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Icy Tower is a freeware video game created by Johan Peitz of Free Lunch Design, inspired by Xjump. In the game, the player controls Harold the Homeboy whose goal is to climb the tower as high as he can by jumping up floors, and earn points while doing so.
The Tower consists of floors in different sizes and is of infinite height. The player's goal is to reach higher and higher floors without falling (i.e. jumping but missing a floor and falling past the bottom of the screen), as well as to keep ahead and above of the ever-faster upward scrolling of the game (explained under 'Scrolling').
Your character will constantly accelerate as long as it moves. The faster it runs, the higher and longer it will jump. Hitting walls (the sides of the tower) and immediately turning around generally maintains your character's speed.
As the player escalates the tower, it will start to scroll upwards slowly and the player will have to keep up in order to not fall off the screen. This is not so hard in the beginning since the scrolling is very slow, but every 30 seconds, an alarm clock will sound and the scrolling will go slightly faster. There is a clock in the upper left corner of the screen that shows how much time is left until the next speed-up.
You will get 10 points for each floor you reach. This alone will not gain you any great scores however. To be really victorious, you will have to make cool jumps, combo-jumps, for which you will be awarded n2 points for every n floors jumped in one combo.
Players either thrive for the highest score they can achieve (by making the biggest combo they can jump), or to reach the highest floor they can.
After making a combo-jump, you are given a reward as well as points. The bigger the combo, the greater the reward. As of 1.2, rewards are simply a flashy message along with the following words, spoken after the player has successfully finished a combo.
Every 100 floors, the floor type (the way the floors look) changes. As of version 1.2, there are a total of 10 floor types, type 1 being floors 0-99 and type 10 being floors 900 and above. Version 1.3 features one more floor type (called "chain-floor"), which starts off from floor 1000, and can not be unlocked or seen in lower floors.
Icy Tower features the ability to start the game with a floor type of your choice, but only after you have successfully landed on the actual floor where that particular type begins.
Version 1.2 introduced the ability to save replays of games. This gives the player the ability to provide proof of their highest scores, combos and floors. The offspring of this ability is the global High Score List, which lists the best Icy Tower scores, combos, and floors, and allows internet users to download replays of those events.
Note: You must have Icy Tower installed on your computer to view downloaded replays.
Version 1.2 introduced the ability to play with custom characters. Icy Tower comes with two default characters: Harold the Homeboy and Disco Dave. Icy Tower also comes with a template character, allowing fans to create their own characters, with their own graphics, sound effects, and background music. Characters can be downloaded from the internet. The Icy Tower resource page or Icy Tower fan page offers some of them.
A few mods exist for the game. Some of them are graphical mods, and some of them change the gameplay. The following are gameplay mods by RamboBones, which work only for version 1.2:
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The following are gameplay mods by RamboBones, which work only for version 1.2:. Bush. Some of them are graphical mods, and some of them change the gameplay. This would mean that he is descended from Edward I of England, and thus is a distant relative of George W. A few mods exist for the game. Burke's Peerage speculated that General Colin Powell's great-great-great-grandmother was an illegitimate child of Sir Eyre Coote — the Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica — and an African slave. The Icy Tower resource page or Icy Tower fan page offers some of them. Powell underwent surgery in 2003 for prostate cancer and made a full recovery.
Characters can be downloaded from the internet. The character of General Casey, played by Paul Winfield, in the 1996 film Mars Attacks! is widely regarded to have been based on Colin Powell. . Icy Tower also comes with a template character, allowing fans to create their own characters, with their own graphics, sound effects, and background music. Powell is a recipient of the Silver Buffalo Award, the highest adult award given by the Boy Scouts of America. Icy Tower comes with two default characters: Harold the Homeboy and Disco Dave. Walker Distinguished Humanitarian Service Award for his contributions to Africa. Version 1.2 introduced the ability to play with custom characters. In 2005 Powell received the Bishop John T.
Note: You must have Icy Tower installed on your computer to view downloaded replays.. The shield can be shown surrounded by the insignia of an honorary Knight Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath (KCB), an award the General received after the first Gulf War. The offspring of this ability is the global High Score List, which lists the best Icy Tower scores, combos, and floors, and allows internet users to download replays of those events. The lion may be an allusion to Scotland. This gives the player the ability to provide proof of their highest scores, combos and floors. The swords and stars refer to the former general's career, as does the crest, which is the badge of the 101st Airborne (which he served as a brigade commander in the mid-1970's). Version 1.2 introduced the ability to save replays of games. And in an escrol over the same this motto, "DEVOTED TO PUBLIC SERVICE.".
Icy Tower features the ability to start the game with a floor type of your choice, but only after you have successfully landed on the actual floor where that particular type begins. Azure, two swords in saltire points downwards between four mullets Argent, on a chief of the Second a lion passant Gules. On a wreath of the Liveries is set for Crest the head of an American bald-headed eagle erased Proper. Version 1.3 features one more floor type (called "chain-floor"), which starts off from floor 1000, and can not be unlocked or seen in lower floors. Blazoned as:. As of version 1.2, there are a total of 10 floor types, type 1 being floors 0-99 and type 10 being floors 900 and above. Scotland's King of Arms was asked to make the grant as the family of Colin Powell's mother is from Aberdeenshire. Every 100 floors, the floor type (the way the floors look) changes. Technically the grant was to Powell's father (a British subject) to be passed on by descent.
As of 1.2, rewards are simply a flashy message along with the following words, spoken after the player has successfully finished a combo. The Coat of Arms of Colin Powell was granted by the Lord Lyon in Edinburgh on February 4, 2004. The bigger the combo, the greater the reward. On December 15, 1993, Colin Powell was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. After making a combo-jump, you are given a reward as well as points. Several schools and other institutions have been named in his honor and he holds honorary degrees from universities and colleges across the country. Players either thrive for the highest score they can achieve (by making the biggest combo they can jump), or to reach the highest floor they can. Powell's civilian awards include two Presidential Medals of Freedom, the President's Citizens Medal, the Congressional Gold Medal, the Secretary of State Distinguished Service Medal, and the Secretary of Energy Distinguished Service Medal.
To be really victorious, you will have to make cool jumps, combo-jumps, for which you will be awarded n2 points for every n floors jumped in one combo. In addition to being reported in the press (though generally, the expletive was censored in the US press), the quote was used by James Naughtie in his book, "The Accidental American: Tony Blair and the Presidency". This alone will not gain you any great scores however. Powell was the subject of controversy in 2004 when, in a conversation with British Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, he referred to neocons within the Bush administration (Cheney, Rumsfeld and others) as "fucking crazies". You will get 10 points for each floor you reach. However, Powell is opposed to allowing gays to serve openly in the military and played a crucial role in derailing President Clinton's 1993 plans on that matter. There is a clock in the upper left corner of the screen that shows how much time is left until the next speed-up. He is pro-choice regarding abortion, in support of affirmative action, and in favor of "reasonable" gun control.
This is not so hard in the beginning since the scrolling is very slow, but every 30 seconds, an alarm clock will sound and the scrolling will go slightly faster. A moderate Republican, Powell is well known for his willingness to support liberal or centrist causes. As the player escalates the tower, it will start to scroll upwards slowly and the player will have to keep up in order to not fall off the screen. He is reportedly being considered to become a member of the Harvard Corporation after Conrad Harper. Hitting walls (the sides of the tower) and immediately turning around generally maintains your character's speed. On January 5, 2006, he participated in a meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officals. The faster it runs, the higher and longer it will jump. .
Your character will constantly accelerate as long as it moves. In September 2005, Powell slammed the US response to Hurricane Katrina. jumping but missing a floor and falling past the bottom of the screen), as well as to keep ahead and above of the ever-faster upward scrolling of the game (explained under 'Scrolling'). In July 2005, Powell joined Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers, a well-known Silicon Valley venture capital firm, with the title of "strategic limited partner.". The player's goal is to reach higher and higher floors without falling (i.e. Staff members on the committee believe that Bolton was probably spying on Powell, his senior advisers and other officials reporting to him on diplomatic initiatives that Bolton opposed." . The Tower consists of floors in different sizes and is of infinite height. It added that "The foreign relations committee has discovered that Bolton made a highly unusual request and gained access to 10 intercepts by the National Security Agency..
. On 28 April The Guardian reported that Powell was in fact "conducting a campaign" against Bolton because of the acrimonious battles they had had whilst working together, which among other things had resulted in Powell cutting Bolton out of talks with Iran and Libya after complaints about Bolton's involvement from the British. In the game, the player controls Harold the Homeboy whose goal is to climb the tower as high as he can by jumping up floors, and earn points while doing so. The decision was viewed as potentially dealing significant damage to Bolton's chances of confirmation. Icy Tower is a freeware video game created by Johan Peitz of Free Lunch Design, inspired by Xjump. Bolton as ambassador to the United Nations (Powell had clashed with him during Bush's first term). RamboMod - enables customization of the speed and floor sizes of the game. After retiring from the role of Secretary of State, Powell returned to private life, but in April 2005 he telephoned Republican senators Lincoln Chafee and Chuck Hagel to express his opposition to the nomination of John R.
SolidFloor - floors are completely solid, so you can't jump on them from below. He appeared on the networks that were broadcasting New Year's Eve specials and talked about this honor, as well as being a native of New York City, ABC, CNN,  and Fox News Channel. ProFloor - the floors are shorter. On December 31, 2004, Powell rang in the New Year by throwing the ball in Times Square with New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, ushering in the year 2005. FastFloor - the game goes slightly (~120%) faster. The accusation came at the same time as the settlement of an agreement between the IAEA, the European Union and Iran. The New York Times indicated that the accusation was founded on a single, unreliable source.
In mid-November, Colin Powell stated that he had information indicating that Iran was adapting missiles for a nuclear delivery system. News of his resignation spurred mixed reactions from politicians around the world—some upset at the loss of a statesman seen as a moderating factor within the Bush administration, but others hoping for Powell's successor to wield more influence within the cabinet, and thus be a more credible negotiator. Bush nominated National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, as Powell's successor. The following day, George W.
He announced that he would stay on until his replacement's confirmation by Congress. Colin Powell announced his resignation on Monday, November 15, 2004. Claiming that he was unaware that some intelligence officials questioned the information prior to his presentation, Powell pushed for reform in the intelligence community, including the creation of a national intelligence director who would assure that "what one person knew, everyone else knew". On September 13, 2004, Powell testified before the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee,  acknowledging that the sources who provided much of the information in his February 2003 UN presentation were "wrong" and that it was "unlikely" that any stockpiles of WMDs would be found.
After Saddam Hussein had been deposed, Powell's new role was to once again establish a working international coalition, this time to assist in the rebuilding of post-war Iraq. At times, infighting between the Powell-led State Department, the Rumsfeld-led Defense Department, and Vice President Dick Cheney's office had the effect of paralyzing the administration on crucial issues, such as what actions to take regarding Iran and North Korea. Because Powell is seen as more moderate than most figures in the administration, he has been spared many of the attacks that have been leveled at more controversial advocates of the invasion, such as Donald Rumsfeld and Paul Wolfowitz. It's painful now." .
It was painful. He went on to say, "it will always be a part of my record. In September 2005, Powell was asked about the speech during an interview with Barbara Walters and responded that it was a "blot" on his record. Reports have indicated that Powell himself was skeptical of the evidence presented to him.
 The administration is currently under fire for having acted on faulty intelligence. Some of the claims were taken out, but others were left in, such as claims based on the yellowcake forgery. State Department analysts had found dozens of factual problems in drafts of the speech. A Senate report on intelligence failures would later detail the intense debate that went on behind the scenes on what to include in Powell's speech.
While Powell's oratorical skills and personal conviction were acknowledged, there was an overall rejection of the evidence Powell offered that the regime of Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). Citing "numerous" anonymous Iraqi defectors, Powell asserted that "there can be no doubt that Saddam Hussein has biological weapons and the capability to rapidly produce more, many more."  Powell also stated that there was "no doubt in my mind" that Saddam was working to obtain key components to produce nuclear weapons. To this end, Powell addressed a plenary session of the United Nations Security Council on February 5, 2003 to argue in favor of military action. Powell's chief role was to garner international support for a multi-national coalition to mount the invasion.
Powell was placed at the forefront of this diplomatic campaign. He was also successful in persuading Bush to take the case of Iraq to the United Nations, and in moderating other initiatives. The main concession Powell wanted before he would offer his full support for the Iraq War was the involvement of the international community in the invasion, as opposed to the unilateral approach some of the hawks were advocating. He had often clashed with the hawks in the administration, who were reportedly planning an Iraq invasion even before the September 11 attacks—an insight supported by testimony by former terorrism czar Richard Clarke in front of the 9/11 Commission.
However, Powell eventually agreed to go along with the Bush administration's determination to remove Hussein. As was the case in the days leading up to the Persian Gulf War, Powell was initially opposed to a forcible overthrow of Hussein, preferring to continue a policy of containment. In a press statement on February 24, 2001 he had said that sanctions against Iraq had prevented the development of any weapons of mass destruction by Saddam Hussein. More recently, Powell has come under fire for his role in building the case for the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.
Later investigations by human rights organizations and the United Nations confirmed the Israeli estimate for the number of Palestinians, including militants, dead in the fighting, placing the figure at 52. These critical comments came at a time when details of the events at Jenin were still unclear. In April 2002, he visited the site of the alleged Jenin Massacre in the occupied West Bank and later said while testifying to Congress, "I've seen no evidence that would suggest a massacre took place." Recalling the My Lai episode, critics condemned Powell as a "company man" unwilling to confront uncomfortable realities or rock the boat. However, some of his actions during the War on Terrorism have been controversial, prompting heavy criticism from some parties.
After September 11, Powell's job became of critical importance in managing America's relationships with foreign countries in order to secure a stable coalition in the War on Terrorism. Secretary of State in 30 years, which may have contributed to the declining image of the United States abroad. However, over the course of his tenure he traveled less than any other U.S. Powell's great asset was his tremendous popularity among the American people.
As Secretary of State in the Bush administration, Powell was perceived as moderate, his pragmatism serving as a balance to more ideology-driven hawks, such as Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld and his colleagues Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle. Bush eventually won, and Colin Powell was appointed as the first African American Secretary of State. At the same time, it was often hinted that Powell might be appointed to a position within a Democratic administration, should Al Gore win. Bush, serving as a key foreign policy advisor to the campaign.
Presidential Election Powell campaigned for Texas Governor George W. In the 2000 U.S. The affair caused some controversy as it called into question the Powells' impartiality in the matter. Powell's stock in the company reportedly increased in value by US$4 million.
Powell's son, Michael, was a member of the Federal Communications Commission at the time, and he was the only commissioner who advocated letting the AOL-Time Warner deal go through without scrutiny. Colin Powell was serving on the board of America Online when it announced its intention to merge with Time Warner in January, 2000. Powell often wears the logo of the organization in the form of a red wagon pin on his lapel. In 1997 Powell founded America's Promise with the objective of helping children from all socioeconomic sectors.
Presidential Election, but Powell declined, it is rumored, at the advice of his wife. He was touted as a possible opponent of Bill Clinton in the 1996 U.S. Powell eventually declared himself a Republican, and began to campaign for Republican candidates. Many Democrats admired his moderate stance on military matters, while many Republicans saw him as a great asset associated with the successes of past Republican administrations.
Colin Powell's experience in military matters made him a very popular figure with both American political parties. In addition, he pursued a career as a public speaker, addressing audiences across the country and abroad. Following his retirement from the armed services, Powell wrote a best-selling memoir, My American Journey. Another controversial part of his career is that Powell also had an operational role in the illegal Iran-Contra affair, acting as the initial coordinator for selling missiles to Iran in exchange for American hostages.
Powell's response was largely seen as a cover-up; he wrote: "In direct refutation of this portrayal is the fact that relations between American soldiers and the Vietnamese people are excellent.". During the Vietnam War, Powell, as deputy assistant chief of staff at the Americal (the 23rd Infantry Division) with the rank of Major, was charged with investigating a detailed letter by Tom Glen (a soldier from the 11th Light Infantry Brigade), which backed up rumored allegations of the My Lai massacre. Powell's successful career within the military has not been entirely free of controversy, however. Thus, while initially opposing the plan that would become Operation Desert Storm, Powell nevertheless supported it once it became official policy, and gave it his full dedication.
As an officer, Powell also valued loyalty very highly, and as a result, did not usually undermine policies he disagreed with after they were implemented. Bush Administration officials who advocated the deployment of troops to the Middle East to force Iraqi president Saddam Hussein to withdraw his armies from neighbouring Kuwait, believing the dictator could instead be contained through sanctions and a buildup of forces around Kuwait, a plan soon dubbed Powell doctrine. He was opposed to the majority of George H.W. Charles Gettys, the commander of the Americal Division.
Gen. He single-handedly rescued several men from a burning helicopter, one of them being Maj. It was also during his Vietnam service, his second tour, that Powell was decorated for bravery. The massive infection nearly killed him and it shortened his first tour.
Powell served a tour in Vietnam as a military advisor, and was badly injured when he stepped on a bamboo "punji stick". He felt the leadership was very ineffective. Powell mentioned in his autobiography that he is haunted by the nightmare of the Vietnam War. He rarely advocated military intervention as the first solution to an international dispute, and instead usually prescribed diplomacy and containment.
During these events, Powell earned a reputation as being a very dovish military leader. During this time, he oversaw 28 crises, including Operation Desert Storm in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. His last military assignment, from October 1, 1989 to September 30, 1993, was as the 12th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the highest military position in the Department of Defense. At the age of 49, Powell left the army to become Ronald Reagan's last National Security Advisor, from 1987 to 1989.
Many of Powell's supporters have said this was pettiness and spite on Hudachek's part. Hudachek said in an efficiency evaluation that Powell was a poor leader who should not be promoted. It was there that he had a major clash with General John Hudachek his commander. In the early 1980s, Powell served at Fort Carson, Colorado.
Ward Churchill is one of those who has accused Powell of being reponsible for the 'cover-up'. So, in war, these sorts of horrible things happen every now and again, but they are still to be deplored." . I got there after My Lai happened. Powell said to Larry King, "I mean, I was in a unit that was responsible for My Lai.
On May 4, 2004, United States Secretary of State Colin L. Powell wrote: "In direct refutation of this portrayal is the fact that relations between American soldiers and the Vietnamese people are excellent." Later, Powell's refutation would be called an act of "white-washing" the news of the Massacre, and questions would continue to remain undisclosed to the public. He was then a US Army Major, charged with investigating the massacre. Powell is connected with the My Lai Massacre.
Powell always professed, however, that what set Emerson apart was his great love of his soldiers and concern for their welfare. For example, he insisted his troops train only at night and made them repeatedly watch the television film Brian's Song to promote racial harmony. Emerson was somewhat eccentric personally. Powell said he regarded this man as one of the most caring officers he ever served under.
As a young Lieutenant-Colonel serving in South Korea, for example, Powell was very close to General Henry "Gunfighter" Emerson. In his autobiography My American Journey, Powell mentioned several officers he served under that inspired and mentored him. Powell obtained an MBA from George Washington University in 1971 and then served a White House fellowship under President Richard Nixon. Powell was a professional soldier for 35 years, during which time he held a variety of command and staff positions and rose to the rank of 4-star General.
Even after Powell became a four star general, he still kept on his desk a pen set that he won for a drill team competition. This was the elite ROTC drill team named after General of the Army John Pershing. Cadet Powell joined the Pershing Rifles. He later described it as one of the happiest experiences of his life finding something he loved and could do well.
He later spoke of how he "found himself" when he joined ROTC. An indifferent student, Powell attended the City College of New York and obtained a degree in geology. He wrote in his autobiography "Its the luck of the draw when you are given parents and I couldn't have been luckier". Powell always spoke warmly of his parents as loving and hard working.
His parents had immigrated from Jamaica. Colin Powell was born in The Bronx, New York City in 1937. . As a general in the United States Army, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989) and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993).
Nominated by Bush on December 16, 2000 and unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate, Powell became the highest ranking African American government official in the history of the United States (now having been tied by his successor, Condoleezza Rice). Bush. Colin Luther Powell, KCB, (born April 5, 1937) was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving from January 20, 2001 to January 23, 2005 under President George W. Vietnam Gallantry Cross Vietnam Gallantry Cross Unit Citation with Palm.
Vietnam Campaign Medal. Army Staff Identification Badge. Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Identification Badge. Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge.
Presidential Service Badge. Parachutist Badge. Air Assault Badge. Ranger Tab.
Combat Infantryman Badge. Army Service Ribbon. Army Overseas Service Ribbon with numeral 3. Vietnam Service Medal with one silver service star.
National Defense Service Medal with one bronze service star. Army Commendation Medal with two oak leaf clusters. Joint Service Commendation Medal. Air Medal.
Purple Heart. Bronze Star Medal. Soldier's Medal. Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster.
Defense Superior Service Medal. Army Distinguished Service Medal with oak leaf cluster. Defense Distinguished Service Medal with three oak leaf clusters. General: 4 April 1989.
Lieutenant General: 1 July 1986. Major General: 1 August 1983. Brigadier General: 1 June 1979. Colonel: 1 February 1976.
Lieutenant Colonel: 9 July 1970. Major: 24 May 1966. Captain: 2 June 1962. First Lieutenant: 30 December 1959.
Second Lieutenant: 9 June 1957.