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Hollister can refer to:. Examples include the Maldives in the Indian Ocean and Line Islands in the Pacific. Hollister Ranch Realty, Hollister Ranch sales. Atolls are typically ring-shaped with a central lagoon. Hollister Incorporated, a medical device company. The reef rises to the surface of the water and forms a new island. Hollister Ranch, a ranch north of Santa Barbara, California, USA. An atoll is an island formed from a coral reef that has grown on an eroded and submerged volcanic island.
Hollister Co., a clothing company. Tristan da Cunha is an example of a hotspot volcano in the Atlantic Ocean. Hollister, California, a place in the United States. The southernmost chain is the Austral Islands, with its northerly trending part the atolls in the nation of Tuvalu. Another chain with similar orientation is the Tuamotu Archipelago; its older, northerly trend is the Line Islands. An example is the Hawaiian Islands, from Hawaii to Kure, which then extends beneath the sea surface in a more northerly direction as the Emperor Seamounts.
Plate movement across a hot-spot produces a line of islands oriented in the direction of the plate movement. Over long periods of time, this type of island is eventually eroded down and "drowned" by isostatic adjustment, becoming a seamount. A hot spot is more or less stationary relative to the moving tectonic plate above it, so a chain of islands results as the plate drifts. A third type of volcanic island are those formed over volcanic hotspots.
There are two examples: Iceland, which is the world's largest volcanic island, and Jan Mayen—both are in the Atlantic. Another type of volcanic island occurs where an oceanic rift reaches the surface. Some of the Lesser Antilles and the South Sandwich Islands are the only Atlantic Ocean examples. Examples include the Mariana Islands, the Aleutian Islands, and most of Tonga in the Pacific Ocean.
These islands arise from volcanoes where the subduction of one plate under another is occurring. One type of volcanic island is found in a volcanic island arc. Mid-ocean examples are not part of any continent. Volcanic islands are built by volcanoes.
While some are ephemeral, and may disappear if the river's water volume or speed changes, others are stable and long-lived. In essence, they are river bars, isolated in the stream. They are caused by deposition of sediment at points in the flow where the current loses some of its carrying capacity. River islands occur in river deltas and in large rivers.
Another subtype is the barrier island: an accumulation of sand on the continental shelf. The Kerguelen Islands and some of the Seychelles are also examples. The best example is Madagascar off of Africa. A special type of continental island is the microcontinental island, which results when a continent is rifted.
Examples include Greenland and Sable Island off North America, Barbados and Trinidad off South America, Sicily off Europe, Sumatra and Java off Asia, New Guinea and Tasmania off Australia. Continental islands are bodies of land that lie upon the continental shelf of a continent. . A grouping of related islands is called an archipelago.
There are also man-made or artificial islands. There are three main types of islands: continental islands, river islands, and volcanic islands. The letter "s" was added out of a mistaken belief that the word derived from isle (< Old French < Latin insula) + land, although no such etymological relationship existed. It was originally spelled phonetically: iland.
The word island derives ultimately from the Old English word igland. A key or cay is another name for a relatively small island or islet. It is also proper to call an emergent land feature on an atoll an islet, since an atoll is a type of island, although this convention is seldom adhered to. Very small islands are called islets.
An island or isle is any piece of land (below an unspecified size) that is completely surrounded by water.