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Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Nickname: "The City of Festivals", "The Genuine American City", "Cream City", "Brewtown/Brew City"
Motto: "'"
Official website: http://www.city.milwaukee.gov
Location


Location of Milwaukee in
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin

Government
County Milwaukee
Mayor Tom Barrett
Geographical characteristics
Area
Total 251.0 km²
Land 248.8 km²
Water 2.2 km²
Population
Total (2000) 596,974
Metro area 1,709,926
Density 2399.5/km²
Density {{{population_density_mi2}}}/mi²
Latitude {{{latitude}}}
Longitude {{{longitude}}}
Coordinates 43°03′00″ N
87°57′00″ W
Elevation m
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin, United States and the county of Milwaukee. The city's population is 592,765 (2005 estimate) with an estimated total of 1,709,926 in the Milwaukee metropolitan area (2005). The city of Milwaukee is the 22nd largest city in the United States. The city is located in the southeastern portion of the state on the western shore of Lake Michigan.

History

The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Fox, Mascouten, Potawatomi, and Winnebago Indian tribes. Milwaukee received its name from the Indian word Millioke which means "The Good Land", or "gathering place by the water." French missionaries and traders passed through the area in the late 1600s and 1700s.

In 1818, Frenchman Solomon Juneau settled in the area. Juneau bought out his father-in-law's trading business, and in 1833 he founded a town on the east side of the Milwaukee River. In 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring rival towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee: Kilbourntown to the west, which was founded by Byron Kilbourn, and Walker's Point to the south, founded by George H. Walker. Juneau was Milwaukee's first mayor. German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s and the following decades. Milwaukee still today has a large German-American population. The liberal tradition of these peoples led to decades of socialist government in Milwaukee during the twentieth century.

From the late 19th century until the 1950s, Milwaukee, like many northern industrial cities, saw tremendous growth from immigrants from Germany, Hungary, Poland and other central European nations, as well as the northward migration of African-Americans from southern U.S. states. This helped make Milwaukee one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. Starting in the late 1960s, however, like many cities in the Great Lakes "rust belt," Milwaukee saw its population start to decline due to various factors, ranging from the loss of blue collar jobs to the phenomenon of "white flight." However, in recent years, the city began to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Third Ward, east side,and more recently, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. While the city still faces a shrinking population[1], it continues to make plans for increasing its future revitalization through various projects.

Geography and climate

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 square miles). 248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land and 2.2 km² (0.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.88% water.

Cityscape

Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic and the Milwaukee. It is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange.

View of the Milwaukee River from downtown.

Climate

Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form mid-afternoon, resulting in the so-called lake effect, causing the temperatures to be warmer in the winter, and cooler in the summer ("cooler by the lake" is practically boilerplate language for local meteorologists during the summer). Also, the relative humidity in the summer is far higher than that of comparable cities at the same latitude, meaning that it feels hotter than it really is.

Milwaukee's all-time record high temperature is 105°F (41°C) set on July 17, 1995. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26°F (-32°C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16km) to the north of Milwaukee, although the city itself did not approach such cold temperatures.

Demographics

In the 2000 census, over a third (38 percent) of Milwaukeeans reported that they were of German descent. Other large population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), and Hispanic origin totaled 6.3%.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 596,974 people, 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). The racial makeup of the city is 49.98% White, 37.34% African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.94% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.10% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. 12.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 232,188 households out of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25.

In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 31 years. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Transportation

Milwaukee uses the Interstate Highways for its main transportation. I-94 comes up from Chicago to enter Milwaukee continues to Madison I-43 also enters Milwaukee from the south and continues to Green Bay where it ends. Milwaukee also has many internal freeways as well. Residents may also use the Milwaukee County Transit System to get around the city as well as the county via the bus.

Economy

Although most people associate Milwaukee with beer, today companies like Miller Brewing employ less than one percent of the city's workers. Milwaukee's reputation as a blue collar town is more accurate, however, with 22 percent of the workforce involved in manufacturing — second only to San Jose, CA and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and healthcare makes up 27% of all service jobs in the city.

Milwaukee is headquarters to six Fortune 1000 manufacturers and six Fortune 1000 service companies. Among these are Briggs & Stratton, Harley-Davidson, Johnson Controls, Manpower Inc., Marshall & Ilsley, Northwestern Mutual, Rockwell Automation, Roundy's Supermarkets, Metavante, Kohl's, and Wisconsin Energy. The Milwaukee area ranked number five in the nation when measuring the number of Fortune 500 companies as a share of the population, just behind the number four Minneapolis-St. Paul region. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a disproportionate number of publishing and printing companies.

Culture and sports

Culture

The Milwaukee Art Museum

Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction is the Milwaukee Art Museum, especially its new $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission. The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that quite literally unfolds like the wing of a bird. The Milwaukee Public Museum, Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory and Milwaukee County Zoo are also notable public attractions.

Milwaukee is home to the Florentine Opera, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the Milwaukee Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theatre, Skylight Opera Theatre, First Stage Children's Theater,Milwaukee Youth Theatre, and a number of other arts organizations. Additionally, Milwaukee is home to artistic performance venues such as the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts, Pabst Theatre, Riverside Theatre, and Milwaukee Theatre. The Milwaukee Youth Arts Center, a first-of-its-kind Arts-in-education facility, is a national model.

Milwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" and "Genuine American," has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," emphasizing an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 900,000 visitors a year to its twelve stages. Smaller festivals througout the year celebrate the city's German, Native American, African-American, Italian, Irish, Asian, Arab, and Polish heritage.

Due in large part to its brewery history, the city has been called "the nation's watering hole" with more bars per capita than any other large city in the country (one bar for every 1600 people or approximately 375 bars, four bars for every square mile). Along the same lines, the tradition of tailgating (for almost any event, but especially Brewers games), where copious amounts of beer and other potent potables are ceremoniously consumed, is deeply engrained in culture of the city and its residents both young and old.

Although Milwaukee isn't known historically as a club scene music mecca, it does have a vibrant history of rock, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, goth and pop music bands. A range of musicians have called Milwaukee home, including Hildegarde, Woody Herman, Liberace, blues giant Hubert Sumlin, the BoDeans, Violent Femmes, Citizen King, The Gufs, The Promise Ring, Oil Tasters, Die Kruezen, Boy Dirt Car, Shiverhead, among others. Local hip-hop action includes acts like Rusty Ps and Black Elephant. Coo Coo Cal gave Milwaukee a national foothold in the hip-hop market with his hit single "My Projects". Beer City Skateboards is not only a skateboard company, but a punk rock label as well, home to DRI and Millions of Dead Cops. Venues such as Pabst Theater and The Rave bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee every day.

Milwaukee is also home to a vibrant club scene booking regular international DJs such as Richie Hawtin, LTJ Bukem, Mark Farina, Derrick Carter and others. Milwaukee was home to a vibrant rave scene in the early Nineties, especially fostering hardcore techno, thanks to Drop Bass; but the scene moved south to Chicago after reaction by city authorities. Milwaukee was also an epicenter of the breakcore scene in early 2000s with labels like Addict Records and Zod Records.

Sports

It is also home to a number of professional sports teams including:

The Milwaukee Mile auto racing facility, the oldest active auto race track in the United States, is located on the Wisconsin State Fair Grounds in West Allis. The Mile is not far from the Pettit National Ice Center, a U.S. Olympic Team training facility for speed skating.

Previous sports teams to play in Milwaukee have included:

In addition, the Green Bay Packers played a portion of their home schedule in Milwaukee from 1933 through 1994:

The 1939 Championship between the Packers and the New York Giants was played at State Fair Park. The Packers won, 27-0.

To this day, the Packers maintain two separate season ticket plans, reflecting their time in Milwaukee: the Gold package, made up primarily of former Milwaukee season ticket holders, have a three-game package consisting of the annual Midwest Shrine preseason contest plus the second and fifth regular-season home games each year, and the Green package (made up of original Green Bay ticket holders) attend the annual Bishop's Charities preseason game and the remaining six regular-season contests.

Education

Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools, the largest school district in Wisconsin. As of 2006, it has an enrolment of 95,600 students and employs 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools.

Colleges and universities

High schools

Media

Newspapers serving Milwaukee include:

Broadcast media:

Airports

Colloquialisms


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Broadcast media:. Incomplete listing. Newspapers serving Milwaukee include:. The sport is governed world wide by the FIM, with federations in many nations. As of 2006, it has an enrolment of 95,600 students and employs 6,100 full-time and substitute teachers in 223 schools. There are also classes for kids such as the 85cc class. Milwaukee maintains Milwaukee Public Schools, the largest school district in Wisconsin. Supermoto races may take place at modified go-kart tracks, road racing tracks, or even street racing tracks.

To this day, the Packers maintain two separate season ticket plans, reflecting their time in Milwaukee: the Gold package, made up primarily of former Milwaukee season ticket holders, have a three-game package consisting of the annual Midwest Shrine preseason contest plus the second and fifth regular-season home games each year, and the Green package (made up of original Green Bay ticket holders) attend the annual Bishop's Charities preseason game and the remaining six regular-season contests. For special events, the Supermoto track may incorporate metal ramps for jumps that can be disassembled and taken to other locations. The Packers won, 27-0. Some tracks for these race events have jumps, berms, and whoop-dee-doos just like true motocross tracks. The 1939 Championship between the Packers and the New York Giants was played at State Fair Park. Supermoto is a recent invention involving racing Motocross bikes on a part concrete, part off road track, with "road" tires instead of off road tires. In addition, the Green Bay Packers played a portion of their home schedule in Milwaukee from 1933 through 1994:. [citation needed].

Previous sports teams to play in Milwaukee have included:. Since 1998 this type of sport has spread all over the world. Olympic Team training facility for speed skating. This type of minibiking is now called freestyle minibike riding. The Mile is not far from the Pettit National Ice Center, a U.S. In 1998 Australian minibike riders Jonathan Byrne and Nicholas Stephenson revolutionised the sport by launching them from a up ramp to a down ramp while copying the mid air monuvers done on a large bike in freestyle motocross. The Milwaukee Mile auto racing facility, the oldest active auto race track in the United States, is located on the Wisconsin State Fair Grounds in West Allis. These inexpensive minibikes designed for small children are often transformed for adult use by adding taller handle bars and by improving the suspension.

It is also home to a number of professional sports teams including:. The latest craze is adult racing on miniature (50cc) motorcycles called a minibike. Milwaukee was also an epicenter of the breakcore scene in early 2000s with labels like Addict Records and Zod Records. Prior to this, the backflip 360, or off-axis backflip, was widely considered the most challenging stunt. Milwaukee was home to a vibrant rave scene in the early Nineties, especially fostering hardcore techno, thanks to Drop Bass; but the scene moved south to Chicago after reaction by city authorities. This stunt, also called the Carolla, was first performed by Chuck Carothers at the 2004 X Games. Milwaukee is also home to a vibrant club scene booking regular international DJs such as Richie Hawtin, LTJ Bukem, Mark Farina, Derrick Carter and others. Some consider the body varial 360 as the most difficult stunt being performed at this time.

Venues such as Pabst Theater and The Rave bring internationally-known and critically acclaimed acts to Milwaukee every day. One stunt performed is the backflip, which was first performed successfully on a large bike by Caleb Wyatt. Beer City Skateboards is not only a skateboard company, but a punk rock label as well, home to DRI and Millions of Dead Cops. The riders are scored on style, level of trick difficulty, best use of the course, and frequently crowd reactions as well. Coo Coo Cal gave Milwaukee a national foothold in the hip-hop market with his hit single "My Projects". The winner is chosen by a group of judges. Local hip-hop action includes acts like Rusty Ps and Black Elephant. Freestyle motocross (FMX), a relatively new sport, is not racing and instead concentrates on performing acrobatic stunts while jumping motocross bikes.

A range of musicians have called Milwaukee home, including Hildegarde, Woody Herman, Liberace, blues giant Hubert Sumlin, the BoDeans, Violent Femmes, Citizen King, The Gufs, The Promise Ring, Oil Tasters, Die Kruezen, Boy Dirt Car, Shiverhead, among others. Fourstrokes are getting more common, usually KTM(Austria). Although Milwaukee isn't known historically as a club scene music mecca, it does have a vibrant history of rock, blues, punk, ska, industrial music, goth and pop music bands. Ordinary engines can be used, but size matters and two engines purpose built for sidecars exist, Zabel (Germany) and MTH (Austria) are most common. Along the same lines, the tradition of tailgating (for almost any event, but especially Brewers games), where copious amounts of beer and other potent potables are ceremoniously consumed, is deeply engrained in culture of the city and its residents both young and old. The major frame builders today (2004) are VMC, BSU, AYR, EML and Woodenleg. Due in large part to its brewery history, the city has been called "the nation's watering hole" with more bars per capita than any other large city in the country (one bar for every 1600 people or approximately 375 bars, four bars for every square mile). This name comes from the early sidecars where the platform looked like a real road-sidecar and not today's platform.

Smaller festivals througout the year celebrate the city's German, Native American, African-American, Italian, Irish, Asian, Arab, and Polish heritage. This is reflected in most in the Swedish term for passenger- "burkslav", roughly translated as trunk/body/barrel-slave. Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest music festival in the world, Summerfest attracts around 900,000 visitors a year to its twelve stages. It is very physically demanding, especially for the passenger. Milwaukee, "A Great Place on a Great Lake" and "Genuine American," has also advertised itself as the "City of Festivals," emphasizing an annual lakefront fair called Summerfest. It’s driven on ordinary crosstracks. The Milwaukee Youth Arts Center, a first-of-its-kind Arts-in-education facility, is a national model. The passenger balances the bike by being a counterweight, especially in corners and on jumps.

Additionally, Milwaukee is home to artistic performance venues such as the Marcus Center for the Performing Arts, Pabst Theatre, Riverside Theatre, and Milwaukee Theatre. The side of the "chair" (slang for the platform) usually follows the side of the road the nation in question drives upon, but not always. Milwaukee is home to the Florentine Opera, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the Milwaukee Ballet, Milwaukee Repertory Theatre, Skylight Opera Theatre, First Stage Children's Theater,Milwaukee Youth Theatre, and a number of other arts organizations. Motocross sidecars are purpose built frames that resemble an ordinary motocross-cycle with a flat platform to stand on attached to either side and a handlebar at waist height to hold on to. The Milwaukee Public Museum, Mitchell Park Horticultural Conservatory and Milwaukee County Zoo are also notable public attractions. This variant is common in Europe, with a few followers in USA, New Zealand and Australia. The museum includes a "brise soleil," a moving sunscreen that quite literally unfolds like the wing of a bird. Sidecar racing, known as Sidecarcross has been around since the 50’s but has declined in popularity since the 90’s.

Milwaukee's most visually prominent cultural attraction is the Milwaukee Art Museum, especially its new $100 million wing designed by Santiago Calatrava in his first American commission. Many feel that 2006 will be the biggest yet as the nationals continue to grow and many local AMA districts are offering "quad-only" race weekends. Milwaukee also has a large number of financial service firms, particularly those specializing in mutual funds and transaction processing systems, and a disproportionate number of publishing and printing companies. In 2005, local tracks mirrored the national tracks as more and more racers were bringing ATVs to race thanks to raceable models. Paul region. The swingarm was made of steel, too. The Milwaukee area ranked number five in the nation when measuring the number of Fortune 500 companies as a share of the population, just behind the number four Minneapolis-St. The rear tires with 18-inch tires just like motocrossers sport.

Among these are Briggs & Stratton, Harley-Davidson, Johnson Controls, Manpower Inc., Marshall & Ilsley, Northwestern Mutual, Rockwell Automation, Roundy's Supermarkets, Metavante, Kohl's, and Wisconsin Energy. The front end had high-end shocks with 10 inches of travel and a width approaching 50 inches. Milwaukee is headquarters to six Fortune 1000 manufacturers and six Fortune 1000 service companies. It featured electronic fuel injection, a high-performance four-stroke engine and a chassis that could be competitive in stock form. Service and managerial jobs are the fastest growing segments of the Milwaukee economy, and healthcare makes up 27% of all service jobs in the city. This sport ATV was the most motocross-ready ATV ever produced. Milwaukee's reputation as a blue collar town is more accurate, however, with 22 percent of the workforce involved in manufacturing — second only to San Jose, CA and far higher than the national average of 16.5%. In the summer of 2005, Suzuki announced it was going to produce the 2006 LT-R450.

Although most people associate Milwaukee with beer, today companies like Miller Brewing employ less than one percent of the city's workers. With that support on the track also meant support in the dealerships in the way of new, updated machines. Residents may also use the Milwaukee County Transit System to get around the city as well as the county via the bus. The 2005 season proved that the factories were willing to support ATV racing as they never had before. Milwaukee also has many internal freeways as well. That year it was Honda winning the championship with support rider John Natalie taking the motocross championship. I-94 comes up from Chicago to enter Milwaukee continues to Madison I-43 also enters Milwaukee from the south and continues to Green Bay where it ends. The 2005 season saw more factory support and Suzuki fielding two racers, Gust and Jeremiah Jones, out of the Yoshimura/Suzuki semi.

Milwaukee uses the Interstate Highways for its main transportation. The moved proved to be a successful one for Suzuki as Doug Gust walked away with the national motocross championship, and in the process winning six overalls in a row. Out of the total population, 31.6% of those under the age of 18 and 11.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. This represented the first time since around 1986 that any manufacturer was offering factory support for ATV racing. 21.3% of the population and 17.4% of families are below the poverty line. Suzuki announced it was going to hire Doug Gust as its motocross pilot, Honda was hiring Tim Farr as its factory racer and Yamaha was going to offer support Kory Ellis in limited fashion for the season. The per capita income for the city is $16,181. The 2004 national motocross season was one of the most anticipated in 15 years.

Males have a median income of $32,244 versus $26,013 for females. The tide was turning for the high-performance race ATV market. The median income for a household in the city is $32,216, and the median income for a family is $37,879. After the Yamaha announcement, Honda announced it was going to bring the TRX450R to market in 2004. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 87.2 males. The ATV also came stock with fully adjustable front suspension, the first time this was available on a stock ATV. For every 100 females there are 91.6 males. While it wasn't as wide as many wanted for motocross and didn't have long-travel suspension, it featured a four-stroke engine very similar to the motocross dirt bikes Yamaha was putting out.

The median age is 31 years. This ATV represented the first time a major manufacturer built a high-performance sport ATV suited for racing. In the city the population is spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older. Late in the 2003, Yamaha announced the YFZ450 for the 2004 model year. The average household size is 2.50 and the average family size is 3.25. Jones' championship would be the last Pro-class championship on a two-stroke. 33.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. Doug Gust won the Pro Production class while Jeremiah Jones won the Pro class.

There are 232,188 households out of which 30.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% are married couples living together, 21.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% are non-families. Tim Farr, in a move that raised eyebrows, raced only the Pro Production class. 12.00% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Many Pro racers raced both classes, but the premier class was still the Pro class. The racial makeup of the city is 49.98% White, 37.34% African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.94% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.10% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. The traditional Pro class still allowed two-strokes and hybrids. There are 249,225 housing units at an average density of 1,001.7/km² (2,594.4 per square mile). That same year, the ATVA instituted a Pro Production class at the motocross nationals in order to showcase "stock" ATVs.

The population density is 2,399.5/km² (6,214.3 per square mile). In 2003 Suzuki released the LT-Z400 that featured a liquid-cooled four-stroke powerplant. As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 596,974 people, 232,188 households, and 135,133 families residing in the city. The Cannondale story was a short one as the company declared bankruptcy shortly after 2002. Other large population groups include Polish (12.7%), Irish (10%), English (5.1%), Italian (4.4%), French (3.9%), and Hispanic origin totaled 6.3%. In 2001, Cannondale entered the ATV market and even fielded an ATV racing team in partnership with Nac's Racing the following year. In the 2000 census, over a third (38 percent) of Milwaukeeans reported that they were of German descent. While it wasn't as powerful as the hybrids racing on the tracks, it was a positive step.

The 1982 event, also known as Cold Sunday, featured temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C) in some of the suburbs as little as 10 miles (16km) to the north of Milwaukee, although the city itself did not approach such cold temperatures. The manufacturers started paying closer attention to the sport ATV market, and in 1999 Honda released the four-stroke TRX400EX. The coldest temperature ever experienced by the city was -26°F (-32°C) on both January 17, 1982 and February 4, 1996. Soon hybrid machines were all over the tracks. Milwaukee's all-time record high temperature is 105°F (41°C) set on July 17, 1995. The era of the four-stroke hybrid race ATV was born when Harold Goodman piloted a custom-built YZ400F to a national Four-Stroke Pro-Am championship. Also, the relative humidity in the summer is far higher than that of comparable cities at the same latitude, meaning that it feels hotter than it really is. In the late 90s, rules were changed to allow racers to use dirt bike engines in ATV frames.

Milwaukee's proximity to Lake Michigan causes a convection current to form mid-afternoon, resulting in the so-called lake effect, causing the temperatures to be warmer in the winter, and cooler in the summer ("cooler by the lake" is practically boilerplate language for local meteorologists during the summer). However, in order to be competitive on the motocross track, it was necessary to spend upwards of $20,000 on the race ATV. It is crossed by Interstate 43 and Interstate 94, which come together downtown at the Marquette Interchange. Suspension companies like PEP and Custom Axis, combined with long-travel A-arms and rear suspension links smoothed out rough tracks and harsh landings. Milwaukee lies along the shores and bluffs of Lake Michigan at the confluence of three rivers: the Menomonee, the Kinnickinnic and the Milwaukee. Suspension upgrades made it possible for ATVs to hit jumps never thought possible. The total area is 0.88% water. Companies like Curtis Sparks Racing Engines, Baldwin Motorsports and Hinson Racing made it so the only stock component of the 250R engine were the left and right engine cases.

248.8 km² (96.1 square miles) of it is land and 2.2 km² (0.9 mi²) of it is water. Again, the aftermarket helped racers get all they could out of the dated engine. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 251.0 km² (96.9 square miles). The engine that kept racing alive was the Honda TRX250R engine that was manufactured from 1986 to 1989. While the city still faces a shrinking population[1], it continues to make plans for increasing its future revitalization through various projects. Racers would build expensive, custom ATVs with parts from major aftermarket manufacturers like Laeger's, Walsh Race Craft and Lonestar Racing. Starting in the late 1960s, however, like many cities in the Great Lakes "rust belt," Milwaukee saw its population start to decline due to various factors, ranging from the loss of blue collar jobs to the phenomenon of "white flight." However, in recent years, the city began to make strides in improving its economy, neighborhoods, and image, resulting in the revitalization of neighborhoods such as the Third Ward, east side,and more recently, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area. Throughout the late 1980s and all during the 1990s, aftermarket companies kept the sport alive, but barely.

This helped make Milwaukee one of the 15 largest cities in the nation, and by the mid-1960s, its population reached nearly 750,000. ATV motocross floundered after Honda, Kawasaki, Suzuki and Yamaha dropped ATV-racing support in the mid 1980s due to the bad publicity of the vehicles. states. Before we can talk about the current state of ATV motocross, we must understand the past. From the late 19th century until the 1950s, Milwaukee, like many northern industrial cities, saw tremendous growth from immigrants from Germany, Hungary, Poland and other central European nations, as well as the northward migration of African-Americans from southern U.S. This was a direct result of the major ATV manufacturers getting involved in the sport. The liberal tradition of these peoples led to decades of socialist government in Milwaukee during the twentieth century. Starting in the year 2002, ATV motocross started to see a dramatic increase in participation across the United States.

Milwaukee still today has a large German-American population. Interview with Brad Lackey, World Motocross Champion and one of the test's participants appeared in Racer X Illustrated in 2004 and is recounted here). German immigrants helped increase the city's population during the 1840s and the following decades. (original article appeared in DirtBike magazine in 1980. Juneau was Milwaukee's first mayor. The cardiac stress and strength test results compiled there revealed that the motocross subjects had as high of a fitness level as than any other discipline tested. Walker. Athletes from track, American football and soccer were tested, among others.

In 1846, Juneau's town combined with two neighboring rival towns to incorporate as the City of Milwaukee: Kilbourntown to the west, which was founded by Byron Kilbourn, and Walker's Point to the south, founded by George H. The National Sport Health Institute in Englewood, California tested several professional motocross racers in the early 1980s as part of a comparative study of the cardio-vascular fitness of athletes from various disciplines. Juneau bought out his father-in-law's trading business, and in 1833 he founded a town on the east side of the Milwaukee River. [citation needed]. In 1818, Frenchman Solomon Juneau settled in the area. At least not if a rider expects to win. Milwaukee received its name from the Indian word Millioke which means "The Good Land", or "gathering place by the water." French missionaries and traders passed through the area in the late 1600s and 1700s. And there are no pauses, breaks or pit stops.

The Milwaukee area was originally inhabited by the Fox, Mascouten, Potawatomi, and Winnebago Indian tribes. That represents half of an hour in which the faster the rider goes, the more violently and frequently he or she is punished. . Finally, a typical professional moto (heat race) lasts at least thirty minutes. The city is located in the southeastern portion of the state on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The G forces produced test the absolute limits of a rider's strength and endurance. The city of Milwaukee is the 22nd largest city in the United States. A rider's arms and legs are in constant motion during a race, fighting for control of the motorcycle and absorbing the energy produced by high-speed landings from heights that often exceed twenty feet or from two-foot high stutter bumps (called whoops) that jackhammer the motorcycle and the rider.

The city's population is 592,765 (2005 estimate) with an estimated total of 1,709,926 in the Milwaukee metropolitan area (2005). The rider is astride a machine weighing at least two hundred pounds and, at the most elite professional level, has an engine that produces at least fifty horsepower. Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin, United States and the county of Milwaukee. He or she must maintain ultra-precise control of a machine traversing terrain that most people would have difficulty walking across while maintaining as high of a rate of speed as possible.
Location of Milwaukee in
Milwaukee County, Wisconsin. Observing in detail a rider's actions while at speed on the track reveals why. Some Milwaukeeans use the unique expression "ainahey", short for "ain't it, hey?" to reaffirm something obvious, used in the same way as "of course", and similar to the colloquial "don'chaknow", short for "don't you know?". In truth, motocross racing has been found to be one of the most physically demanding sports in existence.

It is also common for people to refer to ATMs as a "Tyme Machine," referring to the name of the dominant debit card in Wisconsin. Those unfamiliar with the sport often assume that the rider is doing nothing more strenuous than steering a motorized vehicle around a field, no more demanding than driving the family car around the block. One well known colloquialism common to Milwaukee and the surrounding area, is the word "bubbler," which refers to a drinking fountain. One of the least understood aspects of motocross racing by non-participants is the extreme level of physical fitness required of competitors. Timmerman Airport. Classes for children as young as 4 years old exist for competition on 50cc machines. Lawrence J. Motocross can be an entry sport for motorsports in general.

General Mitchell International Airport. Recently the sport has evolved with sub disciplines like Supercross and Arenacross (both are indoor motocross), Freestyle (or FMX) (a display of jumping skill rather than racing) and Supermoto (Motocross machines racing on both tarmac and off road). List of Milwaukee area radio stations. Motocross racing is one of the most visually appealing forms of motorsport, with riders performing seemingly death-defying leaps, turns visibly at the edge of traction (as indicated by a sliding, spinning rear tire throwing dirt at all behind it), and the effort of riders clearly visible as they move their bodies around their motorcycles to balance the bikes for maximum speed. List of Milwaukee area television stations. Usually a race consists of two or three motos with the scores combined to determine the overall result. Vital Source Magazine. This competition is called a moto.

UWM Post. The object of the contest is to complete either a defined number of laps (usually three to seven for amateurs, more for professionals) or fixed time period (anything up to 40 minutes) first. The Leader.
See also the List of motorcycle manufacturers. Marquette Tribune. Previous. Shepherd Express. The above five are the major five manufactures in most markets, the manufactures below command little market share (currently - 2005).

MKE (magazine). Current. Milwaukee Magazine. Incomplete list. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. See also Motorcycle - especially the "Construction", "Dirt bike/Trail bike" and "Farm bike" sections. Wisconsin Lutheran High School. Thus, the former 125cc Supercross series is now referred to as AMA Supercross Pro Lites; the 250cc Motocross series is now AMA Motocross Pro; etc.

Washington High School. Due to the increase in popularity and to non-matching displacements of four-stroke and two-stroke motorcycles in the same classes, in the year 2005 the AMA changed the class names from 250cc to Pro, and from 125cc to Pro Lite. Vincent High School. However, the popularity of four-stroke motocross bikes has been steadily increasing. Thomas More. They are very competitive in these classes but need twice the displacement to rival a two-stroke. South Division High School. Currently, 250cc four strokes compete in the 125cc class and 450cc four strokes are used in the 250cc class.

Rufus King High School. Four stroke motocrossers do not compete on a truly level playing field. Riverside University High School. Engine sizes ranges from 50cc right up to 550cc, although bikes with sidecars can have up 1000cc engines. Reagan College Preparatory. Some predict that two-strokes will not be available to buy after 2008, perhaps earlier in states such as California. Pulaski High School. These engines have been developed due to manufacturer's pressure and environmental concerns regarding the increased emissions of two-strokes.

Professional Learning Institute. Although the four-strokes weigh more, they have much more power to back up the weight. Pius XI High School. The highly tuned machines of the professionals are called "factory bikes." The latest trend in motocross motorcycles is towards four-stroke engines. North Division Virtual University High School. Professional riders, however, modify their machines further, both for outright performance and to have the bike's behaviour more in tune with their own preferences. New School for Community Service. Unusual for racing machines, motocross bikes can be purchased in a ready-to-race condition at moderate prices from major motorcycle manufacturers.

Milwaukee School of Languages. This forces the front of the bike lower (and likewise, accelerating the rear wheel causes the front of the bike to rise), allowing the rider to force the bike to a specific position or attitude relative to the ground. Milwaukee School of Entrepreneurship. When the rear wheel is decelerated while the bike is in mid-air, angular momentum is transferred from the wheel to the entire bike. Milwaukee Lutheran High School. A common technique to change the attitude of the bike in air involves the use of the rear brake. Milwaukee High School of the Arts. The gyroscopic effect of the engine along with the wheels makes jumping the "motocross" bike over long distances possible - this effect keeps the bike from rotating through any axis other than the axis of the wheels while in the air.

Metropolitan High School. Sitting further back and accelerating hard over a series of bumps or ("whoops") keeps the front tire from dropping into any large gaps between them and causing you to lose control of the bike. Marquette University High School. Lowering the rider's center of gravity (sitting) greatly increases the ability to go through a turn at higher speeds. Madison University High School. This will affect rotation pitch while jumping and greater traction to the front wheel when necessary on the ground. Rufus King International Baccalaureate High School. This offers the rider greater protection when he or she hits bumps or lands hard and allows the rider to move and distribute his or her weight over the front or rear of the bike.

Juneau Business High School. The saddle (seat) is curiously shaped, in a long banana, to extend from rear of the fuel tank to the rear fender. John Marshall High School. Also the exhaust may be routed carefully so that a fall will not damage the exhaust, nor bend it so that it would obstruct the rear swing arm's travel - something that does happen to road bikes. Hamilton High School. They feature hinged footpegs and levers so that they simply fold rather than bend or snap when the machine is inevitably dropped. Divine Savior Holy Angels High School. They have knobby tires for traction on loose surfaces, a highly absorbent suspension designed to cope with the shock of heavy landings, and short gearing designed for swift acceleration rather than high top speed.

Custer High School. Motocross motorcycles are lightweight and powered by highly tuned two-stroke or four-stroke engines (but usually geared for quick acceleration rather than very high speeds). Bradley (Lynde & Harry) Technology & Trade High School. . Bay View High School. There are two motos in a race and the riders place in those heats are averaged together to get their overall finish. Wisconsin Lutheran College. Races are ran in sessions called motos.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The first three riders that finish first are declared the podium riders because of the first though third positions in the race. Mount Mary College. In each race there is a set number of laps and the first rider to complete the set number of laps is the victor. Milwaukee School of Engineering. Other formats may be determined by laps. Milwaukee Institute of Art and Design. This format is known as 30 minutes plus 2 laps.

Milwaukee Area Technical College. A one-lap-to-go signal is given at the start of the final lap, and the race is completed at the end of that lap. Medical College of Wisconsin. A typical Pro race will run for 30 minutes, then once the leader crosses the finish line that lap, he is given a signal indicating there are two laps remaining. Marquette University. Professional races measaured by time. Cardinal Stritch University. Due to the size of the track, motocross races often include more than 40 racers whereas Supercross races are generally limited to about 25.

Alverno College. It is not unheard of for a Motocross track to be made up entirely of hills and turns with no jumps at all. Milwaukee County Stadium, 1953-1994. Motocross tracks are often quite large and incorporate natural terrain features with very few man made jumps, unlike Supercross, a sport that was originally derived from Motocross and is executed on a smaller track with more extreme man made obstacles. Marquette Stadium, 1952. Motocross is often abbreviated as MX. Wisconsin State Fair Park, 1934-51. The name "motocross" is a contraction derived from the words "Motorcycle" and "Cross Country".

Borchert Field, 1933. Motocross is derived from the French, and was originally called Scrambling when the sport was invented in the UK. Milwaukee Wave United (Outdoor Soccer) 2003 - They only played one season. Motocross is a form of motorcycle or ATV racing held on enclosed off-road circuits and is the widely considered the world's most popular form of motorcycle racing. Milwaukee Rampage (Outdoor Soccer) 1994 - 2002. Sweden - SVEMO. Milwaukee Mustangs (American football—Arena Football League), played at the Bradley Center from 1994 to 2001. South Africa - MSA.

Milwaukee Does (Basketball—Women's Pro Basketball League), played at MECCA Arena from 1978 to 1980. Canada - CMRC / CMA. The Milwaukee Braves won the National League pennant in 1957 and 1958, and won the World Series in 1957. France - FFM. Milwaukee Braves (Baseball—MLB), played at Milwaukee County Stadium from 1953-1965. Ireland - MCUI (covering the whole island). Louis. UK - ACU, with other separate (unconnected) bodies like the AMCA, ORPA, BSMA, and YSMA.

Milwaukee Hawks (Basketball—NBA) played at the Milwaukee Arena from 1951 to 1955 before moving to St. USA - AMA. Milwaukee Brewers (Baseball—Minor League Baseball), member of the American Association from 1902 through 1952, played at Borchert Field. CCM (UK). Milwaukee Badgers (American football—NFL), played from 1922 to 1926. Maico (West Germany). Cellular Arena. Cannondale (USA).

Milwaukee Wave (Indoor Soccer) playing at the U.S. Husqvarna (Italy, ex Sweden). Milwaukee Admirals (Ice hockey) playing at the Bradley Center. Vertemati (Italy). Milwaukee Bucks (Basketball—NBA) playing at the Bradley Center. VOR (Italy). Milwaukee Brewers (Baseball—MLB) playing at Miller Park. TM (Italy).

Average July high/low temperatures: 79°F/62°F (26°C/17°C). Aprilia (Italy). Average January high/low temperatures: 26°F/11°F (-3°C/-12°C). Husaberg (Sweden). KTM (Austria). Yamaha (Japan).

Suzuki (Japan). Kawasaki (Japan). Honda (Japan).

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