This page will contain wikis about Lauryn Hill, as they become available.

Lauryn Hill

Lauryn Hill (born May 26, 1975) is an American hip hop singer, initially establishing her reputation as the most visible and vocal member of The Fugees. She was born in South Orange, New Jersey and began singing and acting at a very young age. Her acting roles included the TV show As the World Turns (as "Kira Johnson" in 1991), and the film Sister Act II: Back in the Habit, the latter of which showcased her vocal abilities. Though the Fugees had originally formed in 1988, Hill's membership was disrupted by her acting and her education at Columbia University. The Fugees' first album, Blunted on Reality, was much-hyped but fell far short of expectations. This was followed by The Score, a multi-platinum selling album that established all three Fugees (Hill, Pras Michel and Wyclef Jean) as international successes.

Hill's other acting work includes the television series "King of the Hill" (as "Arletta the Elevator Operator"), the play "Club 127," and the motion pictures Hav Plenty (1997) and Restaurant (1998). She appeared as a singer in the soundtracks for Conspiracy Theory in 1997 on the track, "Can't take My Eyes Off of You," and Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood in 2001 on the "Selah" track.

In 1998, Hill released The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, a critical smash hit that ended up on numerous best-of lists for the year, decade and all time. Among the singles on the album was "Doo Wop (That Thing)." In 1999's Grammy Awards, Hill was nominated eleven times and won Album of the Year, Best New Artist, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, Best R&B Song, Best R&B Album, setting a new record for a female performer. The album's title was inspired by Carter G. Woodson's book, The Miseducation of the Negro.

Soon after, Hill and her recording company were sued by Vada Nobles, Rasheem Pugh, Johari Newton and Tejumold Newton, known as "New Ark Entertainment," who claimed to have been denied full credit and compensation for their assistance on the album. They received an undisclosed amount of money and were given credit for drum programming and a small amount of lyrical, instrumental and production work.

Hill is noted as a humanitarian, and in 1996 she received an Essence Award for work which has included the 1996 founding of the Refugee Project, an outreach organization that supports a two-week overnight camp for at-risk youth, and for supporting well-building projects in Kenya and Uganda, as well as for staging a rap concert in Harlem to promote voter registration. In 1999 Hill received three awards at the 30th Annual NAACP Image Awards held at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in California. She was named with Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr. and others among the "10 For Tomorrow," in the EBONY 2000: Special Millennium Issue. In 1999 Ebony magazine named her one of "100+ Most Influential Black Americans."

In 1996, a call to the Howard Stern radio show stated that the caller heard Hill say "I would rather die than have a white person buy one of my albums" during an MTV interview. This is considered unlikely, however, as no recording could be found of the supposed incident. [1] (http://www.snopes.com/quotes/lauryn.htm)

Though a Fugees reunion was discussed by all of the members of the group, it has not yet happened, reportedly due to conflicts between the three Fugees, including a much-rumored feud between Hill and Wyclef Jean. Hill released an MTV Unplugged album laced with verbal interludes in 2002 to mixed reviews.

On December 13, 2003, Hill shocked officials at the Vatican by denouncing them for "corruption, exploitation, and abuses," apparently in reference to allegations of the child molestation of boys by Catholic officials in the United States of America and the cover-up of offenses by Catholic Church officials. Among those in attendance were Edmund Cardinal Szoka, American-born President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City, and President of the Governatorate of Vatican City. Two days later Pope John Paul II told a group of Bishops from Sudan that, "Scandalous behavior must at all times be investigated, confronted and corrected" in the Catholic Church.

Hill has four children by her husband, retired (American) football player Rohan Marley, son of the late reggae artist, Bob Marley: Zion David Marley, born 1997, Selah Louise Marley, born 1998, and second son Joshua, born 2002. A fourth child was born in 2003.

Hill's nickname is "L-boogie."

The three Fugees were reunited on September 18, 2004 at Dave Chappelle's Block Party in Brooklyn, New York. They headlined a bill that included a star-studded cast of who's who in hip hop, including Kanye West, Common, Mos Def, Erykah Badu, Jill Scott and others.

Sound samples

  • Download sample (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d2/LaurynHillRedemptionSong.ogg) of Hill covering Bob Marley's "Redemption Song"

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They headlined a bill that included a star-studded cast of who's who in hip hop, including Kanye West, Common, Mos Def, Erykah Badu, Jill Scott and others. However, it could be said that the Mary Chain's great legacy was the realization that punk rock/industrial noise was not diametrically opposed to pop melody, that the two could be woven together into music far more than the sum of its parts. The three Fugees were reunited on September 18, 2004 at Dave Chappelle's Block Party in Brooklyn, New York. Contemporary bands such as The Raveonettes simply would not exist without the Mary Chain's influence. Hill's nickname is "L-boogie.". The Mary Chain's influence remains to this day, an influence that has been confirmed by the numerous cover versions of Mary Chain songs. A fourth child was born in 2003. Their debut album Psychocandy, along with the Cocteau Twins, was a huge influence on the British Shoegazing movement of the late '80s as well as on numerous American bands.

Hill has four children by her husband, retired (American) football player Rohan Marley, son of the late reggae artist, Bob Marley: Zion David Marley, born 1997, Selah Louise Marley, born 1998, and second son Joshua, born 2002. The Jesus and Mary Chain are easily one of the most influential bands of all time in indie circles. Two days later Pope John Paul II told a group of Bishops from Sudan that, "Scandalous behavior must at all times be investigated, confronted and corrected" in the Catholic Church. In 2005, some six years after the Mary Chain split up, their Heat track, taken from the Sound of Speed compilation, was used in a television advertising campaign for Coor's Beer in the UK. Among those in attendance were Edmund Cardinal Szoka, American-born President of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City, and President of the Governatorate of Vatican City. William left the band following that show and the band finished up their US and Japanese dates without him. On December 13, 2003, Hill shocked officials at the Vatican by denouncing them for "corruption, exploitation, and abuses," apparently in reference to allegations of the child molestation of boys by Catholic officials in the United States of America and the cover-up of offenses by Catholic Church officials. Though it was not until October 1999 that the split was made official, on September 12 1998 the Reid brothers had a falling out onstage during a sold out gig at Chicago's famous House of Blues club about 15 minutes into their set.

Hill released an MTV Unplugged album laced with verbal interludes in 2002 to mixed reviews. For Sub Pop they recorded 1998's Munki album, which would turn out to be their last before splitting the following year. Though a Fugees reunion was discussed by all of the members of the group, it has not yet happened, reportedly due to conflicts between the three Fugees, including a much-rumored feud between Hill and Wyclef Jean. Following the final album in their odds-n-sods trilogy, 1995's Hate Rock N' Roll, the Mary Chain parted ways with Blanco y Negro, their record label of over a decade, and signed to American indie rock label Sub Pop. [1] (http://www.snopes.com/quotes/lauryn.htm). Following the tour to support the album and the release of another compilation of odds-n-sods, The Sound of Speed, they returned to the studio to record their fifth album proper, the largely acoustic Stoned & Dethroned which would see release in 1994. This is considered unlikely, however, as no recording could be found of the supposed incident. The single was followed by the release of the album Honey's Dead in 1992.

In 1996, a call to the Howard Stern radio show stated that the caller heard Hill say "I would rather die than have a white person buy one of my albums" during an MTV interview. Spitting feedback and punk rock bile in every direction, the track was banned from Radio and the video was banned from TV play due to its potentially offensive lyrics ("I wanna die just like JFK, I wanna die in the USA".) The Reid brothers had not calmed down after all, proving that they could still rage, kick and spit with the best of them. In 1999 Ebony magazine named her one of "100+ Most Influential Black Americans.". They proved their detractors wrong with their next single, Reverence. and others among the "10 For Tomorrow," in the EBONY 2000: Special Millennium Issue. It seemed that they had calmed down. She was named with Congressman Jesse Jackson, Jr. By this time, the violence that was originally associated with the band was practically non-existent and the Reid brothers were being less antagonistic and aggressive in general.

In 1999 Hill received three awards at the 30th Annual NAACP Image Awards held at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in California. Boasting heavy use of synthesized bass and keyboards, the album was not received quite as well as its predecessors though it was still a strong, consistent album, and contained the singles Head On and the Dylan ode, Blues From a Gun. Hill is noted as a humanitarian, and in 1996 she received an Essence Award for work which has included the 1996 founding of the Refugee Project, an outreach organization that supports a two-week overnight camp for at-risk youth, and for supporting well-building projects in Kenya and Uganda, as well as for staging a rap concert in Harlem to promote voter registration. Following the odds-n-sods collection Barbed Wire Kisses in 1988 and constant touring, the album Automatic was released in September 1989. They received an undisclosed amount of money and were given credit for drum programming and a small amount of lyrical, instrumental and production work. The fluid nature of the Mary Chain's line up continued throughout their entire career, with a revolving door of drummers, bassists and guitarists being recruited for TV appearances and gigs whenever they were required, the only constants being the Reid brothers. Soon after, Hill and her recording company were sued by Vada Nobles, Rasheem Pugh, Johari Newton and Tejumold Newton, known as "New Ark Entertainment," who claimed to have been denied full credit and compensation for their assistance on the album. The gigs were very poorly received and they quickly reverted back to live drums, drafting in Richard Thomas for two years, subsequently replaced by Steve Monti in 1990.

Woodson's book, The Miseducation of the Negro. In 1987 and 1988 they toured without a drummer, instead employing a roadie to play a tape of drum tracks through the PA system. The album's title was inspired by Carter G. Ironically, the band's live shows, at one time considered the most exciting element of the band and the reason for most of their success, were now overshadowed by their records. Among the singles on the album was "Doo Wop (That Thing)." In 1999's Grammy Awards, Hill was nominated eleven times and won Album of the Year, Best New Artist, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, Best R&B Song, Best R&B Album, setting a new record for a female performer. Featuring a more melodic sound, the album was recorded almost entirely by the Reids themselves, replacing live drums with a drum machine, and received overwhelmingly positive reviews by the British music press. In 1998, Hill released The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, a critical smash hit that ended up on numerous best-of lists for the year, decade and all time. He was replaced with John Moore, though he was gone as well by the release of the band's second album, Darklands, in September 1987 (Moore went on to form Black Box Recorder with Luke Haines).

She appeared as a singer in the soundtracks for Conspiracy Theory in 1997 on the track, "Can't take My Eyes Off of You," and Divine Secrets of the Ya-Ya Sisterhood in 2001 on the "Selah" track. Following the release of the follow up single Some Candy Talking, Bobby Gillespie left to front Primal Scream on a full time basis. Hill's other acting work includes the television series "King of the Hill" (as "Arletta the Elevator Operator"), the play "Club 127," and the motion pictures Hav Plenty (1997) and Restaurant (1998). The record received unanimously positive reviews and is now considered a landmark recording. This was followed by The Score, a multi-platinum selling album that established all three Fugees (Hill, Pras Michel and Wyclef Jean) as international successes. The album fused together the Reid's two primary influences, the indie guitar noise of The Velvet Underground with the '60s pop leanings of Phil Spector and The Beach Boys. The Fugees' first album, Blunted on Reality, was much-hyped but fell far short of expectations. The same year, the band signed to Blanco y Negro and released the You Trip Me Up and Never Understand singles which were soon followed by their debut album Psychocandy.

Though the Fugees had originally formed in 1988, Hill's membership was disrupted by her acting and her education at Columbia University. The music press were present at the show, and this event subsequently became known as "The Jesus and Mary Chain Riot". Her acting roles included the TV show As the World Turns (as "Kira Johnson" in 1991), and the film Sister Act II: Back in the Habit, the latter of which showcased her vocal abilities. By the time the Mary Chain started their short set, the audience was already in the mood for violence, and because of the size of the audience, the riot that occurred was far bigger and wilder than any other that had occurred at a Mary Chain gig. She was born in South Orange, New Jersey and began singing and acting at a very young age. Support band Meat Whiplash had stirred up violence before the Mary Chain even set foot onto the stage by throwing a wine bottle into the audience. Lauryn Hill (born May 26, 1975) is an American hip hop singer, initially establishing her reputation as the most visible and vocal member of The Fugees. On March 15, 1985, the Mary Chain played a gig at the North London Polytechnic in front of one of their largest crowds up to that point.

Download sample (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d2/LaurynHillRedemptionSong.ogg) of Hill covering Bob Marley's "Redemption Song". The violence that followed the band's every action culminated in an event that is now a part of indie folklore. He would simply make sure people from the music press were present while these events naturally transpired, and so ensuring blanket coverage in the music papers. All of this delighted manager and Creation Records boss Alan McGee, who obviously found it very easy to get attention for the band. Many shows culminated with the Reids trashing their equipment, which was often followed by the audience rioting.

Any reporters or photographers from the music press would be verbally insulted and spat at. Playing in front of small audiences, the Mary Chain earned their notoriety by playing very short gigs, some lasting no more than 10 minutes and consisting of a either the mangling of a couple of covers songs or a constant wall of feedback and distortion, as well as playing with their backs to the audience and refusing to speak to them. Controversial by design, the Mary Chain's early gigs have become the stuff of legend in indie circles. Though the single received universal critical acclaim from the British music press, and the band were championed fanatically by the NME, it was their live shows that drew them the most attention and notoriety.

The latter was quickly replaced in favour of Primal Scream frontman Bobby Gillespie, and the band recorded their debut single, Upside Down, that would be released in October 1984 on Creation Records. To fully realise their vision of the band, the Reid brothers recruited bassist Douglas Hart and drummer Murray Galglish. In much the same way as The Smiths, The Mary Chain originally revolved around the songwriting partnership of its two main members. Hailing from East Kilbride in Scotland, they released a constant string of albums, singles and EPs until their demise in 1999.

The Jesus and Mary Chain were a British Indie rock band that revolved around the songwriting partnership of brothers Jim Reid and William Reid. BBC - Live in Concert, 2003. 21 Singles, 2002. The Complete John Peel Sessions, 2000.

Munki, 1998. Hate Rock N' Roll, 1995. Stoned & Dethroned, 1994. The Sound of Speed, 1993.

Honey's Dead, 1992. Automatic, 1989. Barbed Wire Kisses, 1988. Darklands, 1986.

Psychocandy, 1985 - Perhaps their finest moment.

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