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Illinois

State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Other U.S. States
Capital Springfield
Largest city Chicago
Governor Rod Blagojevich
Official languages English
Area 149,998 km² (25th)
 - Land 143,968 km²
 - Water 6,030 km² (4.0%)
Population (2000)
 - Population 12,419,293 (5th)
 - Density 86.27 /km² (11th)
Admission into Union
 - Date December 3, 1818
 - Order 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude 36°58'N to 42°30'N
Longitude 87°30'W to 91°30'W
Width 340 km
Length 629 km
Elevation
 - Highest 376 m
 - Mean 182 m
 - Lowest 85 m
Abbreviations
 - USPS IL
 - ISO 3166-2 US-IL
Web site www.illinois.gov

Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people".

The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. The U.S. postal abbreviation for the state is IL.

The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state.

History

Pre-Columbian

Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes.

European exploration

French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory.

The 1800s

The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. Early U.S. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago).

The Civil War

During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments.

Government

The sample version of the current Illinois license plate introduced in 2001.

The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts.

Geography

See List of Illinois counties

It is in the north-central U.S. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan.

Illinois has three major geographical divisions. The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade.

Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago.

The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70.

McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. Both figures are as of 2004.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state.

Economy

The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. The per capita income was $32,965.

Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal.

Demographics

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains.

Racially, the state is:

The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%).

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

Religion

Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:

The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%).

Important cities and towns

Illinois, showing major cities and roads Chicago

See complete listing here...

Counties of Illinois

Education

Illinois State Board of Education

The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies.

There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate.

Primary and secondary schools

Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. District territories are often complex in structure. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district.

See List of school districts in Illinois for a listing of all school districts, by county.
See List of high schools in Illinois for a partial list of high schools.

Colleges and universities

While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system.

List of colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

People

State symbols

The Cardinal is the state bird of Illinois
This page about Illinois includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Illinois
News stories about Illinois
External links for Illinois
Videos for Illinois
Wikis about Illinois
Discussion Groups about Illinois
Blogs about Illinois
Images of Illinois

Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system. Baltimore is a sister city of these municipalities:. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. See:Baltimore City Public School System. While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. List of Baltimore neighborhoods. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district. Out of the total population, 30.6% of those under the age of 18 and 18.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

District territories are often complex in structure. 22.9% of the population and 18.8% of families are below the poverty line. Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. The per capita income for the city is $16,978. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate. Males have a median income of $31,767 versus $26,832 for females. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. The median income for a household in the city is $30,078, and the median income for a family is $35,438.

However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.9 males. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. For every 100 females there are 87.4 males. There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. The median age is 35 years. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies. In the city the population is spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who are 65 years of age or older.

Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The average household size is 2.42 and the average family size is 3.16. The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. 34.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.3% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. See complete listing here... There are 257,996 households out of which 25.5% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.7% are married couples living together, 25.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% are non-families. The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%). 1.70% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:. The racial makeup of the city is 31.63% White, 64.34% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population. There are 300,477 housing units at an average density of 1,435.8/km² (3,718.6/mi²). Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. The population density is 3,111.5/km² (8,058.4/mi²). Females made up approximately 51% of the population. As of the census2 of 2000, there are 651,154 people, 257,996 households, and 147,057 families residing in the city.

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. in every census up to the 1980 census. The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%). S. Racially, the state is:. It was among the top 10 cities in population in the U. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains. In the 1830, 1840, and 1850 censuses of the United States of America, Baltimore was the second largest city in population.

More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. The major highways serving the city are I-695 (the Baltimore Beltway), I-95, I-83 and I-70 (its eastern terminus is just beyond the city limits). At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. Additionally, MARC commuter rail connects Washington, DC's Union Station with the city's two rail stations, Camden Station and Penn Station. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. Baltimore City has many bus routes, and a light rail and a subway system. According to the U.S. Public transit in Baltimore City is provided by the Maryland Transit Administration.

Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal. The city has a humid subtropical climate, moderated by the warming influence of the bay and nearby ocean, with hot summers, cool winters, and moderate precipitation. Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. The total area is 12.240% water. The per capita income was $32,965. 209.3 km² (80.8 mi²) of it is land and 29.2 km² (11.3 mi²) of it is water. The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 238.5 km² (92.1 mi²).

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state. Baltimore is in the north central part of the state of Maryland, on the Patapsco River, not far from the Chesapeake Bay. It is on the western edge of the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with low hills rising in the western part of the city. Both figures are as of 2004. The headquarters of the Social Security Administration and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services are located in Woodlawn, just outside the city limits. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. On November 2, 2004, Dixon won re-election in a two-way contest; Joan Floyd, a Green Party candidate, was the only challenger; the Republicans did not field a candidate. McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. Sheila Dixon is the current Council President.

This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70. The Baltimore City Council is now made up of 14 single member districts and one elected at-large Council President. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. A coalition of union and community groups, organized by ACORN, backed the effort. The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. Grassroots pressure for reform, voiced as Question P, restructured the City Council in November of 2002, against the will of the Mayor, the Council President, and the majority of the Council. This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago. For a full list of mayors that served the city, see: List of Baltimore Mayors.

Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). His ambition to run for Governor of Maryland is well known. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Despite being a conservative Democrat in a city with a deep progressive history, O'Malley has maintained a high approval rating through both of his terms in office. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. The current Mayor of Baltimore is Martin O'Malley. Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. For most governmental purposes under Maryland law, Baltimore City is treated as a "county"-level entity.

While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade. Baltimore is an independent city; in other words, not part of any county. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. Water levels rose some 20 feet in areas, flooding underground parking garages and displacing thousands of cubic yards of trash and debris. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. Many places were flooded including the sports center ESPN Zone, the Baltimore World Trade Center (The World Trade Center remained closed for approximately a month during cleanup efforts) and most of the Inner Harbor. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. Also in 2003, Baltimore was affected by Hurricane Isabel from flooding as a result of tidal surge, affecting primarily the Fells Point community and the Inner Harbor and surrounding low areas.

The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. The City of Baltimore hopes to have it finished and opened by 2005 or 2006. Illinois has three major geographical divisions. The hotel is expected to be built near the Baltimore Convention Center. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan. In 2003, the Baltimore Development Corporation announced that three hotel projects were being reviewed. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Three weeks later, manhole covers flew into the air as underground explosions along West Pratt Street followed due to residual explosive chemicals from the fire left in the sewers.

It is in the north-central U.S. The derailment sparked a chemical fire that raged for six days and virtually shut down the downtown area until the heat caused a water main to rupture, largely extinguishing the fire but also causing significant flooding in the streets above. See List of Illinois counties. A 60-car train derailment occurred in a tunnel in Baltimore on July 18, 2001. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts. The concept has been highly successful, and numerous other American municipalities have since implemented the practice. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. On October 2, 1996, Baltimore became the first city in the United States to adopt 311 as a non-emergency "hot line" telephone number, in order to reserve the use of 911 for genuine emergencies.

The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. In 1992, the Baltimore Orioles of Major League Baseball moved downtown to Oriole Park at Camden Yards, and six years later the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League moved next door into the newly renamed M&T Bank Stadium, formerly known as PSINet Stadium until PSINet went bankrupt. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. In 1979 the Baltimore Convention Center was opened and was subsequently renovated and expanded in 1996. Harborplace, a modern urban retail and restaurant complex, was opened on the waterfront in 1980, followed by the National Aquarium in Baltimore, Maryland's largest tourist destination, in 1981. The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. In recent years, efforts to redevelop the downtown area have led to a revitalization of the Inner Harbor. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments. Many movies such as Hairspray, scenes from 12 monkeys and the film Hardball were filmed there, in fact many scenes from the 1972 cult classic film Pink Flamingos were shot in the city's Waverly section (the film was made by John Waters, a Baltimore native). Additionally, television shows such as NBC's "Homicide: Life on the Street" and HBO's "The Wire" have also been filmed in the city.

Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Baltimore has become a prime city for filming movies and television. During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. The buildings were eventually demolished in 2001. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago). In 1955 Flag House Courts, public housing project made up of 3 12-story buildings was built. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. Baltimore is also the location of Pimlico Race Course, the home of the Preakness Stakes, the second leg of the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing. The Preakness has been run since 1873.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Baltimore is the location of the Baltimore World Trade Center, the world's tallest equilateral five-sided building (the five-sided JPMorganChase Tower in Houston, Texas is taller, but has unequal sides). With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois. The Great Baltimore Fire on February 7, 1904 destroyed over 1,500 buildings in 30 hours. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. After the riot, Union troops occupied Baltimore and Maryland came under direct federal administration — in part, to prevent the state from seceding — until the end of the war in April 1865. Early U.S. Pro-Southern sentiment led to the Baltimore riot of 1861 when Union soldiers marched through the city.

state. Many, if not most, people in Baltimore at the time were sympathetic to the Confederacy. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. During the Civil War, Maryland was officially part of the Union but kept slavery legal. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. Baltimore became an independent city in 1851, being detached from Baltimore County at that time. The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The city is also the site of the first architectural monument honoring George Washington, a 178 foot doric column erected in 1829 and designed by Robert Mills, who later designed the Washington Monument in Washington D.C.

The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory. Baltimore's harbor is the location of Fort McHenry, which came under attack by British forces in the War of 1812 and whose defense inspired Francis Scott Key to write the poem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," which furnishes the lyrics to the United States national anthem. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The relatively shorter distance between Baltimore and the Caribbean colonies allowed swift transport and minimized the spoilage of flour. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. The profit from sugar encouraged the maximum possible cultivation of cane and the importation of food. French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. Baltimore grew swiftly in the mid-late 18th century as the granary for sugar producing colonies in the Caribbean.

The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes. During the 17th century, various towns called "Baltimore" were founded as commercial ports at various locations on the upper Chesapeake Bay. The present city dates from July 30, 1729 and is named after Cęcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore who was the first Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. Because there is also a Baltimore County adjacent to (but not including) the city, it is sometimes referred to as Baltimore City when a clear distinction is desired. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The city is a major part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area and a major U.S.seaport. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. It is the largest city in Maryland, named after the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony, Cęcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore.

That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. As of July 1, 2002, the population is 638,614, and the population of the Baltimore-Washington Metroplex as of 2000 is 7.6 million, up from 6.7 million in 1990. Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. state of Maryland. The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state. Baltimore is an independent city located in the U.S. postal abbreviation for the state is IL. Frank Zappa.

The U.S. Montel Williams. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. John Waters. The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Johnny Unitas. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people". Anne Tyler.

Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. Anne Truitt. Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Tupac Shakur. State tree: White oak (Quercus alba). Pam Shriver. State snack: Popcorn. Babe Ruth.

State song: "Illinois". Cal Ripken, Jr. State slogan: "Land of Lincoln". Adrienne Rich. State prairie grass: Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii). Edgar Allan Poe. State motto: "State sovereignty, national union". Jada Pinkett-Smith.

State mineral: Fluorite. Michael Phelps. State insect: Monarch butterfly. Nancy Pelosi. State fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium). Jim Palmer. State flower: Purple violet (Viola sororia). Ric Ocasek.

State fish: Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). Mo'Nique Imes-Jackson. State dance: Square dance. Kweisi Mfume. State capital: Springfield. Mencken. State bird: Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). H.L.

State animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Jim McKay. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President, is buried in Springfield, Illinois. Thurgood Marshall. Ronald Reagan, the 40th President, was born in Tampico, Illinois. Laura Lippman. Non-Religious – 8%. Barry Levinson.

Other Religions – 3%. Francis Scott Key. Other Christian – 1%. William Henry Cardinal Keeler. Roman Catholic – 33%. Johns Hopkins. Protestant – 51%. Billie Holiday.

1.9% mixed race. David Hasselhoff. 0.2% American Indian. Dorothy Hamill. 3.4% Asian. Philip Glass. 12.3% Hispanic. Johnny Gill.

15.1% Black. Drew. 67.8% White Non-Hispanic. Charles R. The Junior United States Senator is Barack Obama (Democrat). Elijah Cummings. Durbin (Democrat). Ben Carson.

The Senior United States Senator is Richard J. Cab Calloway. The Treasurer of Illinois is Judy Baar Topinka (Republican). David Byrne. The Secretary of State of Illinois is Jesse White (Democrat). Charles Joseph Bonaparte. The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is Pat Quinn (Democrat). Tyrone "Muggsy" Bogues.

The Governor of Illinois is Rod Blagojevich (Democrat). Eubie Blake. Carmelo Anthony. Baltimore Thunder - (National Lacrosse League) - moved to Pittsburgh, then D.C.; now Colorado. Baltimore Skipjacks - (American Hockey League, Eastern Hockey League, Southern Hockey League).

Baltimore Clippers - (American Hockey League). Baltimore Bandits - (American Hockey League). Baltimore Blades - (World Hockey Association ). Baltimore Bays - (North American Soccer League).

Baltimore Bayrunners - (International Basketball League). Baltimore Claws - (American Basketball Association). Baltimore Bullets - (National Basketball Association). Baltimore Colts - (National Football League).

Baltimore Stars - (United States Football League). Baltimore Stallions - (Canadian Football League ). 2005-2006 ABA Expansion Team. Baltimore Blast - (Major Indoor Soccer League).

Baltimore Bayhawks (Major League Lacrosse). Baltimore Ravens (National Football League). Baltimore Orioles (Major League Baseball). Westminster Hall and Burying Ground.

Walters Art Museum. USS Constellation. Star Spangled Banner Flag House and 1812 Museum. Pimlico Race Course.

National Museum of Dentistry. National Aquarium in Baltimore. Maryland Science Center. Lacrosse Foundation Hall of Fame Museum.

Harborplace. Fort McHenry National Monument. Edgar Allan Poe House and Museum. Dime Museum.

B&O Railroad Museum. Blacks In Wax Museum. Baltimore Maritime Museum. Baltimore Museum of Industry.

Baltimore Museum of Art. Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption. Babe Ruth Birthplace and Museum. American Visionary Art Museum.

Ashkelon, Israel. Xiamen, China. Pireaus, Greece. Odessa, Ukraine.

Alexandria, Egypt. Luxor, Egypt. Kawasaki, Japan. Genoa, Italy.

Gbarnga, Liberia. Enoch Pratt Free Library. University of Maryland, Baltimore (UMB). University of Baltimore (UB).

Morgan State University. Coppin State University. Baltimore City Community College (BCCC). Sojourner-Douglass College.

Peabody Institute. Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA). Loyola College in Maryland. Johns Hopkins University (JHU).

College of Notre Dame of Maryland. Baltimore International College (BIC). Baltimore Hebrew University. Martin State Airport - (general aviation), located in Baltimore County.

Baltimore-Washington International Airport - Located in neighboring Anne Arundel County.

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