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Helen Keller

Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer.

Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. Her disabilities were caused by a fever in February, 1882 when she was 19 months old. Her loss of ability to communicate at such an early developmental age was very traumatic for her and her family and as a result she became quite unmanageable.

Biography

Childhood

Keller was born at an estate called Ivy Green, on June 27, 1880 to parents Captain Arthur H. Keller and Kate Adams Keller. She was not born blind and deaf, but was actually a typical, healthy infant. It was not until nineteen months later that she came down with an illness that the doctors described as "an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain" - Scarlet Fever. The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her blind, deaf, and unable to speak. By age seven she had invented over sixty different signs that she could use to communicate with her family.

In 1886, her mother Kate Keller was inspired by an account in Charles Dickens' American Notes of the successful education of another deaf/blind child, Laura Bridgman, and travelled to a specialist doctor in Baltimore for advice. He put her in touch with local expert Alexander Graham Bell, who was working with deaf children at the time. Bell advised the couple to contact the Perkins Institute for the Blind, the school where Bridgman had been educated, which was then located in South Boston, Massachusetts. The school delegated teacher and former student Anne Sullivan, herself visually impaired and then only 20 years old, to try to open up Helen's mind. It was the beginning of a 49-year period of working together.

Sullivan demanded and got permission from Helen's father to isolate the girl from the rest of the family in a little house in their garden. Her first task was to instill discipline in the spoiled girl. Helen's big breakthrough in communication came one day when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on her palm, while running cool water over her palm from a pump, symbolized the idea of "water" and nearly exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar objects in her world (including her prized doll).

Anne was able to teach Helen to think intelligibly and to speak, using the Tadoma method: touching the lips of others as they spoke, feeling the vibrations, and spelling of alphabetical characters in the palm of Helen's hand. She also learned to read English, French, German, Greek, and Latin in braille.

Education

In 1888, Helen attended Perkins Institute for the Blind. In 1894, Helen and Anne moved to New York City to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf. In 1898 they returned to Massachusetts and Helen entered The Cambridge School for Young Ladies before gaining admittance, in 1900, to Radcliffe College. In 1904 at the age of 24, Helen graduated from Radcliffe cum laude, becoming the first deaf and blind person to graduate from a college.

Helen Keller, graduation from Radcliffe College, c. 1904

Political activities

With tremendous willpower Helen went on to become a world-famous speaker and author. She made it her own life's mission to fight for the sensorially handicapped in the world. In 1915 she founded Helen Keller International, a non-profit organization for preventing blindness. Helen and Anne Sullivan traveled all over the world to over 39 countries, and made several trips to Japan, becoming a favorite of the Japanese people. Helen Keller met every U.S. President from Grover Cleveland to John F. Kennedy and was friends with many famous figures including Alexander Graham Bell, Charlie Chaplin and Mark Twain.

Helen Keller was a member of the socialist party and actively campaigned and wrote in support of the working classes from 1909 to 1921. She supported Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. Debs in each of his campaigns for the presidency. Her political views were reinforced by visiting workers. In her words, "I have visited sweatshops, factories, crowded slums. If I could not see it, I could smell it."

Newspaper columnists who had praised her courage and intelligence before she came out as a socialist now called attention to her disabilities. The editor of the Brooklyn Eagle wrote that her "mistakes sprung out of the manifest limitations of her development." Keller responded to that editor, referring to having met him before he knew of her political views:

"At that time the compliments he paid me were so generous that I blush to remember them. But now that I have come out for socialism he reminds me and the public that I am blind and deaf and especially liable to error. I must have shrunk in intelligence during the years since I met him...Oh, ridiculous Brooklyn Eagle! Socially blind and deaf, it defends an intolerable system, a system that is the cause of much of the physical blindness and deafness which we are trying to prevent."

Helen Keller also joined the industrial union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), in 1912 after she felt that parliamentary socialism was "sinking in the political bog." Helen Keller wrote for the IWW between 1916 and 1918. In "Why I Became an IWW" Helen wrote that her motivation for activism came in part due to her concern about blindness and other disabilities:

"I was appointed on a commission to investigate the conditions of the blind. For the first time I, who had thought blindness a misfortune beyond human control, found that too much of it was traceable to wrong industrial conditions, often caused by the selfishness and greed of employers. And the social evil contributed its share. I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness."

Helen Keller wrote glowingly of the emergence of communism during the Russian Revolution (See ISBN 0684818868). Her contacts with suspected communists were frequently investigated by the FBI.

In 1920 she was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. In the 1920s, she sent a hundred dollars to the NAACP with a letter of support that appeared in its magazine The Crisis.

In 1925 she addressed a convention of Lions Clubs International giving that organisation a major focus for its service work which still continues today.

Writings

In 1960 her book Light in my Darkness was published in which she advocated the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. She also wrote a lengthy autobiography. She wrote a total of eleven books, and authored numerous articles.

Honors

On September 14, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor.

Alabama honors her, a native daughter, on its state quarter [1].

Later life

Keller devoted much of her later life to raising funds for the American Foundation for the Blind.

Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968 at the age of 87, more than thirty years after the death of Anne Sullivan. She was cremated and her remains were placed in the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington National Cathedral.

Helen Keller in the arts and popular culture

A silent film, Deliverance, first told Keller's story.

The Miracle Worker, a play about how Helen Keller learned to communicate, was made into a movie three times. The 1962 version of the movie won Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Anne Bancroft who played Sullivan and Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Patty Duke who played Keller.

Another recent movie about Helen Keller's life is The Miracle Continues. This semi-sequel to The Miracle Worker recounts her college years and her early adult life. None of the early movies hint at the social activism that would become the hallmark of Helen's later life, although the Disney version produced in 2000 states in the credits that Helen became an activist for social equality.

The Hindi movie Black released in 2005 was largely based on Keller's story, from her childhood to her graduation.

In the comedy cartoon series South Park Helen Keller's life was shown in a musical.

Her life and achievements are celebrated annually in Tuscumbia, her hometown, in the Helen Keller festival.

In the animated series Family Guy, the final scene from The Miracle Worker was shown in one episode with the characters speaking in binary.


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In the animated series Family Guy, the final scene from The Miracle Worker was shown in one episode with the characters speaking in binary. Additionally, conservatives charged Gore with illegal fundraising at a Buddhist temple and illegal use of his government office and telephone for political fundraising in violation of the Hatch Act although he was never indicted on such a charge. Her life and achievements are celebrated annually in Tuscumbia, her hometown, in the Helen Keller festival. His statement that he "took the initiative in creating the Internet" to describe his sponsorship of legislation to fund the commercialization of the internet has been ridiculed significantly by media, although the statement was defended by Internet pioneers such as Robert Kahn and Vinton Cerf [16]. In the comedy cartoon series South Park Helen Keller's life was shown in a musical. His views on environmental policy have been cast in the media as politically radical and Canada hating. The Hindi movie Black released in 2005 was largely based on Keller's story, from her childhood to her graduation. Gore has also been involved in a number of controversies.

None of the early movies hint at the social activism that would become the hallmark of Helen's later life, although the Disney version produced in 2000 states in the credits that Helen became an activist for social equality. Conservatives have criticized his change as stemming from political expedience rather than conviction. This semi-sequel to The Miracle Worker recounts her college years and her early adult life. He had adopted a pro-choice position by 1988, when he sought the Democratic presidential nomination. Another recent movie about Helen Keller's life is The Miracle Continues. Through the late 1980s, Gore maintained that abortion destroyed innocent human life. The 1962 version of the movie won Academy Awards for Best Actress in a Leading Role for Anne Bancroft who played Sullivan and Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Patty Duke who played Keller. Early in his career, he was pro-life; his Congressional voting record was rated by one source as 84% anti-abortion.

The Miracle Worker, a play about how Helen Keller learned to communicate, was made into a movie three times. Though Gore has gradually moved politically further left; he was once a moderate-to-conservative lawmaker. A silent film, Deliverance, first told Keller's story. He was a vocal opponent of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and Republican attempts to pass a Balanced Budget Amendment to the US Constitution. Joseph of Arimathea in Washington National Cathedral. Gore is now a strong supporter of safe, legal abortion, free trade, and tax cuts to affect personal behavior and tax increases to expand Government's influence and revenue base. She was cremated and her remains were placed in the Chapel of St. Al Gore's views are categorized as being those of a liberal.

Helen Keller died on June 1, 1968 at the age of 87, more than thirty years after the death of Anne Sullivan. He went on to say, "They even claim that those of us who disagree with their point of view are waging war against ‘people of faith.’ How dare they!" This was Gore's first major policy speech of 2005 and also the first one since the defeat of Democratic hopeful John Kerry in late 2004. Keller devoted much of her later life to raising funds for the American Foundation for the Blind. Gore also took aim at what he called "religious zealots" who claim special knowledge of God’s will in American politics. Alabama honors her, a native daughter, on its state quarter [1]. What is involved here is a power grab," Gore said. Johnson awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the United States' highest civilian honor. Compare that with the 60 Clinton nominees who were blocked by Republican obstruction between 1995 and 2000.

On September 14, 1964, President Lyndon B. Democrats have held up only 10 nominees, less than 5 percent. She wrote a total of eleven books, and authored numerous articles. The Senate has confirmed 205 or over 95 percent of President Bush's nominees. She also wrote a lengthy autobiography. In response to Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist, who for weeks has repeated threats to impose the "nuclear option" if Senate Democrats did not stop blocking judicial nominees via the filibuster, Gore said, "Their grand design is an all-powerful executive using a weakened legislature to fashion a compliant judiciary in its own image. In 1960 her book Light in my Darkness was published in which she advocated the teachings of Emanuel Swedenborg. On April 27, 2005, Gore gave an hour long speech lambasting the GOP's effort to do away with the legislative filibuster.

In 1925 she addressed a convention of Lions Clubs International giving that organisation a major focus for its service work which still continues today. As of April 5, 2005, Gore has not yet made any comments on any of the group's efforts. In the 1920s, she sent a hundred dollars to the NAACP with a letter of support that appeared in its magazine The Crisis. In January of 2005, several sources reported that Gore was considering running in 2008. In 1920 she was one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. Therefore, on November 3, 2004, several groups launched an effort to try to influence the former vice president to seek the presidency in 2008. Her contacts with suspected communists were frequently investigated by the FBI. Although the Vice President maintains that he has no intention to run for political office again, he has also said that he cannot rule it out completely.

Helen Keller wrote glowingly of the emergence of communism during the Russian Revolution (See ISBN 0684818868). In an hour long presentation, Gore concluded that, "I'm convinced that most of the president's frequent departures from fact-based analysis have much more to do with right-wing political and economic ideology than with the Bible.". I found that poverty drove women to a life of shame that ended in blindness.". On October 18, 2004, Al Gore delivered his final major policy speech of the 2004 political season. And the social evil contributed its share. Gore directed remarks to supporters of third-party presidential candidate Ralph Nader, who abandoned the Democratic Party four years ago, asking them, "Do you still believe that there was no difference between the candidates?". For the first time I, who had thought blindness a misfortune beyond human control, found that too much of it was traceable to wrong industrial conditions, often caused by the selfishness and greed of employers. "Let's make sure not only that the Supreme Court does not pick the next president, but also that this president is not the one who picks the next Supreme Court," said Gore.

"I was appointed on a commission to investigate the conditions of the blind. As the first major speaker at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, Gore held himself out as a living reminder that every vote counts. In "Why I Became an IWW" Helen wrote that her motivation for activism came in part due to her concern about blindness and other disabilities:. It was the natural consequence of the Bush Administration policy.". Helen Keller also joined the industrial union, the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), in 1912 after she felt that parliamentary socialism was "sinking in the political bog." Helen Keller wrote for the IWW between 1916 and 1918. Gore also decried the abuse of prisoners in Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, saying, "what happened at that prison, it is now clear, is not the result of random acts of a few bad apples. I must have shrunk in intelligence during the years since I met him...Oh, ridiculous Brooklyn Eagle! Socially blind and deaf, it defends an intolerable system, a system that is the cause of much of the physical blindness and deafness which we are trying to prevent.". Bush the most dishonest president since Richard Nixon, who resigned the office of the presidency in 1974 following the Watergate scandal.

But now that I have come out for socialism he reminds me and the public that I am blind and deaf and especially liable to error. During the fiery speech, which lasted more than an hour, Gore called the Bush administration's Iraq war plan "incompetent" and called George W. "At that time the compliments he paid me were so generous that I blush to remember them. In the speech, Gore demanded Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet, Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz, Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Douglas Feith, and Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Stephen Cambone all resign for encouraging policies that led to the abuse of Iraqi prisoners and fanned hatred of Americans abroad. The editor of the Brooklyn Eagle wrote that her "mistakes sprung out of the manifest limitations of her development." Keller responded to that editor, referring to having met him before he knew of her political views:. On May 26, 2004, Gore gave a highly critical speech on the Iraq crisis and the Bush Administration. Newspaper columnists who had praised her courage and intelligence before she came out as a socialist now called attention to her disabilities. election voting controversies.

If I could not see it, I could smell it.". In his speech, Gore stressed the importance of voting and having every vote counted, a point that foreshadowed the 2004 U.S. In her words, "I have visited sweatshops, factories, crowded slums. In addition, Gore announced that all of the surplus funds in his "Recount Fund" from the 2000 election controversy that resulted in the Supreme Court halting the counting of the ballots, a total of $240,000, will be donated to the Florida Democratic Party. Her political views were reinforced by visiting workers. The party's Senate and House committees would each get $1 million, and the party from Gore's home state of Tennessee would receive $250,000. Debs in each of his campaigns for the presidency. Drawing from his funds left over from his 2000 presidential campaign, Gore pledged to donate $4 million to the Democratic National Committee.

She supported Socialist Party candidate Eugene V. On April 28, 2004, Gore announced that he would be donating $6 million to various Democratic Party groups. Helen Keller was a member of the socialist party and actively campaigned and wrote in support of the working classes from 1909 to 1921. Bush." In March 2004 Gore, along with former Presidents Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter, united behind Kerry as the presumptive Democratic nominee. Kennedy and was friends with many famous figures including Alexander Graham Bell, Charlie Chaplin and Mark Twain. He took America on an ill-conceived foreign adventure dangerous to our troops, an adventure preordained and planned before 9/11 ever took place." Gore also urged all Democrats to unite behind their eventual nominee proclaiming, "any one of these candidates is far better than George W. President from Grover Cleveland to John F. "He played on our fears.

Helen Keller met every U.S. Gore shouted into the microphone. Helen and Anne Sullivan traveled all over the world to over 39 countries, and made several trips to Japan, becoming a favorite of the Japanese people. "He betrayed this country!" Mr. In 1915 she founded Helen Keller International, a non-profit organization for preventing blindness. Bush of betraying the country by using the 9/11 attacks as a justification for the invasion of Iraq. She made it her own life's mission to fight for the sensorially handicapped in the world. On February 9, 2004, on the eve of the Tennessee primary, Gore gave what many consider his harshest criticism of the president yet when he accused George W.

With tremendous willpower Helen went on to become a world-famous speaker and author. The cold weather in New York helped make this speech especially controversial.). In 1904 at the age of 24, Helen graduated from Radcliffe cum laude, becoming the first deaf and blind person to graduate from a college. And it's no wonder: because they are the targets of a massive and well-organized campaign of disinformation lavishly funded by polluters who are determined to prevent any action to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming, out of a fear that their profits might be affected if they had to stop dumping so much pollution into the atmosphere." (However, that day happened to be the coldest day in New York City history. In 1898 they returned to Massachusetts and Helen entered The Cambridge School for Young Ladies before gaining admittance, in 1900, to Radcliffe College. Accompanied by slides and projector, Gore slammed the Bush administration's attitude towards global warming saying, "There are many who still do not believe that global warming is a problem at all. In 1894, Helen and Anne moved to New York City to attend the Wright-Humason School for the Deaf.
On January 15, 2004, Al Gore gave a major policy address in New York City on climate change and the Bush administration's approach to the environment.

In 1888, Helen attended Perkins Institute for the Blind. Gore's endorsement of Dean was helpful to the latter in legitimizing him in the eyes of the establishment faction of the Democratic Party, but it also led the media to dub Dean as the clear front-runner, with the result that his opponents devoted more of their emphasis to opposing him. She also learned to read English, French, German, Greek, and Latin in braille. Although Gore did receive a small number of votes in New Hampshire and New Mexico, that effort was halted when John Kerry pulled into the lead for the nomination. Anne was able to teach Helen to think intelligibly and to speak, using the Tadoma method: touching the lips of others as they spoke, feeling the vibrations, and spelling of alphabetical characters in the palm of Helen's hand. There was still some effort to encourage write-in votes for Gore in the primaries by a different group of Gore supporters who were separate from the draft movement. Helen's big breakthrough in communication came one day when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on her palm, while running cool water over her palm from a pump, symbolized the idea of "water" and nearly exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar objects in her world (including her prized doll). However, that effort largely came to an end when Gore publicly endorsed Vermont Governor Howard Dean (over his former running mate Joe Lieberman) weeks before the first primary of the election cycle.

Her first task was to instill discipline in the spoiled girl. Despite Gore taking himself out of the race, a handful of his supporters formed a national campaign to "draft" him into running. Sullivan demanded and got permission from Helen's father to isolate the girl from the rest of the family in a little house in their garden. Gore's former running mate, Joe Lieberman quickly announced his own candidacy for the presidency, which he had vowed he would not do if Gore ran. It was the beginning of a 49-year period of working together. When he appeared on a 60 Minutes interview, Gore said that he felt if he had run, the focus of the election would be the rematch rather than the issues. The school delegated teacher and former student Anne Sullivan, herself visually impaired and then only 20 years old, to try to open up Helen's mind. On December 16, 2002 however, Gore announced that he would not run in 2004, saying that it was time for "fresh faces" and "new ideas" to emerge from the Democrats.

Bell advised the couple to contact the Perkins Institute for the Blind, the school where Bridgman had been educated, which was then located in South Boston, Massachusetts. "Re-elect Gore!" was a common slogan among many Democrats who felt the former Vice President had been unfairly cheated out of the presidency, on the grounds that he had won the popular vote and (in the opinion of many) should have won the Electoral College vote. He put her in touch with local expert Alexander Graham Bell, who was working with deaf children at the time. Bush in the 2004 United States Presidential Election. In 1886, her mother Kate Keller was inspired by an account in Charles Dickens' American Notes of the successful education of another deaf/blind child, Laura Bridgman, and travelled to a specialist doctor in Baltimore for advice. Initially, Al Gore was touted as a logical opponent of George W. By age seven she had invented over sixty different signs that she could use to communicate with her family. Gore's group, Generation Investment Management, was created to assist the growing demand for an investment style which can bring returns by blending traditional equity research with a focus on more intangible non-financial factors such as social and environmental responsibility and corporate governance.

The illness did not last for a particularly long time, but it left her blind, deaf, and unable to speak. In late 2004, it was announced that Al Gore had launched and will chair an investment firm to seek out companies taking a responsible view on big global issues like climate change. It was not until nineteen months later that she came down with an illness that the doctors described as "an acute congestion of the stomach and the brain" - Scarlet Fever. The new network will not have political leanings, Gore said, but will serve as an "independent voice" for a target audience of people between 18 and 34 "who want to learn about the world in a voice they recognize and a view they recognize as their own." The network was relaunched under the name Current on August 1, 2005. She was not born blind and deaf, but was actually a typical, healthy infant. On May 4, 2004, INdTV Holdings, a company co-founded by Gore and Joel Hyatt, purchased cable news channel NewsWorld International from Vivendi Universal. Keller and Kate Adams Keller. Tiffany Shlain, the awards' founder and chairwoman said, "It's just one of those instances someone did amazing work for three decades as congressman, senator and vice president and it got spun around into this political mess," Shlain said.

Keller was born at an estate called Ivy Green, on June 27, 1880 to parents Captain Arthur H. The Webby Awards, which are widely hailed as the Oscars of the web, "wanted to set the record straight" about Al Gore and the Internet once and for all. . In May 2005, Gore was awarded a lifetime achievement award for three decades of contributions to the Internet. Her loss of ability to communicate at such an early developmental age was very traumatic for her and her family and as a result she became quite unmanageable. Although Gore said the movie was a far-fetched example of global warming, he said the movie would escalate public debate on the issue. Her disabilities were caused by a fever in February, 1882 when she was 19 months old. In the summer of 2004, Gore teamed up with MoveOn.org, to promote the new scientific fiction film, The Day After Tomorrow.

Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. In a statement after the three-hour session, the commission said he was candid and forthcoming, and it thanked him for his "continued cooperation." [15]. Helen Adams Keller (June 27, 1880 – June 1, 1968) was a deafblind American author, activist and lecturer. On April 10, 2004, Gore met with the 9-11 Commission in private to give his testimony on what his administration did to prevent terror attacks. Gore also continued to visit campuses across the nation lecturing on issues such as race, media, and democracy. On the political front, Gore kept his promise of staying involved in public debate when he offered his criticism and advice to the Bush Administration on key topics such as the Occupation of Iraq, USA Patriot Act, and environmental issues, most notably global warming.

In 2003 Gore joined the board of directors of Apple Computer. Also, during this time period Gore guest starred on several programs such as The Late Show with David Letterman and Saturday Night Live, appearing much more relaxed and funnier as a private citizen than he did while holding public office. Less than two weeks later, on October 2, he made a speech on Bush's handling of the economy to the Brookings Institution. On September 23, Gore delivered a speech on the impending War with Iraq and the War on Terrorism that generated a fair amount of commentary.

Following the November 5, 2002 midterm elections Gore re-emerged into the public eye with a 14-city book tour and a well-orchestrated "full Gore" media blitz which included a pair of policy speeches. In late 2001, Al Gore became a Senior Advisor to Google and Vice Chairman of Los Angeles-based financial firm Metropolitan West Financial LLC. Following his election loss, a bearded Gore accepted visiting professorships at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, Middle Tennessee State University, University of California Los Angeles, and Fisk University. For other information, see: Al Gore controversies.

presidential election, 2000. For more information on the 2000 election, see: U.S. For more information on Al Gore's 2000 campaign, see: Al Gore presidential campaign, 2000. He played himself again in another episode after the campaign was over.

While running for president in 2000, Al Gore was used as a voice actor for the television show Futurama. Gore lost his home state of Tennessee, making him the first presidential candidate since South Dakota Democratic Senator George McGovern in 1972 to lose his home state in a presidential election. history (until the 2004 election), he lost the election by five electoral votes (with one DC Elector, pledged to Gore, casting a blank ballot to protest the District's lack of representation in Congress). Although Gore won the nationwide popular vote by more than 500,000 votes, receiving the most votes of any candidate in U.S.

However, this has led to new controversies, because of the security weaknesses of the computer systems, the lack of paper-based methods of secure verification, and the necessity to rely on the trustworthiness of the manufacturers whose employees also count those votes. Concern about the possible disenfranchisement of voters in the Florida vote led to widespread calls for electoral reform in the United States, and ultimately to the passage of the Help America Vote Act, which authorized the United States federal government to provide funds to the states to replace their mechanical voting equipment with electronic voting equipment. Congress accepted Florida's electoral delegation, only after a challenge to the Florida electors was presented in the congressional chambers on January 6, 2001 by members of the Congressional Black Caucus who could not secure the signature of one Senator to bring the challenge to a debate. Some commentators still see such irregularities, and the legal maneuvering around the recounts as casting doubt on the legitimacy of the vote; as a matter of law, however, the issue was settled when the U.S.

Reports later surfaced that many overseas voters attempted to vote only after learning of the closeness of the Florida vote. Both sides contended that the votes were cast after election day, and since many of the envelopes did not have cancelled stamps, it was not clear when the votes were cast. And while the Gore camp, fought (with some success) to keep overseas absentee votes out in counties thought to be pro-Bush, Bush operatives similarly (albeit wihile drawing less attention to their efforts) prevented the counting of overseas absentee votes in strong Democratic counties. [14] It is unclear what effect, if any, this may have had.

[13] During the numerous recounts (which made the phrase "hanging chads" infamous in the American vocabulary), there were also allegations of both pro-Bush and pro-Gore tampering by low-level operatives in the controversial counties. Some have thought that this depressed the pro-Bush vote in that area -- although none have shown any proof that voters who were at home and saw the networks call the election failed to go vote in the last 8 minutes. This happened before the polls closed in 10 small Florida counties in the heavily Republican western panhandle which are in the Central Time Zone, and thus closed at 7 PM Central Time (8 PM Eastern). Many Bush supporters, however, believed that an unfair advantage was given to Gore when all major news networks, early on, prematurely projected Gore as the winner of Florida's 25 electoral votes at 7:52 PM Eastern Time.

Irregularities on the Bush side included the notorious Palm Beach "butterfly ballots", which produced an unexpectedly large number of votes for third-party candidate Patrick Buchanan, and a purge of some 50,000 alleged felons from the Florida voting rolls that included many voters who were eligible to vote under Florida law. Several irregularities are thought to have favored Bush; others may have given Gore an edge. The Florida election has been closely scrutinized since the election. [11][12].

Gore would have won given a full recount of the state. Gore, but that Mr. Bush would have won using the partial recount method of 4 strongly Democratic areas advocated by Mr. news media organizations indicated that Mr.

Following the election, a subsequent recount conducted by various U.S. Gore strongly disagreed with the Court's decision, but decided that "for the sake of our unity of the people and the strength of our democracy, I offer my concession." He had previously made a concession phone call to Bush the night of the election, but quickly retracted it after learning just how close the election was. Gore voted 7 to 2 to declare the ongoing recount procedure unconstitutional, on the grounds that it was not being carried out statewide, and 5 to 4 to ban further recounts using other procedures. Al Gore publicly conceded the election after the Supreme Court in Bush v.

Bush only after numerous court challenges. Florida's 25 electoral votes were awarded to George W. The race was ultimately decided by a razor thin margin of only 537 popular votes in Florida -- an astonishingly close margin out of some 105 million votes cast nationwide. On election day, the results were so close that the outcome of the race took over a month to resolve, highlighted by the premature declaration of a winner on election night, and an extremely close result in the state of Florida.

Bush. presidential election, 2000, Gore was neck and neck in the polls with Republican Governor of Texas George W. During the entire U.S. Lieberman was also the first Jewish nominee on a major party's national ticket.

Many pundits saw Gore's choice of Lieberman as another way of trying to distance himself from the scandal-prone Clinton White House. Lieberman, who is claimed to be a more conservative Democrat than Gore, had publicly blasted President Clinton for the Monica Lewinsky affair. In August 2000, Gore surprised many when he selected United States Senator Joe Lieberman to be his vice-presidential running mate. Bradley withdrew from the race in early March 2000 after Gore won every primary election.

In the Democratic primaries, Gore faced an early challenge from Bill Bradley. After two terms as Vice President, Gore ran for President. Upon the end of his tenure as Vice President, Gore was widely considered one of the most active, powerful, and popular Vice Presidents in US history. Gore attributes the following economic achievements to his administration's economic plan: [10]:.

It is likely that the properity which occured in the Clinton/Gore years is due to Alan Greenspan-endorsed Clinton and Gore's economic plan which limped through Congress without one Republican vote, and Vice President Gore casting the tie breaking vote in the Senate. During the Clinton/Gore administration, Americans enjoyed eight years of relative peace along with the longest economic expansion in history. [9]. Gore also supported Operation Desert Fox, the bombing campaign against Iraq in response to Saddam Hussein's unwillingness to cooperate with UN inspectors.

Gore was one of the first to call for action to remove Yugoslav President Slobodan Milošević from power in 1998. Because of President Clinton's inexperience and Gore's service in Vietnam and in the Senate, Clinton would often look to Gore for advice in the area of foreign policy. [7], [8]. In the late nineties, Gore strongly pushed for the passage of the Kyoto Treaty, which called for reduction in green house emissions.

The insight he gained on issues such as global warming, the depletion of the ozone layer, and the destruction of rain forests is said to have played a major role in policy making for the Clinton administration. On Earth Day 1994, Gore launched the worldwide GLOBE program, an innovative hands-on, school-based education and science activity that made extensive use of the Internet to increases student awareness of their environment and contribute research data for scientists. While a senator working on his book Earth in the Balance, Gore had traveled around the world on numerous fact finding missions. During Gore's tenure as Vice President, he was a strong proponent for environmental protection.

[6] This later served as the tenuous basis for mocking from his opponents that he'd claimed to have "invented the Internet". While serving in the Senate, Gore had introduced legislation which called for the creation of a new federal research center for educational computing to support an "information systems highway". This was a culmination of work that he had started several years before. As Vice President, Gore instituted a federal program calling for all schools and libraries to be wired to the Internet.

[5]. Some claim that this performance may have been responsible for the passing of NAFTA in the House of Representatives, where it passed 234-200. He is widely believed to have won the debate hands down, and public opinion polls taken after the debate showed that a majority of Americans agreed with his point of view and supported NAFTA. In 1993 Gore debated Ross Perot on CNN's Larry King Live on the issue of free trade.

[4]. His book later helped guide President Clinton when he down sized the federal government. One of Gore's major accomplishments as Vice President was the National Performance Review, which pointed out waste, fraud, and other abuse in the federal government and stressed the need for cutting the size of the bureaucracy and the number of regulations. history.

However, many experts consider him to be one of the most active and influential Vice Presidents in U.S. During his time as Vice President, Al Gore was mostly a behind the scenes player. presidential election, 1996. Clinton and Gore were re-elected to a second term in the U.S.

presidential election, 1992, Al Gore was inaugurated as the 45th Vice President of the United States on January 20, 1993. After winning the U.S. Senator Al Gore to be his running mate on July 9, 1992. Bill Clinton chose then-U.S.

While in Congress, Gore was a member of the following committees: Armed Services (Defense Industry and Technology Projection Forces and Regional Defense; Strategic Forces and Nuclear Deterrence); Commerce, Science and Transportation (Communications; Consumer; Science, Technology and Space- chairman 1992; Surface Transportation; National Ocean Policy Study); Joint Committee on Printing; Joint Economic Committee; Rules and Administration. Kennedy's Profiles in Courage. Earth in the Balance became the first book written by a sitting senator to make The New York Times best-seller list since John F. Gore started writing Earth in the Balance, his book on environmental conservation, during his son's recovery.

Because of this and the resulting lengthy healing process, his father chose to stay near him during the recovery instead of laying the foundation for a presidential primary campaign against eventual nominee Bill Clinton. On April 3, 1989, Gore's six-year-old son Albert was nearly killed in an automobile accident while leaving the Baltimore Orioles opening game. In 1988, Gore ran for President but failed to obtain the Democratic nomination, which went instead to Michael Dukakis. Gore served as a Senator from Tennessee until 1992, when he was elected Vice President.

In 1984 Gore did not run for the House; instead he successfully ran for a seat in the Senate, which had been vacated by Republican Majority Leader Howard Baker. He was re-elected three times, in 1978, 1980, and 1982. Gore defeated Stanley Rogers in the Democratic primary, then ran unopposed and was elected to his first Congressional post. House, in Tennessee's Fourth District.

In the spring of 1976, Gore quit law school to run for the U.S. The question of whether Leo frequently traveled with Gore or not still has not been conclusively answered. On the other hand, Leo's testimony is that Cooper gave the orders before Gore arrived, so Gore would not know about them. For his part, Gore has stated that he knew Leo but rarely traveled with him in Vietnam, and that he never felt that he was being given special protection.

Leo stated that Gore's trips into the field were safe, and that Gore "could have worn a tuxedo." These remarks seem to contradict Gore's public statements that he "walked through the elephant grass" and "was fired upon.". Cooper, the 20th Engineer Brigades Commander. Alan Leo, Gore was protected from dangerous situations at the request of Brigadier General Kenneth B. According to combat photographer H.

lost the 1970 election, and was no longer a Senator by the time Gore arrived in Vietnam). Once in Vietnam, some also allege that Gore received special treatment as a former Senator's son (Gore Sr. However, others argue that any man who enlisted with a Harvard degree had a good chance of being assigned a support specialty rather than an infantry position. Because Gore was a journalist, he was never exposed to front-line combat, and some allege that his famous father's influence helped him to obtain this position.

Gore was not shipped immediately to Vietnam after completing basic training, spending most of his term in Fort Rucker. During the 2000 presidential election, some conservatives accused Al Gore of insufficient military service, because he was "only" a journalist and spent only five months in Vietnam, which some sources have characterized as "less than half the standard 12 month Vietnam tour." Although it is true that he was a journalist, Gore served in the Army only 75 fewer days than the standard two-year term. Some have suggested that Gore already foresaw that military service might be advantageous in his future career in politics. Gore considered all these options, but said that his sense of civic duty compelled him to serve.

Some observers have noted that Gore could have avoided Vietnam in a number of ways. Gore stated many times that he opposed the Vietnam War, but chose to enlist anyway. The chronology of his military service is as follows:. Gore served in the Army from August 1969 to May 1971.

Gore's mother was a member of Vanderbilt Law School's first class to accept women. During this time, Gore also attended Vanderbilt Divinity School and Law School, although he did not complete a degree at either. After returning from Vietnam, Gore spent five years as a reporter for the Tennessean, a newspaper headquartered in Nashville, Tennessee. He served as an Army war correspondent until May 24 of that year, slightly less than two years after he enlisted.

After completing training as a military journalist, Gore shipped to Vietnam in early 1971. Although opposed to the Vietnam war, on August 7, 1969, Gore enrolled in the army to participate in the Vietnam War effort. The family attends New Salem Missionary Baptist Church in Carthage. The Gores now reside just outside of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, and own a small farm near Carthage, Tennessee.

The Gores also have two grandchildren: Wyatt (born July 4, 1999) and Anna Schiff. They have four children: Karenna (born August 6, 1973), married to Drew Schiff; Kristin (born June 5, 1977); Sarah (born January 7, 1979); and Al III (born October 19, 1982). Albans School in Washington, DC). In 1970, Gore married Mary Elizabeth Aitcheson (Tipper Gore), whom he had first met many years before at his high school senior prom (St.

Gore graduated from Harvard in June of 1969 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. His roommate (in Dunster House) was actor Tommy Lee Jones. In 1965, Gore enrolled at Harvard College, where he majored in government. Albans School; during summer vacations, he lived in Carthage, where he worked on the Gore family farm.

During the school year, the younger Gore lived in a hotel in Washington, where he attended the Sheridan School, and later the elite St. divided his childhood between Washington, DC and Carthage, Tennessee. Since his father was a veteran Democratic senator from Tennessee, Al Gore Jr. and Pauline LaFon Gore.

Gore Sr. Gore was born in Washington, DC to Albert A. . Although speculation about a possible presidential run in 2008 still continues, he has publicly claimed that he does not plan to return to politics.

Gore currently serves as President of the American televison channel Current and Chairman of Generation Investment Management, sits on the board of directors of Apple Computer, and serves as an unofficial advisor to Google's senior management. The election remains one of the most divisive and controversial topics in recent American Politics. Electoral College and Bush was elected President. While Gore received the most popular votes, the states Bush won gave him a majority in the U.S.

Bush in a bitterly contested election that included multiple recounts and a Supreme Court decision that effectively decided the election in favor of Bush. He ran for President in 2000 following Bill Clinton's two four-year terms, but was defeated by the Republican candidate George W. Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. More families own stock than ever before.

Lowest federal income tax burden in 35 years. Lowest government spending in three decades. Converted the largest budget deficit, up to that time, in American history to the largest surplus. Higher incomes at all levels.

Lowest poverty rate in 20 years. Paid off $360 billion of the national debt. Lowest unemployment in 30 years. Highest homeownership in American history.

More than 22 million new jobs. May 24, 1971: Discharged, after granting of early discharge request, as part of general troop reductions. January 1971 to May 1971: field reporter in Vietnam, part of the 20th Engineer Brigade, stationed primarily at Bien Hoa Air Base near Saigon. Late October 1969 to December 1970: Fort Rucker, Alabama, on-the-job occupational training at the Army Flier newspaper.

August to October 1969: 8 weeks of basic training at Fort Dix, New Jersey. August 1969: Enlisted at the Newark, New Jersey recruiting office.

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