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Illinois

State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Other U.S. States
Capital Springfield
Largest city Chicago
Governor Rod Blagojevich
Official languages English
Area 149,998 kmē (25th)
 - Land 143,968 kmē
 - Water 6,030 kmē (4.0%)
Population (2000)
 - Population 12,419,293 (5th)
 - Density 86.27 /kmē (11th)
Admission into Union
 - Date December 3, 1818
 - Order 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude 36°58'N to 42°30'N
Longitude 87°30'W to 91°30'W
Width 340 km
Length 629 km
Elevation
 - Highest 376 m
 - Mean 182 m
 - Lowest 85 m
Abbreviations
 - USPS IL
 - ISO 3166-2 US-IL
Web site www.illinois.gov

Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people".

The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. The U.S. postal abbreviation for the state is IL.

The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state.

History

Pre-Columbian

Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes.

European exploration

French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory.

The 1800s

The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. Early U.S. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago).

The Civil War

During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments.

Government

The sample version of the current Illinois license plate introduced in 2001.

The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts.

Geography

See List of Illinois counties

It is in the north-central U.S. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan.

Illinois has three major geographical divisions. The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade.

Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago.

The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70.

McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. Both figures are as of 2004.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state.

Economy

The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. The per capita income was $32,965.

Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal.

Demographics

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains.

Racially, the state is:

The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%).

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

Religion

Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:

The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%).

Important cities and towns

Illinois, showing major cities and roads Chicago

See complete listing here...

Counties of Illinois

Education

Illinois State Board of Education

The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies.

There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate.

Primary and secondary schools

Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. District territories are often complex in structure. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district.

See List of school districts in Illinois for a listing of all school districts, by county.
See List of high schools in Illinois for a partial list of high schools.

Colleges and universities

While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system.

List of colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

People

State symbols

The Cardinal is the state bird of Illinois
This page about Illinois includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Illinois
News stories about Illinois
External links for Illinois
Videos for Illinois
Wikis about Illinois
Discussion Groups about Illinois
Blogs about Illinois
Images of Illinois

Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system. Some counties do not have public transport at all, for example Eureka County. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. There are also bus services in Reno/Sparks, and from there to Carson City. While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas is one of the busiest airports in the United States. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district. Las Vegas has a bus network, and a monorail system that is being extended.

District territories are often complex in structure. Greyhound Lines also provides some bus services. Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. Amtrak provides bus services from Las Vegas to Needles, California and Los Angeles ([2] (http://www.amtrak.com/timetable/oct04/P03.pdf)). Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate. [1] (http://www.amtrak.com/timetable/oct04/P05.pdf) Burlington Northern Santa Fe has trackage rights to the Union Pacific lines in the north. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Amtrak's California Zephyr uses one of the northern branches in a daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, CA serving Elko, Winnemucca, Sparks, and Reno.

However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and in the south (map (http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/usguide/usa-nv-m.shtml)). In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. However, American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes. There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. The state is one of just a few in the country that allow semi-trailer combinations with three trailers—what might be called a "road train" in Australia. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies. There are also 189 Nevada State Highways.

Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. Nevada also is served by several federal highways: US-6, US-50, US-93, US-95 and US-395. The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. It has a spur route, I-580. See complete listing here... Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, reaching from Utah in the east and passing westward through Reno and into California. The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%). It has spur routes I-215 and I-515.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:. Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population. Ranked by per capita income. Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. Area 51 is supposedly located in Groom Lake, near Nellis Air Force Base. Females made up approximately 51% of the population. Nevada is also the home of Area 51, the top-secret installation the Government has always denied existed.

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. The largest city is Las Vegas. The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%). The three largest Protestant denominations in Nevada are: Baptist (8% of the total state population), Methodist (6%), Lutheran (6%). Racially, the state is:. The religious affiliations of the citizens of Nevada are:. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains. Females made up approximately 50.7% of the population.

More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. 6.8% of its population were reported as under 5, 26.3% under 18, and 13.6% were 65 or older. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. The 5 largest ancestry groups in Nevada are: German (14.1%), Irish (11%), English (10.1%), Italian (6.6%), American (4.8%). Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. The racial makeup of the state is:. According to the U.S. According to the Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Nevada was 2,241,154.

Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal. Nevada is the only state with legalized prostitution: see prostitution in Nevada. Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. Large, luxurious casinos in Las Vegas, Lake Tahoe and Reno attract visitors from around the world. The per capita income was $32,965. It is well-known for gambling and nightlife. The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. Its industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state. Its agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, dairy products, and potatoes. Both figures are as of 2004. Per capital personal income in 2003 was $31,910, 19th in the nation. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (http://www.bea.gov/) estimates that Nevada's total state product in 2003 was $88 billion. McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. See also list of mountain ranges of Nevada.
.

This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70. The northern and central portions of Nevada are mostly within the Great Basin Desert, while portions of the southern tip are within the Mojave Desert. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. Nevada is a land of rugged, snow-capped mountains, grassy valleys and sandy deserts. The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. It is in a mountain region that includes semiarid grasslands and sandy deserts, and is the most arid (dry) state in the nation. This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago. The border with Arizona includes the Colorado River and Hoover Dam.

Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). Nevada has borders with Oregon and Idaho to the north, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Heterosexuals only have to be 14 while homosexuals must be at least 21. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Nevada is currently the only state that has different ages of consent for homosexuals and heterosexuals. Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. Most people outside the state are not familiar with this rivalry.

While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade. This has fostered resentment as the north sees the south as a potential bully of majority rule and the south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. The north has long maintained control of key positions in the state government even while the Las Vegas area is many times larger than Washoe County. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. Due to the tremendous growth of Las Vegas in recent years, there is a noticeable divide between politics of Northern Nevada and Southern Nevada. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. senators are Harry Reid (Democrat) and John Ensign (Republican).

The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. Nevada's two U.S. Illinois has three major geographical divisions. Nevada's capital is Carson City and its governor is Kenny Guinn (Republican). Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan. A fictional history (with a great deal of fact) titled Nevada was written by Clint McCullough. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. At the time, the leading proponents of gambling expected that it would be a short term fix until the state's economic base widened to include less cyclical industries, however re-outlawing gambling has never been seriously considered since.

It is in the north-central U.S. Due to a sharp decline in mining output in the 1920s and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression, Nevada re-legalized gambling in 1931. See List of Illinois counties. Gambling was common in the early Nevada mining towns, but was outlawed in 1909 as part of a nation-wide anti-gaming crusade. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts. The deficiencies in the Homestead Act as applied to Nevada were probably due to a lack of understanding of the Nevada environment, although some firebrands (so-called "Sagebrush Rebels") maintain that it was due to pressure from mining interests to keep land out of the hands of common folk. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water (this pattern of ranching still prevails).

The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. The primary reason for this is that homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout Nevada. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. Despite Nevada being the third oldest western state, it is referred to as the "Permanent Colony" as over 87% of the land is owned by the Federal Government. The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. Congress. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments. This deal will require the permission of both the Nevada and Utah legislatures and the U.S.

Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Negotiations are currently underway for Nevada to annex Wendover, Utah, which would be merged with West Wendover, Nevada. During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. This area includes most of what is now Clark County, Nevada. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago). The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and it was thought that Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. Nevada achieved its current boundaries on May 5, 1866 when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. As Nevada's mining-based economy tied it to the more industrialized Union, it was viewed as politically reliable (as opposed to the more agrarian and Confederate-sympathizing California). With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois. Statehood was rushed through despite Nevada's tiny population to help ensure Abraham Lincoln's reelection and post-Civil War Republican dominance in congress. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. On October 31, 1864, just eight days prior to the presidential election, Nevada became the 36th state in the union. Early U.S. On March 2, 1861, Nevada separated from the Utah territory and adopted its current name, shortened from Sierra Nevada (Spanish for "snowy range").

state. This discovery brought a flood of miners, prospectors, merchants and others hoping to strike it rich. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. 1859 saw the discovery of the Comstock Lode, a rich outcropping of gold and silver, and Virginia City sprang up. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. In 1850, the US Congress established the Utah territory which included the present day states of Utah, Idaho and Nevada. The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. Several United States Navy ships have been named USS Nevada in honor of the state.

The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory. (Residents often regard the pronunciation as a test of whether visitors such as presidential candidates, have informed themselves about the state.). As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. Despite the name's derivation from the Spanish word nevada meaning "snowy", the local pronunciation of the state's name is not "Ne-vah-da"; the middle syllable has a short a sound as in cat or hat. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. The phrase "Battle Born" is on the state flag; "The Battle Born State" is the official state slogan, as Nevada was admitted into the union during the American Civil War. French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. The state song is "Home Means Nevada" by Bertha Rafetto.

The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes. Nevada's nickname is "The Silver State" and the state's motto is "All for Our Country". The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. Between 1990 and 2000, Nevada's population increased 66.3%, while the USA's population increased 13.1%. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. Between 2000 and 2003, Nevada's population increased 12.2%, while the USA's population increased 3.3%. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. Nevada is the fastest growing state in the country.

That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The population as of July 2004 was estimated to be 2,334,771, up nearly 17% from the 2000 census figure of 1,998,257. Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. Nevada is a state located in the western United States. The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state. Brandon Flowers vocalist of Indie rock band, The Killers. postal abbreviation for the state is IL. Barry Zito Major League Baseball player.

The U.S. Steve Wynn casino owner. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. Edna Purviance actress. The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Harry Reid Senate Minority Leader. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people". Pat Nixon First Lady.

Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. Greg Maddux Major League Baseball player. Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Robert Laxalt writer. State tree: White oak (Quercus alba). Paul Laxalt politician. State snack: Popcorn. Jack Kramer tennis player.

State song: "Illinois". Jenna Jameson adult film actress. State slogan: "Land of Lincoln". Michael Chang tennis player. State prairie grass: Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii). Walter van Tilburg Clark writer. State motto: "State sovereignty, national union". Andre Agassi tennis player.

State mineral: Fluorite. Las Vegas Wranglers, East Coast Hockey League. State insect: Monarch butterfly. Las Vegas 51s, minor league baseball. State fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium). Las Vegas Gladiators, Arena Football League. State flower: Purple violet (Viola sororia). Western Nevada Community College.

State fish: Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). Truckee Meadows Community College. State dance: Square dance. Great Basin College. State capital: Springfield. Community College of Southern Nevada. State bird: Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). Nevada State College at Henderson.

State animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). University of Nevada, Reno. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President, is buried in Springfield, Illinois. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Ronald Reagan, the 40th President, was born in Tampico, Illinois. University and Community College System of Nevada

    . Non-Religious – 8%. Sierra Nevada College.

    Other Religions – 3%. State trees: Single-leaf Piņon and Bristlecone_pine. Other Christian – 1%. State tartan: A particular tartan designed for Nevada by Richard Zygmunt Pawlowski. Roman Catholic – 33%. State soil: Orovada series. Protestant – 51%. State rock: Sandstone.

    1.9% mixed race. State reptile: Desert Tortoise. 0.2% American Indian. State song: "Home Means Nevada" by Bertha Raffetto. 3.4% Asian. State semiprecious gemstone: Nevada turquoise. 12.3% Hispanic. State precious gemstone: Virgin Valley black fire opal.

    15.1% Black. State motto: "All for our country". 67.8% White Non-Hispanic. State metal: Silver (Ag). The Junior United States Senator is Barack Obama (Democrat). State march: "Silver State Fanfare" by Gerald Wills. Durbin (Democrat). State grass: Indian ricegrass.

    The Senior United States Senator is Richard J. State fossil: Ichthyosaur. The Treasurer of Illinois is Judy Baar Topinka (Republican). State flower: Sagebrush. The Secretary of State of Illinois is Jesse White (Democrat). State fish: Lahontan Cutthroat Trout. The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is Pat Quinn (Democrat). State colors: Silver and Blue.

    The Governor of Illinois is Rod Blagojevich (Democrat). State bird: Mountain Bluebird. State artifact: Tule Duck Decoy. State animal: Desert Bighorn Sheep. Laughlin, Nevada $21,097.

    Sparks, Nevada $21,122. Paradise, Nevada $21,258. Winnemucca, Nevada $21,441. Lemmon Valley-Golden Valley, Nevada $21,820.

    Smith Valley, Nevada $21,940. Las Vegas, Nevada $22,060. Goodsprings, Nevada $22,282. Reno, Nevada $22,520.

    Indian Hills, Nevada $23,027. Virginia City, Nevada $23,765. Johnson Lane, Nevada $24,247. Enterprise, Nevada $25,063.

    Spring Valley, Nevada $26,321. Henderson, Nevada $26,815. Spanish Springs, Nevada $26,908. Boulder City, Nevada $29,770.

    Minden, Nevada $30,405. Blue Diamond, Nevada $30,479. Summerlin South, Nevada $33,017. Zephyr Cove-Round Hill Village, Nevada $37,218.

    Verdi-Mogul, Nevada $38,233. Mount Charleston, Nevada $38,821. Kingsbury, Nevada $41,451. Incline Village-Crystal Bay, Nevada $52,521.

    Non-Religious – 15%. Other Religions – 2%. Other Christian – 10% (mostly Mormon). Roman Catholic – 24%.

    Protestant – 45%. 1.4% mixed race. 0.9% American Indian. 1.3% Asian.

    4% Black. 19.7% Hispanic. 65.2% White non-Hispanic.

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