikon Corporation Company Profile. I mean, show it to me.... Nikon Digital Camera Resources - Custom tone curves. This is too much of a festive night to worry about that because I don't know what evidence you're talking about.

    Data:

      . PR: No. NIKON NEWS - Magazine on Nikon products and photography published by Nikon Switzerland in German and French. JG: With the overwhelming evidence in that report, why not make that step.... - Semiconductor Photolithography USA website. I'm just a small part of a big deal tonight.. Nikon Precision Inc. I appreciate the American fans voting me on the All-Century Team.

      USA website. But I appreciate the ovation. Nikon Corp. I know you're getting tired of hearing me say that. website. I'm not going to admit to something that didn't happen. Nikon Corp. Pete Rose: Not at all, Jim.

      Official websites:

        . Are you willing to show contrition, admit that you bet on baseball and make some sort of apology to that effect?. SB-16A. It seems as though there is an opening, the American public is very forgiving. SB-16B, and. Jim Gray: Pete, now let me ask you. SB-27,. After the ceremony on live television, NBC's Jim Gray repeatedly asked Rose if he was ready to admit betting on baseball and apologize: [1].

        SB-23,. Before game two of the 1999 World Series, Rose received the loudest ovation during the introduction of the members of the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. SB-22s,. Under the Hall of Fame's election rules, Rose will not be eligible for entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame until 2009 (when the Veterans Committee could select him for entry (if he is reinstated). SB-24,. In September 1997 Rose applied for reinstatement (Bud Selig, the Commissioner of Major League Baseball, is still considering the matter). SB-29s,. On July 20 Rose was sentenced to five months in federal prison and fined $50,000, being released on January 7, 1991 after having paid $366,041 in back taxes and interest.

        SB-30,. On April 21, 1990 Rose pleaded guilty to two charges of filing false income tax returns not showing income he received from selling autographs, selling memorabilia and horse racing. SB-50DX,. It is very unlikely that any other Red will ever wear that number again. SB-80DX,. However, aside from his son's brief stint with the team in 1997, the Reds have not issued that number since Rose's ban. R1C1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s, SU-800, and accessories),. Another effect of the ban was to keep the Reds from formally retiring Rose's #14 jersey.

        R1 Wireless Close Up Speedlight Flash System (2 SB-R200s and accessories) ,. On February 4, 1991 the Hall of Fame voted to formally exclude players banned from baseball from being placed on their ballots. SB-R200 (remote flash),. Rose, with a 412-373 record, was replaced as Reds manager by Tommy Helms. SU-800 (slave trigger),. Rose accepted that there was a material reason for the ban; in return, Major League Baseball agreed to make no finding of fact with regard to the gambling allegations and on the provision that baseball would cease exploring Rose's activities (leading some observers to speculate that Rose may have bet against the Reds while managing them; had further investigations uncovered this, he would have been liable to criminal prosecution under "sports bribery" laws, which typically prohibit athletes from betting against themselves but not on themselves), and that after one year Rose could reapply for reinstatement. SB-600,. On August 24, 1989, he voluntarily accepted a permanent place on baseball’s ineligible list.

        SB-800,. The Dowd Report asserted that Rose bet on 52 Reds games in 1987, at a minimum of $10,000 a day. Lens for Plaubel Makina medium-format camera. A March 21, 1989 Sports Illustrated article tied him to baseball gambling. Lenses for Bronica medium-format cameras. Three days later, lawyer John Dowd was retained to investigate charges against Rose. Screwmount lenses for Leica rangefinder cameras. Amid reports that Rose had bet on baseball while Reds manager, he was questioned in February 1989 by outgoing commissioner Peter Ueberroth and his replacement, Giamatti.

        Lenses for Nikon S-series rangefinder cameras. By the 1980s, Rose was gambling heavily on several sports, and by most accounts lost large sums. 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. The shove caused a riot within the stands which eventually led to the 30 day suspension. 70-180 mm f/4.5-5.6 ED AF-D Micro. Bartlett Giamatti suspended him for 30 days. 200 mm f/4D ED-IF AF Micro. Rose continued to manage the Reds, and on April 30, 1988 he shoved umpire Dave Pallone while arguing a call; National League president A.

        105 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. On November 11, Rose was dropped from the Reds’ 40-man roster to make room for pitcher Pat Pacillo. 60 mm f/2.8D AF Micro. Rose’s final career at-bat was a strikeout against San Diego’s Goose Gossage on August 17, 1986. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S VR DX. On September 11, 1985 Rose broke Cobb’s all-time hit record with his 4,192nd hit, a single to left-center field off San Diego Padres pitcher Eric Show. 55-200 mm f/4-5.6G ED AF-S DX. Rose was traded to the Reds for infielder Tom Lawless on August 15, and was immediately named player-manager, replacing Vern Rapp.

        18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED AF-S DX. On April 13, Rose doubled off of the Phillies’ Jerry Koosman for his 4,000th career hit, joining Ty Cobb to become only the second player to accomplish that feat. 18-70 mm f3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S DX. In 1984 Rose signed a one-year contract with the Montreal Expos. 17-55 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S DX. In five years with Rose, the Phillies earned three division titles, two World Series appearances and one World Series title (1980). 12-24 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S DX. In the 86 years before Rose arrived and 22 years after he departed, the Phillies went to the playoffs just three times.

        10.5 mm f/2.8G ED AF DX. In 1979 Rose became a free agent and signed a four-year, $3.2 million contract with the Philadelphia Phillies, temporarily making him the highest-paid athlete in team sports. 200-400 mm f/4G ED-IF AF-S VR. The 1976 Reds remain the only team since the expansion of the playoffs in 1969 to go undefeated in the postseason. 80-400 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF VR. The 1976 Reds sweept the Phillies 3-0 in the National League Championship Series and the Yankees 4-0 in the World Series. 80-200 mm f/2.8D ED AF. The following year, Rose was a major force in helping the Reds repeat as World Series winners.

        70-200 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. His 1975 performance was considered outstanding enough that he earned the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year and Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year" award. 35-70 mm f/2.8D AF. The influence that Rose's hustling team attitude had on his teammates was very likely a factor in the success of what was called "The Big Red Machine". 28-70 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S. On a team with many great players that is acknowledged by many as one of the greatest teams ever, Rose was viewed as one of the club's leaders (along with future Hall of Famer, first baseman Tony Pérez). 17-35 mm f/2.8 ED-IF AF-S. The competitive Rose was sour after the game, blasting Garber and the Braves for not challenging him with fastballs.

        70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6G AF. Keeler]] at 44 games; but the next day the streak came to end as Gene Garber of the Braves struck Rose out in the ninth inning. 70-300 mm f/4.5-5.6D ED AF. Facing Ron Reed, Rose laid down a perfect bunt single to extend the streak to 32 games. 28-200 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF. But the Reds managed to bat through their entire lineup, giving Rose another chance. 28-105 mm f/3.5-4.5D AF. He ended up walking and the streak appeared over.

        28-100 mm f/3.5-5.6G AF. On July 19 against the Phillies, Rose was hitless going into the ninth with his team trailing. 28-80 mm f/3.3-5.6G AF. The streak started quietly, but by the time it had reached 30 games, the media took notice and a pool of reporters accompanied Rose and the Reds to every game. 24-120 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED-IF AF-S VR. On June 14 in Cincinnati, Rose singled in the first inning off Cubs pitcher Dave Roberts; Rose would proceed to get a hit in every game he played until August 1, making a run at Joe DiMaggio’s record 56-game hitting streak, which had stood unchallenged for 37 years. 24-85 mm f/3.5-4.5G ED-IF AF-S. On May 5, 1978 Rose became the 13th and youngest player in major league history to collect his 3,000th career hit, with a single off Expos pitcher Steve Rogers.

        24-85 mm f/2.8-4D IF AF. During Game Three of the series Rose got into a fight with Mets shortstop Bud Harrelson while trying to break up a double play; the fight resulted in a bench-clearing brawl. 18-200 mm f/3.5-5.6 G ED-IF AF-S VR DX. The Reds ended up losing the National League Championship Series to the Mets despite Rose’s eighth-inning home run to tie Game One and his 12th-inning home run to win Game Four. 18-35 mm f/3.5-4.5D ED-IF AF. In 1973 Rose won his third and final batting title with a .338 average, collected a career-high 230 hits and was named the NL MVP. 600 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Fosse never fully recovered from the injury and he has remained critical of Rose's aggressive maneuver to this day.

        500 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S II. Amos Otis' throw beat Rose to the plate, but Rose barreled over Indians catcher Ray Fosse, separating the catcher's shoulder, to score the winning run. 400 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. The Cubs’ Jim Hickman then singled sharply to center. 300 mm f/4D ED-IF AF-S. In the 12th inning, Rose led off with a single and went to second on a single by the Dodgers' Bill Grabarkewitz. 300 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF-S II. On July 14, 1970, in brand new Riverfront Stadium (opened just two weeks earlier), Rose was involved in one of the most infamous plays in All-Star history.

        300 mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR. Rose and Roberto Clemente were tied for the batting title going into the final game; Rose bunted for a base hit in his last at-bat of the season to beat out Clemente. 200 mm f/2G ED-IF AF-S VR. But the Reds finished four games out of first, and Pete lost the MVP to Willie McCovey. 180 mm f/2.8D ED-IF AF. He drove in 82 runs, slugged .512 (by far the highest mark of his long career), and had a .432 OBP (also a career best). 135 mm f/2D AF DC. He hit 33 doubles, 11 triples, and a career-best 16 homers.

        105 mm f/2D AF DC. As the team's leadoff man he was a catalyst, rapping 218 hits and walking 88 times. 85 mm f/1.8D AF. Rose had his best offensive season in 1969, leading the league in batting for the second straight season (.348) and leading the league in runs with 120. 85 mm f/1.4D AF. He had to finish the season 6-for-9 to beat out Matty Alou and win the first of two close NL batting-title races. 50 mm f/1.8D AF. In 1968, Rose started the season with a 22-game hit streak, missed three weeks (including the All-Star Game) with a broken thumb, then had a 19-game hit streak late in the season.

        50 mm f/1.4D AF. He hit a career-high 16 home runs in 1966, then switched positions from second base to right field the following year. 35 mm f/2D AF. Rose came back in 1965 to lead the league in hits (209) and at-bats (670), and hit .312, the first of his 10 seasons with 200-plus hits and the first of 15 consecutive .300 seasons. 28 mm f/2.8D AF. Rose slumped late in the season, was benched, and finished with just a .269 average. 28 mm f/1.4D AF. On April 23, 1964, in the top of the ninth inning of a scoreless game in Colt Stadium, Rose reached first base on an error and scored on another error to make Houston Colt .45s rookie Ken Johnson the first pitcher to lose a complete game no-hitter.

        24 mm f/2.8D AF. He hit .273 for the year and won the National League Rookie of the Year Award, collecting 17 of 20 votes. 20mm f/2.8D AF. On April 11, Rose – who was 0-for-11 at the time – got his first Major League hit, a triple off Pittsburgh's Bob Friend. 18 mm f/2.8D AF. Rose made his debut on opening day, April 8, 1963 against the Pittsburgh Pirates and drew a walk. 16 mm f/2.8D AF Fisheye. Despite (or perhaps because of) the manner in which Ford intended it, Rose adopted that nickname as a badge of honor.

        14 mm f/2.8D ED AF. During another spring training game against the New York Yankees, Whitey Ford gave him the derisive nickname "Charlie Hustle" after witnessing Rose sprint to first base after drawing a walk. Generally used to refer to manual focus lenses, however all Nikon autofocus lenses with aperture rings are also AI-S. Rose got his chance and made the most of it. AI-S added a tab to the back of the lens which affected metering on certain older cameras. During a spring training game against the Chicago White Sox in 1963, the Reds' regular second baseman, Don Blasingame, pulled a groin muscle. The lens has a notch on the aperture ring that allows the camera to sense the current aperture. Rose's next move was to the Class A Macon, Georgia team, where he hit .330, leading the league in triples and runs scored.

        AI/AI-S - Auto (aperture) Indexing. In 1961 Rose was promoted to the Class D Tampa Tarpons of the Florida State League where he batted .331, set a league record for triples and led the league in fielding errors. DC - Indicates that the lens has controls for adjusting the shape and effect of the out-of-focus elements, also known as bokeh. Rose was signed by the Reds as an amateur free agent on July 8, 1960, and was assigned to the Geneva Redlegs of the New York-Penn League. [6]. By the time Rose had graduated in 1960, he had impressed the Reds enough for them to offer him a $7,000 contract, with $500 more if he made it all the way to the major leagues and managed to stay there for a full year. These lenses are all auto focus zoom lenses and are not compatible with other bodies. Barred from his high school team because of his poor performance in class, he got onto a Dayton amateur club instead and batted .500 against grown men.

        IX - Lenses optimised for use with the Pronea Advanced Photo System SLR. His father vetoed that idea: it was better for his son to repeat a year of school, Harry Rose said, than miss a season playing ball. These include the shift-only 28mm and 35mm PC nikkors, and the tilt/shift 85mm f/2.8D PC Micro Nikkor. Rose paid so little attention to his studies in ninth grade that his teacher decreed he would have to attend summer school or be held back. Lens has the ability to shift and/or tilt the lens to correct perspective and adjust depth of field. He played both baseball and football at Western Hills High School. PC - Perspective Control. His father, who played semiprofessional football, was the biggest influence on Rose and his sports career.

        Micro - Indicates that the lens is capable of macro photography - subjects which appear as large or larger than they are at the film plane, not necessarily at close distances, such as with the 200mm Micro-Nikkor. Rose grew up in a working class area of nearby Anderson Ferry, Ohio as one of four children to Harry and LaVerne Rose, and was encouraged as a young boy to participate in sports. It has the same characteristics with the D lens. . Since the body needs to control the lens aperture, these type lenses only work with automatic bodies.
        . G - Indicated after the f-number, and tells that the lens does not have an aperture ring, but instead that aperture value is controlled by the body. The issue of his possible reinstatement and election to the Hall remains a contentious one throughout baseball.

        The lens carries the information of the distance between the camera and the subject. After the initial ban the Baseball Hall of Fame had specified that individuals who are banned from the sport are ineligible for induction; those who were banned had previously been excluded by informal agreement among voters. It means that the lens is capable using of Nikon's RGB Matrix Metering. After years of public denial, in 2004 he admitted the accusations were true. Indicated after the f-stop number. In August 1989, three years after he retired as an active player, Rose agreed to a lifetime ban from baseball amidst accusations that he gambled on baseball games while playing for and managing the Reds; this included betting on the Reds but not against them. D - Distance/Dimension. He won three World Series rings, three batting titles, one Most Valuable Player Award, two Gold Gloves, the Rookie of the Year Award, and made 18 All-Star appearances at an unequalled four different positions (2B, OF, 3B, 1B).

        Equivalent to Canon's IS (Image Stabilizer) and Minolta's AS (Anti-shake, although this is embedded into the body of the camera). Rose, a switch hitter, is the all-time major league leader in hits (4256), games played (3562) and at bats (14,053). Some VR lenses also support panning shot mode, detecting the horizontal movement of the lens and minimizing the vertical vibration. Peter Edward "Pete" Rose Sr. (born April 14, 1941 in Cincinnati, Ohio), nicknamed Charlie Hustle, is an American former player and manager in Major League Baseball who played from 1963 to 1986, best known for his many years with the Cincinnati Reds. Uses special VR lens unit to reduce camera shake evident in photographs. WWE Hall of Fame inductee (2004). VR - Vibration Reduction. The Sporting News Player of the Decade (1970s).

        Although use with 35mm cameras is generally not advised, some DX Nikkor lenses can actually cover the full 35mm frame at some focal length settings. The Sporting News Sportsman of the Year (1985). A circular image is produced if used with a 35mm camera. The Sporting News Player of the Year (1968). DX - Lens designed for Nikon's DX format sensors; the image circle is reduced in size by 1.5× to fit the smaller sensor in Nikon's digital SLRs. Roberto Clemente Award (1976). Focussing moves only internal lenses, meaning that the lens does not change in length during focussing. Two Gold Glove Awards (1969 and 1970, both as an outfielder).

        IF - Internal Focus. World Series MVP Award (1975). More recently, Super ED glass has been introduced. Three World Series rings (1975, 1976, 1980). Reduces chromatic aberration. 18 All-Star selections. ED - Extra-low Dispersion glass. NL Rookie of the Year Award (1963).

        Replaced with AF-S starting in 1996. NL MVP Award (1973). Used only in long telephoto lenses (300mm f/2.8 thru 600mm f/4.0) starting in 1992. Modern record for most consecutive game hitting streaks of 20 or more games - 7. AF-I - Autofocus- Internal Coreless DC motor. Modern (post-1900) record for longest consecutive game hitting streak - 44. First introduced in 1996. Most career games with 5 or more hits - 10.

        Uses SWM, Silent Wave Motor, to focus quietly and faster; similar to Canon's USM, Ultrasonic Motor technology. Most career doubles - 746. AF-S - Autofocus-Silent. Most career runs - 2,165. AF - Autofocus. Most consecutive years played - 24. Nikon D2Hs. Most years played - 24.

        Nikon D2X. National League records:

          . Nikon D2H. Only player in major league history to play more than 500 games at five different positions - 1B (939), LF (671), 3B (634), 2B (628), RF (595). Nikon D70s. Record for playing in the most winning games - 1,972. Nikon D70. Most seasons with 100 or more games played - 23.

          Nikon D50. Most seasons with 150 or more games played - 17. Nikon D200. Most seasons with 600 or more at bats - 17. Nikon D100. Most consecutive seasons of 100 or more hits - 23. Nikon D1X. Most seasons of 200 or more hits - 10.

          Nikon D1H. Most career total bases by a switch hitter - 5,752. Nikon D1. Most career singles - 3,315. Nikon Coolpix series. Most career at bats - 14,053. Nikonos line of underwater cameras. Most career games played - 3,562.

          Nikon S3M (1960). Most career hits - 4,256. Nikon S4 (1959). Major League records:

            . Nikon S3 (1958). As a result, several of the Hall-of-Famers themselves, Bob Feller in particular, have expressed adamant opposition to adding Rose to their list. Nikon SP (1957). It has been said that America is a forgiving nation, but the forgiveness must be preceded by confession and repentance, and while Rose has now confessed, he gives the impression that he is sorry only that he was caught and punished, not for what he did to get there.

            Nikon S2 (1954). Had he, from the beginning, admitted what he'd done, apologized, and asked MLB and baseball fans for forgiveness, it's likely he would have been given a lesser penalty, or perhaps reinstated after a few years. Nikon S (1951). Rose lied about his actions for 15 years. Nikon M (1949). 1. Nikon I (1948). The quantity and quality of the evidence it provides is overwhelming, and proves Rose's guilt beyond reasonable doubt.

            Nikon Pronea 600i also known as the Pronea 6i (1996) [5]. The Dowd Report. Nikon Pronea S (1997) [4]. 2. Nikon F6. Vincent's successor, Bud Selig, also a friend of Giamatti's, has said he won't change his mind, either. Nikon F5. Giamatti's friend, deputy and successor as Commissioner, Fay Vincent, still says he would keep the ban if it was his choice.

            Nikon F4. But with Giamatti dying just a week after handing down the decision, MLB decided that one way to honor his memory was to make the Rose ban permanent. Nikon F100. Had he lived, Rose would have been able to petition him, rather than his successors, for reinstatement. as the N80). The death of Commissioner Bart Giamatti. Nikon F80 (known in the U.S. 3.

            as the N75). It's out of MLB's hands. Nikon F75 (known in the U.S. If the Hall changed its mind and said that Rose, Shoeless Joe or anyone else on the list was now eligible for induction, there's nothing MLB or its Commissioner could do about it, short of lobbying the voters to vote against Rose and/or Jackson. as the N65). The Hall's Board of Directors chose to make ineligible for induction any person on MLB's "permanently ineligible" list. Nikon F65 (known in the U.S. It decides who shall be permitted in and not.

            as the N55). The Hall of Fame. Nikon F55 (known in the U.S. 4. as the N90s). While ESPN also did a "You Can't Blame" trying to let Jackson and the other "Black Sox" off the hook for throwing the Series, they did not take a stand on whether Jackson, more than half a century after his death, had suffered enough and should be in the Hall. Nikon F90x (known in the U.S. He bet on baseball anyway—and on his own team at that.

              .

              as the N90). And, as a baseball historian, particularly aware of Ty Cobb and his contemporaries (and Cobb was a friend and admirer of Jackson), Rose knew full well the consequences of Jackson's actions. Nikon F90 (known in the U.S. The rule was clear, Rose knew it as well as anyone else, and broke it anyway. as the N8008s). In addition, because of the Black Sox Scandal, the rules against betting on baseball and consorting with gamblers are posted in every professional baseball clubhouse, where it is seen (if not read) every day by every person who comes in. Nikon F801S (known in the U.S. If he's not eligible for induction, the reasoning goes, Rose shouldn't be, either.

              as the N8008). For this reason, he has never been elected to the Hall of Fame. Nikon F801 (known in the U.S. Whether he actually did make plays to cause his team, the Chicago White Sox, lose the 1919 World Series or not, he accepted money from gamblers to do so. as the N6006). Shoeless Joe Jackson. Nikon F601 (known in the U.S. 5.

              Nikon F501 (known in North America as the N2020). as the N5005). Nikon F401X (known in the U.S. as the N4004s).

              Nikon F401S (known in theU.S. as the N4004). Nikon F401 (known in the U.S. as the N70).

              Nikon F70 (known in the U.S. as the N60). Nikon F60 (known in the U.S. as the N50).

              Nikon F50 (known in the U.S. Nikon F301 (known in North America as the N2000). Nikon EM. Nikon EL2.

              Nikkorex series. Nikkormat series (known in Japan as Nikomat). Nikon F3 series. Nikon F2 series.

              Nikon F series (known in Germany as Nikkor). Nikon FM2. Nikon FM. Nikon FG20.

              Nikon FG. Nikon FE2. Nikon FE. Nikon FA.

              Nikon FE10. Nikon FM10. Nikon FM3A. JP Morgan Chase Oppenheimer Funds (1.7%).

              (1.8%). The Joyo Bank, Ltd. Nippon Life Insurance Company (2.4%). The Mitsubishi Trust and Banking Corporation (2.5%).

              State Street Bank and Trust Company (2.7 %). (2.7%). Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co., Ltd. Japan Trustee Services Bank, Ltd.(2.9%).

              (3.3%). The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd. Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company (5.6%). (8.5%).

              The Master Trust Bank of Japan, Ltd.

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