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Illinois

State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Other U.S. States
Capital Springfield
Largest city Chicago
Governor Rod Blagojevich
Official languages English
Area 149,998 kmē (25th)
 - Land 143,968 kmē
 - Water 6,030 kmē (4.0%)
Population (2000)
 - Population 12,419,293 (5th)
 - Density 86.27 /kmē (11th)
Admission into Union
 - Date December 3, 1818
 - Order 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude 36°58'N to 42°30'N
Longitude 87°30'W to 91°30'W
Width 340 km
Length 629 km
Elevation
 - Highest 376 m
 - Mean 182 m
 - Lowest 85 m
Abbreviations
 - USPS IL
 - ISO 3166-2 US-IL
Web site www.illinois.gov

Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people".

The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. The U.S. postal abbreviation for the state is IL.

The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state.

History

Pre-Columbian

Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes.

European exploration

French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory.

The 1800s

The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. Early U.S. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago).

The Civil War

During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments.

Government

The sample version of the current Illinois license plate introduced in 2001.

The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts.

Geography

See List of Illinois counties

It is in the north-central U.S. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan.

Illinois has three major geographical divisions. The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade.

Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago.

The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70.

McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. Both figures are as of 2004.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state.

Economy

The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. The per capita income was $32,965.

Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal.

Demographics

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains.

Racially, the state is:

The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%).

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

Religion

Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:

The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%).

Important cities and towns

Illinois, showing major cities and roads Chicago

See complete listing here...

Counties of Illinois

Education

Illinois State Board of Education

The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies.

There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate.

Primary and secondary schools

Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. District territories are often complex in structure. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district.

See List of school districts in Illinois for a listing of all school districts, by county.
See List of high schools in Illinois for a partial list of high schools.

Colleges and universities

While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system.

List of colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

People

State symbols

The Cardinal is the state bird of Illinois
This page about Illinois includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Illinois
News stories about Illinois
External links for Illinois
Videos for Illinois
Wikis about Illinois
Discussion Groups about Illinois
Blogs about Illinois
Images of Illinois

Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system. One bright spot in otherwise disappointing season for Los Angeles was that forward Bobby Simmons won the 2004-05 NBA Most Improved Player award, after averaging 16 points, 6 rebounds, and 3 assists per game. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. The Clippers, while also missing the playoffs, ended with a better record than the Lakers (the first time since 1993) and have great hope for the future, with young rising stars such as Elton Brand, Corey Maggette and Shaun Livingston. While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. The Lakers, because of the trade of O'Neal to the Miami Heat, ended the season with a losing record and missed the playoffs. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district. The 2004-2005 season, though, was the turning point for the relations between the two franchises.

District territories are often complex in structure. With new head coach Mike Dunleavy, Sr., the Clippers finished at 28-54, a lot due to inexperience and injuries. Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. They, along with Richardson, made of one of the NBA best high-scoring trios, with a combined 58 points per game. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate. In the 2003-04 season, Los Angeles four key players to free agency (Miller, Odom, Olowokandi, and forward Eric Piatkowski--one of the longest-tenured players in Clippers history), while opting to retain Brand and Maggette with long-term contracts. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Head coach Alvin Gentry was replaced by Dennis Johnson midway through the 2002-03 season.

However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. However, with poor team chemistry and injuries (several players missed a combined 293 games), the Clippers finished with a very disappointing 27-55 record. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. The 2002 offseason brought more changes, as popular star Miles was traded to the Cavaliers in exchange for point guard Andre Miller, who led the NBA in assists in 2001-02 with 11 per game. Suddenly, with the good point guard they finally needed, along with another playmaking player at small forward with Lamar Odom, one of the league's best power forwards in Elton Brand, an emering center with Michael Olowokandi, and a very good supporting cast off the bench, the Clippers could actually make a serious run for the playoffs. There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. The Clippers were virtually in the Western Conference playoff race, but a 3-10 finish in the final 13 games caused the Clippers to finish out of the playoffs once again, this time with a 39-43 record, finishing 5 games out of the final playoff position. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies. Brand's hard work and accomplishments earned him a spot on the 2002 NBA Western Conference All-Star team, although he was a last-minute replacement for center Shaquille O'Neal of the Lakers.

Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. At this point of his career, Brand had career averages of 20 points and 10 rebounds per games in just two seasons. The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. To improve upon the previous season, the Clippers acquired high-scoring and rebounding power forward Elton Brand from the Chicago Bulls in exchange for the draft rights to Los Angeles-area native and high-schooler Tyson Chandler. See complete listing here... The team became popular among fans with their high-flying style of basketball, and the Clippers did improve a bit with a 31-51 record and led the NBA in bench scoring with 37 points per game. The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%). Louis with the 3rd overall pick and Quentin Richardson, a guard/forward from DePaul University was taken at the 18th overall spot.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:. Making more moves, the Clippers two draft picks were childhood friends from Illinois, as they took high schooler Darius Miles from East St. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population. Reserve forward Derek Strong, along with other players and cash were sent to the Orlando Magic in exchange for second-year forward Corey Maggette and the draft rights to guard Keyon Dooling from the University of Missouri. Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. The 2000-01 brought changes (as is the recurring theme with the Clippers), however these would be for the better. Females made up approximately 51% of the population. Abdul-Jabbar lasted only lasted about one season on the job.

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Johnson lasted with the Clippers until the 2002-03 season, when he took over as head coach in the middle of that season. The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%). The team also hired Hall of Famer and former Laker great Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as an assistant coach, to help tutor second-year center Michael Olowokandi, who was the #1 overall pick in the 1998 NBA Draft. Racially, the state is:. To help their young players out with their growing games, the team hired former All-Star (and Los Angeles native) Dennis Johnson, won three NBA championships with Seattle (1979) and Boston (1984 and 1986) as an assistant coach. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains. The Clippers finished with a very dismal 15-67 record.

More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. It also in that first season at Staples Center that the Clippers drafted highly-touted, but oft-troubled, star forward Lamar Odom from the University of Rhode Island. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. Meanwhile, the Clippers struggled, consistently ending with losing records which were significantly worse than the Lakers' record. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. In the following years, the Lakers dominated the NBA with the combination of Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant, winning three championships. According to the U.S. That season, the Clippers were outshone by their in-city rivals, the Lakers, who won the NBA Championship.

Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal. However, in 1999, the Clippers and Lakers both started to play in the Staples Center. Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. From 1994 - 1999, the Clippers played selected home games in the Arrowhead Pond of Anaheim, sharing the venue with a plethora of other water-themed teams including the Mighty Ducks (ice hockey) and the Splash (soccer). The per capita income was $32,965. In typical Clippers fashion, that team made the playoffs with a losing record (36-46) and were summarily swept in the first round by the eventual Western Conference Champion Utah Jazz, 3 games to none. The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. The Clippers continued to make frequent roster and coaching changes throughout the next several years, and making their last playoff appearance in 1997.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state. That 1993-94 season proved to one of the worst seasons in Los Angeles NBA history, whereas both the Clippers and Lakers went a combined 60-104 in the regular season, and missed the playoffs entirely. Both figures are as of 2004. Brown left the Clippers to join the Indiana Pacers as their head coach, and Bob Weiss was brought in to replace him. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. The Clippers returned to the playoffs again in the 1992-93 season (with a 41-41 regular season record), and again lost in five games in the first round, this time to the Houston Rockets. McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. Due to the Los Angeles riots that took place in late April 1992, game 4 of their series was moved to the Anaheim Convention Center, and the Clippers won that game.

This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70. The Clippers were in eliminated in the first round of the playoff by the Utah Jazz, 3 games to 2. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. He replaced head coach Mike Schuler, who at the point of his dismissal, posted a 22-25 record. Brown finished the season with a 23-12 mark, and the overall record for Los Angeles was 45-37. The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. Midway through the 1991-92 season, the Clippers made yet another coaching change, but this one worked out in their favor. Larry Brown, who was fired by the Spurs weeks before, was hired as the team's head coach in late January 1992. This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago. That move, along with the 1987 draft of Ken Norman from the University of Illinois, the 1988 draftings of Kansas University forward Danny Manning and Charles Smith from the University of Pittsburgh, and the 1990 draft of Loy Vaught from the University of Michigan (currently still the franchise's all-time rebound leader), those players formed a nucleus that led the Clipper franchise to a playoff appearance in 1992, the first since 1976, when the team was still in Buffalo.

Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). In the 1989-90 season, Baylor made a trade with the Cavaliers that brought in Ron Harper, a rising star guard, in exchange for forward Danny Ferry (who refused to play for the Clippers) and guard Reggie Williams. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. That season also brought in Hall of Famer Elgin Baylor as the team's vice president and general manager of basketball operations, a post he currently holds to this day. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. (The Worst? The Philadelphia 76ers went 9-73 in 1973) That particular season was filled with injuries to both Marques Johnson and guard Norm Nixon, who missed most, if not, the whole entire season. Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. The next seven seasons (1985-92), the Clippers were mired in futility, including a 12-70 record in the 1986-87 season, the third-worst single-season record in NBA history.

While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade. The Clippers, under head coach Jim Lynam (and later Don Chaney), and new acquistions Marques Johnson, Junior Bridgeman, and Harvey Catchings (all acquired via trade from the Milwaukee Bucks), finished with a disappointing 31-51 record in the first season in the City of Angels. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. The Clippers were completely out-shadowed by their crosstown counterparts, who were in the midst of the championship run with future Hall of Famers, Magic Johnson, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, and James Worthy. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. In 1984, the Clippers moved to Los Angeles, California, playing in the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena while the Lakers, with a better reputation, continued to play at the Great Western Forum in Inglewood, a few miles south. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. The Clippers' poor play in their final years in San Diego resulted in poor attendance, in which the team would average nearly 4,500 fans per game, and Sterling lobbied the NBA to relocated the team to his native Los Angeles.

The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. The purchase price was $20 million. Illinois has three major geographical divisions. Sterling. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan. The 1981-82 season brought more changes to the Clipper franchise as Irv Levin sold the team to Los Angeles-area real estate developer and attorney, Donald T. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Free was to traded to the Golden State Warriors in exchange for guard Phil Smith.

It is in the north-central U.S. Walton missed the entire season, once again due to chronic foot injuries. See List of Illinois counties. Paul Silas replaced Shue the following season, finished with a 36-46 records, once again missing the postseason. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts. Free continued his great scoring, again finising second in league scoring, with a 30.2 PPG (Points Per Game). Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. San Diego finished with a 37-45 season, despite the fact that many of their key players missed games due to injuries.

The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. Walton wasn't much of an impact unfortunately, due to missing 68 games because of foot injuries, which he also suffered in his final years in Portland. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The 1979-80 season wasn't much better, as the Clippers began to struggle, but not before they brought in San Diego native, center Bill Walton, who was two years removed from a NBA world championship with the Trail Blazers. The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. Free finished second overall in NBA scoring average, with 28.8 per game, while George Gervin of the San Antonio Spurs had a 29.6 average. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments. Free, who was acquired in the offseason from the Philadelphia 76ers.

Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Randy Smith had another solid season, averaging 20.5 points per game, finishing second behind World B. During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. It was also in that first season in Southern California that long time announcer Ralph Lawler began his association with the club. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago). However, that record wasn't good enough to advance them to the playoffs, finishing only a few games out of the final playoff spot. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. In the team's first season in San Diego, the Clippers posted a winning record, going 43-39, under new head coach Gene Shue.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. They moved to San Diego, California after the 1977-78 season, and became the San Diego Clippers. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois. Following what would be the final season in western New York, the NBA owners voted 21-1 to let the Braves relocate. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. The deal was brokered by David Stern, an attorney for the NBA, who of course, later became the league's commissioner in 1984. Early U.S. Levin was a California businessman, and wanted to own a NBA team in his native state.

state. Because of the team's poor play in their final two years (30-52 in 1976-77 and 27-55 in 1977-78), along with rumors of the franchise relocating, John Y. Brown met with the then-owner of the Celtics, Irv Levin and negotiated a deal in which the owners would swap franchises, in which Brown would take control of the Celtics and Levin would get the Braves. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. Brown renegotiated his lease on Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, to include a clause which if the Braves do not sell at least 4,500 season tickets, the Braves can be let go of their lease and be free to move to another city. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. A big example of this was when the Braves sent McAdoo to the New York Knicks for players and cash midway through the 1976-77 season. The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. However, a provision in the transaction stipulated that if Brown sold a contract of any Braves players, then the money would go to Synder and the price of purchase would be reduced.

The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory. Brown, in turn, sold a percentage of the team to another businessman, Harry Mangurian, who later went to own a portion of the Boston Celtics in the 1980s. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. Brown later acquired the remaining portion from Synder sometime in the 1976-77 season. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. Brown, Jr., who had previously owned the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association. French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. In the summer of 1976, the team's founding owner Paul Synder intitally sold 50 percent of the franchise to businessman John Y.

The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes. The Braves made two more trips to the playoffs in the 1974-75 and 1975-76 seasons, which would be their last in Buffalo. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. The team finally made their first playoff appearance in 1973-74, where they faced the Boston Celtics and lost in six games in the first round. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The Braves' big move of that season was the drafting for forward/center Bob McAdoo, from the University of North Carolina. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. Jack Ramsay.

That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The team didn't do much better in the 1972-73 season, as they went 21-61 under new head coach, Dr. Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. Schayes was replaced one game into the season with John McCarty as the team's head coach. The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state. Buffalo drafted center Elmore Smith from Kentucky State University, and local favorite Randy Smith, from Buffalo State University. postal abbreviation for the state is IL. The Braves repeated their 22-60 season in the following 1971-72 season, but did make good acquistions that would make the club better.

The U.S. Kauffman, who averaged 4.3 points per game the previous year with the Chicago Bulls, led Buffalo in scoring with 20.4 points per game and earned a spot on the 1971 NBA Eastern Conference All-Star team. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. As typical of first-year expansion teams, the Braves finished with a 22-60 record, five games ahead of expansion-mate Cleveland, who finished their season at 15-67. The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. The team's first head coach was Hall of Famer Dolph Schayes, the franchise's first star players were Bob Kauffman and Don May, who were acquired in the expansion draft. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people". The Braves, in their eight seasons in Buffalo, played their home games at the Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, sharing the arena with another new franchise, the Sabres of the National Hockey League, who also debuted in 1970.

Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area.
. Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. They were one of three franchises that joined the NBA in the 1970-71 season, the others were the Portland Trail Blazers and Cleveland Cavaliers. State tree: White oak (Quercus alba). The Buffalo Braves played their first NBA season in 1970. State snack: Popcorn. The Los Angeles Clippers are a National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California.

State song: "Illinois". Norm Nixon. State slogan: "Land of Lincoln". Mel Proctor. State prairie grass: Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii). Lee Kline. State motto: "State sovereignty, national union". Michael Smith.

State mineral: Fluorite. Ralph Lawler. State insect: Monarch butterfly. Marko Jaric. State fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium). Chris Wilcox. State flower: Purple violet (Viola sororia). Bobby Simmons.

State fish: Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). Corey Maggette. State dance: Square dance. Shaun Livingston. State capital: Springfield. Kerry Kittles. State bird: Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Chris Kaman.

State animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Elton Brand. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President, is buried in Springfield, Illinois. Dominique Wilkins. Ronald Reagan, the 40th President, was born in Tampico, Illinois. Loy Vaught. Non-Religious – 8%. Malik Sealy.

Other Religions – 3%. Quentin Richardson. Other Christian – 1%. Eric Piatkowski. Roman Catholic – 33%. Bo Outlaw. Protestant – 51%. Lamar Odom.

1.9% mixed race. Norm Nixon. 0.2% American Indian. Danny Manning. 3.4% Asian. Mark Jackson. 12.3% Hispanic. Ron Harper.

15.1% Black. Free. 67.8% White Non-Hispanic. World B. The Junior United States Senator is Barack Obama (Democrat). Randy Smith. Durbin (Democrat). Bill Walton.

The Senior United States Senator is Richard J. Bob McAdoo. The Treasurer of Illinois is Judy Baar Topinka (Republican). The Secretary of State of Illinois is Jesse White (Democrat). The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is Pat Quinn (Democrat).

The Governor of Illinois is Rod Blagojevich (Democrat).

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