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Hollister can refer to:. The Jeep brand currently produces three models:. Hollister Ranch Realty, Hollister Ranch sales. Historical Jeep models:. Hollister Incorporated, a medical device company.
Hollister Co., a clothing company. Jeep vehicles have "model designations" in addition to their common names. Hollister, California, a place in the United States. Jeep vehicles are also produced in Beijing, China, by Beijing Jeep Corporation, Ltd., a joint venture between Beijing Automobile Industry Corporation, DaimlerChrysler and DaimlerChrysler China Invest Corporation, established on January 15, 1984. Finally, Chrysler merged with Daimler-Benz in 1998 to form DaimlerChrysler. The Chrysler Corporation bought out AMC in 1987, shortly after the Jeep CJ was replaced with the AMC-designed Jeep Wrangler or YJ.
American Motors bought the company in 1970. Willys was sold to Kaiser in 1953, which became Kaiser-Jeep in 1963. The marque has gone through many owners, starting in 1941 with Willys, which produced the first Civilian Jeep (CJ). The original 9 slot grill associated with all WW2 jeeps was designed by Ford for their GPW, and because it weighed less than the original "Slat Grill" of Willys, (an arrangement of flat bars) was incorporated into the "Standardized jeep" design.
A division of DaimlerChrysler, the most recent successor company to Willys, now holds trademark status on the word "Jeep" and the distinctive 7 slot front grille design. Pre-WWII History... More History.. Bantan Car / Jeep Jeep History..
In the United States military, the jeep has been supplanted by a number of vehicles (e.g., Ford's M151, nicknamed the Mutt) of which the latest is the High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle ("Humvee"). As part of the war effort, Jeeps were also supplied to the Soviet Red Army during World War II. The jeep was widely copied in countries around the world, including in France (by Hotchkiss) and in the Netherlands (by Nekaf.) There were several different versions created, including a railway jeep and an amphibious jeep. Combined production by Willys and Ford, under the direction of Charles E Sorensen, (Vice-President of Ford during World War II) produced more than 600,000 vehicles.
government allowed jeeps to be built by the Ford Motor Company, who designated the vehicle as model GPW (G indicated a governmental vehicle, P indicated the wheelbase, and W refferd to the Willys design). Based on these two concerns, the U.S. The military was also concerned about Willys-Overland's single manufacturing facility--something that would make the newly-produced military vehicle's factory even more susceptible to sabotage. Like American Bantam, Willys-Overland was a small company and, likewise, the military was concerned about their ability to produce large quantities of the vehicle.
Willys thus designed what would become the standardized jeep, designating it a model MB military vehicle and building it at their plant in Toledo, Ohio. During the bidding process for 16,000 "jeeps", Willys-Overland offered the lowest bid and won the initial contract. Quantities (1500) of each of the three models were then extensively field tested. Some people believe that Ford and Willys also had access to Bantam's technical paperwork.
The American Bantam Car Company actually built and designed the vehicle that first met the Army's criteria, but the Army felt that the company was too small to supply the number needed and it allowed Willys and Ford to make second attempts on their designs after seeing Bantam's vehicle in action. The first prototype was built for the Department of the Army by American Bantam, followed by two other competing prototypes produced by Ford and Willys-Overland. When test driver Irving "Red" Housman was asked by a bystander "What is this thing?" he responded simply with "It's a jeep." Hillyer heard this and used the name in her column which was printed around the country. The Army brought a jeep to the Capitol in order for it to climb the front steps of the building and show off the vehicle's power.
Hillyer had been assigned to cover a publicity stunt and Senate photo op where the jeep was presented to the public. The term went into widespread public use because of a syndicated news column written by Kathryn Hillyer who was working for the Washington Daily News. Sanders, a dictionary of military slang, published in 1942, in the library at The Pentagon gives the following definition:. Words of the Fighting Forces by Clinton A.
The vehicle had many other nicknames at this time such as Peep, Pygmy, and Blitz-Buggy although because of the Eugene association, Jeep stuck in people's minds better than any other term. They most likely were familiar with the character of Eugene the Jeep and therefore began to credit Eugene with the name. Civilian engineers and test drivers who were at the camp during this time were not aware of the military slang term. Therefore the soldiers on the test project called it a jeep.
When the first models of the jeep came to Camp Holabird for tests, the vehicle didn't have a name yet. The term would eventually be used as slang to refer to an airplane, a tractor used for hauling heavy equipment, and an autogyro. He went on to say that the slang word had these definitions as late as the start of World War II. Hogan.
P. E. Army magazine, Quartermaster Review, which was written by Maj. This is according to a history of the vehicle for an issue of the U.S.
It was during World War I that soldiers used "jeep" as a slang word for new recruits as well as new, unproven vehicles. The first common use of the term "jeep" predates both of these by roughly 20 years. The character of "Eugene the Jeep" was created in 1936. The manuals quoted were published in 1943.
The following two reasons for the name "jeep", although they make interesting and memorable stories, aren't quite accurate. There are many stories about where the name "jeep" came from. . McCall.
The most famous is perhaps Black Bear Road, made famous in the song of the same name by C.W. A road that is only suitable for off-road vehicles is often called a jeep trail. The army jeep was one of the vehicles that led to the SUV era of the 1980s. The term is also sometimes used to refer generically to what are now known as SUVs, whether the vehicle in question bears the Jeep nameplate or not.
The term was first applied to a military vehicle, the Bantam BRC, Willys-Overland, Ford Motor Company for the United States Army during World War II. Unlike Band-Aid and Xerox, however, jeep did not start out as a trademark. Jeep, like Band-Aid and Xerox, is rapidly becoming a genericized trademark. The marque, like all other Chrysler subsidaries, became part of DaimlerChrysler when Daimler-Benz merged with the Chrysler Corporation in 1998.
Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. 2007 Jeep Patriot - A small SUV based on the Dodge Caliber architecture. 2007 Jeep Compass - A small crossover SUV based on the Dodge Caliber architecture. Jeep Commander - XK - Newest model in the Jeep line, it is a seven passenger SUV.
Jeep Liberty - KJ - A small SUV (called Cherokee outside North America). WK - The newest Grand Cherokee, 2006-present ("WK" is the designator for the new Grand Cherokee, it is one of the few non-J-designated Jeeps). Jeep Grand Cherokee - large family-oriented SUV.
TK - The upcoming version of the Wrangler, to be released as a 2007 model. TJD - The Unlimited Wrangler, with a 10" longer wheelbase and 15" longer overall (includes Unlimited Rubicon models). TJ - The current Wrangler (includes Rubicon models).
1999-2005 WJ. 1993-1998 ZJ. 1993 Jeep Grand Wagoneer - Version of the Grand Cherokee. 1987-1996 YJ - The original Wrangler.
1984-1991 Jeep Grand Wagoneer - Continuation of the SJ chassis. 1984-1991 Jeep Grand Wagoneer - Upscale full-size SUV
1963-1983 SJ. 1963-1990 Jeep Wagoneer - SUV
1956-1965 Jeep Forward Control - Light truck
Jeep Jeepster - Passenger truck
1981-1985 CJ-10 - pickup truck. 1981-1986 CJ-8. 1976-1986 CJ-7. 1955-1981 CJ-6 - stretched CJ-5.
1955-1983 CJ-5. 1953-1968 CJ-3B. 1949-1953 CJ-3A. 1947-1949 CJ-2A.
Willys MA - MB - Ford GP GPW GPA. 1941-1945 Jeep US Army,Military WWII. CJ stands for "Civilian Jeep."
Eugene the Jeep was a dog-like character who could walk through walls and ceilings, climb trees, fly, and just about go anywhere it wanted; it is thought that soldiers at the time were so impressed with the new vehicle's versatility that they informally named it after the character. Many, including Ermey, claim that the more likely origin is a reference to a character from the Thimble Theater (Popeye) comic strip known as Eugene the Jeep. a general purpose, personnel, or cargo carrier especially adaptable for reconnaisance or command, and designated as 1/4-ton 4x4 Truck", and the vehicle is also designated a "GP" in TM 9-2800, Standard Military Motor Vehicles, 1 September, 1943, but whether the average jeep-driving GI would have been familiar with either of these manuals is open to debate. "General purpose" does appear in connection with the vehicle in the WW2 TM 9-803 manual, which describes the vehicle as "..
Lee Ermey, on his television series Mail Call, disputes this, saying that the vehicle was designed for specific duties, was never referred to as "General Purpose," and that the name may have been derived from Ford's nomenclature referring to the vehicle as GP (G for government-use, and P to designate its 80-inch-wheelbase). R. Probably the most popular notion has it that the vehicle bore the designation "GP" (for "General Purpose"), which was phonetically slurred into the word jeep.