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Helen Keller

Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer.

Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. Her disabilities were caused by a fever in February, 1882 when she was 19 months old. Her loss of ability to communicate at such an early developmental age was very traumatic for her and her family and as a result she became quite unmanageable.

Biography

Childhood

Keller was born at an estate called Ivy Green, on June 27, 1880 to parents Captain Arthur H. Keller and Kate Adams Keller. She was not born blind and deaf, but was actually a typical, healthy infant. It was not until nineteen months later that she came down with an illness that the doctors described as "an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain" - Scarlet Fever. The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her blind, deaf, and unable to speak. By age seven she had invented over sixty different signs that she could use to communicate with her family.

In 1886, her mother Kate Keller was inspired by an account in Charles Dickens' American Notes of the successful education of another deaf/blind child, Laura Bridgman, and travelled to a specialist doctor in Baltimore for advice. He put her in touch with local expert Alexander Graham Bell, who was working with deaf children at the time. Bell advised the couple to contact the Perkins Institute for the Blind, the school where Bridgman had been educated, which was then located in South Boston, Massachusetts. The school delegated teacher and former student Anne Sullivan, herself visually impaired and then only 20 years old, to try to open up Helen's mind. It was the beginning of a 49-year period of working together.

Sullivan demanded and got permission from Helen's father to isolate the girl from the rest of the family in a little house in their garden. Her first task was to instill discipline in the spoiled girl. Helen's big breakthrough in communication came one day when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on her palm, while running cool water over her palm from a pump, symbolized the idea of "water" and nearly exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar objects in her world (including her prized doll).

Anne was able to teach Helen to think intelligibly and to speak, using the Tadoma method: touching the lips of others as they spoke, feeling the vibrations, and spelling of alphabetical characters in the palm of Helen's hand. She also learned to read English, French, German, Greek, and Latin in braille.

Education

In 1888, Helen attended Perkins Institute for the Blind. In 1894, Helen and Anne moved to New York City to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf. In 1898 they returned to Massachusetts and Helen entered The Cambridge School for Young Ladies before gaining admittance, in 1900, to Radcliffe College. In 1904 at the age of 24, Helen graduated from Radcliffe cum laude, becoming the first deaf and blind person to graduate from a college.

Helen Keller, graduation from Radcliffe College, c. 1904

Political activities

With tremendous willpower Helen went on to become a world-famous speaker and author. She made it her own life's mission to fight for the sensorially handicapped in the world. In 1915 she founded Helen Keller International, a non-profit organization for preventing blindness. Helen and Anne Sullivan traveled all over the world to over 39 countries, and made several trips to Japan, becoming a favorite of the Japanese people. Helen Keller met every U.S. President from Grover Cleveland to John F. Kennedy and was friends with many famous figures including Alexander Graham Bell, Charlie Chaplin and Mark Twain.

Helen Keller was a member of the socialist party and actively campaigned and wrote in support of the working classes from 1909 to 1921. She supported Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs in each of his campaigns for the presidency. Her political views were reinforced by visiting workers. In her words, "I have visited sweatshops, factories, crowded slums. If I could not see it, I could smell it."

Newspaper columnists who had praised her courage and intelligence before she came out as a socialist now called attention to her disabilities. The editor of the Brooklyn Eagle wrote that her "mistakes sprung out of the manifest limitations of her development." Keller responded to that editor, referring to having met him before he knew of her political views:

"At that time the compliments he paid me were so generous that I blush to remember them. But now that I have come out for socialism he reminds me and the public that I am blind and deaf and especially liable to error. I must have shrunk in intelligence during the years since I met him...Oh, ridiculous Brooklyn Eagle! Socially blind and deaf, it defends an intolerable system, a system that is the cause of much of the physical blindness and deafness which we are trying to prevent."

Helen Keller also joined the industrial union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), in 1912 after she felt that parliamentary socialism was "sinking in the political bog." Helen Keller wrote for the IWW between 1916 and 1918. In "Why I Became an IWW" Helen wrote that her motivation for activism came in part due to her concern about blindness and other disabilities:

"I was appointed on a commission to investigate the conditions of the blind. For the first time I, who had thought blindness a misfortune beyond human control, found that too much of it was traceable to wrong industrial conditions, often caused by the selfishness and greed of employers. And the social evil contributed its share. I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness."

Helen Keller wrote glowingly of the emergence of communism during the Russian Revolution (See ISBN 0684818868). Her contacts with suspected communists were frequently investigated by the FBI.

In 1920 she was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. In the 1920s, she sent a hundred dollars to the NAACP with a letter of support that appeared in its magazine The Crisis.

In 1925 she addressed a convention of Lions Clubs International giving that organisation a major focus for its service work which still continues today.

Writings

In 1960 her book Light in my Darkness was published in which she advocated the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. She also wrote a lengthy autobiography. She wrote a total of eleven books, and authored numerous articles.

Honors

On September 14, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor.

Alabama honors her, a native daughter, on its state quarter [1].

Later life

Keller devoted much of her later life to raising funds for the American Foundation for the Blind.

Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968 at the age of 87, more than thirty years after the death of Anne Sullivan. She was cremated and her remains were placed in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington National Cathedral.

Helen Keller in the arts and popular culture

A silent film, Deliverance, first told Keller's story.

The Miracle Worker, a play about how Helen Keller learned to communicate, was made into a movie three times. The 1962 version of the movie won Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Anne Bancroft who played Sullivan and Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Patty Duke who played Keller.

Another recent movie about Helen Keller's life is The Miracle Continues. This semi-sequel to The Miracle Worker recounts her college years and her early adult life. None of the early movies hint at the social activism that would become the hallmark of Helen's later life, although the Disney version produced in 2000 states in the credits that Helen became an activist for social equality.

The Hindi movie Black released in 2005 was largely based on Keller's story, from her childhood to her graduation.

In the comedy cartoon series South Park Helen Keller's life was shown in a musical.

Her life and achievements are celebrated annually in Tuscumbia, her hometown, in the Helen Keller festival.

In the animated series Family Guy, the final scene from The Miracle Worker was shown in one episode with the characters speaking in binary.


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In the animated series Family Guy, the final scene from The Miracle Worker was shown in one episode with the characters speaking in binary. He is of Manx descent, as evidenced by his surname. Her life and achievements are celebrated annually in Tuscumbia, her hometown, in the Helen Keller festival. He particularly enjoys watching his children as they participate in team sports. In the comedy cartoon series South Park Helen Keller's life was shown in a musical. Quayle enjoys golf, tennis, basketball, skiing, horseback riding, fly fishing, and reading. The Hindi movie Black released in 2005 was largely based on Keller's story, from her childhood to her graduation. They are the parents of three children: Tucker, Benjamin, and Corinne.

None of the early movies hint at the social activism that would become the hallmark of Helen's later life, although the Disney version produced in 2000 states in the credits that Helen became an activist for social equality. In November 1972, Quayle married the former Marilyn Tucker of Indianapolis. This semi-sequel to The Miracle Worker recounts her college years and her early adult life. He is the son of Jim and Corinne Quayle of Huntington, Indiana. Another recent movie about Helen Keller's life is The Miracle Continues. Quayle, the oldest of four children, has two brothers and a sister: Chris, Mike, and Martha. The 1962 version of the movie won Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Anne Bancroft who played Sullivan and Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Patty Duke who played Keller. The former vice president also writes a nationally syndicated newspaper column, serves on a number of corporate boards, chairs several business ventures, and was chairman of Campaign America, a national political action committee.

The Miracle Worker, a play about how Helen Keller learned to communicate, was made into a movie three times. His second book, The American Family: Discovering the Values that Make Us Strong, came out in the spring of 1996 and Worth Fighting For came out in 1999. A silent film, Deliverance, first told Keller's story. Dan Quayle is the author of Standing Firm, a vice-presidential memoir that became a nationwide bestseller. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington National Cathedral. He is an Honorary Trustee Emeriti of the Hudson Institute. She was cremated and her remains were placed in the Chapel of St. Former Vice President Dan Quayle is an advisor to the firm Cerberus Capital Management and president of Quayle and Associates.

Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968 at the age of 87, more than thirty years after the death of Anne Sullivan. He is sometimes mentioned as a possible presidential candidate in 2008. Keller devoted much of her later life to raising funds for the American Foundation for the Blind. He withdrew from the race the following month. Alabama honors her, a native daughter, on its state quarter [1]. In the first contest among the Republican candidates, the Iowa straw poll of August 1999, he finished 8th. Johnson awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor. In April 1999 he announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination for the 2000 Presidential Election.

On September 14, 1964, President Lyndon B. However, it was ultimately a minor factor in the election, which Bush and Quayle went on to lose. She wrote a total of eleven books, and authored numerous articles. Republicans were largely relieved and pleased, and Quayle's camp hailed his performance as an upset triumph against a veteran debater. She also wrote a lengthy autobiography. Quayle faced off against Gore in the vice-presidential debate, and, due in part to exceeding low expectations and staying on the offensive by tactics such as criticizing passages in Gore's book Earth in the Balance [During planning negotiations for the upcoming televised debates, Vice-President Quayle's team insisted that he be able to hold a copy of Gore's book for dramatic effect- the Gore team retorted that Gore ought to be able to hold up a potato.] Quayle was generally seen to have at least tied Gore, faring much better than he had against Bentsen four years earlier. In 1960 her book Light in my Darkness was published in which she advocated the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. Al Gore.

In 1925 she addressed a convention of Lions Clubs International giving that organisation a major focus for its service work which still continues today. Bill Clinton and Sen. In the 1920s, she sent a hundred dollars to the NAACP with a letter of support that appeared in its magazine The Crisis. During the 1992 election, Bush and Quayle were challenged in their bid for reelection by Democrats Gov. In 1920 she was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. In 2002, Candice Bergen, the actress, made the comment, "I never have really said much about the whole episode, which was endless, but his speech was a perfectly intelligent speech about fathers not being dispensable and nobody agreed with that more than I did.". Her contacts with suspected communists were frequently investigated by the FBI. In the 1992-93 season premiere of Murphy Brown, Brown, the character, watched Quayle's comments on television and responded on the show.

Helen Keller wrote glowingly of the emergence of communism during the Russian Revolution (See ISBN 0684818868). The "Murphy Brown speech" and the resulting media coverage damaged the Republican ticket in the 1992 presidential election and became one of the most memorable incidents of the 1992 campaign. I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness.". In an aside, he specifically cited the fictional title character in the television program Murphy Brown as an example of how popular culture contributes to this "poverty of values", saying: "[i]t doesn't help matters when primetime TV has Murphy Brown—a character who supposedly epitomizes today's intelligent, highly paid, professional woman—mocking the importance of fathers, by bearing a child alone, and calling it just another 'lifestyle choice.'" Quayle drew a firestorm of criticism from feminist and liberal organizations and was widely ridiculed by late night talk show hosts for this remark. And the social evil contributed its share. on a decay of moral values and family structure in American society. For the first time I, who had thought blindness a misfortune beyond human control, found that too much of it was traceable to wrong industrial conditions, often caused by the selfishness and greed of employers. In this speech Quayle blamed the violence in L.A.

"I was appointed on a commission to investigate the conditions of the blind. On May 19, 1992 Quayle gave a speech to the Commonwealth Club of California on the subject of the Los Angeles riots. In "Why I Became an IWW" Helen wrote that her motivation for activism came in part due to her concern about blindness and other disabilities:. The misspelling remains a source of intense criticism of Quayle's leadership abilities. Helen Keller also joined the industrial union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), in 1912 after she felt that parliamentary socialism was "sinking in the political bog." Helen Keller wrote for the IWW between 1916 and 1918. It was widely lambasted by comedians and commentators, and purportedly demonstrated defective execution of official duties. I must have shrunk in intelligence during the years since I met him...Oh, ridiculous Brooklyn Eagle! Socially blind and deaf, it defends an intolerable system, a system that is the cause of much of the physical blindness and deafness which we are trying to prevent.". The event became the single most memorable and lasting part of Quayle's career.

But now that I have come out for socialism he reminds me and the public that I am blind and deaf and especially liable to error. Quayle was allegedly relying on a spelling-bee card on which the word had been misspelled by the teacher. "At that time the compliments he paid me were so generous that I blush to remember them. Most famous was his correcting a student's spelling of potato as potatoe at an elementary school spelling bee in Trenton, New Jersey on June 15, 1992. The editor of the Brooklyn Eagle wrote that her "mistakes sprung out of the manifest limitations of her development." Keller responded to that editor, referring to having met him before he knew of her political views:. Other critics facetiously remarked that he was a good reason for even Bush's critics to pray for his health and that he was only Vice President to make Bush "impeachment-proof". Newspaper columnists who had praised her courage and intelligence before she came out as a socialist now called attention to her disabilities. He received the satirical Ig Nobel Prize for "demonstrating, better than anyone else, the need for science education" in 1991.

If I could not see it, I could smell it.". Bush. In her words, "I have visited sweatshops, factories, crowded slums. [1] Some of the comments he actually did make have been attributed to other politicians, such as George W. Her political views were reinforced by visiting workers. One reason was that he sometimes made confused or garbled statements, although this tendency led to his being "credited" with apocryphal quotations. Debs in each of his campaigns for the presidency. Throughout his time as Vice President, Quayle was widely ridiculed in the media and by some of the general public as a mental lightweight.

She supported Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. On February 9, 1989, President Bush named Quayle head of the Council on Competitiveness. Helen Keller was a member of the socialist party and actively campaigned and wrote in support of the working classes from 1909 to 1921. As Vice President, Quayle was the first chairman of the National Space Council, a space policy body reestablished by statute in 1988. Kennedy and was friends with many famous figures including Alexander Graham Bell, Charlie Chaplin and Mark Twain. Quayle was the 44th Vice President of the United States from January 20, 1989, to January 20, 1993. President from Grover Cleveland to John F. Although Republicans were trailing by up to 15 points in public opinion polls taken prior to the convention, the Bush/Quayle ticket went on to win the November election by a convincing 54-46 margin, sweeping 40 states and capturing 426 electoral votes.

Helen Keller met every U.S. The ads, however, seemed to have little effect. Helen and Anne Sullivan traveled all over the world to over 39 countries, and made several trips to Japan, becoming a favorite of the Japanese people. Ads supporting Michael Dukakis and Bentsen showed a beeping heart monitor and an announcer saying, "Quayle: just a heartbeat away," with the implication that Quayle was not up to the job of the presidency should he have to assume it. In 1915 she founded Helen Keller International, a non-profit organization for preventing blindness. Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy." Quayle sheepishly responded, "That was uncalled for, Senator," in one of the defining moments of the 1988 campaign. She made it her own life's mission to fight for the sensorially handicapped in the world. Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine.

With tremendous willpower Helen went on to become a world-famous speaker and author. I knew Jack Kennedy. In 1904 at the age of 24, Helen graduated from Radcliffe cum laude, becoming the first deaf and blind person to graduate from a college. Democratic candidate Lloyd Bentsen said in rebuttal, "Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy. In 1898 they returned to Massachusetts and Helen entered The Cambridge School for Young Ladies before gaining admittance, in 1900, to Radcliffe College. This came to a head in the 1988 vice-presidential debate, in which Quayle compared his experience to that of John Kennedy when he became president. In 1894, Helen and Anne moved to New York City to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf. Many in the media also portrayed him as a lightweight unable to handle the job.

In 1888, Helen attended Perkins Institute for the Blind. Questions were raised about Quayle's apparent use of family connections to get into the Indiana National Guard and thus avoid possible combat service in the Vietnam War. She also learned to read English, French, German, Greek, and Latin in braille. This decision was criticized by many who felt that Quayle did not have enough experience to be president should something happen to Bush. Anne was able to teach Helen to think intelligibly and to speak, using the Tadoma method: touching the lips of others as they spoke, feeling the vibrations, and spelling of alphabetical characters in the palm of Helen's hand. Bush called on Quayle to be his running mate in the general election. Helen's big breakthrough in communication came one day when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on her palm, while running cool water over her palm from a pump, symbolized the idea of "water" and nearly exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar objects in her world (including her prized doll). W.

Her first task was to instill discipline in the spoiled girl. In August 1988, at the 1988 Republican National Convention in New Orleans, Louisiana, George H. Sullivan demanded and got permission from Helen's father to isolate the girl from the rest of the family in a little house in their garden. The nomination was later withdrawn. It was the beginning of a 49-year period of working together. It was later revealed that Manion was a member of the John Birch Society and that the American Bar Association had evaluated him as unqualified. The school delegated teacher and former student Anne Sullivan, herself visually impaired and then only 20 years old, to try to open up Helen's mind. In 1986, Quayle received much criticism from his fellow Senators for championing the cause of Daniel Manion, who was a candidate to be a federal judge.

Bell advised the couple to contact the Perkins Institute for the Blind, the school where Bridgman had been educated, which was then located in South Boston, Massachusetts. This was the only major legislation that ever bore Quayle's name the entire time he served in both the House and the Senate. He put her in touch with local expert Alexander Graham Bell, who was working with deaf children at the time. In 1982, working with Senator Edward Kennedy, Quayle authored the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). In 1886, her mother Kate Keller was inspired by an account in Charles Dickens' American Notes of the successful education of another deaf/blind child, Laura Bridgman, and travelled to a specialist doctor in Baltimore for advice. With his service on the Armed Services Committee, the Budget Committee, and the Labor and Human Resources Committee, he became an effective Senator, respected by colleagues on both sides of the aisle. By age seven she had invented over sixty different signs that she could use to communicate with her family. Senate, Quayle became widely known for his legislative work in the areas of defense, arms control, labor, and human resources.

The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her blind, deaf, and unable to speak. During his tenure in the U.S. It was not until nineteen months later that she came down with an illness that the doctors described as "an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain" - Scarlet Fever. Making Indiana political history again, Quayle was reelected to the Senate in 1986 with the largest margin ever achieved to that date by a candidate in a statewide Indiana race. She was not born blind and deaf, but was actually a typical, healthy infant. Senate from the State of Indiana, defeating three-term incumbent Democrat Birch Bayh. Keller and Kate Adams Keller. In 1980, at age 33, Quayle became the youngest person ever elected to the U.S.

Keller was born at an estate called Ivy Green, on June 27, 1880 to parents Captain Arthur H. He won reelection in 1978 by the greatest percentage margin ever achieved to that date in the northeast Indiana district. . Congress from Indiana's Fourth Congressional District, defeating an eight-term incumbent Democrat. Her loss of ability to communicate at such an early developmental age was very traumatic for her and her family and as a result she became quite unmanageable. In 1976, Quayle was elected to the U.S. Her disabilities were caused by a fever in February, 1882 when she was 19 months old. Upon receiving his law degree, Quayle worked as associate publisher of his family's newspaper, the Huntington Herald-Press, and practiced law with his wife in Huntington.

Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. From 1973-1974, he was the Director of the Inheritance Tax Division of the Indiana Department of Revenue. Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer. Later that year, he became an administrative assistant to Governor Edgar Whitcomb. Quayle's public service began in July 1971 when he became an investigator for the Consumer Protection Division of the Indiana Attorney General's Office. While serving in the Guard, he earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree in 1974 at Indiana University School of Law Indianapolis through an experimental program intended to offer "equal opportunity" to minorities, the economically disadvantaged and other students of different viewpoints and backgrounds.

After receiving his degree, Quayle joined the Indiana National Guard and served from 1969-1975. degree in political science in 1969, and where he was a member of the fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon. He then matriculated at DePauw University, where he received his B.A. After spending much of his youth in Arizona, he graduated from Huntington High School in Huntington, Indiana in 1965.

Quayle moved his family to Arizona in 1955 to run a branch of family's publishing empire. James C. Pulliam, was a wealthy and influential publishing magnate who founded Central Newspapers, Inc., owner of over a dozen major newspapers such as the Arizona Republic and The Indianapolis Star. His maternal grandfather, Eugene C.

In his memoirs, Dan Quayle points out that his birth name was simply James Danforth Quayle. He has often been incorrectly referred to as James Danforth Quayle III. Quayle and Corrine Pulliam Quayle. Quayle was born in Indianapolis, Indiana to James C.

. In 2000, he was an unsuccessful candidate to win the Republican nomination for President of the United States. Bush (1989-1993). W.

James Danforth Quayle (born February 4, 1947) was the 44th Vice President of the United States under George H. hardcover, ISBN 0060177586; mass market paperback, May, 1995; ISBN 0061093904; Limited edition, 1994, ISBN 0060176016. Dan Quayle, Standing Firm: A Vice-Presidential Memoir, Harper Collins, May 1994.

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