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Illinois

State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State
Other U.S. States
Capital Springfield
Largest city Chicago
Governor Rod Blagojevich
Official languages English
Area 149,998 km (25th)
 - Land 143,968 km
 - Water 6,030 km (4.0%)
Population (2000)
 - Population 12,419,293 (5th)
 - Density 86.27 /km (11th)
Admission into Union
 - Date December 3, 1818
 - Order 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Latitude 3658'N to 4230'N
Longitude 8730'W to 9130'W
Width 340 km
Length 629 km
Elevation
 - Highest 376 m
 - Mean 182 m
 - Lowest 85 m
Abbreviations
 - USPS IL
 - ISO 3166-2 US-IL
Web site www.illinois.gov

Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people".

The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. The U.S. postal abbreviation for the state is IL.

The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state.

History

Pre-Columbian

Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes.

European exploration

French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory.

The 1800s

The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. state. Early U.S. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago).

The Civil War

During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments.

Government

The sample version of the current Illinois license plate introduced in 2001.

The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts.

Geography

See List of Illinois counties

It is in the north-central U.S. and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan.

Illinois has three major geographical divisions. The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade.

Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago.

The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70.

McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. Both figures are as of 2004.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state.

Economy

The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. The per capita income was $32,965.

Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal.

Demographics

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains.

Racially, the state is:

The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%).

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 51% of the population.

Religion

Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:

The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%).

Important cities and towns

Illinois, showing major cities and roads Chicago

See complete listing here...

Counties of Illinois

Education

Illinois State Board of Education

The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies.

There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate.

Primary and secondary schools

Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. District territories are often complex in structure. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district.

See List of school districts in Illinois for a listing of all school districts, by county.
See List of high schools in Illinois for a partial list of high schools.

Colleges and universities

While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois. Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system.

List of colleges and universities

Professional sports teams

People

State symbols

The Cardinal is the state bird of Illinois
This page about Illinois includes information from a Wikipedia article.
Additional articles about Illinois
News stories about Illinois
External links for Illinois
Videos for Illinois
Wikis about Illinois
Discussion Groups about Illinois
Blogs about Illinois
Images of Illinois

Illinois is also home to 49 colleges in the Illinois community college system. See also Memphis Mafia. Notable Illinois institutions of higher education include Loyola University Chicago, Northwestern University, University of Chicago and the several branches of the University of Illinois.
. While many students enter the military or join the workforce directly from high school, students have the option of applying to colleges and universities in Illinois. Other. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district. Military.

District territories are often complex in structure. Sports Figures. Education is compulsory from kindergarten through the twelfth grade in Illinois, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. Jurists, Politicians and Activists. Opponents to the proposal argue that local communities would lose control over what their children would learn in public schools and the means by which those public schools operate. Businesspeople. The structure would mimic the system employed by the Hawaii State Department of Education, which has no local school districts. Actors, Directors and Musicians.

However, direct control of the new department would fall under the state governor's jurisdiction. Other museums in the area include:. In 2002, the Office of the Governor proposed the creation of a monolithic statewide department of education to replace the ISBE. Along with the legendary Stax Sound, the museum also spotlights the music of Muscle Shoals, Motown, Hi and Atlantic. There is current debate as to the role of the ISBE and whether or not its autonomous relationship with the governor and the state legislature is appropriate. The museum is home to a broad collection of artifacts, photographs, exhibits, commentary, and music. The ISBE also makes recommendations to state leaders concerning education spending and policies. Also, there is the Stax Museum of American Soul Music.

Local municipalities and their respective school districts operate individual public schools but the ISBE audits performance of public schools with an annual school report card. The Children's Museum of Memphis features many interactive exhibits, including a simulated grocery store, a wood skyscraper maze, and full-scale models of a fire truck and an airplane fuselage. The Illinois State Board of Education or ISBE, autonomous of the governor and the state legislature, administers public education in the state. A smaller art museum, the Dixion Gallery and Gardens focuses on impressionism and has several works by Monet, Degas and Renoir. See complete listing here... The Brooks Museum of Art in Overton Park, founded in 1916, serves as the region's major art museum. The three largest Protestant denominations in Illinois are: Baptist (15% of total state population), Lutheran (8%), Methodist (8%). was assassinated.

The religious affiliations of the people of Illinois are:. Memphis is home to the National Civil Rights Museum, located in the former Lorraine Motel, where the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. Roman Catholics (who are predominant in and around Chicago) account for one-third of the population. A month long festival, Memphis in May, is held each year to host the city's largest events like the Beale Street Music Festival, the World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest and the Sunset Symphony. Unlike the other Midwestern states, Illinois is not overwhelmingly Protestant--only about half of the people profess that faith. There are several art galleries in Memphis, including, most prominently, the Dixon Gallery. Females made up approximately 51% of the population. Opera Memphis, the region's opera company, performs at the Clark Opera Memphis Center in East Memphis.

7.1% of Illinois' population were reported as under 5, 26.1% under 18, and 12.1% were 65 or older. Ballet Memphis, which is the region's only major ballet company, performs at The Orpheum Theatre. The top 5 ancestry groups in Illinois are German (19.6%), African American (15.1%), Irish (12.2%), Mexican (9.2%), Polish (7.5%). The Memphis area is home to many of West Tennessee's larger arts and culutral organizations, such as the Memphis Symphony Orchestra, which performs at the Cannon Center for the Performing Arts in Downtown Memphis. Racially, the state is:. Carnival salutes various aspects of Memphis and its industries, and is reigned over by the current year's secretly selected King & Queen of Carnival. The rest of the population lives in the smaller cities and on the farms that dot the state's gently rolling plains. Carnival Memphis (formerly known as the Memphis Cotton Carnival), is a series of parties and festivities staged every year by the Carnival Memphis Association and its member krewes (similar to that of Mardi Gras) during the early summer.

More than half of the population of Illinois lives in and around Chicago, the leading industrial and transportation center in the region. Jude Classic, a PGA Tour golf tournament. At the northern edge of the state on Lake Michigan lies Chicago, the nation's third largest city. Also part of Memphis in May is the FedEx St. Census Bureau, as of 2003, the population of Illinois was 12,653,544. Each year, the city honors a foreign country, and each weekend hosts a special event, including the World Championship Barbeque Cooking Contest and the Beale Street Music Festival. According to the U.S. The Mid-South Fair comes to the city every fall, and every May there is the Memphis in May.

Its industrial outputs are machinery, food processing, electrical equipment, chemical products, publishing, fabricated metal products, transportation equipment, petroleum and coal. There is Libertyland Amusement Park and the adjacent Liberty Bowl and Memphis Children's Museum, Mud Island, Detour Memphis - an art and performing space, Lichterman Nature Center, the Pink Palace Museum, The Pyramid, The Memphis Zoo, the Memphis Queen riverboat. Illinois' agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat. King used to play his guitar, and occasionally still appears at a club bearing his name and partly owned by him. The per capita income was $32,965. Blues fans can head down to Beale Street, where a young B.B. The 2003 total gross state product for Illinois was $499 billion, placing it 5th in the nation. Other famous musicians who got their start at Sun include Johnny Cash, Rufus Thomas, Charlie Rich, Howlin' Wolf, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis.

In extreme northwestern Illinois the Driftless Area, a region of unglaciated and therefore comparatively higher and more rugged topography, occupies a small part of the state. Rock and roll is located in the city also. Both figures are as of 2004. Sun studios was where Elvis first recorded "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin". while Cook County is the largest county in terms of population, at 5,327,777. Tourists come from all over the world to see Graceland, the home of Elvis Presley. McLean County, is the largest county in terms of land area, at 1,184 sq mi. Out of the total population, 30.1% of those under the age of 18 and 15.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

This division comprises the area generally along and south of Interstate 70. 20.6% of the population and 17.2% of families are below the poverty line. The combination of coal mining and industrialization, especially in the region around Saint Louis, Missouri, has caused the region to lean Democratic politically. The per capita income for the city is $17,838. The third division is Southern Illinois, or Little Egypt, distinguished from the other two by its warmer climate, different mix of crops (including some cotton farming in the past), more rugged unglaciated topography, coal mining, and proximity to the juncture of the Mississippi River and Ohio River. Males have a median income of $31,236 versus $25,183 for females. This region's largely rural character helps to sustain a heavily Republican voting pattern and widespread antipathy toward Chicago. The median income for a household in the city is $32,285, and the median income for a family is $37,767.

Major cities include famously average Peoria, Springfield (the state capital), and Champaign-Urbana (home of the University of Illinois). For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.9 males. Agriculture, particularly corn and soybeans, figures prominently. For every 100 females there are 89.8 males. Known as the Land of Lincoln, it is characterized by small towns and mid-sized cities. The median age is 32 years. Southward and westward, the second major division is Central Illinois, an area of rolling hills and flat prairie. In the city the population is spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who are 65 years of age or older.

While this tendency has historically been balanced by Republican voters in the suburbs, Democrats have significantly increased their suburban support in the past decade. The average household size is 2.52 and the average family size is 3.18. The city of Chicago is heavily Democratic. 30.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. This region is cosmopolitan, densely populated, industrialized, and settled by a variety of ethnic groups. There are 250,721 households out of which 31.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% are married couples living together, 23.8% have a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% are non-families. This region includes a few counties in Indiana and Wisconsin and streches across much of the Northern Illinois toward the Iowa border, generally along and north of Interstate 80. 2.97% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The first is Chicagoland, including the city of Chicago, its suburbs, and the adjoining exurban area into which the metropolis is expanding. The racial makeup of the city is 34.41% White, 61.41% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Illinois has three major geographical divisions. There are 271,552 housing units at an average density of 375.4/km (972.2/mi). Illinois also borders Michigan, but only via a water boundary in Lake Michigan. The population density is 898.6/km (2,327.4/mi). and borders on Lake Michigan. Surrounding states are Wisconsin to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the west, Kentucky to the south, and Indiana to the east. As of the census2 of 2000, there are 650,100 people, 250,721 households, and 158,455 families residing in the city.

It is in the north-central U.S. Slightly over 80% of office space in the city is occupied. See List of Illinois counties. Memphis as a whole contains about twenty million square feet (2,000,000 m) of office space, with the downtown area containing only around four million square feet (400,000 m). The judiciary is comprised of the state supreme court, which oversees the lower appelate courts and circuit courts. Memphis' Division of Light, Gas and Water ("MLGW") is one of the largest municipal utitilites in the United States. Legislative functions are given to the Illinois General Assembly, comprised of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representatives and the 59-member Illinois State Senate. Because of its status as the primary hub for FedEx, Memphis International Airport is currently the world's busiest cargo airport in terms of tonnage.

The executive branch is led by the Governor of Illinois. It is also the headquarters of FedEx shipping. As codified in the state constitution, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. Memphis is a center of manufacture of textiles, heating equipment, pianos, and automobile and truck parts. The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era. Public transportation in the Memphis area is provided by the Memphis Area Transit Authority (http://www.matatransit.com), which provides the area with buses and a downtown trolley system that is also in the process of expanding into a regional system. Seventeen cavalry regiments were also mustered, as well as two light artillery regiments. The future interstates of I-22 and I-69 are also planned to converge into the Memphis area.

Beginning with President Lincoln's first call for troops and continuing throughout the war, Illinois mustered 150 infantry regiments (see Illinois in the Civil War), which were numbered from the 7th IL to the 156th IL. The interstates of I-40 and I-55 (along with rail lines) cross the Mississippi at Memphis into the state of Arkansas. During the Civil War, over 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army, more than any other northern state except New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Interstate highways I-40, its spur highway I-240 and I-55 are the main freeways in the Memphis area. By 1857, Chicago was Illinois' largest city (see History of Chicago). The Memphis metopolitan area encompasses the counties of Fayette, Tipton, and Shelby in Tennessee, DeSoto, Marshall, Tate, Tunica in Mississippi, and Crittenden in Arkansas. Chicago gained prominence as a canal port after 1848, and as a rail hub soon afterward. Census.

Illinois is known as the "Land of Lincoln" because it is here that the 16th President spent his formative years. The Memphis metropolitan area has a populuation of 1,195,977, according to the 2000 U.S. With the 1832 Black Hawk War, the last native tribes were driven out of northern Illinois. Memphis is the primary city of a metropolitan region including parts of Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. settlement began in the south part of the state and quickly spread northward, driving out the native residents. Major Memphis parks include Tom Lee Park, Audubon Park, Overton Park and the Memphis Botanic Garden. Early U.S. The total area is 5.24% water.

state. 723.4 km (279.3 mi) of it is land and 40.0 km (15.4 mi) of it is water. In 1818, Illinois became the 21st U.S. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 763.4 km (294.8 mi). The Illinois Territory was created on February 3, 1809. Memphis is located at 357'3" North, 8958'16" West (35.117365, -89.971068)1. The Illinois-Wabash Company was an early claimant to much of Illinois. See also: List of mayors of Memphis.

The area was ceded to the new United States in 1783 and became part of the Northwest Territory. There has been in recent years the idea thrown around of the potential of the merger of county government of Shelby County and City of Memphis into a metropolitan government similar to that in Nashville. As a result of their exploration, Illinois was part of the French empire until 1763, when it passed to the British. Herenton served for 12 years as the superintendent of Memphis City Schools. and Louis Joliet explored the Illinois River in 1673. Prior to his election, Dr. French explorers Jacques Marquette,S.J. He was elected for the first time in 1991, when he became Memphis' first black mayor.

The Ilini were replaced in Illinois by the Potawatomi, Miami, Sauk, and other tribes. Herenton is currently serving his fourth consecutive term as Mayor. The Illini suffered in the seventeenth century as Iroquois expansion forced them to compete with several tribes for land. Dr. The Illiniwek gave Illinois its name. Herenton. The next major power in the region was the Illiniwek Confederation, a political alliance among several tribes. W.

That civilization vanished circa 1400-1500 for unknown reasons. W. Cahokia, the urban center of the pre-Columbian Mississippian culture, was located near present-day Collinsville, Illinois. The current mayor of Memphis is Dr. The USS Illinois was named in honor of this state. This plan provides for nine districts, seven with one representative each and two districts with three representatives each. postal abbreviation for the state is IL. In 1995, the council adopted a new district plan which changed council positions to all districts.

The U.S. The new city charter provided for the election of a mayor and thirteen council members, six elected at large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts. Most of the state's population resides in Chicago and its suburbs. Since 1966, Memphis has been governed by the "weak mayor" form of mayor-council government. The capital of Illinois is Springfield while its largest city is Chicago, along the waterfront of Lake Michigan. "Boss" Crump. The word Illiniwek means simply "the people". H.

Its name was given by the state's French explorers after the indigenous Illiniwek people, a consortium of Algonquin tribes that thrived in the area. From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a hotbed of machine politics under the direction of E. Illinois (pronounced [ˌɪləˈnɔɪ] or occasionally [ˌɪləˈnɔɪz]) constitutes the 21st state of the United States, located in the former Northwest Territory. In 1897, Memphis' pyramid-shaped pavilion was a conspicuous part of the Tennessee Centennial exposition. State tree: White oak (Quercus alba). A yellow fever epidemic in 1870 greatly reduced the population for many years thereafter. State snack: Popcorn. At the conclusion of the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862 during the American Civil War, Union forces captured Memphis from Confederate control.

State song: "Illinois". The city was founded in 1819 and incorporated as a city in 1826. State slogan: "Land of Lincoln". The French built Fort Prudhomme in the vicinity. State prairie grass: Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii). The Spanish explorer, Hernando de Soto, is believed to have visited what is now the Memphis area. State motto: "State sovereignty, national union". Memphis was settled by the Chickasaw tribe.

State mineral: Fluorite.
. State insect: Monarch butterfly. Memphis is on the Lower Chickasaw Bluff above the Mississippi River, at the mouth of the Wolf River. State fossil: Tully Monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium). King. State flower: Purple violet (Viola sororia). B.

State fish: Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus). Memphis was home to Elvis Presley and is home to B. State dance: Square dance. The city is particularly known for blues music and barbecue. State capital: Springfield. (This makes Memphis the largest city but second largest metropolitan area in Tennessee, surpassed by Metropolitan Nashville). State bird: Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis). The greater Memphis metropolitan area had a population of 1,195,977.

State animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 650,100 within the city limits, making it the largest city in the state of Tennessee, United States. Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President, is buried in Springfield, Illinois. Memphis is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, of which it is the county seat. Ronald Reagan, the 40th President, was born in Tampico, Illinois. 357'3" N
8958'16" W
(35.117365, -89.971068)1. Non-Religious – 8%. Latitude
Longitude
 .

Other Religions – 3%.
650,100. Other Christian – 1%.
 - Total (2000). Roman Catholic – 33%.
. Protestant – 51%. Kenneth Lawrence Beaudoin (Poet).

1.9% mixed race. William Eggleston (Author). 0.2% American Indian. Shelby Foote (Author). 3.4% Asian. Richard Halliburton (explorer and author). 12.3% Hispanic. Ric Flair (professional wrestling) was born in Memphis, but was adopted in infancy by a couple in the Twin Cities and grew up there.

15.1% Black. Jerry Lawler (professional wrestling)

    . 67.8% White Non-Hispanic. Nathan Bedford Forrest. The Junior United States Senator is Barack Obama (Democrat). John Daly (golf). Durbin (Democrat). Cary Middlecoff (golf).

    The Senior United States Senator is Richard J. Dr. The Treasurer of Illinois is Judy Baar Topinka (Republican). Anfernee "Penny" Hardaway (basketball). The Secretary of State of Illinois is Jesse White (Democrat). Judge Joe Brown. The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is Pat Quinn (Democrat). Abe Fortas.

    The Governor of Illinois is Rod Blagojevich (Democrat). Harold Ford, Jr. Kemmons Wilson. Fred Smith. Kallen Esperian.

    Justin Timberlake. Rufus Thomas. Cybill Shepherd. Daniel Schneider.

    Steve Ross. Elvis Presley. Hilton McConnico. King.

    B.B. Isaac Hayes. Handy. W.C.

    George Hamilton. Morgan Freeman. Rey Flemings. Alex Chilton.

    David Catching. Dixie Carter. Chris Bell. Kathy Bates.

    Theatre Works. The Orpheum Theatre. Theatre Memphis. Circuit Playhouse.

    Playhouse on the Square. Pink Palace Museum and Planetarium. Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum. Memphis Museum Hall of Fame.

    Fire Museum. MS). Memphis River Kings (Hockey) (Play at Desoto Civic Center in Desoto Co. Memphis Blues (Rugby).

    Memphis Grizzlies (NBA) (Play at FedExForum). Louis Cardinals system) (Play at AutoZone Park). Memphis Redbirds (Pacific Coast League / St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, where Nobel Leaureate Peter Doherty conducts research.

    St. University of Tennessee Health Science Center (founded 1911). University of Memphis (formerly Memphis State University) (founded 1912). Southwest Tennessee Community College (formerly Shelby State Community College).

    Southern College of Optometry (founded 1932). Rhodes College (formerly Southwestern at Memphis)(founded 1848). Memphis College of Art (founded 1936). Le Moyne-Owen College (founded 1871).

    Harding University Graduate School of Religion. Christian Brothers University (founded 1871). Baptist Memorial College of Health Sciences (established 1994). Memphis Tri-State Defender.

    Memphis Flyer. Memphis Business Journal. The Daily News. The Commercial Appeal.

    ServiceMaster. Hilton. Harrah's. Union Planters Bank.

    Northwest Airlines (hub only, no headquarters). Co. Hohenberg Bros. Guardsmark.

    First Tennessee Bank. Buckeye Technologies. Belz Enterprises. Back Yard Burgers.

    International Paper (operational headquarters only; global hdqtrs in Stamford, Connecticut). FedEx. AutoZone. Whitehaven.

    Victorian Village. Uptown. Southside. South Memphis.

    South Bluffs. Rozelle Annesdale. Raleigh. Orange Mound.

    Mud Island. Midtown. Medical District. Lenox.

    Harbor Town. Frayser. East Memphis. East End.

    Downtown. Cordova. Cooper-Young. Chickasaw Gardens.

    Central Gardens. Annesdale Snowden. Annesdale Park.

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